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Yes to Years! 

Older adults meet to 

affirm their place 
in church and society 


At the National Older Adult Cont'creiice (see page IS) last 
October, I ran into a lot of mothers, fathers, and beliexe it or not 
even some grandparents. M\ first impression was that it was like 
one big family reunion. .As 1 met people, I began to hear what 
seemed to be another series of faeeless names. But. I heard how 
this person connected w iih that one. or vice versa, and then met 
that person. As the new ly found friends contin- 
ued to tell the stories of their family. I longed 
for the stories my mother would tell me as a 
child — stories of the things she did as a child 
and of the people I never knew or saw. As 1 was 
grow ing up. she told me stories about my 
family. Man\ of the stories w ere a series of 
faceless names of aunts, and uncles, and cousins 
w horn 1 had ne\ er met and thought I probably 
never would. If only I had listened and remem- 
bered all those stories. The quick acceptance by 
the "older adults" made me miss not having my 
grandparents around for a large portion of my 
life. I reall\ did not get lo know them as 1 would 
lune liked, and 1 miss the potential chronicles 
they could have told me. My mother is now a grandmother, and 
my niece and nephews will be blessed with those stories. 

I learned that stories such as these (handed down from 
generation to generation like a piece of jewelry, or a photograph, 
or a worn piece of clothing) not only were made up of words, but 
of history . emotions, and memories. 

Don"t you remember the fragmented pieces of that one tale 
someone in your family told you over, and over, and over again? 
Isn't there one that you v\ish you could remember, and would be 
able to pass to your child or grandchild, had \(hi paid close 

So, the next time a parent or grandparent goes into a 
storytelling mode, pay close attention. Think twice before tuning 
the storyteller out. You may wish to hear it when it's too late. 
These stories and tall tales are a part of the wonder of growing 
up. They make for laughter and warmth. 

I'll learn oodles of Brethren history from the books I have. 
But. I've also picked up much intangible history from five days 
in North Carolina with some "older adults." After all, aren't 
stories part of the learning cycle? And isn't learning what life is 
all about? 

C>W-. ^. S^^oJy-^xr^ 

COMING NEXT MONTH: Annual Conference preview, a 
profile of moderator Chuck Boycr, and a look at how the job of 
Annual Conference manager has changed. 


Kermon Thomasson 

Managing Editor 

Erie B Bishop 

Editorial assistants 

Cheryl Cayford, Suellen Shtvely 

Production, Advertising 

Sue Radchtf 


Norma Nieto. Martha Cupp 


Kenneth L, Gibble 


Dale E. Minnich 

District Messenger representatives: 

Alhnlic Northeast. Ron Lutz; Allanlic. 
Soulheasi, Rubs Raynicr: IllinoisAVist' 
Gail Clark; Norlhem Indiana. Lcona 
Holderread: Soulh/Cenlral Indiana. M 
Miller; Michigan. Mane Willoughby; 
Atlanlic. Ann Fouts; Missoun/Arkunst 
Mary McGowan; Northern Plains. Pau 
Flory; Northern Ohio. Sherry Sampsoi 
Southern Ohio. Shirley Petry; Oregon/ 
Washington. Marguerite Shamberger; 
Pacific Southwest. Randy Miller; Soul 
Pennsylvania, Elmer Q. Gleini; Wesiei 
Pennsylvania. Jay Chrislner; Shenand( 
Jerry Brunk; Southern Plains, Esther S 
Virlina. David & Hettie Webster; Wes 
Plains. Dean Hummer; West Marvu, 
Winoma Spurgeon. 


Messenger is the official publication Oi 
Church oi the Brethren. Entered as sec 
class matter Aug. 20. 19 IK. under Act- 
Congress of Oct. 17. 1^17, Filing datei 
I, 1^84. Messenger is a 
i\ member of the Associatec 
* r^ Church Press and a subscin 
to Religious News Servici 
Ecumenical Press Service' 
Biblical quotations, unles:' 
otherwise indicated, are from the New' 
Revised Standard Version. 

Subscription rates: $12,50 individi: 
rate. S10.50 church group plan, $10.5( 
subscriptions. Student rate 73(f an issu 
you move, clip address label and send 
new address to Messenger SubscripliO' 
14?1 Dundee Ave.. Elgin, IL 60120. / 
at least five weeks for address change.: 
Messenger is owned and published ^ 
times a year by the General Services C'. 
mission. Church of the Brethren Gene' 
Board. Second-class postage paid at E 
III., and at additional mailing office, J; 
199.^, Copyright 1993. Church of the 
Brethren General Board. ISSN (X)26-C 
POSTMASTER: Send address chat 
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« Touch 2 
lose to Home 4 
ews 6 
orldwide 10 
)etry 2 1 

I epping Stones 26 
litters 27 
)ntius' Puddle 29 
irning Points 31 
Jitorial 32 


iver, inside front cover, 1 . 11-13. 
8-20; Eric Bishop 
eft: The Tampa Tribune 
ight: Suellen Shively 
Irenes. Reynolds 
Abdu D. Dzarma 
op: Mary Lou Garrison 
)ottoni: John and Janice Long 
George Keeler 
Suellen Shively 
ti Religious News Service photo/ 

op right: Elaine Hartman McGann 
rattom: Kathryn Pfaltzgraff Eller 
: Heifer Project International 
■-25: Howard E. Royer 

Getting to know each other: Bethany board 
meets at Earlham 1 1 

In its first meeting at the future site of Bethany Theological 
Seminary, the seminary board moves forward in its transition. 
Eric Bishop's special report gives the highlights. 

Logistics of a journey 12 

Eric Bishop describes some of the decisions already made as 
Bethany Seminary begins its move to Richmond. Ind. 

Can anyone still remember the dream? 14 

Robert E. Burns tells what schools and churches can do to 
turn Martin Luther King Jr.'s dream into reality. 

Springtime in the heart: National Older Adult 
Conference 1 8 

The first ever National Older Adult Conference was a lot like 
National Youth Conference. Only the ages and breadth of 
experience were different. Report by Eric Bishop. 

Refugees on the rebound 22 

Howard E. Royer. back from Africa, tells of a unique band of 
refugees in northern Kenya. 

Cover story: The first ever Naiioiial OUlcr Adult Conference at Lake 
Jiinaluska. N.C.. in October gave Brethren the opportunity to get act/iiainted 
with each other during various activities including square dancing The 
account of that conference begins on page IH. 

January IQ^."? Messenaer 1 

See Jane play soccer 

"Fantastic player," "wise 
beyond her years." and 
"World Cup in the future" 
are just a few of the phrases 
that coaches have used to 

June Byers' ^oal in 
soccer is to play on the 
World Cup or Olympic 
team someday. Her 
parents. Irene and Jim 
Byers. support her in 
her dream. 

"In Touch" profiles Brethren we 
would like you to meet. Send 
story ideas and photos (black 
and white, if possible) to ' In 
Touch." Messf.ngkr, 1451 
Dundee Ave.. Elgin. IL 60120. 

describe Jane Byers" soccer 

Jane, a high school senior 
and member of St. Peters- 
burg (Fla.) Church of the 
Brethren, has earned a 
nationwide soccer reputation. 
She has been flooded with 
recruitment letters from 
universities such as Duke, 
North Carolina. Yale, and 

Jane credits family support 
with her start in soccer. Her 
older brothers both played in 
a league, and when she 
showed interest in the sport, 
her adoptive parents signed 
her up for a team as well. 
Jim and Irene Byers adopted 
Jane and her three siblings 
1 1 years ago following the 
loss of their biological 

mother to cancer. 

Jane's strong desire, 
however, has kept her going 
in the sport — coaches say 
that it"s her strongest asset. 

"Soccer's not an easy 
sport," says Jane. "There's a 
lot of physical contact. It 
might sound strange, but I 
really like going out there 
and being tough and getting 
knocked around." 

For role models. Jane looks 
to young women playing at 
the college level. She was 
inspired by seeing the US 
win the Women's World Cup 
this year. 

"I'd really like to play on 
the World Cup or Olympic 
team someday," she says. 
"and when I get older, maybe 
coach a little girls' team." 

As the 1991 Orange Bowl 
Most Valuable Player and a 
member of the Olympic 
Developmental Squad, Jane 
is already well on her way to 
achieving those goals. 
— Slellen Shively 

Coming to America 

There's a saying among 
Brethren Volunteer Service 
(BVS) workers that "BVS 

Andreas Bouckc 

ruins you for life." Former 
BVSer Andreas Boueke, a 
native of Bielefeld, Germany, 
learned so much from the 

cross-cultural experience that 
began with his year in BVS 
that he's written a book 
about his "ruination." 

Betr.: Amerika — Ein 
Kontinent von unten erlebt 
(Re: America — A Continent 
Experienced from Below) 
gives personal description as 
well as political analysis 
based upon the two and one- 
half years Andreas spent in 
the United States and Latin 

"I wanted to show the 
great influence that the US 
has on Latin American 
countries and what that 
means for the people there, 
especially those on the 
bottom of the social struc- 
ture." he explains. "The 
injustice needs to be high- 

Andreas, now a student of 
sociology in Berlin, encour- 
ages his readers to do inter- 
national peace work through 
EIRENE (the organization 
that puts overseas volunteers 
in contact with BVS). 

"Volunteers can experi- 
ence a view of a country very 
different from a tourist's," 
he says. "It's important to 
get beyond what you hear 
in the media." — SUELLEN 

Here's the beef 

When he was in fourth 
grade. Raymond Thralls' 
grandfather gave him a 
registered Angus heifer. TTiat 
gift has led to a shelf full of 
awards for the Billings, 
Okla.. youth. 

This past November he 
placed second in the nation 
in meat Judging at the 
American Royal competition 

2 Messenger January 1 993 

Raymond Thralls exhibits his prize-winning Angus. 

in Kansas City. For that, he 
won a plaque and a $750 
scholarship. Many of Ray- 
mond's awards have been 
won by exhibiting his Angus. 
It was grand champion at the 
Noble County (Okla.) Fair in 

Raymond assists his father 
in farming 900 acres and 
milking a 62-cow dairy herd. 
He has his own herd of five 
cows, five calves, a heifer, 
and a bull. This year he 
added 30 stockers (weaned 
calves) to graze on the farm's 
winter wheat. 

In the Antelope Valley 
Church of the Brethren. 
Raymond served on the 
Education for Shared 
Ministry committee, which 
sponsored pastor Gerald 
Klaus as he studied for 
ordained ministry. 

If all that leaves the reader 
speechless, such is not the 
case for Raymond. Last year 
he placed fourth in the dairy 
division of the Oklahoma 
State speech contest. And 
this spring he will run for 
statewide FFA office. No 
need to ask this go-getter 
"Where's the beet?" — Irene 
S. Reynolds 

Irene S Reynolds is a freelance 
writer from Lawrence. Kan. 

He's a conservative 

Alvin Fishburn, a member 
of Lone Star (Kan.) Church 
of the Brethren, farms land 
that his grandfather bought 
from an early settler. Alvin 
was the first landowner in 
Douglas County to imple- 
ment a newer method of 
planting grass strips in his 
fields to conserve soil. The 
Fishburn farm was a featured 
stop on the US Department 
of Agriculture's Neighbor-to- 
Neighbor Conservation Tour 
this past summer. 

Fanners across the nation 
are required to establish a 
soil conservation plan by 
1995 in order to remain 
eligible for federal programs 
and assistance. In 1990, 
Alvin, without tilling, drilled 
fescue seed into parallel 
contour strips through 35 
acres of alfalfa sod. 

"We tried it because it 
seemed to be a workable 
conservation method," Alvin 
explains. The grass strips 
slow the velocity of water 
running off a field so it 
carries away less soil. 

Smce farmers generally 
can use the grass grown on 
the strips for hay, this 
conservation method is cost- 
effective. Alvin's dairy herd 

of 80-90 Holsteins consumes 
the hay from his strips. 

Alvin's 900-acre farm 
supports 14 people, seven 
of them his grandchildren. 
"Farm life isn't easy," says 
Alvin's wife. Angle. "But it's 
a wonderful place to teach 
children about responsibility, 
animals, and plants, and to 
establish communication 
with the Creator." — Irene S. 

Irene 5. Reynolds ts a freelance 
wruer.from Lawrence. Kan. 

Names in the news 

When Cora Fisher cel- 
ebrated her birthday last 
September 27, she didn't 
make any big fuss. It was 
Sunday, and she taught the 
adult Sunday school class, 
as usual. 

What is unusual is that it 
was Cora's 96th birthday, 
and she has taught Sunday 
school for 81 years. Cora is a 
member of Covington (Ohio) 
Church of the Brethren. 

• Tom Downey, a member 
of Washington ( D.C. ) City 
Church of the Brethren, lost 
his re-election bid to con- 
tinue serving as a member of 
Congress from New York 
(Long Island). He had been 
in Congress since 1974. 

• Dan Fitzkee, a member 
of Chiques Church of the 
Brethren, in Manheim, Pa., 
had at least 15 minutes of 
fame this past fall when he 
discovered that he had grown 
an apple that beat the 
Guinness Bool: of World 
Records champion. His 2- 
pound, 1 1.2-ounce super 
apple grew on a Stark Jumbo 
tree. The cantaloupe-size 

fruit was featured on Phila- 
delphia-area TV, and radio 
commentator Paul Harvey 
told about it on his broadcast. 

• Mark Ebersole, Presi- 
dent Emeritus of Elizabeth- 
town (Pa.) College, has 
written a book titled Hail to 
Thee. Okohoji U! A Humor 
Anthology on Higher 
Education. Okoboji U., a 
fictitious university, was 
"founded" six years ago 
when an Iowa clothing store 
owner began producing and 
selling T-shirts with 
"Okoboji U" emblazoned 
on them. 

• Leona Ruth Jones, a 
member of Ephrata (Pa.) 
Church of the Brethren, has 
been writing poetry for 50 
years. Her poem "Peace" has 
been incorporated into The 
World's Largest Poem for 
Peace, a compilation of 
poems urging global peace. 
It recently was presented to 
the United Nations Secretary 

• Mary and Bob Baucher, 
members of Modesto (Calif.) 
Church of the Brethren, won 
the 1992 Friend of Peace 
award from the Modesto 
Peace/Life Center. The 
Bauchers have been active 

in the center since 1970. 


RebaO.Steck (1898-1979) 
has been remembered by 
an elementary school in 
-Aurora, 111., being named for 
her. In a teaching career that 
spanned the years 1914- 
1962, she taught in and was 
principal of several area 
schools. She was a member 
of Naperville (III.) Church of 
the Brethren. 

January ['->'■)} Messenaer 3 


Reaching the Fulani 

Ekklesiyar 'Vanuwa a 
Nigeria (E^'N — the Church 
of the Brethren in Nigeria) is 
reaching out w ith the gospel 
to one of the most difficult 
groups to work whh — the 
nomadic Fulani people. 

The difficulty lies not in 
the Fulani's recepti\ity to the 

Evangelist Ahdii and 
his wife. Persis. pose 
with their sons \ ictor 
and Silas (on laps), 
daughter Beatrice 
(behind her father), 
and a cousin. Denna. 

"Close to Home" hif^hlighis 
news ofcongrei-alions. districts, 
cotle^es. tiomes. and other tocal and 
regional life Send story ideas and 
photos (hlacli and while, if possible) 
to "Close to Home." Messenger. 
1451 Dundee Ave.. Elgin. IL 60120. 

gospel, but to their transient 
life as they roam the land 
with their cattle herds. 

But we are working to 
overcome this. I organized a 
seminar in each of EYN's 16 
districts, with representatives 
from each district's congre- 
gations attending. In addi- 

tion, I held a one-week 
seminar at Kulp Bible 
College for the graduating 
class. At these seminars we 
train people in ways to 
minister to the Fulani. 
In 1992, we had four 
Fulani families in baptism 
class, who readied them- 
selves to become followers of 
Christ. We hope that our 

This nomadic Fulani 
man is one of the 
members of his tribe 
to whom EYN 
evangelists have 
brought the gospel. 
The Fulani are more 
difficult to reach than 
other Nigerian tribes 
because they con- 
stantly are on the 

sisters and brothers in the 

United States will rejoice 

with us and support our 

evangelism efforts with their 


— Abdl D. Dzarma 

Ahdii D. Dzarma ts an EYN 
evangelism worker from Miihi. 

Campus comments 

The 15th annual Midwest 
Retreat for the Fellowship of 
Reconciliation (FOR) was 
held at Camp Mack, Milford, 
Ind., November 20-2 1 , 
working with the topic 
■■Reducing Racism." The 
retreat is sponsored by the 
Manchester College Peace 
Studies Institute and FOR 
groups in Fort Wayne, 
Huntington, and North 

Manchester. Ind. 

• At an October 15 ban- 
quet, McPherson College 

honored Paul Hoffman 
for his 16 years as the 
school's president. He has 
had the longest tenure in 
McPherson's history. Trib- 
utes were heard from repre- 
sentatives of the college 
board, the college commu- 
nity, McPherson community, 
the Church of the Brethren, 
Kansas Independent Col- 
leges, and Brethren Higher 

• Arun Gandhi, grandson 
of Mohandas K. Gandhi, 
spoke at Manchester 
College October 3 1 . He is 
founder of the M.K. Gandhi 
Institute for the Study of 

• The Flame Spirit Run 
made its way through 
McPherson, Kan., October 5, 
with the McPherson College 
track team accompanying the 
runners through town. 
Twelve Native American 
runners were the primary 
torch bearers on the Kansas 
to New Mexico route, one of 
four routes beginning at 
Lawrence, Kan., and fanning 
out to the borders of the 
United States. The run is a 
torch relay promoting peace 
among nations. 

• Shantilal Bhagat, of the 
Church of the Brethren 
national staff, was the 
featured speaker for Man- 
chester College's Focus 
on Faith Week, November 

1 5-2 1 . Staff for eco-justice 
and rural concerns, he gave 
his opening talk on "God and 
the Big Blue Marble." 

November 19 was Hunger 
Relief Day. with the faculty, 
staff, and students giving up 
a meal and donating the cost 
of it to Heifer Project 

4 Messenger January 1993 

International, a hunger relief 
program founded by a Man- 
chester alumnus. Dan West. 

• McPherson College 

professor of religion and 
philosophy Herb Smith has 
published an article, 
"Tillich's Tragic View of 
Life" in the 1991-92 issue of 
Harvard University Bulletin. 

• Manchester College 
marked the 30th anniversary 
of the Brethren Colleges 
Abroad (BCA) program 
November 8. Al Deeter, 
executive director of the 
program, was host for the 
celebration, which high- 
lighted the nine study sites of 
BCA. The sites are Athens, 
Greece; Barcelona, Spain; 
Cheltenham. England; 
Marburg. Germany; Nancy 
and Strasbourg, France; 
Quito, Ecuador; Dalian. 
China; and Sapporo, Japan. 

The power of a hymn 

When Pinecrest Manor 

(Mount Morris, 111.) resident 
Elizabeth Bartow watched 
TV coverage of Hurricane 
Andrew, a line of hymn 142 
in the new Hymnal came to 
her: "Sisters and brothers of 
mine are the homeless, who 
wait without shelter from 
wind and from rain." 

Those words by Ken Morse 
inspired Elizabeth to send a 
donation to help Andrew's 
victims. Her gift, in turn, 
inspired Pinecrest's other 
residents to rally to the 
cause. They gathered, sorted, 
and boxed enough relief 
goods to fill a truck, which a 
volunteer drove to Florida. 
Monetary gifts were sent to 
Brethren Disaster Services. 

"It's only a drop in the 

Pinecrest residents Mary Jane Stees and Elizabeth Bartow 
prepare relief clothing for victims of Hurricane Andrew. 

bucket," observed Pinecrest's 
director of human resources, 
Mary Lou Garrison. "But, at 
least, it's a start to filling up 
the bucket." 

A frolicsome roof job 

When Center Church of 
the Brethren, in Louisville, 
Ohio, needed a new roof, 
ways and means were the 
first concern. Moderator Pete 
Kaltenbaugh suggested what 
he called an "old-time frolic" 
(community work day). 
The result was "thrillinsz 

and amazing," according to 
co-pastor Jan Long, remark- 
ing on the time, money, 
materials, food, equipment, 
and work donated by area 
churches, businesses, and 

The Hartville congrega- 
tion gave a grant of $ 1 ,800. 
plus volunteer labor. Center 
church, with a chili supper 
and auction, raised the 
remaining funds. East 
Nimishillen Church of the 
Brethren served breakfast on 
the "Roofing Day." Free- 
burg Church of the Brethren 
helped provide lunch. 

There were work opportu- 

Putting on a roof, even in 85 -degree weather, is a job made 
easier when it is undertaken in a spirit of community . 

inties for everyone, not just 
for roofers and kitchen help. 
Volunteers toted and fetched. 
Others cleaned up trash. 
Some simply "offered the cup 
of cold water" (in 85-degree 

Now that Center's roof is 
on. one question remains for 
the congregation; What do 
they value most from the 
project — the new roof or the 
rediscovered sense of 
Christian love and unity? As 
Jan Long says, that love and 
unity leads Christians "to go 
beyond one's own agenda 
and needs to support and 
care for others in the body 
of Christ." 

Let's celebrate 

When Community Church 
of the Brethren, in Hutchin- 
son, Kan., celebrated its 75th 
anniversary in October, one 
of its activities was a tour of 
the nearby Darlow site of 
Pleasant View Church of the 
Brethren (disorganized in 
1967), of which Community 
was an offshoot. 

• Mount Morris (111.) 
Church of the Brethren 
concluded its 125th anniver- 
sary year November 1 , with 
former pastor Dean Frantz as 
guest speaker. 

• Mount Carmel Church 
of the Brethren, near Milam, 
W.Va., celebrated its lOOth 
anniversary October 4, 
featuring an all-day hymn 
sing, using the 1901 Breth- 
ren hymnal. 

• Prince of Peace Church 
of the Brethren, Sacramento, 
Calif., celebrated on Septem- 
ber 27 the 100th anniversary 
of its beginnings as a com- 
munity Sunday school. 

Januar> 1993 Messenger 5 



Marie Fortune led a 
seminar for district 
executives on the issue 
of misconduct h\ 
ministers. She is shoHii 
above at a Brethren 
meeting on "Violence 
and Abuse: Challenge 
for the Church." held 
before Annual Confer- 
ence in 1991 . 

Because the news pa^es include news from variniis 
Church nfihe Brethren orf^anizalinns and move- 
ments, the activities reported on may represent a 
variety of viewpoints. These pages also report on 
other national and international news relevant to 
Brethren. Information in news articles docs not nec- 
essarily represent the opinions o/ Messenger or the 
Church of the Brethren. 

District executives examine 
issue of clergy misconduct 

The Council of District Executives 
(CODE) discussed the issue of sexual 
abuse in ministerial relationships at a 
November 1-3 meeting in New Windsor, 
Md. The seminar was led by Marie For- 
tune, executive director of the Center for 
the Prevention of 
Sexual and Domes- 
tic Violence in 
Seattle. Wash. 

The seminar pro- 
vided a framework 
of understanding to 
prepare district ex- 
ecutives for identifi- 
cation and preven- 
tion of unethical 
conduct by minis- 
ters. The group also 
discussed the imple- 
mentation of the 
Ethics in Ministry 
paper passed at An- 
nual Conference 
(see August/Sep- 
tember, page 17 1. 

"This issue is 
really on the front 
burner in a lot of 
said Robert Fans, 
denominational consultant for ministry. 
Following the seminar, Fans met with 
the National Council of Churches' 
Professional Church Leadership unit, 
which is planning three training sessions 
in the next year for dealing with clergy 

CODE members responded positively 
to Fortune's seminar. "This was relevant 
and timely to prepare executives for 
something we'll all have to deal with at 
some point," said Carroll (Kaydo) Petry, 
South/Central Indiana executive. 

"Everyone who is working with this 
needs to have an educational component 
like Fortune's seminar in their training," 
said CODE chairwoman Pam Leinauer. 
"Our goal as CODE is to implement the 
process stated in the ethics paper in a 
way that supports and values all people 

Atlantic Northeast struggles 
witli issue of homosexuality 

At its conference in October, Atlantic 
Northeast District returned a con- 
gregation's query on homosexuality, 
but attached an amendment saying th 
district desires "to support Christ- 
centered ministry which seeks to 
help people stop practicing homo- 

The district conference returned 
the query to the West Green Tree 
Church of the Brethren, Elizabeth- 
town, Pa., at the recommendation of 
the district's Discipleship and 
Reconciliation Committee. 

"The (Discipleship and Reconcilia-i 
tion) committee is questioning 
whether the amendment can stand 


Nation" ide teleconference: "Making News 

and Sharing It: Promotion Planning for 
Congregations," designed to improve com- 
munication in the congregation, down- 
linked to 100 locations throughout the US 
[contact the General Board's communica- 
tion team. (800). ^23-80.W]. 

Interfaith IMPACT Legislative Briefing 

focusing on the impact of women and peo- 
ple of color in the new US Congress and 
administration, at the Church of the Breth- 
ren Washington (D.C.) Office. March 14- 
1 7 [contact the Washington Office, (202) 

National Campaign for a Peace Tax Fund 

legislative seminar and annual meeting, at 
the William Penn House in Washington, 
D.C. April 2 1 -23 [contact National Cam- 
paign for a Peace Tax Fund, 2121 Decatur 
Place N.W., Washington, DC 20008, 

Shenandoah District disaster response 
auction at the Rockingham County Fair- 
grounds near Harrisonburg. Va., May 21- 
22 [contact El/ie Morris. (703) 249-_34 17 
or Carlton Ruff, (703) 896-9326]. 

Camp .Swatara 50th anniversary celebra- 
tion at Camp Swatara. Bethel. Pa.. July 3- 
6 [contact Melisa Wenger, (215) 933- 

6 Messenger January 1 993 

one" when it is attached to a motion to 
turn, said chairman Mark Bushong. 
In returning the query, the district 
Uowed the action taken this year by 
nnual Conference regarding a similar 
lery from a church in Virlina District 
ee August/September, pages 17-18). 
The West Green Tree query originally 
ime to the district in 1991, asking An- 
,ial Conference "to clearly state, is the 
actice of homosexuality sin?" The dis- 
lict conference referred the query to its 
iscipleship and Reconciliation Com- 
jittee, which this year recommended 
at the query be returned. The district 
mference voted to return the query, but 
so approved by a small majority an 
nendment proposed by West Green 
iree pastor James Eikenberry. 
The full amendment follows: "In light 

of the Scriptures and the 1983 and 
1992 actions of Annual Conference 
in regard to homosexuality, we of the 
Atlantic Northeast District desire to 
support Christ-centered ministry 
which seeks to help people stop prac- 
ticing homosexuality, and we will 
not support anything which promotes 
accepting the practice of homosexual- 
ity as a lifestyle that is approved by 

The action came at the end of a 
celebrative meeting in which the dis- 
trict received four new fellowships — 
the Brooklyn Korean Church; the 
First Haitian Church of the Brethren, 
Brooklyn, N.Y.; Tempio El Aposento 
Iglesia de los Hermanos. Lancaster, 
Pa.; and Liberty Tabernacle Bible 
Fellowship, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Withdrawal of federal funds 
affects Haitian refugees 

Cuts in federal funding have caused a 
Haitian refugee resettlement program op- 
erating at the New Windsor (Md.) Ser- 
vice Center to end as of December 31. 

In November, the Justice Department 
announced the end of a program that 
provided funds for resettlement and 
services for Cuban and Haitian refugees. 
The New Windsor program was funded 
primarily by federal money. 

Most Haitians in the Brethren program 
are already employed, said refugee coor- 
dinator Donna Derr. "But no one knows 
what will happen to the single mothers 
and those with health problems that pre- 
vent them from working." Staff at New 
Windsor are looking for ways to continue 
providing services to the Haitians. 

licrofilm records survive 
itomic blast-proof fire 

rethren microfilm records stored in an 
Itomic blast-proof" vault have been 
imaged by a fire in the cave where the 
ault is located. 

The rolls of microfilm, which were 
lied with smoke and soot by the fire and 
imaged by humidity, primarily contain 
rethren Service Committee records of 
ivilian Public Service work. The 342 
5-millimeter rolls stored in the Ameri- 
Dld vault near Kansas City, Kan., also 
Dntain annual reports dating from 1921 
) 1967. 

The records center is located in a 500- 
:re limestone cave. 175 feet under- 

"The irony is that this place was where 
'e stored them for safety," said Ken 
haffer. director of the Brethren Histori- 
al Library and Archives. "An incident 
ke this lets you know how important it 
; to have two sets" of such records, 
haffer said. A second set of the micro- 
Im is located in the church archives in 
;igin. III. 

The cost of cleaning the microfilm de- 
ends on the process used. Shaffer antic- 
Mted having the microfilm retrieved 
nd cleaned by this month. 

The pre-COmmittee study committee authorized to determine if the name of the 
Church of the Brethren should be considered for change met recently in Elgin, 111. 
Members are Ruth Gunn. LaVon Rupel, Donna Ritchey Martin, Harold Bomberger, 
and Shawn Replogle. Comments or suggestions regarding a name change may be 
directed to any of the committee members or to the Annual Conference Office, 1451 
Dundee Ave.. Elein, IL 60120. 

January I'-W^ Messenaer 7 



Haitian women bathe their children and wash clothes in the capital city. Port- 
au-Prince. Haiti is one of the poorest countries in the western hemisphere. 

Haiti's suffering continues 
say Christian peacemakers 

■"Repression takes many forms under 
the present regime" in Haiti, reported 
Elaine Stoltzfus. a Mennonite from 
Ages, Ky., and one of two members of 
the Christian Peacemaker Teams to 
visit Haiti in the fall with a delegation 
from the Chicago Religious Task 

Christian Peacemaker Teams (CPT) 
is made up primarily of Brethren and 

In Haiti, "anyone can be arrested, 
beaten, jailed, or even killed without 
reason." Stoltzfus said. "Extortion is 
rampant, with people having to pay in 
order to reduce the number of blows 
they receive. If a person is discovered 
with a tract or poster with (ex-presi- 
dent Jean-Bertrand) Aristide's name 
or picture, that person will be beaten 
or killed. TTie military can enter and 
search anyone's home at will to look 
for such material." 

Since the coup that overthrew Aris- 
tide in September 1991 (see Novem- 
ber 1992, pages 19-21), over 3,000 
Haitians have died, 50,(XX) have tried 
to flee the country, and 400,(XX) are 
internal refugees, CPT said. 

"Any group that supports economic, 
p)olitical, or social change is a target 
of repression," a CPT statement said. 
"Groups larger than three in number 

are actually forbidden to meet." 

Both CPT delegates — Stoltzfus and 
Gordon Hunsberger, of St. Jacobs, 
Ontario, Canada — said the embargo 
imposed on Haiti by the Organization 
of American States is not working. 
The embargo was intended to force 
the country's new leaders to negotiate 
with Aristide, but supplies are "readi- 
ly getting through," Stoltzfus and 
Hunsberger said. Those in power are 
even taking advantage of the embargo 
to make money from inflated prices, 
they said. 

Haitians are asking for continued 
visits by North Americans, Stoltzfus 
said. "Hope increases as we return to 
our countries and testify on behalf of 
the suffering Haitian people, putting 
pressure on our governments to sup- 
port democracy," she said. 

Other CPT members have also 
traveled to Haiti in the last several 
months, including Church of the 
Brethren member Cinny Poppen, who 
also coordinated the most recent dele- 
gation. Poppen visited Haiti in June 
with a group from Pax Christi, a 
Catholic peace organization. 

"The terrible inequities resulting 
from the colonial model are at the 
root of the problems in Haiti," Poppen 
said in her report. "The people fight 
against misery and poverty, but their 
main fight is for dignity and a place 
in political life." 

Brethren worl(shop looks 
at junior high ministry 

There are only two requirements to woi 
with junior high kids, according to Da\ 
Stone. You have to love the Lord. You 
have to like kids. 

Stone, a United Methodist pastor wh( 
heads the Youth Ministries Television 
Network, was speaking at the first 
Church of the Brethren workshop on 
junior high ministry 

Sponsored by the General Board's 
youth/young adult ministry office, the 
event was planned by the junior high 
task force. About 130 Brethren attendee 
from 1 1 districts. 

"How do you want kids to see God?" 
asked Stone. Stressing the importance c 
expressing unconditional love to the 
youth, he said, "We are the curriculum. 

The emphasis should be on relating 
personally to youth rather than plannin; 
elaborate programs, according to Stone. 
For example. 70 percent of youth minis 
try should be on the youth's turf — in 
their homes or schools. 

Stone presented sobering statistics: 4( 
percent of junior high youth use drugs, 
50 percent drink regularly, and 20 per- 
cent are having sexual intercourse. 

Throughout the day-long workshop. 
Stone modeled the techniques for work- 
ing with junior highs. He had the crowd 
doing a version of the bunny hop one 
moment, and then sitting knee to knee 
listening intently to one another in smal 
groups the next. This "sandwich ap- 
proach" keeps the serious stuff sur- 
rounded by fun. and keeps the session 

Stone had advice for churches as well 
as youth leaders. "It's important for the 
church to minister to volunteers, or else 
the volunteers can't minister to the 
kids," he said. Churches can provide 
babysitting so parents can be youth lead 
ers, for instance. Congregations should 
also seek out youth leaders with as mud 
care as they seek the leaders of their ma 
jor fundraising campaigns. 

Videotapes of the workshop can be 
borrowed free from Chris Michael, 1451 
Dundee Ave., Elgin, IL 60120; (800) 

8 Messenger January 1 993 

1 .be 

Rii\ .liilinsun Luiirce Herscli Meyer 

jeneral Board, Bethany 
innounce staff changes 

!ioy Johnson, planned giving officer for 
he northeastern part of the US, has re- 
ired effective December 31. He has held 
his position since 1987. 

Lauree Hersch Meyer has resigned 
roni the faculty of Bethany Theological 
ieminary effective February 28. She has 
er\ed as professor of biblical theology 
ince 1979. 

\/linistry of Reconciliation 
}egins to set new course 

A transition committee for the Church of 
J |he Brethren Ministry of Reconciliation 
MoR) has met to "set the course of the 
ninistry for the next few years." 
' Six members of MoR and two staff 

Brethren Volunteer Service (BVS) Unit 204 completed orientation at camp fm- 

castle near Roanoke. Va. October 2?-November 14. 

Members are: (front row) Rolf Hartmann, Andrea Beck, Alice Blair, Lalena Park- 
hurst; (second row) Barb Sayler (orientation assistant), Jennifer Barr, Peter Neilson, 
Stephen Enoch. Laura Nghiem, Suzanne McKenzie, Janice Baker, Bryan Gustafson; 
(third row) Tara Mathur. Tammy Krause Riddle (orientation coordinator). Chandler 
Poling, Jeff Carter, Chris Forney, Sharon Snyder: (fourth row) Gertrud Hartmann, 
Gloria Gochenour (assistant to BVS director), Virginia Cain, Holly Kreider, Christine 
Schuetz, Jan Schrock (BVS director): (fifth row) Becky Osborne, Annika Mihr, Thia 
Howard. Marilee Warren, Sigmar Petry, Jaime Canizares, and Bob Etzweiler. 

members of the On Earth Peace Assem- 
bly met in Louisville, Ohio, to decide on 
main items to be addressed and to form 
task teams. 

'Planning the Ministry of Reconciliation's new course are Wray Nye. Enten Pfaltzgrajf 
iller. Janice Kulp Long. Phyllis Senesi. Jeff Quay. Marty Barlow, and Boh Gr{)ss. 

One team is addressing discipleship 
and reconciliation committees that deal 
with conflicts within congregations, put- 
ting together a curriculum for training 
sessions. District executives "called for 
more training opportunities," said com- 
mittee member Enten Pfaltzgraff Eller. 

A second team is preparing a Disciple- 
ship and Reconciliation Handbook to be 
distributed to the districts. The book will 
include guidelines for accountability, 
how to handle conflicts, how to do fol- 
low-up. and how to report to district ex- 
ecutives. "The handbook was needed be- 
cause districts were left on their own to 
come up with their committees," Eller 
said. "The task team has been talking 
with district executives to see what has 

Another team will deal with MoR 

MoR is also planning two tracks of 
skills training for a pre-Annual Confer- 
ence meeting this year, the first in basic 
conflict resolution skills and the second, 
more advanced track, teaching as.sess- 
ment of conflict situations using a sys- 
tems theory. 

January 199} Messenger 9 

The Church of England voted in November to ordain women to 
the pnesthood. The "historic" vote was considered by opponents to be 
a break with tradition and the Scriptures. Supporters said it represents 
new life and hope. The vote ends a 20-year struggle by supporters of 
women's ordination, said Episcopal News Service. 

Reports of torture and abuse in Afhcan National Con- 
gress-controlled detention camps have been received with "regret and 
sorrow" by the World Council of Churches. "None of this affects the re- 
lationship between the ANC and the churches," said WCC head Emi- 
lio Castro, who added that the churches have never fully approved of 
everything the ANC does. The abuse "cannot be condoned no matter 
what the circumstances are," said the South African Council of 
Churches. ANC president Nelson Mandela said the ANC accepts re- 
sponsibility for the abuses, but said they must be understood "in the 
context in which they occurred" and did not say whether the ANC 
would purge wrongdoers from leadership. 

The reform of social welfare policies in the US is the goal of a 
new interfaith effort by the National Council of Churches, the Syna- 
gogue Council of America, and the US Catholic Conference. The ef- 
fort is called "The Common Ground for the Common Good." 


>/'%Vi)ir) -19^^ 

Heifer Project 
founder Dan West's 
grandson, Daniel 
West, was intro- 
duced at 50tti anni- 
versary celebrations 
by HP! executive 
director Thomas 
Hemptiill. wtio has 
since resigned. Jo 
Luck Cargile is 
Heifer Project's 
interim director. 

Daniel West, grandson of Heifer Project international (HPI) 
founder and Brethren hero Dan West, was introduced at HPI's 50th 
anniversary kick-off last year. Celebrations will continue through 1994 
The entire Dan West family attended the event, including his widow, 
Lucy West Rupel, and his daughter. Brethren Volunteer Service direc- 
tor Jan Schrock. "I think this heifer may be the cow that jumped over 
the moon!" Rupel said . Following in his father's footsteps, Steve Wes 
has begun work as HPI director for the southwest region of the US. 

The VISN network challenges 
new cable television law 

.A complaint has been tiled in a US dis- 
trict court against the Cable Television 
Consumer Protection and Competition 
Act by the Vision Interfaith Satellite Net- 
work (VISN). 

In a First Amendment challenge, 
VISN claims the new law requires that 
cable systems carry local religious tele- 
vision stations. Because cable systems 
have a limited capacity, the law may 
force VISN and other religious networks 
off the air. 

VISN claims its "ability to disseminate 
its diverse religious message will be lim- 
ited and reduced solely by reason of gov- 
ernmental regulation." 

Tlie network is sponsored by a coali- 
tion of 28 groups representing 54 differ- 
ent denominations and faiths, including 
the Church of the Brethren. 

VISN also recently joined the Ameri- 
can Christian Television System (ACTS) 
on a single cable television channel. 
.^CTS is owned and operated by the 
Southern Baptist Convention. 

The new channel, called VISN-ACTS, 
the Faith and Values Channel, reaches 

more than 20 million households. The 
two networks program separate times on 
the new channel. 

Bible study emphasizes 
diversity andinclusion 

A new Bible study for the People of the 
Covenant program focuses on ethnic di- 
versity and inclusion in the church. 

"Many Cultures: One in Christ" will 
be available in February. The 10-session 
study is "a very special, one-of-a-kind re- 
source," said June Gibble, General Board 
staff for congregational nurture. "It is the 
spring Bible study for People of the Cov- 
enant, but its importance extends well 
beyond the Covenant program." 

The study grows out of the 1989 An- 
nual Conference paper on "Inclusion of 
Ethnics in the Church of the Brethren." 
Writers are Stephen Breck Reid, Julie 
Garber. LaTauyna Bynum, Phillip Hoyle, 
Donald Miller, Frank Ramirez. Charles 
Kwon, and Olga Serrano. 

The cost is $4.95; for 12 or more, a 
20-percent discount applies. Order from 
Brethren Press, (800) 441-3712. 

Brethren give $38,000 in aid 
following storms, earthquake 

An Emergency Disaster Fund grant of 
$20,000 has been given in response to 
hurricane damage in Hawaii, for disas- 
ter assessment and 22 workers who carec 
for over 1,200 children. 

In response to an earthquake in Egypt, 
a grant of $10,000 was made to assist 
4,500 families who lost their homes. 

A grant of $8,000 was given to a long- 
term project to rebuild hoines damaged 
by tornadoes in Pinellas Park, Fla. 

Hurricane Andrew rebuilding 
project declared long-term 

Three months after Hurricane Andrew 
hit Florida and Louisiana, Brethren dis- 
aster coordinator Donna Derr identified 
relief work there as a long-term project. 

Rebuilding of homes will continue 
indefinitely in Dade County, Fla., and 
Franklin, La. The child care program 
ended with 8 workers caring for 500 
children in Louisiana, and 92 workers 
caring for over 5,000 children in Florida 

10 Messenger January 1993 


jetting to know each other: 

3ethany board meets at Earlham 

y Eric B. Bishop 

;arly 300 miles southeast of its Oak 
ook. 111., campus. Bethany Theological 
minary's Board of Trustees held its 
)vember meeting on the campus of 
rlham College in Richmond. Ind. It 
;t independently and in joint sessions 
th the Board of Advisors from the 
rlham School of Religion (ESR). 
The Bethany board acted on a proposal 
yarding its new building on the ESR 
mpus and the sale of the seminary's 
ik Brook property. Much of the 
;cussion in the board meeting was 
ne with the realization that the 
cisions will affect many of the ques- 
ns, concerns, and needs for Bethany's 
)ve to Richmond, and affiliation with 
rlham School of Religion in 1994. 
Joint Meeting. The Bethany board 
Id a joint meeting with the ESR Board 

of Advisors to "get to know each other" 
and discuss joint interests. Together they 
talked of the commonalities and differ- 
ences of the two bodies. Members of both 
groups expressed the need and impor- 
tance of each seminary to be a place of 
community. Together they worked 
through the new architectural program, 
the need for residential housing for the 
students of both schools, and the begin- 
ning stages of a cultural study of the two 
groups. "The purpose of the cultural 
study is to describe and understand each 
place, to understand each other and 
each other's heritage." said consultant 
George Kuh. 

New Building. Following a presenta- 
tion of plans, and a raising of questions 
and concerns, authorization was given by 
the board for "the (Bethany) administra- 
tion, with the approval of the Executive 
Committee and legal counsel, to negoti- 

ate and enter into a contract for architec- 
tural services." 

The architect. Gerald Harley of 
Harley-Hollmann Associates, plans for 
detailed drawings to be ready this month. 
The program calls for a building of 
approximately 19.000 square feet 
adjacent to the ESR classroom building. 

A house sitting on the development 
site currently is the home for some ESR 
students and would need to be moved or 
demolished. Student representatives from 
both schools made this a major concern 
by raising the question of losing their 
community environment. Dick Wood, 
president of Earlham. said that there was 
a previous commitment to move the 
house, and that it would not interfere 
with Bethany's plans. During the 
discussion, it was pointed out by some 
board members that Bethany's new 
location also could benefit students 

thany Seminary' s board chairman. Lowell Flory. and president. Gene Roop. talk with ESR's dean. Andy Grannell. 

January 1993 Messenaerll 

working with a Richmond-area congre- 
gation who ma\ desire to live near their 
congregation and commute to Bethany. 

After doing preliminary measure- 
ments and holding discussions with both 
schools, Harley presented a schedule of 
costs, space, and time for constructing 
the Bethany building. He said there is a 
time crunch in having the building ready 
for its fall 1994 opening. The Board 
agreed to move ahead into the design 

Following discussion of the value of 
owning or leasing the building, the board 
created a committee to negotiate an 
agreement with Earlham College to 
provide for the real estate necessary to 
build on the ESR campus. 

Capital Bonds. Bethany's board 
authorized, following much discussion, 
its Financial and Business Affairs 
Committee to explore the following 
alternatives to finance the relocation to 
Richmond, and construction costs: "The 
sale of appro.ximately S4 million of 
capital appreciation bonds, including 
costs of issuance, at the optimum rate of 
interest, with a 10-year maturity, callable 
in five years, secured by the Oak Brook 
property, and marketed to a) any combi- 
nation of qualified Brethren individuals, 
institutions and/or agencies: and/or b) 
the over-the-counter market if required." 

Tlie board also authorized exploration 
of "other means of financing that would 
provide similar benefits to Bethany 
Theological Seminary at lower costs." 
The committee had explored both capital 
appreciation bonds and current interest 
bonds, and judged that capital apprecia- 
tion bonds were in the best interest of the 
seminary. The capital raised will give the 
seminary the necessary' financing to 
complete its relocation until the sale of 
the Oak Brook property. 

In other business, the board worked on 
a capital fundraising campaign. Alford, 
Ver Schave. and Associates recom- 
mended as part of a feasibility study that 
the school 1) initiate a President's 
Advisory Council to enhance the number 
and scope of leadership opportunities at 
the highest level; 2) enhance and 
broaden the current Area Council struc- 
ture to develop closer ties to constituent 
groups and to penetrate the church's 

1 2 Messenger January 1993 

grass roots; 3) intensify communications 
throughout the denomination to build a 
better understanding of Bethany and 
enthusiasm for ensuring its success; 
4) organize a strong program of peer-to- 
peer cultivation and solicitation to raise 
the sights of major donor prospects; 
and 5) strengthen internal resource 
development systems and procedures to 
create more personal approaches and to 
focus resources on highly strategic 
activity with key prospects and 
constituent groups. 

Also approved was a charter state- 
ment, a 1993 budget, and an opening for 
a director of Bethany's new Susquehanna 
Valley Satellite. Other recommendations 
approved by the board included a long- 
range educational plan and a shift of the 
administrative center of Bethany 
Academy from the Parish Ministries 
Commission of the General Board to the 


. cting on recommendations from the 
Financial and Business Affairs Commit- 
tee, the board authorized the treasurer to 
transfer funds to the Brethren Founda- 
tion for investment and management. It 
also decided not to the price of 
tuition for the 1993-94 academic year. 
Graduation fees were raised to approxi- 
mately $65 to cover costs, and student 
housing fees were raised. A dormitory 
room will go from $176 a month for 
1992-93 to $183 in 1993-94. The 1992- 
93 tuition had already been increased 
1 1 .3 percent over the previous year. 

A mission statement was also adopted 
by the board, which reads in part: 
"Bethany Theological Seminary as a 
graduate school and academy seeks to 
prepare people for Christian ministry 
and to educate those called to witness to 
the gospel of Jesus Christ in the cities 
and communities of the world. Bethany's 
educational program bears witness to the 
beliefs, heritage, and practices of the 
Church of the Brethren in the context of 
the whole Christian tradition." Among 
its values and goals, it lists "Bethany 
Theological Seminary features the 
Brethren testimonies of peace, justice, 
community, reconciliation, service, and 


by Eric B. Bishop 

Bethany Theological Seminary is mo' 
forward. Forward to Richmond. Ind., 
where in the fall of 1994 it will open 
doors to students in a new location — i 
that affiliates the seminary with the 
Earlham School of Religion (ESR) or 
the campus of Earlham College. It's i 
location that will offer greater contaci 
with Brethren congregations. 

"Is it a new Bethany or Bethany in 
new place?" is one of the most asked 
questions, said one of the consultants 
performing a cultural study of the twc 

"We will be working to ensure that 
the education process continues to 
ground Church of the Brethren studei 
in their own heritage and prepare the 
for ministry in the denomination," sa 

Rick Gardner, in addition to sening < 
dean of Bethany Seminary, continues 
director of ministry training on the 
Church of the Brethren national stafj 

Rick Gardner, academic dean. "One i 
the most exciting features of the movi 
the opportunity for the seminary to ha 
a closer relationship with congregatiw 
and that will help strengthen ministrf 
Along with Bethany's physical mo' 

f a journey 

ere will be curricular changes and 
her adjustments. A joint cuiriculum 
ill be in place allowing students to 
(OSS-register for courses from each 
jminary. The affiliation brings with it 
lared resources and services at several 
Ivels including the curriculum, library 
jsources. and some administrative 
Irvices that will be done jointly. 
"The resources of Earlham will be very 
'Ipful. and will strengthen the overall 
ademic program," said Gardner. "In 
ildition, the fact that we are both peace 
!iurches — two of the three historic peace 
lurches — may open the door for a joint 
rogram in peace studies." 
' Gardner also indicated that there is 
down side to the move to Richmond. 
iVe will lose some of the richness of 
le Chicago metropolitan area, including 
^ cultural diversity and the resources of 
e Chicago-area theological schools." 
; said. "We will need to be much more 
itentional in building a multi-cultural 
"ogram in the Richmond-Dayton 
Dhio) area." 

ESR was one of four schools looked at 
y the committee before the selection. As 
Quaker school. ESR shares some 
milar values, such as the idea of respect 
f other views and traditions. Both 
;hools are roughly the same size, and 
ethany will not be swallowed up as it 
Duld be by a larger school. Each school 
an relate to the other with mutual 
ispect and trust. And Earlham is located 
latively close to a number of Church of 
le Brethren congregations. 
The Richmond Church of the Brethren 
i about a mile from the campus, 
ogether, South/Central Indiana and 
outhem Ohio Districts have 1 13 
ongregations. Two committees are in 
lace to form the relationship with the 
istricts. The Joint Educational Program 
-ommittee is designed to work on how 
le churches and districts will get 
ivolved in the program, for example, 
le courses to be taught in the congrega- 
lons, and field education. The Joint 
'Upport Committee's role is to help 

welcome the Bethany community to 
Richmond. It will be assisting with find- 
ing jobs and housing and helping the 
people of Bethany get settled in. 

The specific relationship with congre- 
gations is still being worked out. "There 
will be a high degree of interaction 
between the seminary and the congrega- 
tions." said Gardner. 

Left behind will be the property in Oak 
Brook, III. The land and buildings that 
currently house the seminary will be 
sold. The Charles H. Shaw Company has 
been hired to market the land and 
oversee the sale. 

Taken along to Richmond from the 
Oak Brook property will be library re- 
sources such as books that are special to 
the Brethren. These include works on the 
denomination's background. The historic 
chapel windows will also be moved, 
along with cornerstones, and some of the 
furniture. Still to be determined are the 
disposition of the bell tower, chapel 
furniture, and other library books. 

To finance the move and the construc- 
tion costs, the Board of Trustees of 
Bethany has authorized the exploration 
the sale of $4 million in Capital Appre- 

Mapping out Bethany's 
move to Richmond, 
Ind., is a chore filled 
with decisions. Whafs 
being built? What's 
being taken along? 
And what's being left 

No one argues about which will he the 
closest Church of the Brethren congre- 
gation to the "new Bethany." It's 
Richmond, just a stone's throw from the 
campus. The districts of South/Central 
Indiana and Southern Ohio have over 
16.000 members, with 58 congregations 
located within a 90-minute drive from 
Richmond. Indianapolis and Dayton, 
each with an international airport and 
educational resources, are within an 
hour's drive. 

Januiirv \99} Messenger 13 

elation Bonds. It is estimated that the 
cost of the relocation will range between 
S4.5 and S5 million, including the 
construction of the new building. 

The Richmond facility is projected to 
be approximately 19.000 square feet and 
will be adjacent to the ESR building. It 
will house classrooms, faculty offices, 
meeting rooms, a chapel, administrative 
and support staff offices, storage space, 
and workroom facilities. Gerald Harley 
of Harley-Hollmann Associates has been 
hired by the board to design and con- 
struct the building. Harley plans to have 
detailed drawings ready this month. 

One area that has raised concern from 
members of both Bethany and ESR is 
residential housing. Since ESR has only 
one house for residential students, many 
live in the community and rent space. 
The Lawrence House now sits in the 
space to be occupied by the Bethany 
building. Earlham College President 
Richard Wood told the boards of both 
seminaries that there was a previous 
commitment to move the house and that 
it would not affect the plans. 

Bethany "won't be (residential) in 
the sense it is here (at Oak Brook), with 
our own set of buildings," said Gardner. 
"We and ESR will try to identify student 
housing in the area to help work at 
the sense of community our current 
residences have." 

A challenge at Earlham will be to 
keep "community" alive. Gardner 
indicated that community is highly 
valued at the Oak Brook campus and 
that it will be just as important in 
Richmond. "The challenge is to design 
experiences to bring together the very 
diverse student body." 

The transfer of faculty to the Rich- 
mond area is also an issue that is still 
undecided. Tfie faculty size is anticipated 
to be the same. TTie administration 
expects that several of the present faculty 
members will move with the seminary, 
while several are still undecided. It is 
also foreseen that administrative staff 
will be reduced. 

One goal of the move and affiliation 
is to alleviate Bethany's current financial 
burden as a free-standing institution. In 
its preliminary figures, the projected 

budget for the first year of operation in 
Richmond could be 20-27 percent less 
than the 1992-93 budget. 

It is projected that the majority of 
students moving with Bethany will be 
Church of the Brethren students. While 
this will show a reduction in income, it 
is believed that the reduction in operat- 
ing expenses will be larger than the 
income reduction. 

The institution will assist students 
from other denominations and students 
not planning to move with Bethany to 
complete their studies at other Chicago- 
area seminaries. According to Gardner, 
one factor that will play a role is the 

point where these students are in their 
academic program. "We're advising 
them, being clear about our decision to 
move and what it will mean in their 
curricular program," he said. "If they 
are planning to stay (in the Chicago 
area), we will look at other catalogs as 
references, so their work at Bethany 
will transfer." 

Faculty members consider themselves 1 
already in a transition time and are 
trying to complete the current programs! 
while developing new ones. The first 
couple of years in Richmond are antici- 
pated to be a testing time 
for the seminary. 


14 Messenger January 1993 


US 40 

»hoto \ 

)eIow: The 

irea left of the 

.tone building 

ESR classrooms) is 

he new seminary site >. 

m the extreme northeast \ 

•orner of the Earlham 

campus. The frame building 

Will be removed, and the new 

3ethan\ building erected on the site 

jy the fall of 1994. 

X Photo below taken at this point 


Januarv 1993 Messenger 15 

Can anyone still 
the dream? 

by Robert E. Bums 

We thought we had solved the problem. 
A whole host of problems. The United 
States Congress had passed the Civil 
Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting 
Rights Act of 1965; and the orchestrator 
of that historic legislation, the first 
president of the United States from the 
South in this century, Lyndon Johnson.i 
thrilled many Americans when he 
concluded a television address with 
the words, "We shall overcome!" 
Ten years after the Supreme 
Court had outlawed segregatio! 
in public schools, racial j 

barriers were falling every- | 
where in the nation. US i 
citizens, many of whom had 
shown little concern in the 
struggle for racial equality, 
watched with revulsion tb 
televised pictures of 
children and others beinj 
beset by attack dogs and 
knocked to the ground 
by fire hoses for 
demonstrating peace- 
fully against racial 
injustice. Most US 
citizens were shocked 
when, in their living 
rooms, they witnessed 
the brutal spectacle of 
mounted policemen 
brutally clubbing men ano 
women peacefully trying t 
cross the Edmund Pettus 
Bridge in Selma, Ala., to 
begin a march to 

1 6 Messenger January 1993 

lie state's capital. 

i This 1960s struggle was sanctified by 
; e blood of martyrs in the cause — four 
rls in a bombed Birmingham, Ala., 
lurch; three student voting-rights 
j-ganizers in Mississippi; Detroit 
i3usewife Viola Lizzo; civil-rights 
ader Medgar Evers; and, of course, 
llartin Luther King Jr. But this battle 
'as won, wasn't it? 
True, in 1968 a commission of 
iStinguished citizens had comprehen- 
ively studied race relations in the US 
id concluded that the country remained 
wo nations, black and white." But the 
erner Commission lauded the great 
.ogress that had been made in a little 
ore than two decades. None were 
lolish enough to suggest that legisla- 
pn, no matter how effective, could 
urge racial bias and bigotry from 
jnian hearts. But we were on our 
ay to a new era of racial harmony, 
leren't we? 

I Yet, 25 years after these ground- 
leaking accomplishments, the evidence 
'" racial prejudice, whites against blacks 
id blacks against whites, continues to 
|)ound. Racial bigotry has changed its 
jiape during the years that racism has 
;en declared out of bounds. Where once 
! was considered acceptable to assume 
e superiority of whites and the inferior- 
/ of blacks and act accordingly, it is 
icessary today to impute "reasons" for 
cial prejudice however spurious they 
ay be. But the old racial stereotypes, we 
)w realize, never really disappeared. 
tiey merely went underground. 
In an incredibly enlightening book 
led simply Race, veteran reporter 
uds Terkel probes and lays bare the 
iture of the American racial psyche, 
ibtitled "How Blacks and Whites Think 

and Feel about the American Obsession," 
Terkel's book is a compilation of 
interviews with US citizens of both races. 
And how accurate his word ohsession is. 

I find it hard to believe that any white 
US citizen could read Race without 
profiting from it. In view of the fact that 
xenophobia, fear of foreigners, is almost 
always a constituent element in racial 
prejudice, the views of people whose skin 
color differs from their own seem 
certain, at least, to open their eyes. 

I don't know how black readers will 
react when they read what some white 
citizens have to say about them. I've 
often thought that if I were black in the 
United States, I would be a bomb 
thrower. It's fortunate, I guess, that 
nearly all black citizens are far more 
patient with injustice that confronts them 
every day than I think I would be. But 
they must be outraged nevertheless. Even 
so, readers of Terkel's book, whatever 
their color, are likely to come away 
feeling that they know some people on 
the other side of the racial fence better 
than before. 

Oome students of our society are 
puzzled (as am I) by the bitterness of 
racially bigoted expression often heard 
today. In the recent past verbal bigotry, 
more often than not, was reserved for 
interchange with like-minded people. 
Today there is a boldness to such 
expression that one commentator, using 
a basketball metaphor, calls "in your face 
racism." We could argue that this is less 
hypocritical, but that would be .self- 
delusive — akin to saying an ax murderer 
is less hypocritical than one who 
insinuates arsenic into the cheese dip of 
his victim. (Hypocrisy, of course, still 

reigns in the political arena where code 
words loaded with racial implications 
can prove eminently useful to a candi- 
date for public office.) 

I noted the unquestioned fact that no 
legislation can root out racial bias and 
bigotry from human hearts. And while 
legislation guaranteeing rights is 
necessary to protect citizens from the 
bigoted actions of others, we surely 
cannot be satisfied that this is enough. 

So we look to our schools and to our 
churches. What can schools do to change 
the views that students bring to their 
classrooms from their homes and. to a 
lesser extent, from their peer groups. 
Teachers, assuming they are open- 
minded, could shed light on the xeno- 
phobia that their pupils often carry with 
them. And they could destroy, or at least 
wound, the racial stereotypes by dousing 
them with facts showing that stereotypes 
are always wrong. The task of our 
churches is both simpler and more 
difficult. Simpler because the teaching of 
all religions is "love thy neighbor" and 
that every person created by God in 
God's own image is irreducibly precious, 
worthy of our greatest respect. But 
difficult, too, because in some places, a 
homilisi who broaches the subject of 
racial prejudice — even in discussing the 
outcast Samaritan — will almost be able 
to hear the gears in the minds of many 
congregants clicking into "Park." 

No one, however, promised those 
who preach, teach, or merely ruminate 
publicly a rose garden. Some would 
call it a dirty job but someone, IaJT] 
please God, has got to do it. I J 

Robert E. Burns is a conrrihiiliiig editor u/'US 
Cattiolic./)V)m which this article is reprinted, »ith 

Januarv IW3 Messenger 17 

C. Kermtt Phelps told confcrencciiocrs in the opening plenary that age 
itself does not have a negative connotation. 

Springtime in the heart: 

National Older Adult Conference 

by Eric Bishop 

It was set against the autumn backdrop 
of North Carolina's Great Smoky 
Mountains. TTie participants hiked two 
and a half miles around the lake. They 
hiked up hill to the Lambuth Inn (one of 
two hotels set up for the conference), to 
an apartment complex, and camp 
ground. They came by car. bus. plane, 
and motorhome. They sang, danced, 
reminisced, told stories, attended wor- 
ship and workshops, listened to forums 
and plenaries, and above all had a good 
time. TTie average age was not 17, but 
70. "Youth is a work of nature, but old 
age is a work of art." said LaVon Rupel, 
while leading Wednesday's plenary. 
"How old would you be, if you did not 
know how old you are?" 

18 Messenger January 1993 

They went away five days later 
confident that they are not obsolete in the 
Church of the Brethren. They believe 
that they still provide input, as well as 
have an obligation to impart to tomor- 
row's leaders the wisdom and experi- 
ences of today's. They left feeling that 
they are very important in the life and 
mission of the church. 

Once, accidentally (though somewhat 
appropriately), the event was called the 
National Youth Conference. In contrast 
it was the first National Older Adult 
Conference (NOAC), held this past 
October. It was described by some as a 
mini-Annual Conference. 

The "Yes to Years" theme was most 
fitting for the 621 older adults converg- 
ing on the Methodist retreat center in 
Lake Junaluska, N.C. Many had been 

there previously, for the 1958 National 
Youth Conference. The statement of 
purpose easily fulfilled its goal of 
"getting together to Celebrate Relation- 
ships. Stimulate Personal Growth, and 
Affirm Our Place in Church and Soci- 
ety." The conference was co-sponsored 
by the Association of Brethren 
Caregivers and the Church of the 
Brethren General Board. 

A number of workshops were designee 
to discuss the aging process and life as 
an older adult. A major focus of the 
conference was health care. The discus- 
sion centered around a forum discussiom 
and several of the workshops. The foruni 
panel projected various points of view — 
of the patient, the hospital administratoii 
the physician, and the legislator. 

According to David Fouts, a physician 

|i Lutherville, Md.. there are 37 million 
jeople in the US who are uninsured or 
nderinsured. "Fifty-million people have 
overage that would leave them bankrupt 
1 the case of a major illness." 
Currently it is estimated that 12 
,ercent of America's people are 65 years 
:id or older. By the year 2030, 21 
ercent of the population will spring into 
iiat category. "During World War II, 
'hen the price of butter went up, 
ousewives banded together and decided 
) use oleo." said C. Kermit Phelps 
unng the opening plenary session, 
iscussing the current generation of baby 
loomers who will begin turning 65 in 
le year 2000. "TTie use of oleo went up 
iree times, and so did the birth rate." 
I While there were no age requirements 
ut on attending NOAC, the unofficial 
ord was "if you feel like you should be 
|ere, then you should come." The ages 
lanned five decades. One estimate, 
king the number of registrants with the 
>erage age of 70. calculated that there 
ere 42,000 years of wisdom and 
Kperience at the conference. 
I "We may have old voices, but we have 
'Tiazingly young hearts," said Patricia 
elman during one worship. Inflexible, 
1, and feeble failed to show up at the 
jnference as many of the participants 
ere up and about at 6:30 a.m. to "Meet 
'le New Day" (a range of activities from 
[leditation and Bible study to Tai Chi 
\ercise and hiking). 
During the day a number of special 
iiterest groups met and discussed topics 
mging from long-term care insurance, 
'lanned giving, managing chronic pain 
'id/or depression, to whittling, and 
<how and tell." 

' "We are a youth-oriented culture in 
hich old and obsolete have almost 
icome synonymous," said Rupel. 
nflexible, ill, old-fashioned, feeble are 
1 stereotypes of old in television and 
Ivertising. Growth is a gift, like health 
! a gift. Eighty-five percent of people 
Jtween 65-74 report being very happy, 
hile the 1 8-25 year-olds are at the 
Jttom of the list." 
"We had some older people who 
ought they were done," said one 


Above: The get-acquainted time allowed Mattie Jackson of Dayton. Ohio, and 
Raymond Hoover from Goshen. Ind.. about two minutes to withdraw information from 
each other. 

Below: A host of Brethren authors turned out for a hook signing. Emmert Bittinger 
autographs his Brethren in Transition, and Bill Eherly autographs The Complete 
Writinas of Alexander Mack. 

Januan 1993 Messenger 19 

participant. "When I get back, I'm going 
to say Yes! ^'esl ^'esl" 

In an open forum, a number of issues 
were raised by conferencegoers. such as 
leadership, health care, and racism. 
They expressed a number of concerns 
as they looked to their future vision of 
the Church of the Brethren. These 
concerns included bringing .African- 
Americans into the church, and dealing 
with the chansinc ase structure of the 


Also addressed were the need to 
challenge youth and young people, to 
learn to be more faithful stewards and to 
adequately commit resources, to learn to 
ask. to emphasize prayer, and to move 
people from rural areas to the cities and 
from north to south to help with new 
church de\ elopment. Issues raised by the 
group included the name of the church, 
and the support of the group in calling 

out leadership and training people to 
become leaders. By the end. there was ai 
air of confidence that these concerns anc 
others could be addressed by the church i 
at large and worked out. 

Many of those in attendance were so 
enthusiastic, they want to hold NOAC 
every two years. Of the 434 conference- 
goers who turned in evaluations, 223 
want the conference more often than 
every four years. The conference plan- 
ning committee will take those evalua- 
tions into account when planning the 
next NOAC. 

As the leaves began to fall indicating 
the change in season, it was springtime 
in the hearts of those who attended this 
year's conference. And to this group of 
"older adults," the next NOAC 
can hardly come too soon. 

Left: Herta Freitag of Roanoke. Va.. 
engages John Young ofWest Chicago. 
111., in conversation while the two whitth 
away their blocks of wood during one oj 
the .special interest groups. Below: Tic 
Tac Toe from seven feet away was easy 
for Robert Seese of Delphi. Ind.. during 
an evening of games. 


20 Messenger January 1 993 

Invitation to praise 

by Charles Klingler 


I praise fathomless goodness and power: for I think they have brought 

The cosmos, which overawes us. to its ah! so auspicious state. 

No more than two score bilHons of earth-years have passed, it is thought. 

Since the germ of all matter, all light, all time, all motion, all fate. 

All freedom burst forth into flower, into tlower. into flower, into flower. 

Not soon, I am sure, will it close its chiaroscuro petals. 

It spreads — as space itself spreads — encroaching on nothing. Hour 

By hour it veers into vortices, gathers in globules. Metals. 

Nonmetals squeeze from the brightness, grow colder, separate, harden. 

Gases and moisture arise, tease down the hardness to soil — 

Or rather, at first, to sand, which may then sustain a garden. 

Whose flowers are sprung up by the winding down of the untlower's coil. 

Its growth and decay bemuse us: We are of its kind. 

We are a final fruit of it (how could we doubt of it?): Mind. 


I wonder if mind has appeared where never before mind was. 

From the blind need of a blind force to be understood: 

Or if it was there, in whatever beginning, as will and as cause. 

And is there throughout, as mover, observer, declarer of good. 

I mock myself if I say that the universe is a mirror. 

In which the order I see is my own mind's mere reflection. 

That way, followed too far, lie loneliness and terror. 

I dream of a sure way back from the brink of such dejection. 

The panorama of nature is itself, I think, sublime — 

A thought which itself can save from this-and-that thought which oppress. 

And you may not take it amiss (especially when you guess 

That the latest folds — and those at the heart — of the tlower of time 

Are the human face and form, and love's all-explaining gaze) 

If one should invite you to (it would be life and light to you!) praise. 

Charles Klingler is a professor of English at Manchester College. North Manchester. Intl. 

Januar\ \993 Messenaer 21 

The long march is over, but memories linger (above) of a 
war so bridal that comrades were used as cannon fodder. 
As bakers, the maimed turn out 200 loaves of bread daily 
in an oven converted from an ant mound. 

Refugees o 

by Howard E. Royer 

"Caution: 16,000 children ahead." 

The sign at the guardpost to one of East Africa' 
newest settlements is both commanding and beguil- 
ing. To begin with, "children" in this instance is not 
the usual mix of the young 
Twelve thousand of th 
"children" are boys, the 
majority ages 12 to 20, whi 
^^^^ either were separated from 
jjjjglfr" family by the civil war in 
their home country of 
Sudan, or who were lured 
awav bv what was billed as 

• ' ' ' 

"special education." The 
-! education, as it turned out, 
was heavily militaristic. 

Even more, some of the youth were deployed 
into combat, if not as soldiers, as mine detectors. Th 
number and nature of their wounds testify to front- 
line action. 

After a thousand-mile, five-year march across 





40 KPH 

le rebound 

lUthem Sudan, into Ethiopia, and back to Sudan. 
te group arrived last May at Kakuma Refugee 
amp in northwest Kenya, south of the Sudan 
)rder. Their next move, if given a choice, is for a 
easure of stability in their nomadic lives. 

How shall the minors, as the wandering band is 
.lied, be encouraged to relate to outsiders across 
Ibal cultures? Or to their own families if they can 
■ found? What in civilian life shall replace their 
ilitary adventurism? As to the future, on what shall 
eir lives be focused? And where? 

These are underlying issues for the Lutheran 
orld Federation, which is managing Kakuma 
.;fugee Camp on behalf of the United Nations High 
'iDmmissioner for Refugees. It is a coordinating role. 
Lirkuig with a whole lexicon of non-govemnmental 
, encies. Church World Serv ice among them. 

Church World Service's contributions to 
aikuma in 1992 totaled $310,000. The money, 
ijcluding $15,000 from the Church of the Brethren 
mergency Disaster Fund, was used to purchase 
I'ankets for the total camp population of 20.000. It 
oo provided grist mills for grinding com. sewing 

For the Sudanese youth, new and creative eneri;u's are 
directed to such vocational skills as construction and 
plastering (above) and to learning and performing the 
music and dances of their respective tribal groups. 

Kakuma is home to Omar Iza: Ossman. a Muslim, and 
his nephew Abas (above) and Omar's wife. Nadia Miisa, 
a Christian. .\s tailors. Omar and Nadia teach others to 
sew on machines provided by Church World Sen-ice. 

machines for classes in tailoring, and cooking 
utensils and water jugs for every household. 

One small group of young men is training as 
bakers. Others are training in carpentry, gardening, 
construction, and tailoring. The target is for 
Kakuma's refugees to gain practical skills and 
experience for living outside the camp. 

As to educational levels, only one of the 17 
schools in the camp extends beyond the primary 
grades. For older teens, being pitted against much 
younger children frequently proves discouraging 
when it comes to learning readiness. Camp leaders 
continually evaluate the most helpful way of group- 
ing the boys, especially the 3,000 under 12. 

Uncertainty surrounds the role of "the teachers'^ 
who accompanied the boys on the long march. 
Likely aligned with Sudan's rebel forces, the men 
may still have military designs on the boys. 
Kakuma"s leaders work to offset such influence. 

For example, the boys are encouraged to 
discover their cultural roots by performing the musl 
and dances of their respective tribal groups. Sunday 
afternoons are given to mass celebrations. 

Much of Kakuma's population is of Christian 

24 Messenger January 1993 

rientation. TTie Anglican congregation in the camp 
laims 6,500 adherents. Other congregations are 
'resbyterian Church in Sudan, Roman Catholic, and 
udan Interior Mission. 

The refugees have their own infrastructure, 
eaded by Daniel Deng Dau Deng, himself a refugee 
3r 10 years. Deng, 32. is a victim of war, having 
)st a leg in aerial bombardment in Sudan as a 
outh. Married and the father of three. Deng strives 
amestly to relate to the minors and to deal with the 
onflicts that arise in the camp. "We are not all one,' 
e makes clear. His goal is to keep the Kakuma 
lommunity "working in peace" and taking increas- 
ig responsibility for its own future. 

The 57 sub-communities in which the minors 
id adults are formed are busily engaged in con- 
ructing more durable housing, schools, community 
:nters, and training centers. An entrepreneurial 
lirit is catching fire. 

No one knows whether the southern Sudanese 
lill be encamped in Kenya 10 months or 10 years, 
owever long, due to strong support internationally 
id determined leadership internally, 
.akuma's refugees are on the rebound. 


Encfliiragint; the refugees to govern their own life and 
In take advantage of training opportunities is Kakuma' s 
refugee chair Daniel Deng Dau Deng (above). Below, a 
tribal group builds its own community center. 

January 199.^ Messencer 25 

by Robin 
Wentworth App 

Stepping Stones is a column offering 
suggestions, perspectives, and 
opinions — snapshots of life — that ne 
hope are helpful to readers in their 
Christian journey As the writer said 
in her first installment. "Remember, 
when it comes to managing life's 
difficulties, we don't need to walk on 
water. We just need to learn where 
the stepping stones are. " 


My son loves cut-out 
Christmas cookies. I love 
them too . . . when somebody 
else makes them. 

Don't get me wrong, I 
enjoy baking. And I'm all 
for holiday traditions. But I 
just don't possess the 
patience, skill, or large 
blocks of unscheduled time 
needed for the additional 
energy, finesse, and fussiness 
that cut-out cookies require. 

1 also don't possess, 
however, the emotional 
fortitude to resist two big, 
shining brown eyes and an 
angelic "Please, Mom?" So, 
once again this Christmas, 
we tackled the task of cut-out 

What makes the project 
doubly frustrating for me is 
that, assuming the cookies 
are all evenly rolled, each 
transferred to the cookie 
sheet in one piece, and none 
burnt around the edges 
during baking, by the time 
the frosting is on them, they 
are virtually unrecognizable. 

While wrestling with this 
"Baker's catch 22," I had a 
flash of inspiration and 
exclaimed: "Hey, Jameson, 
let's frost some of them on 
the hack this time. That way, 
we can still tell what they're 
supposed to be." 

My son's face looked 
about as enthusiastic as the 
fatted calf's must have been 
upon the prodigal's return. 
All he said was, "Not!" 

You see, we had never 

done it that way before. 

However, since I am still 
the mom, I pulled rank and 
we did it my way. And you 
know what? The cookies 
turned out okay. 

They weren't the works of 
art you would find in a 
bakery. And they weren't as 
sharply defined as E.L. 
Fudge cookies. (I think the 
Keebler elves have more 
sophisticated equipment.) 
And they probably wouldn't 
have brought top dollar at the 
church bake sale. 

But they were recogniz- 
able. The angels looked like 
heavenly host instead of 
heavenly ghosts. The 
familiar etchings on Santa's 
face remained visible so he 
didn't look like a warped 
daisy. I was especially 
pleased that the baby in the 
manger looked much more 
like a baby than a confec- 
tioner's rendition of E.T. 

We altered a tradition. 
Maybe we even improved 
upon it. The earth didn't 
move. The sky didn't fall. 
We simply experimented 
with a different way to 
accomplish our mutual 

The year 1993 is here. The 
21st century is closing in. So 
I suggest something for you 
to add to your list of resolu- 
tions: Experiment with a new 
way of thinking. 

Consider, if only for a few 
moments, that "the opposi- 
tion" on your pet issue has 

some valid points. 

Consider that maybe, just 
maybe, your understanding 
on that particular passage of 
scripture (you know, the one 
you always whip out of the 
holster to prove your point) is 
not the only way to look at it. 

Consider the possibility 
that your theology is a 
reflection of your biases, and 
not vice versa. 

Consider that perhaps long 
held beliefs and attitudes are 
more a product of tradition 
than conviction. 

Maybe your diet will 
flounder by Valentine's Day. 
Maybe this won't be the year 
you kick smoking. Maybe 
after a week of headaches 
you will reach for a cup of 
coffee. Maybe your new 
exercise regimen won't 
survive January's sub-zero 

But if all your other reso- 
lutions fall by the wayside, 
clear the cobwebs out of your 
attitudes. Try icing some cut- 
out cookies on the back 
instead of the front. It's just a 
teensy-weensy risk. If you do 
nothing else in 1993, try 
something you have never 
tried before, and allow 
yourself to be trans- 
formed by the renewing 
of your mind ["771 

(Rom. 12:2). ffl 

Robin WcntMorth App is a 
therapist from Nappanee. Ind. She 
currently is interim pastor of 
Pleasant Valley Church of the 
Brethren, Middlebury, Ind. 

26 Messenger January 1993 

:alling for change 

appreciated the November editorial on 
ith, "Hey! They're Playing My Song." 
Reading it reminded me of something 
[. Scott Peci>: wrote in his booiv The 
iffercnt Drummer. "The profession of 
reUgious belief is a He if it does not 
^nificamly determine (italics mine) 
le's economic, political, and social 

Rachel Weyhiight 
Syracuse. Ind. 

ush invoking God's name 

ead that general secretary Donald 
iller joined 22 other US church leaders 
appealing to President Bush and the 
;publican Party to adopt campaign 
ategies that "make it very clear 
it God belongs to no one side" 
ovember, page 7). 
I am not aware that the president at 
ytime invoked God "to assert moral 
periority of one people over another, or 
e political party over another." He has, 
wever, on many occasions, said "God 
:ss America." President-elect Clinton 
s done the same. 

Such a benediction is appropriate. It 
3uld not be considered offensive. 1 
pe and pray that God will, indeed, 
!ss America and its people. 

Howard B. Bamberger 
Canfield. Ohio 
The church leaders were not referring 
candidates for national political office 
'oking the familiar "God bless 
lerica." The remarks that led to the 
urch leaders' appeal were those made 

opinions e.xpressed here are not necessarily 
$e of the magazine. Readers should receive ihcm 
he same spirit with which differing opinions are 
ressed in face-to-face conversations. 
etters should he brief, concise, and respectful of 
opinions of others. Preference is given to letters 
' respond directly to items read in the magazine, 
e are willing to withhold the name of a writer 
!• when, in our editorial judgment, it is 
ranted. We will not consider any letter that 
les to us unsigned. Whether or not we print the 
'r. the writer's name is kept in strictest 

idress letters to Messenger Editor. 1451 
idee Ave. Elgin. 1160120 

by President Bush at an August 22. 
1992. "National Affairs Briefing" in 
Dallas. Te.xas. There he said that the 
Democrats' platform "left out three 
simple letters. G-O-D," the implication 
being that God was on the side of one 
party — the Republicans. — Ed.) 

Why am I shunned? 

I want to be a Church of the Brethren 
pastor, but 1 feel that 1 am "shunned." 

It has been just over a year since my 
divorce was finalized. 1 now am a single 
parent with custody of five children. I am 
working as a teacher's aide, the best job 1 
have been able to find. 

As a pastor, I had received affirmation 
for my efforts as preacher, counselor, 
example, teacher, and friend. Now I hear 
that "there is no interest in your profile." 
I am asked "Could you share a little 
more about your divorce?" I am told that 
"people don't feel you could do the work 
of a pastor with that number of children 
at home." 

Why am I not good enough now to be 
a pastor? With all the openings in our 
denomination, and with the dearth of 
ordained Church of the Brethren 
ministers to fill them, why am I receiv- 
ing no inquiries? Must divorce obliterate 
all of one's ministerial qualifications? 

Steve Broache 
Homeworth. Ohio 

Apply ethics rules to all 

I want David Kirchener (November, 
page 25), Annual Conference officers, 
and every delegate who voted for the 
Ethics in Ministry Relations statement 
(August/September, page 17) to hear 
my story: 

The only time I was sexually harassed 
was while 1 was attempting to pastor a 
Church of the Brethren congregation. 
The harassment, perpetrated by a lay 
member of the congregation, continued 
for over six months. 

1 was advised not to confront this man 
because it would "blow up in my face." 1 
was told that it was my problem and I 

Ifyou don't belong to 

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challenge, and most of us need 
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make our money go further. 
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lower rates on loans and higher 
rates on savings. 

As America's only not-for- 
profit, member-owned financial 
cooperatives, credit unions have 
earned their unique status by 
providing competitive products, 
unbiased information, and 
unmatched personal service. 

Start the new year right, and 
find out for yourself. Join 
Brethren Employees' Credit 
Union and find out why 
"members make the difference." 

Eligible persons: anyone who 
receives pay from any Church of 
the Brethren agency (employees of 
retirement homes, colleges, 
churches, General Board, etc. 
BECU members' immediate 
family are also eligible.). Contact 
us for more information. 

Brethren Employees' 

Credit Union 
1451 Dundee Avenue 
Elgin, Illinois 60120 
Phone: 708-742-5100 

Better rates. 

Better service. 

Better join! 

January 1993 Messenger 27 


should solve it discreetly. I tried that. 
The comments and physical harassment 
decreased, hut never stopped. I was 
forced to resign. 

This man, and several other persons 
with mone\ and clout, successfulh 
blocked my ministry at every turn. The 
church board chairman even apologized 
to a funeral director because the onlv 

pastor he had available to officiate at a 
funeral was a woman. 

Until the Ethics in Ministry Relations 
statement applies to everyone, it is not 
worth the paper it is printed on. As it 
stands, it further victimized me. The 
districts involved in each case should be 
required to pay for therapy for the victim 
and the accused for as long as it takes to 





We invite you to join tliousands of Brethren 
by insuring your property in an association 
owned and operated for members of the 


Insure your property today in a way that allows your 
premium dollar to exclusively help other Brethren 
in their time of loss and need. Special funds and 
investments further support the work and ministries 
of the Church of the Brethren. 




heal the wounds. 

The Church of the Brethren has 
been scapegoating pastors for its sinful 
behavior for too long. I have known 
pastors guilty of sexual misconduct, so • 
do not think they are above the law. Bu 
neither, however, are lay people. We 
must hold congregations and their 
officials accountable for their words and 
actions as well. 

I call for an inclusive Ethics in 
Ministry Relations statement. On congr 
gational profiles for congregations in 
which pastors and staff members have 
been harassed or victimized, the fact 
should be noted. 

I gladly sign my name because keepiii 
silent has cost me too much. 

Leah Oxiey Harm 
Morgantown. W.\ 

No ignorant clods 

Before MESSENGER edited my Novemb< 
article. "Mudlick's Thanksgiving Feast 
the last paragraph read, in part, "Our 
little 'mission" here needs help, but we 
need the help like we got with this 
Thanksgiving dinner. We need help to 
help us do our minis tiy to this part oft 
world that God has assigned to us." 

The edited version that was printed 
gives the impression that we are "poon 
people"" sitting around waiting for 
someone to give us something and do 
something for us. That is not the case. 
We are doing everything we possibly ci 
think of to support our own ministry. 

Our congregation, which meets at Fl 
Creek and Mud Lick, is working very 1 
hard to bring the love of our Lord Jesui| 
Christ to every man, woman, and chile! 
in this community. We hold vacation | 
Bible schools at both preaching points,! 
with an enrollment above 70 at Flat 
Creek and 50 at Mud Lick. Mud Lick': 
Children's Program is attended by 25 I 
40 children each week. Our members < i 
very active in spreading the Good New 
in our area. 

We are not ignorant clods sitting on 
our rotting porches waiting for someor 
up there to do something for us. We ar 
literate Bible-believing workers, doing 

28 Messenger January 1993 

I'erything we can to bring people into a 
jving relationship with Christ. 
We may say things a little differently. 
It our language still is the language 
i love that we see in the life of our 
l)rd. We may have to do things a little 
fferently because of the conditions 
re. but with the help and courage of 
)ir Almighty God we always will 
iitness of him. 

(As for the article, publicity, good or 
(d, is publicity. But please help us to 
lange that stereotype that comes to 
(iind when readers see the word "Ken- 

Jimmy Saunders 
Big Cieek. Ky. 

Pontius' Puddle 

NOTICE: Church and district newsletters that reprint " Pontius' Puddle" from 
Messenger must pay $5 ($10 if circulation is over 500) for each use to Joel 
Kauffmunn. 1/1 Curler Road. Goshen. AV 46526 


TOCrt--rHER.- ■ 


ooCt-kt to 


_i — s^^ 






- Ha/-^- 

jL—~ ~f t^^u' 

1> S- — — 


""N^/ ^^ 


. — 







Take Hold of Your Future 

One Step at a Time. 

McPherson College 

McPherson, Kansas 67460 • (316) 241-0731 

ibod for the journey 

hften disagree with the Messenger 
fitorials. But as long as we can disagree 
;d still carry on. loving Christ and our 
ijlowman, it must be okay. 
]Messenger continues to provide 
formation indicating where the 
rnomination is headed, information on 
liiat other churches are doing, and lots 
■:)re. The faith journey takes many 
;ns. and sometimes we are asked to 
,.e turns with which we cannot agree — 
j)se that I believe are not directed by 
:> Lord. It is at these turns that I need 
J opinions and influence of others, 
inething with which to gauge my own 
■ ction, my own progress, and. perhaps. 
*h which to determine the direction for 
1 to take. 

Jean M. Winters 
Eglon. W.Va. 

parking the calendar 

i/as pleased to see in "Calendar" 
. )vember, page 6) the notice about the 
J;oming Connecting Families Retreat, 
ilmsored by Brethren and Mennonite 
Siilies with lesbian or gay members. 
Ve Brethren who are lesbian or gay 
i in every congregation, so our families 
' I appreciate this event. The support 
! here. 

Beverly A. Bruhaker 
Camden. Ohio 

Diane Feasenhiser, a senior at 
McPherson (College, with her 
parents. Bethel and Ken, and 
brothers David and Dean. 

"McPherson College has not only 
provided Diane with a good 
academic education but has also 
given her the opportunity to become 
involved with community service 
organizations such as Habitat for 
Humanity. '" 

-Bethel '65 and Ken '65 

Fruitland church of the Brethem 
Fndtland. Idaho 

Scholarships/Grants: * 

Church of the Brethren Awards — Up to $1,000 per year 

Brethren Volunteer Service Grants — Up to $500 per year 

Children of Alumni Grants — Up to $500 per year 

Church-Matching Grants — Up to $500 per year 

Dependents of Persons in Church Professions — Up to $1,000 per year 

X _ 

Vf.s. I wanl lo lake the next .slrp and find mil mure alxii 
McPherson College. 

* Awards are 
renewable for up to 
four years provided 
that students remain 
eligible for the 
granLs. Some awards 
are based on 
financial need and 
availability of 




Phone t_ 

. Mate . 

. Zip . 


. Year of Graduation , 

Clip and send to: Admissions Office. McPherson College. 
P.O. B..\ 1402. McPherson. KS 67460 or 
rail collect (.S!6I 2 H -07:? 1 . 

McPherson College does not discriminate on the 

basis of race, religion, sex, color, national origin, or physical/emotional disability 

Januap. 1493 Messenger 29 

To subscribe to 


call (800) 323-8039, 

Ext. 247. Ask for Norma 


From the 

Office of Human Resources 

Planned Giving Officer, Northeast 


Develop deferred and special gifts support for 
Church ofthe Brethren programs; assist donors 
\\ ith Iheir financial and gift planning. 
— Goodcommunication skill 
— Ability to build trust and confidence 
— Self-starter 

— Willingness to reside in nonheast area of the 

Interested and qualified persons may apply by 
sending a letter of interest and resume to: 

Barbara Greenwald 

1451 Dundee Avenue 

Elgm.lL 60120 
Applicants are requested to contact 3 or 4 
people and have them provide a reference letter. 

Position available after Jan. 1, 1993; 
applications accepted until position is filled 

Appreciative of Taize 

I was pleased to read Cheryl Cayford's 
report on her Taize experience (October, 
page 10). 

I visited the Taize community in 
France in 1966, when it was a perfect 
place for a spiritual retreat. I visited 
there again in 1977, when hundreds of 
European youth were there. While it had 
lost a little of its monastic charm, Taize 
already was extending its mission and 
ministry to youth from around the world. 

Also, I am glad that our new Hymnal 
includes music from Taize (hymns 101, 
103, 113, 152, 204, 242, 247, 294, 298, 
348. 452, 471, 554, 562, for example). 

Speaking of hymns, a newspaper 
article from Dixon, III., told how 
Pinecrest Manor residents were inspired 
to send Hurricane Andrew relief by the 
words of "an old church hymn," which 
turns out to be "Mine Are the Hungry." 

(See "The Power of a Hymn," page 5, 
this issue.) I am sure that Wilbur 
Brumbaugh (died 1977) would be as 
happy as I am to learn that our song, 
written just 18 years ago, has gained thei 
status of "an old church hymn." 

Ken Mor\ 
North Manchester, In 

Hurrafi for Spanisii idea 

Hurrah, John Forbes (November, page 
29), for suggesting we all learn Spanish 
I would add "or some other language." 
And to your parallel-column, Spanisii 
English New Testament, add an audio 
tape of a Spanish New Testament. Be 
sure the Bible version is the same for 
both the tape and New Testament. 

Esther Mohler I 
Hayward, Cal 


WANTED— Oaklawn is actively recruiting psychiatrists to 
join our comprehensive inpatient and/or outpatient clinical 
sen/ices, Oaklawn sponsored by Mennonite Health Ser- 
vices. Over 30 years expenence providing wide range of 
psychiatric services. Motto "Toward health and wholeness" 
exemplifies our commitment to addressing the mental, 
physical, social, and spmtual needs of people we serve. 
Located in beautiful farming country of northern Ind. We 
enjoy small town atmosphere of Goshen/Elkhart area. 
Close proximity to South Bend. Chicago, and Indianapolis. 
For further employment information and opportunities at 
Oaklawn contact Ray Hunsberger, Dir. of Human Re- 
sources, or Carl Rutt, Medical Dir., P. 0. Box 809, Goshen, 
IN 46526. Tel. (800) 282-0809. 

WANTED— Fine artists. Association for the Arts is featuring 
a Juried Showcase at 1993 Annual Conference in India- 
napolis, Ind, A group of drawings and paintings will be 
selected for display in the Showcasefrom the works submit- 
ted. All other art pieces will be displayed as in past years. 
Brethren fine artists are urged to submit works for the 
judging. For further info, write lona Lauver, 2044 E. Market, 
York, PA 17405. 

WANTED— Displaced Brethren couple seeks fellowship of 
Brethren penpals. Also husband seeks |ob as church sex- 
ton, building S grounds maintenance, or security person. 
Please contact Joe Nolan, 1600-52 Rhododendron Dr., 
Florence. OR 97439. Tel. (503) 997-1752 (evenings). 

WANTED— Camp manager or couple to manage Camp 
Colorado in Pike National Forest (40 minutes Ir Denver or 
Colorado Sprgs) from Memonal Day to Labor Day 1993. 
Camp located on 85 forested acres. Features swimming 
pool, hiking trails, 6 dorms, dining hall, recreation bidg. 
Camp has 4 wks. of Brethren-sponsored camps and is 
rented remainder of season to Brethren churches and family 
reunion groups. Duties incld. purchasing supplies, cleaning, 
and repairing camp. Altitude of camp is 7,500. Applicants 

should be in good physical shape. Salary $1 ,000 per month. 
Inclds. 2-bdrm. cabin, utilities. Interested parties contact 
Ron Achilles, Rt. 1 , Box 1 43, Ouinter, KS 67752, Tel. (91 3) 

WANTED— Faculty pos.. Biblical studies, Bethany Theo- 
logical Seminary. Tenure-track. Teach M.Div. and M.A.Th. 
students in one or more of following areas: Hebrew Bible/ 
Old Testament, biblical languages, New Testament, biblical 
interpretation. Assist w/ ministry formation, student advis- 
ing, community governance, non-degree programs, Ph.D. 
or PhD, candidacy. Training, exp. appropriate for appt. w/ 
rank of Ass'l. Professor or higher. Member of or willing to 
affiliate w/ Church of Brethren. Committed to its teaching, 
values. Commitment to partnership of seminary, church in 
theological education Starting: July 1, 1993 (Oak Brook 
campus) or July 1, 1994 (seminary relocates to Richmond, 
Ind., summer, 1994), Search period open-ended. Applica- 
tions reviewed beginning Jan. 1, 1993. Submit letter of 
application, resume, and invite three references to submit 
letters of recommendation to Academic Dean, Bethany 
Theological Seminary, Butterfield and Meyers Rds., Oak 
Brook, IL 60521. 

WANTED— Director, Susquehanna Valley Satellite, Bethany 
Theological Seminary. Half time. Oevelop/interpret/admin- 
ister Satellite program. Assist w/ student recruitment and 
advising. Work closely w/ Academic Dean of Bethany 
Seminary. Teaching opportunities if training appropriate. 
Oualifications: at least a masters degree (doctorate desir- 
able), entrepreneunal spirit, relate well to diversity, ability to 
network w/ denominational and ecumenical constituencies, 
member of COB and committed to its teachings, practices. 
Commitment to and ability to work w/ Bethany's graduate 
and Academy-level programs. Ability to do academic, min- 
istry formation advising, familiarity w/ churches of Atl. N.E, 
and S, Pa. districts, resident of or willing to relocate to region 
served by Satellite. Starting: Apnl 1, 1993, Search period 
Nov. 15, 1992-Jan. 15, 1993. Submit letter of application, 

resume, and invite three references to submit letters 
recommendation to Academic Dean, Bethany Theologi: 
Seminary, Butterfield and Meyers Rds,, Oak Brook, 

TRAVEL— Air-conditioned coach tour to Annual Confj 
ence in Indianapolis, including housing. For informal 
write J. Kenneth Kreider, 1300 Sheaffer f^d., Elizabethtovi 
PA 17022, 

TRAVEL— Join Wendell and Joan Bohrer on 1 6-day Brit 
Isles and Ireland Tour, Aug. 2-1 7, 1 993, Write for brochi 
Wendell and Joan Bohrer, 8520 Royal Meadow Dr,, Inc 
napolis, IN 46217. Tel. (317) 882-5067. 

TRAVEL— Enjoy beautiful spring in British Isles. Tour \^ 
11-26, 1993. England, Wales, and Scotland by charleiv 
coach and train. Itinerary ideal for second and third visits i: 
your first visit to land of princes and queens, of castles ; t; 
palaces. Tour of China in fall of 1 993, Request info, on eit ' 
of these tours. We give you more for less. Rothrock Toi[| 
502 Charles, McPherson, KS 67460. 

SINGLES— Introduction services are not just for "lose 
anymore. Just join, make new friends, maybe in an area) 
would like to visit, meet a mate, whatever. Twenty coup 
have found mates through Crossroads and they w 
ministers, nurses, teachers, various professions, Sei 
citizens and kids in their 20s— not a loser in the lot. Try ■ 
modern method approved by our church leaders. For in 
mation write Crossroads, Box 32, N, Tonawanda, 

INVITATION— In Atlanta, Ga., join Faithful Servant Chu 
of the Brethren for 10 a.m. church school and 11 a 
worship at Shoney's Inn at intersection of Indian Trail 
and 1-85 North, exit 38, Norcross. Contact pastor t 
Jordan at (800) 782-9796. or Bob and Rose Garrison (4 1 
979-7343, 2679 Sherman Oaks, Lithonia, GA 30058. 

30 Messenger January 1993 



:ts Covenant, Atl. N.E.: Simeon 
& Jean Hurst. Coleen Rohrer 

ue River, N. Ind.: Esther & Greg 
Bennett. Kellie Shidler, Trevor 
Shively, Daniel Valjack. 
Margaret& MilfordZumbrun 

(Calico, Atl. N.E.; Donna, Marcy. 
& Mindy Spade. Tina Brubaker 
innels Creek, S. Ohio: Charles. 
Dianne. & Christy Ervin. 
David. Brenda. Crystal. & 
Jessica Rusk. Anna & Lloyd 
Deichcrt. Thelma & Robert 
Young. Kay & Richard 
Chandler. Mark Bonham, 
Dawn Boles. Andrew Kelly. 
Sarah Momingstar, Barbara 
Shank, Jamie Studebaker 

ihart Valley, N. Ind.: Sheila 
Builenhuis. Todd & Tamra 
Taylor, Don & Alice Yoder. 
Bill & Sally Ehemman 
erett,M. Pa.: Roxanne Walker 
■st-Chicago, Ill./Wis.; Joseph & 
Bertha Esther. Donell Smith, 
Jerry, Latisha, & Tabalha 
Vamell, Marcus Walker. 
Carmen Scoti-Boria. Danielle 
& Dorothy Williams, Marcello 
Snow. Sherrell Holmes. Stacy 

St-Harrisburg, All. N.E.: Peggy 
Dohner. Jamie Pierce, Joyce 
Horsl. Rick Mehaffie. Carl & 
Amanda Hill 
St-York,S. Pa.: Barbara 
Bentley. Emily & Justin Draw- 
baugh, Sasha Miller. Alice 
Stottlemyer, Ken & Elizabeth 
Workman. Holly Zimmerman 
inklinGrove, 111. AVis.: Linda 

-mantown Brick, Virlina: 
Ster,N. Plains: Kathy & David 
Trinkle, KaiieTobias. Manah 
Draper. LeAnna Moats, Justine 
Desmond. Bob Ellison. Myma 

es Chapel, Virlina: David 
Lemons, Jeannie & Crystal 
Parcel!, Tammy Ferguson, 
Kristen Harms, Kristie 
Osborne. Amy & June 
Wingfield, Darci Doliarhite 
:eview, Mich.: Debbie Bentley, 
Leo & Myrtle Parsons 
pie Grove, N. Ind.: Tom & 

f] Cindy Yoder 

NjDle Spring, W. Marva: Carroll 
' Harlsell. Tony & Lisa Lewis, 
, Amanda & Daniel Spaid. 
Ke\ in & Brian Corbin 

N -ilia, Mich.: Dale & Mildred 

|k:hanicsburg, S. Pa,: Catherine 
Laudig, Daisy & Oliver 
Jac kson. Gary Corbett, Jenny 

fc-ersdale. W. Pa,: Joe Bitiner, 

I j Melissa Ickes, Chad & Chris- 
tina Long, David, John, »& 
Laura Mankey, Jason & Justin 
Marteney, Matthew Miller. 
Rick & Tiffany Sebold.Aman- 

! I da Weigle. Craig Stephens, 
Ryan Woolslayer, Matthew & 
.KelliYutzy. Neil Berkley, 
■ Lori. Nathan. & Randy Steele. 

I lAlwildaWilhelm 

^dlebury,N. Ind.: Phil & Tern 
31osser. John & Carolyn 

DeWilde. Jim. Jan. & Marcey 
McCraner. Shirley Newbry. 
Gordon Noble, Mark & 
Beverly Short. Richard Smith, 
Ray & Donna Zook 

Montezuma, Shen: Rebecca Click. 
Charles & Bonnie .Miller. Tony 
Blose. Sam & Mary Longe- 
necker. Kimberley Wyrick, Bob 
& Cathy Jerome. Amanda 
Beckwith. Jeremy Driver, Eric 
Shank, Andrew Skelton. 
Robbie & Dena Symons, Joe & 
Naomi McComiick 

Nappanee, N. Ind.: Harold & 
Helen Geyer 

North Bend, N. Ohio: Robert & 
Sharon Ross 

PennRun.W Pa.:Bill&Pat 

Leasure, Bill & Bonnie Moore, 
Melissa McDonald, Vicki 
Cramer, Richard Strong 

Pyrmont, S/C Ind.: Vickie Wolf 

Rossville. S/Clnd.: Miranda 

Miller. Connie Wagoner. Laura 
Smith, Mary Ann Jones 

Shiloh.W. Man a: Myranda 
Bennett. Aaron Daugherty. 
Mystee Freeman 

Springfield, .\i\. N.E.: Rebecca 
Miller. Steve & Scott Frei 

Syracuse, N. Ind.: Scott <& Aaron 
Lindsey . Jamie Troup 

West Charleston. S. Ohio: Anita 
Bernard. Kay Davis, Kelly 
Flora. Geneva O'Cull 

Woodland, Ill.AVis.: Leon & 
Man anna Danner 

204th BVS 
Orientation Unit 

(Orientation completed Nov. 14, 


Baker, Janice, Parkertown, N.J.. to 

Clanon Alliance, Des Moines, 

Barr, Jennifer, Yamioulh. Maine, 

to Elizabeth House Church ot 

Pilgnms. Washington, D.C. 
Beck, Andrea. Grantham, Pa., to 

Washington Office on Africa, 

Washington, D.C. 
Blair, Alice, McLean. Va., to 

PLASE, Baltimore, Md. 
Cain, Virginia, Taneytown, Md.,to 

Friendship Day Care. Inc. . 

Hutchinson, Kan. 
Canizares, Jaime. AUentown, Pa,. 

to Washington Office on Haiti. 

Washington. DC. 
Carter, Jeffrey. Westminster. Md.. 

toCOB Washington Office, 

Enoch, Stephen. Randolph, N.J.. to 

Gould Farm, Monterey, Mass, 
Etzweiler.Robert, Pennsylvania 

Furnace. Pa., to PLASE, 

Baltimore. Md. 
Forney. Christopher, Silver Spring, 

Md., to Top Spot Youth 

Center, Belfast. Ireland 
Gustafson, Bryan, Clearfield, Pa.. 

to Religious Coalition/Human 

Need, Frederick, Md. 
Harlmann, Rolf. Reutlingen, 

Germany , to Casa de Modesto, 

Modesto. Calif 
Hartmann.Gertrud, Reutlingen, 

Germany, to Casa de Modesto, 

Modesto, Calif. 
Howard, Thia, Poestenkill, N.Y., 

to Norihem Virginia Mediation 

Center. Fairfax, Va. 
Kreider, Holly, Quarry ville. Pa., to 

COB Washington Office, 

Washington, D.C. 
Matliur, Tara. Wichita, Kan., to 

Empleo. Washington. D.C. 
McKenzie, Suzanne. Gresham, 

Ore., to NISBCO. Washington. 

Mihr. Annika, Eschwege. 

Germany. toOlder Adult Social 

Service. Fresno. Calif. 
Neilson, Peter, Middx, England, lo 

Pathway House. Canton, OhK) 
Nghiem. Laura, Texas City, Texas. 

to Washington Office on Haiti, 

Washington. D.C. 
Osborne, Becky. Tewesbury. 

Mass.. to Loving Hands Gift 

Shop ( SERR V). San Marcos. 

Parkhurst. Lalena. Conevvang 

Valley, N. Y, to Pesticide 

Action Network, San Francisco, 

Retry, Sigmar. Pullach. Germany. 

to Catholic Worker House. San 

Antonio, Texas 
Poling, Chandler. Carlisle. Pa., to 

Bread and Roses. Olympia. 

Schuetz, Christine. Can field. Ohio. 

to Koinonia Pariners. 

Snyder, Sharon. Port Huron. Mich.. 

to Washington City COB Soup 

Kitchen, Washington. D.C. 
Warren, Marilee. Sacramento. 

Calif., to Washington City 

COB Soup Kitchen. 

Washington. DC. 


Arbuckle, Bnan. licensed May 12. 

1992, WestGoshen,N, Ind. 
Bray, Eldon, ordained Jun. 16, 

1992. Eaton. S Ohio 
Bucher, Mark K.. ordained Aug. 8. 

Cannaday, L. .Annette, licensed 

Apr, il.l992.Chnstlhe 

Servant, All. S.E. 
Lease. Karen Jolene, licensed Sep 

12. 1992. Union Bndge, 

McGlolhlin. Judith Mohler, 

licensed Aug, 1, 1992, Winter 

Park. Atl. S.E. 


Byrd, David, from other denomina- 
tion to Fredencksburg-Baptist 
Brethren. N, Plains 

Eldredge, Charles, from Mountain 
View, Mid-Atl.. to Maitland, 

Pike, Earle, from retirement to 
Huntingdon-Stone, M, Pa. 

Grove, Charles A., from Shelby 
County, Mo./Ark., to Fairview. 
N. Plains 

McGlothlin, Judith, from secular to 
Venice Fellowship, Atl. S.E. 

Mitchell. Olden, from Pleasant 
Valley, N. Ind., to Goshen City, 
N. Ind. 

Yoder, Gary D., from Painter 
Creek, S. Ohio, to New Phila- 
delphia, N.Ohio 


Barnhart, Robert and Ruth. 

Lafayette. Ind. 50 
Barrick, Lewisand Dorothy, 

Delphi. Ind, 50 
Blake, Vic and Irene, Elkhart, 

Ind., 50 
Fruhwirlh. Charles and Helen. 

Greiner, Bob and Edna, Elgin. 

111.. 50 
Heisey, Enos and Jane. Mount 

Gretna. Pa, 50 
Henslrand, Karl and Lillian. 

Hershberger,Wi ills and Dora. 

Elkhart. Ind. 50 
Kagarise, Blaire and Pauline. 

Huntingdon. Pa., 50 
Laudermilch, Amnion and Mariha 

Palmyra, Pa., 50 
Miller, Harry and Theresa. 

Nusbaum, Clarence ;uid Doris. 

Elkhart. Ind. 50 
Ott, L. Ernest and Clara, Windber. 

Pa., 50 
Reinoehl, John and Marjorie. 

Ashley. Ind, .50 
Robertson, Harold and Ruth. 

Rogers. How ard and Enid, 

Wakarusa, lnd-.60 
Share, John and Polly. New 

Stump. Robert and Ludema. 

Goshen. Ind.. 50 
Wagner. Wayne and Florence. 

West. Elmer and Mane, Lenox, 

Widdowson, Ira and Anna Belle. 

Penn Run, Pa.. 50 


Batterton, Mae. 67. Astoria, III., 

May .10. 1992 
Beckner. Florence. 83, La Verne. 

Calif..Oct..10. 1992 
Berg. John. 7 1 . Summerfield. Fla,. 

Oct. 2 1. 1992 
Betts, Leonard, 84, Boise. Idaho. 

Oct. 20. 1992 
Blough, Mary Helen, 7.3, Holl- 

sopple.Pa.,Sep. 18, 1992 
Brubaker, Crawford, 95, La Verne. 

Calif, Nov, 11.1992 
Bucher. Henry G. 88, Litiiz, Pa., 

Oct. 28. 1992 
Chittick, Harold. 88, Rossville, 

Ind„Sep, 20. 1992 
Cook, Adam, 73, New Carlisle. 

Ohio, Oct, 20, 1992 
Cove. Frank, 82, Hershey. Pa.. Oct. 

Cramer, Mildred. 7 1 , Penn Run. 

Pa.. Sep. 1. 1992 
Cretsinger, Holmes, 84, Elkhart. 

Ind. Aug. 13,1992 
Danner. Sidney. 89. Astoria, III.. 

Sep. 14, 1992 
Deimling,Wilma, Bolivar, Ohio. 

Oct, 29. 1992 
Ediund, Beatrice, 84, Muskegon, 

Mich, Oct. 11,1992 
Eichelbergcr. John, 85, Fairfax. 

Va.,Aug. 16, 1992 
Flora, Glcndon. 77, Springfield. 

Ohio.Jul.22. 1992 
Funk, Virginia L,. 52. Orange Park, 

Fla, Oct. 6. 1992 

Gaerte. R. Curtis. 82. Avilla. Ind., 

Sep. 11.1992 
Gandy, Hugh. 80. Churubusco. 

Ind, May 15, 1992 
Gibble, Elva B.. 83. Elizabeihtown. 

Pa.Aug. 12. 1992 
Groshon.Jacquelyn.5 I . Lafayette, 

Grove. Wayne C. 60. Middletown. 

Pa.. Aug. 15. 1992 
Haines, Ellen, 8 1 , Churubusco. 

lnd..Oct.3, 1992 
Hammer. Henr\' A., 92. West- 
minster. Mci.. Oct. 15, 1992 
Harsh, Ernest W.. 78. Eglon. W. 

Va., Feb. 1,1992 
Haynes, Danny, 29. SpnngHeld. 

Ohio.Oct.22. 1992 
Hess, Homer C. 93, Johnstown. 

Pa.Oct. 18. 1992 
Hockenberry. Jack. 60. Lew is- 

lown.Pa.Nov. 10, 1992 
Hoff, Richard. 75, Lucerne. Ind.. 

Oct. 1.1992 
Hollinger, Kenneth, 80, Goshen, 

Ind. Sep, 19. 1992 
KautTman, Ida C, 92. Lew istown. 

Pa, Sep. 26, 1992 
Keeny, Eli S., 88, New Oxford. 

Pa.. Nov. 9. 1992 
Kellenberger, Pearl, 92. Revnolds. 

Ind. Oct. 6. 1992 
Keller, Glenn. 7 I.Camp Hill. Pa.. 

Oct. 2. 1992 
Laliker. Maude. 84. Macomb, 111,. 

Apr. 23, 1992 
Landis. Ruby. 87. York, Pa., Nov. 

Miller.Glen W.. 79. Harrisonburg. 

Va.. Oct. 23, 1992 
Nusbaum, Bessie. 75. Goshen. 

Ind. Oct. 29. 1992 
Parker, Annetta. 20, Logansport. 

Ind. .Jan. 12.1992 
Rexrode. William, 80. Shiremans- 

town.Pa..Oct.27, 1992 
Reynold. Paul. 89. York. Pa. Oct. 

Rubling. Zeretha. 82, Astoria. 111.. 

Jul. 24. 1992 
Sheets, Richard. 67. Elkhan. Ind., 

Sep. 27. 1992 
Shively, Elva. 90, Albion. Ind.. 

.Mar, 15, 1992 
Shoemaker, Marjorie. 85. Hagers- 

town,Md..Oct. 10, 1992 
Snider. Barbara, 6 1 , New Paris. 

Ind. Oct. 17.1992 
Souslin, Jesse, 90, Somerset. Ohio. 

Mar. 6, 1992 
Stickel. Lowell. 83. Elkhart. Ind., 

May 28, 1992 
Stremmel, Merie, 63, Brodbecks. 

Pa.Oct. 14.1992 
Strong. Ruby, 67, Penn Run. Pa., 

Jan. 23. 1992 
Stutsman. Madge, 93. Elkhan, 

Ind.. Sep. 27.1992 
Summers, James E.. 89, Harrison- 
burg. Va.. Oct. 30. 1992 
Thumma, Donald, 18, Carlisle, Pa., 

Oct. 19. 1992 
Wenger, Ellen M,. 83. Richland, 

Pa. Aug. I 1.1992 
Wenger. Warren D, 73. Wakarusa, 

Ind. May 18.1992 
Wilson. Gail, 4 1 . Ambler, Pa, Oct, 

Wine.Mary B..94,Oriando,Fla.. 

Aug. 14,1992 
Yoder. Dorothy M.. 89, Lewis- 
tow n. Pa.. Sep. 29. 1992 
Zook, Carl E. . 90, North Manches- 
ter. Ind.. Oct. 11, 1992 

January 199.3 Messenger 31 

Time to keep the faith 

This month we inaugurate a new president of the 
United States. TTie winning candidate in the recent 
election campaign talked constantly of the need for 
change in our country. He outlined the needs, he 
argued the failure of the policies of recent years, and 
he described his plans for new approaches to the 
nation's problems. He won enough votes to put him 
in office and enough votes to give him confidence 
that he can move ahead with his proposed changes. 

Time w ill tell w hether the new president was 
right in his perception of what needed changing. 
And time will tell. also, if he succeeds in effecting 
the changes he wants to try. 

Every so often these times of change occur in 
the ongoing story of our country. The oldest among 
us w ere bom around the time of Theodore Roosevelt, 
who swept in one such period of change. Many of 
those Brethren who attended the recent National 
Older .Adult Conference were young adults when 
Franklin D. Roosevelt masterminded great changes 
in the 1930s. My generation remembers the excite- 
ment of change in 1960. when young John F. 
Kennedy took over the White House from the then 
oldest president. Dwight D. Eisenhower. Only 12 
years ago. change came again with the election of 
Ronald Reagan. Now the Reagan era closes and a 
new time of change begins. 

Those who study the history of the presidency 
note that these changes occur with some regularity — 
about every 12 to 15 years, roughly, and allowing for 
an anomaly here and there. 

Have any of our Church of the Brethren histori- 
ans determined that our denomination has compa- 
rable cycles of change and drift? 

Wonder what Brethren history would be like if, 
periodically, we debated the issues and voted to keep 
the old leadership or try some new faces. We elect a 
new Annual Conference moderator every year, but 
the turnover is so rapid, and the clout of the modera- 
tor so minimal, that change never comes from that 
quarter. With our system of a General Board that is 
elected a handful of members at a time, and a 
General Board staff hired to carry out program, there 
is no way for us to make a change in as dramatic a 
fashion as the 1992 US presidential election. 

What if, however, we could give our imagina- 
tion free rein and play with the idea of "voting in" a 
new ■'administration" that could effect change in our 
denomination? To set our imagination free, of 
course, means overcoming our revulsion at the very 
idea of our church being run the way we run our 
country. But since it's just an exercise in imagina- 
tion, let's give it a crack. 

If we were electing a new Brethren "administra- 
tion" right now, I, personally, would be rooting for 
the candidate who would turn our stewardship record 
around (a little "revenue enhancement"), who would 
bring clarity to our mission philosophy and light a 
fire under our various mission efforts, who would 
challenge us to acknowledge Jesus Christ as Lord 
and spread the gospel, who would keep our minis- 
tries of relief and reconciliation strong, who would 
work to draw ethnic groups into the denomination, 
who would work at achieving equality for women in 
the denomination, who would work, in fact, at 
welcoming into the denomination every group that 
presently feels excluded. That would do for starters. 

But. in the real world, that's not how things 
work in the Church of the Brethren. We don't have a 
system in which someone up high calls the shots and 
everyone falls into line. We have, instead, a thou- 
sand congregations that pretty much go their own 
way, with some coaxing and nudging from the 
districts and national leadership, and a lot of 
undefinable influences, such as tradition, preaching, 
teaching, and gatherings ("cross-fertilization"). 

In this real world of the Church of the Brethren, 
at best we can pray for the Holy Spirit to so .settle 
upon us, that each one of us, whatever our place and 
role, will best exercise that ability to coax and nudge, 
to admonish, to guide, to inspire, so that the collec- 
tive effect will, in God's good time, achieve the 
changes that are needed. 


igeria missionary pioneer Stover Kulp, in 1963, 
when he was leaving the field for retirement, was 
asked by us remaining what word he had for us 
carrying on the work. "Just keep on keeping on," he 
said. Those words sounded trite, in one sense, but 
powerful in another. For in this life, which is seldom 
punctuated with dramatic changes for the better, 
what has ever worked better than "keeping on 
keeping on"? "Hanging in there" is another way of 
putting it. "Being faithful" is what we really mean. 

So. while I wait, full of hope, to see what the 
new US administration achieves, knowing that if the 
country's hopes are unfulfilled, we will have a 
chance to "throw the rascals out" in another four 
years, I take no such approach to my church. There I 
long ago pledged my allegiance and .set my course. 
There is much good I would like to see happen in the 
Church of the Brethren. But it's not a matter of 
throwing one party out and voting another in. It's 
more a matter of "keeping on keeping on" . . . 
keeping the faith. — K.T. 

32 Messenger January 1993 

/ believe in Bethany 
Seminary. There I 

was challenged and 

encouraged to 

continue my faith 

journey with Jesus 

Christ and the faith 

community. The 

faculty and "-^^^ 

provided positive role 

models for . 

daily living out the 

Christif^^^ frt^fh 4 »/f 


Ranald D. Beachlcy is executive 
for Western Penusylvauia 
district. Church of the Brethren. 

If you hear the Cally 
give us a call. 

Bethany Theological Seminary 

Butterfield and Meyers Roads 
Oak Brook, IL 60521 



\H ' '"^^^ ^'-^T ' 

W'c ,^^ill shjirt; main ihiny.s a^ hnitlKi 
Our room, aL'tivities and [he joys o( 
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I li\ed on a tariii aiiil hail aliit ni fun 
l'inla\'. ai ''*' I Mill am ha\iiiH lim pa 
tiei|iatiiiL; in maii\' planned aeti\'ities 
w hieli lain^ back wnndertul memorii 

la\ini; !>>■ the vsoiids we eaii eiiji'N niiui. .ii iis best Tins is a 
eomnumity ot earins aiul siippiiit. At our ai^e we don't tliiiik it 
gets any better than this! 


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ping and recreation. Retire to a comt'ortable, 
secure community f)ffering lifestyle choices to 
fit your needs, .\ceredited by the C^ontinuini; 
Care .\eereditation (Commission of the 
.\meriean Association ot Homes for the Aging. 




(Continuum of care includes: 

• (Cottages 

• Apartments 

• Personal (Care 

• Intermediate Nursing 

• Skilled Niu^sing 

\'isit our coiitniunity lo .sec lunc (tJjonUihlv iiinl cxcitiuii retirement living can be! 

2900 Carlisle Pike, P.O. P.o.x 12.S 
New O.xford, PA 17350 

(717) 624 2161 

(Carl \i. Ilerr, President 





Messenger 1/92 

Church of the Brethren February 1 993 




Moderator Chuck Boyer: 

Ready for Indy '93 

Sotccr is u Sonne of recreation for South Afruan i liiUlrcn 

The pe(iplc were remarkable. And there was a whole host of 
them w ho made me and other members of the South Africa 
learning tour feel right at home. Fve learned it is the Brethren 
stvle to open the doors of your home and welcome people in. The 
same can be said of the South Africans we met (see page 17). 
Through Synapses, a justice and action network in Chicago. 
111., we were toured, fed. given tea and sodas to 
drink, hugged, and welcomed with the widest of 
f open arms. These people were willing to talk to 
us. and take us places we may not have gone on 
our o\\ n. and show us things we may not have 
seen without their assistance. Just as it is impor- 
tant to thank the hostess who serves you dinner. 1 
u ant to — need to — thank our hosts from the 
southern hemisphere — Chris. Nkele. David, Paul. 
Cynthia. Lebohang. Richard and Anita. Linda. 
Paddy. Eric. Aaron and Girlie and Acquilla. Ben. 
Peter. Albert. Rosemary. Govan. Geoffery. Bruce, 
Bryan. Garrett. Sox. Smuts. Squash. Mamabollo. and their 
extended families. I do have hopes of seeing my newfound 
friends again someday, maybe when things are better, maybe 
when they are freer. 

I also want to note that I bonded with nine wonderful people 
v\ ith whom I shared these experiences. I am sure that Mattie. 
Min\'a. Joan. Todd. Gloria, Joan. Merv. or both Marys will be 
willing to talk to you at length about the experiences in South 
■Africa, because I believe they also felt much the way I felt. 


COMING NEXT MONTH; A look at "Education of the Public, 
sister church relationships, and the new Dead Sea Scrolls 


Kermon Thomasson 

Managing Editor 

Eric B Bishop 

Editorial assistant 

Cheryl Cayford 

Production, Advertising 

Sue Radcliff 


Norma Nieto. Martha Cupp 


Kenneth L Gibble 


Dale E Minnich 

District Messenger representatives: 

Atlantic Northeast. Ron Lutz: .Atlantic 
Southeast. Ruby Ra\mer; Illinois/Wise 
Gail Clark: Northern Indiana, Leona 
Holderread; South/Cemral Indiana. Ma 
Miller: Michigan. Marie Willoughby; ^ 
Atlantic. Ann Fouts: Missouri/Arkansa: 
Mary McGowan: Northern Plains, Paul 
Flory: Northern Ohio. Sherry Sampson, 
Southern Ohio. Shirley Pelry: Oregon/ 
Washington. .Marguerite Shaniberger: I 
Pacific Southwest. Randy Miller. SoutI 
Pennsyhania. Elmer Q. Gleim; Wester 
Pcnnsy Kania. Jay Christner: Shenando 
Jerry Brunk; Southern Plains. Esther Si 
Virlina. David & Hettie Webster: West 
Plains. Dean Hummer: West Mana. 
Winoma Spurgeon, I 

Messenger is the official publication ol 
Church of the Brethren. Entered as seci 
class matter Aug. 20. 1918. under Act i 
Congress of Oct. 17. 1917. Filing dale. 
1 . 1 984. Messenger is a 
i\ member of the Associated 
■ ?^ I Church Press and a subscr 
— to Religious News Service 
Ecumenical Press Sen ice. 
_l Biblical quotations, unless 
otherwise indicated, are from the New i 
Revised Standard Version. 

Subscription rates: SI 2, .SO individui 
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Messenger is owned and published 
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In Touch 2 
Close to Home 
(Jews 6 
Vorldwide 10 
{tepping Stones 
letters 27 
,)pinions 28 
I'ontius' Puddle 
"urning Points 
Editorial 32 




over. 1, 6nght. 14- IX, 19 farnghi. 

20: George Keeler 
iside front cover, 1 1 - 1 .^: Erie B, 


Nancy Shiftlett Bowman 

art: Morrie Turner and Creators 

I left: Brethren Historical Library and 


j lower nght: Ellie H, Draper 
I top: Joan Deeter 

top left: Ken Bomberger 

middle: Mervin Keeney 

bottom: Brethren Volunteer Service 

: Karen S. Carter 
|y far left, second from left: Edward J. 

|9 second from right: Wendy 


1 : Museum of Modem Art 

How far away is South Africa? 1 1 

The reflections of an African-American male on a learning 
tour of South Africa are given by Eric B. Bishop. 

What you see is what you get 1 4 

Chuck Boyer stands out as a multifaceled chiirch leader in a 
profile of the first Annual Conference moderator from the 
West Coast in 30 years. Story and photos by George Keeler. 

How did we manage without an Annual 
Conference manager? 19 

Suellen Shively looks at the changing role of the Annual 
Conference manager. She includes a profile of the newest 
manager. Duane Steiner. 

Why are radical Christians such poor 
evangelists? 21 

Calvin E. Shenk demonstrates the side effects of radical 
discipleship that hamper the winning of souls to Christ. 

Brethren Way of Christ retreats: Launchpad to 
a lifestyle of grace-giving 23 

Worth Weller describes Cursillo weekends — three days of 
prayer, inspiration, and discussion that lead toward restoring 
fragmented faith. 

Cover story: Healer^ 
ArhilriJliir'^ Srorvwller'.^ 
Person of passum'.' Which of 
these IS Chtu k Borer' Or Is 
he all of thetii . and nu>re 
besides? Read George 
Keeler' s revealing profile of 
the Annual Conference 
moderator (page 14 j. 

February 199.^ Messenger 1 


Ain't gonna study war? 

What do you get when you 
mix one Brethren Volunteer 
Service \vori<er with 300 
senior military officers? 

Just ask LuAnne Harley, 
a member of Lincolnshire 
Church of the Brethren, in 

protecting the country, but 
it's such a different perspec- 
tive from the church." 

LuAnne appreciated the 
ways in which spending a 
week with the military 
challenged and reinforced 
her own beliefs. 

"This experience gave me 

LuAnne Hurley 
(first row. second 
from left) found that 
her experience with 
the military was 
useful for planning 
her future career. 

"In Tniich" profiles Brethren we 
would like you to meet. Send 
story ideas and photos thiatk 
and white, if possible) to "In 
Touch." Messenger. 14^1 
Dundee Ave.. Elgin. IL 60120. 

Fort Wayne. Ind.. and a 
graduate of Manchester 
College, about attending the 
week-long National Security 
Seminar last summer at the 
US Army War College, in 
Carlisle, Pa. 

This annual seminar is 
the capstone of a 10-month 
course in national security. 
Over 100 civilians represent- 
ing "the American people" 
serve as a final exam of sorts, 
challenging the attending 
military officers on interna- 
tional and domestic issues as 
they relate to national 

"I arrived at Carlisle 
Barracks without the statis- 
tics of the officers, but with a 
different understanding to 
share with them of what it 
means to serve human 
needs." said LuAnne. "The 
military really believes that it 
serves human needs by 

a better understanding of 
how I want to apply my 
learnings from the church 
to what I do and who I am." 
she said. 

So perhaps a little war 
study isn't so bad after all. 


Snellen Shivelv completed u 16- 
miinlh term of Brethren Volunteer 
Service (BVS) with Messencikr in 
December. She has bei>iiii uiioihcr 
BVS lour of service with ( 'imununify 
Crisis Center, in tiliioi. Ill 

The business of ministry 

Many people might not think 
of ministry and business 
going hand-in-hand, but the 
two come pretty naturally to 
Charles Kwon, a member of 
Reba Place Fellowship, in 
Evanston, 111. 

Charles just finished his 
master's degree in business. 
Before returning to the 
management consulting 
firm where he worked for 
five years, however, he's 
taken a year off to work part- 
time at Reba Place, setting 
up some new urban ministry 

A program at Reba Place 
called KIDS will help to 
empower children from the 
ages of 8 to 14 by helping 
them to recognize their skills 
and increase their self- 

African-American and 
other local leaders will be 
introduced to serve as role 
models for the kids. To 
encourage their creative 
expression, KIDS partici- 
pants also will produce their 
own newspaper. 

Another empowerment 
program in the works is 
South Evanston Oasis 

Charles Kwon {right} and 
Ken Stewart are co-leaders 
of the KIDS program. 

2 Messenger February 1993 

Project. This will minister to 
the needs of at-risk children 
from a day nursery all the 
way up to apprenticeship 

"A lot of the programs are 
still in the inception stage." 
he says, "and new ideas are 
coming along all the time." 

And what about when he 
returns to his management 
consulting job? "I love 
management, but 1 also feel 
called to these ministries to 
nurture and empower 
people." he says. "My sense 
is that my life in the future 
w ill have a mix of all of the 
above." — Sliellen Shively 

Far from 'square one' 

Rachel Brown, of Bridge- 

1 water ( Va.) Church of the 
Brethren, knows the congre- 

. gations of the denomination 
in a way that no one else 
does. Rachel is the coordina- 

i tor of the Annual Conference 

I quilting party that produces 
the quilts, comforters, and 
wall hangings auctioned to 

I benefit worthy projects (see 
August/September, page 28). 
Hers is a responsibility that 
requires creativity, organiza- 
tion, diplomacy, and a knack 

, for bringing together ideas, 

■ people, and fabrics. 

Each year Rachel provides 

i instructions for congrega- 
tions submitting quilt 
squares, selects fabrics for 
borders and backs, arranges 
the squares to best advan- 
tage, and has the Conference 

< logo depicted in each quilt's 
center. She sews the 350 or 
so squares into tops that are 
then quilted at Conference. 
Rachel's assignment is a 
big one, but she carries it out 

Ai Annual Conference. Rachel Bnwn most often can he 
fnind at her sewiiii; machine, puttint; quilt tops loi;ether. 

successfully each year. She 
know s that after over 20 
years of the quilting party 
and auction, there would be a 
lot of disappointed Brethren 
if she wavered in her 
devotion. — Nancy 
Shifflett Bowman 

Nancy Shifflcn Bin\nuin is a 
menittcr of Waxneshoro {Va } Cliurt h 
of ihf Bretlircit- Slie has \vorl<ed on 
many projects null Rai hcl Bi own 

Everybody has a story 

"Everybody has a story." 
claims Nelson Seese. His 
own story is told in a book of 
autobiographical recollec- 
tions titled Nelson: A 
Childhood Remembered. 
Reading such a book "makes 
other people think back." 
Nelson believes. "It jogs their 
memories, and they think of 
something from their (own) 

The setting for Nelson's 
boyhood reminiscences is the 
Washington, D.C., area, 
where he grew up and where 
he is a member of Arlington 
(Va.) Church of the Breth- 
ren. His book has been 
described by a Washington 
Post writer as "part Erma 

Bombeck and part Norman 

Traveling in New Zealand 
several years ago. Nelson 
saw an old tractor just like 
the one he rode as a child on 
his grandfather's Nokesville, 
Va., farm. Seeing the tractor 
inspired him to write about 
his early life. The writing 
continued until Nelson had a 
collection of stories that he 
compiled to create the book. 

The value of such books is 
that they contribute to the 
social record of the country. 
Enjoyed as nostalgia trigger- 
ers. they capture a social and 
cultural setting that is gone 
and will never be seen again. 

For $8. plus postage and 
handling. Nelson: A Child- 
hood Remembered can be 
ordered from Lizmar Press, 
2353 Mallory Court, Falls 
Church, VA 22043. 

Names in the news 

(iladys Jacobs, 8^), has been 
awarded the Volene 
Stockham Humanitarian 
Award by the Glendale 
(Ariz.) Community Council. 
Among the activities of this 
busy member of Glendale 

Church of the Brethren is 
Westside Food Bank, 
founded by a former pastor. 

• Naomi West, a member 
of Bridgewater ( Va.) Church 
of the Brethren, was named 
1992 Citizen of the Year by 
the Bridgewater Ruritan 
Club. Among her activities 
have been assisting refugee 
families settle into the 

• Tom Downey, a member 
of Washuigton (D.C.) City 
Church of the Brethren and a 
fonner member of the US 
House of Representatives 
(January, page 3), is cluster 
coordinator for Health/ 
Human Services in the new 
US administration. He 
assesses the slate of his 
agency and prepares briefing 
books for President Clinton 
and the cabinet. 

• Laura Lomas. a former 
Brethren Volunteer Service 
(BVS) worker, has been 
awarded a Fulbright grant 
to conduct research in 
Caribbean women's litera- 
ture in Jamaica. In BVS, she 
first was a member of the 
staff of the Committee of the 
Mothers of the Disappeared 
of El Salvador and then 
development coordinator of 
the Women's International 
Network for Development 
and Democracy in El 


Charles E. Zunkel. 87, died 
November 21, 1992, in North 
Manchester. Ind. He was 
executive for Ministry and 
Home Missions on the 
national staff. 1948-1958. 
and Annual Conference 
moderator in 1961. 

February 1993 Messenger 3 



ON ^■^C.:if:>,\%\\,M47T/£' DOiBY 

Manie Dolby 
graduated from 
Manchester Col- 
lege, sened as a 
missionan . and was 
the first woman in 
the Church of the 
Brethren installed 
in the ministry. But 
racial prejudice 
among the Brethren 
forced her out of the 

"Close In Hnme" highliglu.<i 
news iifcongregalinns. dislricls. 
colleges, homes, and other local and 
regional life. Send story ideas and 
phnlns Ihlaik and white, if possible) 
to "Close lo Home." Messenger. 
1451 Dundee Ave.. Elgin. IL 60120. 

Mattie makes the comics 

Many Brethren were sur- 
prised to find a bit of 
Brethren history aired in a 
comic strip. But there she 
w as — Mattie Dolby featured 
in the comic strip "Wee Pals" 

Brethren, on a sad note that 
puts the denomination in a 
bad Hght. Racial prejudice 
forced Mattie out of the 
Church of the Brethren. As 
the comic strip indicates, she 
spent the latter part of her 
life in the Church of God. 


DENT M\N\5TEU OF -nif 

for November 14. 1992. 

TTie major treatment of 
Mattie's life is the January 
1976 Messenger cover 
story. "Mattie Dolby: No 
Sound of Trumpet." by 
Mildred Hess Grimiey. In 
1985. Brethren Press 
published a children's book. 
Mattie Loves All. by the 
same author, with Mattie's 
story told in rhyme. 

In 1911, Mattie Dolby was 
installed as a minister in the 
Church of the Brethren, the 
first woman to achieve that 
position. (Famous Brethren 
preacher Sarah Major was 
never officially recognized as 
a minister.) 

Unfortunately, the Mattie 
Dolby story ends, for the 


Quilting for fun and profit 

"Star of Bluegrass." "Grand- 
mother's Flower Garden." 
"Log Cabin". . . the names 
don't give a clue about what 
the product is. unless you are 
a quilter or a quilt admirer. 
And the fi\e volunteer 
quilters who stitched those 
three popular designs for the 
recent Fall Festival at the 
Bridgewater ( Va.) Home are 
quilters of the first rank. 

Together, they have 
donated over 44,360 hours 
of stitching, they figure. 

quilting for fun (for them- 
selves) and for profit 
( Bridgew ater Home 

Through the year, the 
quilters gather each morning 
and afternoon in the sunroom 
of the home, and work away, 
charging quilt-owners by the 
yard of thread used,"" These 
are the tops that ow ners piece 
themselves and bring in to 
have quilted. Other quilts are 
done expressly for the 

Volunteer quilting is just 
one of the many ways that 
residents of Brethren 
retirement homes find to 
pursue a long-time hobby 
and help their home at the 
same time. 

An ocean for a baptistry 

It's a far cr>' from der daaf 
Blat: ("the dipping dam." in 
Pennsylvania Dutch). Instead 
of a pool in a creek, the 
Brethren of Eglise des 
freres Haitiens congrega- 
tion in Miami, Fla.. have the 
w hole Atlantic Ocean for 
their "dipping dam." 
Baptisms are held about 

Bridgewater Home quilters stitch for a good cause. Clock- 
wise from left: Doris Byrd. Lorena Upham. Edna Pence. 
Edna Frye. and Elizabeth Spitler. 

4 Messenger Febniar>- 1 993 

Narth Liberty has a small hut active youth i;roup. 


Amide Tolny is baptized by pastor Ludovic St. Fleur. assisted by Jackues Sanon (left). Mary 
Jean Baptiste holds a dry sheet ready to ward off the chill of the Atlantic. 

four times a year in this 
growing congregation. The 
photo captures the scene on 
i December 5. when five new 

members were baptized. 
ij Those participating in the 
I baptism gathered at the 
I church at 5:30 a.m. for 
:i prayer before making the 20- 
i minute drive to the beach. In 
I] the dawn's early light, the 
j candidates and ministers 
j waded out to a suitable depth 
I for the baptisms, done in the 
I traditional three-times- 
I forward way. 

This and that 

The youth at Big Sky 
Church of the Brethren, 
Froid, Mont., went door to 
door on Hallowe'en, passing 
out fliers explaining that, 
long ago, the poor were 
allowed to come to one's 
' door on the "Holy Evening," 
I seeking food. Christians 
prepared food and put a 
candle in their window to 
; indicate their readiness to 
I give gifts. Next day (All 

Saints Day) the youth came 
i back and collected food. 
I Their appeal resulted in 170 
items, which they donated to 
the Community Food Pantry 
in nearby Culbertson. 

• There are only five youth 
at North Liberty (hid.) 
Church of the Brethren, but. 
unfazed, they did the entire 
morning service at church on 
National Junior High 
Sunday, including music and 
a skit. 

• Sunday school children 
in Plymouth (Ind.) Church 
of the Brethren climaxed a 
summer of studying Brethren 
heritage with their Septem- 
ber 13 presentation of 
"Beards and Bonnets." The 
children retold the Brethren 

Patty Poor and Amanda Cole demonstrate their kno\\iedi;e of 
bread-hreakinii in the musical "Beards and Bomwts." 

story through skits, panto- 
mimes, rap songs, and 
puppets. For their studies, 
they had used resources 
prepared by Steve Bowers, of 
Cioshen, Ind., and Ron 
I'innev, a Pl\ mouth member. 

Campus comments 

Elizabethtown College's 

Young Center for the Study 
of Anabaptist and Pietist 
Groups is presenting a five- 
part lecture series, February 
5 through March 3 1 . on 
"Minority Voices: Old Order 
Anabaptists in North 
America." For more infor- 
mation on the lectures, call 
(717) 361-1470. 

• McPherson College 
students, faculty, and 
administration skipped meals 
on November 19. The fast 
was part of Oxfam America's 
19th annual Fast for a World 

• About 25 students at 
Elizabethtown College 
camped out the night of 
December 4, asking people to 
pledge money for each hour 
they spent on a chilly Eliza- 
bethtown street comer, sleep- 
ing in cardboard boxes. The 
students were raising money 
for a trip to Goulds, Fla., in 
March to help build houses 
for Habitat for Humanity. 

Let's celebrate 

Potsdam (Ohio) Church of 
the Brethren celebrated 
homecoming and the 
dedication of a remodeled 
barn September 6, 1992. The 
barn is now the church's 
fellowship hall. 

Fchruars I'W.' Messencer 5 


Global structure paper heads 
1 993 Conference business 

Topping the agenda of unfinished busi- 
ness for the l'-)93 Annual Conference is a 
paper on global church structure. Dele- 
gates will also address the General Board 
response to the 1990 query on organ and 
tissue donation. 

The Global Church Structure paper 
represents the findings of a study com- 
mittee called by Standing Committee to 
"study the issue and . . . propose long- 

Jini Walli.s 

Chciiics Boxer 

committee's relationship to Annual Cor 
ference and a revised insurance and pen 
sion benefits package for pastors. 

Charles Boyer, Annual Conference 
moderator, will preside over the busines 
sessions and preach at Wednesday eveni 
ing's worship. 

Other preachers are Jim Wallis, edito 
of Sojourners magazine and a founder c 
the Sojourners community in Washing- 
ton, D.C., on Tuesday; Richard Kyere- 
maten, pastor of Germantown (Pa.) 
Church of the Brethren, on Thursday; j 
Tracy Wenger Sadd, pastor of Hempfie! 
Church of the Brethren in East Peters- 
burg, Pa., on Friday; and Fred Bemharo 
pastor of Oakland Church of the Breth- 
ren in Gettysburg, Ohio, on Sunday. 

Saturday evening's worship will fea- 
ture youth participation and will be coo 
dinated by Chris Michael, staff for yout 
ministries, and Janice Kensinger, associ 
ate district executive for youth ministria 



The 1993 Animal 
Conference logo. 
"Proclaiming God's 
Peace." was designed 
hy Herb Eveland. of 
Plymouth. Ind. 

Because the news pages include news from various 
Church ofihe Brethren organizations and move- 
ments, the activities reported on may represent a 
variety of viewpoints. These pages also report on 
other national and international news relevant to 
Brethren. Information in news articles does not nec- 
essarily represent the opinions «/Me-SSENGF.r or the 
Church of the Brethren. 


tenn policies for how churches outside 
the US and Puerto Rico will relate to An- 
nual Conference and the denomination." 

Concerns regarding this issue began 
with a request for clarification on the or- 
dination of ministers not residing in a 
district of the church, and a request for 
structure to deal with the rapidly grow- 
ing global church. 

In other business, the General Board 
will present a policy statement on Native 
Americans, accompanied by a study 
process and action plan for the delegate 
body to consider. The statement responds 
to a resolution drafted by youth at the 
1992 Christian Citizenship Seminar. 

The Board will also report progress on 
the "Call to Evangelistic Outreach" from 
last year's Conference. 

The Pastoral Compensation and Bene- 
fits Advisory Committee will bring two 
items to the Conference floor — a clarifi- 
cation of a 1985 mandate regarding the 


1993 Regional Youth Conferences at Juni- 
ata College. Huntingdon, Pa.. March 27- 
28; McPherson ( Kan. ) College. April 2^; 
Bridgewaler ( Va. ) Col lege. April 1 7- 1 8; 
Manchester College. North Manctiester, 
Ind., April 23-25 [contact district youth 
advi.sorsorthe Youth Ministries Office, 
(800) 323-8039]. 

Called to Make Justice: Religious Com- 
munities Working Against Sexual and 
Domestic Violence co-sponsored hy the 
National Council of Churches and the Cen- 
ter for the Prevention of Sexual and Do- 
me.stic Violence, in Chicago, III., May 2-5 
[contact Joe Leonard, 243 Lenoir Ave., 
Wayne, PA 19087; (215) 688-0629]. 

Re-Imagining: A (ilobal Theological Con- 
ference to celebrate the mid-point in the 
World Council of Churches' decade in sol- 
idarity with women, featuring 30 present- 
ers re-imagining the symbols, stories, and 
themes of religious tradition to empower 
women in the church, at the Minneapolis 
Convention Center. Minneapolis, Minn., 
November 4-7 [contact Sally L. Hill. 122 
W. Franklin, Minneapolis. MN 55404]. 

6 Messenger February 1993 


fichiinl KMii'imircii 

Tnux Wi'iiger Sudd 

I Atlantic Northeast District. 
Robert Kettering, from Manheim. Pa., 
ill be music coordinator. At Tuesday 
'ening's worship, music will be pro- 
ded by a choir from Northern Indiana 
istrict directed by Ben Sollenberger, of 
irt Wayne, Ind. On Wednesday, Thurs- 
i\ . and Sunday, the Conference choir 
lill perform, led by Emmert Rice, from 
ambard. 111. Ethnic and multicultural 
usic will be featured during worship on 
•ida>' and Saturday. 

The theme of this year's Conference is 
Voclaiming God's Peace." Herb Eve- 
iid. of Plymouth, Ind., created the logo 

'Business sessions, worship services. 
;hibits. and insiaht sessions will be 

Brethren volunteer begins 
work in Belgrade, Serbia 

A Brethren Volunteer Service (BVS) 
worker has begun service at a peace 
center in Belgrade, Serbia. 

Patrick Morgan, of Akron, Ind,. is 
working at the Center for Anti-war 
Action. In his 
third year of 
BVS, Morgan 
entered Serbia 
in November 
last year, after 
taking media- 
tion training in 
The war be- 
tween Croatia, Bosnia, and Serbia is 
not taking place in the Belgrade area. 
Morgan's responsibility is to assist 
with the center's communications to 
the outside world, especially with 
other peace organizations. Part of the 
job consists of setting up electronic 
mail and a computer network. 

"People in the west need to be 
aware that the Serbians are human 
beings and are not the devils they are 
made out to be." said Morgan. "It is 

held at the Indiana 
Convention Center 
in downtown 

FicdBcinhanI ^ 

Some meetings will also be held in the 
adjacent Hyatt Regency Hotel. 

Special events this year include the 
second Association of Brethren Care- 
givers health festival and a celebration of 
the 45th anniversary of Brethren 
Volunteer Service. The Association of 
the Arts in the Church of the Brethren is 
sponsoring a new "Juried Showcase" (in 
addition to its usual display) that will 
feature Brethren works chosen for their 
superior quality. 

A Saturday evening concert will be 
given by pianist Marvin Blickenstaff, 
professor of music at Goshen (Ind.) Col- 
lege. Jolene Bollinger, Fort Wayne, Ind., 
is coordinating early evening concerts. 

Information about registration, accom- 

difficult because no one knows what 
to do. Sanctions seem like the best 
thing, but they are a form of violence 
and are tearing the country apart." he 

Morgan, a Catholic, is a 1990 grad- 
uate of Manchester College, North 
Manchester, Ind., with a bachelors de- 
gree in communications. He worked 
for two years at the Interfaith Peace 
Center in Rome. Italy, prior to his as- 
signment in Serbia. 

The length of his stay depended on 
the outcome of the presidential elec- 
tions, held December 20, and any 
additional sanctions placed on the 

"It is a time of anxiety and I'm get- 
ting mixed messages," said Mor-gan 
prior to the elections, "For a foreigner 
it is very difficult because a lot of the 
propaganda from the president 
(Slobodan Milosevic) says that "for- 
eigners are a big influence on the 
problems.' " 

The Center for Anti-war Action, a 
coalition of peace and anti-war 
groups, was formed in July 1991 with 
the intention of being a peace pres- 
ence in the former Yugoslavia. 

modations, transportation, and special 
events will be mailed to all churches and 
registered delegates in March. Confer- 
ence booklets will be available in May. 
Contact the Annual Conference Office, 
14.51 Dundee Ave., Elgin, IL 60120. 
— SuellenShively 

Second EYN leader 
dies in car accident 

Boaz Maina. who was named acting gen- 
eral secretary for Ekklesiyar "Yanuwa a 
Nigeria (EYN, the Church of the Breth- 
ren in Nigeria) following the death of 
former general secretary John Guli, died 
December 13 in a car accident. 

Maina and five others from the EYN 
headquarters were driving to an ordina- 
tion service in Maiduguri when the ac- 
cident happened. Mai Sule Biu, a well- 
known church leader, was also critically 
injured in the crash. 

Guli was killed October 1 1 when he 
was hit by a car outside the EYN head- 
quarters, near the town of Mubi (see 
December, page 7). 

Maina served twice before as general 
secretary, in 1976-77 and 1984-8.5. He 
served 17 years as a Gunduma secretary, 
the equivalent of a district executive. In 
1989 he was selected to come to the US 
to study at Bethany Seminary in Oak 
Brook, III., and completed his degree last 
year. He is survived by his wife. Saraya, 
and their nine children. 

Februarv 1W3 Messenger 7 


Brethren from the US mainland joined Puerto Rican Brethren and representa- 
tives ofCastaiier (PR.) Hospital in a ground-breaking for a new building. 

Castaher celebration recalls 
history of Brethren service 

About 300 visitors from outside the is- 
land gathered in Castaner, Puerto 
Rico. November 14-22, 1992, to cele- 
brate the 50th anniversary of Castaner 
Hospital. Many of them were "alum- 
ni" of various Civilian Public Service 
(CPS) and Brethren Volunteer Service 
(BVS) units who had come to Cas- 
tafier through the years to work at the 
hospital and in the community. 

The celebration was orchestrated 
largely by Elsa Zapata de Groff and 
volunteers Ellen and Ray Swihart, 
and kicked off with an ecumenical 
worship service with former Castaner 
pastor Guillermo Encamacion. Events 
intentionally provided returning vol- 
unteers not only with opportunities of 
reunion, but also participation in a 
Health Care Conference sponsored by 
the Association of Brethren Caregiv- 
ers and in the annual meeting of the 
Hispanic Assembly. 

Lectures, workshops, and worship 
services enriched the visitors and al- 
lowed for fruitful cross-cultural exper- 
iences. Among featured speakers were 

Charles Boyer, 1993 Annual Confer- 
ence moderator, and Sylvia Talbot of 
the World Council of Churches. 

In a recognition banquet, the high- 
light of the week for many, the history 
of Castaner Hospital and its impact on 
the community were recalled and all 
former volunteers recognized. Mem- 
bers of the Martin G. Brumbaugh 
unit, which started medical work in 
Castafier in 1942, received the Homer 
Burke Award. Six of the 13 original 
members were present. 

The celebration culminated in a 
ground-breaking ceremony for a new 
building in the hospital complex in- 
tended for housing doctors and their 
families. The joint effort of the Puerto 
Rican Brethren and their North 
American counterparts was symbol- 
ically expressed as shovels were 
turned by Luis Beltran, president of 
the Castaner Hospital board; members 
of the Castafier church; representa- 
tives of the Association of Brethren 
Caregivers; and representatives of the 
General Board, including Board 
chairman David Wine and general 
secretary Donald Miller. — KAREN S. 

Curriculum teaches Brethren 
history in Nigerian church 

A curriculum that tells the story of the 
Church of the Brethren has become a 
popular item in congregations of Ekkle- 
siyar 'Yanuwa a Nigeria (EYN — the 
Church of the Brethren in Nigeria). Re- 
leased in September, the first 186-page 
book in the new curriculum is printed ir 
English and Hausa, 

Introduction to Brethren History, the 
first book in the Theological Education \ 
by Extension series, covers the church's 
beginnings in Europe, its move to Amei 
ica. ventures in missions, education, anc' 
service, and growth in Nigeria. j 

To strengthen understanding of Brethj 
ren heritage and beliefs among its peo- 
ple. EYN asked General Board staff 
Galen Hackman to write the materials 
for its TEE program. Because its inex- 
pensive, self-study approach is open to i 
wide range of students, the TEE prograi 
has about 1,500 students participating. 

Hackman is now writing a second 
book on Brethren beliefs and values. 

Funding for the writing and printing 
was carried by the General Board. 

In other Nigeria developments, a re- 
cent tally reveals that the EYN memberj 
ship figure now exceeds 100,000. Be- 
cause of EYN guidelines on matching 
membership figures with actual paid 
assessments, the official report notes 
62,000 members. 

Hurricane Andrew, Balkans 
receive additional grants 

An additional $50,000 has been allocat 
from the Emergency Disaster Fund for 
disaster response in Florida and Louisi-i 
ana related to Hurricane Andrew. The 
money will purchase supplies to repair 
and rebuild homes. 

In response to the needs of people di? 
placed by civil war in the Balkans, an 
additional $20,000 has been allocated. 
The grant will assist in supplying food, 
medicine, clothing, and shelter to the 
two million displaced people in the 
former Yugoslavia. 

8 Messenger February 1 99.1 

Jerri Meitshaw 

Kathrxn A- Lee 

iltaff changes announced 
ty District, Board, BBT 

K Kugene Lichty began January 4 as 
;iterim district executive of Western 
Jains District for one year. He has been 
pastor and also has served as director 
f development for McPherson (Kan.) 

' Terri Meushaw has begun as director 
f the conference center/marketing asso- 
ate tor the New Windsor (Md.) Service 
Jenter. Since 1986 she has served as sec- 
tary to the director of center operations 
id as marketing associate for cen-ter 
Kathryn A. Lee began work as con- 
Dller for the Brethren Benefit Trust in 
inuary. She is a graduate of McPher- 

son College and most recently was em- 
ployed by the firm of Ernst & Young. St. 
Louis, Mo. 

National Youth Conference 
coordinator selected for '94 

Shawn Replogle. national youth work- 
camp coordinator, will coordinate Na- 
tional Youth Conference (NYC) in 1994. 
Wendi Hutchinson is the 1994 work- 
camp coordinator and NYC assistant. 

Replogle is a 1992 graduate of Bridge- 
water (Va.) College and currently works 
in youth ministries through Brethren 
Volunteer Service (BVS). 

Shawn Replogle 

Wendi Hutchinson 

Board-appointed trustees 
are contested in India 

Lamar Gibble, General Board repre- 
sentative for Asia, traveled to India in 
November to testify in a dispute over 
former Brethren mission properties. 
Four trustee appointments made by 
the General Board have been chal- 
lenged by a group in India that calls 
itself Brethren. 

Gibble was summoned to appear be- 
fore the Assistant Charity Commis- 
sioner in Surat. Gujarat State, who is 
adjudicating a dispute between the 
Church of North India (CNI) and the 
separated group. 

The CNI was formed in 1970 by the 
Church of the Brethren along with the 
Anglican Church, the Disciples of 
Christ, and Presbyterians. The sepa- 
rated group claims property for which 
the Church of the Brethren is still 
listed as title holder. 

Gibble presented the court with in- 

formation regarding procedures fol- 
lowed and actions taken by the Board 
in the process of appointing trustees 
to fill vacancies that have occurred 
since 1987. Similar information had 
been presented in attested affidavits, 
but the separated group questioned 
their veracity unless a representative 
of the Board was present for cross ex- 

The separated group has brought 
several challenges in an effort to gain 
control and ownership of former 
Brethren mission properties. The 
commissioner has not yet given a de- 
cision in the case. The Board hopes 
"that the challenge by the contesting 
group will be dismissed and that (the 
Board's) appointees will be accepted 
so that the responsible administration 
of the former mission property can be 
reestablished and transferred soon to 
the control of the CNI for use in the 
work and witness of the church," 
Gibble said. 

Hutchinson will join BVS and begin 
her work in youth ministries after she 
graduates from Elizabethtown (Pa.) 
College in May. 

Replogle and Hutchinson will work 
with the National Youth Cabinet to plan 
NYC, to be held July 26-31, 1994. 

Speakers set for 1993 
evangelism academies 

Principal speakers, locations, and dates 
have been announced for this year's 
Evangelism Leaders Academies. 

The six conferences will be held June 
7-10 at Warner Southern College, Lake 
Wales, Fla.: July 5-8 at Lebanon Valley 
College, Annville, Pa.: July 12-15 at 
Taylor University, Upland, Ind.: August 
9-12 at the University of La Verne, 
Calif.; July 19-22 at Bethel College. 
North Newton. Kan.; and August 9-12 at 
Warner Pacific College, Portland, Ore. 

Principal speakers for the first two 
events are Doug Murren. pastor of the 
Eastside Foursquare Church, Kirkland, 
Wash., and Jenny Jackson-Adams, pastor 
of the Momingside United Methodist 
Church, Americus, Ga. Murren will 
speak on the topic, "The 21st Century 
Leader: New Visions for a New Era," 
and Jackson-Adams will address the 
topic, "How to Activate a Passive Con- 

Speakers at Taylor University and the 
University of La Verne are author and 
lecturer Norman Shawchuck and Angel 
Torro, pastor of the Good Shepherd 
United Methodist Church, Lake Placid, 
Fla. Shawchuck will speak on "Market- 
ing for Congregations," and Torro on 
"Witnessing with the Spirit's Power." 

Cynthia Hale, pastor of the Ra\ of 
Hope Christian Church, Decatur, Ga., 
and Terry Hershey. executive director of 
Christian Focus, are featured speakers at 
the last two academies. Hale will address 
"Managing Conflict and Change in a 
Growing Church," and Hershey will talk 
about "How to Reach Single Adults." 

For more information, contact Barb 
Faga. 1451 Dundee .\\q.. Elgin. IL 
601120: (800) 323-8039. 

Februan IW."! Messenger 9 

Independent Sector, an umbrella group of 850 organizations 
including service agencies, foundations, and charitable institutions, 
has urged President Bill Clinton to ease the burden on religious 
groups and other agencies that provide human services. 

In a letter to Clinton, the group listed five initiatives aimed at pro- 
viding financial relief to charitable organizations: more influence over 
policy decisions, preferred rates for nonprofit mail, repeal of the three- 
percent floor on itemized tax deductions for charitable contributions, 
restoration of full tax deductibility of gifts of appreciated property, and 
reversal of government policies that shift more responsibility for hu- 
man services to voluntary organizations while cutting federal funds 
that support those groups. 

Giving to charities is up among teens ages 12-17. A new 
study by Independent Sector shows that nearly two-thirds of teenag- 
ers give some of their time to non-profit work, and 50 percent donate 
money to favorite causes. The study of 1 .404 teenagers found religi- 
ous institutions and schools have a marked influence on volunteering. 

Anglican Archbishop Desmond Tutu was re-elected to a 
second term as president of the All Africa Conference of Churches at 
its sixth assembly. Tutu, from South Africa, will head the 25-member 
committee for a five-year term. 

Grants to combat racism have been announced by the 
World Council of Churches. Eight names added to the WCC grant list 

this year brought the total amount dispersed from the council's Speciii 
Fund to Combat Racism to $375,500. Recipients represented 21 ra- 
cially oppressed groups and eight anti-racism support groups. 

The top three religious groups in Congress following last No- 
vember's elections are still Roman Catholics, United Methodists, and i 
Baptists. Catholics represent more than double the number of United j 
Methodists with 141 to 65. There are 62 Baptists, 54 Presbyterians, ' 
and 50 Episcopalians in Congress. Also represented are Jews, Lutheij 
ans, members of the United Church of Christ, Mormons, Unitarians, 
and other Protestants. 

Giving by church members has increased over the past 
two decades, but a new study concludes that less of that money is 
going to charity, and more is going to meet church expenses. The 
study conducted by "empty tomb, inc." of Champaign, III., also says 
that Christians in churches tied to the National Association of Evan- 
gelicals give a higher percentage of their income to the church than d. 
those in churches affiliated with the National Council of Churches. 

US Hindu and IVIuslim leaders agree that the key to les- 
sening religious tension between Hindus and Muslims in India is toler 
ance and cooperation. The struggle between the two factions turned 
violent in December with the destruction of a mosque by Hindu 
extremists. India's prime minister has upheld the constitution's 
mandate that the nation be sec-ular in character. 

Board of National Council 
rejects ties to gay church 

In November the general board of the 
National Council of Churches (NCC) in 
a 90-8 1 vote decided not to act on an ap- 
plication for observer status from the 
Metropolitan Community Churches. The 
30.0()()-member denomination is made 
up mainly of gay.s and lesbians. 

In 1983 the NCC indefinitely tabled 
Metropolitan's application for member- 
ship and began a series of meetings with 
leaders of the church. Threats of a pull- 
out from the NCC by Orthodox member 
churches were larely responsible for the 
1983 decision, according to Religious 
News Service (RNS). 

Martin Bailey, an NCC official, said 
Orthodox representatives were at the 
center of opposition in November, joined 
by Korean Presbyterians and African 
Americans. Bailey said an unofficial poll 
of leaders of the NCC's 32 member com- 
munions indicated that up to 12 churches 
might leave the council if the Metropoli- 

10 Messenger Februarj 1993 

tan Churches were given observer status. 

The vote prompted a protest at the 
meeting. "It's easier to get into heaven 
than into the NCC," Metropolitan 
ecumenical officer Nancy Wilson said. 

The November decision, made after 
four-and-a-half hours of floor debate, 
was "one of the most painful decisions" 
in its history, an NCC summary said. 

BVS orientations are 
scheduled for 1993 

Brethren Volunteer Service (BVS) has 
announced its orientation schedule for 
the year. Chicago. III., was the site of the 
first orientation, January 10-30. Four 
others will be offered, in Texas, April 
18-May 8; Chicago, July 18-August 7; 
Pennsylvania, August 15-25 (in coopera- 
tion with the Brethren Revival Fellow- 
ship); and Washington. D.C.. September 
Contact Phyllis Michaelsen, BVS Re- 

cruitment. 1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin. IL 
60120; (800) 323-8039. Apply four 
months before the desired orientation 
date. Volunteers must be at least 18 yeat 
old. high school graduates, and commit- 
ted to at least one year of service. 

New program seeks response 
from inactive young adults 

"Where is the church missing us?" a nc 
project of the Young Adult Steering 
Committee, encourages churches to mee 
with inactive young adults to listen to 
their ideas, concerns, and needs. 

The project is not intended to "manip- 
ulate young adults into coming back to 
church." according to the young adult 
ministries office, but "is an opportunity 
for churches to get honest feedback aboi 
how and why they are missing young 
adults." Contact Chris Michael, Young 
Adult Ministry Office, 1451 Dundee 
Ave., Elgin, IL 60120; (800) 323-8039. 

How far away is South Africa? 

py Eric B. Bishop 

came to me suddenly. I knew why I 
ad this empty feeling about the trip to 
outh Africa on the General Board 
earning tour, and why I have been un- 
ible to answer people when they ask me 
ibout it. I worried for two months after 
ly return, wondering why I had not 
iome away with the "life-changing" 
ixperience. It actually is simple: It was 
lot life-changing. 

I quickly realized you do not have to 
()ok really hard to see the similarities. In 
ly eyes — those of an African-American 
lale — there are more similarities 
etween the United States and South 
Ifrica than differences. 

I wondered what feelings I would have 
1 my mind and heart when I stepped off 
le plane in the motherland. I was 
xcited. And I was nervous. Where we 
'ere going was not the most tranquil of 
laces. But then, I wasn't coming from 
lie most tranquil of places either. Prior to 
eparture, my friends and I joked that 
nere were few things short of physical 
larm that would be either a shock or that 
icould not handle. 

South Africa is a land caught up in a 
lattle for power. It is a land where 
olitical parties kill, and the leaders of the 
ovemment are the minority. The inner- 
jities of Chicago, Los Angeles, and New 
i'ork are locked in a similar battle. There 
eople kill and are killed daily, and we 
iften wonder who is in control. 
■ How I was treated as an African- 
.merican in South Africa is actually one 
f the easiest questions to answer. I was 
reeted with open arms, hugs, hand- 
nakes, and smiles. Officially, apartheid 
i; outlawed, but it is not difficult to see 
lat the effects still remain. Young black 
|ien are often detained by the police for 
o reason. This may include abuse and 
)rture. But it is not uncommon for 
oung black men here in the US to be 
etained (or beaten). 

Soiilh African Police and Defense Forces patrol the streets in tank-like casspirs. 

It was surprising to meet so many 
people who had been detained or ar- 
rested, or were returning from exile. Until 
I spoke with my North American accent, 
I was just another black man in South 
Africa. A group of us were stopped at a 
road block. A black South African, Sox, 
and I were searched. It angered my two 
white friends that I was searched and they 
were not, but it was more to their surprise 
than mine. Sox and I took the search in 
stride. It was evident that this was not 
new to Sox, who got out of the car and 
opened the trunk as if it were second 
nature. He told us that he was used to it. 

You don't have to go far from home in 
the US to find an African-American male 
above the age of 16 who has been 
haras.sed by police at some point in his 
life. The lump in my throat and the 
increase in my heart rate when 1 see a 
patrol car behind me is typical. An 
unwritten law in most major US cities is 
that if a vehicle has more than three 
African-American males in it. it needs to 
be stopped. Our police cruise in their 
black and white patrol cars. In South 
Africa, the police patrol regularly in cass- 

pirs. These are large tank-like vehicles 
that can carry up to 10 police officers. 

"They (the police) just sit there, and it 
incites people because it's like we cannot 
live on our own," said Mamabollo. a 
Presbyterian pastor in Sharpeville. 
"People get angry when they see them, 
and it would be more peaceful if they left 
us alone." 

Regardless of where people live, one 
continuing factor in everyone's life is the 
threat of violence. There are disputes 
over the source of the violence, hut 
clearly much of it is caused by the South 
African Police (SAP) and the South 
African Defense Forces (SADF). 

The country's youth are the victims of 
much of the violence. Many believe the 
youth are the strength of the future and 
are more likely to be impatient and 
militant. Reports of people being shot, 
stabbed, and even burned are not uncom- 
mon. Members of the clergy often are 
caught in the middle and may be accused 
of taking sides for performing pastoral 
duties, including funerals. 

Much of the violence happens in 
hostels, the large dormitory-like buildings 

February iW3 Messenger 11 

Top: Coffins for the people killed in the 
Bisho massacre were lined up a! a mass 

Above: Acc/uilla Dumakude and her 

mother describe stories of violence, in 
their township near Durban. 

in which rural people come to li\e while 
working in urban areas. Tlie vast majority 
of the hostels are single-sex buildings for 
men to live in who have left their 
families to find work. Much violence 
occurs between residents of the town- 
ships and the hostels. Many people claim 
the hostels are used by the government to 
bring members of opposing political 
parties into one area to terrorize the 
townships. Homes in the immediate 
vicinity of most, if not all the hostels, are 
burned out. destroyed and/or vacated 
because of violence. We visited a church 
that was housing families displaced 
because of the violence. This particular 
church housed 16 families, each with 
four to 10 children. 

Although I am a person who avoids 
funerals. I found myself and four 
members of the learning tour group in a 

Emilio Castro, former i>eneral secretary 
of the World Council of Churches, 
delivered the sermon at the tnass funeral. 

crowd of approximately 100.000 people 
attending a mass funeral for 28 people 
slain in the Bisho massacre. The 
international community was there, 
including Emilio Castro, former general 
secretary of the World Council of 
Churches. The police were also there. 
surrounding the stadium and circling in 
two helicopters, filling the entire 
experience with tension and anxiety. 
After all. this was one of those events at 
which violence occurs. I thought when I 
saw the people coming into town, in 
buses, on foot, in cars and vans, that in 
the US only our celebrities and national 
leaders are buried with such honor. 

People who live in the hostels and the 
inadequate housing of South Africa 
would find our US housing projects 
familiar. Both places keep groups of 
people together where they can be 

controlled, and both are neglected by th( 
powers that created these slums. 

The South African education system 
continues to be inferior for blacks, and 
they are lucky to finish high school. To 
attend integrated schools, they must pay 
high tuition fees after passing entrance 
examinations. I remember attending an 
inner-city high school and watching as 
funds were distributed to the suburban 
schools. Schools in our major cities are 
treated like second-class institutions. 
Funding works on the ever popular 
trickle-down theory. 

■"The system of education w as designe 
to teach a black child he has no place in 
South Africa above a certain level." said! 
Pallo Jordan, information officer for the, 
African National Congress. "Blacks wer 
governed as a conquered people w ith no 
rights to speak of. and fundamentally no 
a great deal has changed." 

High unemplo\ment among blacks is 
also a problem in both countries. The 
unemployment rate for blacks in South 
Africa hovers around 70 percent. Those 
that have jobs talk of pay unequal to thai 
of their white counterparts. The majority 
of available jobs for blacks include 
construction, plumbing, and manual 
labor. In many cases, the people told us 
the blacks are considered labor units 
rather than people. 

A concern that many black South 
Africans expressed was that when a nev 
government comes to pow er — a black- 
led government — there will be "white 
flight" among some of the top profes- 
sionals including health care and other 
professions. This is the point at which 
they hope the international community 
will come to the country's aid and assis 
with training programs for professional 
The>' want to know that we stand in sol 
darity and will be there to assist them. 

One of the most disturbing things for 
me is our country's penchant for ignor- 
ing Africa and countries with people of 
African descent. Accurate media 
coverage is sparse. We rush to the aid o 
the former Soviet Union, and are open i 
accepting refugees from Bosnia. Yet, at 
the same time, we turn back boatloads ( 

1 2 Messenger Februarv 199.1 

aiiians who fear for their lives, and we 
iiok our own sweet time to respond to 
le star\'ation in Somalia. 
Like minorities in our country, most 
lack South Africans simply want the 
ght to vote, a job. the ability to take care 
f their famih. and to live in peace. 
The people I talked with were sur- 
rised when I told them that life for a 
lack man was not that different in the 
nited States, but that our problems 
ere on a much smaller level. Their 
erception of our country is what they 
.'e in the movies. We told them that not 
■vciAone owns a house or a car. that 
lere is high unemployment among 
lacks here, and that we also grow up 
■aring the police. 

' Also still in place are the govemment- 
nposed "homelands." In effect, the 10 
Diiielands are countries within a country, 
he South African government has 
olated the areas, which have their own 
■adcrs and are not considered South 
.t'ncan soil. However, the government 
nitmues to finance the homeland leaders 
111 ^upplies them v.ith members of the 
AP and SADF. 

: In many ways, the homeland system in 
outh Africa is similar to the reser\ ation 
/stem set up by our government for 
Jative Americans. Both have separate 
^ind with some laws that apply only to 
le local community. And in both cases, 
uas land "given" after what was 
ghtfulK theirs was taken away. 
South Africa continues to be divided 
y race and color. People are classified 
s either white (of European descent), 
lack (of African descent), coloured (of 
lixed race), or Indian. Unfortunately. 
e in the US do the same thing: we just 
ct as if we don't and refuse to admit 
lat we do. 

I saw this scripture in numerous places 
iroughout South Africa. It seemed as apt 
ow as in the day of the Psalmist: 
My God. my God. why have you 
>rscikeii me? Why are you so far from 
\elping me. from the words of my 
\roaning^ O my God. I cry by day. hut 
ou do not answer: and by night, 
utfind no rest (Psa. 22:1-2). 


Top: A South African woman constructs a luiusc of mud and sticks. 

Above: The South African learning tour members (from left): Mattie Jackson. Dayton. 
Ohio: .loan Gerig. Chicago. III.: Minva Reid. Dayton. Ohio: Mary Scott-Boria. 
Chicago. III.: .loan Deeter. executive of the General Board's World Ministries 
Commission: Gloria Kindy. Indianapolis. lud.: Todd Wenger. Church of the Brethren 
Washington Office: Mary Blocher Smeltzer. La Verne. Calif.: and Mervin Keeney. 
Africa and Middle East representative on the General Board staff. 

Learning tour recommendations 

The South Africa learning tour inembers listed the following recommendations: 

• That the Church of the Brethren continue to support anti-apartheid efforts in 
South Africa. 

• That individuals and churches be encouraged to establish connections like 
exchange visits, sister community relationships, college sponsorships, the South 
African Council of Churches covenant project, and other opportunities for 

• That Church of the Brethren members be encouraged to support economic 
sanctions until a fully democratic govemment is in place. 

Fehruar\ IW3 Messenger 13 

Annual Conference moderator Chuck Boxer is in his fifth year 
as pastor of La Verne (Calif.) Church of the Brethren. 

Moderator Chuck Boyer: 

What you see is what you get 

by George Keeler 

Charles ("Chuck") Boyer squints 
against the Southern California sun and 
describes who he is: "Tm a caring 
person. I'm a team player, I'm Brethren 
through and through. I'm a sports fan." 
He pauses. ".And I'm a healer." 

No. he's more than that, says Carol 
Wise, associate minister of La Verne 
Church of the Brethren. "He's an 
affirming pastor who is gentle with 
people's souls." 

No. more than that, says Owen 
Wright, long-time friend and physical 
education professor at the University of 
La Verne. "He is an arbitrator who is 
concise and who will make a decision 
that sticks." 

No, more than that, says Julie Kurtz, 
director of children's ministry at the La 
Verne church. "He's a storyteller, a 
generous person who loves to laugh, and 
a person appreciative of the people with 
whom he works." 

No. more than that, says June Adams 
Gibble. staff for congregational nurture 
at the Church of the Brethren General 

Offices, in Elgin. III. "He is a person of 
passion who is completely committed to 
peace and shalom in God's world." 

Notice how no one. including Chuck, 
mentions that he is also moderator of 
Annual Conference, the first from the 
West Coast in .10 years. To say such 
would be stating the obvious. To point 
that out would be as out of place as 
applauding after a great sermon. Chuck 
just naturally looks and acts like a 
Brethren leader. Hollywood would cast 
him in the role in a heartbeat. 

Oo what does Chuck think of being 
moderator? "I'm honored and will 
always be thankful, but it's not going to 
change me in hardly one way, and it's 
not that important to me." He did not 
seek the position; his name was submit- 
ted with his consent, "and I didn't say 
beans about it." 

Yes, he's humble. It's a quality ham- 
mered into him by his parents. "Next to 
murder, vanity and boastfulness were the 
hardest for my parents to take. And I got 
a real strong dose of that." he says. So 

humility aside. Chuck tries the question 
again. "The position is invigorating. I'v 
met the finest people in the church who 
come to meetings and want to share. I 
feel blessed. I've observed creative 
worship and programs during my travel 
It is a fine experience that 1 will always 
be thankful for." 

Okay, time to forget about the silver 
hair, professorial silver glasses, and 
youthful enthusiasm. Don't be deceived 
by the soft "Aw, shucks" mannerisms 
and disarming country humor. Disregar 
the unassuming, easygoing demeanor 
and the ability to make you a friend for 
life just by shaking your hand. Yes, 
beneath this gentle persona is a Brethre 
with tough convictions — some that 
Chuck admits are out in front of present 
denominational positions. 

Take, for example, peace issues, one 
of his assignments when he was on the 
General Board staff. Chuck, like many 
Brethren, has participated in peace vigil 
and rallies in places such as Washingtoi 
D.C., Pittsburgh. Pa., and St. Charles. 
111., among many others. But unlike 
many Brethren, he has been arrested— 

14.Vlessenger Februar> \99i 

everal times — standing up for his 

"I hate the outfront kind of things 

here I cause others pain. Every time 
,'ve been in vigils or been arrested, I 
terally was sick in my stomach before I 
articipated in those things. 
, "I really struggle with that. Never- 
jieless, there are times when I've 
bought I just had to take a stand for 
lomething. But I know a lot of people 
|/ondered whether a staff member or a 
lastor ought to be doing that. For my 
|wn sanity at that time, I fell that I 
eeded to be doing it. But I don't like 
lose things at all." 

Chuck says Christians have a responsi- 
ility to speak out, an idea reinforced in 
im by talking with Gennan Christians 
vho didn't speak out during World 
Var II and who afterward admitted they 
Tobably wouldn't again because of fear. 
il never had to face that kind of risk. I 
elt, my goodness, I have to give a 
afferent kind of testimony here to try to 
ir and jog us so we don't get to the point 
Uhere we have to face suppression." 

Take, for example, politics. "Over the 

years, I have not put too much faith in 
political decisions. Part of me used to 
identify with the old Brethren philosophy 
of not getting involved — staying above or 
in the middle of political debates and not 
wasting much energy choosing sides." 
That has changed. Chuck says. "There's 
an Appalachian saying that contends, 
'There's nothin' in the middle of the 
road 'cept a yellow line and a dead 
'possum.' Brethren should lake stands on 
significant issues, and may we care about 
all God's people — the unemployed, the 
homeles.s — as we vote and participate in 
the political process. If we are a people 
of faith, we are not going to be in the 
middle of the road." 


..ake, for example, human sexuality, 
a tough question, he acknowledges, to 
know how to handle for the good of the 
church. His brown eyes smolder as he 
accounts, "I have written very straight- 
forwardly to individuals and said that I 
personally am ready to accept gay, 
lesbian, and bisexual people into 
positions of leadership in the church." 

Take, for example, the future of the 
church: "The Church of the Brethren 
needs to decide whether it is and wants 
to be unique. To set out to be different 
for difference's sake makes no sense. If 
we have some parts of the gospel that we 
can share and inteiprel in ways that 
others cannot, there probably is still a 
place for us. 

"But if we are really going to be a 
mainline church, then it probably is time 
for us to cease to exist as a denomina- 
tion. If we are going to hang together, we 
need to be increasingly compassionate 
toward each other and develop a feeling 
that we are a denomination, not just a 
group of congregations." 

Chuck Boyer is not going to India- 
napolis to force his agenda on the 
denomination. Brethren who face Chuck 
in Indianapolis will find a person who 
will listen to their faith stories. "There. I 
don't make the decisions. I'm the facili- 
tator, listening and guiding and follow- 
ing Annual Conference precedents. But. 
the night I preach there, you will hear 
my opinions. As moderator, I will help 
us find as much consensus as possible in 

Talking with a group of University of La Verne students. Chuck feels right at home, having 
been a campus minister. B\S director, and peace consultant earlier in his career. 

February 199.1 Messenger 15 

understanding how to move together. 
That's not easy in our denomination. I 
sometimes wonder how we hang to- 
gether, given our tremendous diversity. 

"T believe I was called to be moderator 
partly because of the things I stood for 
over the years, many of which were the 
consensus of the Church of the Brethren 
at the time. But there were not very 
many of us being arrested and incar- 
cerated overnight because of peace issues 
or holding out as war-tax resisters." He 
adds. "In that sense. I'm willing to speak 
out. I've always struggled because I 
knew how hard I thought before I did 
things like that." 

Chuck relaxes for a moment and says, 
"I wonder whether I would have been 
elected moderator if I had dealt openly 
w ith my feelings in front of Conference 
before being elected." He regards himself 
as being a strong team player. ".At times, 
I will step out and take a stand, but if I 
thought I was going to hurt the team. I'd 
think a long time before doing it. I 
believe we should work with consensus 
as much as we can." 

Tlie issue of conflict is a constant 
value struggle for Chuck. "I am so 
typically Brethren. In so many ways, I 
shy away from conflict. I really don't like 
that about myself. I feel that is one of the 
problems with our church: We don't 
know how to disagree in love. I think I 
try very hard to have people like me, and 
I do genuinely like most people. But I 
sometimes feel I'm doing that because 

really I'm afraid to deal with conflict. 
I've had some people say to me when 
they get angry, 'You're such a nice guy, 
it's hard to argue with you." " 

In many ways Chuck is regarded as a 
healer. Nevertheless, he is attracted to 
people who are different from him. 
"Diverse people can work together. We 
can make so much more happen. We can 
appeal to a broader range of people. 
When 1 left the General Offices, many 
people there said I had been like a pastor 
to them. I was overwhelmed. 1 ne\'er saw 
m> self in that role." 


• huck picks two Indianapolis agenda 
items as being potentially contentious — 
the Global Church Structure paper and 
the Ethics in Ministry Relations paper. 
And he makes a promise: "We'll be done 
with business again by Saturday noon." 

On the Global Church Structure paper: 
"The whole question is "How much of 
the responsibility for overseas missions 
and dealing with emerging churches 
resides with General Board staff and 
how much with Annual Conference?" 
There are people who feel that the 
General Board staff is not committed to 
developing missions projects — that 
Annual Conference needs to be more 
involved in this. " Chuck cautions about 
reordering priorities unless new monies 
are found. 

"Some brothers and sisters feel that if 
we get really serious about overseas 

mission, there will be money that is no 
coming now. I feel there will be some 
new money, but my guess is that we wi 
have to shrink some other programs if | 
we get serious in the overseas mission i 
work. This puts tremendous pressure oi 
the General Board, and it's problematii 
Usually, programs developed at Annua 
Conference are ones that the General i 
Board feels are good and worthwhile. 
However, Conference keeps getting mo 
and more programs, and the funding is 
not there. Funding is a significant issue 
right now." 

On the Ethics in Ministry Relations 
paper: "We will deal with refinements 
and entertain further discussion of ethi( 
in ministry. The greatest concern deals 
with licensed and ordained ministers ai 
lay speakers who are accused of inappri 
priate behavior." District executives. 
Chuck says, have stated that the paper 
passed last year in Richmond does not 
protect the rights of the accused proper! 

"Overall, I feel it is a good document 
I was pleased when the original docu- 
ment built in a thorough review in 
1995. But I'm not surprised that some- 
thing needs to be done soon because it 
was a pretty broad, comprehensive 
document. I feel the document has beer 
widely accepted. District executives I'vi 
talked to feel this one change needs to I 
made immediately: some others can wa. 
until 1995." 

Besides those two items, there is a 
study committee report to Standing 

1 6 Messenger February 1 99.1 

bmmittee that Chuck says he will listen 
' carefully. The committee is detetmin- 
g It the name of the denomination 
ould be considered for change. "Is it a 
iw vocal voices asking for a name 
iange. or is it pretty widespread?"" The 
pciii. he says, will guide Standing 
ipmmittee. "A lot of people I talk to 
'buld like to see a change."" says Chuck. 
Personally I think we should look for 
iiname change. Originally, "brethren" 
'is a more inclusive term than it is 
:i\\. When I worked ecumenically, I 
(casionally was kiddingly asked, 'When 
;; you folks going to get in the 21st 
(|ntury?" We've changed our name in 
1^.' past. Maybe it is time to do it again." 
duck's favorite name choice? "I 
iiNcn't heard anything that has caught 
h attention yet."" 

iVs his frequent Hyer miles added up 
I s \ ear. Chuck has had a chance to 
Ijobe what is on the minds of people 
hm all comers of the denomination. 

"Number one. Brethren ask, "What is 
Ippening to our — make sure you 
fiphasize our — seminary?" Many 
ijople are concerned about the move and 
viether we will have a seminary 

Chuck's response: "Some change was 
.ijcessary. We could not keep operating 
ci that Oak Brook campus. We finan- 
ully couldn't afford it. But while I was 
It part of the decision-making process. 

Far left: Chuck and his wife. Shirley, 
have two married children. David and 
Valerie. Son Mark, a high school senior, 
will enter McPherson College this fall. 
Left: Greeting La Verne parishioner 
Gladys Royer. Chuck displays the 
warmth that makes him welcome in this 
West Coast church. Below: Chuck p(ntrs 
for new La Verne member Doris 
Rhoades. "La Verne is a congregation 
with views similar to mine." .'iays Chuck 
in explanation of his happiness in the 
California pulpit. 

there is pail of me that would have 
preferred to have seen it move to a more 
urban area than Richmond, Ind. How- 
ever, I do know we won"t be far from 
Dayton and Indianapolis. And I assume 
we will be able to develop a more urban 
experience in those two settings."" 

And while he applauds the Bethany 
board, faculty, and staff for considering 
satellite campus opportunities. Chuck 
states a concern: "Over the years. 
Bethany has been a place where Brethren 
from different theological points of view 
came to understand and appreciate one 
another. They may have been at a 
different point theologically, but they 
came to appreciate each other as good 
people and developed a sense of who 
they were. Bethany will not play that role 
as much with satellite opportunities." 

The other frequently asked question is 
"How can we get better leadership and 
more Brethren leadership for our 
congregations that can't pay much of a 
salary?" Chuck says, "That is a real 

grave concern for me with the number of 
small churches struggling to find 
pastoral leadership." He compliments the 
denomination for its programs that train 
people in the local setting, but he 
acknowledges, "When we bring in 
unqualified Brethren or non-Brethren 
leadership, our small churches really 

Chuck Boyer was raised on an 80- 
acre farm three miles west of North 
Manchester. Ind., the only child of Ralph 
and Edith Boyer. both public school 
teachers. "Farming was a sideline. We 
were evening and weekend farmers who 
raised a little of everything." He grew in 
a home culture where spiritual values 
were emphasized. At Manchester 
College, he was challenged by Ercell 
Lynn and Gladdys Muir, professors of 
religion and peace studies, respectively, 
to rethink and reshape his fundamental- 
ist religious beliefs. "I had the props 
knocked out from under me." he remem- 
bers. He graduated from Manchester 
College in 1959 with a B.A. in history. 
His career goal was to become a college 
history professor. Licensed to teach in 
the public schools, he pre-enroUed at the 
University of Chicago. 

Chuck never made it. He seized the 
opportunity to join Brethren Volunteer 
Service (B'VS) and was assigned to 
Berlin, Germany, where he worked for 
six months with the YMCA in a refugee 
camp. Then, for 18 months, he planned 
international work camps and peace 
seminars for the Brethren Service 
Commission. Intluenced b\ a Geniian 
vicar and his own parents" words, "Your 
action speaks so loudly, we can"t hear 
your words."" he reached a decision to 
enroll in Bethany Theological Seminary. 

Licensing to the ministry came at a 
BVS conference in Sv\ it/erland. Chuck 
received a master of divinity degree from 
Bethany in 1964 and launched into a 
five-year campus ministry position at 
Purdue L'niversity, where he split his 
time between Brethren and international 
students. The Vietnam War was raging, 
and he became invohed in draft counsel- 
ing and vigils. "From 1964 to 1966, 1 
was the only campus minister who look 
an out-front position against the war,"' 

l-ebiuar\ \'-W} Messcns;er17 

recalls Chuck. Student groups that 
opposed the war drew on him for 
strength. For three of these years. Chuck 
was also part-time pastor of Fairview 
Church of the Brethren, in Pettit. Ind. 

In 1969. he was called to the General 
Board staff. He served first as director of 
Brethren Volunteer Service and later as 
peace consultant. He also helped develop 
the People of the Covenant program. 

Noon. In the center of a bustling La 
Verne cafe sits Chuck Beyer, oblivious of 
his surroundings, reading the Los 
Angeles Times sports section. A half- 
eaten turkey sandwich lies on the table. 
It is the Chicago Bears, his team, that 
has captured him. "Since I so rarely get 
to read something I don't have to remem- 
ber, the sports pages are a treat." Chuck 
laughs as he greets a friend. 

Sports is the side of Chuck Boyer that 
openly displays passion and is definitely 
opinionated. "My wife loves to needle 
me: "A man of peace and that violent 
sport." I've got a lot of inconsistencies in 
my life." he says. 

He played baseball and basketball in 
high school. He always has been a 
Chicago White Sox fan. These days, he 
is still on the field, when time permits. 
Friend Owen Wright invites him to serve 
as an NCAA umpire at times during 
baseball season. Chuck donates his 

Althouiih he played 
hasehall and basket- 
ball in high school, 
and often is seen 
nowadays authorita- 
tively umpiring Uni- 
versity of La \ erne 
baseball games. 
Chuck claims he has 
more ability in music 
than in sports. Voice 
is his first music love, 
but when engaged as 
an entertainer, he 
displays his mastery 
of the piano. 

umpiring time to the University of La 
Verne. Sports are his escape. In sports, 
decisions are clear. "Chuck calls plays 
with authority," notes Owen. "He throws 
coaches and players out of the game, 
given reason." Most don't even bother to 
contest close calls. "Chuck's presence 
and demeanor causes many coaches to 
say, 'Why bother?' " 

But music also has captured him. And 
while he says he has more ability in 
music than athletics, he keeps it to a 
personal performance level. Chuck is 
accomplished on the piano. But ask him 
to rank his music loves, and he will 
answer, "Voice." Ask him what he 
listens to, and he will answer, "Canadian 


buck and Shirley have been married 
30 years. They met at Manchester 
College. "She was everything I wasn't — 
spontaneous, relaxed," he says. "Shirley 
just pushed the right buttons to help me. 
At the time, I was very piou.s — not a bad 
word, but overdone in my case — and 
Shirley helped me let my hair down, not 
take my.self so seriously. She helped me 
laugh at myself When we were first 
married, she used to tell me, 'Chuck, you 
are more Brethren than Christian.' She 
was right. Even though I thought of 

myself as ecumenical, I was more 
judgmental than I wanted to be." 

Chuck has two different assignments . 
this year — moving back and forth 
between being a pastor and moderator. 
He is in his fifth year as pastor of La 
Verne Church of the Brethren. "1 don't i 
know whether I'm a Califomian, but I'r 
very committed to the La Verne Church 
of the Brethren. I felt more affirmation 
here in two weeks than I did in 19 years 
in Elgin. When you're removed from th 
grass roots, you're always a little suspec 
All that time at Elgin, although I re 
ceived affirmation at times, I was alway 
on pins and needles — peace was contro- 
versial. I'd go out and preach, and 
people would stay away — not because o 
me, but because I was a peace consultar 
I had to learn that." 

With La Verne just 30 miles from 
downtown Los Angeles, Chuck figures 
has "about every cultural and ethnic mi 
in the world. I've told people throughoii 
the denomination not to write us Califo 
nians off as being out on the edges geo- 
graphically or theologically, because w« 
have a lot to offer the denomination if v 
figure out how to work our ethnic and 
national diversity. It still remains to be 
seen how well we can do that, but we 
have it right here if we decide we want 
tackle it." 

This authentic human being's two 
favorite Bible passages are Romans 12 
and the Sermon on the Mount in 
Matthew. Those biblical words, for 
Chuck, are the bottom line. "When I 
come to the end of my life, if people 
know what I stood for, then I am goingi 
to be supremely happy. Whether they 
agreed with me is not important. But if 
they can .see that my life and words wei 
similar enough so that they really knew! 
what I stood for, then I'll consider 
my life being 
lived well." 


George Keeler. associate professor ofjoiirnali 
al the University of La Verne, is a member ofilic 
Verne iCalif.j Church of the Brethren. \ 

1 8 Messenger Februarj 199.T 

How did we manage without an 
Annual Conference manager? 

3y Snellen Shively 

)rganizing a conference for 5,000-plus 
iJrethren is no simple task. Conference 
enters must be researched, volunteers 
rganized, accommodations arranged, 
nd business items processed. The 
undreds of insight sessions, children's 
ctivities, and meal events can leave 
ven a full-time conference manager 
ieling overwhelmed. 
I But what about the years when there 
I'as only a part-time manager? Until 
•984, the manager duties were coupled 
I'ith half of a General Board staff 
brtfolio. And before 1962. there wasn't 
manager at all I How did we ever 
lanage without a Conference manager? 
I Not very well, according to a query 
bt originated in Middle Pennsylvania 
district in 1957. Because of the 'increas- 
jig complexity of our Annual Confer- 
hce." the query called for a study 
pmmittee. which recommended that a 
lirt-time manager be employed as 
ttecutive of the National Conference 
!oard of Directors (now Program and 
Arrangements Committee). 
f "Prior to the office of manager, the 
(sks were spread around to different 
bmmittees." explains Don Rowe. 
,nnual Conference manager from 1961 
htil 1969. "As Conference grew, it just 
3t too unwieldy for non-centralized 
anning: we needed more continuity." 
I As the first manager, Don reports that 
, was a big job to pull all of the different 
pmmittees together. "As Conference is 
iday. it's amazing that it came off as 
iCll as it did with all those committees 
working somewhat independently of 
ich other." 
i Don worked only part-time as man- 
;:j;er, spending the other half in the 
»')sition now known as director of 

strict ministries. "I wonder now where 
ije time came from to get it all done." 
-!ys Don, "but it was a very exciting 
ne in my career, because both my jobs 
ere on the cutting edge of some new 
rections in the church." 

Hubert Nevvcomer became manager in 
1970. The position was still part-time, 
and he served first in the office of human 
resources and then in the position now 
known as director of district ministries 
during his seven-year stint as manager. 

As the years passed, the manager's 
duties continued to expand. "The 
General Board staff members became 
more conscious of Conference as an 
opportunity to highlight their areas of 
work." explains Hubert, "and they began 
adding insight sessions and other 

He adds that another factor seemed to 
be a growing sense of responsibility 
within the staff to serve the congrega- 
tions and make information available at 

"In my recollection, anyway." says 
Hubert. "I put in more than half-time to 
get the job done." 


/ike Don. though. Hubert had a lot of 
fun on the job. As a public figure at 
Conference, he was even quoted by the 
local news media, when he called for the 
conferencegoers to sing "Drink to Me 
Only With Thine Eyes" following a 
discussion on the use of alcohol by 
church members. 

Following the 1976 Conference, Matt 
Meyer became the Conference manager. 
He. too, worked part-time, serving also 
as consultant for evangelism and later as 
spiritual growth consultant. 

"Conference expanded a lot ^A hen I 
was manager, as we tried to respond to 
the needs of the conferencegoers," says 

Matt. "We tried to be sensitive to the 
needs of groups and individuals using 
Conference as their annual meeting 

He adds that expectations for profes- 
sionalism and technology during Con- 
ference have also increased. "When I 
was manager, we only talked about 
projecting the speakers' faces onto 
screens in the Conference arena. Now 
that kind of thing is the norm." 

Things don't always run smoothly, 
however, even with the manager's best 
efforts to ensure a professional produc- 
tion. "It was an absolute disaster in 
Indianapolis in 1978, when the fire 
alarm went off while (then general 
secretary) Bob Neff was speaking," 
remembers Matt. "For 22 minutes, no 
one could get it shut off. and even after 
that, it continued to go off sporadically, 
completely disrupting the worship." 

The management of Conference 
continued to test the constraints of a 
part-time position. "It was becoming 
more difficult toward the end. but I did 
have excellent help from my assistant 
manager. Doris Lasley." explains Matt. 
When Dorit. began in 1978. the assistant 
manager was a new position. 

Despite the hard work. Matt reports 
that being manager was very rewarding. 
"It was thrilling to start with an idea, 
and be able to plan it and see it happen," 
he says. "I felt privileged to be a part of 
this unique experience in the life of the 
denomination each year." 

In 1983. when Matt left the .Annual 
Conference office. Doris Lasley became 
the Conference manager. Her daughter. 

Conference managers Don Rawe. Hubert Newcomer. Mat! Meyer, anil Dori.s Lasley. 

February 199.'^ Messenger 19 



He came 


"I've reall\ fell the call to serve in the Annual Conference office for a long 
time." says Duane Steiner, a newcomer to the Conference office but by no means 
new to the Church of the Brethren. 

After graduating from Manchester College in 1964, Duane served two years 
in Brethren Volunteer Service as treasurer and business manager of Castafier 
Hospital, in Puerto Rico. When he and his wife, Jeannine, returned to the states, 
they settled in Elgin. III., and Duane served as assistant treasurer of the General 
Board for two years. 

From 1968 until 1980. Duane was president of a family business. When the 
business was sold, he felt led to return to the church. "A part of me sees my 
vocational life being to serve the church," he says. "It's my ministry to the 

This time, he was called to Bethany Theological Seminary, serving first as 
director of church relations in the development office, then treasurer and 
business manager, and finally as director of development. 

In 1992. Duane heard a different call from the church. "I've always thought 
that I have the business, organizational, and financial skills that the church could 
use in the Conference office." he explains, "so when the position opened up last 
spring. I decided to apply." 

Duane has attended nearly 80 percent of all Annual Conferences since the 
1950s, so he has an excellent understanding of the role of Conference within the 
denomination. "Annual Conference is the body that deals with issues and 
position papers of the denomination," he says, "and we need to continue to pour 
our efforts into that process." 

Duane reports that he has been impressed with the management of Annual 
Conference in the past and hopes to continue in the tradition of his predecessors, 
making adjustments and improvements as the needs arise. 

"The genius of Conference is the tremendous number of volunteers in- 
volved — without them, it wouldn't be possible to hold an Annual Conference," 
he says. "I have a real desire to work with that system and use my skills to 
encourage persons to accept volunteer leadership on behalf of the Conference." 

Duane and Jeannine live in Lombard. III., where she serves as minister of 
nurture for York Center Church of the Brethren. They have four children. 
— Slellen Shively 

Karla. became the assistant to the 

For her first year, Doris was scheduled 
to work two-thirds time, "but I was 
working at least time and a half to get 
the job done." she says. In 1984. an 

action of Annual Conference made the 
Conference manager a full-time position, 
as it has remained ever since. 

Doris cites expanded program as one 
cause of the increased workload for the 
manager. "Conference has something for 

everyone now. from children to older 
adults." Doris explains. "We have a 
different kind of program now that we'n 

The logistics of arranging a large 
conference have become more compli- 
cated as well. "Doing business in any 
field is different now. because of govern 
ment contracts, insurance arrangements 
copyright permission, and so forth," say 

She reports that the Conference 
manager is more involved now in 
monitoring business items and queries 
and working with the Annual Confer- 
ence secretary. 

According to Doris, the work of the 
Conference office never really slows 
down, even when Conference is over, 
because the work of the next Conference 
has already begun. By the fall of 1992, 
for example, the on-site coordinator for 
1994 already had begun to lay the 
groundwork in Wichita, Kan. 

"Every year was always a new chal- 
lenge," says Doris. "It never felt like it 
was getting stale." 

The Conference office relies heavily ( 
volunteers, and without them, the job ol 
manager would be impossible, says 
Doris. "I never cease to be amazed at 
what they give in time without pay," sh 
remarks. "My favorite part of the job w; 
working with people and meeting a nev 
group each year." 

After a fourteen-year stint in the 
Annual Conference office. Doris has 
retired, and a new manager, Duane 
Steiner, is in place (see sidebar, this 
page). The role that Duane assumed in 
November has been completely trans- 
formed from the early days when Don 
Rowe began as manager. 

And yet, the ultimate goal of the 
manager in 1992 is no different than 
what Don says of his years as manager 
"working at problem-solving on-the-sp 
building good will, and just making 
Conference the best experience possibl 
for everyone 

SiK'lU'ii Shiv('l\' coiuplctcil a Ih-rifonlh term oj i 
flrcihrcn Volumccr Service (BVSl with[;nci i 
;/) Dcecmher. She has hef>itn another BVS tour o I 
.service with Community Crisis Center in Eli;iii. I j 

20 Messenger February 1 993 

Why are radical Christians 
^uch poor evangelists? 

)y Calvin E. Shenk 

[he questions haunt me. I first came 
jcross them in an article by Raymond 
Fung in A Munthly Letter on Evaiii;ellsni. 
fan radical Christians evangeUze? 
Fung observes that many congrega- 
ons have strong community outreach 
rograms to people in need, but there is 
ttle evangelistic consequence. Their 
Ministry appears holistic, but the effect 
pon people's lives is fragmented. In fact. 
ome of the poor and the refugees to 
/horn they minister find spiritual homes 
1 more fundamentalistic churches rather 
tan in congregations that originally 
xpressed solidarity with them. 
Why? Fung suggests that radical 
( Christians tend to be shy about words 
imch as salvation or Jesus. They want to 
e sensitive to others. But if one is 
nwilling or unable to speak about faith 
n Jesus, the people ministered to easily 
jiscem that ambivalence and turn 
i Isewhere for spiritual sustenance. 
Radical Christians, Fung notes, can 
Iso cause alienation when their theologi- 
al orientation or style is absolutist or 
Halitarian. When issues become more 
mportant than people, radical Christians 
nd difficulty identifying with people, 
he persons ministered to don't feel 

I consider myself a radical Christian. I 
m part of a radical theological tradition, 
anabaptists are identified with the radical 
jformation. I applaud creative and 
idical forms of ministry, done by 
ongregations or by denominational 
igencies. 1 am a member of Evangelicals 
or Social Action. But I also believe in 
vangelism. Can one be a radical Chris- 
an and also be evangelistic? 

Radicalism: biblical or ideological? I 

elieve the Anabaptist-Brethren-Menno- 
iJite emphasis on biblicism and disciple- 

ship makes radical Christians. Followers 
of Jesus are called to radical action. 
When such action parallels action of 
other movements or ideologies, we feel 
solidarity with other radicals. This should 
not frighten us to inaction so long as our 
radical concerns are not co-opted by 
ideological systems. Rather it should 
force us to examine carefully the roots of 
our belief and action. We are rightly 
concerned for community, counter- 
culturalism. ethics, ecology, justice, and 
peace. We must oppose poverty, racism, 
sexism, and ethnocentrism. But what is 
the unique, the radical perspective we 
bring to these issues? 

We are radical because Jesus was 
radical. This conviction defines the scope 
of our concern and the spirit of our 
action. We are not simply "anti": we 
have specific reasons — Jesus" example 
and teachings — for behaving in counter- 
cultural ways. Some, failing to under- 
stand this, join us for ideological reasons. 
But they are later disillusioned and leave 
our churches. Others, not seeing the 
relationship between our faith and action. 

The center of the 

gospel Vhen 

he is the center, a 

new perspective is introduced. Ci 

justice points to the Just One. C- . ,, . or 

liberation points to the Liheraiui. x^ one em for 

creation points to the Creator. There is a 

profound difference between commitment 

cause and commitment to a person. 

FehriiaiA IW3 Messeniicr 21 

consider us too ideological and prefer 
other Christian fellowships. 

Radical Christians sometimes be- 
come absolutist or totalitarian. When 
that happens, it is easy to develop a kind 
of "political correctness" or "inverted 
dogmatism" that either excludes or is 
not attractive to seekers. We might 
react against fundamentalist rigidity, 
but we can hold our ideas v\ ith equal 
rigidity, giving the impression that 
contrasting positions are unworthy of 
serious consi-deration. We can't be open 
to all ideas, but if we draw the circle 
too tightly, we become closed minded in 
the way in which our radical concern 
is defined. 

Sometimes our ideas are intimidating, 
and we don't have the patience to listen 
to those who need time for testing. Other 
times our language is harsh, character- 
ized more by rebuke than weeping. 
Unless our spirit is sensitized by the 
Spirit, we become abrasive. We want to 
be prophetic, we express moral indigna- 
tion, but we must monitor our tone as we 
affirm the truth. 

The church faces many critical issues 
that need to be addressed. But fixing on 
one aspect can make the gospel into an 
idea or an ideology. The gospel message 
includes forgiveness, reconciliation, 
guidance, and power: it also includes 
concern for ethics, justice, peace, human 
rights, and ecology. 

But the center of the gospel is none 
of these. The center is Jesus. When Jesus 
is the center, a new perspective is intro- 
duced. Concern for justice points to the 
Just One. Concern for liberation points 
to the Liberator. Concern for creation 
points to the Creator. There is a profound 
difference between commitment to a 
cause and commitment to a person. 
Causes become ideological. 

Radical Christians are fond of speaking 
of the kingdom of God. That's biblical 
language. But kingdom language also can 
become too programatic if we forget that 
it was Jesus who inaugurated the king- 
dom. Lesslie Newbigin insists that the 
kingdom has a name and aface — the 
name and face of Jesus. He emphasizes, 

22 Messenger February 1993 

"When the message of the kingdom is 
divorced from the person of Jesus, it 
becomes a program, an ideology, a law, 
not a gospel." 

If, as radical Christians, we are uncom- 
fortable talking about personal faith in 
Jesus, we will not be evangelistic. This is 
not merely a question of more religious 
words that we impose upon people. The 
issue is our willingness to give an 

Radicals spend a lot 

of time correcting 

other people's views. 

Instead of giving 

people a chance to 

discover and grow, 

we analyze their 

situation and provide 



account of the hope that is within us. Do 
we desire to see people come to faith in 
Jesus? Is our desire strong enough to be 
obvious? Or do we give mixed signals? 
People in our communities know what 
our real views are. 

Radicalism: issue-oriented or suffer- 
ing love? Radical Christians are some- 
times preoccupied with critical issues. 
Meaningful faith must engage the world; 
otherwise faith is merely theoretical. 
But if we are only issue-oriented, we 
don't identify with people. There must 
be affinnation for people in their particu- 
lar predicament. Prophetic ministry is of 
little value if real people are left on the 

Too often we are strong on rhetoric 
about people but more comfortable with 
issues. I often grieve for injustices done 
to Arab Palestinians. I wrote letters to the 

US administration and Congress prior t 
the Gulf War. But do I relate personally 
to Palestinians? Although I am for peac 
I have no right to be condescending 
toward soldiers. 

Those who are issue-oriented hasten tt 
give "correct" answers. Raymond Fung 
cites an incident that took place when thf 
former East Germany was undergoing 
monumental change. Some were sure 
they knew what East Germans ought to 
think. But when East Germans made a 
different choice, a North American frien 
of his said with a twinge of annoyance, 
"The East Germans voted blue jeans aa 
McDonald's." Radicals knew what East 
Germans should want, so they felt let 
down when East Germans chose other- 
wise, Fung noted that what is so offensi' 
is the tone of haughty dismissal in these 
remarks. And they are made by those 
who supposedly respect peoplehood, whi 
believe in the marginalized, poor, and 
oppressed. Fung asks, will radical 
Christians only respect people who agre 
with their ideological position? 

Radicals spend a lot of time correctinj 
other people's views. We become watch 
dogs. But watchdogs can lack affection 
Correct positions, without love and grac 
become dogma. We know what to read, 
what to buy, what to say. Instead of 
giving people a chance to discover and 
grow, we are prone to analyze their 
situation and provide prepackaged 
answers. Radical people must be willin; 
to let their "correct answers" be correct 
by the people they serve. 

Radicals are often too powerful. We 
don't want to only "help" people; we 
want to "empower" people. But in our 
attempt to empower, we retain our powt 
status, and wealth. Have we Anabaptists 
forgotten how crucial Philippians 2:1-1 
is to our theology? With increasing 
wealth, power, and sophistication, can 
our theology and lifestyle continue to bf 
shaped by solidarity, vulnerability, 
servanthood, compassion, and the cross 

Do we speak and act from the ground 
level or from the top down? Charles 
Williams said, "One cannot love down- 
ward. One cannot love when one think; 

if oneself as superior. Human love is 
ways among equals." We might prefer 

i empower people from the top down 
id thereby remain secure. But then we 
e too confident and too strong. When 

oe are strong, distance develops between 
; and those we minister to. 
Several years ago, at a worship service 
the catacombs in Rome. Charles West 
om Princeton Seminary whispered to 
e, "I think the people who met here 
ere similar to Anabaptists."" That was a 

easured compliment from a Presbyte- 
m\ I agree: Radical Anabaptists under- 

liood ministry in suffering, not power. 

I I believe our radical ethics are only 
edible if they are inspired by suffering 
|ve, if we "bear on (our) body the marks 

i'Jesus"" (Gal. 6:17, NIW). Ideology or 
bues can be communicated without the 
arks of Jesus, but not biblical ethics. 

inly the marks of Jesus can keep us 
om either callousness or arrogance in 
ir ethics. 

Anabaptists speak much of the cross. 
It even "cross theology" remains too 
)werful without suffering love. If 
dical perspectives are not tempered by 
crificial love, they become offensive, 

:j)t inviting. Harry Moore of the Church 
issionary Society warns of a "belli- 
:rent Christianity.'" Belligerent Christi- 
lity comes from a position of power, 
)t suffering love. 
Needy people are tired. They desire 

ive, respect, understanding, hospitality. 

liladical action is hollow without love in 
lationships. Love is attractive because it 
so rare. Love and transformed lives 
)mmend the gospel. The power of the 
essage is not dependent upon flawless 
essengers but upon the brokenness of 
e messenger. Radical Christians need to 
am brokenness. humility, woundedness, 
ndemess, pain, lament. Needy people 
spond to those who also have need, 
an we face the world with a tearful eye? 
Feel more drawn to weeping, suffering 


Radicalism: A fragmented or whole 
)spel? Fung notes that ministry which 
considered holistic is often experienced 

by recipients in a fragmentary way. How 
is one to avoid this? 1 believe it is 
important to examine more carefully the 
relationship between salvation in Christ 
and our programs. Christ not only pro- 
vides atonement; he is the model for life. 
We can"t remove Christ from either part 
of the equation. Do we witness to com- 
prehensive salvation? How do we deal 
with total life experience? 

Churches that are 

preoccupied only 
with issues have little 
appeal. We call upon 

people to model 

Jesus, but there must 

he personal 


before that is 


Radical Christians understandably 
want to correct perspectives that have 
been fragmented or excluded by some 
Christians. But overcorrecting can 
inadvertently lead to reductionism. To 
replace one bias with another is inad- 
equate. When we give priority to aspects 
of the gospel that have been neglected, 
we must not neglect other equally 
necessary aspects of the gospel. 

Radical social concerns must be 
combined with sensitivity to people's 
need for forgiveness, hope, meaning, 
healing of relationships, guidance. People 
are hurt, lonely, broken, ill, hostage to 
fear, despairing. They are weighed down 
with personal burdens and social burdens. 
They need spiritual companions, soul 
friends. They want to hear, "Come to me, 
all who labor and are heavy laden, and I 
will give you rest"' (Matt. 1 1 :28, RSV). 

Churches that are preoccupied only 

with issues have little appeal. We call 
upon people to model Jesus, but there 
must be personal transformation before 
that is possible. Without personal 
transformation, imitation of Jesus has a 
fake quality. 

Anabaptists frequently have difficulty 
verbalizing faith. We are also sometimes 
critical of the way others do it. We prefer 
deeds to word. We are allergic to cheap 
words. We insist on authenticity and 
whole-life integrity. That is commend- 
able. But I believe we also must be more 
explicit about the foundation of our faith. 

Samuel Escobar from Peru, now 
teaching at Eastern Baptist Seminary, 
praises us for our involvement in difficult 
situations — for our pacifism, our 
community life, and our frugality and 
service. He acknowledges that our 
tradition is nourished by a Chnstology 
that has insisted on the lordship of Jesus 
Christ and the importance of his example 
for discipleship today. But he calls upon 
us to be more explicit about the sources 
of our compassion and service. 

This is not to water down our radical 
understanding of th^ church. But we 
must be more sensit.ive to how we are 
perceived by those outside our fellow- 
ship. Do we appear "too good.'" as one 
person remarked recently? Lm troubled if 
people don't feel acceptance from us. 1 
also feel uneasy when people fail to 
understand the total gospel we profess. 

Is it possible thai radical Christians are 
not radical enough? Certainly we must 
move beyond radical rhetoric. Radical is 
more than ideas or stance; radical must be 
life encompassing. If we are real radicals, 
we will be passionately involved in social 
concerns and just as passionately inter- 
ested in personal salvation. Moral 
passion needs explicit spiritual rootage 
and nourishment — a balance between 
conscience and spirit, between ethics and 
personal transformation. Then, I believe, 
radical Christians will be more credible 
when they invite people to 
consider Jesus. 


Calvin E Shenk icailics world rclifiions and 
missions at Eastern Mcnnoniic Ci'llcxc 
HarrisonhnrK. \'a. 

Fehruarv 1993 Messenger 23 

by Robin 
Wentworth App 

Stepping Stones is a column qfferini; 
suggestions, perspectives, and 
opinions — snapshots of life — that m f 
hope are helpful to readers in their 
Christian journey As the writer said 
in her first installment. "Remember, 
when it comes lo managing life's 
difficulties, we don't need lo walk on 
water. We just need to learn where 
the stepping stones are. " 


My phone was disconnected 
recently. And all because I 
hadn't paid my bill. Picky, 
picky, picky. 

Now there were reasons I 
hadn't paid it . . . good 
reasons. The phone com- 
pany, however, was not 
impressed with my reasons. 
Its linear, narrow-minded 
logic was "No money, no 

NaturalK. during the 24 
hours it was disconnected I 
had an influx of calls. So, 
heaped upon my frustration 
was the professional embar- 
rassment of my clients (the 
people who pay me to help 
them learn to better manage 
their li\'es) receiving a 
recording informing them in 
so many words that their 
counselor apparently doesn't 
know how to keep her own 
house in order. 

Then, adding insult to 
injury. I learned I'd have to 
pay a reconnecting fee. 

We are daily presented 
with a series of interlocking 
choices to make, and in one 
way or another, whether we 
like it or not. we are account- 
able for those choices. 

Sometimes we make 
choices and later realize that 
their consequences were 
harmful or detrimental in 
some way. And we sincerely 

regret the choices and wish 
we had made different ones. 

We call these mistakes. 

It is to be hoped, then, that 
we examine that choice and 
its results and notice what 
went wrong and what we 
could have done differently 
and what v\e need to do the 
next time. And if we remem- 
ber wiseh' and well, we do 
better when presented with 
similar options. 

We call this learning. 

So we benefit from the 
experience and admit our 
error and accept its conse- 
quences, realizing that little 
good will result from either 
scapegoating or self-recrimi- 

We call this maturit) . 

Other times we inherit the 
consequences or get caught 
in the cross fire of somebody 
else's choices that may not 
be in our best interests and 
we wind up suffering for 
something we did not cause 
and do not deserve. 

We call this life. 

At this point, we take a 
deep breath, say a prayer, 
and continue reminding 
ourselves that the magic 
lens of retrospection eventu- 
ally will reassure us that 
somehow, someday, some 
way we'll be able to believe 
such things work together 

for the good. 

We call this faith. 

Maybe it's oversimplified 
to point out that life isn't 
fair. But it isn't. At the same 
time, that's not to say we 
should accept everything 
that's handed to us. or that 
we should never fight. There 
are many times when it is in 
everyone's best interest to 
hold another person account- 
able for his choices. And I'll 
never encourage anyone to 
live as a victim. 

It's just that there are also 
times when we want to fight 
and there's really no enemy 
. . . times when we want to 
blame, and it's no one's fault 
. . . times when we'd like to 
fiee, and there is no escape. 
And it is in just such times 
that the only viable option is 
to go with the flow ... to roll 
with the punches ... to make 
lemonade out of lemons. 

I haven't surrendered yet 
on the reconnecting fee for 
my phone. I doubt, however, 
that I'll win this one and I 
expect I'll end up paying the 
reconnecting fee. 

Maybe I can write it \i4 
f as "tuition." I 


Rohiii Wcniworlh App is a 
therapist from Nappance. Ind. She 
currently is interim pastor of 
Pleasant Valley Church of the 
Brethren. Middlehurs. Ind. 

24 Messenger Februar>' '993 

Brethren Way of Christ retreats: 

Launchpad to a lifestyle of grace-giving 

If the core concept of Brethren Vision for the '90s is the /a,...., ..ig 
of the church's spiritual foundation, then tJ'" f?--^'^^"-"" ^^^"v of Christ 
retreat is a vital building block i u^o. 

Dy Worth Weller 

I felt so empty. I had not realized how 
ragmented my faith was." said Ann 
lartsough. Ann, a member of Manches- 
r Church of the Brethren, in North 
/lanchester. Ind.. had just participated in 
Cursiilo weekend. 

Ann experienced her spiritual awai\en- 
ig in the Brethren Way of Christ No. 2. 

Cursiilo weekend" held at Epworth 
orest, near Syracuse. Ind.. last spring. 
Tiese spiritual growth events are 
atching on in South/Central Indiana 

Three days of prayer, inspiration, and 
iscussion with women of her own faith 
alk restored the fragments of Ann's 
lith to a whole. She likened the renewal 
f her spiritual foundation to completmg 
complex jigsaw puzzle after doing a 
lorough housecleaning and finding all 
le scattered puzzle pieces. 
"The center piece of the puzzle is 
hrist," she said. "The surrounding 
ieces are love and nurturing from 
imily, faith learning, sermons, and the 
indness of friends and neighbors." 
When the puzzle was put together, 
hat did she see? 

"I saw clearly God's love giving me 
;newed self-confidence and peace at 
Rowing I can go to him for guidance 
nd strength." 

If the core concept of Brethren Vision 
)r the "905 is the bolstering of the 
hurch's spiritual foundation, then the 
rethren Way of Christ retreat is a vital 
uilding block in that process. 
The response of Brethren men and 
omen who attended the Brethren Way 
f Christ No. 2 clearly reflects the goals 
utlined in the 1992 Church of the 

Brethren General Board Annua! Report 
(July 1992. msert). 

The vision of the church for the '90s. 
as the report states in its preface, is a 
desire by members for 

• rooting church life in the gospel of 
God's grace; 

• seeking within community the mind 
of Christ; 

• culti\ ating the life of prayer and 
openness to the Spirit. 

The Way of Christ retreats, known 
interdenominationally as "Cursiilo 
weekends." create a spiritual mooring for 
a long-lasting personal response to those 
three desires, and more. 


ursillo is not a Brethren tradition, 
although the Brethren Way of Christ 
weekends dramatically emphasize the 
Brethren ordinances, including love feast 
and feetwashing. It began as a formal 
movement in the Spanish Catholic 
church and was carried to Waco. Texas, 
in 19?7 by two Spanish aimien who were 
training with the United States Air 
Force. Within three years, the movement 
spread from coast to coast. The Luther- 
ans established 'Via De Cristo in Indiana 
in 1984. They helped the Brethren begin 
their own weekends in 1991. 

Relying on biblical tradition. Cursiilo 
has some rules. A candidate for a 
weekend must have a sponsor (a church 
member who has attended a weekend). 
Often a friend, the sponsor guides the 
candidate towards Cursiilo and handles 
the details of registration for the week- 

"The relation between a sponsor and a 
candidate is very important." notes Steve 
Hammer, a North Manchester attorney. 

who is "rector" for the men's Brethren 
Way of Christ No. 3. "The sponsor is 
your encourager in this process, both 
before the weekend and after." Steve says 
that without an effective sponsor 
relationship, the potential for spiritual 
growth offered by the weekend is greatly 
diminished. "A lot of grace is involved." 
The retreats are specifically designed to 
be "non-anticipatory." illustrating that 
true grace is the unexpected, even 
possibly undeserved, love of God. 

In addition to the sponsor relationship. 
Cursiilo also places high value on the 
marriage relationship. In the case of 
married couples, both spouses are 
strongly urged to attend. 

For Karen Studebaker. a member of 
Pyrmont Church of the Brethren, near 
Delphi. Ind.. the weekend made it easier 
for her to see the mind of Christ at work. 
"Clearly I could see the sincerity of all 
the team members, and their willingness 
to serve. That kind of attitude, being 
willing to serve in a loving way that 
reflects God's love, permeated the whole 

Cursiilo weekends are heavily ser- 
vant oriented. All team members have 
attended a Cursiilo weekend as "pil- 
grims." anil they have had intensive 

Karen also was touched by a 
reawakening to the Spirit, which she felt 
even before she got to the weekend, as 
her sponsors gently encouraged her to 
sign up for the retreat. "I w as impressed 
by their excitement from being closer 
to Christ." 

And. once there, she was impressed 
b\ her own desire and ahiliis to accept 
God's grace. "It was a feehng of Ireetiom 
to discover thai God reallv knes me as 1 

FebruaiA 1W3 Messcnsci 25 

am and that he wants the best for me." 

For June Wolfe, from the Roann 
(Ind.) Church of the Brethren, prayer 
was the central issue of the weekend in 
her role as "rector." "I felt the power of 
prayer in niN role as a leader more than 1 
had ever sensed before." she reported. "I 
had a calmness and peace about m\ 
responsibilities that I can attribute only 
to pra\er." 

Who should participate in a \Va\ of 
Christ weekend? E\acti\ those people to 
w hom the General Board report speaks. 

"Those w ho attend should be practic- 
ing Christians committed to their own 
spiritual growth." reports Carroll 
("Kaydo") Retry. South/Central Indiana 
District e\ecuti\e. whose own spiritual 
walk was "strengthened and enhanced" 
during his attendance as a "pilgrim" in 
the Brethren men's \Va\' of Christ No. 2. 

"■^'ou should be w illing to receive love 
and grace. You should be open to God's 
spirit of renewal." Kaydo suggests. And. 
abo\e all. "'^'ou should be anxious to be 
as emotional about your faith as you are 
about such things as basketball during 
tournament time." 

Kaydo noted that the retreat schedule 
is heavy and that he had some concerns 
ahead of time about his abilit\ to 
physically keep up the pace: "The 
schedule is demanding, but extremely 

"I w as concerned about whether I 
could live through such a schedule, but I 
discovered that in spite of sitting on very 
uncomfortable chairs for most of the day 
and walking back and forth to meeting 
rooms, chapel, and the dining hall. I was 
buoyed and pumped up physically, 
psychologically, and spiritually to the 
point that I breezed through the 72 hours 
without difficulty." 

Although the schedule is demanding, 
food and fellowship are a central part of 
the weekend. So too is the element of 
surprise, noted Kaydo. "The weekend 
builds through ever increasing crescen- 
dos. and each time your heart is so filled 
that you think "It can't get any better 
than this.' But it does. Even meals are 
part of this pouring out of grace and 
loving service." 

Garen Bushong, from the Manchester 
Church of the Brethren, had lost touch 

Do the Way of Christ 

retreats nurture those 

roots that the Brethren 

hope will return 

church life to the 

gospel of God's grace? 

Kurt Snyder says they 

do just that: 'The 

Cur sill o movement is a 

tool of God to touch 

lives. It is the 

launchpad to a 

lifestyle of becoming a 

grace give?'. ' 

with his spiritual foundation when he 
agreed to attend the Indiana men's 
Lutheran Via de Cristo No. 14. "I was 
looking for more meaning in being a 
Christian. There had to be more to this 
church stuff than committee meetings. 
fusses about what color to paint what- 
ever, and the academic watering down of 
the faith through the constant confusion 
over which positions Christians should 
take on which social issues." 

The Lutherans, who passed on the 
Cursillo gift to the Brethren, turned that 
on its head for Garen. "I now know that 
Jesus is my brother. I now know, as 
much as anyone can comprehend 
without experiencing it. what he went 
through . . . just for me. I now know just 
how much he loves me. I now know I 
will walk with him and he with me. no 
matter how I stumble." 

The issue of rooting his life in the 
gospel of God's grace was a very real one 
for Garen. "I caught a glimpse of heaven 
on my weekend, of being in the presence 
of God." 

Garen. who describes himself as 
"basically a shy person." also found that 
prayer was a central issue for him during 
his weekend and since. "I never would 
have guessed that I would enjoy praying 
with a bunch of men, and that I would 
feel comfortable with sharing more 

personal things with men." 

Another memorable part of his weeki 
end, and the weekends he has worked 
since on the team, opened his soul to tf 
Spirit through song. "I'm not a musica 
person, hut now I will even sing in the j 
car. The Cursillo songs are so upliftingi 

Miriam Musselman, whose Roann 
Church of the Brethren was instrument 
in setting up the first Indiana Brethren 
Way of Christ weekends, is committed 
providing leadership for the women's 
retreats. "This is a means of strengthen 
ing our local churches by renewing the 
lives of individuals." she said. 

Her ow n weekends, first as a "pilgrir 
and then as a repeat team member, hav 
helped her glimpse the mind of Christ, 
least for her ow n life and for her fellow 
Brethren women. "Leadership is not 
realh' an aspiration of mine. I am mud 
more comfortable being a follower, anc 
yet. as a Christian. I think we are calle 
to be leaders in many different ways. I 
seem to sense more determination to 
earn, out this calling follow ing my 
weekend experiences." 

Do the Way of Christ retreats nurtur 
those roots that the Brethren are hopin 
will return church life to the gospel of 
God's grace? Kurt Snyder, pastor of thi 
Roann Church of the Brethren says the 
do just that: "The Cursillo movement i 
tool of God to touch lives. It is the 
launchpad to a lifestyle of becoming a 
grace giver." 

The weekends, he reported, open om 
life to the Spirit, not just for 72 hours, 
but for as long as the recipient of grace 
will allow . "Often the weekend contini 
to unfold in the life of the 'pilgrim' as 
the weeks pass. The Spirit is working 
from the inside out. The love of God 
has soaked in and is working in an 
effervescent way." 

Cursillo weekends may be what mar 
Brethren are needing to find new 
meaning and order in their spiritual lil 
More information about them can be 
obtained by calling Manchester Churc 
of the Brethren, at r i 

(219)982-7523. l( 

Worth Wellcr, a member of Manchester Chiir 
of the Brethren, North Manchester. Ind. piihlish 
The News-Journal, a North Manchester nenspa/ 

26 Messenger February 1993 

lH ecumenical slant 

reelings in the blessed name of our 
avion Jesus Christ. I hope to clarify the 
3sition of many in our church — the 
unkard Brethren — regarding the 
rethren World Assembly (October 
)92. page 1 1 ) and similar assemblies. It 
ust he emphasized that not all Dunkard 
Irethren looked with favor upon them. 
While much good could be gained 
Dm a historical perspective, and while 
ethren of like precious faith could meet 
id fellowship together. 1 take exception 
the strong ecumenical slant of all 1 
ve seen and read about these meetings, 
rticularly the MESSENGER articles. 
iWhile many see the Brethren World 
jisembly as a step toward the reunifi- 
Jtion of some of the groups represented. 
; all need to look at the Bible doctrines 
f ce embraced by all. for which man\ in 
:; past gave their lives. We cannot 
i ow those lives to have been in vain. 
Our witness to the world must include 
J reproach of Christ as well as his 
hteousness. May the Lord search 
ery heart. 

Lynn Hciye.s Miller 
Ncwmunsi(>\\ii. Pa. 

niece of Miss Nelie 

my childhood and youth. I spent many 
urs with my Aunt Nelie Wampler 
lay 1992. page 16) and found them a 
It ;ssing. They are among my happiest 

\unt Nelie ministered to others by her 
■n lifestyle, setting an example to 
low. In addition she did much to train 

' opinions iwprcssfJ here circ mil necessarily 
se of I he magazine. Readers shinild receive them 
he same spirit with which differing opinions are 
ressed m face-to-face conversations, 
ellers should he brief, concise, and respectful of 

■I opinions of others. Preference is given to letters 
' respond directly to items read in the magazine, 
e are willing to withhold the name of a writer 

" V when, in our editorial ludgmcnt. it is 
ranted. We will not consider any letter that 
les to us unsigned. Whether or not we print the 
?r. the writer' s name is kept in strictest 

i Jdress letters to Messenger Editor. 145! 

lb idee Ave.. Elgin. It 60120 


her Greene Coiuity neighbors in farming, 
gardening, and food preservation skills. 
Viviuii Wampler Smith 
Grotlnes. \a. 

Uninformed about Bethany 

While I question Olden Mitchell's 
assertion that "about 99 percent of 
Brethren oppose the move (of Bethany 
Theological Seminary) to Earlham 
School of Religion" (August/Septem- 
ber, page 36), I agree that Brethren are 
not adequately informed about Bethany 
and Earlham. 

I have heard Bethany president Gene 
Roop describe Bethany's plans on several 
occasions now. The more I hear, the 
more excited I become. The move holds 
the possibility of Bethany retaining its 
Brethren identity within the financial 
hmitations it faces. 

Plans for seminary education related to 
the congregations of the districts of 

South/Central Indiana and Southern 
Ohio hold the promise of making the 
experience more helpful to those wanting 
to enter pastoral ministry. 

Let's put the debate behind us now. 
and support those who have the responsi- 
bility for Bethany's future. Pray for Gene 
Roop and his faculty and staff. And give 
Bethany the financial resources it needs. 

Merlin G Shu 1 1 
Bruli;eivaler. \ a. 

No religious theme 

The December Messenger cover was 
beautiful, and the cover story on John 
Greenleaf Whittier was the first thing I 
read. I enjoyed it. 

But I was sorry that the cover had a 
secular theme. There are so few religious 
publications thai can use a cover to give 
us a needed uplift. I missed that. 

Marianne Muhael 
Iowa City. Iiiwa 


Manchester College Peace Choir 
An interdisciplinary major in the tradition of Jesus, Gandhi, and King. 
Concentrations: Possibilities: 

- interpersonal & intergroup conflict - double major 

resolution -January travel /internships 

- international & global studies - study year abroad 

- religious & philosophical bases - summer internships 

- individualized major - scholarships, assistantships 

Peace Studies Institute, Manchester Coiieue, Box 27, North Manchester, LN 46962 (219) <)S2-fi4S 

February \W} Messenger 27 

On health care, structure, disillusionment 

Dave Fours 

Study Canada's 
health care 

I appreciated Suellen Shi\el\ "s article. 
"Back to a State of Wellness" (October 
1992. page 24). As she points out, one 

out of five Americans either has no 
health insurance or has coverage so 
inadequate that a major illness easily 
could result in bankruptcy. The rapidly 
rising costs of health care are brought 
home to Brethren quite forcefully in the 
ever increasing health insurance premi- 
ums churches must pay to adequately 





We invite you to join thousands of Brethren 
by insuring your property in an association 
owned and operated for members of the 


Insure your property today in a way that allows your 
premium dollar to exclusively help other Brethren 
in their time of loss and need. Special funds and 
investments further support the work and ministries 
of the Church of the Brethren. 





ABILENE, KS 67410 

protect their pastors. 

In fact, the United States spends far 
more on health care per capita than an 
other nation. By comparison, Canada, 
nation similiar in many ways to ours, 
spends 40 percent less of its gross 
national product on health care than tl 
US does, while still providing compre- 
hensive health care for all its citizens. 
According to the General Accounting 
Office (GAO), the nonpartisan investi-i 
gating agency of the US Congress, 
implementing a Canadian-style nationi 
health program would save about 10 
percent of health care spending, $80 
billion last year, on paper work alone. 
This savings on bureaucracy would bet 
enough to provide coverage to all the 
uninsured and improve coverage for tl 
underinsured with no increase in heal 

One of the most important compone 
of the Canadian program, one that ha; 
been endorsed by the Association of 
Brethren Caregivers (ABC), is a singi 
public payer system. A single public 
payer facilitates cost containment thre 

First, it is the sine qua iioii of admii 
trative simplification. Public adminisl 
tion is far more efficient than adminis 
tration by private insurers. Private 
insurance overhead in the US average 
more than 13 percent, while Canada';] 
public program operates for less than 
three percent, and our own US Medic': 
program has an overhead of about thr 

Second, the single payer is easily at 
to set and enforce overall budgeting 
limits. Effectively limiting the overall 
health budget is extremely difficult 
under our multiple payer system with 

ill liiilJ III respect and fellowship in ihc 
I Innch with whom we agree or disaf^ree is a 
( huracterislic of the Church of the Brethren. It 
the contiiniiition of this value, and to an open o 
probing foriiiii. thai "Opinions" are invited fro 

We do not acknowledge inir receipt of ohvio 
"Opinions" pieces, and can print only a sampl 
of what we receive. All "Opinions" are edited) 

28 Messenger February 1<W3 

200 different private insurers and more 
an 200 million Americans paying 
;alth bills. 

Finally, a single payer system facili- 
tes health planning to eliminate 
iplication of facilities and expensive 
;hnology that often wastes money and 
metimes worsens quality. For instance, 
S hospitals average only 65 percent 
cupancy. We have 10.000 mammo- 
aphy machines when only 5.000 are 
eded to perform every test recom- 
ended for every woman in the US. And 
many hospitals perform open-heart 
rgery that many don't do enough 
ocedures to maintain their competence. 
The biblical mandate demands justice 
r all. As disciples of Jesus, we must 
jrk for an end to this system that 
tions health care on the basis of one's 
ility to pay. And we must insist that 
mprehensi\e health care become 
"ight of all 


Dave Fouls, a medical dm lor from LiilheniUe. 
I., Is a memher of Long Green \ alley Church of 
i Brelhren. Glen Arm. Md 

ggie Mervine 

Ve need some 

im a Brethren with a Southern Baptist 
d Episcopalian background. I am 
ncerned about how the Church of the 
ethren is structured and how leader- 
ip and authority are exercised. 
The problem is that there are no basic 
/els of accountability anywhere in 
; Church of the Brethren to those 
ove or below each level of leadership 

. authority. On the congregational level 
IS is demonstrated by the constant 
:keying that goes on among the pastor, 
church board, and the commissions. 

' ethren have no single entity to whom 
ambers or officers are really answer- 

In other denominations, the congrega- 
mal leaders are accountable to a 
ihop. a board of elders, a senior pastor. 


Pontius' Puddle 

NOTICE: Church muljisnicl iien'^lciwrs ihul rcpiiiu "Punmis' Puddle" from 
Messenger must pay $5 iSlO if < n\ iiUifmn is nvcr 5II0) [or each use hi Joel 
Kaitjfmanii. Ill Cailer Road. GiK\hen. /.V 4r)52h 

THE Eftttrn \s 

THE teMTrR 0^ 


4 HE<?ESY" 

Take Hold of Your Future ... 

One Step at a Time. 

McPherson College 

McPherson. Kansas 67460 • (316) 241-0731 

"II I le I (71 jilea.'.eii u ilh ike fwnonid altention Michelle receice.s as a sludenl at .\lcPherson 
College. ' 

-Kt'ii and lx)la Luliienlz. Lawrence. KS 
Lone Star Chureh iit the Brethren 


Church of die Brelinen Awards — [p lit Sl.CMIU per \ear 

Brethren Volunteer Service Grants — i'p to $500 per year 

Children of Alumni Grants — ip to $500 per \eiir 

Church-Matchinf; Grants — L p to S500 per \ear 

Dependents of Persons in Church Professions — Lp to SI. 000 per \e<ir 

X ■ ■ _ 

Yes. I »anl lo take llie next step and find oul more ahoni 
McPlieiMin C()lle(»e. 

'^' .Auitnls (ire 
reneuahle for up lo 
Jour -tears provided 
that students reiiiain 
eligible for the 
grants. Some aieards 
are based on 
financial need and 
availability of 

Name . 
Cilx _ 

. Male 


Plitine 1 L 

, N ear oi (Irad nation . 

(!li|) and send lo: Admissions Olfiee, MePherson College. 
P (). Ro\ 1102. MePherson. KS 67 KiO or 

McPherson College does not discriminate on the 

basis of race, religion, sex, color, national origin, or physical/emotional disability. 

fL-hiii.iiA \^>^'s Mcsscn^ci 29 

a conference of other congregations, or. 
in some, the congregational assembly. 
Time and again. I have seen the same 
problems dealt with, never solved, and 
passed on to the "next commission," the 
"next church board," or the "next 
pastor." In m\ congregation. 1 have seen 
the same problems move on through the 
life of the congregation year after year, 
with no solution probably because no one 
person w ill take, or is given, final 
authority or responsibilit\ . 

The churches and denominations that 
are growing numerically, or exerting 
signitlcani influence on some segment of 
American life, are those that have a well 
defined structure, animated by a clearh 
defined and effective theolog> . and 
moving toward specific goals. Without 
any movement in that direction, the 
Church of the Brethren cannot remain a 
separate and effective Christian entity far 
into the future. 

On the district le\el. the programs and 

From the 

Office of Human Resources 

Executive, Pacific Southwest District 


— sen e as chiet'executlveofficerot district 

— give general oversight to planning/ 

implementation ofdistrict work 
— provide pastoral oversight to ministry of 

district churches 

— strong management skills/admimstraiive e\p- 
— pastoral experience/theological training 
— can work w ith multi-cultural diversity 
— can communicate w ith various ethnic groups 

Interested and qualified persons may apply by 
sending a letter of interest and resume to: 

Karen Peterson Miller 

\-i5i Dundee .Avenue 

Elgin. IL 60 1 20 
.Applicants are requested to contact .'' or 4 
people and have them prov ide a reference letter. 

Materials due bv March 2. 199.1 

WAI^E[>— Camp manager or couple to manage Camp 
Colorado in Pike National Forest (40 minutes fr. Denver or 
Colorado Sprgs.) from Memonal Day to Labor Day 1993. 
Camp located on 85 forested acres. Features swimming 
pool, hiking trails. 6 dorms, dining hall, recreation bldg. 
Camp has 4 wks of Brethren-sponsored camps and is 
rented remainder of season to Brethren churches and family 
reunion groups. Duties incld. purchasing supplies, cleaning, 
and repainng camp. Altitude of camp is 7,500, Applicants 
should be in good physical shape. Salary $1 ,000 per month. 
InckJs. 2-bdrm. cabin, utilities. Interested parties contact 
Ron Achilles. Rt. 1 . Box 1 43. Quinter. KS 67752. Tel. (91 3) 

30 Messenger February 1993 

projects that are carried out appear to be 
matters that congregations do not want 
to devote time, money, or energy toward, 
but which are "services" that everyone 
expects to be part of "Brethren life." We 
are the only sizable denomination I know 
that mandates that districts organize, 
fund, construct, and operate camps as a 
major function. The time, energy, and 
money that our districts put into camps is 
unbelie\ able. What about missions to 
start, house, or strengthen new or 
existing congregations? 


.he influence and impact on congrega- 
tions by denominational leaders head- 
quartered in Elgin. III., seems minuscule. 
Few Brethren whom I have met seem 
really interested in the World Council of 
Churches or National Council of 
Churches and their various programs, 
because those programs seemingly never 
touch the lives of people in the congrega- 
tions in any meaningful way. But from 
reading the news .section of MESSENGER, 
one could believe that the Church of the 
Brethren was one of the main supporters 
of these ecumenical groups. The national 
staff seems to devote much time and 
energy, and the General Board much 
money . on behalf of these groups. 

Few of the major denominational 
members of these groups have anywhere 
near the interest in Brethren values that 
our leaders seem to think they' do. I 
suspect that we are along for the ecu- 
menical ride because it looks good and 
because some of our denominational 
leaders think it important that we 
Brethren be part of the "in crowd." 

Another concern is the seeming lack 
of Brethren commitment to evangelism. 

Brethren confuse following Christ witJ 
"doing like he did." rather than makin.i 
him Lord of their lives and letting "doi 
good" follow afterward. Many Brethrei 
are more than ready to serve others, bu 
become confused and even hostile whe 
asked to deal with Christ's total claim < 
their lives and souls. And I sense a rea 
lack of commitment toward mission 
beyond the United States. 

Perhaps now is the time for the entir 
Church of the Brethren to reach a con- 
sensus on what it means to be "Brethrc 
and what the denomination really 
believes, and what its basic practices ai 
traditions really are. The world in whit 
the Church of the Brethren exists toda} 
is a far cry from the world of 1 708. I d 
not see how we can continue to have 
multiple groups in the denomination tl 
advocate different lifestyles or distinct 
theological concepts. Separate, compet 
ing groups are sapping the strength of 
the denomination. In some denomina- 
tions this situation has resulted in 
competing interest groups dropping ou 
and forming separate churches. Perhap 
the day of that development in the 
Church of the Brethren is close at ham 

My hope is that Brethren will be 
motivated to become more deeply 
involved, both as individual believers 
and as corporate members of the churc 
in re-establishing and renewing the 
church as a Christian community that 
accepts and acts on its beliefs in such ; 
way that Jesus Christ is exalted as the 
King, Redeemer, and Good shepherd 
of the entire human 
race. L 

Re/^gic Mcrviiw is a member of Dranesyille 
Church of the Brethren, in Herndon. \ a. 


TRAVEL— Air-conditioned coach tour to Annual Confer- 
ence in Indianapolis, including housing. For information 
wnie J, Kenneth Kreider. 1300 Sheaffer Rd.. Elizabethiown. 
PA 17022, 

TRAVEL— Join Wendell and Joan Bohrer on 16-day British 
Isles and Ireland Tour, Aug, 2-17,1 993, Write for brochure: 
Wendell and Joan Bohrer, 8520 Royal Meadow Dr,, India- 
napolis, IN 46217, Tel. (317) 882-5067. 

TRAVEL— Best of Bntain and Ireland— England. Wales. 
Ireland. Scotland, fi^any beautiful attractions such as 
Stonehenge, Bath, Edinburgh, York. Stratford, Coventry. 

Oxford, London, Lake District of England, hills of Scot) 
southern Wales and the Ring of Kerry in Ireland, a panoii 
of exciting mountains, coastal scenery with remote vill? 
Dates: July 12-27, 1993, For details and brochure, co 
Dale or Gladys Hyllon, 115 Greenawalt Rd,. Lenharts 
PA19534, Tel, (215)756-6109. 

INVITATION— In Atlanta, Ga., join Faithful Servant Cf 
of the Brethren for 10 a.m. church school and 11 
worship at Shoney s Inn at intersection of Indian Trai 1 
and 1-85 North, exit 38. Norcross. Contact pastor 1 
Jordan at (800) 782-9796, or Bob and Rose Garnson || 
979-7343, 2679 Sherman Oaks, Lithonia, GA 30058, 

ilicia Calderon 

[ am becoming 

grew up in the heart of Brethrenism, 
nd was an active youth participant and 
:ader. 1 learned about love, peace, and 
ervice. For three years now, as a 
irethren Volunteer Service (BVS) 
, /orker, I have been learning about 
peace with justice." 

But from reading MESSENGER. I learn 
f disrespect for others, of violence, of 
• listrust. I see intolerance of homosexu- 
s. I see racism and sexism. I see male 
omination. I see fear of dwindling 

Apparently, growth is more important 


than faithful discipleship. And what I see 
of evangelization where I am in the so- 
called "Third World" is a damaging 
force, bringing division and passiveness. 
not love or peace. 

The Brethren have no creed. I thought 
we accepted discussion, doubting, and 
questioning as part of our Christian 
growth process. I was taught to accept 
all peoples. Instead of squabbling over 
sexual preferences and crying about low 
membership numbers, we should be 
acting on our beliefs. The world needs 
for all of us to serve and to love one 
another. Whether the church grows or 
not is not the fundamental question. 
That question has to do with following 
Christ's example, being true to our peace 

I am one of man_\ disillusioned 
members of our denomination. My 
homosexual friends are discriminated 
against. My black and Latino friends are 
not taken seriously. My women friends 
are not offered positions of power. 

I may soon leave the church if it 
continues to follow this path. If the 
church does not return to its calling, 
along the lines of BVS goals. I v\ill not 
be able to call myself a member. 

"Evangelization" is what Columbus 
and the Catholic church did, and 1 will 
not repeat the past, nor be a part of 
something that follows 
that pattern. L^J 

Alicia Calderon. of Denver. Colo.. i.\ a B\ Ser on 
a.<:.sii;nnienl in Qniro. EciiaJiir 



thany. Mid-All: Jim & Jean 
Erin. & Minam HoUis, Brian 

■oadwater. Mo./Ark.; Michael & 
Shirlee Virtue 

ickeye. W. Plains: Evelyn 
^arlottesviile, Shen.: Wayne & 
Cindy Burton. Enn Mullins. 
Clifton Shifflett. Larry & Gay le 
Ramey. Charles & Joanne 
Billup^. Doug & Pam Keim. 
David & Colleen Martin 

inville, W. Mar\'a: Charles & 
Traci Morgan. Mike& 
Kassandra Burkeit, Peter 
' len,Virima: LetiiiaChnstley, 
j. Gregory Hazzard. Lauren. 
Devon, Cara. Todd. & Meh in 
Smith. George & Cormne 
Priddy. Amanda Crouch. 
Matthew GiUey.Shiriey 
Griggs. Donald & Diane 
Hudgins, Thelma Fuqua. 
Debbie & Terry Chambers. 
Douglas & Mary Wright. 
[< Edward. Susan, & All yson 
Freiwell, Sam Rhodes. Pamela 
'fiirview, N. Plains: Bryce Neher 

3shen City, N. Ind.: Noah & 
Erma Kulp, Jean Barton. Olden 
& Myrtle Mitchell 

irtville, N. Ohio: Annette Gann. 
Laura Amslulz. Andrew Dash. 
April Eller 

icust Grove. W. Pa.: Ray Haupi, 

Reubon Yoder, Jude Kuchen- 

brod. Beaince McCrcady. Dan 

Paros. Shelly Wortham. Dan 

Fyock, Shane Rudnik. Kerry 

Allison. Shannon Penrod. 
Tiffany Kirkv,ood.Charles& 
Gloria Tilson. Don Sr.. Mary, 
& Don Evans. Tammy Singer. 
Amanda & Josh Myers. Enn 
Pnstow, Lisa. Bill Sr..Doroth>. 
& Bill Marsh, Jessica Gerber. 
Susan Krzanowsky. Carrie 
Miller. Mandy Kristolf. Ryan 

Mt. Vernon, Shen.: Clyde & 
Wanda Garrison 

New Paris, N. Ind.: Jason & 
Richard Borkholder. Chad 
Nafziger. Kyle Schrock. Mindy 
Whitehead. Myron Miller. Rov 
& Carol Valencouri. Ken &. 
Wanda Weinch 

North Winona, N. Ind.: Anne 
Randy & Bobbi Hart. Chuck. 
T.J. . Amy . & Brad Waggoner. 
TicaLaughner. Jeff & Deb 
Turner, Dennis & Kris Cultice, 
Kevin & Tina Stump. Couriney 
& Kyle Smith. Keith Lawson. 
Barbara Blair, Jim Aker. Dan. 
Peggy. &. KryslJe Lesley. Sue 
Wagoner, Shellie Ferguson 

New Carlisle. S. Ohio: Rebecca 

Sugar Ridge, Mich.: Iva Calkins 

Trinity-Sabetha, W Plains: 
Barbara & Donald Young, 
David. Cheryl. &Layne 

Union Center, N. Ind.: Lisa Cnpe, 
Samaniha & Jesse Sheets, 
Stephani Neff.Jessica, Jamie. 
Duane, Sue, & Mindy Money- 
heffer, Russ &. Connie 
McDonald, Sue Smith 

Welty. Mid-Atl: Richard Kuhn 

White Oak, Atl. N E.: Adrienne 
Longenecker. Annette & 
Charles Shirk, Joy Bange, Jason 

Althouse. David Fahne.stock. 
Leian Litzenberger, David 
Martin. Jonathan Miller 


Bollinger. Glenn E.. from seminary 
to Bea\erCreek. Shen. 

Huston, Ervm L.. from secular to 
Westempori, W, Marva 

McMurray. J. Chadwick. from 
secular to Walnut Grove, S.E. 


Chun, Ryung. ordained Oct- 10. 

1W2. Brooklyn-Korean 

Fellowship. All. N.E. 
George. Charles S.. ordained Nov . 

14. 1Q92. First-Canton. N.Ohio 
Harris, Earl, ordained Mar. 27. 

1 992. Fredonia.W. Plains 
Hildreth. Janet Le\ esque, ordained 

Nov. 7. l992.Bumellsville, 

Kaser. James D., ordained Nov. 14. 

W92.Fair\iew, N.Ohio 
Ketterman. Curtis G.. licensed 

Sep,26. 1992.Frostburg. 

Paddock, Clyde. ! icensed Jul. 20. 

1 99 1. Messiah. Mo./Ark. 
Pote. Edw ina. ordained No\'. 5. 

l988.Wichila.W. Plains 
Rowe.Twyia D. licensed Oct. 22. 

1992. Liiilz. All. N.E. 
Schildt, Paul Edgar, ordained Oct. 

31. 1992. Upper Conewago, 
Sollenberger, Dennis Lee. 

ordained Oct. ."^1,1 992. Upton. 

VVenzel, Ron. ordained Mar. 15. 

1^9!. Roanoke. S Plains 
Winsor.Jerr). I icensed Jul. 28, 

1 990. New Beginnings, 



Brow n. Claron and .Mvera. 

Decatur. Hi. 55 
Burger, Venion and Beulah, 

Dancy. Fred and Frances. Sparta. 

Heckman. Glenn and Mary . 

Atglen. Pa. .55 
Kraus, Man in and Glenna. New 

Carlisle. Ohio. 50 
Ogden, Dwight and Agnes, 

L'nionville. Iowa. 60 
Smith, Cari and Carrie Lee, 

Manassas, Va., 50 


Barthlow. Rodney. 14.Libert\- 

town.Md..Nov.7. 1992 ' 
Beaver.Guy.K9. Shady Grove. Pa.. 

Sep. 3o' 1992 
Brubaker, Irene. 9 1 . Adcl. low a. 

May 5. 1992 
Bruckhart. Anna. 78. Manheim. 

Pa. Oct, 7, 1992 
Gluts, Florence Z., 78. Elgin, ill.. 

Nov. 29. 1992 
Coffman, Harry B.,66. Unioniow n, 


Ind. Aug. 22. 1992 
Eshelman, Elmer. 88. Zephyrhills. 

Fla..Oct.2, 1992 
Fifer, Herman. 78. San Francisco. 

Calif.. Feb. 29, 1992 

Gray, Raymond. 73. Nonh Man- 
chester. Ind. .Oct. 3 I. 1492 
(ireenslade, Har\e>.72. Adel. 

lowa.Mar.4. 1W2 
Hillsamer, Muriel. 93. Brethren. 

Mich..Apr.29. 1992 
Holl. David L.. 69. Sebnng. Fla,, 

Oct. 29, 1992 
Hollar, Everett C. 74, Nappanee. 

Ind. Nov. 3. 1992 
Hollenbeck. Velma. SO. Center- 

ville. Iowa. Nov. 10. 1992 
Keeny, Eli S,. 88. New Oxford. 

Pa. Nov. 9. 1992 
King. Norman C. 75. Waynesboro. 

Pa, Jul. 20. 1492 
Leekrone. Fern M..85.Copemish, 

Mich. Aug. 24. 1992 
Manahan. Sylvia P.. 72. Waynes- 
boro. Pa.'. Jul. 8. 1992 
Marshall, Angela. 92, Adel. Iowa. 

Mar. 1. 1992 
Millman, Ohve. 75. Decatur. III.. 

Aug. 14. 1992 
Moser,Pearlie.73. Dallas Center. 

Iowa. Sep 27. 1992 
Overmyer. Muriel. 83. VV arsaw . 

ind',. Nov, 1. 1942 
Puffenberger, Vernon. S4. Fort 

Seybert.W. Va..No\ 4. 1492 
Robey, Ruth. 9 1 . Baltimore. Md.. 

Oct. 2 1.1942 
Smith, Claude. 57. W arsaw , Ind.. 

May 25, 1442 
Snyder, Fran. 76. Warsau . Ind.. 

' Aug. 19.1992 
Spickler, Edna. 95. Manheim. Pa., 

Sep, 5. 1492 
Steen, Clifford. 77. Milford. Del.. 

Sep. 25, 1992 
Thomas. Dortha. 82. Warsaw , Ind.. 

Jun.5. 1492 
Whitehead. Dale. 84, Warsaw . 

Ind. Sep. 20. 1942 
Zunkel, Charles E., 87. North Man- 
chester. Ind.. Nov. 2 1 . 1992 

February 1993 Messenger 31 

To the shores of Mogadishu 

"All war is sin," the Brethren oft'iciall\ state. That 
succinct statement seems to cover the matter. But 
does it? What about a "humanitarian operation" 
by the LiS military? 

Tm talking about Somalia, of course — 
"Operation Restore Hope" — and my problem is 
aggra\ aied b\ the necessity of writing an editorial 
on December 14. when the operation is in its first 
w,eek, and the editorial will not appear until 
Februarv . B\ then I will know a whole lot more 
about how things are playing out. Maybe the 
operation will be over by then and deemed a huge 
success. But on December 14, my question is this: 
Should I decry "Operation Restore Hope," 
believing it violates our "All war is sin"" stance? 

That"s not easy when on TV and in newspa- 
pers and news magazines I see the heart-rending 
sight of starving Somali people needing immedi- 
ate food assistance. Ah. for the good old days of 
"Operation Desert Storm,"" when it was clear that 
we were into a war, that it was sin, and we were 
the bad guys. How easy it was then to rail at the 
madness of war and to ask "Where is our sack- 
cloth and ashes?"" (May 1991. page 48). 

Before I make a snap judgment on "Opera- 
tion Restore Hope,"" I need to go back a few years 
into history. Somalia and the Somalis are a land 
and people pulled apart for over a century by 
European, African, and American nations — Italy, 
Great Britain, France, the former Soviet Union, 
Ethiopia, Kenya, and the United States. In 1960, 
British Somaliland and Italian Somalia gained 
their independence and merged to fonn today "s 
Somalia. But fighting still went on over the 
Somali-inhabited lands under French and 
Ethiopian rule. After 1969, Somalia was ruled by 
a dictator until his overthrow in early 1991. Since 
then, chaos has reigned as rival clan leaders 
struggled against each other. Famine and now 
starvation have resulted. 

The US got involved through its Cold War 
struggle with the former Soviet Union. The 
Soviets gave more than S5 billion in weapons and 
military aid to neighboring Ethiopia from 1979 to 
1990 so that Ethiopia and its Somali clans could 
gain control of Somalia. To offset Soviet support 
of Ethiopia and to guard access to the Middle East 
oil fields, the US and other nations got involved. 
The US gave some Somali clans more than $800 
million in military aid from 1979 to 1990. 

Tremendous amounts of weaponry poured into 
Somalia: we saw small arms from this armory 
carried by Somali men and boys on TV before 
the arrival of the US military in Mogadishu in 
early December. 

So "Operation Restore Hope"" has not been 
the innocent act of humanitarian aid that we were 
led to believe. We had helped create the horror of 
war, chaos, famine, and starvation that we now 
piously were setting out to alleviate. 

Okay. that"s helpful. That history gives me a 
lot to decry already. But what about "Operation 
Restore Hope,"" itself? Is it war, and is it sin? 
Well, it involves a bunch of soldiers and marines 
with guns, and people getting killed. That sounds 
like war to me. Sin. too. 

But what kind of Christian would callously 
say, "Stay out of Somalia."' when all those people 
are starving pitifully before our eyes? I don't want 
that on my conscience, either. "When did we see 
you hungry?"" I eventually would have to ask my 

Clearly, I am in a moral dilemma over this 
Somalia situation. And here is my personal 
resolution (which may not work for everyone): I 
have decided I am not going to throw myself in 
front of the US tanks in Somalia, even though 1 
am jeopardizing my credentials as a pacifist. 
There isn"t time to straighten out all the sinful 
mess regarding Somalia we have been in already. 
Nor has there been time to split hairs over war as 
sin. As Huckleberry Finn would say, "This ain't 
no time to be swappin" knives."' Innocent people 
are starving. May God forgive me my seeming 
inconsistency, but let's get in there and feed them 
as fast as we can. Never mind about how long it 
takes to extricate ourselves and come home. 


. s 1 have said in other circumstances, if I were 
starving, I likely would steal food if I got a 
chance; never mind my belief that stealing is 
sinful. If I saw someone about to kill one of my 
loved ones, I probably would brain the villain on 
the spot, without reflecting beforehand on my 
belief that killing is sinful. And when I see 
Somalis starving to death, and sending in the US 
Marines seems the handiest way to feed and save 
them, I'm saying "Move it!"" . . . even if St. 
Peter is laying for me at the Pearly Gates. — K.T. 

32 Messenger February I W.I 

TMNim FOR m cnmcH aim] 

1993 Evangelism Leaders Academy 

4 i For equipping the 
saints for outreach, the 
Evangelism Leaders 
Academy is one of the 
best training events in 
North America, f^ 

George G. Hunter. Ill, Dean 

E. Stanley Jones 

School of World Mission and Evangelism 

The Evangelism Leaders Academy 

IS a multi-denominational training 

event sponsored by 

the Church of the Brethren 

Open to laity and pastors alike 
Six locations coast to coast 
Conveniently scheduled during the 
summer months 

93 speakers include Jenny 
Jackson-Adams, Cynthia Hale, 
Terry Hershey, and Doug Murren 

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Ephesians2:17 \ 

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Annual Conference Manager 

1 45 1 Dundee Avenue 

Elgin, Illinois 60120 

How shall we 
educate our children? 

Fimii llcEililor 

For Church of the Brethren members, it's interesting how often 
you bump into the same familiar people as you meander along 
through life. Our small size as a denomination accounts for it. 
The bumps happen more often if your professional career has 
been within the service of the denomination, as mine has. I 
not onh biniip into familiar people, but often wind up being a 
colleague of the same person more than once. 
If it isn't church camp where we first met. it's 
college. Brethren Volunteer Service, the mission 
lield, seminary, or Elgin. I consider this phenom- 
enon one of my job perks. 

As I was sorting through photographs to 
illustrate the article on "sister churches" (page 
16), I came across a familiar person. There was 
Howard Miller, sifting volcanic ash in Managua, 
Nicaragua (a note said). "Good ol" Howard," I 
mused. And away went my thoughts, back to 
German class at Bridgewater College, when 
Howard and I were freshman together . . . some 
^ 40 years ago. An image beamed up, of us crazy 
kids leaning out the windows of our .second-floor 
classroom on the first cold morning of that fall of 1954, singing 
lustily to our German professor coming up the walk, dear old Dr. 
Gustav Enss, "O, wie ist es kalt Geworden!" ("O, how cold it is 
this morning!" . . . and don't check my German!) 

Since college, Howard and I have bumped into each other 
numerous times, most often at Annual Conference. But just a 
day or so after his ash-sifting photo sent me into a reverie, I 
picked up an office memo announcing Howard Miller's accep- 
tance of a position on our General Board's stewardship team, 
as planned giving officer for the Northeast. Hey, neat! That 
means we'll be colleagues on the General Services Commission 
staff. One more bump. One more perk. And my first question 
to Howard is going to be "Why do folks in Managua sift 
volcanic ash?" 

COMING NEXT MONTH: A cluster of articles hailing the 
Easter season. 

March 199' 


Kermon Thomasson 

Managing Editor 

Eric B Bishop 

Editorial assistant 

Cheryl Cayford 


Norma Nieto, Martha Cupp 


Kenneth L. Gibble 


Dale E, Minnich 

DLstrlct Messenger represeti tat Ives: 

AlLmliL- Norlhcasl. Ron Lulz: Allantici 
Southeast, Ruby Raymcr; IllinoisAVisc 
Gail Clark; Northern Indiana. Leona 
Holderread: South/Central Indiana. M.^ 
Miller; Michigan, Marie Willoughby; 
Allanlic. Ann Fouls; Missouri/ArkanSB 
Mary MeGowan; Northern Plains, Fait 
Strom; Northern Ohio. Sherry Sampsc 
Southern Ohio, Shirley Retry; Oregon/ 
Washington. Marguerite Shamberger;! 
Pacific Southwest. Randy Miller; Soul 
Penns) Ivania, Elnier Q. Gleim; Westei 
Pennsyl\ania. Jay Chnstner; Shenand* 
Jerry Brunk; Southern Plains. Esther S 
Virlina, David & Hettie Webster; Wesi 
Plains, Dean Hummer; West Marva, 
Winoma Spurgeon. 


Messenger is the official publication c 
Church of the Brethren, Entered as sei 
class matter Aug. 20, 19IS. under Act 
Congress of Oct. 17, 1917. Filing date 
1. 1984. Messenger is a 
/^ member of the Associate! 
7^ Church Press and a subsc 
to Religious News Servic 
Ecumenical Press Service 
Biblical quotations, unles 
otherwise mdicaled. arc from the New 
Revised Standard Version. 

Subscription rates: SI2.50 individ 
rale. SIO.^O church group plan. $10.5 
subscriptions. Student rale 75c an issi 
you move, clip address label aiul send 
new address to Messenger Subscriptic 
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at least five weeks for address change 
Messenger is owned and published 
limes a year by the General Services < 
mission. Church of the Brethren Gene 
Board. Second-class postage paid at El 
111., and at additional mailing ofUce. ^ 
1993, Copyright 1993. Church of the- 
Brethren General Board, ISSN (K)26-l 
POSTMASTER: Send address chai 
Messenger. I45I Dundee Ave., Elgint 

n Touch 2 
lose to Home 

l^ews 6 

Worldwide 10 


Itepping Stones 

letters 23 
lixed Reviews 

)pinions 27 

"ontius' Puddle 
urning Points 
ditorial 32 





iover; De Wys, Inc. 

iiside front cover. 1 6; Christy J. 


, 12: Lois Snyder 

left: Bill Smith, The Sentinel. 

Carlisle. Pa. 

i right: Irene S. Reynolds 
I top: Jiiniuta Sentinel. Miftlintown, Pa. 
1 bottom left: Leiand Wilson 
I bottom right: Cheryl Cayford 

: Eric B. Bishop 

3: Terry Rempel 

1 : Religious News Service 


How shall we educate our children? 1 1 

Annual Conference action calls for Brethren to work for 
educational excellence for our children . . . and respect for 
those who serve through teaching. Article by Lois Snyder. 
Sidebar on a poll of Brethren educators by Dwayne Brubaker. 

Sister churches: Transcending cultural 
barriers 16 

Is the "sister churches'" program the answer for those who 
want to relate to Christians in other cultures, but in a way that 
avoids old "foreign missions" mistakes? Article by Suellen 
Shively. Sidebar on a "sister churches" experience by Christy 
J. WaltersdortT. 

Light from a cave: The Dead Sea Scrolls 20 

Roger Kahle explains the significance of the breaking of the 
scholarly monopoly on the Dead Sea Scrolls. 

Learnings from the learned: The faith of early 
Christians 20 

John D. Mummert describes the sources from which 
Alexander Mack and other Brethren founders got their 

Cover story: .losepit Esther, 
shown here with tutor Jean 
Williams. }-)enefits from Chieai^o 
First Church of the Brethren's 
tutoring program — just one 
of the many ways that 
congregations show they care 
about the educating of our 
children (page 11}- 

March 199.1 Messenger 1 


II ion 

£(/ Pnllni; runs 
for the money, in 
this case the JFK 
5()-milc run 
thrnu'^h rui;i;ed 
western Maryland. 

"In Tinich" pntfiles Brethren v 
would like you to meet. Semi 
sinry ideas and photos (hiai k 
and white, if possible) lo ' In 
Tnueh." Messenger. 1451 
Dundee Ave.. El^m. IL 60120. 

Preacher on the run 

Ed Poling doesn't fit the 

caricature of the preacher 

asiving for money. 

money, money. Well, 
he does ask. but he's 
wiMing to match miles 
of running with your 
pledge of money. 

When the 45-year- 
old pastor of Carlisle 
(Pa.) Church 
of the 
wanted to 
raise money 
for the West 
Shore new- 
he entered 
the John F. 
Kennedy 50- 
miie Run. 

The run 
follows a 
rugged course 
through the 
hilly Maryland 
from Boonsboro 
to Williamsport, 
including 15 miles 
along the Appala- 
chian Trail, where 
footing is poor. 
In the event 
this past November. Ed 
ran the course in 1 1 hours 
and netted .$."^,500 from 
his pledges. Ed was 
delighted with the mone- 
tary result, and confirmed in 
his notion that, as a runner. 
he's not yet over the hill. 
After the grueling JFK 
Run. however, that's the only 
hill he's glad not be over. 

Opal Davidson di.spkiys her 
district's logo quilt. 

Reviving a pastime 

Opal Davidson didn't have 
time, as the mother of eight 
children and the wife of a 
dairy farmer, for either the 
empty-nest syndrome or a 
mid-life crisis. She didn't 
have time, either, for a hobby 
she loved — quilting. 

But for a number of years 
now. this 80-year-old 
member of Osage Church of 
the Brethren, near McCune, 
Kan., has enjoyed her revival 
of the old pastime. The 
revival began with a quilt for 
a daughter's wedding gift. 
One of her favorite quilts 
features the logo of the 1 489 
Western Plains District 

These days. Opal reigns as 
the doyenne of the district's 
quilters. busying herself at 
district meetings with the 
annual quilt show. She's also 
the star exhibitor, of course. 

The company she keeps 

There is no reason to suppose 
that Mary Drudge is any- 
thing other than what she 
appears to be — an average 
member of the Church of the 

Brethren. She lives within 
two miles of the place she 
was bom. She and her 
husband, Russell, have been 
married 40 years and still 
live in their first home. She 
has attended the same 
church — Yellow Creek, near 
Goshen, Ind. — all her life. 
She has a daughter, two sons, 
and five grandchildren. She 
is marketing manager of 
Brethren Mutual Aid for 

Five years ago, however, 
Mary added a new title to her 
shingle. She became a bail- 
bonds agent. 

"I discovered immediately 
that I had led a sheltered 
life," she is quick to say. "I 
had not realized the depth of 
the problems out there." 

For about 95 percent of 
Mary's clients, alcohol or 
drugs are the problem. 
"Mostly alcohol," she says. \ 
"Battery, driving with a 
suspended license or no 
insurance, a second offense 
(which brings a felony 
charge), stealing ..." all of 
these, Mary finds, have their 
root in alcohol. It controls 

But she has found that 
she dare not judge anyone. 
"If my own children had 
grown up in the same situa- 
tions these people did. they 
might have turned out the 
same way." 

Mary finds, despite the 
setbacks, that she can make a 
difference sometimes. "I can 
be a leaning post, an adviser, 
a Christian person who can 
relate to them. After bonding 
someone, I often drop them ai 
word of encouragement." 

Mary often wonders what 
the folks at church really 
think of her. "At least I have 
made them more aware. In 

2 Messenger March 1993 

Sunday school, I ask my 
classmates to pray for various 
clients of mine. And we 
support the prison chaplain- 
cy and buy Bibles for 

Says Mary, "I ask what 
justifies me as a Christian in 
all this. What justifies any- 
body? I just pray that the 
break 1 give someone will put 
him on a solid foundation. If 
one person a year changes, it 
has been worth it. If none of 
them changes, maybe iw.xt 
year someone will."" — Frank 


I Frank Ramirez is pastor of 
I EILIiart \ alley Church of the 
I Brethren. Elkharl. Ind. 

Forrest and Vera Gordon display their "apple" fundraiser. 

McAlisterville. Pa. (where 
Forrest was pastor. 1960- 
1980), accepted an envelope 
at the 1991 auction, with no 

Bail-bond agent Mary Drud:^e "makes a difference." 

Growing money 

fPlant a seed for those in 
meed."" say the envelopes 
handed out to attenders of 
ithe annual Brethren Disaster 
Relief Auction in Lebanon. 
I Pa. The ""grow money"" 
'envelopes contain a $10 bill. 
The challenge to the recipi- 
ent is to multiply the amount 
and donate it at the next 
year"s auction. 

Forrest and Vera Gor- 
don, members of Lost Creek 
Church of the Brethren, 

idea how they would "grow"" 
any money. 

Vera suggested that they 
use their woodworking skills. 
So they began producing 
wooden baskets. Each basket 
is cut from a single board. 
Hanging flat, the basket is a 
plaque with an apple pattern. 
Flipped over, it telescopes 
into a basket. 

At the 1992 auction this 
past September, Forrest and 
Vera turned in $7,531 from 
the sale of 362 baskets, not a 
bad return for a $10 invest- 

ment. And they already have 
sold 50 more baskets toward 
their 1993 donation. This is a 
basket case to be applauded. 

Names in the news 

Paul Hoffman and his wife. 
Joanna were honored for 
their years of service to 
McPherson College, at an 
annual trustee banquet. Paul, 
with 16 years in office, is the 
longest tenured president in 
the college"s history. 

• Lizzie Longenecker. 
103, a member of White Oak 
Church of the Brethren, 
Manheim, Pa., is featured in 
.A Glimpse of the Past, a 
book on the one-room 
schools of the Manheim area. 
Lizzie was featured in In 
Touch in the December 1989 

• Todd Helm, music 
director at La Verne (Calif.) 
Church of the Brethren and 
a high school music teacher 
for nine years, was named by 
his school district 1991 
Employee of the "^'ear. 

• Kathy Fry-Miller, a 
member of Beacon Heights 
Church of the Brethren, Fort 

Wayne, Ind., has written 
Story Gifts for Children. 
which she calls "a handbook 
of how and why to tell stories 
for and with children, 
creating stories for children 
of pre-school and elementary 
age."" (Available, for $5.95 
from Brethren Press. Call 
800-441-3712 to order.) 

• Milford Beeghly, a 
member of Kingsley (Iowa) 
Church of the Brethren and a 
retired fanner, spent several 
weeks last fall traveling in 
Poland and comparing that 
country"s agriculture with its 
US counterpart. Milford is 
94, and the Poland trip was a 
honeymoon for the newly- 
wed and his wife, Alice. 

• Laura Sevvell, a member 
of Portland (Ore.) Peace 
Church of the Brethren and a 
retired India missionary, 
teaches a basic literacy class 
twice a week at Portland"s 
Lifelong Learning Center. 

• Jean Jacoby Smith, a 
member of McPherson 
(Kan.) Church of the 
Brethren, nine years ago 
founded a fundraising event, 
the International Bread 
Festival. Today, profits from 
the annual event benefit two 
local food banks. 

• Jessica Lehman, a 
member of Highland A\ enue 
Church of the Brethren, in 
Elgin, 111., and a high school 
sophomore, has been active 
in petitioning the local 
school board to permit a 
group called .Accuracy in 
Military Recruiting (AMR) 
to visit high schools to 
counter the arguments of 
armed forces recruiters. Last 
No\ ember, .lessica handed a 
petition to the school board 
bearing her name and those 
of 50 of her classmates 
amonu the 150 signatories. 

M.irch IW.^ Messenger 3 




A growth explosion 

The Church ot the Brethren 
declining in numbers? Tell 
that to Nappanee (Ind.) 
Church of the Brethren. 

Nappanee added 34 new 
members to its ranks this 
past December 13, 15 of 

community's opposition to 
the operations "because of 
lack of good historical infor- 
mation on these operations, 
inadequate plans for storage, 
questionable environmental 
responsibility, and a general 
lack of information." 
This past October, the 

Nappanee Church of 
the Brethren has added 
44 new members since 
mid-December. Shown 
here are the 34 people 
who joined the church 
on December 13. 

"Close to Home" hi^htiiihts 
news of coni^regations. dtstruts. 
colleges, homes, and other local ami 
rejiional life. Send story ideas and 
photos ihlack and while, if possible) 
to "Close to Home." Messknger, 
1451 Dundee Ave.. Elgin. IL f>ni20. 

them by baptism. Ten more 
were added January 3, eight 
b\ baptism. (See page 31 for 
a list of the new members.) 
Attendance is soaring too, 
they say. Something's going 
on there, it appears. Does 
Nappanee know something 
other congregations don't 
know? But need to know? 

And our neighbor's good 

When the zoning board of 
appeals in Dayton, Ohio, was 
considering approval of a tire 
shredding operation and a 
wood/pallet shredding 
operation. Bear Creek 
congregation took seriously 
Annual Conference's call "to 
be stewards and partners in 
God's continuing creation." 
In a letter to the board of 
appeals, the Bear Creek 
church board stated the 

zoning board honored Bear 
Creek's appeal, but subse- 
quently the businesses in- 
volved have taken the town- 
ship to court over the matter. 

"It's been an ongoing 
battle for two years now," 
says pastor Andrew Wright. 
"We're really just trying to 
uphold the Brethren prin- 
ciple of working for our 
neighbor's good." — SUELLEN 

Suellcn Shively completed a 16- 
month term of Brethren \ oliinteer 
Senice lB\'S) with Messenger /;; 
December. She has begun another 
BVS tour of service with Comnmnity 
Crisis Center, in Elgin. III. 

Together in Waterloo 

"Waterloo" is a word that 
suggests things falling apart, 
but in Waterloo, Iowa, these 
days, the opposite is happen- 

ing. First Brethren Church, 
in Waterloo, voted recently 
to merge with Waterloo Cit} 
Church of the Brethren. 

Starting January 3, the 
group from The Brethren 
Church (headquartered in 
Ashland, Ohio) began 
meeting together with the 
Waterloo City folks, using 
the Church of the Brethren 
building. The older Brethren 
Church building will be sold. 

The Northern Plains 
District Board has not acted 
yet on the merger, but distric: 
executive Tom Bowser says 
he expects nothing but 
affirmation for the move. 

A Brumbaugh cover-up 

Martin Grove Brumbaugh 

(see October 1992, page 17), 
as Pennsylvania's governor 
(1915-1919), put aside his 
Brethren pacifism in support 
of World War 1. But on 
another issue he hewed to the 
line, specifically on the 
Brethren notion of modesty. 

When 33 nude statues 
arrived from Paris to adorn 
the Pennsylvania state 
capitol. the shocked govemoi 
ordered that 
the male 

attached. Later, sculptor 
George Grey Barnard 
reluctantly but dutifully 
carved marble "blurs" in 
strategic places. The nude 
female statues apparently 
didn't offend the governor. 
Recently, in Harrisburg, 
the Capitol Preservation 
Committee, in a $2.6 millior 


4 Messenger March 1 993 

project to restore the aging 
nudes, toyed with the idea of 
bringing the "blurs" back 
into sharp focus. But it 
finally decided to keep 
Barnard's work as he had left 
it some 80 years ago. 
reasoning that "it's part of 
the history of the piece, the 

. fact that Barnard, himself, 

I did the carving. . . ." 

Curiously, Barnard didn't 
tamper with one of the male 

I statues, leaving the figure of 
Adam as he dressed before 

I the apple incident. Seniority, 
apparently, has its privileges. 

Fixing Falfurrias' roof 

The New Testament isn't as 
specific about one's neigh- 
bor's roof as it is about oxen 
in ditches and bread needs at 
midnight, but the principle is 
'there. And it guides urban 
I Brethren today as surely as it 
idid earlier in a rural Pennsyl- 
vania Dutch culture. 

Take Falfurrias (Texas) 
'Church of the Brethren, for 
example. Its flat roof had 
developed leaks until the 
situation was intolerable. But 

the wherewithal for a 
mending job was lacking. 

Pastor Frank Ortega issued 
a plea for help. First, Erv and 
Joan Huston, from Twin 
Falls (Idaho) Church of the 
Brethren came down and 
built the frame for a hip roof 
to replace the old flat roof. 

Then came about 20 men 
from three congregations in 
Southern Plains District — 
Antelope Valley, Big 
Creek, and Waka. Over a 
period of days they com- 
pleted the roofing job. On 
the last day the Falfurrias 
Women's Fellowship put on 
a Mexican dinner for the 
visiting crew. 

Now let the rains come 
down. The church has a good 
roof and the whole district 
has a good feeling about 
attending to one's neighbor's 

week was a Canton, III., 
teenager, John Keets. who 
has AIDS. 

Inspired by his witness and 
message, the Brethren youth 
asked to hold a retreat in 
Canton, in connection with 
the second annual John Keets 

"We have to 
kill AIDS because 
it's been 


March for AIDS Research. 
Canton (III.) Church of 
the Brethren hosted the 
retreat, whose participants 
joined 2.600 other marchers 
for the AIDS event. The 
$5 1 .000 that was raised went 
to the Jonas Salk Institute for 
AIDS cure research. 

Youth march for AIDS Campus comments 

Illinois-Wisconsin District 
youth attending church camp 
at Camp Emmanuel last 
year got the idea. One of 
their resource persons for the 

Southern Plains volunteers working; at Falfurrias turned a 
roof replaeement job into an experience in Christian unity. 

Twenty-one Bridgewater 
College students in Carl 
Bowman's sociology class, 
"The Community," spent 
time in Washington, D.C., 
this past December preparing 
food and serving it to the 
city's homeless people. 

The soup kitchen in which 
they worked is operated by 
Washington (DC.) City 
Church of the Brethren. 
Long-time pastor Duane 
Ramsey discussed with the 
students the role an urban 
church plays in meeting a 
community's needs. 

• Manchester College is 
among the schools listed in 
the top quartile of mid- 
western liberal arts colleges 
in the 1993 college guide 
America's Best Colleges. 

The guide, in its sixth year, 
is based on the results of a 
survey conducted by the 
magazine US News and 
World Report. 

• Juniata College senior 
Kelly Frye, from Roaring 
Spring (Pa.) Church of the 
Brethren, was among eight 
students recognized with 
Community Contribution 
Awards at the college's 1992 

The awards celebration 
marks the third year Juniata 
students have forgone the 
traditional homecoming 
queen hoopla in lieu of 
recognizing students who 
seek to make their commu- 
nity a better place. 

Let's celebrate 

Pittsburgh (Pa.) Church of 
the Brethren celebrated its 
90th anniversary this past 
October 18. with Western 
Pennsylvania District 
Executive Ron Beachley as 
speaker for the day. Also 
marked was the 50th 
anniversary of Pittsburgh's 
present church building. 

• Williamson Road 
Church of the Brethren, in 
Roanoke. Va.. held a note- 
burning service this past 
December 6. The total cost of 
the capital project, which 
began in 1986. was 
$970,000. Happily noted was 
the fact that the congre- 
gation's mission giving has 
increased each year since 
1986. despite the debt. 

• Pinecrest Community 
retirement center. Mount 
Morris. III., is celebrating its 
centennial this \ear. with 
activities spread out o\er 
several months. 

March 1993 Me!,senaer 5 


Because ihe news pa^es include news from various 
Church of ihe Brethren organizations and move- 
ments, the activities reported on may represent a 
variety of viewpoints. These pages also report on 
other national and international news relevant to 
Brethren. Information in news articles does not nec- 
essarily represent the opinions o/ Messenger or the 
Church of the Brethren. 

Letter from Miller answers 
attack on World Council 

An article in the February 1993 issue of 
Reader' s Digest attacked the World 
Council of Churches, charging that the 
WCC is adapting to paganism, is giving 
contributions to terrorist groups, and has 
been influenced by agents of the former 
Soviet Union. 
In response to the article, "The Gospel 
According to Marx," general 
secretary Donald Miller 
wrote a letter to Brethren 
pastors in late January. 
"Discussions within the 
World Council, now a 
fellowship of 322 denomina- 
tions, represent differing 
points of view, as is the case 
in all our congregations," 
Miller said. "Brethren 
through the years have be- 
lieved in being . . . cooperative with 
other churches. 1 Corinthians 12:14-26 
reminds us that we are inseparably 
linked together in Jesus Christ. 

"The WCC allows Brethren to engage 
in mission work, medical assistance, and 
disaster relief far beyond our own limited 
resources. ... It gives an opportunity for 
us to witness to our deeply held convic- 
tions with other Christians." 

The article is the third such attack by 
the Reader' s Digest. The first appeared 
in 1971, followed by a second in 1982. 

The Church of the Brethren was one of 
the charter members of the WCC in 
1948, when church leader M.R. Zigler 
asserted that if Christians around the 
world would stop killing other Chris- 
tians, most wars could be averted. 

Mai Sule Biu dies from 
auto accident injuries 

Mai Sule Biu, a well known leader in 
Ekklesiyar 'Yaniiwa a Nigeria (EYN — 
the Church of the Brethren in Nigeria) 
died December 20 after being hospital- 
ized following a December 13 car acci- 
dent. The accident initially claimed the 
life of Boaz Maina, who had begun as 

Two eastern Europeans joi 
Brethren Volunteer Service 

Brethren Volunteer Service (BVS) 
gained two new recruits from eastei 
Europe. Andrea Loffeholz, 26, of 
Dresden, Germany, and Erjan Aiss: 
baev, 23, of the former Soviet Unio 
joined the 205th BVS unit. 

In February the two volunteers be 
gan their respective projects at the 
Clarion Alliance, Des Moines, low; 
and the Near Eastside Multi-Servio 
Center. Indianapolis, Ind. 

Before coming to the US, Loffehc 
worked at the Ecumenical Informa- 
tion Center in Dresden, Germany. 5 
related to children and refugees, an 
counseled conscientious objectors. ( 


National Youth Christian Citizenship 
Seminar in New York City and Washing- 
ton. D.C.. March 21-26, on the theme 
"Making a Difference in the City" [contact 
ChrisMichael, Youth Ministries Office, 
(800) 323-80.19; registrations will be 
received through the first day of the 

Family iMonth in the Church of the Brethren. 

May [contact the Family Ministries Office, 
(800) 32.3-8039]. 

National Youth Sunday in the Church of 
the Brethren, May 2 [contact the Youth 
Ministries Office. (800) 323-8039). 

Peace Studies Travel Seminar to Israel and 
Palestine, June 29-July 19, sponsored by | 
Bethany Seminary's peace studies program 
[contract Marilyn Scott, Peace StudiesCo- 
ordinator. Bethany Seminary, Butterfield ' 
and Meyers Rds., Oak Brook, IL 60.')2 1 ; 
(708) 620-2226]. | 

acting general secretary of EYN follo' 
ing the death of general secretary Johr 
Guli on October 1 1. 

Six people were in the car when the 
left rear tire lost its tread, causing the 
driver. Mwada Mshelia, to contrc 
The car veered off the road, missing o 

6 Messenger March 1 993 

/Ij - 
Andrea Loffeholz 


Catholic back- 
'^Al ground, she earUer 

si k '^^^ '■■ served in a parish 

in East Germany. 
"Since the uni- 
fication of Ger- 
many there have 
been a lot of 
changes in our 
church," she said. 
"To tight for more 
justice and peace 
and changes in 
ciety seems not so important in the 
'ficial church. As a woman. I feel 
scrimination. And the image of God 
ems much too fixed. 
"I want to get to know different peo- 
e, a different culture, the opportunities 

Erjan Aissahaev 

Mai Siile But 

tree but colliding 
with a second. 
The car hit the 
tree with its right 
front comer and 
traveled along 
the tree damag- 
ing the entire 
side of the car. 
Boaz Maina 
died after 
reaching a 
hospital in 
Maiduguri. Mai 
Sule Biu died 

pm complications arising from internal 
ijjuries and surgery on damaged 
(testines. Two other passengers also 
'';re hospitalized. The group was 
Ijiveiing to Maiduguri to participate in 
I ordination. 

Boaz Maina was buried December 16 
id Biu December 28. Carol Mason and 
hvid Whitten, World Ministries field 
nff in Nigeria, represented the US 
tiurch of the Brethren at the funerals. 

Mai Sule Biu was a long-time EYN 
lider and evangelist, noted as a hymn 
I mposer, musician, and song leader. He 
I remembered by many Brethren in the 

•i for his participation in the 1972 
-,mual Conference. 

in a capitalist system," Loffeholz ex- 
plained. "I want to find a way to bring 
more humanity into life." 

Aissabaev holds a master's degree in 
politics and philosophy from the Univer- 
sity of Moscow and has taught politics at 
Bauman University in Moscow. For the 
past two years he has studied politics and 
economics in Berlin, Germany. 

Growing up in the Red Cross/Red 
Crescent youth movement, Aissabaev ex- 
perienced an atheistic environment in his 
boyhood. Later, at the University of Mos- 
cow, he took religious studies that in- 
cluded reading the Bible and the Koran. 

"I believe at the core of every religion 
is man with a rich spirit and a pure 
soul." he said. "Today I feel these values 
have unfortunately disappeared. What 

Leaders from the Church of the Breth- 
ren in the US visited EYN in February. 
The group included Annual Conference 
moderator Charles Boyer. World 
Ministries Commission (WMC) chair- 
woman Ingrid Rogers, WMC executive 
Joan Deeter, and Africa and Middle East 
representative Mervin Keeney. 

Brazilian Brethren begin 
licensing new ministers 

A special love feast was held January 17 
by the Comiinidadc Pacifista Crista, or 
"Tunker" church in Rio Verde, Brazil, 
during a visit by a study group from 
Bethany Seminary and Manchester Col- 
lege. The Tunkers were accepted into the 
Church of the Brethren by Annual Con- 
ference last year. 

The church also began the process of 
licensing ministers during the visit. In a 
"pre-licensing" service January 14, six 
members were anointed for ministry: Al- 
titure Gomes de Araiijo. Joao Bosco Mo- 
reira Filho, Eulalio Caetano de Oliveira. 
Mariluce Goncalves Pereira, Derich Ro- 
drigues, and Divino Onaldo Silva. 

General Board chairman David Wine, 
Latin America representative Yvonne 

remains is a person with a lack of mo- 
rality, a person with disregard for 
humanity. I hope to tr\' to influence 
this negative tendency." 

Both volunteers admitted that it has 
been difficult to adjust to the changes 
in their home countries. "It is hard 
when people say the GDR (German 
Democratic Republic) doesn't exist," 
said Loffeholz. "People are being 
reeducated and are being told that 
everything they do is not right and are 
being told how to do things." 

"What we have now is freedom and 
we can say what we want," said 
Aissabaev. "Many people are unem- 
ployed, with nothing to eat, and no 
money to pay the rent, but they have 

Jeronimo V. Elias, a member of the Bra- 
zilian "Tunker" church, took part in 
footwashing during a special love feast 
held with visitors from the United States. 

Dilling, and ministry training consultant 
Estella Homing took part in the service 
representing the US Brethren. The 
church also identified three more mem- 
bers who will begin the licensing process 
next year, anointed five deacons, and 
baptized two new members. 

March 1993 Messenger 7 

Initial Standing Committee 
ballot slated for Indianapolis 

The Standing Committee ballot for 
Annual Conference in Indianapolis. 
Ind., in June, has been selected by the 
Nominating Committee. 

Candidates for moderator-elect are 
Joseph M. Mason. Dayton. Ohio: 
.Andrew Murray. Huntingdon, Pa.; 
Judy Mills Reimer. Roanoke, Va.: and 
Phyllis Kingery Ruff. Omaha. Neb. 

Nominees for Annual Con- 
ference Program and Arrange- 
ments Committee are Kim 
Yaussy Albright. Huntington, 
Ind.: Kreston R. Lipscomb. 
Springfield. 111.: Robert 
McFadden, Bridgewater, Va.: 
and Christy Jo Waltersdorff. 
Westminster, Md. 

Candidates for an at-large 
General Board position, four- 
year term-unexpired. are Tim- 
othy Button-Harrison, Ankeny. 
Iowa: John P. Heatwole. 
Waynesboro. Va.: Craig Smith, 
Eaton, Ohio: Michael R. Titus, 
Kent, Wash. For at-large Board 
positions, five-year terms, can- 
didates are Debbie Stocking 
Beer. Bluffton. Ohio: Phyllis 
Home Crain. Tryon, N.C.: Leah 
Oxley Harness, Morgantown, W.Va.: 
Cathy Simmons Huffman. Linthicum 
Heights. Md.: Beth Ikenberry Middle- 
ton, Boones Mill, Va.: Marie Petty. 
Greenville. Mo.: Darlene Witter 
Stouffer. Waynesboro, Pa.: Donna D. 
Pfrimmer Thralls. Billings. Okla. 

Candidates for IllinoisAVisconsin 
District representative to the Board 
are Robert P. Blake. Elgin. III.: Mary 
Scott Boria, Chicago, 111.; Christopher 
D. Bowman. Peoria. III.; Linda Fick- 
lin Weber, Lombard, III. For Middle 
Pennsylvania: James Benedict, New 
Enterprise, Pa.; Sharon Cobb Hutchi- 
son, McVeytown. Pa.: Lori Sollen- 
berger Knepp, Everett, Pa.; Ronald E. 
Page, Claysburg, Pa. For Western 
Pennsylvania: Arbutus Eash Blough, 
Holsopple, Pa.; Roger L. Forry, Som- 
erset, Pa.; Bruce Friend, Greensburg, 

Pa.; and Brenda Kay McCoy Spence, 
Indiana. Pa. 

Candidates for the Pastoral Com- 
pensation and Benefits Advisory 
Committee are Devoe Cobbs. Carmel, 
Ind.; Connie Burk Davis, Westmin- 
ster, Md.: Sue Anne Kreitzer Ed- 
wards. Arcanum, Ohio: Ronald P. 
Hendricks, Harleysville. Pa. 

For the Committee on Interchurch 
Relations, the candidates are Mary 
Cline Detrick. Harrisonburg, Va.; 

Annual Conference will he held in the conven- 
tion center attached to the Hoosier Dome. 

Hazel Kreider Huffman, Lancaster, 
Pa.; Cynthia A. Peel, Marion, Ohio; 
and Roma Jo Thompson. Mesa, Ariz. 

Brethren Benefit Trust candidates 
are Don Apple, Anderson, Ind.; Rob- 
ert D. Cain Jr.. Greenville. Ohio: Ann 
Gephart Quay, La Verne, Calif.; and 
Glenna Hawbaker Wampler, Harri- 
sonburg. Va. 

For Bethany Seminary elector rep- 
resenting ministry, nominees are 
Donald R. Booz. McPherson. Kan.; 
Melanie Jones-France. Franklin 
Grove, 111.: Kimberly McDowell, Hy- 
attsville, Md.: incumbent Stephen 
Breck Reid, Austin, Texas. For elector 
representing laity, candidates are in- 
cumbent Jerry A. Davis. McFarland, 
Calif.; Paula Eikenberry Langdon. 
Painesville, Ohio: William P. Robin- 
son, North Manchester, Ind.: Peg 
Mangus Yoder, Huntingdon, Pa. 

Another $1 00,000 grant goes i 
for work following Andrew 

An additional grant of $100,000 has 
been given from the Emergency Disast 
Fund for repair and rebuilding work in 
Florida and Louisiana following Hurri- 
cane Andrew. TTie money supplements 
homeowners grants, and will purchase 
additional building supplies. 

A one-time grant of S7.000 has been 
given from the Global Food Crisis Fun 
to the Women's Committee of the Vail 
Nue\o community in El Sah ador. The 
grant will be used to construct a buildii 
for a community day care center. The 
center is considered a high priority for j 
resolving social, economic. ph\sical. ei' 
ucational, and psychological de\elop- 
ment problems of children in the com- 

A one-time grant of S3.000 has also 
been given from the Global Food Crisi 
Fund to the Agricultural Association R 
minahui of Pijal, Ecuador. The money 
will purchase animals to start a dairy 
operation on land owned h\ the coopei 
ti\ e. to produce additional income 
through the sale of milk and cheese. 

Somalia, former Yugoslavia 
receive clothing, medicine 

A distribution center at the New Wind 
(Md.) Service Center prepared two shi 
ments of relief goods in late January fc 
Somalia and the former Yugoslavia. 

Over 23.000 pounds of medical sup-i 
plies, a wholesale value of SI 56.000. 
were shipped to Somalia. The shipmeii 
included nutritional items, shampoo, 
antibiotics, and medication for hyperte 
sion. asthma, cardiac problems, and th 
eyes. The supplies were provided by Ir 
terchurch Medical Assistance (IMA) I 
the Adventist Development and Relief 
Agency (ADRA), one of its members. 

Also in January. 12 trailer loads of 
winter clothing and quilts totaling ove 
360.000 pounds were made available 
through Lutheran World Relief for dis 
tribution to people in the former Yugo 
slavia. The goods will be distributed 

8 Messenger March 1993 

irethren Volunteer Service workers Todd Wenger, Quarryviue, Pa., and Jeff 

'irter. Westminster. Md.. were part of a Pax Christi demonstration on the birthday of 
'lartin Luther King Jr., at the General Dynamics office in Falls Church. Va. A group 
i about 30 joined in the protest of General Dynamics' building of military weapons. 
Iiirter and Wenaer both work in the Church of the Brethren Washington Office. 

lough the United Nations High Com- 
ssion on Refugees (UNHCR). 
'In 1992, the distribution center 
.aipped over S5 million in clothing, 
j/er 1.000 volunteers assisted the center 
rjiff in preparing the more than 1.8 mil- 
in pounds of clothes sent in 92 differ- 
:t shipments. The center also shipped 
:er five million pounds of medical sup- 
les in 634 orders with a value of nearly 
l|4 million. Clothing and medical 
fipments went to over 100 countries. 
Also, the New Windsor conference 
;iter held 335 conferences last year, 
ah close to 10.000 people attending, 
le center gave 154 tours for more than 
, )00 people. 

nristian Peacemaker Team 
iqns Haitians in fasting 

'ambers of the Christian Peacemaker 
jams (CPT). a Mennonite and Brethren 
Uanization. joined in a hunger strike 
'i:h Haitian refugees detained at the 
'3me Detention Center outside Miami, 

., prior to President Clinton's in- 
.Uuration in January. 

rhe 10 people in the CPT group joined 
' I fast in response to allegations of 

inhuman treatment of the refugees. 
Group members traveled to the detention 
center from Minnesota. Illinois. Indiana, 
Pennsylvania, and Virginia after receiv- 
ing word of the fast, which began on 
New Year's Eve. 

As of January 13, 160 Haitians were 
held at Krome, CPT reported. One team 
member interviewed fasting refugees and 
said the Haitians have been held for four 
to eleven months. The refugees who 
fasted were put into solitary confinement 
and at one point were refused water for a 
24-hour period, the team member said. 

The group included Church of the 
Brethren members Elaine King, of Car- 
lisle. Pa.. Conrad Snavely. of Claypool, 
Ind., and Grant Verbeck. of North Man- 
chester, Ind. Elaine King and Sharon 
Helbert. of Timberville. Va.. participated 
in a CPT delegation to Haiti in Decem- 
ber. CPT and Witness for Peace plan 
to send another delegation to Haiti in 
late March. 

President Clinton has been called on to 
release Haitian detainees in the US, and 
to allow Haitian refugees to enter the 
country. CPT is encouraging Brethren 
and Mennonites to contact their gov- 
ernment representatives requesting the 
release of the refugees and a fair trial for 
them as political refugees. 

Hmniiii Miller 

General Board, Conference 
name new staff members 

Howard Miller began January 25 as the 
General Board's planned giving officer 
for the northeast United States. Miller is 
a graduate of Bridgewater College and 
Bethany Seminary. He has served the 
church in district positions and as a 
pastor in Illinois. Virginia. Maryland, 
and Pennsylvania. 

Miller follows Roy Johnson in the 
position. Johnson will continue as a 
planned giving officer working with 
Atlantic Northeast District. 

Susan Radcliff began February 8 as 
administrative assistant in the Annual 
Conference office. Previously she worked 
as secretary for MESSENGER, from Sep- 
tember 1989. She has also managed an 
advertising agency in Midland, Va. 

Care given to more than 
9,000 children in 1992 

More than 217 volunteers in the church's 
Cooperative Disaster Child Care pro- 
gram (CDCC) cared for over 9,000 chil- 
dren in 133 days of work last year. 

CDCC, headquartered in New Wind- 
sor. Md., responded to 14 disasters be- 
tween January 25 and December 20. The 
largest response followed Hurricane An- 
drew, when 93 volunteers served 34 days 
to care for over 5.500 children. Other 
disasters to which CDCC responded 
ranged from floods in Puerto Rico. 
Virginia. Indiana. Ohio, and New Jersey, 
to riots in Los Angeles, and Hurricane 
Iniki in Hawaii. 

In addition, over 1.500 refugees from 
Africa, eastern Europe. Indochina, Latin 
America, and the Near East were placed 
in the US in 1992 through the church's 
refugee office. Vietnamese made up the 
largest number of placements, with 505. 
Haitians were the second largest group 
with 421, and 226 refugees were placed 
from the former Soviet Union. 

March 199.1 Messenger 9 


General Board chairman David Wine and general secretary 
Donald Miller sent a letter to the governor of Colorado in early January 
1o support the appeal of Amendment 2, which disallows civil rights 
discrimination on the basis of sexual onentation." Wine and fvlilter re- 
ferred to the 1983 Annual Conference paper on "Human Sexuality 
from a Christian Perspective," which encourages the church to "extend 
Christlike comfort and grace to homosexual and bisexual persons" and 
to challenge "openly the widespread fear, hatred, and harassment of 
homosexual persons." 

Three different United Methodist groups have asked their de- 
nomination's leaders to cancel plans for holding the church's 1996 
General Conference in Colorado because of the state's adoption of 
the controversial "anti-gay" amendment. The amendment was 
passed last November, forbidding cities from passing anti-bias laws 
that protect homosexuals and lesbians from discrimination. 

Israel expelled 417 Palestinians from the occupied West Bank 
and Gaza in late December. The Palestinians were taken across the 
Lebanese border and were cared for by the International Committee of 
the Red Cross. The expulsions were approved by the Israeli high court 
because the deportees were accused of being members of or 
sympathizers with the Hamas or Islamic Jihad organizations. 

Recommendations on urban policies and strategies 

have been submitted to President Bill Clinton by the National Council 
of Churches. 

The seven recommendations "have been developed not in a spirit 
of despair, but in a spirit of hope. Where the people have no vision, 
they perish. But where there is vision there can be hope for a Shalom 
society." The recommendations are 1) Increase church investment in 
the cities. 2) The Clinton administration should convene the nation's 
private sector and non-profit investment sources. 3) Increase public 
investment in the cities. 4) Strengthen the community development 

Cinny Poppen. a 
member of 
Highland Avenue 
Church of the 
Brethren in Elgin, 
III., took part in a 
demonstration pro- 
testing the expul- 
sion of 41 7 Pales- 
tinians from Israel 
and the Occupied 

role of our churches. 5) Organize an ecumenical urban volunteer 
corps. 6) Use the churches as forums for public policy education, 
discussion, and citizen action. 7) Continue our educational work and 
social witness to eliminate racism. 

A statement condemning the January bombings of Iraq 
was released by the general secretary of the National Council of 
Churches. The statement, signed by Donald Miller, Church of the 
Brethren general secretary, said in part, "Is it not time for the interna- 
tional community to devote its resources to the means of conflict 
resolution rather than the accumulation of weapons of destruction?" 

Just prior to the inauguration of President Clinton, US fighter 
pilots bombed missile sites in the southern no-fly zone of Iraq and 4i 
Tomahawk Cruise missiles targeted a building just south of Baghdac 
The NCC statement concluded, "We pray that human suffering as a 
result of the bombing will be minimal, and that the good offices of th 
United Nations will be employed in arriving at a peaceful and just re: 
olution of the current impasse. . . . With our colleagues in the Middle 
East Council of Churches, we pledge ourselves to the search for a ji 
and comprehensive peace in the Middle East." 

Brethren Benefit Trust begins 
prescription drug program 

Beginning next month. Brethren Benefit 
Trust will implement a prescription drug 
program through Walgreens and 
REST.AT. a retail/mail order system. 

TTie BBT board has reached an agree- 
ment that will eliminate much of the 
current paperwork. Members no longer 
will be required to file claims for pre- 
scription drugs. 

"A lot of our members are doing mail 
order already." said Joel Thompson, di- 
rector of benefits. "The difference is we 
now have a negotiated price with Wal- 
greens." Beginning in January 1994, 
each member will have two deductibles: 
the current medical deductible, and a S25 

prescription drug deductible. 

The Walgreens and RESTAT net- 
works include nearly 37,000 pharmacies. 
The system allows the patient's share of 
costs to be paid at the time of purchase. 
eliminating the need for claim forms. 
Another advantage is the ability to re- 
ceive a three-month supply versus the 
normal prescription of 30 days. 

BBT has sent its members a list of 
pharmacies on the networks. Members 
may call RESTAT at (800) 248-1062 to 
determine if a pharmacist is on the plan. 

In other action taken at its November 
board meeting, BBT expanded medical 
plan coverage to include in vitro fertili- 
zation and artificial insemination for 
married couples, and medical benefits for 
the newborns of dependent children. 

Evangel 21 ends publication 
with spring 1993 issue 

Evaiiiicl 21 . a quarterly publication fo- 
cused on the concerns of evangelicals i 
the Church of the Brethren, is ceasing 
publication with its spring 1993 issue. 

One of the reasons editor Terry Hat- 
field gave for discontinuing the public; 
tion was "in part, the mission oi Eraiv. 
2/ to mainstream evangelism in the 
Church of the Brethren has been accor 

Through an agreement with the Ger 
eral Board, Evangel 21 subscribers ha' 
been given an equivalent amount of tii 
with subscriptions to MESSENGER. Wh 
it decided to cease publication, Evangi 
21 had 762 paid subscriptions. i 

10 Messenger March 1993 

How shall we educate our children? 

A new US president's call for improvement in our public 
schools goes hand in hand with a call for Brethren to work for 
educational excellence for our children and youth and respect 

for the people who are called to serve through teaching. 

y Lois Snyder 

"Papa, muss ich in die Schiile 
gehen^" ("Daddy, do I have to go 
to school?"') 

"Wanwi willsi dii nicht. mein 
Kind'?" ("Why don't you want to. 
my child?") 

"Ich verslehe die 
Leherin nicht." ("I don't 
understand the teacher.") 

"Papa, tengo que ir a 
la escuela hoy?" 
("Daddy, do I have to go 
to school today?") 
"Por que. ihijito?" 
("Why. my dearest son?") 
"Porque professora no 
me comprende ." ("Be- 
cause the teacher doesn't 
understand me.") 

lie first dialog might have 
<en place in 1750 between 
r Germanic Brethren fore- 
iiirs and their children, and 
Ij second today in many US 
;,es. Bilingual education 
li been a current topic for 

3 years. In 1856. Henry 

rtz, editor of the Monthly 
: spel Visitor, (forerunner 
ifoday's Messenger) 
lommended bilingual 

ichers for those children 
:''o spoke German or 
■tnch (June 1856. pages 


brethren always have been interested 

he basic education of their children 

i have supported the public schools. In 
jl pre-Revolutionary War period they 
Uticipated actively in the formation of 
111 common schools, although they may 

'e shunned other worldly institutions. 

\ubum Boyers, in his unpublished 

Doctor of Education dissertation, states: 
"The struggle of the Brethren 
with the external forces was one of 
paradox, for while they sought 
generally to avoid involvement 
with the external world, one of the 
external world's primary institu- 

Children from a Plymouth. Ind.. school are fascinated with a 

taste test they are conducting in connection with their 

relationship to a local fruit juice plant. Their facial expressions 

suggest how the education of children can he enhanced through 

creative encounters with the world around them. 

tions — the public school — was 
quite readily accepted by the 
Brethren. . . . The public schools 
came to be accepted earlier and 
with less traumatic repercussion 
than did any other area of educa- 
tional transition experienced 
by the Brethren." 
In a 1855 issue of the Monthly Gospel 

Visitor, an anonymous writer styled 
"Rufus" desires to give children "... a 
good common school education, so that 
they may be able to read, understand, 
and judge for themselves, between right 
and wrong." 
The following year, editor Kurtz gave 
his rationale for the support 
of public education: 

"Our common public 
school system is a noble 
institution. The state thus 
provides for the education 
of all of our youth. Chil- 
dren of the poor as well as 
the rich enjoy its privi- 
leges without expense to 
their parents, excepting 
for books. The common 
school is free for children 
(at least of white color) 
whether their parents are 
native citizens, or 
emigrants from foreign 
countries, and children, 
whose native language is 
English, can obtain there 
an education sufficient 
for all" (June 1856. pages 

In the 20th century. 
Brethren, through Annual 
Conference action, have 
continued their support of 
public education. After the 
appearance of Nation at Risk. 
the document prepared by the 
President's National Com- 
mission on Excellence in Education, the 
attention of the country focused on the 
problem of education. In 1986 a query 
came to Annual Conference from 
Plymouth, Ind., asking how ". . . mem- 
bers of the Church of the Brethren in our 
individual communities, and as a 
denomination, can work most effectively 
to ensure educational excellence for our 

March \W} Messenger 11 

children and youth, and to promote 
respect for persons who are called to 
ser\e God through teaching.'" 

Annual Conference accepted the query 
and passed it to the General Board which 
in turn referred it to Parish Ministries. 
A committee, under the leadership of 
William Robinson. President of Man- 
chester College, was appointed to study 
the problem. Its paper. "Education of the 
Public." was accepted by Annual 
Conference in 1989 and returned to 
Parish Ministries for implementation. 

.4 committee of educators — Dwayne 
Brubaker. McPherson. Kan.; Lowell 
Brubaker. La Verne. Calif.: Diane Eve- 
land. Plymouth. Ind.: Otherine Moore 
and Lois Snyder (chair) Chicago. 111. — 
was selected to assist in carrying out the 
recommendations of the paper. In order 
to increase circulation, the committee 
asked that the paper be reprinted with a 
study guide it had prepared. This study 
guide, with the paper "Education of the 
Public," was included in the October 
1992 Source packet mailed from the 
interpretation office in Elgin, 111. and 
sent to every Brethren pastor. 

TTie paper calls on Brethren to 
continue their historic support of public 
education even though it is bombarded 
by problems. These problems are listed: 

• Our public schools are stretching 
their existing resources to provide 
accessibility to children of all abilities 
and handicaps. 

• "White flight" following court- 

Jean Williams and Gloria Williams (second left and center) direct Chicago Firsts 
Church of the Brethren's tutoring program. Children shown here receiving help 
are Joseph Esther. LaToya Stojfer. and LaToya Jones. 

Chicago First tutors children 

Located in the heart of the West Side Chicago community. First Church of the 
Brethren cooperates with Leif Erikson School, a block away. Gloria Williams, a 
member of the congregation's witness commission and minister for outreach, 
along with several other members, serves on the local school council. Once a 
month the council holds its meeting at the church, and teacher-training events 
are held there as well. 

Church member Janie Wilkerson, presently a teacher's aide at Erikson, 
recalls with satisfaction her time on the council. To see a problem, find a 
solution, and implement it gives the kind of local control that is important 
in a large city system. 

Using the church's leaming and resource center under the direction of the 
witness commission, members and parents work with their children. 80 percent 
of whom attend Erikson School, in a weekly tutoring program. In this "power 
hour" and all week long, education is valued, achievement is recognized, and 
students are encouraged to excel. 

Plymouth children tour plants 

As chairwoman of the school-business partnership committee, Diane Eveland. a 
member of the Education of the Public Committee, and a member of Plymouth 
(Ind.) Church of the Brethren, works with representatives from her school and 
Citrus Hill Manufacturing Company. The committee finds ways each can help 
the other. Plant employees have given slide shows to various classes, explaining 
their business, and have taught the fifth-graders how to interview for a job. They 
have stressed the importance of math and reading in industry. 

Small groups of children have tours of the plant. Children have assisted with 
taste tests and are experimenting with ways to recycle juice containers (see 
photo, page 1 1 ). Students write letters to the company and draw pictures to 
decorate the employees lounge. 

Both groups benefit from the public relations as each learns about the work 
of the other. 

ordered desegregation created many 

• Student protests altered authority 

• Substance abuse has a ruinous effi 
on youth. 

• Relatively low pay and difficult 
working conditions make it hard to 
attract persons to the teaching profes- 

• Competition for tax dollars make: 
maintenance, modernization, and 
keeping up with technology difficult. 

• Responding to challenges from 
various employee, community, and 
legislative groups diverts energy fron- 
the primary purpose of education. 

1 2 Messenger March 1 99.3 

• Disruption of the traditional family 
upport system undermines children's 
ecurity and emotional well-being. 

• Homelessness and poverty are 

• Electronic media encourages 
iolence and consumerism. 

• Power competition among profes- 
onals within the schools is destructive. 

• The number of students pursuing 
ollege degrees has declined dramati- 

The "Education of the Public" docu- 
lent makes suggestions for the support 
f public education on the denomina- 
onal, congregational, and community 
:vels. as well as suggestions for parents 
nd other church members. There are 
ositive actions you can take: 

• Organize a group in your congrega- 
on to study the 1989 paper "Education 
f the Public." 

• Be informed on current local and 
ational education issues, vote for 
licellence, and support tax reforms. 

• Join the parents-teacher organiza- 
on, attend meetings, and lend support 
) its efforts. 

• Attend board of education meetings, 
isit the schools, become classroom 
olunteers, or baby-sit for someone who 

• Serve on the school board and join a 
:hool advisory committee (even if your 
lildren are through the system). 

• Invite local administrators to speak 
) your congregation or simply join in 
orship and fellowship with you. 

• Let them know you care about them 
id about education. 

• Contact your local, state, or national 
;presentatives and senators to tell them 

ji give education top priority. 
A survey that the committee prepared 
nd circulated among Brethren educators 
1 1992 indicates that the problems 
icing education five years ago have 
itensified today. 

The survey showed overwhelming 
;lief that many of the problems of 
iucation today — lack of discipline, lack 
F respect for teachers, lack of interest in 
id support for the schools — stem from 
le breakdown of the family. The 
luclear family" (biological mother and 

father, and one or two children) is fast 
becoming rare. Administrators are 
warned that by the year 2000 one out of 
every two children will be in a one- 
parent family at some time before 
finishing school. A Chicago Tribune 
article quoting from Life Without Father: 
America's Greatest Social Catastrophe, 
by Nicholas Davidson, says, "Studies 
suggest that the decline in American 
educational performance over the past 
generation — especially in science and 
math — may have more to do with the 
quality of families than with the quality 
of schools" (January 14, 1990). 

Add to this the Census Bureau statistic 
that in 1992 one out of every five US 
children, or 21.8 percent, lived at or 

below the poverty line. One out of 
every three children experiences poverty 
for at least one year during childhood, 
some much longer. So when many 
children arrive at school, they are 
hungry, frustrated by physical and 
emotional inadequacies, and unreceptive 
to learning. 

Schools are expected to feed, some- 
times clothe, show caring for, give 
protection to, and counsel children. Paul 
Nye, principal of a 260-student, kinder- 
garten-through-8th-grade school in a 
small rural community in northern 
Indiana, says, "Schools can only do so 
much. Every social program that comes 
along is dumped in the school's lap. The 
latest is an AIDS education program that 

Earl Traughher (right) provides counseling for Fruitland. Idaho, high school 
students. He is shown here with principal Mike Knee and student Rita Orr. 

Fruitland pastors do counseling 

Fruitland, Idaho, a town of 2,500 with a consolidated school district of about 
1,000 students, was inadequately staffed with counselors. The high school had a 
guidance counselor, but three or four districts shared one counselor. Earl 
Traughber, Brethren pastor and a General Board member, and four other pastors 
offered to help fill the gap. They presented their counseling resumes to the school 
board, and the project was approved. Rules were drawn up. with the pastors 
agreeing to do no religious counseling or proselytizing. 

The school nurse works with the pastors to refer students. Earl counsels 
three or four students and four or five families a year. Recently a teacher was 
killed in an automobile accident, and the coun.seling team was asked to talk with 
teachers as well as students. 

Other Fruitland Church of the Brethren members are active in the schools. 
Four are teachers and the church treasurer serves on the board of education. 

March IW.^ Mcssenaer 13 

Public Education 


Critical issues 

In the survey, respondents ranked the 
issues they regarded as most critical. 
For example. 236 respondents checked 
"family breakdown" as the most critical 
issue (first chart), while J 16 checked 
"family breakdown" as the second-most 
critical issue I second chart). 






^,ee ve^*^' . 




Ked number two: 



; Adequate tundmg- 73 

^■^rt^^'^'"^^ ■■-•^^;; 

There are lots of Brethren educators 

Brethren educators see five issues as the most critical ones facing public educa- 
tion today — family condition, adequate funding, excellence versus mediocrity, 
value-free versus moral education, and drugs and alcohol. A survey completed by 
542 Brethren educators throughout the United States in the summer and fall of 
1992 produced this conclusion. Respondents to the survey were members of 
Brethren congregations in districts from Atlantic Northeast to Pacific Southwest 
and from Washington to Florida. The survey was conducted by the Education of 
the Public Committee, which was formed through action taken by the 1989 
Annual Conference. 

All Brethren colleges have strong education departments and provide well- 
trained, outstanding educators for the public schools in the areas they serve. 
Partly because of this, it long has been assumed that members of the Church of 
the Brethren are employed in public education out of proportion to their num- 
bers. The results of this survey seem to substantiate that assumption. In fact, one 
respondent from a moderate-sized congregation estimated that 40 percent of 
the employed members of that congregation were employed in the field of 

Of the 542 respondents to the survey, 452 reported that they are or had 
been school teachers. Over 70 percent of the respondents were women, 
which is a fairly typical rate for the gender ratio for employees in public 
education. Ten respondents were or had been public school superinten- 
dents. Thirty-seven were or had been principals or assistant principals of 
schools. Twenty-nine were school counselors or psychologists. Approxi- 
mately 85 Brethren reported that they were active as support personnel 
in public schools as bus drivers, food-service workers, para-professiona 
aides, custodians, or volunteers. 

The committee was pleased with the response to the survey. (For 
a copy of the suney results, contact Parish Ministries. 1451 Dundee 
Ave.. Elgin. IL 60120: tel. 800-323-8039.) Even though responses 
came from an excellent sampling of Brethren congregations in nearly all districts 
throughout the denomination, many congregations did not respond. Twenty or 
more members responded from each of several congregations, but only one or 
two members responded from numerous congregations. Thus, we know that 
there are hundreds more Brethren, beyond the survey respondents, who are 
actively involved in all areas of public education. This large group of educator? 
provides a great opportunity to offer leadership in resolving the critical issues 
facing US public education. — DWAYNE Brubaker 



'• i'Tiiied management ; , 

9. Site-baseu ..stem 

\Q Compen'-atej^^^' . 

. Teacher/student saje^y, 





Dwayne Bnihaker. a member of Momlor Church oflhe Brethren, near McPherson. Kan.. 
retired from a 35-year career a.s an educator in the Los Angeles. Calif., school system.. 

. .• three- ?,o 

^^""Tncevev^-^"^' ......10 

E-'^^^^^t^undt^^ •••• ■ ^0 

- Vam^ -,._, versus 1^" 




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1 4 Messenger March 1 99.1 








goes down to the first grade." 

Nye states further that of his 20 yea 
in school administration, 1992 was hi 
most difficult. Two eighth-grade girls 
overdosed on drugs in school (one fro 
respected Christian family), a handgu 
was confiscated, a teacher's new car v 
vandalized to two-thirds its value, anc 
fight between two second-grade boys 
resulted in one being hospitalized. Th 
events occurred in the "Bible Belt," ir' 
stable farming community. 

In a middle-class suburb where I 
taught, the mother of elementary schc 
children was caught selling drugs to t 

choolmates of her children for money to 
edecorate her home. 

The problems no longer are just in 
rhicago. New York, or Los Angeles, but 
n almost every city and town in the 
lation. "Their" problem has become 
our" problem. The church, also, must 
ome to grips with the serious implica- 
ion of broken and dysfunctional families 
vithin it and without. 

Even though we may live in a quiet 
uburban or farm community, the 
roblem is ours. The education of all 
hildren is everyone's problem. Children 
990: A Report Card. Briefing Book, 
nd Action Primer states succinctly: 
"Only 2 of 10 new work-force 
entrants in the 1990s will be white 
males bom in the United States. 
If we are to compete effectively in 
the world economy, we need 
minority and poor youngsters to 
produce, rather than become 
dependent on us or shoot at us. 
Those who do not want to invest in 
black or brown or poor children 
must remember this" (Children's 

Defense Fund, page 5). 

The article continues to point out that 
all children and youth of every economic 
and racial group are adrift and in 

One basic problem common to most 
communities is financing. Our system of 
funding the public schools is inadequate 
and unequal. The present reliance on 
property taxes and the local use of those 
taxes, according to John Coons, as 
quoted by Jonathan Kozol. in .Savai^e 
Inecjiialities (page 207). " ". . . have 
combined to make the public school into 
an educator for the educated rich and a 
keeper for the uneducated poor.' 

Xor example, in the New York City area 
in 1989-90, in the exclusive Great Neck 
District. $15,594 was spent on each child 
while $7,299 was spent on each child in 
New York City. That same year Chicago 
spent $5,265 as an average for all grades. 
(Savage Inequalities, pages 236-237.) 
Do you know how much is spent to 
educate each child in your community? 

Dedicated teachers in Pomona 

Many churches have teachers putting their faith into practice as they work to 
better the field of public education in California. Pomona Fellowship Church of 
the Brethren has a large number of them also. 

Myma Wheeler, a member of Pomona Fellowship and the current moderator 
of Pacific Southwest District, has served for over 20 years in the position of 
coordinator and teacher of the Pregnant Minor Program through the Covina 
Valley Unified School District. In this program, she works in a classroom setting 
with pregnant young women, most of whom are in their early teens. Each student 
develops a contract to allow her to finish her high school curriculum and comes 
daily to Myma's classroom to work toward the completion of her contract. The 
teacher-student relationship not only prepares the young women for the working 
world, but also gives them solid grounding in the responsibilities of parenthood 
and responsible citizenship. 

Larry Deal has been a high school counselor at Ganesha High School, in 
Pomona, for over 25 years. His students represent many cultures, among them 
Latino, African-American. Asian, and Caucasian. His example has inspired 
many of his students, and the support he has given to his counselees has prepared 
them for productive lives of service. 

Richard Hart, director of classified personnel at Azusa Unified School 
District, has worked in the Azusa districts for nearly 30 years. The majority of 
the students in his district are of Latino descent. With them, Richard has worked 
as a coach, teacher, high school principal, and as a part of the district office 
personnel, making a positive difference for his students. His commitment is 
recognized by his students; they know he cares. 

What should we do with the public 
schools? They are a reflection of our 
society. If we desert them, we are 
washing our hands of society as a whole. 
Christians must work with the schools, 
not to gain total control, but to walk with 
them — to raise the low morale of the 
teachers, to support principals who are 
striving to meet student, faculty, and 
community needs, to demonstrate to 
troubled children through Christian 
teachers the love of God. For some 
children, the most stable and caring part 
of their day is spent in the public school. 
This is true on all economic levels. 

We must let our legislators know that 
education should receive top priority in 
our society. We must pay top dollars to 
teachers so that the best of our bright 
youth will be attracted to education 
instead of business. 

We must join hands with the school 
and local agencies to provide some 
assistance to children and their parents 
within and without our churches. The 
"Education of the Public" paper suggests 
that we sponsor family-life programs that 
deal with child-rearing, home life, and 
the role of parents in supporting their 
children in school. We should provide 
child-care services for parents who are 
volunteering in the schools, attending 
meetings, or serving on committees. 
Family life and parenting must be a 
priority for both church and school. 

In every city and town across our 
nation the challenge for public education 
is enormous — to provide an excellent 
education for all children. Let us be true 
to our heritage as well r— - 

as to our youth. '^' 

There are many putilic education 
worker.s in the Church of the Brethren. 
The challeufie we face in fireat. hut we 
can .support one another. The committee 
is plannlni^ an insiglu session for .Aniuial 
Conference in 1993. and a one-day 
forum on .lune 28. 1994. titled "Crises in 
Public Education and the Church." in 
Wichita. Kan. 

Lois Snyder, chairwoman of the Education of 
the Public Comniincc. i.s a nicnilwr of Chicago {III. } 
First Church of the Brethren. .4 retired public 
school teacher, she is a member of the hoard of the 
Association of Brethren Caref;ivers. 

March 199.1 Messenger 15 



Sister churches: 

Transcending cultural barriers 

Achieving a sense of intimacy and personal contact between 

US Brethren and Latin American congregations was the goal 

when the 'sister churches' program began three years ago. 

by Suellen Shively 

"But with you, we feel as if we are more 
than heimanos (brothers and sisters). 
Spiritually, we are one single family of 
one Father, of all colors. All are impor- 
tant to God," said Salome Ascencio 
Hernandez, a community leader in 
Valle Nuevo, El Salvador, following a 
visit to his sister church, Reba Place, in 
Evanslon, III. "After our visit, we feel a 
lot of international solidarity. We've 
been strengthened with new hope." 

"I feel a very deep kinship with the 
people I've learned to know at our sister 
church in El Salvador," says David 
Rogers, chairman of the Parish-to-Parish 
committee at Manchester Church of the 
Brethren, in North Manchester, Ind. 
"When I think of my co-workers in the 
Christian faith, I think of Emmanuel 

This sense of intimacy and personal 
contact was what 'Vvonne Dilling, 
denominational staff for Latin America 
and the Caribbean, hoped to foster when 
she began arranging relationships 
between churches in Latin America and 
US Church of the Brethren congrega- 
tions three years ago. 

"A decade or two ago. Brethren 

16 Messenger March 199.^ 

realized that we were impeding church 
development in other countries by 
sending life-time missionaries to provide 
leadership," explains Yvonne, "so we 
embarked on indigenization, but we 
didn't always succeed at maintaining 
intimate relationships with other 
churches without that contact with the 

She goes on to say, "I believe that in 
most of our congregations where there's 
a desire to send a missionary, it's really a 
desire to have personal, intimate contact 
with God's work in another country, and 
we need to develop other ways of 
achieving that." 


.er original plan was to begin by 
encouraging ways to develop personal 
relationships between sister churches, 
and then move on to joint work projects 
held in both the US and the partner 
country. Working on projects together 
maintains a sense of equality and 
mutuality in the relationship. 

"With all our work toward Christian 
unity, what we haven't successfully 
developed is a feeling of family with 
churches around the world," says 
Yvonne. "It's very difficult to prevent 

distance, culture, and race from build 
up walls." 

The sister church program is still a 
pilot project for the Latin America of 
of the Church of the Brethren, but fiv 
official partnerships already have bee 
established with congregations in El 
Salvador and Nicaragua. 

Westminster (Md.), Beacon Height 
in Fort Wayne, Ind.; and Huntington 
(Ind.) have been paired respectively \ 
the first, second, and sixth churches ( 
the Mision Cristiana church in Nicar 
gua. Manchester's sister church is Lc 
Iglesia Bautista Imanuel (or Emmani 
Baptist church) in San Salvador, El 
Salvador. Reba Place Church uses 
the term "companion community" to 
describe its relationship with the corr 
munity and church of Valle Nuevo ir 
El Salvador. 

In most of the US churches, the idt^ 
of a sister church relationship began 
members of the congregation who ha 
had personal experiences in Central 

"My own motivation to have a sisti 
church at Westminster grew out of 
experiences I had in Mexico and Cei 
America," says Fran Nyce, a membe 
of Westminster and former chairwor t 

f the sister church committee there. 
When I heard about the sister church 
iea from someone here in the Baltimore 
rea. I latched onto that as a way to act 
n the concerns I had about Central 
merican issues." 

Forming a relationship with a congre- 
ation in another culture was one of 
eacon Heights' goals for the 1990s. 
Several of our members had traveled to 
icaragua. so it was natural for us to 
ek a sister church there." explains 
linister of nurture Don Jordan. "We've 
so sponsored several refugees from 
entral America, so the issues there had 
ready been brought to the foreground 
ir us." 

David Rogers first learned of sister 
lurches when he traveled to El Salva- 
)r in 1987 and saw the model in use 
ere by the Roman Catholic church. "In 
^89. Yvonne Dilling and I went to El 
ilvador with a group led by Jennifer 
asolo, and that's when 1 got to know 
; e Emmanuel Baptist church." says 
avid. Manchester and Emmanuel 
aptist agreed to become sister churches 
[fiortly thereafter. 
Huntington recently became a sister 
iiurch. Its witness commission had 
ready begun discussing the possibility 
hen Adonis Nino, the president of 
(iision Cristiana. visited the congrega- 
)n prior to attending Young Adult 
.onference in 1991. '"I had visited 
j icaragua a few times, and we have 
I veral Spanish speakers in the congre- 
ition. so a church in Nicaragua seemed 
ce a good match for us." says pastor 
im Yaussy Albright. "It also helped to 
ive Adonis visit." 

Reba Place church has a history of 
ophetic ministry on Central American 
sues. For nine years, the congregation 
lonsored the Overground Railroad, a 
entral American refugee resettlement 
ogram. Program director David Janzen 
3iLplains that the Overground Railroad 
is developed into South-North Partners, 
program that will continue the ministry 
I, ith a community of refugees that have 
cently returned to El Salvador from 

"South-North was started more by the 
tentional community here at Reba 

Place, but now the church is involved as 
well." says David. "We believe that this 
is the form that mission work needs to 
take in the '90s — to be partners and in 
solidarity with each other. Our own 
experience of community here has made 
us very eager to be involved with Valle 
Nuevo. since it's also an intentional 

A few committed people in each 
congregation are needed to facilitate a 
successful sister church relationship, but 
members of all five Brethren churches 
believe that personal visits between the 
congregations are the essential compo- 
nent in creating interest among church 
members and cementing the sister 

"Right before Westminster voted to 
become a sister church, four members of 
the Mision Cristiana church visited us 
after attending the 1990 National Youth 
Conference." says Fran. "The West- 
minster members got acquainted with 
them and learned to love them." 

Tita Gdhcz and 
Ani>iisto Cotro. of El 
Salvador's Iglesia 
Bautista Imanuel, 
chat with members 
of Manchester 
Church of the 
Brethren. The 
Salvadoruns' 1991 
visit to the North 
Manchester. Ind.. 
effectively got the 
relationship going. 

According to Jane Hunn, former 
chairwoman of Manchester's Parish-to- 
Parish committee, the visits from 
Emmanuel Baptist of Carlos Avalos, in 
1990, and Tita Galvez and Augusto 
Cotto, in 1991. were instrumental in 
involving the entire congregation in the 
sister relationship. "It was hard to foster 
awareness in the congregation until we 
actually had some visitors from El 
Salvador." she says. 

Manchester co-pastor Susan Boyer 
agrees. "The visit of Augusto and Tita 
was the most effective thing we've done 

to get the relationship going. They were 
part of worship and met with church 
members from morning until night 
during the five days they were here," 
says Susan. 

Several of the US churches also have 
sent visitors to their sister church. "For 
me, putting names and faces to all the 
things we hear in the news has made it 
so much more real," says Sylvia Rover 
Taussig, a member of the sister church 
committee at Beacon Heights Church of 
the Brethren, in Fort Wayne. Ind. "Visit- 
ing our partner in Nicaragua puts a 
personal slant on it." 

Christy Jo Waltersdorff, minister for 
Christian nurture for Westminster, re- 
cently visited its sister church with three 
other Westminster members (see sidebar, 
page 18). "When we came back and 
showed slides of our visit, the congre- 
gation was very affirming. We're at the 
point of reevaluating our relationship 
after three years, and the congregation 
definitely wants it to continue," says 

Christy. "The visits we've had back and 
forth have made all the difference in the 

Reba Place has sent several members 
to visit Valle Nuevo and provide their 
professional skills there. Dentist Wendell 
Sprague spent one month training assist- 
ant dentists and improving the dental 
care program in Valle Nuevo. Charles 
Kwon went to Valle Nuevo for a week 
last October to serve as a community and 
economic development consultant (see 
photo, page 19). 

"I enjoyed being able to make tortillas 

March 1993 Messenger 17 

Finding family in Managua 

The children immediately catch your attention as you enter First Church of 
Mision Cristiana — children of all ages, children large and small, decked out in 
their finest clothing. They laugh, run, sing, and otherwise vie for the attention of 
the North American visitors. Their warm smiles and welcoming hugs are 
irresistible. These are children of poverty, who worship God with the same 
convictions their parents demonstrate. 

The purpose of this visit from Westminster (Md.) Church of the Brethren 
to First Church in Managua. Nicaragua, primarily was to pay a social call. What 
better way to understand one"s sisters and brothers than to live with them for 
10 days, to experience their reality, to stand side by side with them in their 

Nicaragua is a country experiencing economic disaster. Unemployment tops 
60 percent. TTiere no longer is a middle class in the social structure, only the very 
rich and the poor. .\ sense of despair pervades the lives of many Nicaraguans. 
But in the churches of Mision Cristiana there is a spirit of hope. A community of 
dedicated Christians reaches out to those in need around them — drug addicts, 
prisoners, the hospitalized, and the elderly. Sisters and brothers in the Lord greet 
one another with the words "Dios le Bendiga" (God bless you). 

In Managua, the Westminster Brethren found family. They found people 
who took them into their homes and offered them the best they possibly could 
give. People sacrificed for weeks so that they could provide for the needs of their 
North American guests. 

Although the Christians of Mision Cristiana are trapped in a web of eco- 
nomic poverty, they possess remarkable spiritual wealth. Christians in North 
America can learn a lot from these Christians in Central America. They can 
leam about priorities, about commitment to Christ and to the church, about 
u orshiping a God who stands with the oppressed of the world. As the Christians 
of Managua worshiped in Spanish and the Christians of Maryland worshiped in 
English, they found that language did not separate them. Christ is always present 
to break down barriers. Dios le Bendiga! — CHRISTY J. Waltersdorff 

Christy J. Wailersdorjfis minislerfor Christian nurture in Westminster (Md.) Clxunh of the 

US visitors Christy Waltersdorff (second from left). Jan Flora, and Krista Carter 
(together at right) experienced Nicaragnan hospitality in a Mision Cristiana 
home. The congregation' s co-pastor. Rogelio Morales, sits at the left. 

with my Salvadoran hosts and really ge 
into the life of the people of Valle 
Nuevo." says Charles. "Being there 
impacted me in a big way — I think a Ic 
of people are changed when they go 
down there. It made me realize that we 
are all exactly the same once we get 
beyond the cultural differences. We're 
brothers and sisters." 

Gaining an understanding of anothe:; 
culture is a key element in sister churc 
relationships. "Between cultures, there 
is alienation and a big barrier to fellow 
ship," says David Janzen. "Whenever 
we can come together and see that 
barrier broken, an outpouring of God's 
love is felt." 

Many cite learning about another 
country and culture as one of the great 
benefits of their sister church relation- 
ship. "We've really tried to work at 
education at Westminster," says Fran 
Nyce. "We've had a special series of 
Sunday school classes on Nicaragua be 
for children and adults. Some member 
also have participated in Spanish class 
at the church." 

She says, "This relationship has real 
helped to sensitize us to the realities o: 
life in Nicaragua and all that was 
happening there, some of which was a 
result of actions of the US govemmeni 
Now when we talk to our representati\ 
in Congress about releasing the mone} 
that the US promised to the Violeta 
Chamorro government, for example, i 
from a different perspective." I 

The Manchester congregation also !'; 
learned from its sister church relation 
ship. "It's made us aware of what's i 
going on with another church and ho\ 
the events in that country affect the 
church," says Susan Boyer. "We knov 
firsthand that we have brothers and 
sisters in Christ in other countries whi 
are working very hard for peace and 
justice and calling us to do the same.' 

According to Sylvia Royer Taussig; 
having a sister church "has given a lo 
people at Beacon Heights who haven' 
traveled overseas a better global unde 
standing and knowledge of people. It' 
increased our awareness of communij 
tion barriers, too, since a lot of the 
Nicaraguans speak English more flue 

18 Messenger March 1993 

an we speak Spanish."" Don Jordan 

ids tiiat about a dozen members of tlie 

,)ngregation liave enrolled in Spanishi 
ijasses in order to better communicate 

ith their sister church. 
1 1 David Rogers has been impressed by 
vje strength of the faith of the members 

f Emmanuel Baptist. ■■It"s really 
i [creased our awareness of ^A'hat other 
ifiristians go through and taught us 
pjiout genuine faithfulness and commit- 
;iient,"" he says. "'The members of 

!nmanuel Baptist have worshiped and 
:'rved under a bit of a threat, because the 

jivemment saw the church as an enemy. 
:'|iey"ve taught me. at least, that I have a 
of growing to do in my faith."" 


embers of Reba Place also recog- 
'e the strong faith of their sister 
lurch. "Getting to know our companion 
immunity has made life in a third 
orld country real for the people at 
I'ba."" says David Janzen. "The people 
Valle Nuevo are so rich in community 
d faith — that"s what God has given 
ij' ;in to survive through war, exile, and 
ij( rsecution. They have resources of faith 

It we don't even know about and can 
jitim from them."" 

Christianity can transcend the barriers 
iJ language and culture, says Christy 

Tim Crouse {left} and 
Charles Kwon (right) 
check out a 306-acre 
plot of farm land with 
two officials of Valle 
Nuevo community, in 
El Salvador. Rcha 
Place (Charles Kwon' s 
congregation) raised 
$34,000 for a down 
payment on the land, 
which will belong to 
Valle Nuevo. Tim 
Crouse works for 
Companion Commu- 
nity Development 
Alternatives. He is a 
member of Community 
Church of the Breth- 
ren. Orlando. Flo. 

Waltersdorff. "Just to have friends in 
another country is an invaluable experi- 
ence,"" she adds. "Christians are Chris- 
tians, no matter where we are. We all 
read out of the same Bible and worship 
the same God. We all have the same 
basic human needs."" 

Yvonne Dilling believes that much can 
be learned from the different theological 
foundations of a sister church. "Intimate 
contact with the Pentecostal traditions in 
the Mision Cristiana, for example, 
encourages us to examine our beliefs 
regarding spirituality and the priesthood 
of all believers,'" she says. 

There is often a desire to send money 
or gifts to the sister church in Central 
America, but Brethren who have worked 
with sister churches are quick to point 
out that while the US church is at times 
in a position economically to be able to 
help its Central American sister, that 
isn"t the main purpose of the relation- 
ship. "It"s important to look at what you 
have to offer a sister church besides 
money, because the relationship is really 
a spiritual tie and being together in 
Christian unity,"" says David Rogers. 

Reba Place also has struggled with the 
economic disparity between itself and its 
companion community, says David 
Janzen. "It's the traditional struggle be- 
tween the 'haves' and the 'have nots," " 

he adds. "It's important to remember 
that these are our brothers and sisters in 
Christ — not just the poor. They are our 

The congregations involved strongly 
recommend sister church relationships to 
other churches. "Those of us working 
with South-North Partners believe that 
every church should be challenged to 
form a partnership with a group in a 
developing country," says David Janzen. 
"It's really helped to motivate us to the 
kind of simple living called for by the 
gospel. When we visit "Valle Nuevo, the 
people there say that it just means so 
much to them to have someone come and 
share in their reality." 

After visiting his companions at Reba 
Place, Salome Ascencio Hernandez said. 
"The churches and people from North 
America give us strength. Today we are 
at the door of peace in El Salvador. We 
need many people to walk with us in this 
difficult time." 

In a sister church relationship, both 
partners have unique gifts to exchange. 
"Churches in other countries have 
tremendous gifts we can receive in a 
sister church relationship," says David 
Rogers. "We've gained so much more 
than we've given." 

Yvonne Dilling isn't sure what the 
next step will be after the first three years 
of sister church relationships, but the 
positive responses from both sides of the 
relationships have encouraged her to 
continue the program. "I'm not ready to 
extend sister churches to the Dominican 
Republic or Brazil yet, however,"' says 
Yvonne, "because there needs to be a 
mutually strong identity in the congrega- 
tions involved." 

She adds. "The concept of sister 
churches is still in the developmental 
stages for us. We need to assess the 
blessings and weaknesses, and we espe- 
cially need to evaluate whether we are 
succeeding in building healthy relation- 
ships across borders — relationships that 
build up the body of Christ and it 


Siiellfii Shively complclcd a 16-month term of 
Brethren \ olunieer Service (B\ S) with Mi:sSKNCER 
in Deeemher. She has begun another B\ S tour of 
service with Community Crisis Center, in Elgin. III. 

March 149.i Messenccr19 

Light from 

a cave: 


Dead Sea 


Whether to 

understand the 

context in which the 

Old Testament was 

written or to study 

the faith of early 

Christians, scholars 

have to go outside 

the Bible to find 

their sources. 

from the 

The faith 
of early 


20 Messenger March 1993 

by Roger Kahle 

As a young Bedouin scaled a cliff on the 
northwestern shore of the Dead Sea to 
gather his goat herd late one afternoon in 
the winter of 1946-47, he saw two 
openings in the rocks. Jum'a Muham- 
med chucked a rock into one of the 
openings and heard the crack of pottery 
shattering. He called to his two cousins, 
who also were tending the herd, and told 
them of his discovery — a cave . . . 
perhaps with hidden treasure. 

Another day, one of the cousins, 
Muhanimed Ahmed el-Hanied. squeezed 
through the cave opening and, to his 
disappointment, found only pottery . . . 
and two bundles wrapped in cloth and 
one in leather, green with age. A second 
trip to what is now known as Qumran 
Cave 1 uncovered four more leather 

It was several years before these scrolls 
containing Isaiah, a commentary on 
Habakkuk and the Manual of Discipline 
found their way to biblical scholars. 
From 1952 to 1956, 10 other caves in 
the area yielded three to five full scrolls. 

by John D. Mummert 

The latest Yearbook of American and 
Canadian Churches lists 223 different 
denominations in the United States. 
There are denominations with which we 
are all familiar, such as the United 
Methodists and the Southern Baptists. 
But there are also groups such as the Fire 
Baptized Holiness Church, the Church of 
Daniel's Band, and the Church of God of 
the Mountain Assembly, Inc. 

If we were to examine the various 
groups in detail, and talk to their leaders, 
we would find a commonality: Each 
group would claim to be based upon the 
Bible. Yet, each of these 223 faith 
families would interpret the Bible in a 
somewhat different way. As the Church 
of the Brethren, we claim to be a New 
Testament church, yet we are different 
from other groups that make the same 
claim (such as the Assemblies of God or 

fragments of badly deteriorated scroll 
(some no bigger than a fingernail), 
pieces of pottery with inscriptions, an 
even a copper scroll with a "treasure 

In Cave 4 alone, 500 texts were foi 
none intact. Hershel Shanks, presidei 
of the Biblical Archaeology Society, 
described the find as "500 different 
jigsaw puzzles with 90 percent of the 
pieces missing." He might have adde 
that each puzzle was like a multiple- 
layered puzzle, since scrolls were wo 
layer upon layer. 

These documents written between 
BC and AD 68 are part of a library o 
800 texts now known as the Dead Se 
Scrolls. About 20 percent to 25 perce 
of these documents are biblical texts- 
at least something from e\'ery book o 
the Old Testament except Esther. Th 
rest are non-biblical materials, hymn' 
and psalms, Bible commentary, wisd 
literature, legal texts, pseudepigraph; 
(texts attributed to a biblical characte 
although not actually written by one) 
a letter, and a designation of hidden 

various fundamentalist Baptist group 
Is there a way to find out what the 
first Christians believed, and what th 
primitive church practiced regarding 
belief and faith? Alexander Mack Sr 
and the other earliest Brethren pione 
were very interested in emulating the 
primitive (earliest) Christian Church 
gaining much of their knowledge fro 
German Pietist theologian and histoi 
Gottfried Arnold (1666-1714). 


ISO, the Brethren, in their writin 
cited such authorities as Justin Mart; 
(c. lOO-c. 165), Iranaeus (c. 130-c. 
Clement of Alexandria (c. 150-c. 21 
Origen (c. 185-c. 254), Tertullian 
(c. 160-c. 220), and Jerome (c. 342- 
420). These men were studied prima 
for their views on baptism. 

Why can't we simply go back to tl 
Bible to understand early Christianii 


The main significance for Bible 
cholars was that there were now manu- 
cripts some 1 .000 years older than the 
Idest prior existing Old Testament 
laterials. Unlike the New Testament, 
/hich has thousands of variations from 
le scraps handed down, the surviving 
vidence for Old Testament rabbinic text 
idicated few variations. 

Although several intact scrolls were 
anslated and published in the 1950s, 
le majority of Dead Sea material, which 
,ieeded to be painstakingly reconstructed, 
as not available until 1991. Until then. 

small group of scholars vv ho had 
ivided up the publishing assignments 
antrolled access to the documents. To 
ate. about 500 of the 800 documents 
ave not been officially translated or 

This scholarly monopoly was broken 
y computers and public pressure. To 
isist in piecing together the fragments. 
:holars had made a concordance. When 
;iis was published, other researchers 
iing a computer could reconstruct some 
Fthe exclusively held texts. These 

constructions were published m Sep- 

Je can't, because the earliest Christians 
dn't have the New Testament. Some 
lurches may have had a letter or two. 
thers might have had a copy of one of 
le four Gospels. By about AD 200. the 

fjoks of the New Testament basically 
ere agreed upon, although there were 
aestions about James. 2 Peter. Hebrews, 
John. 3 John. Jude. and Revelation, 
he canon (content and order) of the 
ew Testament was not agreed upon 
irmally until the Third Council of 
arthage. held in AD 397. 
What did the early Christians believe 
)out the basic doctrines of the Christian 

;iith? First, the early Christians affirmed 
lat people were created in the image 
id the likeness of God. In their writing, 
ley often quoted Genesis 1:26-27. I 
lement, written by Clement, Bishop of 
ome between AD 92 and 101, wrote, 
\nd finally, with his holy and faultless 
mds he (God) fashioned man. his pre- 

aft'- » tc. » . i,tfie ■ , Pp 

~.- N«li vi. U.iV .»«». J^j, ^ 'J. _ ^ -J 


''^«-^t Mio«ir,ahatc-C»«. (T 
> > .it 

liirnii rtm IWMi IMK MiSMn xu. » ^ .' '>.•.» R. 
,>nirr rm n»A .r^Ai ■ a.u.X'ia.. 

xif >* u,h miv.DiiiAt .MwJ ^.^ »i<ij^i*'-' ■ 

■ 'rJtifti..MJtlf. •■-•'' '.^tbt"' ^' ' ■ ' 

The Dead Sea Scrolls were the most valuahle archaeoloi^ical discovery of modern 
times, as far as biblical scholarship is concerned. Shown here is the "Thanksi^ivini^ 
Scroll," wliich contains 40 Psalms-like hxnins. 

eminent and greatest work, the very im- 
press of his image." Clement of Alexan- 
dria wrote. "The view I take is. that he 
(Godt himself formed man of the dust, 
and regenerated him by water; and made 
him grow by his Spirit; and trained him 
by his word to adoption and salvation, 
directing him by the sacred precepts." 


.he second key point of doctrine taught 
by the early Christians was that God had 
a plan for redemption through the person 
of Jesus Christ. The early Christians saw 
the cross as central in redemption. But 
they also affirmed that the whole life of 
Jesus was redemptive. The incarnation 
was important as well. A key text for 
them was John 1;14; "The Word became 

Consider some of the early Christian 
writing on God's plan for salvation. The 
letter of Barnabas, possibly written by 

Paul's companion, and considered as 
scripture by Clement of Alexandria and 
others, tells us. "For to this end the Lord 
endured to deliver us his flesh to corrup- 
tion, that we might be sanctified through 
the remission of sins, which is effected 
by his blood of sprinkling." Clement 
wrote. "Let us look steadfastly to the 
blood of C hrist. and see how precious 
thai blood is to God. which, having been 
shed for our salvation, has set the grace 
of repentance before the whole v\ orld." 

The early church afflmied. thirdly, 
that the goal of Christians was to become 
like God in character. One was to be 
totally transformed by the power of 
God's Spirit and to live a life of disciple- 
ship and service. The Christian life was 
seen as a daily walk that a person took 
with God. Christianity was not seen as 
just a "decision." as it often is now. 
Rather, it was seen as a great journey or 
pilgrimage. One was to walk in holiness 

March 1993 Messenaer 21 

tember 1991, to the joy of those over the 
years who had criticized the monopoly. 

A few days later, the Huntingdon 
Library, San Marino. Calif., inade avail- 
able negatives of the scrolls taken by an 
Arab photographer. On November 19, 
1991, the Biblical Archaeology Society 
published a book containing 1.787 
photos of the scrolls, enabling scholars 
worldw ide finally to have open access to 
the scrolls. Suddenly these 2,000-year- 
oid documents were front-page news 

In the time since, stories about new 
research on the scrolls have appeared on 
the cover of magazines ranging from 
The Christian Centwy to Vanity Fair. 
Tabloid-like stories ("Indiana Jones and 
the Curse of the Scrolls") have shared 
space on newspaper pages with serious 
accounts of scholar!) discoveries. TTiis 
past year, major books, such as Hershel 
Shanks" Understanding the Dead Sea 
Scrolls and Robert Eisenman's The Dead 
Sea Scrolls Uncovered, reached book- 
stores and libraries. 

Richard Nysse, a professor of Old 
Testament at Luther Northwestern 
Seminary, St. Paul, Minn., compared the 
text of 2 Samuel 1-9, found in scroll 
fragments, with the Hebrew Bible as it 
has come down to us and the Septuagint 
(Greek translation). 


I ysse says that new research from the 
scrolls shows three things: 

• Through the scrolls, we are able to 
sharpen our image of the variety in 
Judaism around the time of Jesus. The 
New Testament and Jewish writings 
from the same period prominently 
mention the Sadducees and Pharisees 
and to a lesser extent the Zealots and 
Essenes (which some think was the 
tradition of the community to which the 
scrolls belonged). But the scrolls provide 
an extensive body of material written to 
promote and defend the positions of one 
faction within Judaism around the time 
of Jesus. 

• The scroll literature discloses 

common roots of early Christianity and 
Judaism. The language of John, the 
Beatitudes, and passages in Luke all 
show similarities to texts found in the 
Dead Sea Scrolls. Nysse says, "Because ■ 
we know more about the Jewish milieu, 
we know more about the milieu that 
Christianity came out of." 

• The scrolls have forced a major 
reassessment of concepts about how the 
Old Testament was transmitted, how it 
was copied, how manuscripts were 
produced, and the status of "bibles" at 
that time. Until the scrolls were found, 
scholars assumed that the Old Testamen 
came with virtually no variations, unlikej 
the New Testament. "We may now havej 
to produce critical editions of the Old 
Testament, sifting through variant 
readings, as we had to do with the New 
Testament." Nysse says. 

Nysse says there are no theological 
bombshells in the scrolls. The variant 
readings have more to do with words 
added or deleted in the text, numbers, 
or names. (In Exodus 1:5, the rabbinic 

and obedience. An often-used term was 
"deification." A number of scriptures 
give us this concept. In 2 Peter 1 :4 we 
are told to "become participan,ts of the 
divine nature." John 15:4 tells us, "Abide 
in me as I abide in you." Paul tells us in 
Galatians 4:7. "So you are no longer a 
slave, but a child, and if a child then also 
an heir, through God." 

Clement of Alexandria wrote, "God 
became man just that you may learn from 
that how it may be that man should be- 
come God." Athanasius, overseer of 
.Alexandria (c. 300-373) wrote, "He 
assumed a created human body, that, 
having received it as its creator, he might 
deify it in himself, and thus bring us all 
into the kingdom of heaven through our 
likeness of him." He also wrote, "The 
Word was made man in order that we 
might be divine." 

The final affirmation the early 
Christians made was that works and 
obedience played a role in one's salva- 
tion. The early Christians believed that 
they could trust only Christ for their 
salvation. But ihey also believed that one 
was to cooperate with God so that one's 

life could be transformed into the like- 
ness of God. Repentance was stressed. 
A faith that divorced one's beliefs and 
one's life was a false faith. 

The author of 11 Clement, an anony- 
mous writer writing between AD 100 
and 140, tells us, "Therefore, brethren, 
let us now at last repent and take sober 
thought for what is good; for we are full 
of much folly and evil. We must remove 
our former sins from ourselves and by 
wholehearted repentance be saved." 


. ermas. who wrote prior to AD 150, 
tells us in The Shepherd about stones 
that are to go into the building of a 
structure. He asks, "Who are the ones 
they were rejecting and throwing away?" 
The answer comes, "They are the ones 
who have sinned and wish to repent. 
For this reason they were not thrown far 
from the tower, because they will be 
useful in the building if they repent. So 
the ones who are about to repent, if they 
do repent, shall be secure in the faith, 
if they repent now while the tower is 
being built." 

The early Christians, believing in 
the importance of repentance and good 
works, used the Sermon on the Mount a 
great deal (if the writing was available 
to them). There are more quotations 
from the Sermon on the Mount in the 
Christian literature produced before AD 
325 (the Council of Nicea) than from 
any other three chapters in the Bible. 
They carried out its teachings in a litera 
way. Enemies were loved. Oaths were 
not taken. The poor and needy were 
cared for. 

In a time when we Brethren feel smal 
in number and somewhat weak in spirit 
we need to do what Alexander Mack dii 
Turn to the writings of the early Chris- 
tians. There we find that the Anabaptist 
vision of the faith is close in many way; 
to the faith of the early Christians. In a 
time when there are many conflicting 
visions attempting to shape the Brethre 
we would do well to read and practice 
the ideals and the faith of the 
primitive Christians. 


John D. Mummen is pastor of the Pleasant Vic 
Church of the Brethren , Lima, Ohio. 

22 Messenger March 1 993 

rsion uses the number "70'" while the 
■oils agree with the Greek translation, 
well as Acts 7:14. that the number 
IS "15.") Although the Isaiah scroll is 
nost the same as the text we have had 
fore, there are substantial differences 
the texts of Jeremiah. Samuel, and 
; Pentetuch. TTie scrolls, for instance, 
ve texts of Jeremiah indicating two 
ferent lengths. 

But around AD 100. the Hebrew text 
sfi.xed. so that copyists would even 
jnt the number of words to make sure 
ly had copied it correctly. And where 
: copyist knew the text was wrong, 
' Tections would be made only in the 
Tgin. Christian copyists usually made 
: change in the text itself. 
'The care with which rabbis transmit- 
I the Old Testament has led Christians 
ithink they could avoid the hard work 
Ine by New Testament scholars in 
jing to piece together what was the ori- 
!ial text." Nysse says. "We no longer 
n attribute differences to the Greek 

translator or a Samaritan variation." 
In short, the Dead Sea Scrolls have 
forced scholars to do textual criticism of 
the Old Testament. That means they try 
to determine what the original text of 
that part of the Scriptures said by 
comparing all available copies. 


'oes this mean there will be major 
doctrinal changes as scholars pore over 
the Dead Sea texts? "There will be no 
change in major doctrinal issues." Nysse 
insists. "Textual criticism after the 
scrolls will not alter our views on God as 
Creator or suddenly shed new light on 
the abortion debate." 

The real gain. Nysse believes, is to 
"give fabric to the matrix of the birth of 
Christianity. It enriches the fabric, 
giving fewer gaps between threads." Just 
as Jewish scholars pore over the New 
Testament to learn about Judaism of that 
time period, now the Dead Sea Scrolls 
provide us with another source of 

information about the context in which 
Christianity arose. 

"These details about the matrix of 
Christianity and the Old Testament are 
in a way ordinary." Nysse says. "It is 
simply the history of the people of God 
in God's world. Just as the Christmas 
story was ordinary, scrolls stuck in 
broken jars in a cave are very ordinary. 
The scrolls give a clearer picture of the 
context in which the Christian commu- 
nity emerged. 

"We cannot draw a stable or a crib yet. 
But because of the scrolls, we have a 
much fuller picture of what people were 
concerned about in the religious, 
intellectual world at the time 
of Jesus' birth." 


Rui^er Kahte is manugiiiii editor <)/ The Lutheran. 
the denomiiuilional mai>tj:iiu' ofrlw Eviinf^cluLiI 
Liiihcran Church in America (ELCA) 

Repnnfed. wiih permission, from The Lutheran. 
Copyright November 1992. ,Aiigshiirf> Fonress 



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by Robin 
Wentworth App 

Slcppiiii; Slones is a column offering 
suggestions, perspectives, and 
opinions — snapshots of life — thai we 
hope are helpful to readers in their 
Christian journey. As the writer said 
in her first installment. "Remember . 
when it comes to managing life's 
difficulties, we don't need to walk on 
water. We just need to learn where 
the stepping slones are." 


As I glanced up from my 
preaching notes one Sunday 
morning, I caught a teenager 
in the act. Flustered and 
embarrassed by the discov- 
ery, he tried to hide it. But I 
know what I saw. And 
although he probably would 
deny it even if confronted, I 
am an eyewitness to the fact: 
He was listening to me. 

Is it possible that I am 
such a scintillating, captivat- 
ing speaker that he was mes- 
merized by my wit, wisdom, 
and insight? I suppose it's 
possible . . . but improbable. 
No, I think this young man's 
attentiveness had more to do 
with the simple and encour- 
aging truth that our teenag- 
ers absorb a whole lot more 
than we often give them 
credit for. They listen to us 
on the sly . . . they follow our 
instructions when we're not 
looking . . . behind closed 
doors they repeat our advice 
to troubled friends. 

All too often parents of 
teenagers assume (or fear) 
that their kids afford them no 
credibility whatsoever. So the 
logical parental to 
that assumption is to increase 
the amount of instruction and 
restriction in an effort to 
extend protection to vulner- 
able young lives. And while 
there is certainly enough "out 
there" to tempt and confuse 
kids, such tightened control 
carries two very costly risks: 

First of all, the more 
independent-spirited teenag- 
ers will respond by accelerat- 
ing their efforts to establish 

an individual identity 
separate from that of their 
parents. In other words, they 
will rebel. 

The more insecure, passive 
teenagers very likely will 
comply. But in future situa- 
tions where such control is 
absent (on a college campus, 
for instance) the teenagers 
will be far more likely either 
to crack under the pressure 
or go into a tailspin "over- 
dosing" on experimentation. 

A certain amount of rebel- 
lion among teenagers is not 
only inevitable, but healthy. 
During the years of shifting 
from dependence to indepen- 
dence, there is bound to be 
some grinding of the gears. 
But that's okay. It will get 

The point is that when we 
over protect our kids, we fail 
to prepare them. This task of 
establishing identity is one 
that must be accomplished. If 
it doesn't happen during 
adolescence, it is liable to 
happen at mid-life. I have 
seen enough damage result- 
ing from men and women in 
mid-life crises that I would 
far rather see a 14-year-old 
being rebellious than a 40- 
year-old acting like a 
rebellious adolescent. 

In using the term "rebel- 
lion" here, I'm not referring 
to destructive choices such as 
drug and alcohol abuse, 
premarital sex, or occult 
involvement. Such behavior 
presents a clear and present 
danger and requires immedi- 
ate intervention. 

Also I am not suggesting 
that parents allow their own 
values and convictions to be 
assaulted and transgressed. 

"Rebellion" in this context 
includes things such as test- 
ing and negotiating curfew 
rules and trying pierced ears, 
unconventional haircuts and 
colors, flamboyant (though 
not immodest) clothing, and 
political opinions different 
from ours. 

Some time after catching 
that teenager listening to my 
.sermon, I attended the same 
young man's graduation 
open house. Keep in mind, 
this was a cocky kid. But in 
looking through his senior- 
year memory book, I noticed 
that listed under the category 
"Person Most Admired" wen 
the words "My Parents." 

So don't panic. As long as 
nothing is too "sacred" to be 
challenged or discus.sed ... 
as long as you practice what 
you preach . . . and as long 
as you help keep your kids 
connected with other caring 
adults, the odds of your 
teenager successfully making 
the transition from adoles- 
cence to adulthood are in 
your favor. 

And watch your children 
the next time they think you 
are not looking. They 
probably are doing some- 
thing responsible behind 
your back. 

Robin Wentworth App is a 
therapist from Nappanec. hid. She 
currently is interim pastor of 
Pleasant Valley Church of the 
Brethren. Middlcbury, Ind. 

24 Messenger March 1993 

iethany stuck back in corner 

lever before have I written a letter to 
le editor. But never before have I felt 
3 discouraged or hopeless about an 
;;tion of my denomination — Bethany 
eminary's moving to Richmond. Ind. 
;ee January, pages 11-15). 

I was part of the Bethany student body 
lat began its education on the new Oak 
rook. 111., campus in 1963. During my 
ay there, the present seminary president 
id dean were my classmates. I was 
npressed with the quality of the 
;minary plant and was told repeatedly 
hat a treasure we had in the cluster of 
■ea theological schools. 

The January MESSENGER articles 
Dnvinced me that we have made a tragic 
listake. Borrowing S4 million to 
jnstruct one building, trading all that 
ethany was and is and can be for a 
vncr of another denomination's 
;minary campus cannot be called 
Tioving forward." I fear that it is, 
istead, a step toward disbanding. 

My best memories are of Bethany as a 
mimunity. The close friendships formed 
lere are still alive for me today. I just 
Dn"t see how that value can be main- 

ined in the non-residential setting 
rejected for Richmond. 

The photo on page 15 (January) is 
jite symbolic — Bethany stuck back in a 
)mer behind another denomination. 

ithering away into nothingness. 

Maybe the old has to die in order for 
le new to be bom. But I will be eter- 
illy grateful that both my son and I 
raduated from the Graduate School of 
heolocv of the Church of the Brethren 

)e opinions expressed here are not necessarily 
ose of the magazine. Readers should receive them 
the same spirit with which differing opinions arc 
pressed in face-to-face conversations. 
Letters should he brief, concise, and respectful of 
e opinions of others. Preference is given to letters 
at respond directly to items read in the magazine. 
We are willing to withhold the name of a writer 
i/v when, in our editorial judgment, it is 
arrunted. We will not consider any letter that 
>mes to us unsigned. Whether or not we print the 
tier, the writer's name is kepi in strictest 

Address letters to Messenger Editor. 1451 
undee Ave.. Elgin. IL 60120. 

and were not asked to attend classes on 
the fringe of another denomination's 

./. Calvin Keeliiif; 
Biikcr.sficld. Calif 

We have met the enemy . . . 

The January editorial was marvelous. It 
put together a great platform for a 
Brethren leader, then reminded us that 
there are no rascals, after all, to be 
throv\n out. Just us. 

Frank Ramirez 
Elkhart Citx. Ind 

Democrats cater to godless 

If George Bush actually had iniplicil thai 
God was on the side of the Republicans. 
I would agree that his remarks in Dallas 
were inappropriate (January Letters. 
"Bush Invoking God's Name"). 

I took his statement, however, to mean 
simply that the Republicans (unlike the 
Democrats) were proud to include God in 
their platform. 

The Democrats spend too much time 
catering to many godless special interest 
groups. They purposely left God out of 
their 1992 platform for fear of alienating 
prospective voters. In a society in which 
radical factions strive to remove God 
from just about everything, we need 
leaders who are not afraid to embrace 
God and to stand firmly and proudly in 
their belief in God. 

Not all Democrats are godless, nor do 
all Republicans hold God central in their 
lives. But we all need to examine what 
the leaders of both parties support and 

Bradley Hallock 
Frederick. Md. 

Whittier was just right 

Thanks for "Snowbound With Whittier" 
(December). It brought back pleasant 
memories of poems I too had learned. 

Glenn Klahre 
Everett. Pa. 




November 4 -7, 1993 

Minneapolis Convention Center 
Minneapolis/St. Paul MN 




for Women and Men 

RE-IMAGINING God, Creation, 

Jesus, Church as Spiritual Institution 

Arts/Church, LanguageA/Vord, 

EthicsA/Vork/Ministry, Community, 

Church as Worshiping Community 


Mary Farrell BednarowskI, 

Elizabeth Bettenhausen, 

Johanna W.H. Bos, Mary E. Hunt, 

Rita Nakashima Brock, 

Nancy Chinn, Toinette Eugene, 

Aruna Gnanadason, Joan Martin, 

Jacquelyn Grant, Elsa Tamez, 

Catharina J.M. Halkes, 

Beverly Wlldung Harrison, 

Sr. Jose Hobday, 

Chung Hyun-Kyung, 

Ada Maria Isasl-DIaz, 

Nalini Jayusuria, Barbara Lundblad, 

Virginia Ramey Mollenkott, 

Ingellne Nielsen, Lois Wilson 

Mercy Amba Oduyoye, 

Ofella Ortega, Kwok Pui-Lan, 

Christine M. Smith, 

Susan Thistlethwarte, 

Bernlce Johnson Reagon 

De lores S. Williams 


Caria De Sola, Jo Morris 
Ram Carter Joern 

Inquire NOW for Early Fee 

Registration: The Rev. Sally Hill, 

122 W. Franklin Ave., Room 100, 

MpIs, MN 55404 

612/870-3600 Fax. 612/870-3663 

March 199,^ Messenaer 25 

to light 
the way 

by William 

Mixed Reviews criiiqiies hooks, films, 
and other products of the entertain- 
ment media that speak to Brethren 
living out their faith. The reviews are 
not to he taken as Messf.ngf.r'j 
endorsement, necessarily. Rather, we 
present them as helpful information 
for readers who encounter the 
suhjects they treat. 


Frederick Buechner has 
written over 20 books, both 
fiction and nontlction. 
Ahhough he is critically 
acclaimed — he was nomi- 
nated in 1981 for a Pulitzer 
prize — many people are 
unfamiliar with his work. 

It is tempting to call him a 
Christian writer, but that is a 
nebulous distinction at best. 
It probably is better to 
understand him as one who 
writes with theological 
artistry so that the reader 
may creatively reconsider the 
pedestrian way we so often 
go about life and faith. 

Whistling in the Dark: An 
ABC Theologized (Harper 
and Row. 116 pages. $13.95) 
is a good example of what 
I mean by this, and if 
Buechner is an unfamiliar 
writer, this is as good a 
book as any of his to begin 

Whistling in the Dark is a 
collection of familiar words 
such as beauty, denomina- 
tions, family, help, quiet, 
racism, and work that he 
tries "to say something more 
or less theological about." 

It is not a dictionary', but a 
toi4r de force of wit. insight, 
imagination, and the occa- 
sional irreverent stiletto that 
cuts into our well-sewn 

piety. On "Bom Again 
Christians": "TTiey are apt to 
have the relentless cheerful- 
ness of car salesmen." From 
"Enemy": "We tend to avoid 
fiery outbursts for fear of 
what they may touch off both 
in ourselves and the ones we 
burst out at. We smolder 

But Buechner is more than 
that. Read "Faces." "Hear- 
ing." or "Tears" and you will 
find a creative edge softened 
with pastoral compassion. 
Read "Holocaust." "Homo- 
sexuality," "Law of Love," 
or "Suicide" and you will 
discover someone who finds 
a way with words when 
words often fail us. The 
humor is there with some 
unexpected turns. 

In "Neurotics," you ex- 
pect Woody Allen, but he 
gives you the apostle Paul 
instead, with some curious 
wondering about his thorn 
in the flesh. In "Dying." 
Buechner imagines hope 
through the hell of taking 
off in an airliner through 
snow and sleet: "The slow 
climb is all there is. The 
stillness. The clouds. Then 
the miracle of flight as from 
fathom upon fathom down 
you surface suddenly into 
open sky. The dazzling sun." 

The dazzling artist. 

The book is not without its 
difficulties. Buechner some- 
times takes opposites and 
dialectically works them to 
an unsatisfying middle, as in 
"Abortion." Or he takes a 
complicated problem such as 
"Anorexia" and suggests a 
simple solution: "If we would 
only speak the truth to one 
another ... we would no 
longer have to act out our 
deepest feelings in symbols 
that none of us understand."' 

He tends to be elusive 
and often leaves you hang- 
ing on the limb of one of his 
thoughts. You want more. 
And his allusions may come 
across as pedantic to those 
who do not share his literary^ 

This does not. however, 
take away from the joy of the 
book. And if for some reasor 
you find yourself alone in the 
dark, whistling may help, bu 
then again, reading this bool[ 
under an old dusty lamp 
won't hurt: indeed, you ma) 
find a friend in the hundred 
or so entries that 
grace its pages. 


William HciUlcman-Scarr is a i 
wriler'househtishand and a memhet \ 
of Mo.xham Church of the Brethren. 
Johnstown, Pa. i 

26 Messenger March 1 993 

3n creed need and name game 

''ole H. Younkins 

rell us what 
o believe 

^e Brethren have become a group of 
ich diverse beliefs that sometimes I 
onder what it is that holds us together, 
'hat can be said of this man Jesus 
hrist on which we all will agree? 
Our lack of unity in belief hurts our 
momination from both the standpoint 
nurture and of outreach. It is difficult 
rear our young people in the way they 
lould go. There is no clear, agreed 
)on. way. And it is difficult to come 
rth with a strong evangelistic appeal 
hen we can't (or won't) clearly describe 
irist or his teachings. 
Our doctrinal confusion has to stop. In 
20th century we may have tried to be 
11 things to all men." but this can no 
nger be our way to operate. 
I have been in the pastorate only a bit 
er a decade, but already I have 
iserved that a congregation believes 
latever the pastor believes. And when 
le pastor leaves, another one comes — 
e who may have different beliefs and 

With our "professional" ministry 
; have created a group of itinerant 
Dphets who, too often, are like those 
)m Jerusalem who stirred up things in 
itioch with their preaching, necessitat- 
l a Jerusalem Council to straighten 
ngs out. 

If we are going to keep this system of 
nistry, the voice of authority cannot 

]i)bt ultimately with the pastors. More- 

liser. if it could, it should not. 

ly We must rid ourselves of the phobic 


hold in respect and fellowship those in the 
trch with whom we a^ree or disagree is a 
iracreristic of the Church of the Brethren. It is to 
continuation of this value, and to an open and 
binft forum, timt "Opinions" are invited from 

We do not acknowledge our receipt of obvious 
pinions" pieces, and can print only a sampling 
• hat we receive All "Opinions" are edited for 

reaction to anything that resembles a 
creed. "Right thinking." alone, won't 
save us. But right actions, alone, won't 
save us either. Many "good" things are 
being done under heathen banners that 
will bum like "wood. hay. and stubble" 
in that day. Just as faith without works is 
dead. so. likewise, works without faith 
are also dead. 


Irassroots Brethren express the need 
for direction and authority. They want to 
evangelize. They want to rear their 
children with the values of Christ and 
the church. They cry out. "Tell us what 
we believe." 

That is a reasonable request. We may 
make the rebuttal that our faith is in a 
Person, not in statements. Still, that 
person of Jesus becomes, in effect, what 
we say about him and who we say he is. 

In Matthew 23:23. our Lord Jesus 
says. " "Woe to you, scribes and Phari- 
sees, hypocrites! For you tithe mint, dill, 
and cummin, and have neglected the 
weightier matters of the law: justice and 
mercy and faith. It is these you ought to 
have practiced without neglecting the 

We. like the Pharisees, have empha- 
sized the right actions, but we have 
neglected the teaching, the doctrine, the 
word that gives the action meaning. We 
should have done the one without 
neglecting the other. 

Let us put our best minds, our best 
theologians, our most Spirit-filled people 
to work at getting together a statement of 
belief. It would take into account the best 
of our heritage, as well as what we have 
learned, as a people, since 1708. We are 
going to need to be well grounded in 
doctrinal truths in the years ahead 


Manchester College Peace Chou 

An interdisciplinary major in the tradition of Jesus, Gandhi, and King. 
Concentrations: Possibilities; 

- interpersonal & intergroup conflict - double major 

resolution -January travel/internships 

- international & global studies - study year abroad 

- religious & philosophical bases - summer internships 

- individualized major - scholarships, assistantships 

Peace Studies Institute, Manchester College, Bol 27, North Ntanchester, IN 46962 (2 1 9) 982-534J 

March 1993 Messenger 27 

because of the uxirld's increasing 
distortion and perversion of the truth. 

Some might say that we have Annual 
Conference statements that clarify where 
we stand. Yes, they have been helpful in 
formulating policy. But it is time to be 
inductive and consider all of our polity in 
creating some general statements of 
thinss that we. as Christians, believe. 

These are things that orthodoxy always 
has accepted and are beliefs that, if not 
orthodox, are. at least, biblical, although 
different from mainline Protestantism. 

Traditionally, the Church of the 
Brethren has been the most faithful ex- 
positor of the Truth that Jesus taught and 
lived. It is not that in recent decades we 
have not wanted to be faithful. But we 





We invite you to join thousands of Brethren 
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owned and operated for members of the 


Insure your property today in a way that allows your 
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have been duped. In serving the world ! 
for Christ, we have become too much, 
every sense, the world's servant. We nc 
must recapture our witness. 

We are blessed and are a blessing no 
just when we show, but also when we 
say. who Jesus is, which, inevitably, is 
say what we believe about him. The 
Church has been intentional about beir 
sheep. And intentional about being sail 
Now it is time to be, f, 

intentionally, lif;ht. L 

Gayte H Yintnkins is pastor of Walnut Grove 
Church of the Brethren. Johnstown, Pa. 

Jay B. Warner 

Consider these 
name options 

Here are some possibilities, if Annual 
Conference decides to consider renami 
the denomination. (See August/Septerr 
ber 1992, page 20, and January, page ' 

We could just continue using the nai 
"Church of the Brethren." Our foundei 
used the word "brethren" to refer to 
believers in Christ. The Bible also use; 
it. For example, Colossians 4:15 reads 
"Give my greetings to the brethren at 
Laodicea, and to Nympha and the chu: 
in her house" (RSV). 1 doubt that the 
Laodicea congregation was made up 
entirely of men. Women were involvec 
in the early church, and I believe that 
they were part of the "brethren." 

We could clearly make the name 
inclusive of women by such a name as 
"Church of the Brethren and 'Sistren' 
But then we would have the problem c 
the "cistern" jokes that already appear 

"Church of the Siblings" would give 
sense of a peer relationship and be noi 
sexist. But to call one another "sibling! 
Dan" or "sibling Sandy" would sound [ 
odd. "Sibling" is not a part of our chu i 
heritage. It sounds artificial. 

"Church of the Family" might seem , 
exclude single persons and couples 
without children. It also implies the | 
existence of spiritual aunts, uncles, j 
grandfathers, grandmothers, and cous ' 

28 Messenger March 1993 

o theologically didn't exist before, 
d. like "Church of the Siblings." it 
inds artificial. 

rVe could refer to ourselves by initials, 
we now refer to the Church of the 
thren in Nigeria (Ekkleslyur 'Ya/unva 
ligeria) by the initials EYN. In the 
ular world, the erstwhile Future 
Tners of America now is officially 
=A." We could be "COB." which, 
ile being non-sexist, creates the 

/jiblem of sounding like the throw-away 
t of an ear of com. 

vlaybe we should abandon the "breth- 
" theme altogether and revive one 
our several historic names. Thus we 
lid be "Taufer" (Baptists). "Neu- 
fer" (New Baptists). "Schwarzenau 
lifer" (Schwarzenau Baptists). "Tunck 
Lifer" (Dippers), or "Domplelaars" (the 
tch equivalent of Taufer). But an\ 
ptist name could be confused with any 
the dozens of Baptist denominations 
,t already exist. And we became 

'hurch of the Brethren" mostly because 
the troublesome German connotation, 
jerman name would not help in our 
ingelism program, especially among 

'Church of the Dunkards" would tie 
3 an nickname that was used a lot in 
lier times, but it would be void of 
aning for most Americans. And it 
lid be confused with the Dunkard 
thren. who left the Church of the 
thren in 1926. 

^ow have other denominations been 
Tied? The Methodists were named by 
3ple outside that denomination who 
lught they were too methodical, 
rhaps the Church of the Brethren 
jld be called the "Stubbomists." the 
the "Servicists." But it's hard to find 
e trait word that takes in the whole 


'Vlany denominations, such as the 
therans and Mennonites used their 
inder's name for their identification. 
s could call ourselves the "Mackians," 
er Alexander Mack. This would be 
itinct, and it is sexually inclusive. But 
r founders kept secret the identity of 
; person who baptized Alexander 
ick precisely because they did not 


Pontius' Puddle 

\OTICE ChiirLh and ciislrut newsletters that lepnnl "Pontius' PuJJle" from 
Messfvcer must pay $5 tSIO if cirxulatinn is over 500 i for each use to Joel 
Kaiiffniann. Ill Carter Road. Goshen. l\' 465-6 

VJUV \S IT TH(kr <lrtlL.O«.tH 
ARE ei^Ch«.<!.f>.lSEC) TO 
&AVE TrtttMjFET 




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... One Step at a Time. 

McPherson College 

McPherson, Kansas 67460 • (316) 241-0731 

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progressive city, and high quality oj the staff helped us feel that McPherson ivas the best 
choice for him. " 

-Ron '66 and Anna Marie Bryant Achilles '66 
Quinter Church of the Brethem. Quinter KS 

Scholarships/Gran Ls: * 

Church of die Brethren Awards — Up to $1,000 per year 

Brethren Volunteer Service Grants — Up to $500 per year 

Children of Alumni Grants — Up to $500 per year 

Church-Matching Grants — Up to $500 per year 

Dependents of Persons in Church Professions — Up to $1,000 per year 

* Awards are 
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Phone t_ 

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Clip and send to: Admissions OIHce. McPherson College. 
I'.O. R,.\ I 102. MePherMin. KS 67460 or 
rail coli.-el (Hid) 241-0731^ 

McPherson College does not discriminate on the 

basis of race, religion, sex, color, national origin, or physical/emotional disability 

March 199.^ Messenger 29 

IW auk><9\.>l i06 10 


call (800) 323-8039, 
Ext. 247. Ask for Norma 

From the 

Office of Human Resources 

Family Ministry, full-time. p;iid. 


— Bachelor's degree in a related field, e.g.. 

counseling, psychology, sociology . or its 

equivalent. Master's degree in above areas or 

theology desired. 

Program for Women, half-time, volunteer. 


— Master's degree In a related tleld is desirable; 

application of philosophies learned through 

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Interested and qualified persons may apply by 
sending a letter of interest and resume to: 


145 1 Dundee .Avenue 

Elgm.lL 60120 
.Applicants are requested to contact 3 or 4 
people and have them provide a reference letter. 

Materials accepted until position is filled. 

want ttieir group named for a person. 
That, they feh. would honor a person, 
rather than God. 

So, what is left'? Annual Conference 
may decide that we should consider re- 
naming the denomination. But. in many 
ways, it doesn't matter what we are 
called. Paul did not say in 1 Corinthians 
3:4. " 'For when one says. "1 belong to 
Paul." or another, "I belong to ApoUos," 

you are completely righteous.' " 

Just as Paul minimized the emphasis! 
on names and maximized the emphasis 
on God. so should we. Our fundamentt 
calling is to be members of the body of I 
Christ. After all, what's 

in a name.' 


Jay B. Warner is a member of Monitor Churcl 
the Brethren, near McPherson. Kan. 




This in-service degree facilitates a high level of competence in ministry 
with special emphasis on the theory and practice of Christian stewardship. 

The degree is administered by Garrett-Evangelical Tlieological Seminary 
in Evanston, Illinois, in cooperation with Seabury- Western Theological 
Seminary and the Eamienical Center for Stewardship Studies. Applications 
are due six months prior to anticipated entry (either June or January). 

For more information, contact the Ecumenical Center for Stewardship Studies 
I 1 100 West 42nd Street, Indianapolis, DM 46208. , 


MARCH, A MONTH BETWEEN. Not winter, not spnng. A 
time of change and transitions. Are you feeling like you need 
to refocus your life and discover what is most important'i' 
One way that can be done is to spend a year or more of your 
life in Brethren Volunteer Service. Were looking for adults 
of all ages who would like to simplify and share their lives by 
serving others in God's world. II you are interested in 
working for peace, advocating lustice, serving basic human 
needs, or caring for the environment, contact the BVS 
Recruitment Office, 1 451 Dundee Ave. . Elgin. IL 601 20. Tel 
(800) 323-8039 or (7081 742-5100, 

FOR RENT— Apartment in University Park, Md, (near 
Washington, D,C,), 1 large bedroom. 1 small bedroom. 
Detached apartment shares lot w/ mam house (pnvacy, 
big yard). Location: 2 blocks to University Park Church of 
the Brethren, 200 yds, to subway, 1 mile to the University 
of Maryland, on 2 bus routes. Owner prefers Brethren 
tenants. Rent is very reasonable. Great opportunity lor 
budget-conscious Brethren, Available July 1, 1993, Call 
current tenant Brad Flecke 8 a,m,-10 p,m, (Eastern lime), 
Tel (301) 927-9103. 

WANTED— Camp manager or couple to manage Camp 
Colorado in Pike National Forest (@ 40 minutes fr, Denver 
or Colorado Sprgs,) from Memorial Day to Labor Day 1 993, 
Camp located on 85 forested acres. Features swimming 
pool, hiking trails. 6 dorms, dining hall, recreation bidg. 
Camp has 4 wks. of Brethren-sponsored camps and is 
rented remainder of season to Brethren churches and family 
reunion groups. Duties incid, purchasing supplies, cleaning, 
and repainng camp. Altitude of camp is 7.500. Applicants 
should be in good physical shape. Salary $1 .000 per month. 
Inclds. 2-bdrm. cabin, utilities. Interested parties contact 
Ron Achilles. Rl. 1 , Box 143, Quinler. KS 67752. Tel. (913) 

WANTED— Suburban Denver, Pnnce of Peace Church of 
the Brethren seeks expenenced pastor with proven record 
of church growth, renewal, w/ strengths in worship, spiritual 
leadership. Capable of providing pastoral care for congrega- 
tion. Supportive congregation. Strong financial capability 
makes this great challenge. Beginning two year contract w/ 
excellent $45,000 per year, plus package. Send inquiries 
and profile to Mr. Lynn Clannin, 2222 S. Holland St., 
Lakewood, CO 80227 Tel. (303) 985-5737 

TRAVEL— Air-conditioned coach tour to Annual Confer- 
ence in Indianapolis, including housing. For information 
wnte J, Kenneth Kreider, 1 300 Sheafter Rd,, Elizabethlown, 
PA 17022. 

TRAVEL— Join Wendell and Joan Bohrer on 1 6-day British 
Isles and Ireland Tour. Aug. 2-1 7. 1 993 Write for brochure: 
Wendell and Joan Bohrer, 8520 Royal Meadow Dr.. India- 
napolis, IN 46217. Tel, (317) 882-5067, 

TRAVEL— Best of Bnlain and Ireland— England. Wales, 
Ireland, Scotland. Many beautiful attractions such as 
Stonehenge. Bath. Edinburgh. York, Stratford. Coventry. 
Oxford, London, Lake District of England, hills of Scotland, 
southern Wales and the Ring of Kerry in Ireland, a panorama 
of exciting mountains, coastal scenery with remote villages. 
Dates July 1 2-27. 1 993, For details and brochure, contact 
Dale or Gladys Hylton, 115 Greenawalt Rd., Lenhartsville, 
PA19534. Tel. (215)756-6109. 

TRAVEL— Join us in 1 993 on one of these tours— June 1 0- 
21 : Amsterdam. Brussels. Pans, w/ Rhine River Cruise; July 
7-22: Norway. Sweden, Denmark, hosted by Harold 
Brumbaugh, Juniata College; Sept, 16-Oct. 1: Germany, 
Austria. Switzerland; May 17-31: Juniata College Alumni 
Choir Concert tour to Germany, Austria, Italy. For detailed 

info, write to Gateway Travel Center. Inc., 606 Mifflin 
Huntingdon. PA 16652. 

TRAVEL— Manchester College alumni, fnends are im 
to |0in summer tour of Europe's Rhineland May 29-Jui 
Stops in Holland. Germany, France, Optional June ! 
Summer in Pans extension. Tour leaders: William Robii 
and Dr. C. James Bishop. First days spent in Amstei 
near mouth of Rhine River Second day, tour of C 
countryside. Cruise portion of trip begins June 1. 
Cologne, Bonn. Koblenz, Braubach in Germany; sm 
towns along Rhine between France, Germany; Strausbi 
France, Heidelberg, Price: $1,895, Includes airfare fr 
troit; return flight fr. Frankfurt, Germany, Tour member: 
extend stay in Europe fr. June 5-1 w/ stay in Pans, L( 
Dr. Bishop, Visits to Chateau Fontainebleau on way to F 
the Louvre. Eiffel Tower, Notre Dame Cathedral, At 
Triomphe, Basilique du Sacre Coeur, and Versailles 
tended trip cost; $750. Call college's alumni office— i 

SINGLES— Introduction services are not just tor "lo 
anymore. Just join, make new fnends, maybe in an are. 
would like to visit, meet a mate, whatever. Twenty coi 
have found mates through Crossroads and they 
ministers, nurses, teachers, various professions. So 
citizens, kids in their 20s— not a loser in the lot. Trji 
modern method approved by our church leaders. Foi \ 
wnte Crossroads, Box 32, N. Tonawanda, NY 1412C 

INVITATION— In Atlanta, Ga„ join Faithful Servant Ci 
of the Brethren for 10 a,m. church school and 11 
worship at Shoney's Inn at intersection of Indian Tra 
and 1-85 North, exit 38, Norcross, Contact pastor 
Jordan at (800) 782-9796, or Bob and Rose Garrison 
979-7343, 2679 Sherman Oaks, Lithonia, GA 30058 

30 Messenger March 1993 


ipcN.lnd.: Ray & Becky 
Imhoff . Sherman Treace 
ioch,Virlina: David Bamhart, 
Amy Bowman. Virginia Webb 

l)chdale, W Pa.: Levi Foust. 
Nathan Miller. Renee Brant 
ikertown,S. Pa.: Jennifer 
Hummel. Jessica & Jill Houtz. 
Emily & Enn Neimond. Mike 
Neidig. Mark & Lisa Peters. 
Stephanie Sellers. Amy Smith. 
Kelley.Mandy.& Steve 
Straw ser. Chnsty Van Horn 
xel Hill, Ati. N.E.: Ruby Bean. 
Corey Berkey.WilBish. 
Wendy Blanford. Helen. 
Joseph. & Sue DelPralo, 
Dianne Hummel. Cynthia 
Shaffer. Clarence & Doris 
Springirth. Morton Thompson. 
Evelyn Twesien 
n, Virlina: Robert & Barbara 
Cook. Edward & Marjie 
Dillon. Marvin Quesenbury 
lart Valley. N. Ind.: Man.' 

t-San Diego, Pac. S.W.; Anita 
Turner- Wucinic 
ich Broad. All. S.E David. 
Becky, Josh, & Nathan Cate, 
Dennis, Gail, Liza, Denny, & 

i Miranda Dunn. Stephanie 
Harrison, Mark Stout. Shana 
Williams, Bradly Cameron, 
Anthony Kyte. Walter, Maxie, 
& Benjamin Schlechter, Jim 
Moore, Donnie & Chns Rim- 
mer, Dustin Manloolh. Monica 
Eslinger. Jack Quisenberr. , 
Bruce, Anne, Heath, Slade. 
Summer. Shea, Ty, & Blair 
Claiborne, Wayne & Aileen 

j mantown Brick. Virlina; John 
& Sue Amnglon, Jimmy & 

., Jeremy Scoti 
lien City, N- Ind.; Lynn & 
Grace Bollinger. Jim & Ruth 
Roop, Mark Watson 

i ;n Tree, Ail. N.E.; Melanie 

jj Coots, Ron Gray. Chris 
Hawley. Larry & Mary 
Levengood, Russ & Suzanne 
Reeser. James Sherman, Lon 

■^ Fometta 
mcastle. S. Pa.: Charles 
Miller, Marji, Benjamin. & 
Matthew Bonebrake 
Donna Moore 
Itoes, Shen.: Tony Wenger 
ield, Atl. N.E.: Robert & 

Qj Phyllis Drumheller, Paul Jones. 
Robin McMiihon, Robert 

' Hanks. Mildred Lightner, 

'■ Stephen & Jumpee Orzel 
an Creek. All N.E: Kevin 

^ Bedell, Norman & Sara 
Chappell, Kara Freed 
:sonville. All. S.E.: Justin 
Henry, Mary Neal. Peter Reist 
mersville. M. Pa.: Craig, Craig 

^'JMelanie Miller. Mark Coffee 
rty Mills, S/C Ind.: Kent & 
Melanie Baker. Michelle 
Green. Wendy Spann. Amanda 

e Swatara. Atl. N.E.: Scot & 
Vlichelle Snvder, Nathan Dom- 

bach. Dale & Denyse Haupt 

Maple Grove. N. Ind.: Eric Miller 

Mechanic Grove, Atl. iN.E.: Donna 
& Ron Louthian. Deb & Dan 
Reighard. Pat Bleacher 

Memorial. M. Pa.: Matt & Virginia 
Meyer, Ike Wnght. Sherwood 
Bumbarger. Ronald Dilling 

Middle Creek, Atl. N E.: Matthew 
Wenger, Vera Ludw ig.Tncia 
Bollinger. Andrew Hess. 
.Alexey Pelger. Kim Mariin. Ian 
Cassel. Leanne & Jason Stoner. 
Jennifer Parke, Susan Beach\ 

Midland. Mid-Ati,: Vernon Funk- 
houser, Nancy & Gregg 

Midway, Atl. N.E.: Jessica Horsi. 
Darol & Tammy Saylor, Chad 
Showers, Grant & Helen 

Modesto, Pac. S.W.: LucileCos- 
ner. Jim & Marye Martinez 

Nappanee, N. Ind.: Jason & 
Brandon Kemp. Abram & 
Libby Christianson. Joanne 
Ulery. Olive Conover, Mona & 
Michael Fow ler. Doris Lam- 
ben. Scott. Mandy. Sarah. & 
Gayle Gerber, Fred & Bev 
Johnson. Mary , Chad. & Terry 
Smith, Stacy Cleveland. Ryan 
Miller, Lloyd Hershberger. 
Mark Heeter. Sheri.Tom, & 
Rod Bradway, Marsha Kilts. 
Rhonda Neibert. Julia Mishler, 
Kendall & Davonna Angle- 
m> er. Randy Spitaels. Kim 
Keiser, Cindy & Bill Mills, 
Deborah, Rand> , Angle, & 
Roman Lehman, Renee Nisley. 
Penny &. Erica Housour, Noel 
Hamsher. Tonya Wiggins. 
Alice Dumph 

Palmyra, Atl- N.E: Jennifer Unge- 
mach. Diane Watts. Michael 
Wiimer. Jason Whitman. .Man 
Graves. Beth Meyer. Jessica 
Baker. Beth Border, James 
Heiscy.Manha& Dennis 
Shaak, Stephen &. Betsy 
Myers. Kimberly Davisson, 
Marv' Seiben 

Pine Glen, M. Pa.: Beth Stimely 

Pleasant Chapel, N. Ind.: Darrell 

Pulaski County. Virlina: Steven 
Lyons, Delia Bratton. Holly 
S^". ecker. Kimberly Smith 

Rummel, W. Pa.: Beite & Leslie 
Moore. Carl Helman 

Schuylkill, Atl. NE.:Arlene 

Staunton, Shen.: Nancy & Sandra 
Baker, Oren & MazieGilbert, 
Hazel Hall. Randall 

Tyrone. M, Pa.: Everett Wiggers, 
Dariene Graham. Ryan & Cara 
Hershberger. Lucas Rhoades. 
John. Catherine. & Virginia 
Nalle\', Jessica Sprankle. 

Cnion Bridge. Mid-All,: David 
Dorsey, Bill & Dons Halllord. 
Janie Henrick. Evelyn Houck. 
Carla Lease, Dean & Karen 
Pennington. Harr\ & Janet 
Sayior.Gigi Soivilus 

Faith, Ill./Wis.: Kathleen. 

Christopher, & Terry Goebel, 
Robin & Suzanne Tolley. 
Clov is Hastings, Diana & 
Dorene Jeskie, Maryjane Krcn, 

Margaret Johnston. Rachel 
Bonine, Joseph & Mar>' Jeanne 
McGavin, Rebecca Babcock 


Crumrine, Duane E.. licensed Sep. 

14. 1992,Cum'ville,M.Pa, 
Schneiders. Francis A., licensed 

Nov. 2 i, 1992. Salem 

Community. W. Plains 
Vaieta. Gail E. ordained Nov. 2 1 , 

1992. Buckeye. W. Plains 


Care.v. Jack, from secular lo West 
Miinchester. S/C Ind. 

Edmonds, Edwin, from seculario 

Irons. Alvin. from other denomina- 
tion to Sugarland. W. Marva 

Ketterman. Curtis, from secular to 
Laughlin. W. Marv-a 

Malhis, Terry, from seculario Val- 
ley View-Whittier. Pac. S.W. 

Nalley, John, from Tyrone. M. Pa., 
to Tyrone and Spnng Mount. 
M. Pa. 

Nichols. Mark, from seminary to 
Mason "s Cove. Virlina 

Smith, Flo>d. from other denomi- 
nation toCircleville, S.Ohio 

Sleury. Mark Flory. from Troy, 
S. Ohio, to MackMemonal. 


Barnhart. Clarence and Lucile. 

Churubusco. Ind.. ?U 
Buckner. Cecil and Gerolean, 

Pulaski. Va..-<iO 
Burgess, William and Gladys, 

Wilmore. Ky..60 
Cable. William and Miriam. 

Syracuse. lnd..-^0 
Chaney.Bill and Y\onne.Tro\. 

Ohio. -SO 
Fawley. Ethel and Gerald. 

Bndgewaler. Va.. 50 
Hanson. Mary and Mar\in. Boone. 

Iowa. 50 
Hou.sel. Blair and Mona. Martins- 

hurg. Pa..53 
Huber. Chesler and Fern. Goshen, 

Ind., 60 
Lightner, Byron and Eva. Troy. 

Ohio. 50 
Lineweaver. Ruth and Carl. 

McDowell, Woodrow and Freda. 

Pov^ell, Helen and Ralph. Troy. 

Ohio. 60 
Shaffer. Guy and Ethel, Hoovers- 

ShalTer, Myron and Bett\ . 

Shipley, Jack and Florence. 

Smith, Leon and Margie. Grottoes. 

Statler, Bruce and Shirley, 

Wenger. Lloyd and Chiu-lotte, 



Atherton, Williard. 75, Prescott, 

Mich.. Nov. 8. 1992 
Baker, Dorothy. S I .Greenville. 

Ohio. Dec. 2 1. 1992 
Baker, Marie, 8.^. Cokeburg, Pa.. 

Nov. 2-'. 1992 
Beam, Harold. 9-^. McPherson. 

Kan.,Dec. 5. 1992 
Bevington, Agnes. 86. Troy Ohio. 

Dec. 13. 1992 
Bisbing. Mary. 74. Valley Forge. 

Pa.Ocl. 2-3. 1992 
Bowman, Burl. 65. Pulaski. Va., 

Mar 14. 1992 
Bow man, J. Paul, 73. Union 

Bridge. Md.Jun. 3. 1992 
Bow man, Osborne. 7 1 . York. Pa.. 

Dec. 6. 1992 
Brandt. Ada. 9 1 , Lebanon. Pa.. 

Oct. 29. 1992 
Brubaker. Cornelius. 95. Boones 

Mill. Va.. Nov. 18. 1992 
Brubaker, Crawford. 95. La Verne. 

Calif., Nov. 11.1992 
Brubaker, Emma. 82. Barren 

Spnngs.Va..Oct.20. 1992 
Bucher, Caleb W. 84. Neffsville. 

Pa.. Dec. 8. 1992 
Cable, Donald. 67. Custer. Mich.. 

Nov. 8, 1992 
Callihan, Mary, 99, Martinsburg, 

Pa., Nov. 10, 1992 
Cook, Merle, 83, Dillsburg, Pa,, 

Nov. 19, 1992 
Cooper. Ment, 85, Front Royal, 

Va,. Apr, -31), 1992 
Copenheaver, PennP..97, \'ork. 

Pa. Nov. 12. 1992 
Crase, Martha. 93. Dallas Center, 

Iowa. Nov. 26. 1992 
Dobbins, Bessie. 95. Coleman, 

Wis, Dec. 4, 1992 
Dzurke,Goldie,76, Windber. Pa.. 

Aug. 8.1992 
Egolf. Frank. 73. Fort Was ne. Ind.. 

Oct. 15. 1992 

Fla..Nov.7. 1992 
Fellenbaum. R. Glenn. 69. Lititz. 

Pa.. Nov. 24. 1992 
Flanders, Beatrice. Pittsburg. Pa.. 

Sep 22. 1992 
Fletcher. Geraldine. 52. Manins- 

burg. Pa, Aug. 3 1.1 992 
Fraunfelter, June, 71, Ashland, 

Ohio, Dec 21,1992 
Gottschalk, Minnie K„ 86, 

Sebnng.Fla..Nov.26. 1992 
Graybill, Elizabeth R,. 82. Sebring. 

'Fla..Nov 25. 1992 
Greiman. William ,A.. 88. York. 

Pa.. Nov. 22. 1992 
Hackman. Russell. 88. New 

Oxford. Pa. Nov. 28. 1992 
Hanson, Grace. 85. Palmyra. Pa.. 

Nov. 23. 1992 
Harshbarger, Marvin. 79. Troy. 

Ohio. Nov. 8. 1992 
Heisey, Virgie. 88. Neffsville. Pa.. 

Dec 4. 1992 
Hoffman, Clyde. 84. Latrobe. Pa.. 

Sep. 20. i 992 
Holcombe, Manon. 89. Frederick. 

Md..Nov.20. 1992 
Holl. David. 69. Bridgewater.Va.. 

Oct. 29. 1992 
Hoo\er. Lawrence. 86. Harrison- 
burg. Va.. Dec. 10.1992 
Irvin, Dale. 87. East Freedom. Pa.. 

Dec. 12.1992 
.lones. Mary. 76. Custer. Mich., 

Sep, 18.1992 

Kauffman. Wayne, 53.Clarksville. 

Mich. Dec, 12,1992 
Keener. J. Franklin, 82, Ashland, 

Ohio,Nov, 12, 1992 
Kussart, Samuel. 76. Cerro Gordo. 

111. Dec. 21, 1992 
Kutz, Horace. 69, Pine Grove, Pa,, 

Nov. 28. 1992 
Leonard, Ja\ , 69, East Freedom. 

Pa. Dec. 5. 1992 
Ludwig, Vera. 62. Cornwall. Pa., 

Sep. 21.1992 
Madison, El wood. 60, Grottoes, 

Va,. Oct, 3. 1992 
McCreary, Eunice, 85. Goshen. 

Ind. Dec. 15.1992 
McFarland, Don. 9 1 . Scottville. 

Mich..Nov. 17. 1992 
Montgomery, Diana. 43. Green- 
ville. Ohio. Dec. 20. 1992 
Mo.ver, Hatlie G..93. Palmy ra. Pa.. 

Nov. 12.1992 
Myers. Sherman. 66. Fairfield. Pa.. 

Jun.26. 1992 
Nissly, -Mice, 92, Dallas Center. 

Iowa. Nov. 28, 1992 
Nusbaum, Nellie, 79. Union 

Bridge, Md, Nov. 21, 1992 
Porter, Nolan F,, 68, Los Angeles, 

Calif.,Nov, 18. 1992 
Randall, Curtis. 77. Grottoes. Va,, 

Nov. 18, 1992 
Rennels, Stella. 82.Green-sburg. 

Pa..Aug.22. 1992 
Rcssler, Luke. 74. Leola. Pa.. 

Dec. 14.1992 
Ross, Stephanie. lOmos.. Virginia 

Beach. Va. Oct. 20, 1992 
Russell, Belva.63. Roaring Spnng. 

Pa.. Dec. 17. 1992 
Saul, Eliza. 102. Boones Mill. Va„ 

Nov, 27, 1992 
Shaffer. Roy, 79, Berlin, Pa.. 

Sep 9. 1992 
Shepler, Beity,62, Harrisburg, Pa,, 

Dec 4,1992 
Singleton, Joseph, 88, Norristown. 

Pa. Aug. 19.1992 
Slaubaugh. Melvin. 89. Bridge- 
water. Va.. Dec. 1. 1992 
Small, Blanche. 79. Greensburg. 

Pa.. Oct. 22. 1992 
Spurgeon, Lenna C. 82. Smith- 

Mlle.W.Va..Aug.23. 1992 
Spurgeon, Mildred. 68. Jane Lew . 

W. Va..Nov. 10. 1992 
Stitzel, Pauline. 84. La Verne. 

Calif.. Nov. 3. 1992 
Stoots. Willie Mae. 87. Pulaski. 

Va..Jun.9. 1992 
Strickler. Velma. 8 1 . La Verne. 

Calif. Nov. 20. 1992 
Treace, Sherman. 69. Fort Way ne. 

Ind.. Nov. 7. 1942 
Varner. Dorothy. 59. Waynesboro. 

Pa.Dec. id. 1992 
Wagaman, B. Franklin. 8 1 . Cham- 

bersburg.Pa..Nav.4. 1992 
Walker. Pearl. 9 1 . Kingsley. Iowa. 

Nov. 6. 1992 
Wall, John. 87. McPherson. Kan.. 

Dec. 7. 1992 
Will, h an. 88. Bridgew ater. Va.. 

Nov. 1.1992 
Will, Rebecca. 9 1 . Bridgewaier. 

Va. Oct. 24. 1992' 
Winand, Lester. 74. Glen Rock. 

Pa. Dec. 21. 1992 
W under. Roben. 68. Phoeni.wille. 

Pa. Sep. 12. 1992 
Zechman. .Arnold. 82. Pine Grove,^ 

Pa .Jul. 22. 1902 
Zellers, Dale. 62. Red Lion, Pa., 

Dec. 17. 1992 

March 144.3 Messenger 31 

Hard on this reader's digestion 

Maya Angelou capti\ ated President Clinton's 
inauguration audience with her poem "On the Pulse 
of the Morning."" The poem was rich in biblical 
allusions that echoed the cadences and lyrics of 
spirituals and gospel music. The poet has rocks, 
rivers, and trees take on human characteristics: 

■"A River sings a beautiful song. 

It says. come, rest here by my side." 

Those of us who heard Maya Angelou recite her 
poem could understand and appreciate it. And we 
knew it was w ritten for the specific occasion, 
speaking to .Americans and their identification with 
the sweep of history and destiny, the sense of which 
was heightened by the start of a new era. 

But to someone who knew nothing of the 
context, was unaware of the occasion, and just saw 
the poem in cold print, Maya Angelou's words might 
mean something quite different. Outlandishly 

Joseph A. Harriss demonstrates the problem of 
being ignorant of the context and .setting of someone 
else"s words. Venting his spleen against the World 
Council of Churches (WCC) in the February 
Reader's Dit^esi ("The Gospel According to Marx,"' 
page 68). Harriss says of South Korean theologian 
Chung Hyun Kyung (speaking at the WCC's 1991 
Seventh .Assembly in Canberra, Australia), "(She) 
invoked spirits of the dead and exhorted the audience 
of more than 4,000 to read the Bible 'from the 
perspective of birds, water, air, trees," and to 'think 
like a mountain." "" Then Harriss sneers. "Quite a 
display, but was it ChrisiianT' 

Of course it was Christian. Harriss has taken 
Chung's words out of context to build his case that 
the WCC is a/j/Z-Christian. Chung was speaking of 
the spirits of struggling Korean women and the poor, 
and those who were in Japan's "prostitution army" 
during World War II. "Without hearing the cries of 
these spirits," she declared, "we cannot hear the 
voice of the Holy Spirit (at Canberra)." Her allusions 
to nature were spoken to underline the need to read 
the Bible in a way that takes seriously a new under- 
standing of creation. She was speaking to the gravity 
of global ecological problems. Christian'! You can 
bet your Quotable Quotes it is! 

You have to wonder about Reader's Dii^est and 
what keeps gnawing at its innards. This February 
1993 article is the third attack on the WCC over the 
past two decades. The magazine and the Washing- 
ton-based Institute on Religion and Democracy 
(IRD), to which Reader's Dif^est always turns as the 
ultimate source of truth, both work out of the old 
Cold War mindset that saw communists hiding 

under every bed. Now, when the Cold War is over, 
the Soviet Union has imploded, and communism has 
been thoroughly discredited and scorned. Reader's 
Digest and the IRD are still ranting and raving as if 
the WCC and the old Soviet KGB were in cahoots 
to deliver the Western world into the hands of 
godless Marxism. 

Tell me, even if all that Joseph Harriss says 
about the WCC were true, doesn't it strike you that 
his alleged liaison between the WCC and the KGB 
did a pretty poor job of pulling off the mother of all 
Marxist takeovers? Doesn't it strike you that, given 
the fact the Soviet Union is gone and its largest 
remnant. Russia, is on the skids, this Reader's 
Digest rehash of baseless charges it made (by the 
same author) in 1982 is rather out of date and the 
whole issue devoid of relevance? We could just as 
fruitfully debate England's alleged sympathy for the 
Confederacy during the US Civil War. 

Be that as it may. Reader's Digest, for whatever 
diabolical purpose, seems bent on discrediting and 
undermining the WCC. And what"s to be done? 
Ironically, Reader's Digest and I both have the same 
suggestion: Harriss says that you ("ordinary church- 
goers." as he puts it) "should raise questions with 
(your) church hierarchies about the WCC's activi- 
ties." Amen, Mr. Harriss. 

Don Miller, our Church of the Brethren general 
secretary (and a member of the WCC's governing 
Central Committee), sent a letter in late January to 
every pastor in the denomination, refuting the 
Reader's Digest charges. If your pastor hasn't posted 
that letter or called your attention to it, ask to see it. 

Call our Church of the Brethren Communica- 
tions Office, toll-free, at (800) .32.V8039 (extension 
262). and ask for its free background packet that 
speaks in detail to the Reader's Digest charges and ■ 
provides a fact sheet on Brethren-WCC connections. 


he world is not the simplistic place of clear-cut 
good versus clear-cut evil that people of the Reader's 
Digest and IRD mindset assume it is. And the WCC 
is a wonderfully effective tool not for advancing 
Marxism but for advancing Christian unity through 
a great gathering of Christian bodies representing 
many diverse cultures. 

People of narrow vision are scared of their own 
shadows and tremble at the very thought of Christian 
cross-cultural dialog. That's the vision . . . and the 
shadows . . . from which pieces such as "The Gospel 
According to Marx" come. There is better reading 
elsewhere. — K.T. 

32 Messenger March 1993 

/ believe in Bethany 

Seminary because of 

he excellent training 

that three students 

from my 

congregation are 

receiving there. I 

believe in Bethany 

because its faculty 

members love and 

care about the 

Church of the 

Brethren and the 

total body of Christ. 

Charles Bayer is pastor of La 

Verne (Calif.) Church of the 

Brethren and 1995 Annual 

Conference moderator. 



iSl ■■■ It 

ffl dBB til 
III ■■■ iii 


■I II 

I i ill 

' » 111 

If you hear the Cally 
give us a call. 

Bethany Theological Seminary 

Butterfield and Meyers Roads 
Oak Brook, IL 60521 



People are they, men and women and children; 


And each has a heart keeping time with my own. 


People are they, persons made in God's image; 





Vs. 3, "Brothers and Sislers of Mine," Hymnal 142 Texl by Kenneth I. Morse. Copyriglil 1974 Qiurch of tJie Bretliren General Board. 

Church of the Brethren, Sunday, March 21 


The scars 
confirm his presence 


In a cartoon I once chuckled over, two medievally-dressed guys, 
hut obvioush press men. are standing by a Gutenburg era 
printing press, talking shop. Says one guy to the other. "Well. I 
certainly hope that technology doesn't change again." 

I empathize with that brother of mine. I sometimes have 
secretly harbored that same hope . . . secrdly because in 

the publishing and 
printing business today, 
your job requires that you 
at least create the percep- 
tion that you are impatient 
\\ ilh present technology 
and are eager for the next 
technical improvement. 
When 1 joined the 
Messenger staff, several years ago now. the magazine was still 
being produced by the hot lead method. Ancient clickety-clack 
Linotype machines "out back" in Brethren Press dropped metal 
type into place, molten lead poured in. and out came newly 
molded blocks of text to be locked into place and put on the 
press. Soon thereafter, in the October 1974 version of today's 
"From the Editor." we described our transition from "hot type" 
to "cold type." Under the new "cold type" system, we explained 
rather breathlessly, "a typist taps out the stories on a keypuncher 
that transforms them into strips of perforated tapes. The tapes 
are fed into a photo-composing machine that turns out neat 
columns of type imprinted on paper." Awesome! 

That was then. Nowadays we are into w hat's called desktop 
publishing, doing all the preliminary work ourselves, using our 
PCs, and handing the printer what we in the trade call "camera- 
ready" material. 

Which leads me up to an unwelcome exercise we have gone 
through just lately, interviewing persons for a job opening that is 
still called "secretary to the MESSENGER editor," even though it 
is now much more than that. In each interview, everything 
hinged on one question we asked: "Do you know how to use 
PageMaker software?" Those candidates who didn't got short 
shrift from us. 

Well, we have found the person we arc looking for. who 
knows PageMaker ami more besides. So now MESSENGER can 
keep rolling smoothly off the press. We are keeping pace with 
the limes. But you know. 1 certainly hope that technology 
doesn't change aiiainl Right. Johannes? 

COMING NEXT MONTH: A full Annual Conference preview. 


Kermon Thomasson 

Managing Editor 

Eric B, Bishop 

Editorial assistant 

Cheryl Cayford 


Norma Nieto. Martha Cupp 


Kenneth L. Gibble 


Dale E. Minnich 

District Messenger representativ* 

Atlantic Northeasi. Ron Lul?: Atlar 
Southeast, Ruby Raymer; Illinois/V 
Gail Clark: Nonhem Indiana. Leon 
Holderread; South/Central Indiana. 
Miller: Michigan. Marie Willought 
Allanlic. Ann Fouts; Missouri/Arka 
Man McGowan: Northern Plains, " 
Strom: Northern Ohio. Sherr\ Sam 
Southern Ohio. Shirle\ Petr\: Greg 
\\'ashington. Marguerite Shamberg 
Pacific Southwest. Randy Millen S 
Pennsylvania. Elmer Q. Gleim: We 
Penns\ Kama. Ja\ Chnstner: Shena 
Jern Brunk; Southern Plains. Eslhi 
Virlina, David & Heltie Webster: V 
Plains. Dean Hummen West Marv; 
Winoma Spurgeon. 

Messenger is the official publicatic 

Church of ihe Brethren. Entered a 

class matter Aug. 20, I9IS. under 

Congress of Oct. 17. I9I7. Filing c 

' 1. 1984. Messenger is 

|i\ member of the Associ 

1/^ Church Press and a su 

ID ''^ Religious Ne\\s Sei 

j Ecumenical Press Sen 

i I Biblical quotations 

otherv. ise indicated, are from the > 
Revised Standard Version. 

Subscription rates: S12..S0 indii 1 
rate, $10. .30 church group plan. SI- Q 
subscriptions. Student rate 75c an 
you move, clip address label and s 
new address to Messenger Subscri 
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at least five weeks for address chai 
Messenger is owned and publis 
times a year by Ihe General Ser\ ic 
mission. Church of the Brethren G 
Board. Second-class postage paid 
III., and at additional mailing offic 
I99.r Copynghl 1993. Church of 
Brethren General Board. ISSN 00 
POSTMASTER: Send address 
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\ Touch 2 
lose to Home -^ 
lews 6 
"orldwide 10 
lie Church Alive 
■ )etry 1 5 
epping Stones 
Jtters 26 
pinions 27 
')ntius' Puddle 
jrning Points 

■p^itorial 32 








' edits: 

ver: Religious News Service 

jeorge Keeler 

ottom: Kay Jones 

:ft:Debra Bollinger 

ght: Phyllis Howard 
Oavid Radcliff 

UNICEF: John Isaac 

21: Cheryl Cayford 

WCC photos: Peter Williams 

I will dance 12 

Frank Ramirez has found a scandalous connection between 
King David's dancing episode and the Brethren love feast. 

Resurrection scars 14 

Where there is no death to self, there is no new life, writes 
Ryan Ahlgrim. 

Brethren in Brazil: Fragile as a petal, deter- 
mined as a thorn 17 

■'I am afraid for the Tunkers in their fragility." writes Cheryl 
Cayford. But they take seriously Christ's calling Christians to 
conquer the world. 

Evangelism Brazilian Tunker style 1 8 

Dale W. Brown found that evangelism is a natural outgrowth 
of who the Brazilian Brethren are. 

Hey! What are old friends for? 22 

Donald E. Miller writes that the World Council of Churches 
is like an old friend. But the old friend has an old enemy, a 
situation that Miller addresses. Sidebar by Howard E. Royer. 

Cover story: The scars 
remain because they 
connect the resurrection 
with the way of the 
cross. (See page J-l.) 

April 1993 Messenger 1 



He rides again 

Instead of picking a 
banjo these days. 
Jim Huskins is into 
spring plowing, at 
Sunshine Farm, in 
Salina. Kan. 


Some folks wondered who 
was that masked man when 
he did his Lone Ranger act at 
last year's Annual Confer- 
ence. From that same 
Conference, others came to 
know him for the mean 
banjo he picks. And Jim 
Huskins featured in a March 
1988 Messenger article as 
the only Dunker 
preacher still mak- 
ing his rounds by 
horse and buggy. 
Now Jim has left 
his pastorate at 
Rummel Church of 
the Brethren. Windber. 
Pa., reincarnated as the 
"Sunshine Farmer." 
He's working with 
The Land Institute. 
Salina. Kan., as 
manager of the 
Sunshine Farm. 
Sunshine Farm 
is a 10-year re- 
search project 
that combines 
traditional farming 
methods with 
recent scientific 
findings and 
technology. A 
central question 
HfiL. in the 

"In Touch" profiles Brethren we 
would like you to meet. Send 
slory ideas and photos (black 
and white, if possible I to "In 
Touch." Messenger. 1451 
Dundee Ave.. Elgin. IL 60120. 

research is how 
much agricultural 
productivity can 
be maintained on 
a sunlight- 
powered farm 
that sponsors its 
own inputs with- 
out fossil fuels. 

Jim is familiar with 
farming with horse-drawn 
equipment and has practiced 

subsistence and part-time 
farming from 1979 to the 
present. He calls himself "a 
generalist in a world hell- 
bent on specialization." 

While he manages 
Sunshine Farm. Jim and his 
family will continue their 
simple living in the horse 
and buggy world. But that's 
a positive, the now full-time 
fanner insists: "We see the 
use of the buggy and bicycle 
not as a step backward, but 
as a progressive move 
toward something that's 
sustainable." Sound simple! 

Names in the news 

Hal Forney, a medical 
doctor and member of San 
Diego (Calif.) Church of the 
Brethren, has spent four 
weeks in Kukuyu. Kenya, 
volunteering his services in 
Kukuyu hospital's orthope- 
dic rehabilitation program. 

• Pat Liley. a member of 
Sunnyslope Church of the 
Brethren. Wenatchee. Wash., 
is in Tynda. Russia, doing a 
three-and-a-half month stint 
as an English teacher. 
Wenatchee and Tynda have 

a "Sister City" relationship. 
Pat is the first 
person from 
Wenatchee to 
go to Tynda. 
the Russian city has had 
several citizens spend time 
in its US counterpart. 

• Frieda Driver, from 
Barren Ridge Church of the 
Brethren, near Staunton. Va.. 
and Karen Fleishman, from 
the Dayton (Va.) congrega- 
tion, attended a meeting in 
Richmond. Va.. in which the 
issue of infant mortality in 

the state was discussed. 
Virginia governor Doug 
Wilder, speaking to the 
group, challenged churches 
to promote healthy births and 
babies as well as encourag- 
ing strong family values and 
lifestyles conducive to total 

• Laton (Calif.) Church of | 
the Brethren, celebrating its 
90th anniversary, honored 
member Rena Vaughn, 92. 
Rena is the last survivor of a 
group of 3 1 Brethren who 
moved by train from Kansas 
to help found the Laton 
church in 1902. 

No 'Holy Joe' 

"I define spiritual growth as 
getting out of one's self and 
helping others. You get so 
much more out of life." 

That's 27-year-old Peter 
Neilson talkine. He is a 

■ Caring for Youth •* 

Brethren Volunteer Service 
worker from England, 
serving at Pathway, a 
residential counseling 
program for troubled teens, 
in Canton. Ohio. Super- 
vising group activities and 
recreation is his task at 

Peter hopes that at Path- 
way he can apply learnings 
from his own experiences a!i 
a troubled teenager. "I 
started drinking at 13 or 14, 
he says. He now is a recove: 
ing alcoholic. 

He believes that churches 
should put more emphasis o 

2 Messenger April 1993 

spirituality, rather than on 
"religion," in order to better 
' reach young people who are 

"Many people think you 
have to be some kind of 'Ho- 
ly Joe" to fit into a church," 
says Peter. "' 'Religion" is 
for people who want to be 
saved from hell. Spirituality 
is for people who already 
have been to hell and are 
finding their way back." 

Preaching in Romania 

One discovery that John 
Cunningham made during a 
10-day sojourn in Romania 
is that folks over there are 
into feetwashing too. When 
he asked members of the 
church in Brusov. Romania, 
why they practiced feet- 
washing, the reply was 
"Because that"s what 
Jesus did."" 

John is pastor of Commu- 
nity Church of the Brethren, 
Orlando, Fla. He made the 
visit to Romania along with 
youth pastor Kevin King. 
They and six other people 
from Orlando churches 
formed a team that included 
health-care and education 
specialists. John did most of 
the preaching, and Kevin 
addressed youth rallies. 

"TTiere is a great spiritual 
hunger in Romania,'" says 
John. "At our services. 
people lined up in the back, 
stood in the aisles, and 
leaned through windows and 
1 doors to hear God's word." 

Religion in Romania is 
experiencing a new burst of 
i freedom since the fall of 
communism. The visiting 
Brethren pair was grateful to 
I experience a taste of revital- 

John Cunningham and Kevin King preached in Romania. 

ized Christianity in a land 
where the flame had burned 
low for so long. 

A Fairy mal(es them 

Years ago, when Fairy King 
was in a women's circle at 
West York Church of the 
Brethren, in York, Pa., her 
group took on a project of 
making layettes for the New 
Windsor Service Center. 
After Fairy's husband 
died, and as she was reorder- 
ing her life, she decided to 

get into layettes again. Fairy 
regularly drives from New 
Oxford, Pa., to New 
Windsor, Md. to pick up 
materials for 20 layettes. 
Then, back in her cottage at 
Cross Keys Village, she sews 
the items that make up each 

These include a blanket to 
be hemmed, a gown with 
ties, and a double-breasted 
sack with ties. Fairy has 
sewn over a thousand of the 
layettes so far. 

The layettes that Fairy and 
many other volunteers sew 
are distributed by the New 

Fairy King keeps her sewing machine hot. making layettes. 

Windsor Service Center 
worldwide to mission 
hospitals for their newborns. 

Fairy also makes crib 
quilts, which are then sold at 
New Windsor. For the gift 
shop at Cross Keys Village, 
she creates a craft item made 
from two white handker- 
chiefs folded and sewn to 
simulate a man"s dress shirt, 
complete with cuffs, collar, 
and tie. These miniatures are 
designed to be birthday or 
Father"s Day gifts for men. 

This 85-year-old seam- 
stress doesn"t let any grass 
grow under her treadle, and 
her warm fuzzies are be- 
stowing blessings around the 
world. — Grace Lefever 

Grace Lefever Is a memtyer of 
West York Church of the Brelliren, 
York. Pa. 


Mildred Etter Heckert, 7Q, 

died February 7, in Elgin, 111. 
She worked at the General 
Offices, 1952-1975. and later 
served for 17 years as a 
volunteer in the Brethren 
Historical Library and 
Archives. She also served for 
many years as copy editor of 
Brethren Life and Thought. 
• Elsie Finckh, 94, died 
January 22, in Worthington, 
Minn. She taught in the 
Church of the Brethren 
Industrial School, in Greene 
County, Va., in the 1920s. 
She provided the photo- 
graphs that illustrated the 
May 1992 Messenger 
article on "Miss Nelie"" 
Wampler and was featured, 
herself, in an August/ 
September 1992 article in 
the magazine. 

April 1993 Messenger 3 


Sippin' seminary cider 

When Bethany Theological 
Seminary moves to Rich- 
mond. Ind.. it will have to 
leave behind its 45-tree 
apple orchard planted in 
1979 by Pine Creek Church 
of the Brethren. North 
Liberty. Ind. 
The 1992 crop was a bum- 

Clara Glover and 
Tom Longenecker 
organized the apple 
cider project at 
Bethanx Seminan\ 

"Close to Home" hii^hlights 
nevis of congregations, districts, 
colleges, homes, and other local and 
regional life. Send story ideas and 
photos (black and white, if possible) 
to "Close to Home." Messenger. 
1451 Dundee Ave.. Elgin. IL 60120. 

per one. with everyone eat- 
ing apples, and everyone 
saying. "We should do some- 
thing about those apples." 

Then student Clara Glover 
heard there was a cider mill 
nearby, and an idea was 
bom. Clara. Earl Stovall. and 
Tom Longenecker gathered 
equipment and instructions 
and directed the big apple 
cider project. 

By noon one October 
Saturday. 54 bushels of 
apples had been gathered, 
and several more bushels 
were in campus kitchens. 
Glenn Bollinger drove the 
truck to Gould Cider Mill in 
Elbum. 111., where he and 
several other students fed 
apples into the press and 
filled the jugs with cider. 

The project netted 288 
gallons of cider, much of 

which was sold locally, with 
some being transported as far 
away as Pennsylvania and 
West Virginia. 

Students everywhere 
traditionally have polished 
apples. At Bethany they 
have discovered how to 
press them. too. The cider 
enterprise is almost a 
sufficient argument to 
keep the seminary in Oak 
Brook . . . almost. 

Leave tlie driving to us 

The New Windsor (Md.) 
Service Center recently 
provided a bus tour of Penn- 
sylvania shrines of each 
Dunker's devotion. The 45 
participants visited German- 
town Church of the Brethren 
(the denomination's mother 
church). Wissahickon Creek 
(the Germantown site of the 
first Brethren baptisms in 
America, in 1723). and Eph- 
rata Cloister (community de- 
veloped by an 18th-century 
breakaway Brethren group). 

The tour is part of a 
larger plan that encourages 

Brethren travel organizers 
to develop Brethren heri- 
tage tours that include an 
overnight visit at the New 
Windsor Service Center, 
which is beginning a 
strung-out 50th- 
anniversary observance. 

Bible illiteracy scotched i 

Out of a concern about Bible 
illiteracy. Western Pennsyl- 
vania District named 1993 
as "The Year of the Bible," 
with a goal of having 1,000 
Brethren reading through the 
Bible during the year, using 
the One- Year Bible. 

Promotion began in early 
1992 and was so effective 
that when all orders had beer 
filled, 1.360 Bibles had been 
purchased. That number 
later grew to 1 .45 1 , and in 
late January the district 
office was still receiving 
calls for Bibles. 

The One-Year Bible 
system takes the student 
through the Bible in one 
year, with daily readings in 
both the Old and New 

New Windsor employees and volunteers toured the old 
meetinghouse in Germantown. where the Church of the 
Brethren in the United States began in 1723. 

4 Messenger April 1993 

Marlon's window symbolizes love feast and communion. 

• Testaments. Psalms, and 


One adult remarked about 
! the project. "At the District 

Youth Winter Rally, there 
I were One-Year Bibles all 
I over the place. The youth 

challenged me, 'Are you 

reading your Bible?'" 
' Clearlv America's Bible 

Belt has been hitched up a 
J little higher. 

Getting to know you 

Southern Pennsylvania 
District and Atlantic 
Northeast District are doing 
a bus tour to New England to 
provide Pennsylvania folks 
the chance to get to know the 
new Brethren in five recent 
new-church plantings outside 
the Brethren heartland. 

At a February consultation 
of General Board staff and 
district executives, an idea 
was floated of promoting 
visits between congregations 
that are different geographi- 
cally, culturally, or other- 
wise, in order to foster 
Brethren unity, making 
members and congregations 
more aware of diversity in 
the denomination. With that 
in mind, the New England 
buscapade sounds like the 
test run of a great idea. 

This and that 

When the wife and children 
of Bill Young donated 
stained glass windows in his 
memory to Marion (Ohio) 
First Church of the Breth- 
ren, they had one wmdow 
symbolize the Brethren love 
feast and communion. It was 
so well liked that a sketch of 
it. by Cynthia Ballinger, now 
appears on the congrega- 
tion's letterhead stationery. 

• Philadelphia (Pa.) First 
Korean Church of the 
Brethren, under the leader- 
ship of pastor Shin 111 Jo. is 
establishing the "Philadel- 
phia Mission and Theologi- 
cal Institute." to train 
Korean. Chinese, and other 
students for ministry in the 
Church of the Brethren. 

• Martinsburg (Pa.) 
Memorial Church of the 
Brethren held a Brethren 
Heritage Weekend this past 
fall, featuring two well- 
known Brethren historians. 
Don Dumbaugh. professor of 
religion and history at 
Elizabethtown College, 
spoke on Brethren doctrine. 
Earl Kaylor, retired professor 
of religion and history at 
Juniata College, related local 
Brethren history. The 
children of the congre- 
gation learned about 
Brethren ordinances. 

• Peter Becker Commu- 
nity, Harleysville, Pa., held 
a flower show. "A Walk 
Through the Rain Forest," 
March 26-27. Many of the 
community's residents 
displayed their flowers 
and plants. 

Campus comments 

In January. Juniata College 

hosted activist Russell 
Means, who spoke on the 
rights and treatment of 
Native Americans. Means 
was an early leader of the 
American Indian Movement 
(AIM) and the organizer of 
the Native American 
opposition to the 1992 
Christopher Columbus 

• Bridgewater College, in 
January, observed Interna- 
tional Awareness Week, 
during which costumes, 
food, games, and marriage 
rites of countries around the 
world were showcased. 
Aninda Mitra. a junior from 
Bombay. India, is president 
of the Bridgewater College 
International Club. 

• Students from Manches- 
ter College and Bethany 
Theological Seminary who 
visited the Brazilian Tunker 
church in January (see page 
17) purchased a 3.0()0-dollar 
photocopier as a practical 
2ift for their host. 

Let's celebrate 

The Cedars retirement 
community, in McPherson. 
Kan., is marking its centen- 
nial in 1993. Among other 
events, an open house is 

planned for May 2. The 
Cedars was originally 
chartered as "The Old Folks 
Infinn and Orphans Home 
Association of the German 
Baptist Brethren. " 

• Elkhart (Ind.) City 
Church of the Brethren 
kicked off its centennial 
observance by holding joint 
services in January with its 
mother church — the Elkhart 
Valley congregation. Special 
events are planned for the 
remainder of 1993. 

• Adrian (Mich.) Church 
of the Brethren managed a 
centennial in 1992. even 
though the congregation was 
only 50 years old! When the 
Brethren organized and 
moved into the vacant 
church building, in 1942. it 
already had served for 50 
years as the home of 
Immanuel Evangelical 
Lutheran church. 

• Elizabethtown (Pa.) 
Church of the Brethren, in 
December, dedicated a new 
three-level addition that 
provides handicap accessibil- 
ity to all levels of its 

• When North County 
Church of the Brethren. San 
Diego. Calif., dedicated its 
new building in January, it 
featured what probably is a 
first for a Brethren church — 
a portable Jacuzzi for a 
baptistry! It hadn't been 
planned that way originally, 
but when city building 
restrictions thwarted all other 
options. North County 
discovered that a Jacuzzi 
honored the letter of the law \ 
at least. So now the church 
can attract new members 
with baptisms that offer 
therapeutic as well as 
spiritual benefits. (Only 

in California . . .) 

.April IW} Messenger 5 


study group 'dumbstruck' 
by reception in Sudan 

The "incredible" reception a Brethren 
study group experienced in Sudan is a 
"sign of the tremendous amount of hope 
people placed" in the visit, said David 


,4 Brethren sliuJy group 
to southern Sudan was 
i>reeted hy people who 
think they have been 
forgotten hy the world. 

Because the nc wj pages include news from varimis 
Church nfthe Brethren organizatlnns and move- 
ments, the acliviiies reported on may represent a 
variety of viewpoints. These pai^es also report on 
other national and internatirmal news relevant to 
Brethren. Information in news articles does not nec- 
essarily represent the opinions of Messenger or the 
Church of the Brethren. 

Radcliff. peace consultant for the Gen- 
eral Board. 

The 12 Brethren had "the first of sev- 
eral incredible experiences" in a camp of 
Sudanese refugees in Kenya, when 
3,000-4,000 people participated in a 
worship service to welcome them. "I was 
dumb-struck," Radcliff said. It was the 
first time he heard a message the group 
received again and again throughout the 
tour — that the people of southern Sudan 
feel forgotten by the world. 

"The most valuable gift we could give 
them was simply remembering and then 
telling" their story, Radcliff said. 

Although the demonstrations to 
welcome the Brethren were carefully 
planned by the relief wing of the Sudan 
People's Liberation Army (SPLA), "not 
far behind that veneer there was a lot of 
human misery," Radcliff said. 

The SPLA is based in the southern, 
mostly Christian part of Sudan, and is 
fighting the northern-based Muslim gov- 
ernment. The northern government has 

engaged in attempts to force Islamic la 
on all the people of Sudan, including tl 
six million southerners. Factions of the 
SPLA are also fighting each other. 
Sometimes both the SPLA and the 
northern government forget about the 
well-being of the people, Radcliff said. 

Leaders in the New Sudan Council 0| 
Churches are speaking on behalf of thej 
people to all parties in the conflict, Ra(' 
cliff added. Church of the Brethren stai 
Roger and Carolyn Schrock and Louis( 
and Phil Reiman are working with the 
NSCC out of Nairobi, Kenya. 

In many ways, the war in Sudan is ii 
dicative of current conflicts around thai 
world, Radcliff said. Because the situa- 
tion is so complex, "all we could do wj 
hope to gain some bit of understanding! 
of this particular one," he said. The 
group attempted to fashion a response 


Construction workcamp with the Church of 
the Brethren in the Dominican Republic. 
April 23-May 4 [contact Monroe Good, 
124 Pinnacle Rd. W., Holtwood, PA 

17532; (410) 2X.5-761.'i or (717) 284- 

Reunion for all past staff members of Camp 
Mack, Milford.Ind., June 5-6 [contact 
Camp Alexander Mack. P.O. Box 1 58, 
Milford, IN 46542; (219) 658-4831 1. 

Sixth annual workcamp on the island of Cu- 
Icbra. P.R., July 27-August 7. Campers 
will work with disadvantaged children and 
do construction [contact Jerry Eller., 1030 
New Hampton Way, Merritt Island, FL 
32953; (407) 452-4659). 

Bikes Not Bombers bicycle trip from Seattle. 
Wash., lo the Fraser Valley, B.C.. Canada, 
August 1 -5. Participants will attend a 
peace conference with Langley Mennonite 
Church August 6-8 and the Abbotsford Air 
Show [contact Christian Peacemaker 
Teams, 1821 W. Cullerton, Chicago, IL 
60608; (312)455-11991. 

Shalom Connections, sponsored by Shalom 
Mission Communities for interested 
in intentional Christian community, at 
Reba Place church, Evanston, III.. October 
I -3 (contact David Jan/.en. 722 Monroe, 
Evanston, IL 60202; (708)475-8715). 

6 Messenger April 1993 

rethren and Christians, and concluded 
lat conflicts like this are so complicated 
lat a long-term commitment is 
•quired by anyone wanting to contribute 
,) a resolution. 

[ "We saw the importance of being wil- 
:ng to be in dialog with all parties in a 
onflict. including the soldiers." Radcliff 
liid, adding that peacemakers have to 
y to understand the positions of all 
des, even if they can never agree with 
5rtain positions. 

The Brethren also found out how 
iiuch power is implicit in US citizen- 
lip. The southern Sudanese greeted 
lem as "the 12 disciples of Clinton." 
rid regarded a relationship with US 
itizens as a means of changing their 
ituation, Radcliff said. 
] The group included Washington Office 
lirector Tim McElwee: Ernest Bolz, of 
onasket. Wash.; Sarah Ann Bowman, 
!f Boones Mill, Va.; Rocci Hildum, of 
an Diego. Calif.: John Jones, of Myrtle 
joint. Ore.; Judith Kipp, of Manheim, 
la.; Andy Loomis, of State College, Pa.; 
"lary Mason, of Sebring, Fla.; Glenn 
llitchell, of Boalsburg. Pa.; Paul Brun 
,>el Re, of Lansing, Mich.; and E. Paul 
iv'eaver, of Everett. Pa. 

)iscipleship training center 
ipens in Pacific Southiwest 

pis month marked the beginning of a 
ew Discipleship Training Center in 
,'acific Southwest District. 
I The center, located in the mountains 
ust east of San Diego, Calif., was 
ireated by two southern California 
tastors. Gilbert Romero, of the Bella 
I'ista Church of the Brethren in Los 
Angeles, and Mark Edwards. 
The program is designed to "not only 
ike people off the street, but to help 
lem spiritually, physically, emotionally, 
sychologically, and vocationally, and 
ive them a skill so they can get back 
ito society," said Edwards. "Not 
veryone can attend because some people 
/ant help the wrong way." 
The former Christian retreat center 
ill house approximately 40 students 

SERRV aids Costa Rican 
coffee farmer cooperative 

Coocafe general manager Carlos 
Murillo Solano (above right) met with 
SERRV director Robert Chase during 
a visit to the US funded by the Breth- 
ren self-help handcrafts program. 

A cooperative of small fanners in 
Costa Rica, Coocafe markets Cafe 
Foresta, generating 25 cents a pac- 
kage for reforestation, and Cafe Paz, 
which is processed and packaged by 

and 10 staff. The staff will include one or 
two full-time pastors. The program will 
run for about nine month for each 
student, on a revolvmg basis. According 
to Edwards, most of the people who will 
attend will be homeless or dealing with 
other social problems. 

The cost for each student will be 
approximately $700 a month, but 
students will only be charged the amount 
given to them by the state through 
programs such as general relief. 

Each enrolled student will attend a 
mandatory pre-screening of one to two 
months before being enrolled. The pre- 
screening is designed to find out what 
the real problems are and to determine 
that the person is committed to the 

Regional Occupation Program (ROP) 
representatives will he on-site to help 
offer vocational and job skills to the 
students. There will be specific courses 
for each student to complete while at the 
training center. A psychologist will also 
be on the grounds part of the time to 

its producers. 

Following SERRV "s purchase of 
10,000 packages of Cafe Paz in 1991, 
Coocafe was able to demonstrate to 
buyers in Europe that it could pro- 
duce, process, and package a gour- 
met-quality coffee and ship it quickly 
to the large markets of the northern 
hemisphere. The company recently 
shipped an order of a million pack- 
ages of Cafe Foresta to Europe. 

SERRV is investigating other Coo- 
cafe products, such as plaintain chips. 

assist with emotional and psychological 

Each student will receive a diploma at 
the end of the program. 

Dominican assembly accepts 
tliree new congregations 

The second annual assembly of Brethren 
in the Dominican Republic, held January 
21-23. added three new congregations to 
the seven existing Brethren churches in 
the island nation. 

Meeting on the theme. "Strengthened 
in the Power of the Lord." the 1 10 par- 
ticipants also approved goals for the next 
few years. General Board Caribbean rep- 
resentative Yvonne Dilling reported that 
the Dominicans have designated this 
year as a time for internal strengthening, 
placing a high priority on leadership 
training and theological education. In 
1994 the churches will focus on growth, 
and in 1995 on development. 

April 194.1 Messenger? 


Brethren Vision for the '90s 
continues fund raising 

More than SI 1 million has been com- 
mitted to the Brethren Vision for the 
"90s campaign, as of January. The 
program raises funds for the denom- 
ination's Goals for the "QOs. 

The emphases for this decade are 
evangelism and witness, Nouth and 
famil> ministries, peace and service. 
scripture and heritage, and leadership 
and spiritual renev\al. 

General Board staff hoped to raise 
SIO million in the campaign. $6.75 
million in cash gifts and the balance 
in deferred gifts. Onl) S3 million has 
been committed in cash gifts and $8 

million is committed in 73 deferred gifts. 

Program developments the Board 
hopes to fund through Brethren Vision 
cash resources include expansion of 
youth and young adult ministries, expan- 
sion of evangelism ministries including 
the new center for evangelism and con- 
gregational vitality, a family ministries 
emphasis, work in the Dominican Re- 
public and Korea, additional global hun- 
ger responses, and expanded ministry 
training for small congregations. 

The Board's Goals for the '90s plan 
calls for more than $4.5 million in new 
funds to be allocated to several specific 
programs through 1996 (see chart). Also 
included are projects such as the Lafiya 
plan for congregationally based holistic 

health care and new medical staff 
housing in Puerto Rico. 

Phase III of Brethren Vision begins 
this year as a Board/district partner- 
ship in many districts, seeking indiv- 
iduals who can contribute between 
$1,000 and $5,000. Phase I. which is 
nearing completion, sought larger 
advance gifts from individuals and 
Phase II encouraged congregations to 
increase their Brethren outreach 
giving by 10 percent. 

New programs beginning this year 
include production of heritage ma- 
terials, development at the historic 
Germantown church, ministry train- 
ing, black ministries, and a Brethren 
identity media campaign. 



Brethren Vision for the '905 300,000 

^outh 62.500 


Evangelism Program 25.000 

New Church Development 

Leadership Support 

Brethren Identity Media Campaign 

Ethnic Ministries 

New Overseas (Korea, Dominican Republic. Sudan) 
Total 50.000 

Sudan Development (Global Hunger) 

Familv Life 

Congregational Resourcing 

Heritage Materials 



.Ministry Training 

Brethren & Black Americans 

Urban Ministries/Violence 
Black Ministries 























325,000 3,150,000 

















1 39.250 














































15. .500 


1 6,000 













1 1 ,000 




683.000 3,142.500 

8 Messenger April 1993 

Eleanor Rowe 

Personnel director retires 
from New Windsor center 

lEleanor Rowe, director of personnel at 
the New Windsor (Md.) Service Center, 
will retire in 
August. Her last 
day on the job will 
be July 30. She has 
been employed in 
the center's human 
resources depart- 
ment for 1 7 years. 

Hispanic Assembly elects 
new leadership group 

iNew Hispanic Brethren leaders were 
iphosen during a Hispanic Assembly in 

The new Hispanic network committee 
includes Luis Bustillo, pastor of the 
Vlision de Jesiis in McFarland. Calif.; 
Fausto Carrasco. representing Brethren 
n the Dominican Republic: Gilberto 
paytan. pastor of the Iglesia Evangelica 
Knabautista in South Bend. Ind.; Jaime 
pantoja. pastor of the Centre Cristiano 
jVida Abundante in Levittown, P.R.; 
jSenjamin Perez, pastor of Hermanos en 
'rristo in Bradenton. Fia.: Luis Perez, 
castor of the Puerta del Cielo congrega- 
ion in Reading, Pa.; Mirriam Pillot. of 
he Cristo Nuestra Paz church in Vega 
iaja, P.R.; and David D. See. of Broad- 
vay, Va. 

3ethany students explore 
opportunities at Richmond 

[5ethany Seminary students met with 
'iarlham School of Religion faculty and 
tudents in February to explore both op- 
lortunities and problems that may be en- 
ountered in affiliation of the schools. 
Bethany, currently in Oak Brook. 111. 
» moving to the Earlham campus in 
Richmond. Ind.. in the fall of 1994. The 
ampus accommodates both ESR and the 
ndergraduate Earlham College, both of 
'hich are related to the Society of 

Brethren Volunteer Service (BVS) Unit 205 completed three weeks of orientation 

in Chicago, III.. January 10-30. Unit members are: (front row) Chris Power. Brian 
Kruschwitz; (second row) Carmen Yeager. Brian Messier. Elizabeth Richardson. 
Barbara Sayler (orientation assistant): (third row) David Watson, Chad Fahnestock. 
Scott Garvey. Paul Simpson. Rachel Christina. Cathleen Bridgeman. Andrea Loffe- 
holz; (back row) Erjan Aissabaev. Paul Schiesser, Victoria Smith. Michael Matherly. 
Tammy Krause Riddle (orientation coordinator), LuAnne Harley (recruitment assis- 
tant). Jessica Bamhill, David Grosso, Janice Hoess. 

Friends (Quakers). 

Bethany students attended regularly 
scheduled ESR classes as well as a series 
of "mini classes" given by ESR faculty to 
show the range of academic offerings. 
The Brethren and Quakers also wor- 
shiped and sang together, and enjoyed an 
evening of entertainment that showed off 
the talents of both groups. 

In a session on the subject. "What does 
it mean to be Brethren and Quaker?" 
both groups talked about the heart of 
their faith. Brethren students heard 
Quakers talk about faith in the leading of 
God. the importance of listening, con- 
cern for the inward life and the fruits of 
the Spirit, and blending of the secular 
and sacred in a holistic lifestyle. 

Bethany students talked about the im- 
portance of community in the Brethren 
tradition, feetwashing as a symbol of 
love in the spirit of Jesus, and the New 
Testament and the life of Jesus Christ as 
a guide for living. "We are a statement 

that's in progress." said Bethany student 
Judy Mills Reimer. who mentioned the 
"holy tension" within the denomination. 

In the closing meeting of the two-day 
visit, students expressed hope in the 
spirit of openness of the two schools, but 
also said that Bethany and ESR may ex- 
perience conflict at some points of their 
faith traditions, such as differences in 
styles of worship and the Brethren em- 
phasis on community as opposed to the 
Quaker leaning toward individuality. 
"Non-Christian" Quakers at ESR may 
also come into conflict with the Christo- 
centric Brethren. 

The dedication of a peace pole during 
the visit symbolized strong traits the two 
traditions have in common, as unique 
"cultures" that share a concern for peace 
and justice, an involvement in service, 
and a global emphasis. 

The Bethany students also met briefly 
w ith area Brethren who make up a joint 
district relocation support committee. 

.April IW.i Messenger 9 

The two million people displaced in Bosnia-Herzegovina, 
Serbia, and Croatia have been allocated millions of relief dollars by 
Cfiurcfi World Service, which has given $1,440,000 from its Blanket 
Program, $3 million in medical supplies, and $175,000 for other 
needs. CWS also has helped provide $4.4 million in USAID food aid 
and funds for winterization. As of mid-February, more medical sup- 
plies valued at $3 million were being prepared for shipment. 

Rape is used as a 'weapon of war' in the conflict in the 

former Yugoslavia, according to an ecumenical group of women who 
visited Croatia in December. The women urged an international 
response especially to what they described as a "sophisticated 
strategy" of raping Bosnian women, most of them Muslim. However, 
rape and other human rights violations are taking place on all sides of 
the conflict, they said. Team members included Genevieve Camus- 
Jacques, general secretary of the French ecumenical aid organization 
CIMADE. IViargot Kaessmann, a German pastor and member of the 
executive committee of the World Council of Churches, and three 
WCC staff members. 

The Nestle boycott is being intensified. The International 
Nestle Boycott Committee, including UNICEF representatives, and 
delegates from 14 countries, decided in December to intensify the 
boycott because Nestle continues to use questionable tactics in mar- 
keting baby milk products, despite promises it made in 1984 to restrict 
such practices. 

President Clinton earned high marks from the National Coun- 
cil of Churches for his first State of the Union message in February. 
"He calls us away from living well at the expense of others," said NCC 
general secretary Joan Campbell. "He puts fonward proposals aimed 
at securing a more certain future for our children and grandchildren." 

Pope John Paul II will celebrate mass on World Youth Day, 
August 15. in Denver, Colo. The event is expected to draw 150,000 
youth from around the world, nearly half a million people in all. 

Women seminarians made up 30.1 percent of total enroll- 
ment in the 208 member schools of the Association of Theological 
Schools in the US and Canada in 1991, an increase of 3.3 percent 
over 1990. The number of women in seminary has increased steadily 

In November, Church World Service sent $1 million worth of blankets 
to the former Yugoslavia, to aid needy children such as this boy. 

each year for at least two decades. The enrollment of African Amer- 
icans and students from Asia and the Pacific Islands also continued t 
increase, but the number of Hispanic Americans declined, 

Tahan Jones, the last conscientious objector to the gulf war t; 
be adopted by Amnesty International as a Prisoner of Conscience, | 
was released December 30 from the brig at Camp Lejeune, N.C. j 
Jones was convicted of unauthorized absence and missing troop j 
movement, and sentenced last June to eight months, a dishonorablel 
discharge, forfeiture of pay, and reduction in rank. Originally he faceci 
the death penalty, having been charged with desertion in time of war! 

Fragments of the Dead Sea Scrolls will be displayed at 
the Library of Congress April 22-July 1 1 and at the New York Public 
Library beginning October 2. Several major fragments will be on viev 
including the earliest known texts of parts of the Old Testament bool' 
of Psalms, Leviticus, and Hosea. 

New Windsor prepares 
shipment to Moscow 

Medical supplies worth S4.X million 
were prepared for a February airlift to 
Moscow by the distribution center at the 
Church of the Brethren New Windsor 
(Md.) Service Center. 

Sponsored by the United Methodist 
Board of Global Ministries and supplied 
by Interchurch Medical Assistance, the 
TO.CKX) pounds of supplies will be dis- 

10 Mes.<ienger April 1993 

trihutcd to several hospitals in Moscow. 

The General Board's disaster relief 
office is also supporting interfaith work 
following flooding in Arizona. As of 
mid-February, Church of the Brethren 
volunteers from Pacific Southwest Dis- 
trict were already engaged in repair work 
in Arizona. An Emergency Disaster 
Fund allocation of $20,000 was granted 
to support relief efforts in Arizona and in 
California, where heavy winter rains 
caused mud slides. 

Study guide released 
for creation statement 

A four-.session study guide on the An- 
nual Conference statement, "Creation: 
Called to Care" is now available. 

The guide features sessions on a Chr; 
tian view of the environment, creation 
and justice, roots of the ecological crisi 
and a call to action. It will be supplied 
with each order for the statement, whic 
is available in booklet form. 

te cirdi 

by Paul E. R. Mundey Create a brochure 

Oakland Church of the 
Brethren, near Gettysburg. 
Ohio, is one of the 
denomination's fastest 
growing congregations. 
Recently it developed a nev. 
church brochure in conjunc- 
tion with the construction of 
its new facility. 

In designing the piece. 
Oakland followed consultant 

lance of scripture, and the 
need to live out one's faith 
in community. 

As pastor Fred Bemhard 
recounts. "The issue that 
created the most discussion 
centered around how we 
would list the name of our 
church — Oakland or Oak- 
land Church of the Brethren. 
We were aware that the 
community commonly refers 
to us as ""Oakland." so the 
committee decided to use 
""Oakland" on the brochure's 

>" The Church Ahve" is an 

yangelism column ihai appears 
^( hree rimes a year. 

Herb Miller's counsel, 
placing priority information 
in the upper left-hand comer 
of the inside panel (because 
that's where the reader's eye 
is first drawn). In that spot, 
the congregation's strengths 
are listed. Immediately 
below, Sunday morning 
options and times are 
spelled out. 

On the right-hand side of 
the inside panel, various 
program opportunities are 
listed. On the back of the 
brochure, a general 
affirmation of denomina- 
tional affiliation is included, 
which focuses on Christ- 
centeredness. the impor- 

front cover and refer to our 
denominational affiliation on 
the back. This decision was 
also based on the fact that 
today's "seekers" choose a 
church, not a dciuwuiiation." 

As to general design, 
Oakland once again followed 
Herb Miller's counsel, utiliz- 
ing two colors for greater 
readership. With the help of 
a marketing consultant, teal 
lettering was chosen, with a 
mauve accent on a paper h\ 
Strathmore called "Renewal 
Spackle." This was selected 
because of the visible fibers 
running through the paper. 

\>.hich gi\'e it a natural and 
wholesome look. 

For a sample of Oakland's 
e.xcellent brochure, call or 
write Evangelism Ministries, 
1451 Dundee Ave.. Elgin. IL 
60120. Tel. (800) 323-^8039. 

Keep 'em happy 

The following listing was 
discovered in a financial 
planning magazine. It says a 
lot about attracting and serv- 
ing potential customers . . . 
and church members. 

• Dissatisfied customers 
tell an average of 10 other 
people about their bad exper- 
ience: 12 percent tell up to 
20 other people. 

• Satisfied customers w ill 
tell an average of five people 
about their positive experi- 

• If 20 customers are 
dissatisfied with \'our ser\ ice. 
19 won't tell you. Fourteen 
of the 20 will take their 
business elsewhere. 

• The first 30 seconds of a 
phone call or meeting set the 
tone for the remainder of the 
contact. The last 30 seconds 
are critical to establishing 
lasting rapport. 

• Among dissatisfied 
customers. 93 percent will 
become loyal customers 
again if their complaints are 
handled well and quickly. 

How are your customer/ 
member service skills? .'\re 
there areas that need sharp- 
ening, as you continue 
to reach out' 


Paul Muihlcy is llie General 
Baaiil's staff fur e\anf;elisnL 

.April IW.^ Messenger 11 

I will 

by Frank Ramirez 

King Dav: ■ • 

coveih jn 

\va e 


>'i\.t> ill . \ . 

I ,i^,'c is a coiiii^^ lion 




"When rlwy came to the threshlii}; floor 
of Ntieon. Uzzuh reaehed out his hand to 
the ark of God and took hold of It, for 
the o.xen shook It. The anger of the Lord 
was kindled against Uzzah: and God 
struck him there because he reached out 
his hand to the ark: and he died there 
beside the ark of God" (2 Sam. 6:6-7). 

As a child. I was appalled when I came 
upon the story of Uzzah and the ark of 
the covenant. 

It was so unfair. 

The story, as we have it in 2 Samuel 6, 
may be simply told. King David unified 
the northern and southern kingdoms 
and conquered Jerusalem to make it his 
own District of Columbia. Then, in an 
effort to make his capital secure, he 
prepared to take the ark of the covenant 
to the holy city. There was great singing 
and dancing. 

Suddenly the ark began to fall. Uzzah, 
reacting as most of us would, reached out 
to prevent this terrible calamity. For his 
pains, he was struck dead. 

As a student in a parochial school, 1 
was told this story w as a "mystery.'" 
We students had quickly learned that 
"mys-tery," when applied to God. was a 
syno-nym for "Shut up, if you know 
what's good for you." 

We would understand mysteries, we 
were told, in the next life. For now, we 
had to accept them. 

I couldn't accept this story. Uzzah did 
what 1 would have done. I Just knew it. 
Here I was, eight years old. and I would 
have been as dead as he. 

What a displaced California kid atten- 
ding Holy Trinity School in Norfolk. 
Va., at the height of the Civil War 
Centennial, where even the nuns 
believed that the South would rise again, 
would be doing in a sacred processional 
near the threshing floor of Nacon is 
something I can't explain. Never mind. 
But 1 saw myself there very clearly. 

Whf) wouldn't put a hand out to 
protect the ark.' 

Things change. 

Over the years I have come to know 
that sometimes, if scripture is to be 

claimed, it must be wrestled with. Jacob 
knew something about this. 

Now I recognize it as David's story. I 
is God's story. 

And I have claimed it as my story 
as well. 

As is often the case, it is necessary to 
put the story into a larger context. 
Decades after his anointing, David hasi 
become king. In his search for security j 
he unifies Israel, and now needs a 
capital. Jerusalem, newly conquered, w 
serve well. Like Washington, D.C., it 
belongs to no tribe. 

So David moves the ark to his new 
capital. What else could make his city 
more secure? 

What a marvelous object this ark is, 
contains two relics. The first is the 
manna. The name itself is the Hebrew 
question MIn ha'!: "What is it?" Al- 
though no one exactly identifies what 
manna is made of. the surviving sampi' 
remained a tangible proof of God's lovi 
and care. (See Exodus 16:13-36.) 


. he ark also contains the Ten Com- 
mandments. Here is further proof of 
God's love and concern. 

On each end of the atonement cover 
are the golden cherubim, with wings 
spread over the ark. The box is the 
earthly throne of Yahweh, the king of 
heaven and earth. 

Yahweh of hosts. Lord of human 
armies, heavenly creatures, sun. moon 
and stars is especially present here. 

Now it is to be transported to Jerusa 
lem. It is a time of great rejoicing. The 
is singing and dancing. 

And David has a new cart built for t 
journey. Pulled by oxen, it leaves the 
home of Abinadab. high on a hill. His 
two sons Uzzah and Ahio guide the ca 

Then disaster strikes. 

What was Uzzah's error? 

According to some rabbis, he shoulc 
have realized the fall of the ark was a 
sign from God. It was Yahweh's way ( 
stopping the procession. Preventing thf 
fall limited God's freedom. 

But to my mind, the fault lay with 
King David. He did not read the 

12 Messenger April 1993 

struction manual. 

The account in 1 Chronicles 15 makes 
clear that David had ignored the bibli- 
il instructions regarding the trans- 

ortation of the ark. Specifically, 
svites should have been involved in 
e transport. 

] While it was David's fault, another 
ed. Sadly, that is often the way of the 
odd. How often do we read of a drunk 

liver who escapes unharmed from an 

Ixident that claims the lives of an entire 
mily of innocents? 
There are no solitary sins. As a 
immunity, we are all connected to each 
her. If v(>;( do not wear vour seat belt. 

br instance, your mjury may raise my 

Isurance rates. 

, Still, death for Uzzah? 

I We sometimes forget that while God is 

Dod. he is also dangerous — in the 

ime wa\ that electricity is dangerous. 

me day an otherwise careful lineman 

lay neglect to remove his wedding 

ifig. make a mistake, and get electro- 

jited. There is no appeal to such an 

'stant death. 

' Strange to say, it is dangerous to get 

|o close to God. It is also good beyond 

jords to do so. 

I think of hymns such as "In the 
arden," with the lines ""And he walks 
ith me and he talks with. . . ."" Or. 

i)w about "1 walked today where 

[sus walked. . . ." 

JDo you really want to walk with Jesus? 

I is dangerous. 
Jesus, as he walked on the water, 

bmmanded Peter to walk toward him. 

le later told Peter that someday his 
alk would take him where he did not 

iish to go. 

When Moses descended from the 
ountain, his face was so bright it was 

npossible to look directly at him. 
And Jacob, wrestling with God. 
nped forever afterward. 
Still, when Jesus calls us. as he did 

lomas, calling upon us to put our 

hgers in the holy wounds, we do not 

|k, "Dare we touch?" but rather, ""Dare 

|e refuse?" 

Approach the holy of holies. Uzzah 
ed. To die in the service of God, to take 

on the sin of another, is not the worst 
thing that could happen. Uzzah touched 
the holiest thing in the world — and died. 
We all could do worse. 

But David? Ah. David. The King of 
Israel had no choice. Stripped of his 
assumptions, forced to examine himself. 
He becomes open, then vulnerable. 
David confronted the death of Uzzah. 
His reactions match the classic five 
stages of grief: denial, anger, bargaining, 
depression, and acceptance. So the text: 
""David was angry because the 
Lord had burst forth with an 
outburst upon Uzzah (anger); so 
that place is called Perez- 
Uzzah, to this day. David was 
afraid of the Lord that day 
(depression): he said. "How can 
the ark come into my care?' 
(denial). So David was unwill- 
ing to take the ark of the Lord 
into ... the city of David; 
instead David took it to the 
house of Obed-edom the Gittite 
(bargaining)" (2 Sam. 6:8-10). 
The final stage of grief — acceptance — 
comes when David receives the new s 
that Obed-edom has been blessed. David 
again attempts to bring the ark of the 
covenant back to his capital. 


nee. when I was driving through 
Kansas. I came upon a sign warning me 
that nuclear weapons were being 
transported in unmarked trucks! In 
addition to resolving to pass no one for 
the next hundred miles. I spent time 
thinking of how carefully the drivers 
must transport such dangerous cargo. 

King David is moving something far 
more dangerous than mere bombs: This 
is the throne of absolute good, which, 
unshielded, could dissolve the whole 
world into a blessed mist. But David 
celebrates his forgiveness. As scripture 
tells us. he "danced before the Lord with 
all his might" (1 Sam. 6:14). 

Stripped of his illusions, freed from his 
desire for security, having passed 
through the fire of deathwork, David is 
forced to confront his vulnerability. 

His actions, to my mind, are the 

greatest of his reign, and the most 
applicable to our own lives. 

David accepts forgiveness. 

He not only accepts forgiveness, he 
lives it. Most of us are willing to admit 
we are forgiven, but. in a furtive fashion, 
we do not quite believe it. God may 
forgive anything and anyone — except us. 

But David demonstrates that when you 
are truly forgiven you have nothing to 
lose, nothing to hide, nothing to worry 
about. The parade picks up right where 
it left off. This time, however, he 
follows the instructions. Levites are in 
the procession. 

The one essential bit of baggage that 
the truly vulnerable and forgiven lose is 
their false dignity. Real dignity is an 
indefinable quality that is displayed best 
by those who have no awareness of it. 
Rex Stout once said through the mouth 
of his detective Nero Wolfe, '"To assert 
dignity is to lose it." 

X^alse dignity is pride unmasked. Pride 
is the least savory of sins, for as the 
demon Screw tape of the C.S. Lewis 
novel once noted, it gi\es no physical 
pleasure in return. 

Once, when I was on the operating 
table, a nurse apologized to me for lifting 
my gown to make a surgical mark. I told 
her not to worry, because in 60 seconds I 
would be totally under, and they would 
be hiking up the gown anywav. Surgery 
is no place for dignity. 

And neither. King David demon- 
strates, is a procession for the ark. There 
is, after all, only one real king. David 
was wearing an ephod. That is a priestK 
garment, a loose pullover that descends 
to hip length, not unlike a one-size-fits- 
all hospital gown. 

And in this skimpy attire David 
cavorts, dancing vvildl> . In the process he 
exposes himself accidentally. This wild 
dancing is part of the healing process, 
not unlike the meals that follow funerals, 
in which food and drink, laughter and 
tears, mix together in unlikely combina- 
tions. And appropriateh . a great feast 
follows, in which all eat and celebrate as 
the ark comes to its new home. 

April 1043 Messenger 13 

But ne^ matter what _\ou do, some 
people are going to take offense. As 
Jesus put it: 

■■ "We played the flute for you. 
and you did not dance: 

we wailed, and >ou did not 
weep' " (Luke 7:32b). 

David comes home to be ridiculed by 
his wife. Michal. daughter of Saul: 
■■ "How the king of Israel honored 
himself today, uncovering himself toda\' 
before the eyes of his servants" maids, as 
any vulgar fellow might shamelessly 
uncover himself " (2 Sam. 6:20). 

David's response? " 'I will make 
myself yet more contemptible than 
this, and 1 will be abased in my own 
eyes ...""' (2 Sam. 6:22 1. 

The king makes it clear his intent was 
not to expose but to debase himself, in a 
manner that one who is trul_\ forgiven 
will assume — a mode of celebration. 
This abasement, this openness, this 
\ulnerability is an essential part of our 
response to God. 

This scandal is hard to swallow. 
Indeed, so difficult is it to acknowledge 
that the ultimate Christian abasement 
was not pictured for 500 more years. 
Jesus hung naked on the cross, tortured 
on an instrument reserved for scum. And 
five centuries passed after Jesus' death 
before there was an authentic Christian 
depiction of the crucifixion. 

Paul comes close to this abasement, 
when, after listing his many accomplish- 
ments, he writes, "I count it all .skiihalos" 
(Phil 3:9), a vulgarism we knew as the "s 
word" in my boyhood. 

In my Church of the Brethren tradi- 
tion, we may say every year, "I will make 
m>'self yet more contemptible than this," 
w hen on Maund>' Thursday we gather for 
feetwashing. Here is a procession of 
glory, an entrance into the presence of 
the holy. Descending to a knee, we wash 
each other's feet, share the holy kiss, and 
celebrate the love feast in a meal 

Every spring 1 remind my congrega- 

tion that it takes the special gift of j 
vulnerability to allow ourselves to 
uncover that part of our body of which! 
we are least proud — our feet. The diffi! 
culty lies in the fact that few people lo 
upon their feet as pretty. Yet in follow 
the command of Jesus in John 13:14, • 
come as close as we may to the presen 
of the Lord, and proclaim a symbol w( 
seek to live out in the rest of our lives- 
service in emulation of our Lord. 

I have wrestled long with scripture ; 
see this account as a tale about David 
and not Uzzah. and to grow in admira 
tion for him. This journey has parallel 
my own acceptance of feetwashing as 
Christian ordinance, one which I belie 
all brothers and sisters in Christ are 
called to do. 

Michal rejected this life of celebrati 
King David embraced it. And the true 
davidic king lived it, even unto 
the cross — and beyond. 

Frank Ramirez is pastor of Elkhart Valley 
Church of the Brethren. Elkhart, hid. 

Resurrection scars 

by Ryan Ahlgrim 

One fall afternoon, mans years ago. I 
climbed a tree in the backyard. As I 
made my way down, the branches broke. 
I fell 15 feet, and then my left leg hit a 
metal fence. My femur shattered. The 
doctors cut open my leg to remove bone 
fragments and to piece together my 
femur. Today my left leg is all healed, 
but the accident did make a difference: 
My left leg is about an inch shorter than 
my right leg. and a thick scar now runs 
down 1 1 inches of my leg. I'm healed, 
but the scar remains. 

In John 20. we are told something 
amazing: Jesus is resurrected to new life, 
but the scars remain. The resurrection is 
the epitome of hope and wholeness — and 
yet the resurrection still has scars. Jesus 
displays gaping holes in his hands and 
feet and side. 

Why? Why didn't God take away the 
scars of the crucifixion? Why did God 

allow the ugly results of public execution 
to remain in the resurrection? Surely 
God could have given Jesus a resurrec- 
tion body free from blemish. But God let 
the scars remain. 

The scars connect Jesus' resurrection 
with real life. When some people walk 
through the doors of a church, they 
leave reality behind. The hard facts of 
prejudice and politics, brutality and 
bombs, are left unengaged. Behind the 
colored windows, a fantasy is created 
that has little connection with reality on 
the other side of the windows. But the 
scars of the resurrection say, "No!" Even 
our most fantastic hope — resurrection to 
new life — is scarred by the reality of 
crucifixion. Even the resurrection bears 
the marks of sweat and blood, suffering 
and death. 

The Easter message is so overwhelm- 
ingly good, it is difficult for us to take it 
seriously. We have a tendency to roman- 
ticize it, trivialize it, and make it cute. 

Too often our Easter celebrations are 
little more than a nature festival fillet 
with the pleasant symbolism of butter 
flies or — worse — bunnies and colored 
eggs. But the scars of the resurrection 
say. "No!" Jesus' resurrection is not a 
pretty metaphor of fertility. It's blood; 
It's got gashes in its hands and feet ai 
side. The resurrection will not allow i 
to forget that it is about real life and f 
real life. 

Another reason the scars remain is 
that the scars connect the resurrected 
Christ with the historical Jesus. On 
several occasions, the Gospels tell us 
disciples were at first unsure of the 
resurrected Jesus" identity. For instan 
Luke 24:36-39 states, "While they we 
talking about this, Jesus himself stooi 
among them. . . . TTiey were startled 
and terrified, and thought that they 
were seeing a ghost. He said to them, 
'Why are you frightened, and why do 
(conliniied on page 16) 

14 Messenger April 1993 

'Lines from the 
quiet at Serra 
Retreat Center, 
iMarch 17, 1992 

by Charles R. Simmons 

Perched on the cross 
The bird sat. 
jNot on the crossbeam 
But on the top. 

j[s this some arrogant heretic 

Claiming the apex for himself. 

Crowning himself 

jDn the sign of the Son? 

-lere, of all places, 

Ooes the bird know 

where he is. 

|rhat someone is watching? 


iihould the bird be reported? 
Phis place is Franciscan, 
I'erhaps the Francis connection 
llan bring that bird — 
itVell, not to his knees — 
|iut down to lesser heights. 

jfhen, again 

\Ks the cross is sign — 

!)f love, full love 
^s the cross is sign 
)f death — complete death 

*^s the cross is sign 
>f silence — when the world wails 


:\\s the cross is sign 

Of God's last word ' 

Jttered on a dark Friday 

i'erhaps that bird — 


,pid I hear a coo? 

I'erhaps that bird 

Took wing to say 
(on a day of Lent): 

Remember that same Spirit 

Which came bird-like with wings 

and wonder 

Has come again 

To speak another word 

Of life and love. 

On the cross 
An ordinary bird 
Is sign 
Of Spirit 

And on an ordinary day 

Something like a bird 

Or breeze or blossom 

May come to crossed and confused lives. 

Something like a bird 

May come with wings and wonder ^ 

To remind us j^v^ 

That suffering and death. 

Even ours. 

May be blessed 

By light-winged doves 

Coming to touch us 

Bearing benedictions 

From who knows 


Charles R. ( "Chuck" ) Simmons is pastor of 
Heme! (Calif.) United Methodist church. His work 
has appeared in Messenger before. His journalist 
son Steve once sened as an editorial assistant with 
Messenger and his artist son Phil has done 
Messenger covers and other illustrations. 

April 1993 Messenger 15 

When Jesus first appeared lo his disciples, in the Gospel of John. Thomas was not 
present, and he claimed he woidd not believe Jesus was livini^ until he put his hands in 
his scars. If the scars were not there, then it couldn't he Jesus the crucified. 

I continued from pa^e 14) 
doubts arise in your hearts? Look at my 
hands and feet: see that it is I myself " 
(NRSV). TTie scars identify this resur- 
rected person. Hie scars connect him 
with the historical Jesus. 

From a conventional perspective, that 
is a bizarre way for Jesus to identify 
himself. One would expect Jesus to draw 
attention to visual recognition: "Look at 
my face: see that it is I myself."' Or to 
appeal to memor>': "Peter, remember 
the time we went down to Capernaum 
and. . . ." But significantly. Jesus" identi- 
fication card was his scars. In John 20:20 

the first thing the resurrected Jesus did 
was show his disciples his scars — before 
they even had asked to see them. But 
Jesus automatically and immediately 
displayed his scars because the most 
crucial element of his identity was his 
crucifixion. His identity was based upon 
his self-giving love and obedience that 
went all the way to death. 

When Jesus first appeared to his 
disciples, in the Gospel of John. Thomas 
was not present, and he claimed he 
would not believe Jesus was living until 
he put his hands in those scars. We 
sometimes demean Thomas for his 

skepticism, but actually he was very 
wise. Because if the scars weren't there 
if there were no marks of self-giving, it 
wasn't Jesus. Thomas is quite right. 

We should be as skeptical as Thomas 
When people suggest. "Jesus wants you 
to own a BMW" or "Jesus wants you toi 
support this politician"' or "Jesus wants 
you to give me your money,"' how do W' 
know if it"s Jesus who wants it, or if it' 
a self-centered, short-sighted demonic 
vision? Demand to see the scars of the 
crucifixion. Demand to see the signs of 
self-giving love. If those scars are there 
it is Jesus. 

Even without my face, voice, or 
fingerprints, I always can be identified 
by the scar on my left leg. It's not a 
pretty scar, and I wish I had never 
broken my leg. Yet the scar reminds mi 
of my past, of being a 13-year-old boy | 
who loved climbing trees. This scar is j 
part of who I am. And so it is with Jesu) 
scars. That means we cannot separate tj 
ever-living Lord from the man of i 

Nazareth. The two are one: they share | 
the same scars. We must always read tH 
Gospels to see once again who the i 
resurrected Christ is. i 

Still another reason why the scars I 
remain: They connect the resurrection jj 
w ith the way of the cross. Without self) 
giving, there is no resurrection. WithoiJ 
losing oneself, there is no finding one 
self Where there is no death to self, 
there is no new life. The scars must be 
the resurrection, because the crucitlxio 
is the only way the resurrection can 
happen. So when Jesus showed his 
disciples his scars, he was showing us 
the way to new life — self-giving love, 
even to the point of death. 

The Gospel of John tells us that aftei 
displaying his scars, Jesus said, ""Peace 
be with you." Ultimately, the presence 
scars in the resurrection is not troublin 
Rather, the scars give tlesh to our faith 
join heaven and earth, and establish 
peace. Resurrection scars confirm that j 
the Lord Jesus is rr^ 

truly with us. 1*^ 

Ryan Alilgrim i.s pcislor of Peoiia-Nonh 
Mennonite church, in Peoria, III, 

16 Messenger April 1993 

»y Cheryl Cayford 

/ho are the Brethren in Brazil? That's 
question Bethany Seminary and 
lanchester College students set out 

answer during a January study trip 


We found out that the Brazilian 
rethren — the ComunidaJe Pacifism 
rista. or "Tunkers," as they call them- 
Ives — are more welcoming, loving, 
id giving than we could have imagined. 

recitation of names that ha\ e become 

dear — Luciano. Eulalio. Shirley, 
jariluce. Derich. Marco Aurelio. 
Iltituri. Silene. Cleiton — cannot convey 
le love that we found in them. 
\\ began to understand the nature of the 
jjnkers when, after our first day in 
razil. I realized that our group would 
iver be just the 15 who traveled from 
ie US. We were accompanied by 
linker pastor Onaldo Pereira, who was 
<ir guide and became our mentor, and 
\ his assistant and housemate 
!j!rich Rodrigues. 

,JBut by the time we arrived at the 
I'ach that first aftemoon in Rio de 
.neiro. we were also accompanied by 
, Australian law student who happened 
1 be staying at our hostel, plus three 
lends of Onaldo's from various places 
i) Brazil. One of them — Paulo — 
ilplained that he had read an article by 
'.laldo. began to correspond with him. 
dd took the opportunity of visiting Rio 
'iiile we were there. 

Jhroughout the trip we met a series of 
iiiers also interested in the church or in 
linker ideas, who met our group or 
Vited Rio Verde, the city where the 
I urch is located, during the week we 
Vyed there. In fact, everyone was so 
vlcome at church functions that it was 

ficult at first to figure out who was a 
ij;mber. and who was attending for the 
Ijst time. 

'We don't ask questions," Onaldo 
fplained. "We don't start by checking 
|l;' person. We do not discriminate." 
'Acceptance is key. The church is 
iractive because ordinary people can 
iiend without pretending to be someone 

1 y are not. This means, for example. 

that women lead in worship services and 
are present on the church council — an 
unusual practice in the church world of 
Rio Verde. 

"We have the very poor" as well as 
"more stable people, more common 
people," Onaldo said. Some are teachers, 
some have studied to be Roman Catholic 
priests or were in Catholic orders before 
joining the Coiminidade. The commu- 
nity includes a psychologist and a radio 
deejav . and it is being "courted" by a 
lawyer who teaches at the university in 
Rio Verde. 

These are the' 'more stable" people, 
however. "We are reaching out mostlv to 
the outcasts, to people who would not 
find a place in any other church," 
Onaldo added. Ministering to "outcasts" 
can be draining, because people who 
have been disenfranchised by society 
bring their needs to the community. But 
when such people find a home. Onaldo 
said, it is their home and they stay. Even 
when the community must "discipline" a 
member — in a process that Onaldo told 
me is "nothing like judgment" but more 
like a process for personal change — 
"they are still sure that we receive and 
love them." 

The church is especially attractive to 
young people. The bulk of members and 
attenders are in their late teens to early 
thirties. A year ago the congregation 
included only 10 members. Today it is a 
group of 32. w ith two new members 
baptized during our visit. Attendance is 
between 50 and 60. 

I asked Shirley Rosangela Marques 
Ferreira. a 22-year-old who teaches 
Portuguese (Brazil's dominant language) 
in elementary and high school, what 
attracted her to the Cinminidculc. She 
said it was the difference in doctrine and 
the informal way God is presented. She 
had believed, after being Roman 
Catholic for many years and also 
attending the Assembly of God. that God 
was the "King Almighty, on a throne." 
but in the Comtinidade. God was a 
friend, living with the people. 

The Tunkers themselves were also 
different, she said. "I began to feel that 1 
wasn't alone in the world, that I could 



The visitors from the United Stales were 
welcomed by Brazilian Tunkers with 
roses, symbolic of the character of 
Comunidade Pacifista Crista. 

•April l^W.i Messenger 17 

count on" fellow church members. "For 
us. what's important is the inside of each 
person, the values each person has." 

Luciano Borges Figueira, at 18. is the 
youngest of nine members w horn the 
church has identified as potential 
ministers and future leaders. He said that 
when he first became in\ol\ed w ith 
Tunkers two >ears ago. the friendship 
and peace he felt from Onaldo w as w hat 
stood out for him. 

Luciano occasionally had attended 
Roman Catholic ser\ ices and meetings 
of a spiritist religion. There, he said. 
"other people's hearts seemed to be 
touched, but mine wasn't." With the 
Tunkers. his old idea of God. ""somebody 
who said. "Do this.' "Don't do that.' 
besan to chanse. "Then 1 20t to know 

God and felt I could find him in any 
place. He isn't giving out orders, he is 
participating with us in life. I began to 
feel him in the wind, in the flowers, in 
the midst of my suffering. 

"I want to learn how to take the word 
of God that touched me. to carry it to 
other people." Luciano told me. He 
plans to go back to school — he works in 
a beauty salon, and didn't attend school 
last _\ear because it conflicted with his 
work — and begin training for ministry 
next \ear. 

Beauty forces itself upon you in 
Brazil — that is the second thing 1 began 
to learn our first day in Rio de Janeiro. 
The Brazilian people, including the 
Tunkers. ma\ be the most consistently 
beautiful that 1 have ever seen. (That 

Comunidade pastor Onaldo Pereira, 
shown here with General Board 
chairman David Wine, is the founder o_ 
the Brazilian Tunker church. 

Evangelism Brazilian Tunker style 

When a Brethren study group from the United States visits 
Comunidade Pocifista Crista (Tunker) Igreja dc Innaiidad. 
one of the learnings easiest to gain is the Brazilian church's 
way of evangelizing. Evangelism is a natural outgrowth of 
who the Brazilian Brethren are. 

The Brazilian church is not ashamed of being Brethren. 

The pastor's in-depth knowledge and enthusiasm about 
Brethren heritage is contagious. How many US Brethren go 
about identifying themselves as Dunkers or Tunkers? How 
many advocate that ""pacifist" be considered in current name- 
game discussions about who the Brethren are? The Brazilian 
brothers and sisters embody much from Brethren history and 
life that is relevant in their Brazilian culture. Their positive 
opinions about the US Church of the Brethren put visitors 
nervously atop a pedestal. Yet. Tunkers' authentic and unapol- 
ogetic love of Brethren heritage is as essential in evangelism in 
the US church as it is in Comunidade Pacifista Crista. Inas- 
much as US Brethren receive this spirit, their witness will be 
empowered in sharing the good news of biblical faith. 

Comunidade Pacifista Crista is a caring community. 

Most people in the Brazilian church testify how they were 
attracted to the Tunkers because of members' love for one 
another. For them, the church is family. Love feast is a joyful 
highpoint in their life together. When the study group visited 
homes of Comunidade members, other members of the church 
jxjpped in and joined in providing warm hospitality. They 
share their lives and possessions. One member was admon- 

ished because she was too proud to tell the congregation whe 
she was in need of food. 

A young married couple interpreted their attraction to the 
church this way: "In our previous experience, the priest did 
everything. With the Tunkers. everybody does everything." 

Latin Americans accuse North Americans of ""selling" 
Christianity like Madison Avenue sells tooth paste and Coca 
Cola. For the Brazilian Tunkers, the genius of their evangeli 
is to embody a caring and sharing community that opens up 
and reaches out to others. 

Comunidade Pacifista Crista is open to all, including th( 
outcasts of society. 

A tract that describes Comunidade Pacifista Crista has bei 
circulated widely in Brazil. It rejects nationalism, all forms c 
discrimination, and the division of society into classes. The 
tract concludes with this invitation: "If you feel attracted to 1 
message we preach, and if you find yourself unwelcome or 
rejected in the social or religious environment in which youi 
live, please get in touch with us." 

Upon learning of the disreputable backgrounds of some of 
the church members, I remarked that this community greatl; 
resembles the New Testament house churches, such as the o 
at Corinth. Such compassionate openness, with its emphasis 
restoring the image of God in all people, may be related in f 
to the Brazilian Tunkers' acceptance of universal restoratioi 
belief espoused by early Brethren. Their holistic evangelismi 
calls for commitment to both a personal and a cosmic Chris 

The body of Christ is a disciplined community. 

18 Mes!>enger April 1993 

irst day on the beach I feh like a "large 
/hite person." to borrow a phrase from 
jarrison Keillor.) 

I wonder if Brazilian beauty may be 
le result of the youth of the population 
nd the mi.x of races (as well as an 
nthusiasm for sports and dancing), 
irazil is populated by a mix of indig- 
nous Americans, Europeans, and 
ifricans. as well as Asians. And at least 
alf the population is under 20. 

There is racism in Brazil, we were told 
y our hosts, but the races have mixed 
nd seem to be comfortable with each 
ther to a degree rarely seen in the US. 
|ven in Church of the Brethren congre- 
ations. But that easy mix was very 
jbvious among the Tunkers. 
' The mix extends also to culture: The 

variety of religions in Brazil is also a 
product of indigenous, African, and 
European influences, with the impact 
of North American Christianity in all 
its varietN . The mix has been 
dominated by Catholicism, but also 
permeated by varieties of Protestantism, 
including several powerful Pentecostal 
churches as well as more mainline 


'n New Year's Eve night in Rio. 
Copacabana Beach was filled with 
people gathered to give offerings to the 
goddess or spirit of the sea. in a ritual 
from the African spiritist religion called 
candomhie. People had made pits or 
mounds in the sand where candles were 

burning, and the_\ had brought offerings 
of flowers or cloth or household objects 
to throw to the waves. Under the tlare 
of a spectacular firework show, women 
and children dipped themselves in the 
sea. and young men swam and played in 
the surf. 

Onaldo told us that candonihlc. 
brought to Brazil by African slaves, is 
very much a part of Brazilian culture. 
The goddess of the sea is a patroness of 
beauty, and the people's offerings 
remind her that they need her and she 
needs them. Otherwise, she becomes too 
wrapped up in her own beauty (in human 
form she is a woman holding a mirror) 
and forgets humanity. 

To illustrate the syncretist nature of 
popular religion in Brazil, each deity in 

Such loving acceptance of people regardless of background 
3es hand in hand with earnest professions of the importance 
\ membership. People are only received as members when it is 
iscemed that they are integrated into the life and ideals of the 
immunity. Baptisms resemble 19th-century Brethren practice 
I that baptismal vows are accented with additional promises, 
landidates promise to settle differences according to Matthew 
;^ and never to join police or military forces. It is understood 
i;at members may be disciplined for paying low wages, 
jpurting from a nonviolent lifestyle, engaging in sexual 
lomiscuity. or for other actions that harm the health and 
itness of the community. 

The community desires that discipline be an expression of 
ve. Thus, disciplined members continue to take part in 
immunity life until they are fully restored. 
I Congregations in the US Church of the Brethren could profit 
om the inspiring liturgy in which each Brazilian Tunker 
mually renews the vows made at baptism . . . while other 
jembers extend symbols of sweetness by tossing candy! Solid 
, lurch growth has occurred historically when membership is 
.-'asured as a wonderful gift. 

I Tunker evangelism relates effectively to Brazilian 

The Brazilian Tunkers' lives reflect sound Brethren theology 
tat refuses to separate the sacred from the secular. They relate 

Jsely to the "People's Movement" (see main article) in 
'ncems for justice and the desire to preserve the best 

im Brazilian culture. Visits by members to poor communities 

: much more than mere courtesy calls. In one visit, a Bible 
• tdy may be held. In another, the pastor may offer ways to 

ike herbal medicine (to people unable to purchase 

ascription drugs). 

The community adopts whole-gospel evangelism that is 
both extensive and intensive. 

The church in Brazil is growing. The members do not doubt 
their ability to grow. Rather, they seek the wisdom to know 
how/a.vr they should grow. They believe in what Bible scholars 
such as Karl Barth name "extensive growth" as found in some 
parables and other biblical allusions. 

Contrary to the ideas of some church-growth circles, how- 
ever, Barth believed that, overall. New Testament writers 
placed equal or more emphasis on faithfulness and growing up 
into Christ. He named this "intensive growth." 

The example of the church in Brazil can teach that an 
overemphasis on either extensive or intensive growth well may 
destroy the other. 

Brethren must beware of a cloistered existence that erects 
walls keeping others out. while, at the same time, being 
suspicious of Constantinian notions of go-getting pastors 
gathering as many people as possible . . . apart from the 
mutual fellowship and commitment of all members. For 
Brethren, personal cominitment to Christ means joining others 
in a consensus of witnessing and serving. 

For their last meal, a few study group participants gathered 
in the home of one of the Brazilian Tunkers. E.xperiencing 
unusual warmth of hospitality and many tears of the host, the 
visitors became aware of how deeply appreciative his mother 
and siblings were for the ministry of Comnnidade Pacifista 
Crista to one who had lost his father so early in life. Profuse 
tears of joy blessed the pain of the US Brethren's imminent 
separation. They left realizing that they had experienced true 
Brethren-style evangelism. — Dale W. Brown 

Dale W. BroHii is professor ofClirislian rheology at Bethany Theological 
Seminary. Oak Brook. Ill 

April 1W3 Messenger 19 

the camiimihle tradition ma\ be repre- 
sented by a Roman Catholic saint. It is a 
practice that helped candomhle suni\e 
\ ears of persecution b\ the Roman 
Catholic church. Some Christians and 
members of other religions also regu- 
larly take part in candomhle. 

Capocini. a dance that some in Brazil 
look down on because it comes from the 
experience of African slaves, is another 
example of the cultural mix. The 
Comitnidade recently opened its building 
to a capoeiru group, after the dancers 
struggled for some time to find a place 
to practice. Now man\ of the dancers 
come to church — some ha\e become 
members — and church members are 
dancing capoeira. 

Copocini might be called a "nonvio- 
lent"" martial art. because the aim is not 
to hit Nour "opponent."" or dance partner, 
but to make the dance look as much 
like a fight as possible. It is accompa- 
nied b\ a drum, tambourines, and 
stringed instruments. 

The Tunkers, like most of the rest of 
Brazil, are engaged in a continual 
struggle to sur\ ive economicaih in a 
country that exhibits First World 
affiuence while most of the people live 
in Third World poverty. Several times 
we heard Brazilians say that Brazil is 
rich, but the people are poor. 

In the city of Sao Paulo, which the 
United Nations says is the second largest 
in the world, with more than 19 million 
inhabitants, we used a modem and clean 
subway system. But at one exit, we saw 
people living in shacks made of refuse — 
immigrants to the city from the impover- 
ished countryside. Favelas (Brazilian 
slums) cover the hillsides above the city. 
overlooking several large automobile 
factories in a vivid representation of the 
countr> "s economic dilemma. Brazil is 
paying off billions of dollars in foreign 
debts (the result of cheap international 
loans taken to aid development) at a time 
when millions of Brazilians do not have 
the money to follow a normal diet. 

A primary concern of the Tunkers is to 
help find or create jobs for unemployed 
members. ""We try to be very sensitive to 
the members" needs.'" Onaldo explained. 
"Tliat"s where we start, to have our own 

social security."" 

Another problem many face has to do 
with the Tunkers" position as conscien- 
tious objectors. Brazil's new constitution 
(adopted in 1988) makes provision for 
alternative service, but legislation is not 
yet in place. It is almost impossible to 
find out how to do alternative ser\'ice. 
Onaldo said. Currenlh'. about seven 
members are of age to register — 17 years 
old — but do not know if they should 
because registration indicates a willing- 
ness to enter the military. If they do not 
register, they lose their rights to vote and 
to buy or sell propertv . 

Brazil is beautiful but "dangerous," 
we were told again and again. Robbery 
and violence abound in the cities, as they 
do in the US. But in some places, 
children have become a primary target. 
"Death squads" organized by business 
and supported by some police hunt down 
and kill children who are on the street — 
despite a progressive law passed in 1990 
to protect children's rights. 

Children are on the street for many 
reasons — because their parents have sent 
them out to earn a living, or because 
poverty or abuse have forced them to 
leave home. One program aiding street 
children in Sao Paulo estimates thai 
there are close to 40 million children and 
youth on the streets of Brazil, and that 
three to four street children are killed 
every day. 

In the face of such serious economic 
and social conditions, "joy" somehow 
realK means something among the 
Brazilian Brethren. From the beginning 
of our acquaintance w ith them, when 
Onaldo told us that part of our daih 
schedule in Rio would be time at the 
beach, the Tunkers showed us that they 
love to celebrate life. 

For example, dance and music are 
important in the church. I think the 
Tunkers must have grown up dancing, 
many US Brethren grow up singing 
(several could pass for professional 
dancers in the US). 

Church members are also involved ir' 
the "People's Movement,"" a nation-wii ' 
attempt to revive Brazilian culture, 
especially traditions of the lower classt 
and the poor. Loss of culture and a 
common understanding of life is "at th 
root of their loss of political power as jJ 
well,"" Onaldo explained. He helped '' 
begin the movement in Rio Verde, 
which is "trying to recover family ties, j 
experiences such as making pamonhcu. ' 
(a food made from com), traditional 
dances and music, also taking position 
on political issues."" Onaldo and others 
also are involved in a project to revive 
the use of natural medicines. 

Tunker leaders have big dreams for 
the future. One is of a cultural exchan 
with US Brethren. The Tunkers want I 
"give back the wealth of things that 

20 Messenger April 1993 

Opposite page: The study i;roup spent 
me in discussions with Brazilians about 
'.cir life and faith. 

fip: A Sao Paulo project works with 
.street children." providing; them with a 
'(/((• to go for a daily lunch and 
;iportunity for singing and dancing. 

bove: Tunker ministry candidate 
uh'ilio (right) taught the study group 
'11 /() make pomonhada, (/ corn dish. 

bove, right: .A popular dance in Brazil 
capoeiru, (/ nonviolent martial art. 

light: Music and dance is central to 
'uzilian culture. These musicians are 
conipanyiiig capoeira dancers. 

(they) have." explained member Divino 
Onaldo Silva. Another idea is to start a 
cooperative to support unemployed 
members. Leaders want to plant congre- 
gations in Sao Paulo and other large 
cities in the next few years. But a more 
pressing need is for land and a meeting- 
house of their own. The congregation 
now rents a house, meeting in its carport 
for worship. 

The church wants to "go out and show 
the rest of Brazil (its) work." Divino 
Onaldo said. Six candidates were 
anointed to begin the process of licens- 
ing to ministry while we were there. It 
"seems to be a lot of people for such a 
small group, but we need leaders." 
Onaldo said. Currently he bears the full 
burden of leadership. And there is pres- 
sure for the church to grow. People all 
over Brazil are interested in the Comuiii- 
dade. and the Tunkers are not yet able to 
respond to that interest. Onaldo regrets 
that "by (our) not responding, they think 
we are not interested." 

The Tunkers want investment, not 
donations. They want to repay help from 
US Brethren by. for example, giving 
hospitality, sharing culture, receiving 
and sending volunteers, and sending 
missionaries to the US. 

During the service of anointing for 
pre-licensing, a candidate brought roses 
to the altar, symbolizing the Christian's 
need to be as delicate as a petal and as 
determined as a ihoni. 1 am afraid for the 
Tunkers in their fragility: Such a love 
and spirit are constantly beset and 
surrounded by enemies. 

Onaldo talked about his fear. v\hich 
every Christian faces at times, when he 
told me. "I am scared of m\ own 
frailty." But such a spirit is also so 
strong that again and again it has 
changed the world for the better. 

The Tunkers are aiming to change the 
world. As Onaldo said in one worship 
service. "Christ called us to conquer the 
world." Through acts of faith, our hearts 
come closer to God's heart, he said, 
'in this way. drunk with love, we may 
see Jesus." 

.lesus Christ lives again \n the Conumi- 
dade. We are privileged it \ 
to see it. I 1 

April IW3 Messengoi 21 

Hey! What are old friends for? 

Pariicipauts in the 1991 World Council Assembly in Canhcna enter ihroiigli a cloud of 

ceremonial, welcomin}^ smoke — a tradition amons^ Australia's Aboriginal people. 

Even this, the rabidly anti-WCC Reader's Digest charges, is proof of "paganism" in the Council. 

by Donald E. Miller 

For many Brethren, the World Council 
of Churches (WCC) is like an old friend. 
The purpose of the WCC is to be "a 
fellowship of churches that confess the 
Lord Jesus Christ as God and Savior 
according to the Scriptures and therefore 
seek to fulfill together their common 
calling to the glor\ of the one God. 
Father. Son. and Holy Spirit." .All 
member churches must accept this 
statement of purpose. Represented by 
M.R. Zigler and Raymond Peters at the 
■Amsterdam .Assembly in 1948. the 
Church of the Brethren was one of the 
founding members of the WCC. Alter- 
nate delegates were Calvert N. Ellis and 
J. Quinier Miller, with Carl E. Myers as 
youth delegate. M.R. Zigler believed that 
if Christians around the world would 
stop killing other Christians, most wars 
could be averted. The Amsterdam 
Assembly declared. "War as a method of 
settling disputes is incompatible with the 
teaching and example of our Lord Jesus 
Christ. The part that war plays in our 
present international life is a sin against 
God and a degradation of man." 

Through the years, many Brethren 
have been related to the WCC. M.R. 
Zigler. Norman J. Baugher. Robert W. 
Neff. and I have been elected to the 150- 
member Central Committee, which 
governs the Council between General 
Assemblies held every seven or so years. 

22 Messenger April 1993 

(See bo.\ on page 24 for more Brethren 
involvement in the WCC.) 

Chris Michael, a participant in the 
Canberra WCC Assembly in 1991, says 
of that event, "a highlight was the 
powerful worship I experienced there. 
The other highlight was attending the 
Youth Assembly with over 200 Christian 
young people from all over the world. 
They were a committed, energetic group 
that wants to build bridges between 
Christians around the world." 

Xeggy Reiff Miller says. "Involvement in 
the Assembly and other WCC events has 
been without a doubt one of the most 
stimulating and broadening experiences 
of my life." 

The friendship has been two ways. 
Sylvia Ross Talbot, the immediate past 
moderator of the World Council and 
coordinator for the St. Croix Disaster 
Response, speaks about the Church of 
the Brethren this way: "Twice here in the 
Caribbean, the Church of the Brethren 
has helped broaden and sharpen my 
understanding of what Christian dis- 
cipleship is about. 

"The first awareness came in the mid- 
1950s while I was teaching in the 
Castaiier community of the Church of 
the Brethren in Puerto Rico. Many there 
were conscientious objectors. It was the 
first time I had met real, live people who 
had the courage to say 'No' to national 

policy they perceived to be contrary to 
God's will. Their rejection of violence, 
combined with alternative ways of 
serving their country through teaching, 
agriculture, and health care, made me 
conscious not only of the need to 
question societal values, but of the 
responsibility to understand and use 
alternatives to values." 

While many of us experience the 
World Council as an old friend, time am 
time again we find that friendship undei 
attack. An article by Joseph A. Harriss 
titled "The Gospel According to Marx," 
in the February 1993 Reader's Digest. | 
makes three charges. It says the WCC is 
adopting paganism, is giving contribu 
tions to terrorist groups, and has been tf 
tool of Soviet agents. 

I will address these claims directly: It 
is true the Aboriginal people of Australi 
were given a place of privilege at the 
Canberra Assembly. Those of us who 
attended learned about the horrendous 
treatment of the Aboriginal people by tf 
invading Europeans in previous centu- 
ries. The original inhabitants of Austra- 
lia were slaughtered left and right, ofter 
after unspeakable torture, and often in 
the name of Christianity. Only a fractio 
of the Aboriginal people in Australia 
have survived. Yet, many of them have 
converted to Christianity. 

The WCC General Assembly was 
welcomed by government officials, city 
officials, and church officials. It seeme( 

i)ecially appropriate for the original 
labitants of tiie land to welcome us 
). They did this with ceremonial smoke 

.1 ough which we walked into the very 
ge worship tent. Brethren representa- 
e Judy Georges says of that ceremony, 
/hat impressed me the most was that 
e Aboriginal people) were there and 
th us: they came to us with hope and 
)ked to us not for definition, because 
y know who they are: not for a valida- 
n, because they know what they 
/e; rather for support, asking that 
stand with them. To me. that felt 
e a privilege." 

[iouth Korean theologian Chung Hyun 

'rung, whom Harriss. in his article. 

il'ks to discredit, did invoke the spirits 
those who have suffered and died from 

I violence of our time. Christians have 

iVays appealed to the martyrs and the 

'|0ud of witnesses" who have gone 

fore us. Her appeal was to think of the 
th as a creation of God. not something 
be destroyed by us. Christ taught us to 
isider the lilies of the field and the 
ds of the air. who neither toil nor spin, 
a word, he taught us to think like a 
/ and like a bird. In this time of 
viironmental destruction, it is certainly 
ristlike to "think like a mountain." 
e ultimate paganism is to not revere 
id's creation. 

Harriss" second charge is that the 
2C gives "money to murderers." The 

:;ence of this charge is that the WCC's 
Jgram to Combat Racism (PCR) gave 

irant to the Patriotic Front (in what 
s then Rhodesia and is now Zimba- 
e) for the purpose of education, 
ilth. and agriculture for refugees in 

t area. The Patriotic Front has been 
;used of killing nine missionaries, but 
It charge has never been substantiated. 

(rmer soldiers suggest that the killings 
re the work of Rhodesian soldiers 

|isquerading as guerrillas and seeking 
discredit the Patriotic Front. The 
Jgram to Combat Racism gives grants 

■ humanitarian purposes only, to 
lanizations that, are well known to 
ne member churches of the WCC. 
Brethren have contributed nothing to 
■ Program to Combat Racism. What 
actually are contributing in 1993 is 

Undesignated $17,000 

Commission on World Mission 

and Evangelism 5.000 

Commission on Inter-Church Aid. 

Refugee and World Service ... 200 

Christian Medical Comm 5.300 

Theological Education Fund 700 

Disannament Program 1,000 

People ask whether the undesignated 
funds support the Program to Combat 
Racism. They Jo not because PCR is 
totally supported by a special designated 
fund. We should remember that our 
Annual Conference has challenged us to 
be more active in combating racism, and 
so we should consider carefully whether 
the accusations against PCR are true. 

The third charge in the Harriss article 
is that the WCC is a tool of the Soviet 
Union. The charge is based on the fact 
that documents have been found in the 
KGB (Soviet counterpart of our country's 
CIA) files that contain information 
from World Council participants. This is 
no surprise to any of us who have 
engaged in World Council events or 
been on exchange programs with the 
Russian Orthodox. 


.hrough the World Council, Church of 
the Brethren staff member Harold Rov* 
established contact with Russian Ortho- 
dox clergy and developed a series of 
exchanges in the 1960s, at the height of 
the Cold War. It was an effort to "pray 
for our enemies" (Matt. 5:43-48) and it 
was highly criticized at the time. 

Brethren were fully aware that their 
Orthodox hosts were required to submit 
reports to the KGB. We assumed that 
everything we did and said was reported. 
Therefore, it is no surprise at all that 
such reports are to be found in the 
KGB files. 

What is genuinely noteworthy is that 
the exchanges began with the Brethren 
and the Orthodox, and then expanded to 
other churches. Those exchanges were 
an important factor in the positive 
changes that have occurred in Eastern 
Europe in the past five years. Harriss 
argues that the WCC was a tool of Soviet 
policy. But the opposite is true: Those 
very contacts led to radical changes in all 

of Eastern Europe. If readers have doubts 
about this, remember that China refuses 
to let Christians celebrate Christmas 
because of the impact of Christianity on 
the changes of Eastern Europe! 

The World Council is not pagan, does 
not support terrorism, and is not. nor has 
it been, an instrument of Soviet policy. 
Nevertheless, the Council does have its 
problems. Churches in Europe and 
America have declining resources, and 
therefore are giving less support to the 
Council. Consequently, programs are 
being pared down. The 322-member 
churches have differing views on many 
subjects, and debate is often intense. 

Brethren do not always agree with 
decisions made by the WCC, and 
sometimes mistakes are made by the 
WCC. The Council should have been 
more forthright in its criticism of Nicolae 
Ceausescu's violation of human rights in 
Romania. After Ceausescu fell, the 
Central Committee of the WCC openly 
admitted its "mistaken judgment in 
failing to speak adequately about the 
situation at its meeting in Moscow in 
July 1989." 

1 believe that the WCC should be more 
outspoken about the atrocities in the civil 
war in former Yugoslavia. When 
representatives of churches are present 
from countries where rights are being 
violated, it is more difficult to make 
strong statements. This is equally, true 
however, of both the East and the West. 
So the Council sometimes has equivo- 
cated when it should have been more 
prophetic. But the reality of Christians 
across political and economic barriers 
worshiping together and seeking a 
common mission is a remarkable sign of 
God's kingdom. 

The Council itself is engaged in a 
lively debate about how much it should 
be influenced by local traditions, about 
the uniqueness of Jesus Christ in the 
church's mission, and about whether the 
doctrine of "just war" is still applicable 
in our day. The Orthodox and others 
have insisted that these questions receive 
careful attention. These are troubling 
questions that can threaten the future of 
the Council. 

I do not believe we must soften our 
Brethren witness in order to be support- 

April l'H)_1 Messenger 23 

Brethren and the WCC 

Charter member. The Church of the Brethren was one of the 147 founding 
members of the World Council of Churches at Amsterdam in 1948. 

Partner churches. One of the newest WCC members is Ekklesiyar 'Ycinuwa a 
Niiiciia. the Church of the Brethren in Nigeria, who joined in IWl. The Church 
of North India joined shortly after its fomiation in 1970. Today the WCC brings 
into partnership 322 communions from 100 countries. 

Central Committee. Brethren serving on the 150-member Central Committee 
of the WCC have been M.R. Zigler. 1954-61: Norman J. Baugher, 1961-68; 
Robert W. Neff. 1977-91; and Donald E. Miller, since 1991. 

.Mission.s and evangelism. The strongest force in giving birth to the World 
Council of Churches was the global missionary movement. Since the turn of the 
century, world missionary conferences have been held every decade or so. Latest 
in the series were the World Mission and Evangelism Conference in 1989 in San 
.Antonio. Texas, uhere Phyllis Carter. Barbara Cuffie. Debra Eisenbise. Donald 
Miller. Paul Mundey. Benton Rhoades. and Roger Schrock were participants, 
and in 1980 in Melbourne. Australia, where Ruby Rhoades was a delegate. In 
1987. Peggy Reiff Miller panicipated in the World Conference on the Sharing of 
Ecumenical Resources in El Escorial. Spain. 

Bible study and worship. WCC assemblies and conferences are convened in 
the context of worship and Bible study. By sharing music, drama, art. and liturgy 
across traditions and cultures, the Council fosters spiritual enrichment. The 
WCC"s ongoing publications undergird theological dialog and biblical aware- 
ness. The book For All God's People, which Brethren Volunteer Service worker 
David .Miller helped compile, is a guide to global intercessory prayer. 

Peace and reconciliation. In deliberating peace and reconcilation issues, the 
WCC has weighed conscientious objection, even debating the just war position. 
For 25 years. Brethren staff for peace and international affairs Lamar Gibble has 
pressed the WCC for a bolder voice on peace and disarmament. Gibble served on 
top-level teams to the Middle East. Vietnam, the former Soviet Union, and Korea 
working on conflict resolution and reconciliation. In 1989. intemationalist Rob- 
en Johansen. a Brethren, addressed a major WCC consultation on the arms race. 

Health and healing. In the 197()s. the Church of the Brethren's community- 
based Rural Health Program (Lafiya) in Nigeria became a model of primary 
health care lifted up worldwide by the WCC's Christian Medical Commission 
(CMC). Roger Schrock became a primary health care consultant to CMC. In the 
1980s, David Hilton, who was a consultant for the Lafiya program, joined the 
CMC staff as associate director. 

Caring for creation. Shantilal Bhagat was designated by the WCC as a 
delegate to the summit United Nations Conference on Environment and Devel- 
opment in Rio de Janeiro in 1992. Bhagat was also a presenter on environmental 
concerns at the Seventh Assembly in 1991. In 1990, Bhagat, Yvonne Dilling. 
and Lamar Gibble attended the WCC conference on "Justice. Peace, and the 
Integrity of Creation," in Seoul. — Howard E. Royer 

ive of the WCC. I am an ecumenical 
sectarian. I believe the only way to 
cooperation is through strong individuj 
traditions. The larger church is strengt 
ened when the individual traditions an 
true to themselves. 

We Brethren are a people who rejoio 
in God's abundant love to us, whose jc 
overflows in evangelism and service tc 
those around us. We believe in an opei 
Bible, a joyful heart, and helping hand 
To evangelize means to invite others ti 
share the joy. To be disciples means to 
serve others with joy. Evangelism and 
service belong to one another and ougl 
never be separated. I would like to .see 
every church become a center of invity 
tion and hospitality. I would like to sei 
every church become a center of servii 
here and abroad. 1 would like to see 
every church rooted in the gospel and 
addressing the violence of our time. 
When we are alive to God in our witnc 
the whole church is strengthened. We 
can grow while being cooperative. 

For many Brethren, the World Coui 
of Churches is like an old friend. 
Brethren helped to establish it and ha\ 
helped to sustain it for 45 years. The 
Council is a worldwide testimony to tl 
Lordship of Jesus Christ. In Christ's 
name, animosities have been softened, 
human rights have been upheld, refug 
have been assisted, and the mission of 
the worldwide church has been pursut 

Even so, the Council has been mud 
maligned. During the Cold War, both 
East and West considered it a tool of t 
other side. Those who would continue 
the Cold War dance hurl false accusa- 
tions after the music has stopped. The 
Council struggles to find its way in th' 
midst of declining resources and theo- 
logical ambiguities. But as with an old 
friend, this is the time to continue 
support. This we Brethren do best by 
strongly being who we are, praying 
and acting in the hope and belief 
that God's kingdom is among 
us in our time. 

Hnward E. Hnyer is director i>f inlerpi elalion on the General Board's Communication Team He is 
a former editor nf ME.SSENOER. 

Donald E. Miller is general secretary of the 
Church of the Brethren. 

24 Messenger April 1993 

by Robin 
Wentworth App 

Stepping Stones is a column offering 
suggestions, perspectives, and 
opinions — snapshots of life — that we 
tope are helpful to readers in their 
'Christian journey. As the writer said 
'n her first installment. "Remember, 
vhen it comes to managing life' s 
lifficulties. we don't need to walk on 
vater. We just need to learn where 
he stepping stones are." 

I was headed home after a 
long, exhausting day. Carry- 
ing out my assignment had 
drained me but, as is often 
the case, it also had been 
very fulfilling. So. feeling 
very much at peace with my- 
self and the world, 1 shifted 
my brain into neutral to bet- 
ter benefit from the "wind- 
down time"" afforded by the 
long drive home. 

The road was unfamiliar, 
but smooth. The night was 
dark, but clear. Not a hint of 
trouble in the air when 
THUNK! BAM! 1 hit the 
gran 'daddy of all potholes 
with a spine-jolting impact 
that guaranteed a visit to 
my chiropractor. 

I had been caught com- 
pletely off guard. The road 
was basically in good condi- 
tion, and the winter weather 
had not been severe enough 
to make me alert for such a 
gaping pit. But logical or 
not, it was there, and my 
discovery of it left me shaken 
and stewing. 

And thinking. There is a 
parallel between roads 
marred by potholes and many 
a personality. We may be 
coasting along in life experi- 
ences, for the most part 
happy, healthy, and content, 
when suddenly we slam into 
a "psychological pothole"" we 

did not realize existed within 
us. Without warning, with- 
out explanation, without 
apparent justification, it"s 
just there. 

"Psychological potholes" 
are the areas of the personal- 
ity that are weak, damaged, 
or underdeveloped. 

Consider the following 
examples of people you 
probably know: 

The man who is socially 
the toast of the town, devoted 
to his children, yet negative 
and critical toward his wife. 

The mild-mannered 
woman who unexpectedly 
explodes at the poor cashier 
in the department store. 

The coach who has built a 
reputation upon the excep- 
tional talents of minority stu- 
dents, but whose own kids go 
to a lily-white private school. 

The wife who is everyone's 
confidante . . . warm, caring, 
compassionate, available . . . 
but who consistently ignores 
the needs of a hurting 

The Christian who theo- 
logically embraces the call of 
discipleship to love his 
enemies, yet has only caustic 
remarks and sarcastic com- 
ments for his friends. 

Hypocrite? Racist? Addict? 
Co-dependent? Sinner? Sure, 
each of these tenns could 

apply to at least one of the 
examples I gave. But 1 am 
trying to move beyond the 
labeling mode and into a 
descriptive one. "Psychologi- 
cal potholes" involve atti- 
tudes and behaviors. The 
point, however, is that there 
are reasons, usually attribut- 
able to "storms" and "weath- 
ering elements," why we 
make the choices we do in 
such areas. 

If you are interested in 
filling in your "psychological 
potholes," start looking for 
common denominators in 
"pothole" experiences. What 
is similar? What is different? 
What do these things or 
people represent to you? 
When was the last time you 
felt this way? When did you 
most recently react this way? 

It is not an easy task, 
because it requires ruthless 
self-examination and uncom- 
promising honesty. But the 
filling in of such "psycholog- 
ical potholes" is part of the 
process of being sanctified. 

Remember too, however, 
that even the very best of 
roads will have an 
occasional pothole. 


I^ohin \\ enr^vorth .App is a 
therapist from Nappanec. Ind. She 
currently is interim pastor of 
Pleasant Valley Church of the 
Brethren, Middteburv. Ind. 

April 199.^ Mes.senger 25 


Be alert hereafter 

The February editorial, "To the Shores of 
Mogadishu," criticizes the US for 
sending mihtar}' aid to Somalia, but ends 
by seemingly accepting the situation, 
saying, "Let's get in there and feed them 
as fast as we can." Both the former 
Soviet Union and the United States are 
responsible for the situation in Somalia, 
and we are merely reaping what we 
have sown. 

Would we have elected and re-elected 
one president and elected another one if 
we had known what was happening in 
the State Department and CIA? We are 
pro\ iding a generous retirement for two 
presidents who ought to have been 

Okay, let's get in there and feed the 
Somalis, but let's be careful that this 
does not happen again. Our Washington 
Office newsletter will keep us informed 

Africa: Endangered/Enduring 

A brief study resource exploring two of 
the many issues underlying Africa's 
crisis: milrtarizatlon & debt A profile 
as well, of Africa's competence and 
resilience First in a new series of Fact 
Sheets: "Facts Have Faces," from the 
Office on Global Education/CWS, 
Baltimore, Maryland. 

Includes facts, stories, photos, prayers, 
related resources and actions 
[4 pages] 
ED #9380 - $.30 ea ■ (4/$1 .00) 

Please prepay Order from: 

Church World Sen/ice 

P O Box 968, Elkhart, IN 4651 5 

about what is happening so that we can 
tell our representatives and senators how 
we feel. 

We must all be involved. It is most 
important that a two-year moratorium be 
put on CIA secrecy. That would go a 
long way toward securing peace and 
justice in the world. 

David B. Knifier 
Lebanon. Pa. 

Give new instructions 

There is nothing wrong with our 
denominational name "Brethren." (See 
August/September 1992, page 20; 
January, page 7; and March, page 28.) 
After all, Paul wrote most of his letters to 
the brethren. 

Christ does not want his church 
divided. If we choose a new name, it 
will make still one more division in the 
church. The study committee should be 
instructed to look for ways to reunite 
the five divisions of the Brethren that 
we already have, rather than look for a 
new name. 

George Cox 
Lake Charles. La. 

Friends of Chucl( 

That was a wonderful cover story on 
moderator Chuck Boyer (February). We 
have known Chuck as a friend for many 
years, as a valued colleague, and as a 
tireless worker for our denomination. 

We are thankful for his deep commit- 
ment to ministry, for his love of the 

1 hf iipinuiiis e.\prcsscd here are nol neeessarily nt the magazine. Readers should reeeive Ihem 
III the same spirit with whieh differing opinions are 
e \pressed in faee-to-faee eonversations. 

Letters shoidd he hrief. eoneise, and respeetful of 
the opinions of others. Preferenee is given to letters 
lliat respond direi tly to items read in the maj^azine. 

\\c are willini^ to withhold the name of a writer 
only when, in our editorial judgment, it is 
warranted. We will not consider any letter that 
I limes to us unsigned. Whether or nol we print the 
letter, the writer's name is kept in strictest 
I onfidence. 

Address letters to M|;S,S(;ncier Editor, 1451 
Dundee Ave., Elgin, IL 60120. 

Church of the Brethren and its 
traditions, for his openness to the 
diversity among us, and for his deep 
Christian convictions. 

We are glad that Chuck Boyer is our 
1993 moderator. 

Anne and .Jim Garh 
North Manchester, In 

A servant of Satan? 

I was disturbed by Annual Conference 
moderator Chuck Boyer's statement in 
the February cover story that he is read; 
to accept gay, lesbian, and bisexual 
people into positions of leadership in 
the church. 

We are to examine all things to test t 
spirit of them, to see if they are of God. 
The Scriptures show us that God does 
not want us to be homosexual. People 
who believe that homosexuality is j 
"another normality" are spiritually sicki 
And people who promote such relation; 
ships as normal are serving Satan. j 

Does God's Word tell us to place 
spiritually sick people in positions of i 
leadership or responsibility? Do we pki 
people inclined to reject the teachings ' 
Jesus Christ in areas of our brotherhoo 
where they can pass on their false 
teachings with our blessing? 

We have a duty to gently guide 
homosexual people back to God's trutl 
But we should not have them minister 
us, teach us, or lead us. 

Kathleen D Ban r 

Moderator Chuck Boyer .should resign 
his post, since it is inappropriate for h 
to express acceptance of homo.sexuals 
into positions of leadership in the 
Church of the Brethren. 

In the Bible, from beginning to end 
homosexuality is a sin in God's eyes. 

To advocate accepting homosexuals 
into positions of church leadership is 
deny that Jesus Christ is the head of t' 
church. Anyone who upholds homose 
ality is a servant of Satan, not a serva 
of Jesus Christ. 

Leroy Bi 
Altim Bank M. 

26 Messenger April 1993 

On boycott, love, 'possums, Santa 

'ialph G. McFadden 

Let's boycott 

^ast November 3, Colorado citizens 
/oted to amend the state constitution, 
■epealing laws protecting homosexuals 
Tom discrimination in housing, jobs, 
ind public services in Denver. Boulder, 
ind Aspen. The amendment also 
jrevents the state or any subdivision 
[rem passing such anti-discrimination 
jaws in the future. As one writer put it. 
'Colorado passed an amendment to deny 
rays civil rights." 

After the vote was in. and we knew 
bat the amendment had passed, there 
/as much anger among those whom the 
imendment would victimize. In Denver. 
'ne large group of people took to the 
reets that night, marching together and 
lelling their anger. There was no 
iiolence. but there was anger and 
jisbelief and despair . . . and. ultimately, 
'decision to fight back, to become 
dvocates, to take on the "religious 
Ight" — more than in the past. 
The amendment means that if an 
nployer calls in an employee and says. 
('our work colleagues are uncomfort- 
•■)le with the fact that you are gay. and 
,e think you'd be happier elsewhere," 
len 1 ) the employee cannot find 
' .Tourse or appeal in OEO or the 1964 
'vil Rights Act, or 2) in Colorado civil 
j.ihts legislation, or 3) in suing the 
tympany, and 4) the person must find a 
-D elsewhere. 
jl am angry at the "religious right" — 
1ise persons, or institutions, or agen- 

\hold III respect and fellowship those in the 
'■ Tch with whom we agree or disagree is a 
, I racleristic of the Church of the Brethren, It is to 
1 continuation of this value, and to an open and 
j bing forum, that "Opinions" are invited from 

Ve do not acknowledge our receipt of ohvious 
mions" pieces, and can print only a sampling 
hat we receive- .All "Opinions" are edited for 


cies — be they Church of the Brethren, or 
Mennonite national bodies or judicato- 
ries or congregations, who espouse 
discrimination by action or inaction. 1 
am angry at the interfaith coalitions that 
can gather together to support a "No on 
2" (a vote against the amendment), but 
cannot get together to protest when 
gifted men and women cannot be 
ordained in those same churches. 

I am angry at (and afraid of) those 
Christians who are certain that God has 
given them the answer, and that the rest 
of us somehow are not hooked to the 
right pipeline. And the fear comes as 1 
look over our Christian and Judeo and 
Muslim history of hundreds of years and 
see what happens when (supposedly) 
God "tells" a select group of fanatical 
fundamentalists that they have a right 
and an obligation and a privilege as 
"God's chosen people" to tell the rest of 

us that we are wrong, when God "tells" 
them they can and will legislate and pray 
us into oblivion. 
The 1983 Annual Conference state- 

Pontius' Puddle 

FOR t^(UTPs<2,v rAiCrUT, we 


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.April IW3 Messenger 27 

ment ""Human Sexuality From a Chris- 
tian Perspecti\e" supports civil rights tor 
homosexuals. Can't the General Board 
and/or its staff w rite to the go\ emor of 
Colorado (and others) expressing regret 
that the state now has a constitutional 
amendment den\ ing civil rights to this 
group? I General secrekjry Donald 

Miller and General Board ehairman 
David Wine wrote the governor, to that 
effect, in early January. See March, 
page 10. -Ed.) 

Can't National Youth Conference 
(which meets in 1994) join others in 
boycotting Colorado as long as this 
amendment is in effect? Can't Western 






'■tS. J*i 

We invite you to join thousands of Brethren 
by insuring your property in an association 
owned and operated for members of the 


Insure your property today in a way that allows your 
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Plains District write a letter of protest 
and not hold any district events in 
Colorado until the amendment is 
repealed? Can't Church of the Brethrer 
members boycott the ski slopes [7 

and vacationlands of Colorado? 1 — 

Ralph G McFiidden. of Denver. Colo., is a 
former e.xeeutive of the General Board'. s Parish 
Ministries Commission. 

Jeff' Boshart 

It's love that 
we're lacking 

Calvin Shenk's February article, "Why 
Are Radical Christians Such Poor 
Evangelists?" when put alongside the 
Opinion pieces by Reggie Mervine and 
Alicia Calderon. brings to light many 
of the tensions in our denomination 
that threaten to divide the Church of 
the Brethren. 

Evangelism and social action have ' 
been almost pitted against each other. ■ 
These two. as Christ modeled and Jami 
exhorted (Jas. 1:19-27 and 2:14-26), af 
inseparable in the Christian life. Workl 
ing in concert, they should be enough 1| 
fill our churches to overflowing. 

What often is lacking is the love tha: 
at the center of it all (Matt. 22:37-40) 
As the two Opinion pieces demonstrat 
too many of our members have the 
attitude that if everyone in the denomi 
tion doesn't soon start thinking and 
acting the way they do, then the churc 
is doomed, and they are going to take 
their allegiance elsewhere. 

I recently have completed three yea:j 
of Brethren Volunteer Serivce. Also I 
have been to Haiti and Nigeria (my 
birthplace) and seen the Christian 
church growing at a tremendous rate 
those countries. 

Now I am receiving training in 
techniques for urban gardening and 
tropical agriculture, in preparation fo ! 
mission work in the United States or ' 
elsewhere. | 

Daily I try to grow closer to Christ i 


28 Messenger April 1993 

id, in turn, demonstrate that closeness 
I others through my words and actions, 
aily also I fail in many ways, but I 
mtinue to stumble along, striving to be 
e person God wants me to be. 
The Church of the Brethren may be 
ambling now. but if it can keep Jesus at 
e center, it will be a powerful voice in 
is world. Jesus should be the reason for 
I that we do as Christians. If we 
)ntinue to place ourselves at the center, 
en the church is doomed. 
To quote my dad's favorite poet. Rob- 
t Frost, in his poem "The Secret Sits'": 

"We dance round in a ring and 

But the Secret sits in the middle 

and knows." 

Jeff Bosharl. a member ofLehanon (Pa.) Church 
■.the Brethren, is an intern with ECHO (Educa- 
/idl Concerns for Hunger Orgamzattonj. North 

rl Mvcrs.Fki 

on Fitzkee 

.et's ponder 
bout 'possums 

ike Chuck Boyer, and I enjoyed 
H^orge Keeler's February article on our 
laderator. But Chuck's Appalachian 
|overb on 'possums and politics set me 
I' ponderin'. 

When it comes to politics, 'possums, 
ijd the middle of the road, maybe the 
i^estion ain't so much whether the 

assum should be in the middle of the 
I'id, in the left lane, or in the right lane. 
: Chuck seems to figure. Seems to me, 
I; 'possum's gonna end up as road kill 
': any case. 

Maybe the question is whether that 
jjssum has any business bein' on that 
Hd at all. If he must stumble around on 

; road, I'd argue that the middle of the 

id — or switchin' back and forth from 
!jle to side as circumstances dictate — is 
iiight fur piece safer than always 
!J ndin' on the left or right. 

But since 'possums tend to get stuck 

on one side and get splattered (because 
the high beams of partisan politics keep 
'em from seein"?), maybe it's best that 
they just stay off the road altogether, 
like them old-time Brethren 'possums 
usta do. 

Old-time Brethren 'possums maybe 
weren't as sophisticated as some of 

Take Hold of Your Future 

today's churchly marsupials, but at least 
they knew that takin' stands on noisy, 
polluted highways wasn't what 'possums 
did best. 

Maybe it's time for us to stop playin' 
'possum on the political pavement and 
stick to things more becomin' to our ilk. 
Who knows? There may be better ways 

One Step at a Time. 

McPherson College 

McPherson, Kansas 67460 • (316) 241-0731 

''Michelle came to McPherson College, not only because it (,s a four-generation tradition 
in our fainily, but also because she wanted to hare a quality liberal aits education." 

-Charles '66 and Sigrid Wagner Horner '70 

Springfield, Colorado 

Wiley. Colorado, Chinch of the Brethren 

Scholarships/Grants: * 

Church of the Brethren Awards — Up to $1,000 per year 

Brethren Volunteer Service Grants — Up to $500 per year 

Children of Alumni Grants — Up to $500 per year 

Church-Matching Grants — Up to $500 per year 

Dependents of Persons in Church Professions — Up to $1,000 per year 

* AivarfU are 
renetvable for up to 
four years provided 
thai studefUs remain 
eligible for the 
grants. Some aivards 
are based on 
financial need and 
aiiailabilUy of 


'I I's. I waril lo lakr lh<' ni'\l sl<'|i and (1nd nut niorc ahoul 
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basis of race, religion, sex, color, national origin, or physical/emotional disability 

April 144.^ Messenger 29 

To subscribe to 


call (800) 323-8039, 

Ext. 247. Ask for Norma 


Intensive treatment retreat for nicotine 
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For more Information contact: 
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INVITATI0^4— In Atlanta. Ga.. pin Faithful Servant Church 
of the Brethren for 10 a.m. church school and 11 a.m. 
worship at Shoney's Inn at intersection of Indian Trail Rd, 
and 1-85 North, exit 38, Norcross. Contact pastor Don 
Jordan at 1800) 782-9796. or Bob and Rose Garrison at 
(404) 979-7343, 2579 Sherman Oaks, Lithonia. GA 30058. 

TRAVEL— Join us in 1 993 on one of these tours— June 1 0- 
21 : Amsterdam. Brussels, Pans, w; Rhine River Cruise; July 
7-22: Norway, Sweden, Denmark, hosted by Harold 
Brumbaugh, Juniata College: Sept. 15-Oct. 1: Germany. 
Austna, Switzerland: May 17-31: Juniata College Alumni 

for "possums to change the world than by 
gettin" mashed on the road and 
splatterin" up people's cars. 


Don Fitzkee is a freelance writer, from 
Elizahethiown. Pa. .4 member of the General Board, 
he is a licensed minister in Chiijiies Church of the 
Brethren. Manheim. He served as an editorial 
assistant with Messenger. I9S6-I9SS. 

Ralph L. Derrick 

No, Virginia, 
there's no Santa 

I call for a clearer distinction between 
Jesus and Santa Claus than that indi- 
cated by Robin Wentworth App in her 
December "Stepping Stones" column. 

I believe in the value and necessity of 
fantasy and imagination for children 
(and adults). But Santa Claus is an 
unnecessary fantasy — at best a benign 
figure and at worst the opposite spirit 
from that of Jesus. 

The question at Christmas is not 
"What did you gel?" but "What did you 
giveT' The first question is the Santa 
Claus question. It is the question that 
teachers ask students in January. It 
teaches selfishness. Children try to outdo 
each other about who got the most. The 
second question is the Jesus question: 
"What did you give'T' ("How did you 
make someone happy'?") 

Santa Claus represents the commercial 
side of Christmas, the "Give me! Give 
me!" part of Christmas. Jesus represents 
God's gift that we remember by our 
giving. The focus is joy and our response 
of giving. 


Choir Concert tour to Germany, Austria. Italy. For detailed 
info, write to Gateway Travel Center, Inc., 606 l^itflin St., 
Huntingdon. PA 16652. 

TRAVEL— Join Wendell and Joan Bohrer on 1 6-day British 
Isles and Ireland Tour, Aug, 2-1 7, 1 993, Write lor brochure: 
Wendell and Joan Bohrer, 8520 Royal Meadow Dr,, India- 
napolis, IN 46217, Tel, (317) 882-5067, 

WANTED— Family physician needed to join busy, Brethren- 
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6,500, Good schools, low crime rale. 1 5 minutes (r, primary 

Parents justify their reinforcing in 
their young children the fantasy of Sant 
Claus because "It's such a wonderful pa 
of Christmas." Whose need is being 
served here? When I was young, I felt I 
had special parents, because they told rr 
the truth about Santa Claus. I could trus 
them. 1 felt sorry for children who had 
been told the lie. 

In my congregation's day care center, 
we don't allow guns and war toys 
because some fantasy play is not value 
neutral. We need to make a distinction 
between imagination we can encourage 
and that which we consider to reinforce 
negative values. Santa Claus represents 
spirit of selfishness and points in the 
direction opposite from Jesus. 

I enjoy singing about Santa Claus am 
participating in the cultural fun of the 
character. I also enjoy Mickey Mouse. 
What I object to is overemphasizing 
Santa Claus. which often pushes Jesus 
aside. The ultimate betrayal of Jesus is 
the arrival of Santa Claus to give out 
presents to children who have just 
performed the Christmas pageant at 

And what 1 object to most of all is 
telling children the big lie. that Santa 
Claus is real. That leads to related lies 
keep the lie alive for several years. 

1 tell my tlve-year-old daughter that 
Santa Claus is like Peter Pan — not an 
actual "alive" person, but a story 
character. I tell her that it is real peoph 
who love and care for her and gave hei 
gifts at Christmas. In contrast to 
Santa, it is Jesus who is real. 

Ralph L. Detrick is pastor of Flower Hill Chu 
of the Brethren. Gaithershurg. Md. 

hospital. 25 minutes Ir. tertiary hospital in metropolitan 
of 1 70,000, Home of Manchester College w/ 1 ,100 sti 
body. Compatible, value-onented group. Full range f; 
practice w/ opportunity to develop own style, favo 
malpractice climate, competitive salary, signing b( 
Contact Wilbur D. McFadden, Manchester Clinic, Inc., 
N, Wayne St., North Manchester, IN 46962, Tel, [day 
(219) 982-2102: [evening] (219) 982-8280, 

WANTED— Wish to purchase copy of Clirte-Kline Fam. 
Paul G, Kline, Contact William Z, Cline. 2629 Primjir 
Ave,, Evanston, IL 60201 ; or call collect at (708) 869- P ' 

30 Messenger April 1993 



ron. S/C ind.: Mark & Cindy 

I Hemingway 

iibler, Aii. N.E.: Brandon Lutz. 

I Allan Feldman. Florence 

I Huber. Dorothy & Robert 

i Zang, Audrey Hackman, Carl 

Ighwick -Germany Valley, M- 
Pa.; Guy & MaxineCroyle. 

j Jerr>,Manan. William, & 

' Evelyn Goshom,Manhanna 

1 Cohenour 

^hlehem. Virlma: Katie Rora. 

j Timothy Anderson 

I'ldford, S. Ohio; Bert Roeth. 
Leona Bums. Nancy Dunn. 
Donna Lemmon. Etta Patteron. 

j RuthSnider. Glen. Margaret. 

I Glenna. &LmdaRohr 

i' -lisle, S. Pa.: John Allen, Harold 
Cressler. David Darr, Barr\' 
George. Bill &BrendaJoliiff, 
Ela\ ne King. Ken & Virginia 
McCoy. Bill &Laure Lee 
Kautfman. Mike & Stephanie 

i Riely. Mike Stnckler. Stan & 

\ Virginia Wilson 

'. tine, S. Ohio: Emily Skidmore. 

I Pam Moore. Stephanie 

: Van.Meeveren. Dave & Shirley 

]Haner.Michele& Rachel 

, Pezanetti, Cathy Hughes.Bob 
Scheiding. Kay la Brown, Justin 
Clawson, Kyle Fellers. Tom & 

i DianaCook.LaOnna Ibarra. 

I Knstie & Jeremy Lewis 

; ist Our Shepherd, S/C Ind.: 
Mansa Routenkranz. Michelle 

. & Michael Shutt, Jeff Morrow, 
Mart) & Amanda Roberts 
vsburg. M. Pa.: Dons Bush. 
Betty & William Dively, 

I Marsha Burket. Wanda 
Bndges, Amy Knisely 

'. ryville. M. Pa.: Irene Metzler. 

■ Misii Myers. Angie Redinger. 

>abethtown, Atl. N.E.: William 
& EstherGarber 
larl City, N. Ind.: Waller, 
Manlee.David& Karen 
Gilliland, Marsha Williams. 
Monique DuPue, Br>'an Vance. 

■ Christopher Kelsey. Julie 
I Baldwin 

't-Johnson City, S.E.; Paul & 
''.Betty Lake 
/Kl-York. S. Pa. : James Coxen. 

Carol Hartman. Chester Kite, 

Reginald Workman 

ver Hill, Mid-Atl.: Marsha De 

Leon, Joy Wilson, John Gross, 

Amy Buck 

jport, Ill.AVis.: June & Sheiri 

^Hinrichs, Michael Meador, 

Bumham & Delia Martin 
-^enmount, Shen.: Holly Bailey, 

lames Baldwin. Melanie 
-;(Burgess, Erin Burke. Malessa 
. Xrabbe. Rebecca Dean, Scott 
' Fadlev . Mary Beth Houts. 

Heather Knupp, Charles. Mary 
; 'Sue, & Marshall McDonald, 
Y iDennis & Tammy Myers. 

|Chad. Deanna. & Kimberly 
,.] Stover 
■?mville, S. Ohio: Chester & 

jKathleen Harley . Joe & Peggy 

I Mason 
'i son Park, S.E.: Doug Chafin. 
.,|lanet Wilson. Peggy Cloyd 
j<ersville, Atl. N.E.: Chns & 

Jeanine Collins. Mae Tracy, 
Michael & Judy Ickes, Austin 
& Beverly Kreeger. Tony & 
Donna Palila 

Kingsport, S.E.: Sandra Cox. 

Donna Johnson, Alfred & Rava 

Lancaster, Atl. N.E.: Janice 
Baughman. John David & 
Sharon Bow man, Desiree 
Breidenstine. Kathy, David & 
Eugene Mummau. Guy, Beth. 
& Linda Wampler. Michelle & 
Kevin Darlington, Joseph & 
Lisa Butzer. Breiia Illig. David. 
Diedre & Mana Leister. Shawn 
Buckwalter, Kathy McVey 

Lima, N.Ohio: Leroy& Brooke 

Lower Deer Creek. S/C Ind : Kan 

Michigan City, N. Ind.: Paul 
Reese, Marcos. Suely, Clecia. 
Clen. & Clenia Inhauser 

New Carlisle, S. Ohio: Ned & 
Ying Studebaker 

Oakland, S. Ohm: Ron & Barbara 
LeCount, Kirby & Su.san 
Linder. Nancy Hutchinson. 
Colleen & Frank Marchal, 
Connie &. Dennis Riffell. 
Evelyn Sebring. Christy Hahn. 
Anne Menke. Seth Nisonger. 
Sara Westfall. Dale & Joyce 
Lyme. Linda & Randy 
Gibbons, Penny & Rick 
Wellbaum.Doroth\ Shives, 
Delons Butts. Carol Brewer. 
Diane Phillips, Melissa & 
.Michael Welch 

Pasadena, Pac.S.W.:TerryMathis 

Pine Creek. N. Ind.: Patty 

Bothwell.Kenn> Jr.. Becky. 
Christina & Kenny Elders. 
Trace) Elmore. Tom Gardener. 
Brenda Gaye, Le Voy & Nancy 
Landesman.Ten-i& David 
Lawton.DavennaSloy, Crystal 
Stanley, Harold & Dolly 

PineGlen, M. Pa.:Phil.Willa, 
Grace. James. & John Fershee 

Sebring. S.E.: Dean & Judy 
Keppen. Arlen & Clara Reed 

Spring Creek-Hershey, Atl. N.E.: 
Todd Fields. Irene & Stuart 
Harkness, Jason Hayes. 
Nathaniel Manin-Adkins. Craig 
& Judi McCorkle. Jennifer 
Pin tare h 

Tire Hill. W. Pa.: Carol Apple. 
Cynthia Hauger. Todd Miller 

Virden. lll./W^is.: Donna & Roy 

205th BVS 
Orientation Unit 

( Onentation completed Jan. 30. 


Aissabaev, Erjan. Berlin. Germany, 
to Near Easlside Mulli Service 
Center. Indianapolis. Ind. 

Barnhill. Jessica, Ann andale.Va.. 
to Iowa Peace Network, Des 
Moines. Iowa 

Ala., to On Eanh Peace 
Assembly. New Windsor, Md. 

Christina, Rachel, Bristol. R. I., to 
Dove. Inc.. Decatur. III. 

Pa., to Kentucky Mountain 
Housing, Manchester, Ky. 

Garvey. Scott. Dalton. Mass., to 

Trees for Life, Wichita. Kan. 
Grosso, David. Washington, D.C., 

to Visitation House, San 

Antonio, Texas 
Hoggs, Janice. Philadelphia. Pa.. lo 

Washington Office on Afnca. 

Washington, D.C. 
Kruschwitz, Brian, Cheyenne. 

Wyo., to Camp Harmony. 

Loffelholz, Andrea. Dresden. 

Germany, to Clarion Alliance. 

Des Moines. Iowa 
Matherly, Michael, Modesto. 

Calif., to Comfort House/Casa 

delConsuelo, McAllen. 

Messier. Brian, Cantonsville, Va.. 

to Brethren Woods. 

Keezleiow n. Va. 
Power, Chnstopher. Altoona. Iowa. 

to Volunteers in Prison, Slate 

College, Pa. 
Richardson, Elizabeth. 

Charlottesville. Va.. to Clarion 

Alliance. Des Moines, Iowa 
Schiesser, Paul. Crown Point. Ind.. 

to Ca-sa de Proyecto Libenad. 

Harlingen, Texas 
Simpson. Paul. Louisville. Ky.. to 

Unity House. Chicago. III. 
Smith, Victona. Culpeper. Va., to 

Casa de Esperanza de los 

Niiios, Houston. Texas 
Watson, David, Montesano. Wash.. 

toCommunity of Hospitality- 
Cafe 45. Decatur, Ga. 
Yeager, Carmen. St. Thomas. Pa.. 

to Dove, Inc., Decatur. III. 


Buller. Charles, ordained .Aug. 1. 

1 992. Communion Fellow ship. 

N. ind. 
Casteneda.Jaime A. ordination 

received Aug. K. 1992. 

Christiansen, William J. .licensed 

Nov. 21. 1992. Christ Church, 

n LAV is. 
Fahnestock. Delia M.. licensed 

Dec. 16. 1992. York First. S. 

Garcia, Milton Javier, licensed Jul. 

27. l99|,RioPneto.AtLS.E. 
Garcia, Telma Perez, licensed Jul, 

27. 1991. Rio Pneto. All. S.E. 
Halverson, Dorothy Mingus. 

licensed Nov. 2, l992.LaPorte. 

N. Ind. 
Mathis, Terry R,. licensed Dec. 5, 

1992. Pasadena. Pac.S.W. 
Risden, Nelda. licensed Nov. 2. 

1 992. Elkhart City. N. Ind. 
Rupert, Edward, ordained Nov. 2 1 . 

1992. Tire Hill. W. Pa. 
Snyder, Sue. licensed Nov. 21. 




Baker, James, from Baltic. N. 

Ohio, to Summit. Shen. 
Beach, Gregory, from Dunnings 

Creek, M. Pa., interim, to 

Dunnings Creek, M. Pa. 
Bow man, John David, from 

Lancaster, interim, to 


Bowman, Mark, from secular to 

Eversole.S. Ohio 
Dubble, Curtis, from General 

Board staff. Elgin, III., to 

Lancaster, Atl. N.E. 
Fether, WUbur. from Parkview, M. 

Pa., interim, to Parkview, M. 

Quinn, Jack W.. from secular to 

Live Oak, Pac.S.W. 
Rivera, Vicente O.. from secular lo 


RufT, Jerry, from Bethel, Shen.. lo 

Staunton. Shen. 


Bane. Roben and Evelyn. Keyser. 

W, Va..fiO 
Cline, Cecil and Inez. Palmvra, Pa.. 

Gartland, Harold and Eva. 

Jackson. Man-m and Doris Fae. 

Norcatur. Kan..50 
Kesner, Eldridge and Wilda, 

Keyser. W.Va. 60 
LeCount, Leslie and Irene. Norton, 

Kan.. 50 
Long, Wilburand Manha. 

Bradford, Ohio. 50 
Ness, Walt and Ann. Loganville. 

Pa.. 50 
Overholt, George and Marion. 

Petersime, Margin and Marjorie. 

Gettysburg. Ohio. 50 
Rotruck. Dewey and Betty. 

Burlington. W.Va.. 50 
Sohn, Ed and Nona, Sevema Park, 

Strayer. Jim and Carol. New 

Carlisle. Ohio.50 
Waggly, Harold and Dolly. 

Bremen. Ind., 60 
VVentling. Robert and Amy. 

Palmyra. Pa. .60 


Anthony, Chloe.9 1 , Hagersiown. 

Md.'.Jan. 1.1992 
Bahn, Mildred, 59. Dallasiown. 

Pa, Dec. 26. 1992 
Bassett. Cline. 89. Silver Spring. 

Md..Jan. 12. 1993 
Bell. Ray. 6 1 . Mount Jov. Pa. Jul. 

Belser, Julius. 84. Evanston. III.. 

Nov. 17.1992 
Bickel, Maxine. 79, Akron, Ind., 

Sep. 22, 1992 
Bradley, Jane.6 1 . Linthicum. Md.. 

Dec. 26. 1992 
Bradt, Eloise. 75. Marion, Ohio. 

Feb. 26. 1992 
Bucher, Caleb. 84. Lancaster. Pa., 

Dec.S. 1992 
Cline, Glenn. 90. Verona. Va., Jan, 

Crist. Lehman. 9 1 . North York. 

Pa..Jan.26. 1993 
Dean, Elmer. 77. Hamsonburg. 

Va..JuL23. 1992 
Dillon, Jesse. 89. Rockv Mount. 

Va..Jan.22. 1993 
Emrick, Lily. 78. Grand Rapids. 

Mich.. Jan. 6. 1993 
Finckh, Elsie. 94. Worthington. 

Minn.. Jan. 22. 1993 
Garrison, Manha.65. Polo, III,. 

Jul. 2. 1992 
Gemmer. H. Robert. 69. St. 

Petersburg. Fla.. Dec. 2 1 , 1992 
Geyer,Anna. 100,Lancaster.Pa.. 

Oct. 2 1. 1992 
Halsinger. Everett. 73. 

Timberville, Va., Jan. 29. 1993 
Hambright, Thomas, 45. 

Chambersburg.Pa..Dec. 18, 

Harper, On.a. 85, Edison. Ohio. 

Mar. 20. 1992 
Harshbarger, Keith. 56. Camden. 

Ind.. Nov. 25. 1992 
Heisey, Virgie, 86, NeffsviUe. Pa.. 

Dec. 4. 1992 
Henry, Harry. 66. Hollsopple. Pa.. 

Dec. 1,1992 
Joseph. Ella. 96. Findlav. Ohio. 

Dec. 30, 1992 
Knicely. Cora, 92, Harrisonburg, 

Va.,Jan.2. 1993 
Layman, Marvin. 69. Hamsonburg. 

Va..Nov.7. 1992 
Lehman. Sarah. 99. Greenville, 

Ohio.Jan.9. 1993 
Lineweaver, Mary. 87. 

Hamsonburg. Va., Jan. 23. 

Long, Ralph. S3. Boonesboro, Md.. 

Apr. 20. 1992 
McCauley, Earl, 78. Hagersiown. 

Md..Mar.6. 1992 
Myers. Paul R.. 79. Fosioria. Ohio. 

Sep. 14.1992 
Pauley, Olive. 82. MichiganCitv. 

Ind. Dec. 28. 1992 ^ 
Peterson, Lenna. 84. Flora, ind.. 

Nov. IS. 1992 
Reebel. Jeannetie. 78. Martinsburg. 

Pa, Dec. 31. 1992 
Renoll, Paul, 78. Manchester. Pa- 
Dec. 27. 1992 
Rhoderick, Diane, 30, Hagerstow n. 

Md. Aug. 5. 1992 
Risser. Sadie. 9 1 . Lancaster. Pa.. 

Oct. 6. 1992 
Rittgers, John. 72. Dallas Center. 

Iowa. Dec. 22, 1992 
Rowe, Hazel, 93. Dallas Center. 

Iowa. Jan. 19.1993 
Shaw, Vivian. 1(X). Danville. Ohio. 

'Dec, 29. 1992 
Shaw ver. Bemice. 7 1 . Lewistow n. 

Pa.. Jan. 16.1993 
Shepler, Betty. 62. Harrisburg. Pa., 

Dec. 4. 1992 
Stephey.Ethel. 85. Hagersiown. 

Md..May23. 1992 
Stover. Amiatha. 75. Hagerstown. 

Md.. Apr. 25. 1992 ^ 
Strack, Warren. 76, St. Petersburg, 

Fla.. Dec. 25. 1992 
Swemly.Jacob. 86. Spring Grove. 

Pa.. Dec. 3 1.1992 
Thomas, Delben, 66. Hollsopple. 

Pa. Dec, 20. 1^92 
Thomas, Mabel. 70. Hamsonburg. 

Va..Feb,29. 1992 
Timm. Lois. 72. Michigan City , 

Ind, Dec. 10. 1992 
Tucker. Glen, 80. Cushmg.Okla.. 

Dec. 16.1992 
Wagner, Lydia. 74. Elkhari. Ind.. 

Jan. 6, 1 ^1^3 
Wall, John. 87. McPherson. Kan.. 

Dec. 7. 1992 
Werking.Gariand. 90. Sebring. 

Fla., Dec. 24. 1992 
Wilson. William B.. 67. 


Wolfe. Bery 1, S4. L'montou n. Pa- 
Dec. 20. 1^92 
Zuck.Kairena, 10 weeks. 

Myersio\\n.Pa..Aug. 14.1942 

April 1993 Messenger 31 

When push comes to shove 

Of all the L'haracters in the New Testament, is there 
any one of them more "human" than Simon Peter? 
Who has more of his human frailties exposed than 
this impuisi\e gu\ who meant so well, but still kept 
falling flat on his face? Yes. I really feel a kinship 
with Peter, \s ho seemed never to think before he 
piped up and said something. 

Remember that night on the Mount of Olives? 
Jesus told his disciples that all of them would desert 
him before it was over with. But rash Peter, certain 
that the Master had misjudged him, declared, "Not 
me! No way! I don"t care if all the others split: I'm 
sticking b) you." 

Jesus, who knew ol" Rock-of-Gibraltar Peter 
perfectly well, scoffed bitterly, "You. Peter? Don't 
make me laugh! You'll be ahead of all the rest of 

Bo\'. that hurt, but the disciple continued to 
declare his fierce loyalty. "Honest to Pete," he said to 
Jesus, "I'll swear on a stack of Bibles: Even if it 
means dying with you, you can count on me." 

We know how that story ended: Before the night 
was over, somebody gave Peter a hard look and 
asked. "Haven't I seen you somewhere before? I 
know! Ydu were with that Galilean!" And Peter lost 
it all right there. I don't have to tamper with the next 
line to get my effect: I can quote it literally: "I don't 
know what you are talking about" (Matt. 26:70). 

And. you know, that's just what I likely would 
have said, myself! When push comes to shove, we 
usually are more than ready to jettison the very best 
of intentions. 

I've gotten myself into trouble with my February 
editorial, "To the Shores of Mogadishu." I probably 
could have gotten away with declaring that, never 
mind how bad the situation was in Somalia, no way 
was I, a pacifist, going to condone the US Marines 
going in to ensure that food got to the starving 
hordes of Somalis. But no, I blew my cover by 
declaring, instead, "Let's get in there (send in the 
Marines, that is) and feed them as fast as we can." 

Oh, I tried to explain how I had arrived at that 
sentiment. I thought I had made it perfectly clear: 
Those walking skeletons in Somalia weren't going to 
be around for anyone to feed them, if we waited until 
we had sorted out and honored all the pacifist 
niceties of the matter. 

Ah. inquired one Brethren peace activist, with a 
gentle finger shake, had I forgotten a nobler, better 

way: Support the good people who were in Somalia 
already, networking with Somalis at the grass roots 
level. (If ever a people were at the grass roots level, 
it's been the Somalis, desperate after polishing off 
the grass above ground.) 

Another critic of my lapse tut-tutted that an 
effective alternative to my rash suggestion would be 
for us peace church folks to withhold our taxes and 
fund a peacemaking crusade into Somalia. (Now that 
would feed a lot of starving people in a hurry. Why 
didn't I stop and think?) 

Chastened, I went back and reread what I had 
written in that editorial. Had I left out something? 
No, there it was: "There isn't time to straighten out 
all the sinful mess regarding Somalia we have been 
in already," I had written. That, not any abandon- 
ment of my pacifist ideals, is why I suddenly began 
singing the Marine Hymn. 

Well, there you have it. What more bitter pill has 
an editor to swallow than to go through life not 


et. hope springs etemal in the human breast (said 
Alexander Pope). Even in a jaded editor's breast. So 
let me cautiously . . . hopefully . . . offer this humble 
little parable: 

A certain man stood in his yard one night, 
watching his neighbor's house bum. Others joined 
him. looking on in horror as flames shot through the 
windows and thick smoke rolled skyward. They 
wondered aloud what could be done to help their 

One said, "We ought to tell him to check for faulty 
electrical wiring." 

Another said, "I know! Let's buy him some smoke 

"How about a fire extinguisher on every floor?" 
another suggested. 

Still another said, "Better yet, let's help him install 
a sprinkler system." 

It was agreed by all that these were excellent 
suggestions, and they scarcely knew which one was 
the best. They were still pondering them as fire 
broke through the roof and the walls caved in. 

A sense of peace settled on the group, and each 
person walked back to his own house, still 
marveling at how such a crisis brings out the best in 
a man. — K.T. 

32 Messenger April 1993 

"/ thank God for 
Bethany Seminary. 
Bethany is more 
than a location or 
specific persons. 
Time spent at 
Bethany has 
deepened my faith ~ 
sharpened n. 
equipped me to ser^ 
the church. I rejv. . 
in Bethany's ^^•" 
andf with excit 
anticipate its future. ' 

Joan Deeter is executive of the 
General Board' s World 
Ministries Commission . 

If you hear the Cally 
give us a call. 

Bethany Theological Seminary 

Butterfield and Meyers Roads 
Oak Brook, IL 60521 


mmm for m church auvb 

1993 Evangelism Leaders Academy 

4 ^ For equipping the 
saints for outxeach, the 
Evangelism Leaders 
Acaden^ is one of the 
best training events in 
North America. ^^ 

George G. Hunter, III. Dean 

E. Stanley Jones 

School of World Mission and Evangelism 

The Evangelism Leaders Academy 

is a multi-denominalional training 

event sponsored by 

the Church of the Brethren 

Open to laity and pastors alike 
Six locations coast to coast 
Conveniently scheduled during the 
summer months 

93 speakers include Jenny 
Jackson-Adams, Cynthia Hale, 
Terry Hershey, and Doug Murren 

Call Today For A Free Brochure: 

1800-323-8039 ext 451 

Sudan asks: 
^Why have you 
forgotten us?' 


Earle Fike provides a light touch tor our Annual Conference 
preview in this issue with his "Lines You Hate to Hear at 
Conference" (page 16). Even if we hadn't seen Earle at most 
of the Conferences of the past few decades, we would still 
know he wrote those lines from personal experience, because 
they all ring so true. Who among us hasn't had the Con- 
ference experience, for 
example, of rushing to the 
auditorium from supper 
and getting a 
good seat for the evening 
service, only to have some 
laid-back latecomer 
amble in and ask us to 
move over? 

But there is one line 
that Earle didn't include. 
But, of course, he doesn't 
sit at the press table year 
after year, so he probably 
is unaware of it. I could 
retire early if I had a 
dollar for every time some 
yo-yo has come by the press table with what he thinks is a 
hilarious (and original) joke: "If this is the press table," he asks, 
struggling to contain his mirth, "where do I press?" The accom- 
panying cartoon is what the devil would like me to rig up as a 

I asked our brand-new production assistant, Paul Stocksdale, 
to do some cartoons to accompany Earle Fike's piece. But, 
although Paul has attended Conference before, he hasn't sat and 
suffered at the press table. So 1 thought I ought to draw that 
cartoon, myself. It's too personal to entrust to a rookie. 

Paul comes to us from Pleasant Valley Church of the 
Brethren, near Union City, Ind. His presence here was alluded to 
in the final paragraph of last month's "From the Editor." We 
welcome Paul to the Messenger team. 

Corrections: On page 1, March, we incorrectly identified 
William Ciolden HI as Joseph Esther and Bemice Clay as 
Jean Williams. In the same issue, the photograph on page 21 
was printed upside down. We regret these errors. 

COMING NEXT MONTH: The experience of one youth group 
that participated in a summer workcamp. 


Kermon Thomasson 

Managing Editor 

Eric B Bishop 

Editorial assistant 

Cheryl Caytord 

Production, Advertising 

Paul Stocksdale 


Norma Nieto, Martha Cupp 


Kenneth L. Gibble 


Dale E. Minnich 

District Messenger representatives: 

Allanln. Northeasi. Ron Lul/; Allanlic 
Soulhejsl, Ruby Raymer; lUinoisAVisc 
Gail Clark; Northern Indiana. Leona 
HolJcrrcad; South/Central Indiana. M, 
Miiier: Michigan. Marie Willoughb): ' 
Allanlic. Ann Fouls; Middle Pcnnsyl\.i 
Ruth Fisher; Missouri/Arkansas, Mar) 
McGowan; Norlhcm Plains, Faith Slro' 
Nortlieni Ohio, Sherry Sampson; Soul! 
Ohio. Shirle) Pelr\: OregonAVashingt'l 
Marguenie Shanihcrgcr; PaciHc Southii 
Randy Miller; Southern Pennsylvania, ^i 
Q. Gleim; Western Penns\lvania. Jay Cfl 
ner; Shenandoah, Jerry Brunk; Southeil 
Plains, Esther Stump: Virlina. David &l 
Hettie Webster; Western Plains. Dean f. 
Hummer; West Mar\a. Wmorna Spurgi 

Messenger is ihe official publication o ' 
Church of ihe Brethren. Enlered as set 
class matter Aug, 20. 191S, under Acl 
Congress of Oci. 17. 1917, Filing date > 
I , i 9S4. Messenger is a 
/^ member of the Associates 
?^ Church Press and a subsci 
~- to Religious News Ser\'icijl 
Ecumenical Press Senicej 
Biblical quotations, unles- 
otherwise indicated, are from the New 
Revised Standard Version, 

Subscription rates: SI 2.50 individi 
rate. $l()..SO church group plan, SIO..'i( ' 
subscriptions. Student rale 75c an issu 
you move, clip address label and send i 
new address to Messenger Subscriplio 
1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin. IL 60120. /I 
at least five weeks for address change. 
Messenger is owned and published j 
times a year by the General Services ( j 
mission. Church of the Brethren Gene 
Board. Second-class postage paid at E 
III., and at additional mailing office, N 
1993, Copynght 199.^. Church of the 
Brethren General Board. ISSN (H)26-( 
POSTMASTER: Send address chai 
Messenger. 1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, 



Touch 2 

jse to Home 

ws 6 

pping Stones 
fitters 26 
Ejntius' Puddle 
timing Points 
tiitorial 32 



I !dits: 

'er, I: Glenn Mitchell 
Jde front cover Art. 5. 8 top right, ; 

srmon Thomasson 

ft: Phil Grout 

ghl: Ida James 
I ft: BcnWeybright 
I p right: Helen Frantz 
I )ttoni right: Sarah Anne Miller 

in by Jeane Heckert 

'at Wright 

! p second from right. 9: Eric B. Bishop 
! mom left: Mer\- Keeney 

op. second from bottom: Olan Mills 

:econd from top: George Keeler 

op: Don Honick 

17: Artby PaulStocksdale 

19: David Radcliff 
! Christian Peacemaker Teams 

Annual Conference preview 10 

Cheryl Ca)ford highlights the 1993 Annual Conference 
business agenda and assorted Indianapolis activities. 

A chat between MESSENGER and 
the moderator 14 

A conversation with moderator Charles Boyer addresses some 
of his concerns for the church and the criticism he has 
received. By Eric B. Bishop 

Lines you hate to hear at Conference 16 

"It's only a short nine-block v\ alk to the convention center." 
is one of the familiar phrases Earl W. Fike Jr. highlights for 

Sudan: We will remember 18 

David Radcliff returns from Sudan with a better understand- 
ing of what is needed from peacemakers. 

Fools for God 22 

The difference between knowledge and wisdom in relation- 
ship to God is explained by Ton van den Doel. 

Nightmares from hell 23 

Experiences and stones of the oppression in Haiti are told by 
Bemie Wiebe who traveled to the island country with a 
Christian Peacemaker Team. 

Changes 25 

Inez Long notes the problems that Brethren encountered as 
they moved from uniformity to unity. 

Cover story: Zenah Mahok. of Siutiiii's Asna refugee camp, dressed in a 
feed sack and holding a photo of President Clinton, said to the Brethren 
visitors. "If you are people of Clinton, tell him about us. Our lives are in 
your hands." How do we answer this woman'.' (See page IS for David 
Radcliff s stoiy.) 

Mav 1993 Messenger 1 


Cultural bridge-builder 

When Qui Min Ji came to 
the United States from China 
in 1989 to study at Bethany 
Theological Seminary, she 
had in mind to become a 
minister. Befriended in 

Qui Min Ji is quite 

at home with an 

ancient Chinese 

musical instrument, 

the erhu. Somewhat 

like a violin, it has 

only two strings. 

The bow moves 

between the strings 

rather than across 

them. On the erhu, 

Ji plays haunting 

tunes such as 

"Flowers. Are 

Smiling, "or' 'Horse 

Race," which 

showcases her 

dexlero us fingering. 

"In Touch" profiles Brethren we 
would like you ti> meet. .Send 
story ideas and photos (black 
and while, if possible) to 'In 
Touch." Messenger. 1451 
Dundee Ave.. El^in. IL 60120^ 

China by Brethren workers 
Dorotha and Ivan Fry, she 
already had served in their 
Indiana congregation as an 
interim pastor. 

But her career ambitions 
have taken a different twist, 
and her ministry now 
emphasizes Ji"s gift in music. 
Many Brethren remember 
her as an instrumentalist at 
the 1990 Annual Conference. 

Ji has helped found the 
Chinese Cultural Bridge 
Center in Chicago, a not-for- 
profit organization dedicated 
to promoting Chinese 
culture. These days Ji often is 
found giving performances in 
Chicago area schools. She 
not only plays her erhu, but 
demonstrates Chinese dance, 
arts, and crafts. 

But it is the erhu that most 
people remember. A two- 

stringed, distant relative of 
the violin, the erhu looks 
nothing like a western 
instrument. The strings are 
aligned one on top of the 
other. The bow. which 
cannot be detached from the 
instrument, is drawn between 
the strings. The music is 
haunting, conjuring up 
images of an exotic, ages old 
culture — another time, 
another place. 

Many people who meet Ji 
are surprised that someone 
from such a structured 
society as China's can 
negotiate her way so surely 
in America. 

"Ji is one of the most 
remarkable persons I have 
ever met," says Bethany 
professor Murray Wagner, 
■'She has learned the culture 
and made connections very 
quickly. She really is an 
entrepreneur — aggressive in 
the best American spirit." 

Ji considers herself a very 
curious person. "I found out 
that the American culture is 
very different from China's. 
One thing here is that I get a 
lot of help from people. I'm 
always asking questions — at 
church for instance. I am 
open-minded and willing to 
try new things. Now 1 know 
what I am doing." 

Ji explains her career 
change this way: "In China, I 
would not be accepted as a 
minister because I am a 
woman. Here, I might not be 
accepted because I am 
Chinese. But I found out that 
my ministry is a lay ministry, 
to build a cultural bridge. 
I'm standing in a place 
between two cultures. I want 
to build up the understanding 
between them." 

Bridge construction is well 

Fragile but agile 

The image projected by the 
88-year-old member of the 
"Eastwood Quilters" belies 
the reputation she carried in 
hardier times. Today, Rachel 
James is fragile from years 
of physical problems, but still ■ 


agile with a needle. In times 
past, however, she was 
known as someone whose 
areas of expertise included 
plumbing, electrical wiring, 
roofing, gardening, and 
general repairs — chores not 
traditionally considered 

At Eastwood Church of the 
Brethren, in Akron, Ohio, 
Rachel is considered a 
matriarch and a role model. 
She is held in awe for the 
hundreds of baby blankets 
she has made and donated 
to Chicago's Bethany 
Hospital. She is famous for 
the delicious rhubarb sauce 
she brings along to the 
quilting sessions. 

And her fellow quilters 
admire Rachel for the 
strength and fortitude she 
demonstrates even when she 
is not feeling well. Fortunate 
is the congregation that has 
role models who live out in 
their daily lives the tenets of 
their Brethren faith. 

2 Messenger May 1993 

I Names in the news 

David Kulpe. pastor of Sun 
\'alle\ Church of the 
Brethren. Birmingham, Ala., 
spent two weeks last fall in 
Korea on a preaching 
mission sponsored by the 
Southern Baptists. A member 
of one of 1 teams of 
American preachers, David 
reports that 700 conversions 
occurred during the mission. 

• Ron Arnett, a member 
of Manchester Church of the 

I Brethren. North Manchester. 

! Ind., and professor of 
communication studies at 

, Manchester College. 

I authored a recently published 
book. Dialogic Education: 
Cdiiversation About Ideas 

I and Between Persons. In it, 

' he advocates a strong 

j relationship among students, 

1 teachers, and administrators. 

• Dale Aukerman. of 

Union Bridge. Md., has 
authored a new book. 
Reckoning with Apocalxpse: 
Terminal Politics and 
Christian Hope. The book's 
thesis is that the horrors of 
international political 
reality — massive starvation, 
human rights abuses, "ethnic 
cleansing," terrorism — can 
be understood only in the 
light of a Christian interpre- 
tation of history. 

• Benton Rhoades. a 
member of La Verne (Calif.) 

Church of the Brethren, has 
been elected president of the 
National Farmworker 
Ministry Board of Directors, 
an ecumenical agency 
supporting farm workers to 
organize for justice. 

• Sam Hancock, of 
Topeco Church of the 
Brethren, near Floyd. Va.. 
has been named to Who's 
Who in Leading American 
Executives for 1993. He and 
his wife. Brenda. run a hard- 
wood wholesale business. 

• Tracy Huigens. a 
member of La Verne (Calif.) 
Church of the Brethren, and 
a high school junior, recently 
was named the California 
Interscholastic Federation- 
Southern Section Most 
Valuable Player for her 
performance in field hockey. 

• Ray. Elaine, and Leon 
Sollenberger. and Lori and 
Rex Knepp. all members 
of Everett (Pa.) Church of 
the Brethren, had one of 
their Jersey cows, Ralaine 
Legend Pinata, named 
Grand Champion at the 
Pennsylvania State Farm 
Show in January. 

• Russ Mclnnis, pastor of 
Virden (111.) Church of the 
Brethren, has been honored 
for his 22 years of service to 
high school basketball (as 
public address announcer) by 
being inducted into the 
Illinois Basketball Coaches 
Hall of Fame. 

• Kyle Radcliff. a member 
of Mount Pleasant Church of 
the Brethren. North Canton. 
Ohio, has been selected by 
the New Jersey Basketball 
Association, along with 1 1 
other basketball players 
(ages 15-16) across the US, 
to travel to Europe this 
August to compete with 
European teams. 

U-Berto: He won 
Harrisonburg's heart 

Wouldn't it be a great 
satisfaction to know that 
when you die, the whole 
community will mourn, / 
flowers and tributes will pour 
in, a memorial fund will be 
established, businesses will 
express their grief on 
highway billboards, and even 
the area newspaper will 
eulogize you in an editorial? 

Not many of us are 
warranted in anticipating 
such an outpouring of public 
grief. But when U-Berto the 
Dunker dromedary died, just 
that sort of public demonstra- 
tion took place in the 
Harrisonburg, Va.. com- 

U-Berto was featured in an 
In Touch article in Messen- 
ger after he had joined the 
Vem Michael family of Mill 
Creek Church of the Breth- 
ren, near Harrisonburg, and 
gotten into the nativity scene 
there. (See "Vem Michael: 
They Walk a Mile for his 
Camel." December 1988.) 

Through the years, 
U-Berto became a commu- 
nity fixture, not only provid- 
ing a touch of the Orient at 
Christmas, but marching in 
parades, walking for charity 
causes, visiting nursing 
homes and day care centers, 
and graciously receiving 


Robert "Bob" Gemmer, 69, 

of St. Petersburg. Fla.. died 
December 21. 1992. A 
member of St. Petersburg 
Church of the Brethren, he 

visitors who came to pet him 
at the Michael farm. 

Vem and his family were 
astonished by the outpouring 
of grief when U-Berto died of 
old age the night of March I . 
The sense of loss was 
geniune. A fund was estab- 
lished to help the Michaels 
replace the camel, with even 
school children contributing 
their dimes and dollars. 

"U-Bert wasn't really 
ours." concluded Vem. 
"He was the community's. 
It's been a special, warm 

The Michaels definitely 
plan to find another camel. 
Meanwhile they are trying to 
figure out how U-Bert 
became such a catalyst for 
goodwill. There must be a 
lesson there, somewhere. 

was a civil rights activist, 
serving as director of 
education for the local 
NAACP for the past 25 
years. He was a founding 
director of Habitat for 
Humanity Intemational. 

Mav 199,^ Messenger 3 

University of La 

Verne's Aaron 

Courseault tries for a 

basket in ULV's 

March 12 play-off 

game against 

Augustana College, 

played at Platteville, 

Wis. A ugustana won 

the game, H7-H4. 

"Close In Home" hif^hlighls 
news of congregations, districts, 
colleges, homes, and other local and 
regional life. Send story ideas and 
photos (black and white, if possible) 
to ""Close to Home." Messkngrr, 
1451 Dundee Ave.. Elgin. IL mill). 

Brethren basketball 

March madness hit the 
Brethren colleges with 
three of the six schools 
qualifying for the National 
Collegiate Athletic Associa- 
tion (NCAA) 
Division III tourna- 

College. Man- 
chester College, 
and the University 
of La Verne all 
were selected to 
participate in post- 
season play that 
included teams from 
40 small colleges. 
In its first-round 
game, Manchester 
College's team fell 
to the University of 
Whitewater, 84-68. 
basketball coach is 
28-year-old Steve 
Alford. who came to 
Manchester in De- 
cember 1991 after 
gaining renown as a 
state schoolboy hero, 
college basketball 
All-American, star 
of Indiana Uni- 
versity's most recent 
national champion- 
ship team, and 
going on a brief 
odyssey through 
the NBA. 

enjoyed a bye in the 
first round, but fell 
to Franklin and Marshall in 
the second round, 78-64. La 
Verne advanced to the third 
round of the playoffs with a 
first-round bye and a 67-56 
victory over Cal Lutheran in 
the second round. In the 
third round, ULV's Leopards 
fell to Augustana, 87-84. 

lEsT™^^""' S5S 

Heifer Project long ago went 
ecumenical, but for many 
Brethren it's still a very 
popular cause, and buying a 
heifer captures the fancy of 
Brethren Sunday school 
classes just as effectively as it 
did when it was our own 

To buy its heifer for HPI, 
the Sunday school kids at 
Prince of Peace Church of 
the Brethren, Denver, Colo., 
recycled pop cans, baked 
cookies for Sunday morning 
coffee break at the church, 
and made cookies for sale at 
the church's Living Gift 
Market. On January 24, a 
dedication was held, climax- 
ing the successful fundraiser. 

Kids at Hope Church of 

Hope's heifer 
buyers: (Front) 
Megan Falconer, 
Colleen Hamilton, 
D.J. Falconer, 
Kristen Falconer. 
(Second row) Katie 
Griffin, Tyler 
Griffin, Jessica 
Falconer. (Third 
row) B.J. Buehler, 
Brian Posthumus, 
Heather Post- 
humus, Casey 

Campus comments 

The American Armenian 
International College 

(AAIC) has withdrawn its 
application for accreditation 
to the Western Association of 
Schools and Colleges. AAIC 
has ended its quest to become 
an independent institution 

Prince of Peace kids used a 
table display to promote a 
heifer purchase fundraiser. 

the Brethren, Freeport, 
Mich., kept track of their 
fundraising in a graphic way, . 
adding cotton balls to their 
lamb each Sunday to chart 
their progress toward $250 
for a heifer. Earlier projects 
paid for a beehive, baby 
chicks, rabbits, and a sheep. 

and may cease operation 
within three years. AAIC's 
students will become 
University of La Verne 
students next year, according 
to ULV president Steve 
Morgan. AAIC was begun in 
1976 by then ULV president 
Armen Sarafian, under the 
ULV umbrella. 

4 Messenger May 1993 

At the recently restored NetzleylYender House, in Lisle Station Park, visitors can observe 
how a founding family of Naperville (III.) Church of the Brethren lived in the 1850s. 

This old house 

How many Brethren build- 
ings across the country have 
been preserved and restored 
by a park service, historical 
society, or other agency? 
Let's see, there is the Danker 
Meetinghouse in Antietam 
Battlefield Park, the Ephrata 
Cloister, the Kennedy house 
(John Brown's hideout) at 
Harpers Ferry, and Tunker 
House in Broadway, Va. Add 
this one: 

The Jacob Netzley house, 
in Lisle, 111., has been 
restored by the Lisle Heritage 
Society. Jacob Netzley. a 
Brethren weaver from Lititz. 

i Pa., settled in Lisle in 1849 
and built the house in the 

, late 1850s. 

! The Netzleys and other 

! Brethren got together every 
eight weeks for worship. The 
Netzley house, with its 
movable partitions, was used 
as a meeting place. The 
Naperville. or Bethel, 
congregation was fonned 
there, in 1857. Jacob Netzley 
was the first deacon. 

A meetinghouse was built 
in 1867. Annual Meeting 
was hosted by Naperville in 
1898. A Vender family 
bought the Netzley house in 
1910 and lived in it until 
1986. when the Lisle 
Heritage Society bought it 
and moved it to its present 

site on Lisle's Burlington 

The NetzleyA'ender house, 
an old tavern, and the old 
Lisle railway depot comprise 
Lisle Station Park. 

The large house is gradu- 
ally being restored to its 
original Greek Revival style 
appearance and furnished 
with period furniture. 

Recently the original folding 
partitions were discovered to 
be stored in a bam nearby, 
and eventually will be put 
back in place. 

One very interesting 
feature of the house is the 
"smokehouse," an extension 
of the summer kitchen — an L 
on the back of the house. By 
a clever arrangement of flue 
closings in the kitchen 
fireplace, smoke could be 
directed into the smoke- 
house, to smoke the family's 
hog meat. In the back yard is 
a comfortable three-hole 
privy; no one needed to stand 
in line at the Netzley house. 

Lisle is about a half-hour 
drive from Elgin, where the 
Church of the Brethren 
General Offices are located. 
Brethren traveling through 
the area to Annual Confer- 
ence next month are encour- 
aged to stop by and visit the 
Netzley House. Admission is 
free. The hours are noon to 5 
p.m., daily. Group tours are 
by appointment. Curator 
Mark Harmon is eager to 
attract Brethren visitors and 

learn more of the Brethren 
story. Write him at 919 
Burlington Ave., Lisle, IL 
60532, or phone (708) 968- 


Let's celebrate 

Mount Vernon Church of 
the Brethren, near 
■Waynesboro, "Va., recently 
celebrated with a ribbon- 
cutting ceremony the 
completion of an easy-access 
ramp into its fellowship hall. 

• Flat Creek Church of 
the Brethren, near Manches- 
ter, Ky., will celebrate its 
50th anniversary September 
11-12. Activities will begin 
at 2 p.m. on Saturday, at 
Mud Lick, and end with 
morning worship and a 
carry-in meal, at Flat Creek, 
on Sunday. Good preaching 
and stirring gospel music are 
promised. Flat Creek began 
as a mission effort and 
became a congregation 
October 31, 1943. 

• When Arlington (Va.) 
Church of the Brethren 
celebrated its 40th anniver- 
sary, April 18,BobNeff, 
President of Juniata College, 
was the guest preacher. An 
open house was held the 
day before. 

• Anderson (Ind.) Church 
of the Brethren will celebrate 
its centennial June 20. At 2 
p.m. that day. Bob Bowman, 
Manchester College Bible 
professor, will speak. Folks 
on their way to Annual 
Conference are especially 
welcome to attend. To 
request housing, write John 
Bunch, 741 North State Road 
9, Anderson, IN 46012, or 
phone (317) 649-9231. 

Mav IW3 Messcncer 5 

The General Board 
met in March under 
the theme, "Accept the 
Love, Share the Joy." 

Board learns that giving is up, 
but more gifts are designated 

The General Board in March set param- 
eters for its 1994 budget, acted on a pa- 
per on Native Americans, and adopted a 
resolution on Sudan. 


The Board set $6,340,000 as its 1994 
budget parameter, necessitating a 
$390,000 reduction of general programs. 
The three commissions and the Execu- 
tive Committee each suggested possible 
reductions. The Board will take final ac- 
tion in June. The Administrative Council 
meets in May to work on possibilities 
and bring recommendations to a retreat 
of the Executive Committee in early June 
and a meeting of the Goals and Budget 
Committee June 19. Donald Miller, the 

p){t lf[h© D@^' 

ftG=^© l©y/ 

general secretary, invites individuals to 
send suggestions for program changes by 
April 30. 

"There was an intense and committed 
effort of the Board to be a responsible 
fiduciary," said chairman David Wine. 

Included in the budget is $675,000 for 
Brethren Vision for the '90s programs 
such as evangelism, which includes new 

church development, leadership suppoii 
and a media outreach project, and calls 
for nearly one-third of the funds. A nev 
center for evangelism will be launched 
Annual Conference. Other new prograij 
involve ministry training, Germantowrl 
heritage materials, urban ministries, ar 
black ministries. 

"Heretofore we have set up programs 
and asked the congregations and distrii 
to conform if they wanted to participat( 
Miller told the Board. "To become con 
gregation-centered, we must ... be wil 
ling to change to meet their needs." 

Congregational giving — 59 percent c 
the Board's budget — was up 3.55 perce 
in 1992. Income from all sources was i 
5.4 percent, but more gifts were made I 
designated areas such as the Emergenc 
Disaster Fund (up 33 percent over 199) 
Congregational giving to general pro- | 
grams fell 1.4 percent. 

Native Americans 

Native American youth are "trying t( 
survive in two worlds, in two nations, 
one country," said Ethelene Wilson, in 
troducing a paper on Native American; 
called "Community: A Tribe of Many 
Feathers." Impetus for the paper came 
from youth at the Christian Citizenshij 
Seminar, and it will come to Conferem 
in June as a document for study. 

"We have a lot of identity crisis goin 
on with our youth." said Wilson, a mei 
ber of the Navajo nation and of the 

Because the news pa^es include nen'sfrom rariaus 
Church of the Brethren nr^anizalions and mnve- 
ments. the activities reported on may represent a 
variety of viewpoints. These pages also report on 
other national and international news relevant In 
Brethren. Information in news articles does not nec- 
essarily represent the opinions «/ Messenger or the 
Church of the Brethren. 

Miller joins churcli leaders 
in visit to White House 

A delegation of church leaders, in- 
cluding general secretary Donald 
Miller, attended a meeting at the 
White House in March with President 
William Clinton. 

The delegation was led by Joan 
Brown Campbell, general secretary of 
the National Council of Churches 
(NCC). The delegation's goal was to 
assure the president of the church 
leaders" prayers and to stress the 
importance of moral discourse in the 
decision-making process. 

"He showed an openness to the 
larger organized churches in this 
country that we have not had for some 
time." said Miller. "The president is 
interested in creating a liaison be- 
tween the government and different 
divisions of the National Council of 
Churches to allow a free flow of 

The church leaders also encouraged 
decisive leadership in both foreign 
and domestic affairs, especially in re- 
lation to urban areas, housing, em- 
ployment, health care, human and 
civil rights, and an end to violence in 
America's streets. 

6 Messenger May 1993 

ik'ahookaadi" fellowship, near Cuba, 
M. The paper allows Native American 
ethren "to share what our beliefs are," 
ilson said. The paper explains differ- 
ces in cultural and spiritual traditions, 
/iews the history of Brethren involve- 
;nt with Native Americans, and calls 
; church to confession and repentance. 
JBoard members questioned the nature 
the spirituality referred to, but Wilson 
wered, "Here again is the problem 
've had for centuries. What you're 
linting out is the Anglo version of God. 

feel the God you're talking about is 
; same God we're talking about." 


A resolution on Sudan speaks to the 
f government, urging it to make Sudan 
»riority to prevent a worsening of the 
manitarian disaster. It also addresses 
'■ United Nations, the International 
jnetary Fund, the Sudan government, 
d the Sudan People's Liberation 
bvement, asking for efforts to end the 
ir and honor human rights. It will 
ide the work of the Washington Office 
1 Board staff in relation to Sudan. 


P'This is a kairos moment \n the life" 
Ithe Brethren in Brazil, said Board 
irman David Wine in discussion of a 
cial fund for the Brazilian Brethren, 
e extra-budgetary fund has a cap of 
3,000 and will help the congregation 
ly land and construct a building. 

Ethics in IVIinistry 

section Four of the Ethics in Ministry 
ner passed by Conference last year has 
used district executives concern, and 
I Board voted to ask Standing Com- 
i:tee to hear the concerns. Section Four 
' es a process for dealing with allega- 
ns of sexual misconduct. 

Dther business 

ihc Board agreed to move the admin- 
lative center of the Bethany Academy 
I Ministry Training to Bethany Sem- 
iry; continued participation in the In- 
il'eligious Health Care Access Cam- 
ijgn; approved a date for the second 
Itional Older Adult Conference — Sep- 
ijiber 12-16. 1994; and approved the 
I! of some $70,000 from the Emergen- 
i Disaster Fund for the Cooperative 
aster Child Care program. 



The first "Loving Presence" work project took place near the Imperial Heights 
church in Los Angeles, with (front) Janet Oher Miller, Rosa St. Thomas: (center) 
Sherell McClain, Brittney Hicks, Wayne Ziinkel, Frankie Bollinger. Shirley Brown, 
Ulyssis Harris; (back left) Tory Brown, Jamal St. Thomas, Ramona Faison; (Sack 
right) Rocci Hildiim, Tony Anthony, Ben Huh, Karin Tadjiki, and Maree Harris. 

Brethren 'loving presence' 
is in urban Los Angeles 

"Loving Presence." a nev. Brethren proj- 
ect in Los Angeles, is responding to 
tensions in the city during the second 
trial related to the Rodney King beating. 

Every Saturday. Brethren work in 
urban neighborhoods, "to show a variety 
of ethnic groups working together." said 
Pat Wright, an organizer of the project 
and director of Camp La Verne. 

The project started at the camp, when 
an event focused on peace happened to 
take place a week after the Los Angeles 
riots. Speaker Glenn Smiley, a long-time 
peace activist who worked with Martin 
Luther King Jr.. geared the event speci- 
fically to the riots. Wright said. 

Brethren at the camp happened to in- 
clude Koreans. African-Americans, and 
Caucasians, and were "at each other" be- 
cause of their feelings about the riots, 
Wright said. Participants talked about 
what they could do together, met again 
with Smiley, and came up with the idea 
of an interracial work project. 

The project is as much to help Breth- 
ren churches in the city as it is to show 
care for people of other racial and ethnic 
backgrounds, Wright said. The first work 
project took place March 6 in the neigh- 
borhood of the Imperial Heights Church 
of the Brethren. Wearing green T-shirts 
with the Brethren logo, 16 Brethren were 
on Western Avenue picking up trash. 

The group also has picked up trash 
and painted over graffiti near the Central 
Evangelical church in Koreatown and 
worked at a women's shelter. 


1993 National Worlvstiop on Christian 

L'nity. in Milwaukee. Wis., May 10-1,^ 
Iconlact John Schumell. 3501 S. Lake Dr., 
P.O. Box 079 12. Milwaukee. Wl 53207; 

.Anabaptist Retreat for Families with 
.Members Experiencing Serious Mental 
Illnesses, in Mount Pleasant. Pa.. May 28- 
30 (contact Laurelville Mennonite Church 
Center. Route 5, Mount Pleasant. PA 
15666; (412) 423-20561. 

Journey of Hope, action against the death 
penalty sponsored b\ Murder Victims 
Families for Reconciliation. June 4-20 in 
the Midwest [contact Journey of Hope. 
P.O. Box 600, Liberty Mills. IN 46946; 

I S-Cuba Friendshipment. delivery of aid to 
the churches of Cuba by Pa.stors for Peace, 
July-August. .\ delegation to Cuba is also 
planned May 2S-June 6 [contact Pastors 
for Peace. 33 1 1 7th Ave. S.E.. Minneapo- 
lis. MN 5,5414; (612) 378-0062]. 

Junior High Ministry Workshop, spon- 
sored by the Youth Ministry OtTice. Sep- 
tember 1 1 attheChambersburgtPa.) 
Church of the Brethren [contact Chris 
Michael, 145 1 Dundee .Ave.. Elgin. IL 
60120; (800) 323-80.W]. 

Mav 1993 Messenger 7 

*- .■• f 

John David Bownuin 

Seminary, Board, district 
announce staff changes 

John David Bowman began April 1 as 
director of the Susquehanna Valley Sat- 
ellite of BethanN Seminar)'. Bowman has 
a Doctor of Ministn, degree from Beth- 
any. He has been dean of the Academy 
for Church Leadership. South/Central 
Indiana District, and dean of the Center 
for Biblical Studies and Leadership Prep- 
aration in Mid-Atlantic. He also has been 

Jon ami Carol Hoke 

director of the Keystone Bible Institute. 

Merle Grouse has announced his re- 
tirement as General Board staff, effective 
the end of 1993. He has served since 
1978 with Urban Ministry and New 
Church Development, but has worked 
approximately 33 years for the Board. 

Jeff Quay's job as program coordina- 
tor of the On Earth Peace Assembly was 

The first class to graduate from the Brethren Technical School in Garkida, Ni- 
geria, also passed federal exams in February. The students are shown here 
with L'S Brethren staff Carol and Ralph Mason and their son Samuel. 

Technical school in Nigeria 
graduates first students 

TTie first class of students to complete 
a two-year program at a church Tech- 
nical School in Garkida, Nigeria, 
graduated in March. The students, 
who trained to become auto mechan- 
ics, passed federal exams in February 
and have all gotten jobs. 

The school was started two years 
ago by Brethren staff Carol and Ralph 
Mason to train members of Ekklesi- 
yar 'Yanuwa a Nigeria (EYN — the 
Church of the Brethren in Nigeria) in 

skills that will help them find jobs. 

The school now is being incorpo- 
rated into EYN's program. Two Ni- 
gerian teachers are being trained by 
the Masons to carry some of the load 
as Carol and Ralph start a new cur- 
riculum for office-secretarial training. 

The idea for the school grew out of 
the Masons" previous experience 
working in Nigeria in 1983-85, and 
Carol's master's work in education. 
Carol designs curriculum and teaches, 
and Ralph provides technical exper- 
tise. Ralph also serves as consultant to 
EYN's automotive shop. 

* ■#' 



Linda McCuul;ft 

Ned and Mary Srowe 

eliminated March 
15 as a result of 
financial con- 
straints. He began 
the job in July last 

Jon and Carol 
Hoke have begun 
as directors of the 
Board's Program 
Volunteer Service. 
Jon is retired from 
the aerospace in- 
dustry, and Carol 
is a teacher. 

The Hokes suc- 
ceed Ned and Mary Stowe, who in D 
cember completed a two-year term in ' 

Linda McCauliff began April 1 as 
associate district minister in Western ' 
Pennsylvania. She has served on the d 
trict board, education committee, and 
nurture commission, and is in the Tra 
ing in Ministry program. 

Cobwebbers are now 
connected to Internet 

People who use Cobweb, the Brethren 
computer network on the Ecunet syste 
can now exchange mail with Internet 
users. Internet connects universities, ' 
emment and non-governmental agenc' 
and commercial organizations. 

Other Internet-connected electronic 
mail services include CompuServe, V'l 
Mail, PeaceNet. Genie, and Sprint M 

Cobweb users can send mail to Inte 
net without a surcharge. Through Inti 
net, a CompuServe user can send mail 
General Secretary Donald Miller's C( 
web inbox. A Cobweb user can send T 
to President Clinton on CompuServe. 

For more information, call Compui 
Operations at (800) 323-8039. 

8 Messenger May 1993 

Brethren send $200,000 to aid 
hungry people in Somalia 

A $200,000 grant was made in March 
from the Global Food Crisis Fund, re- 
sponding to a $1 million appeal from 
Church World Service for hunger relief 
in Somalia. The grant is believed to be 
ithe largest given in a single allocation 
ifrom the fund. 

In a grant from the Emergency Disas- 
ter Fund. $10,000 was given to aid refu- 
gees returning to Guatemala. Because 
intemational observers are needed to en- 
sure the refugees" safety. $2,000 was for- 
warded to Witness for Peace. 

A grant of $12,000 was approved for 
Armenia for food to be airlifted by the 
Armenian Apostolic Church. The Ar- 
Tienia/Nagomo-Karabagh crisis is caus- 
ng severe shortages of food and oil 

Another $5,000 was given following 
:idal waves and floods in the Fiji Islands. 
|ind $2,000 responds to floods in Mexico. 


olitics gets attention 
rom Brethren staff 

General Board staff have tackled several 
;)olitical issues recently. 

The Washington Office has supported 
he Religious Freedom Restoration Act. 
,vhich would restore the "compelling 
nterest" standard for evaluating whether 
law unconstitutionally interferes with 
he free exercise of religion. 

Brethren were among the signers of an 
icumenical letter concerning the North 
\merican Free Trade Agreement. The 
■eaty "will expose many of the most vul- 
. lerable in all three nations to continuing 
iconomic deprivation and environment- 
al harm," it said. 

V( General Secretary Donald Miller 
j| pined in calling for an end to diplomatic 
.jiCS with the Vatican. Boston Mayor 
M aymond Flynn has, however, been 

amed ambassador to the Vatican. 
■ I Staff also endorsed a letter to the pres- 
.lent concerning "the increasing concen- 
ation of media ownership and . . . loss 
t public interest standards and regula- 
on" of telecommunications. 



The National Youth Cabinet is planning next year's National Youth Conference. 
Members are (front) Joy Struble, NYC coordinator Shawn Replogle, Ashley Bair, 
Brian Yoder; (center) youth ministries staff Chris Michael, assistant Wendi Hut- 
chinson; (back) advisor Dave McFadden, Alice Flory, and DeVance Thompson. 

Theme for 1994 National 
Youth Conference selected 

"Come to the Edge. Claim the Call." is 
the theme for the 1994 National Youth 
Conference (NYC), based on Ephesians 
4:1b. NYC. held every four years, is set 
for July 26-31. 1994, at Colorado State 

Juniata signs agreement 
with UN for peace seminars 

Juniata College has entered into an 
agreement with the United Nations 
Office for Disarmament Affairs and 
the Intemational Association of Uni- 
versity Presidents to jointly sponsor 
seminars on arms control and disarm- 
ament. The agreement was an- 
nounced in early March. 

The yearly seminars will be tar- 
geted to scholars and government of- 
ficials from developing nations. Each 
will have 10 to 12 participants and 
run two to three weeks. 

"The goal is to begin building a 
constituency for arms control and dis- 
armament — both in government cir- 
cles and among the citizenry — in 
developing nations." said Prvoslav 
Davinic, director of the UN Office for 
Disarmament Affairs. 

Seminars will focus on the context 
(the history, psychology, and anthro- 

University in Fort Collins. 

The National Youth Cabinet has or- 
ganized a Youth Speech Contest in 
which two winners will speak at NYC. 
The cabinet is also holding a theme song 
competition. The deadline for submitting 
speeches and songs is January 3. 1994. 

NYC registration begins January 1. 

pology of human conflict) and the 
practical issues and skills involved in 
negotiating meaningful, workable 
agreements for the reduction of arms 
and military expenditures. The core of 
the seminars will be conflict simula- 
tions, role plays, and discussions with 
negotiators who have successfully 
concluded agreements. 

"The sad unfolding of ethnic and 
religious wars and regional power 
contests in Africa, Eastern Europe, 
and elsewhere reminds us that the end 
of the Cold War has not left us one 
day wiser about the conditions that 
lead humans into hot wars." said An- 
drew Murray, director of Juniata"s 
Baker Institute for Peace and Conflict 

This is the first time the UN has 
joined with an educational institution 
in such an effort. The first seminar, 
administered by the Baker Institute, 
takes place in September at the Wil- 
liamsburg (Pa.) Conference Center. 

Mav IW,^ Messent!er9 


Call (410) 

From June 20-27, the 
Church of the Brethren 
telephone Newsline will 
feature dail> updates on 
Annual Conference 
eNents and husiness. In 
its regular schedule, 
Newsline provides week- 
ly updates on Brethren 
news with new messages 
available each Thursday 
morning. Newsline's re- 
corded message can be 
reached 24 hours a day, 
seven days a week. 

10 Messenger May 1993 

Annual Conference 

by Cheryl Cayford 

Led by moderator Charles Boyer, Annual Con- 
ference June 22-27 in Indianapolis, Ind., will 
focus on the theme "Proclaiming God's Peace." 
Boyer is pastor of the La Verne (Calif.) Church 
of the Brethren. 

Business sessions and worship will be held in 
the Indiana Convention Center, which is con- 
nected to the Hoosier Dome. The Hyatt Regency 
Hotel across the street will be the site for other 
meetings and meal events. 

Repeat conferencegoers are acquainted with 
the wide array of Conference offerings. This 
preview presents highlights and new events. 
More information is available from the Annual 
Conference Office, 1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, IL 
60120; (800) .^2.V80.^9, Information packets 
have been distributed to all congregations. 

Global church structure tops the business 
agenda this year. The paper comes from a com- 
mittee appointed by Standing Committee to 
"propose long-term policies for how (Brethren) 
churches outside the US and Puerto Rico will 
relate" to the denomination. 

A second item of old business is a response to 
a query on organ and tissue donation, which 
came to Conference originally in 1990. 

In new business. Conference will consider 
whether to adopt a paper on Native Americans 
as a study document for a year. The paper comes 
from the General Board, and was initiated by 
youth at last year's Christian Citizenship Sem- 
inar. Conference will also consider a new rota- 
tion of district representation on the Board, 
changes in the Brethren Medical Plan (minis- 
ters' group), an Alternate Brethren Medical 
Plan (ministers' group), organizational changes 
for the Pastoral Compensation and Benefits 
Advisory Committee, and a ballot of new 
church leaders (see March, page 8). 

Business coming to Standing Committee in- 
cludes a report from a committee attempting to 
determine if the name of the Church of the 
Brethren should be considered for change, and! 
concerns from the Council of District Executivej 
about the Ethics in Ministry Relations paper 
passed last year. 

Standing Committee will spend two sessions 
in a closed retreat for "envisioning," called fo 
by the Denominational Structure Review com- 
mittee in 1991. 


Jim Wallis, of the Sojourners community in 
Washington, D.C., will preach at the opening 
service Tuesday evening. He will speak on 
"Making the Vision Plain." 

The topic of moderator Boyer's sermon Wed- 
nesday evening will be "Inner Peace: Where 
Can We Find It?" 

"I Love my Enemies But Can I Love my 
Mother?" is the title of preacher Tracy Wenger 
Sadd's sermon Thursday evening. Sadd is pas- 
tor of the Hempfield Church of the Brethren in 
East Petersburg, Pa. Richard Kyerematen, pastor 
of the Germantown (Pa.) church, will speak 

Friday evening on "The Gospel of Peace," and 
Fred Bemhard, pastor of the Oakland congrega 
tion in Gettysburg, Ohio, preaches Sunday 
morning on the topic "Truths for Living in 

The National Youth Cabinet and the Young 
Adult Steering Committee will lead worship 
Saturday night. The .service features a drama, 
"When Mother Calls," about the call to care fo 
creation. The drama was written by denomina- 
tional peace consultant David Radcliff. The wc 
ship coordinators are Chris Michael and Jan 

Candidates for 

Joseph M. Mason, of Greenville. Ohio, the 
jreenville congregation in Southern Ohio 
District. Age 68. Pastor. Retired executive for 
lwo districts. District moderator, board chair- 
nan, commissions chairman. Annua! Confer- 
;nce worship leader, study committee. Chair- 
nan of pastor's association. Interim executive 
or General Board commissions. President of 
tate council of churches, chaimian of commis- 
ion on ecumenical relations, chairman of local 
ninisterial association. Chairman of state coun- 
il of churches evangelism division. 

Vision: That the church live out of its heritage 
nd values in the coming century. Priority: To 
mrsue peacemaking and faith sharing as a 
ingle and primary priority. 

M. Andrew Murray, of Huntingdon, Pa., 
(tone congregation in Middle Pennsylvania Dis- 
rict. Age 50. College professor/program direc- 
or. Congregation board, nurture commission, 
hairman of pastoral search committee. District 
onference, discipleship and reconciliation com- 
riittee. Annual Conference Program and Ar- 
angements Committee. National Youth Confer- 
nce speaker. Future of seminary committee, 
'resident of national pastors" association, co- 
uthor of worship resources. Board member for 
tate council of churches, board member of com- 
littee on ministry in higher education. National 
jcace education committee. United Nations 
ommission on arms control education. 

Vision: That the church will recapture its 
osition of leadership in areas of peace, service, 
nd simple living. Priority: To get our seminary 

ttled and healthy. 

Judy Mills Reimer, of Roanoke. Va.. the 
Williamson Road congregation in Virlina Dis- 
ict. Age 52. Owner of office furniture retail 
usiness. Congregation board member, chairwo- 
rjian of nurture and witness commissions, dea- 
on, children's director, youth counselor and 
!acher. District board member, chairwoman of 
urture and outdoor ministry commissions, 
oung adult advisor, conference speaker, co- 
hairwoman of finance campaign. Annual Con- 
irence study committees. Chairwoman of the 
jiieneral Board, chairwoman of commissions. 

assing on the Promise field staff. National 

outh Cabinet adult advisor. Brethren Volun- 

;er Service. 

Vision: That we learn to talk with each other, 

rather than at each other. Bring representatives 
of denominational interest groups together to 
share concerns. Priority: To find ways to bridge 
the diverse voices in church. 

Phyllis Kingery Ruff, of Omaha. Neb., the 
Peace congregation in Northern Plains District. 
Age 59. Educator/volunteer. Congregation mod- 
erator, board chairwoman, commission chair- 
woman, executive committee. Goals for the '90s 
co-chairwoman. District board chairwoman, 
commissions, study committee. Annual Confer- 
ence Standing Committee delegate, nominating 
committee. Program and Arrangements Com- 
mittee, study committees. Former Annual Con- 
ference secretary. 

Vision/priority: To call the believers to be 
faithful and to share the good news of God's 
grace and mercy. 

Music and the arts 

A musical highlight of the Conference will be a 
Saturday night concert by pianist and Goshen 
(Ind.) College professor Marvin Blickenstaff. 

Other musical events include a concert by 
Andy and Terry Murray for youth and young 
adults Friday evening, a perfonnance of a mu- 
sical drama, "The Cotton Patch Gospel," as an 
insight session Friday night, and early evening 
concerts Wednesday through Saturday, 6-6:45 
p.m. The concerts feature harpist Harriet Hamer 
Cassell and pianist Deanna Beth Myers, a 
drama by junior highs from the Beacon Heights 
church in Fort Wayne, Ind., singer Peg Lehman 
and guitarist Lee Krahenbiihl, and the Man- 
chester College Peace Choir. A children's mu- 
sic program takes place Saturday before the 
evening service. 

Singers (junior high age through adult) are 
needed for the Conference choir, which will be 
directed by Emmert (Crispy) Rice. Youth are 
also invited to participate in a youth choir, led 
by Jonathan Shively. which will sing at Satur- 
day evening's worship. 

A "juried showcase" is a new feature of the 
Art for Hunger exhibit sponsored by the Church 
of the Brethren Association for the Arts. Graph- 
ic artists are invited to submit original works. 

AACB will also hold a tour of the Eiteljorg 
Museum of American Indian and Western 
Art on Thursday afternoon, and again sponsor 
the annual quilting bee and auction. The auc- 
tion begins at 4:45 p.m. Saturday. 

Candidates for modera- 
tor-elect are Joseph 
Mason, Andrew Murray, 
Judy Mills Reimer, and 
Phyllis Kingery Ruff. 

Mav 1993 Messenger 11 


A Saturday 

On Saturday June 26, all 
conferencegoers are In- 
vited to an afternoon of 
"Celebrating New Mem- 
bers and Ministries." 

New fellowships and 
new indi\idual members 
of the Church of the 
Brethren will be recog- 
nized and districts and 
congregations will 
present creative minis- 
tries. The event begins 
at 2 p.m. 

Pre-Conference meetings 

Jim Wailis will speak on "Ministering to a Bro- 
ken World with Biblical Hope" to the Minis- 
ters' Association in meetings beginning 
Monday evening, June 21, through Tuesday 

The Association of Brethren Caregivers be- 
gins meetings Sunday morning, June 20, with a 
worship service in the Hyatt Hotel. 

ABC events continue through Tuesday after- 
noon and include bus trips to Timbercrest 
Home in North Manchester, Ind., Sunday mor- 
ning, and The Brethren's Home, in Greenville, 
Ohio, Monday morning. The bus trips are part 
of a Brethren Homes Symposium, which takes 
place at various locations Sunday afternoon 
through Monday afternoon. A Brethren Homes 
Fellowship Dinner will be held Sunday evening 
at Timbercrest Home. 

Fuller Seminary professor David Augsburger 
leads the Brethren Caregivers Conference on 
the subject of cross-cultural understanding, be- 
ginning Monday evening. ABC holds its annual 
business luncheon Tuesday. 

A Health Festival Tuesday afternoon closes 
out the ABC events with health food. Brethren 
entertainment, and family fun for all confer- 

A workshop sponsored by the Ministry of 
Reconciliation takes place Monday evening 

The new Bethany on view 

Conference will be "a real good opportunity for Brethren to get a feel for 
where we're going and what Bethany's about," according to Debbie Eisen- 
bise, of the seminary's development office. The school is offering bus tours 
to the campus of Earlham School of Religion in Richmond, Ind., where 
Bethany plans to move in the fall of 1994 (above). Tours take place midday 
Tuesday, Wednesday, and Saturday. 

A groundbreaking at the Richmond campus takes place Sunday .June 27 
at 2 p.m., after the final Conference worship. Soil from all the church dis- 
tricts will be collected at the Bethany reception Tuesday afternoon June 22, 
and poured into the ground at Richmond "to symbolize our partnership 
with the whole denomination," Eisenbise said. 

1 2 Mes.senger May 1 993 

Presenting urban 

Brethren from big-city America will 
lead Friday's worship — Richard Kyere- 
maten, pastor of the Germantown 
Church of the Brethren in Philadelphia, 
will preach; Gilbert Romero, pastor of 
the Bella Vista congregation in Los An- 
geles, will perform with the Bittersweet 
Gospel band; and Leonardo Wilburn, 
from Culver City, Calif., and a member 
of the Imperial Heights congregation, 
will perform on the piano. 

The service also may include testimo- 
nies from Los Angeles gang members 
who want out but can't leave because of 
gang threats to their lives or their fam- 
ilies, said Conference manager Duane 

through Tuesday afternoon. The event offers 
separate tracks on communication and conflict 
resolution and on systems theory in church con 
flict intervention. 

A Day of Intercession — prayer for the Con- 
ference — is sponsored by the Brethren Revival 
Fellowship, Brethren Renewal Services, and th 
General Board's Parish Ministries Commissioi 
and will be held Tuesday. 

Bethany Seminary is holding a reception at 
the Hyatt Hotel Tuesday afternoon. 

Brethren Volunteer Service offers training 
for people interested in promoting BVS, Tues- 
day afternoon. Call Phyllis Michaelsen, (800) 

Young adults begin Conference with a Tues 
day moming meeting on "Issues for the Churc 
and our Thoughts." 

The Church of the Brethren Hispanic Move 
ment meets Monday moming through Tuesda; 

A clergywomen's group meets Monday aftt 

An informal orientation to Conference is of 
fered to first-time attenders Tuesday afternoon 

Standing Committee meets Saturday evenii 
through Tuesday afternoon (Saturday evening 
and Sunday morning in a clo.sed retreat). 

The (leneral Board meets Tuesday after- 

The Council of District Executives (CODE 
holds meetings beginning Sunday afternoon. 

During the week 

Hble studies: Electives, Wednesday through 
aturday. 7:30-8:30 a.m. 
Hearings, forums, and information sharing: 

'uesday 9-10 p.m.: Global Structure, Organ and 
Issue Donations. Native American Justice, 
/linisterial Leadership Committee, Pastoral 
ompensation and Benefits Advisory Commit- 
e; Wednesday and Friday 4:30-7 p.m.: Minis- 
rial Leadership Committee. 
Insight sessions: Wednesday through Friday, 
-10 p.m. 

Talk-it-over sessions: "Helping Children 
lirough a Divorce," Thursday 12:15 p.m.; 
When Your Child Dies." Friday 12:13 p.m. 
Age-group activities: Youth activities on 
proclaiming peace" include service projects, a 
oncert by Andy and Terry Murray, and a talent 
low. Trips to the Indianapolis Motor Speed- 
ay, the zoo. and Conner Prairie, a living his- 
)ry museum, are planned. 
Junior high activities include a visit to Thun- 
er Island Water Park, Conner Prairie, and a 
hildren's museum. 

Children's activities are planned for those 
ho have completed kindergarten through fifth 
Irade, and child care is available for infants to 
ee five. 

Young and single adults: Young adults begin 
I onference with a review of issues Tuesday 

morning. Other events include a square dance, a 
pool party, a work project Thursday afternoon, 
and a talent show. 

Single adults are invited to a series of sessions 
on topics such as "How to Get Things Done with 
Only One." 

Special interests: Several support groups are 
offered, on addictions Wednesday through 
Saturday at 7:30 a.m.; HIV/AIDS Wednesday 
and Friday at 7:30 a.m. and Thursday at 4:30 
p.m.; sexual abuse Wednesday through Saturday 
at 12:30 p.m.; and mental illness Wednesday 
through Friday at 4:30 p.m. 

Other special interest events are a chaplain's 
networking meeting Wednesday at 7:30 a.m.; an 
evangelical prayer meeting Wednesday, Thurs- 
day, and Saturday at 7:30 a.m.; the Brethren and 
Mennonite Council for Lesbian and Gay Con- 
cerns drop-in center Wednesday through Satur- 
day at 8-9 a.m. and Wednesday through Friday 
at 4:30-7 p.m.; the Outdoor Ministries Associa- 
tion run/walk Thursday at 7 a.m.; a blood drive 
Thursday, Friday, and Saturday; a reception 
given by the Refugee/Disaster Office Thursday 
at 4:30 p.m.; a carry-in lunch for black Brethren 
and friends Saturday noon; a Lafiya congrega- 
tional networking meeting Saturday at 7:30 
a.m.; and a Nigeria missionaries reunion Sat- 
urday at 5 p.m. 

leal events 

reakfasts: Thursday — Brethren Press ($8), 
s istrict and Congregational Nurture Chairs 
i;8). Fr/o'm— People of the Covenant ($8), 
vangelical Leaders ($8). Saturday — On Earth 
Luncheons: Tuesday — Association of Breth- 
n Caregivers Annual Business Luncheon 
:e()9.50). Ministers' Association Sack Lunch 
>7). Wednesday — Ecumenical ($10.25), Out- 
3or Ministries ($9.50), Brethren Caregivers 
ecognition ($9.50), Program for Women 
ifi9.50). Urban Ministries ($10.25), Discipleship 
id Reconciliation Sack Lunch ($5). Thurs- 
jy — Association for the Arts Tour and Lunch 
;il). Older Adult ($10.25), HIV/AIDS ($9.50), 
rethren Journal Association ($10.25), Associa- 
3n of Christian Educators (CoBace) ($9.50), 
Jthany Seminary Class of 1946. Friday — 

Association for the Arts ($8), Congregational 
Deacons ($10.25), Church and Persons with 
Disabilities ($9.50), Passing on the Promise 
($9.50), Womaen's Caucus ($10.25). Youth Ad- 
visors ($9.50), Brethren Volunteer Service Sack 
Lunch ($7), Outreach Advocates ($9.50). Satur- 
day — Brethren Revival Fellowship, Bridgewater 
College ($10.25), Elizabethtown College ($9), 
Juniata College ($9.50), Manchester College 
($9.50), McPherson College ($9.50), University 
of La Verne ($9.50), Deaf Ministry Task Force 
($10.25). Sunday— On Earth Peace Assembly 
Sack Lunch ($7). 

Dinners: Wednesday — Church Growth and 
Evangelism ($11.25). Thursday — MESSENGER 
($11.25). Friday — Brethren Revival Fellowship, 
Higher Education ($11.25), Hispanic Ministries 
($1 1.25), World Ministries ($1 1.25). 

Marvin BlickenstafT and 
Andy and Terry Murray 
have performed for en- 
thusiastic Conference 
audiences in the past. 
Blickenstaff is shown at 
the 1968 Conference in 
Ocean Grove. This photo 
of the Murrays was 
taken at Annual Confer- 
ence in Seattle in 1979. 

May 1993 Messenger 13 

A chat between MESSENGER ar 

by Eric B. Bishop 

After nearly a year as Annual Confer- 
ence Moderator. Charles Boycr reflects 
on several issues faclni; the Church of 
the Brethren as a denomination as well 
as the criticism he has received for 
statements he made in the February 
1993 Messenger article about him. 

What's on tap? 

Next month' s Annual Conference in 
Indianapolis will see the denomination 
deal with three items of new business: 
"Community: A Tribe of Many Feath- 
ers" — a General Board study paper on 
Native Americans, three "small" items 
from the Pastoral Compensation and 
Benefits Committee updating its guide- 
lines, and "District Representation on 
the General Board. " 

"It seems kind of strange, with all the 
turmoil in the world, and all the areas 
with needs, that the agenda is so light," 
said Boyer of this year's Annual Confer- 
ence business schedule. "Things do go in 
cycles and this will be the third year in a 
row when the agenda has been reason- 
ably light." 

Unfinished business will consist of two 
papers returning to Conference: the 
"Structure to Deal with Global Church." 
and "Organ and Tissue Donation." 

Boyer anticipates the global paper 
may be the higge.'ii issue of business. 

"The global structure paper probably 
will be the main item that will take a 
good bit of time, possibly a whole day," 
he said. "It's a very important issue, and 
there are some strongly held opinions on 
both sides as to whether it is a good 
paper or not." 

The moderator also plans to lake time 
to recognize the ministries of congrega- 
tions. "Before each business session, I'm 
going to have representatives from 
congregations that have exciting minis- 
tries share them," said Boyer. "I've 
contacted the district executives and 

14 Messenger May 1993 

have gotten some suggestions that 
can be shared." 

Because of the light business agenda, 
Boyer anticipates the final business 
session closing Saturday at noon. The 
afternoon will be a time of celebration 
for the denomination. "It will be similar 
to last year at Richmond," said Boyer. 
"We will have music and receive new 
congregations and fellowships. 

"In the past, the receiving of new 
congregations has been scrunched in the 
middle, and this year we will make it a 
time of celebration." 

'There are areas where 

they feel they have 

hold of some exciting 

kinds of ministries. 

There are a lot of 

places where people 

are feeling that the 

Spirit is at work 

among them/ 

Church leadership. 

"People are anxious to know what is 
going to happen to Bethany Seminary," 
said Boyer. "I find a lot of people 
concerned, I don't find a lot of people 
who are angry about the decision to 
move. People just want to get the move 
made and see what the next phase is 
going to be and .see if our people are 
going to respond." 

One of Boyer' s interests is the chal- 
lenge that congregations are facing. 

"The whole question of how we are 
going to get pastoral leadership for the 
smaller congregations is a concern of 
mine," he said. "There are a lot of 
congregations that really are hurting. 
And there are a lot of reasons for that. 
It's so hard to make changes. 

"We are going to have to find more 
ways for EFSM (Education for a Shared 
Ministry) and TRIM (Training in 
Ministry) and other programs to train 
people to give leadership, which in the 
old days we would have called a part- 
time pastorate. We're really going to 
have to struggle with that." 

According to the moderator, "some of 
them (congregations) feel guilty if they 
cannot have a full-time pastor, but they 
cannot pay them that kind of wage. And 
so often ill-prepared people or those whi 
don't understand the Church of the 
Brethren come along and almost 
volunteer for a very low wage and pick 
up a responsibility. The idea of a person 
who goes to four years of college, and 
three years of seminary and is 
going to be a full-time pastor is one 
that so many of the congregations just 
cannot afford." 

A changing church. 

"One of the things that is fascinating 
the increasing mix of languages and 
ethnic groups (coming into the church) 
Boyer said. "The more traditional 
Brethren have a sense and a feel for 
community, and the sisters and brother 
coming in from other ethnic groups ma 
not have a feel for that. 'Anglos' tend 
not to understand from where those 
groups are coming. They're not real 
good at that and have a lot to learn. Ho 
can we work together to make this a 
more multi-cultural church?" 

One area that Boyer sees as changin 
is the role of the national church. 

"I'm a bit concerned with the decrea 
ing role I see for Annual Conference an 
General Board program. I think we are 
more and more acting like individualis 
and congregationalists. I feel there 
increasingly is a tendency to say 'Well 
that's not my interpretation of the 
Scriptures, and our congregation doesi 
care one whit about what Annual 
Conference says about an issue. That's 
not the way we believe here." " 

he moderator 

There is some concern on Boxer's part 
that we've been emphasizing evangelism. 
but "right here" fat the congregational 
level) it hasn't made much difference. 

"We're trying to be evangelistic but it 
just isn't happening. And as the denomi- 
nation as a whole struggles to hold its 
iown. that can be discouraging," Beyer 

"It's very hard for people to accept the 
fact that a congregation's ministry may 
Ibe ending. And there's always some 
ifeeling that if I or we had been a little 
imore faithful, this wouldn't need to 
'happen. I think sometimes it does need 
ito happen. Not that most of us are too 
ifaithful, but there are some times when 
ichange has to happen. And that's hard 
'for people to accept." 

The state of the church 

The mood of the church "does depend 
ion who you speak to," Boyer said. 
"There are congregations and areas 
iwhere they feel they have hold of some 
xciting kinds of ministries. There are a 
lot of places where people are feeling 
that the Spirit is at work among them. 
I've really enjoyed having the opportu- 
Rnhy to meet a broad cross section of 
the church." 

But, he adds. "There is an awful lot of 
Fragmentation in the church. People 
Derceive that the Church of the Brethren 
las really gotten very liberal — in its 
eadership — that the church has really 
iwung to the liberal side of things. 

"The denomination as a whole has a 
Feeling that sometimes we may need to 
iiink our heels in on a particular issue 
ji because we may think the church is a 
ittle willy-nilly. And so regardless of 
ivhatever issue we're on, T am really 
?oing to sink my heels and make this 
ny cause.' " 
Another worry for the moderator is 
^levisiveness in the church. 

"I sense battle lines being drawn, and 
hat really concerns me," Boyer said. 
'We need to find the arenas where we 

people that have different points of view 
can come together and share. We should 
not be expected to change but to listen to 
one another as brother and sister and to 
treat one another with respect. That is 
not being done very well right now. We 
write people off — liberals write off 
conservatives, conservatives write off 
liberals, and evangelical folks write off 
more justice-oriented people." 

Answering his criticism 

//; his profile, (see February 1993) 
Boyer said he was personally ready to 

^Fm a bit concerned 

with the decreasing 

role I see for Annual 

Conference and 

General Board 

program. I think we 

are acting like 

individualists and 

congregationalists. ' 

accept gay. lesbian, and bisexual people 
into positions of leadership in the 
church. The result has been a flurry of 
letters to Boyer and MESSENGER. The 
moderator reflected on the statement and 
the reactions he has received. 

"It's taken so much emotional and 
spiritual energy. I knew this would 
generate discussion, and I'm not really 
sorry about that. I'm sorry when it causes 
a congregation to say to the district or 
the General Board that if this is where 
our denomination is going we're not 
going to have anything to do with it. I'm 
sorry when individuals feel like the 
leadership in the church somehow 
doesn't take the Scriptures or Annual 
Conference polity seriously. I've tried to 
answer every personal letter I've gotten 

and explain where I stand with the 
Scriptures and where I stand regarding 
the '83 paper ("Human Sexuality from a 
Christian Perspective." passed by the 
1983 Annual Conference). I don't 
think I'm being unfair to the 
'83 paper. 

"I've asked myself, "Did I misuse my 
position of leadership to say that I 
personally am ready to accept gay and 
lesbian, and bisexual people into 
positions of leadership?' Certainly some 
people feel that I did. Because we work 
for the church and are seen as leaders, it 
is true that we cannot just say something 
as an individual and have it be seen as 
only one other brother or sister in the 
church speaking." 

The criticisms about Boyer have come 
from both friends and strangers. 

"Some are my friends, and some don't 
know me, and have said to me, "You 
shouldn't have done that.' I look at it 
and I've done soul-searching on this. I 
really felt that I was not going against 
church polity. We've said in our '83 
statement that we cannot bless same-sex 
covenantal relationships. And we would 
not want to see sexually promiscuous 
persons in leadership, whether they were 
heterosexual or homosexual. We do not 
have any clear-cut policy that a person 
who is homosexual and is celibate should 
not be in a position of leadership. 

"In retrospect, if I had to do it over, I'd 
say the same thing because I do think we 
have to discuss this more. My hope 
would be that our children and grand- 
children who find themselves to be gay 
and lesbian will find a more open, loving 
denomination. I think that if they are 
going to be accepted, they have to be 
considered for positions of leadership 
and not categorically denied." 

Nearly one year after having the gavel 
passed to his hands. Chuck Boyer 
prepares to open the 207th Annual 
Conference with its light agenda, 
celebrations, and Proclaiming 
God's Peace. 


Mav 1W3 MessencerlS 

Lines you hate to hear 

Will those of you who have been in 
line at the mikes for the past hour, 
waiting to speak on the main 
motion, please step aside for those 
speaking on the amendment? 

Lines by Earle W. Fike Jr. 
Drawings by Paul Stocksdale 


' mmiBar-' 

Your ushering assignment is tl 
back rows of the upper second h 

We weren't able to give you any of 
your three hotel choices. But we are 
sure you'll like the Suburban Coun- 
tryside Inn. 

16 Messenger May 1993 



If you want the hot lunch, you 
should be in that other line. 

To economize, we've made the 
name tags smaller this year. 

The study committee has done a 

wonderful job, and I sense we are 

about to vote, but . . . 

as well as these . . . 

• I'm sorry, but our hotel has no reservations 
under that name. 

• That book was on sale yesterday for 25 percent 

• The shuttle bus runs twice a day. 6 a.m. and 1 1 

• You say I have to work in child care how many 
days in order to enroll my children? 

• Our swimming pool is closed for repairs. 

• I'm sorry, but we have no more tickets for that 

• You're out of order! 

• This seat is reserved for a teller. 

• Have a seat. The doctor will be with you in a 

• On this item, the officers have decided to limit 
speeches to two minutes. We will alternate between 
those in favor of and those opposed to adoption. 

• Are those seats on the other side of you taken? 
Would you mind moving in? 

• It's only a short nine-block walk to the conven- 
tion center. 

• It's so good to see you again. Have you been 

• The officers have decided that we will need a 
late Saturday-evening business session to finish our 

Earle W. Fike Jr.. a former Annual Conference 
moiierator (1982). i.s associale pastor of Stone 
Church of the Brethren. Huntingdon, Pa 

Paul Slocksdale is production assistant on the 
Messenger .staff. 

May 199.1 Messenger 17 

Sudan: We will remember 

by David Radcliff 

"Three thousand people have been 
waiting for two hours to see you! You 
must come over right away!" 

My initial reaction was mild annoy- 
ance. Our group of Brethren \ isitors 
was taking a guided tour of Kenya's 
Kakuma refugee camp at the time. 
(See "Refugees on the Rebound." 
January, page 22.) I wondered if some 
camp officials were interrupting this 
serious look at refugee care merely to 
exchange pleasantries. But we obeyed 
the summons. 

We topped the crest of a hill and 
quickly saw that "three thousand" was a 
low estimate for the sea of humanity we 
saw before us. "We welcome you!" 
sang children's choirs as we were 
enveloped by thousands of people clap- 
ping and singing. 

Group after group of children, dressed 
in clothing adorned with white crosses, 
danced in the dust and sang for us. 
Several choirs employed elaborate 
pantomimes of crucifixion, conflict, and 
reconciliation to express to us their hopes 
and their fears. 

Speakers addressed us with words we 
would hear repeatedly over the next four 
days: "Our message to the people of 
America, and especially to the church, is 
that our people are suffering. We need 
your hands and your prayers, so that we 

may have peace for our land and for our 
churches. The world has forgotten us. 
We hope you will be the ones to tell the 
world about us." 

We had stopped at Kakuma on our 
way from Nairobi, Kenya, to Nimule, in 
.southern Sudan. We were participants in 

'Our visit to Sudan 

reminded us 

of the power in 

remembering. The 

people of Sudan not 

only have suffered 

and died for decades, 

hut they feel 

that their plight 

has gone unnoticed 

by the world.' 

a peacemaking seminar, invited by the 
New Sudan Council of Churches 
(NSCC) and its executive Roger 
Schrock. Roger and Carolyn Schrock 
have been working with NSCC for nearly 
two years, assisting church leaders in 
strengthening the Christian community 

of southern Sudan, racked by decades ol 
civil war. The Schrocks work with relic 
and development in southern Sudan anc 
are a voice for its struggling people. 

We had chosen Sudan as a "case 
study" because there we could find a 
conflict that seemingly characterizes th( 
"new world order" — strife rooted in 
ethnic, religious, and racial differences. 
And we had people "on the ground" in 
the area — the Schrocks, Phil and Louisi 
Rieman (newly arrived workers in 
community development in southern 
Sudan), and Lester and Esther Boleyn 
(working on a project of translating the 
Bible into Nuer). 

Sudan has spent most of its 37 years . 
an independent country locked in a 
bloody civil war, the predominantly 
Muslim and Arab north pitted against 
the black Africans of the south, who an 
Christians or followers of traditional 
animist religions. (See "Sudan: Why Is 
There a War?" January 1987, page 9.) 
the past 10 years alone, war coupled wi 
famine has killed I million Sudanese o 
five percent of the population of about 

This conflict, primarily a Muslim 
"holy war" — but with economic aspects | 
well (the south has oil and croplands)-! 
has led not only to extreme suffering j 
among southern Sudanese but to un- I 
speakable atrocities as well. Sudanese ) 
Roman Catholic Bishop Paride Taban 

The reported crowd of "three thousand" turned out to he a sea of humanity. 

1 8 Mes.senger May 1 993 

orovides an apt analogy: "When two 
elephants fight, it is the grass that 
jets trampled." 

Unfortunately, the north/south contlict 
s not the only one causing suffering 
[imong the people in the south. Over the 
)ast two years, the rebel movement in 
he south (the Sudan People's Liberation 
vlovement — SPLM) has split into three 
actions. The resulting in-fighting has 
:reated thousands of refugees. While the 
>PLM continues to have the general 
upport of the people of the south, the 
outhemers have been angered by 
nstances of the movement's disregard 
or human rights and periodic pirating of 
elicf supplies. 
As a result of this multi-faceted 
ontlict. southern Sudan has been 
e\ astated. The majority of its popula- 
on are either "displaced people" 
.ithin Sudan (2 million having fled 
1 northern Sudan and another 2 million 
) other parts of the south) or refugees ( 1 
lillion in adjoining countries), 
he economy is in a shambles. Health 
are is practically nonexistent. 
The war has totally disrupted the way 
f life for hundreds of thousands of 
udanese. fleeing from one refuge to 
- nother over the past few years. The 
linka people, whose society is organized 
round cattle-herding, have been 
^moralized by the loss of their herds, 
hich had to be left behind in their 
ight. "The impact of this loss on the 
'inkas' family and social life is tremen- 
aus," notes Carolyn Schrock. "Children 
e more likely to inquire about the 
sence of the cattle than about the 
sence of even a parent." 
Compounding the problems in the 
buth was the departure of United 
ations personnel last fall after three of 
Jeir number were killed. Most relief 
pplies now are shipped in by Catholic 
[elief Services, including blankets and 
jiod from Church World Service. 
Our reception at Kakuma was matched 
/ one at Aswa camp on our first full day 
Sudan. Aswa is one of several camps 
irth of Nimule with up to 50,000 

Said Rebekah Lueth, "We are suffering here because we are 
Christians. You have left us here to be killed during 37 years 
of fighting. Is it because we are black people?" 

refugees in each of them. We were met at 
Aswa by a boisterous procession of 
hundreds of people. They went before 
and behind our vehicles, singing, 
dancing, waving reed crosses and hand- 
lettered signs of welcome. 

As we settled under a sunshade 
shelter, the crowd chanted "Long live the 
American delegation! Long live the 
NSCC!" A photograph of Bill Clinton 
was passed around. Feeling uncomfort- 
ably mistaken for world leaders, we 
listened as people told us about the 
conditions of the suffering Sudanese and 
about their hopes for our visit. 

An old man: "We to be enslaved 
by the Muslims. We were bom Africans. 
We must live as Africans. We will die 
Africans. As Christians, we don't want 
to say that Islam is bad; it \s fundamen- 
talism that is wrong. Even if Muslims 
call for holy war. we will not call for 
a crusade." 

An old woman: "Manv of the 

children who were running with us 
drowned in the rivers when we fled from 
Ethiopia. We must keep our belongings 
tied up to be ready to run. We are always 
running. If you have come to see our 
suffering — how we eat, sleep, live — you 
have seen it. If you are people of Clinton, 
tell him about our lives. Our lives are in 
your hands." 

It was humbling and startling to be 
received as saviors, to have such hope 
placed in our visit. In the eyes of these 
people, our country had the power to 
intervene in their tragic situation . . . 
as — they repeatedly reminded us — the 
United States had done in the Persian 
Gulf and Somalia. We were seen as US 
representatives, even called, at one point, 
the "12 disciples of Clinton." 

The pleas for help that we heard at 
Aswa camp and Aswa hospital, at the 
feeding centers, at a school for displaced 
children, at a medical facility run b\' the 
rebel movement, and earlier at Kakuma. 

May 144,^ Me.ssenaer 19 

Peacemaking for these times: 

New dynamics are at work in our world. Old orders, often kept "orderly" by 
militan. force, are passing away, only to be replaced by a disturbing disorder. 
What will the Church of the Brethren have to contribute to this increasingly 
fragmented world? 

At the conclusion of its experience, the seminar group brought together the 
following obser\ ations and recommendations for the peace witness of the Church 
of the Brethren. 

1. We must dialog with all parties in a conflict and have empathy for all. 

e\ en if we do not agree with their position. In Sudan, we saw that talking with 
both the rebels and the leaders of the national government is important as the 
church serves as a peacemaking presence and as a voice for the people caught in 
the crossfire. 

2. We must remember who we are and not be co-opted by one side or the other. 
Leaders of both the north and the south attempt to sway our opinions and gain 
our support for their cause; our job is to be true to our nonviolent Christian 
witness and to seek the truth. 

3. We need to be there "on the ground." both to be informed and to make our 
contribution. Situations like the one in Sudan are extremely complex and require 
time and sensitivity to understand. 

4. Being present in conflict situations can strengthen our commitment to 
nonviolence and peacemaking. From our experience, we saw that "military 
solutions" almost always increase the suffering of the common people. 

5. We must be peacemakers here (in our communities and nation) as well as 
there (wherever that may be), making peace at different levels. 

6. We need to address the roots of injustice and conflict. Long-standing 
inequities and prejudices, made more deadly by the availability of imported 
weapons, fuel conflicts such as the one in Sudan. 

7. Relief aid is not "pure." It always has a political impact and it does not 
always go exactly where it is intended or accomplish exactly what we may wish. 
TTiis should not stop us from sending aid. but should make us aware of its effect 
and of the need to monitor its distribution carefully. 

8. Our theories about peace need to be complemented by experience in 
conflict areas, while our experiences in the field need the discipline of rigorous 
academic study. 

9. We need to be calling and training people who have peacemaking skills as 
well as expertise in particular geographic regions. We need to support our 
colleges as they provide this kind of training. 

10. TTie Church of the Brethren needs consistent, long-term commitments to 
peacemaking in particular regions. This is important as we seek to call people to 
serve in these areas, and as we contribute to peace and reconciliation in a 
particular situation. 

1 1 . Peacemaking education must take place in our churches and with our 
children and in our communities. This must include a willingness to struggle 
with the complexities of peacemaking. 

12. As US citizens, we have a particular responsibility for peacemaking, given 
our nation's past record of encouraging militarism and its present status as the 
remaining global military power — David Radcliff 

were dramatically reiterated for us on our 
last day in Sudan. 

At the end of a tour of Ame camp. 
Rebekah Lueth stepped from a crowd of 
a hundred women and spoke powerfully 
and poignantly for her people: "The 

20 Messenger May 1993 

British came and brought us Christianity 
and then left us here. We are suffering 
here because we are Christians. You 
have left us here to be killed during 
37 years of war. Is it because we are 
black people? 

"These are the only survivors," 
Rebekah said, gesturing around her. "If 
they die, there is not another generation 
to replace them. Our suffering is only a 
matter of color, but we are all of one 
race, children of the same mother." 

From our time in the Horn of Africa 
we learned just how complicated is the 
conflict there. We learned that the 
people of Sudan are victims and pawns, 
desperately needing stability, security, 
and the preservation of their culture. We 
learned that our being US citizens brings 
an extra measure of expectation from 
others, while placing additional responsi- 
bility on us. We learned that war is not 
the answer in situations such as that in 
Sudan. We learned that it is possible to 
work nonviolently for peace in a situa- 
tion of war. 

.Although the church in southern 
Sudan has its struggles, and certainly is 
suffering, it also is alive, well, and 
growing. It was only because of the 
vitality and witness of the church that 
we could leave Sudan with a sense of 
hope. "I really was proud to be a Chris- 
tian among those people," said John 
Jones, from OregonAVashington Distric 
"They were living out what I alwa>s 
have believed." 

The Brethren presence is deeph' appre 
ciated. "God has sent Roger (Schrock) ti 
us," said Bishop Nathaniel Garang. 

Our visit to Sudan reminded us of the 
power in remembering. The people of 
Sudan not only ha\e suffered and died 
for decades, but they feel that their pligl 
has gone unnoticed by the world. If our 
group accomplished nothing else, it 
provided an audience for a forgotten 
people to express their hopes and their 
fears, and in so doing to cling more 
firmly to the hope that the world w ill 
finally hear their cries. 

I honored this hope, while giving voi' 
to the commitment of our group and ou 
denomination, by saying to our Sudane: 
hosts at each stop, "We will remember 
you and your story when we go home. 
We will remember you the rest 
of our lives." 


David Radcliff is peace cnnsultanl on the Wor. 
Ministries Commission staff. 

by Robin 
Wentworth App 

Stepping Stones is a column offering 
suggestions, perspectives, and 
opinions — snapshots of life — that we 
hope are helpful to readers in their 
Christian journey. As the writer said 
in her first installment, "Remember, 
when it comes to managing life' s 
difficulties, we don't need to walk on 
water. We just need to learn where 
the stepping stones are" 


It was storming outside. My 
sleep-sogged mental state 
registered that fact as my 
entire body protested the 
invasion of slumber. I 
squinted at my digital clock 
blinking at me like a neon 
sign: Three a.m. Good, that 
left nearly three hours till the 
alarm would go off. I 
snuggled back down into the 
bedclothes, letting my mind 
drift off to the midnight 
music of the abating storm. 

Outside, the wind began 
whooshing instead of 
howling, the thunder 
rumbled distantly, the 
lightning became a fading 
flicker, and the rain pattered 
gently against the window. 
Inside, the drone of the fan 
provided background noise 
for the rhythmic flapping of 
bat wings above my head. 

Bat wings above my head"^ 

There is a phrase used 
several times in the Old 
Testament to describe the 
total evaporation of spirit and 
courage: "Their hearts 
melted within them." I 
understand now from 
firsthand experience what it 
feels like to have your heart 
melt within you. I shriveled 
beneath the covers and 
peered into the darkness, 
straining to separate form 
from shadow. Silently I 
pleaded: "Please, God, don't 
let it be true!" 

But it was true. I saw the 
creature circling and 
swooping, trying in vain to 

find an exit. 

For several endless 
minutes, I lay there frozen, 
absolutely terrified, and not 
at all convinced that the 
supposedly harmless little 
rodent would not suddenly 
metamorphaose into a 
ghoulish character who 
would say: "I vant to drink 
your blood!" 

Where, oh where, are all 
the knights in shining armor 
when you need one? I knew 
what had to be done. I knew 
how to do it. And I knew it 
had to be done immediately 
lest the creature disappear 
into some hiding place, 
only to emerge and terrorize 
me later. 

I was just too scared to 
do it. 

But somehow I started 
moving. I crawled out of 
bed and out of the room. 
Closing the door to confine 
the bat, 1 hunted up an old 
tennis racquet. 

Back in the bedroom, I 
dropped back to my knees 
and used the racquet to push 
the light switch up. There 
was the bat, crawling out of a 
box on the top of my bureau. 
Its ugly little face seemed to 
be sneering all kinds of 
unprintable bat names at me. 

It start tlying again. 

Still on my knees (with 
head bowed and eyes closed), 
I whacked at it everytime I 
"felt" it dip near me. I don't 
know how many attempts it 
took. I do know that the next 

day the muscles in my arms 
were sore. 

Finally I had a stroke of 
luck. About that time the 
commotion woke up my son, 
who came and gave me 
moral support while I 
scooted the dead bat into a 
plastic bag. Resisting the • 
urge to drive a stake through 
its heart and bury it with a 
silver cross, I took it outside 
to the garbage. I briefly 
considered hanging a wreath 
of garlic on my door. 

Now for the moral of 
the story: 

Being scared to do 
something doesn't mean we 
shouldn't do it. Fear has a 
way of distorting our 
perspective and giving rise to 
thinking that is more 
superstitious than rational. 
When we allow fear to 
dictate our decisions we give 
it power over us. As long as 
we cooperate with it, we 
remain its prisoner. Once we 
confront it. we're free. 

What is it in your life that 
gives rise to irrational fear? 
Maybe it's time to "get on 
your knees" and start 
"whacking." You probably 
won't defeat it with your 
first attempt, but as long as 
you keep praying . . . and 
trying . . . you will 
overcome it. 


Robin Wenmorth .App is a 
therapist from Nappanee, Ind. She 
currently is interim pastor of 
Pleasant Valley Church of the 
Brethren, Middlebury, Ind. 

May 1993 Messenger 21 




by Ton van den Doel 

For [fie wisdom of this world is foolish- 
ness with God. For it is written. "He 
catches the wise in their craftiness." 
and again. "The Lord knows the 
thoughts of the wise, that they are 
futile" (I Cor. 3:19-20). 

* * * 

When a young boy got a toy that had to 
be "assembled." his father watched him 
from behind his newspaper. The boy 
tried it this way and that, but was 
unsuccessful. Finally, in total frustration. 
he threw in the towel and exclaimed that 
he could not get the toy together. His 
father asked him if he had really tried 
every way. and the boy claimed that he 
had: ""Nothing works!" Then his father 
said kindly. "You did not ask me yet." 

That is a parable of our relationship 
with God. We can learn all kinds of 
tricks on our own. but real insight comes 
from the Lord. Tennyson put it this way: 
'"Knowledge comes, but wisdom lingers." 
Wisdom, the ancient Hebrews said, is the 
art of living. True wisdom is a God- 
given virtue, an attitude of life, even an 
art to be practiced. 

The Bible has a lot to say about this 
matter. ""The fear of the Lord is the 
beginning of wisdom" (Psa. 111:10, 
Prov. 9:10). That is the start. King 
Solomon prayed to God for wisdom and 
he received it. In the book of Proverbs, 
wisdom is often mentioned: "'The 
beginning of wisdom is this: Get 
wisdom, and whatever else you get, get 
insight" (Prov. 4:7); "So teach us to 
count our days, that we may gain a wise 
heart" (Psa. 90:12). In the Bible, then, 
wisdom is the ability to make thought 
is.sue in appropriate action. It is not 
theory, but practice. The Bible is full of 
advice concerning wisdom, because to 

22 Mes.senger May 1993 

live well is an indication that we 
understand the will of God. 

There is a story about the Emperor 
Napoleon, who was reviewing his troops 
while on horseback. He was a short man 
and terribly vain, so height was impor- 
tant to him. Suddenly his horse was 
frightened and threatened to throw off 
the emperor. An alert corporal quickly 
grabbed the reins and thus saved the 
emperor from falling off the horse. 

"Thank you, captain." the em- 
peror said. 

The corporal remained alert: "Of 
which regiment, majesty?" 

"Of my own honor guard," Napo- 
leon answered. 

Alertness is an important characteris- 
tic of the sincere and dedicated Chris- 
tian. Such a one ought to be forever on 
the lookout for the Lord's true interests. 


he Bible points out that the pursuer of 
wisdom may have to suffer in the 
process. That is what the book of Job is 
all about. It is also what Ecclesiastes 
cynically stresses. And the New Testa- 
ment points out that it is a matter of 
wisdom to strive for perfection: "Be 
perfect, therefore, as your heavenly 
Father is perfect" (Matt. 5:48). 

Being wise is not only a matter of 
being in tune with God. but also with 
other people. A man passed a jewelry 
store on his way to work. Every day he 
stopped and set his watch by a clock in 
the window. One day the jeweler came 
outside and asked him why he did this. 

"Well," the man said, " I am respon- 
sible for blowing the whistle in the 
factory, and so my watch has to show the 
correct time." 

The jeweler was dumbfounded: "But I 
always set my clocks by your whistle!" 
he exclaimed. 

It is a perfect example of being in tune 
and yet being wrong. The point is that 
wi.sdom has to be connected to God, as 
the wisdom of this world is but foolish- 
ness with God. For that reason, we must 

confess our inadequacy in prayer and 
thereby open our hearts to the influx of 
God's wisdom. "If any of you is lacking 
in wisdom, ask God, who gives to all 
generously and ungrudgingly" (Jas. 1:5). 

Having wisdom is being in tune with 
God. To achieve that status, we ought to 
be listening to what God says to us. 
Unfortunately, many people listen, but 
do not hear. IVIany years ago, in the days 
when the telegraph played a great role 
in communications, an ad appeared in 
the newspaper: "Wanted: Telegraph 
helper. Must know Morse code." A 
young man went to the personnel office 
of the company, only to find it crowded 
with other applicants. Those were 
depression years, and many men were 
looking for a job. 

While they were talking, the appli- 
cants kept watching the door of the 
manager's office. Suddenly the young 
man got up and walked straight into that 
office. A few moments later he came out 
again and said: "You may all leave, for 
they gave nie the job." 

You can imagine how the other men's 
anger flared up. What right did he have 
to walk in ahead of everyone else? 

The young man explained. "While 
you were talking, I heard the manager 
tap out this message on the window of 
his door in Morse code: 'If the one who 
hears this message will come in, he may 
have the job.' " 

You see, listening is not enough. 
Understanding plays a decisive role. 

In the first century before Christ, the 
philosopher Horace said it sharply: "Th( 
beginning of wisdom is to be done with 
folly." But that is only a start. Next we 
must realize that the wisdom of this 
world is foolishness with God, as the 
apostle Paul says (1 Cor. 3:19). All of 
this can then culminate in the convictic 
that the fear of the Lord is the 
beginning of all wisdom. 

Ton van den Dad. ajhrmer mhsinnary in 
Nigeria. Indone.'iia. ami Surinam, is pas/or nfilie 
Prciiesiani CInircli iifArnha. an island ojf the coa 
of Venezuela, 

Nightmares from hell 

ly Bemie Wiebe 

'BU'ssecl are you who are poor. 
for yours is the kingdom of 

essed are you who are 

hungry now, 
for you will he filled.' 
essed are you who weep now. for you 

I laugh' " (Lukeb:20h-2I>. 

* * * 

as one of 16 emissaries for peace — a 
ristian Peacemaker Team (CPT) — to 
iti this past December. We went to be 
(servers" for ourselves of the current 
iti reality. We v\ent to express 
lidarity" with Christians in Haiti — 
'h the believers and the mission- 
iited workers. We went to engage in 
iistructive "dialog" that might help us 
1 help those who are trying to live and 
vork in Haiti's brutalized society. We 
nted to demonstrate a micro-version 
'incarnation" (Advent) in the midst of 
ill's increasingly unbridled violence. 
t became the most memorable 
dvent" of my life. 

Ve were mobbed at the airport. Doz- 
of hungry, poverty-stricken people 
ited to be our "porters." in anticipa- 
1 of getting some "hope" (money, that 
from us. Our hosts urged us not to 
lllin in this manner; it would make 
iWement impossible. It disturbed me. 
<Ve went for a drive to the hilltops 
>\c Port-au-Prince, the capital city of 
lie than a million people. Looking 
LT the beautiful setting of mountains. 
. and endless buildings — yet realizing 
[ daily tortures and murders happening 
rein — 1 was reminded of Jesus weep- 
as he viewed his beloved Jerusalem. 
»Ve stayed in two places — men at one: 
men at the other. The men stayed at a 
iservative mission's guesthouse — for 

night. When our hosts learned of our 
lis, they feared we might be consid- 
d "political," and asked us to leave — 
soon as possible. There was "no 
im" at that inn . . . for us! 
acques (not his real name), a Haitian 

teacher released from prison and hiding 
in a "safe house." told us about his time 
in prison. "No air, no light, no fresh 
water, no clean food. Men and women 
were crowded together tightly in the cell. 
You could lie down only upon your 
neighbors. The only latrine facility was a 
bucket occasionally passed around 

among the prisoners." 

Rats ran across the bare feet of Jacques 
and his cellmates. The guards jeered and 
insulted them. When dirty water was 
made even more dirty from the prisoners 
washing themselves, there was still 
always a thirsty person ready to drink it. 
A doctor looked in. but tumed away 

Barry Bantel, an 
attorney from Salem, 
Ore., read a CPT 
statement to the press 
in front of the US 
Embassy in Port-au- 
Prince before the 
group left Haiti. 
In front of the 
National Palace in 
Port-au-Prince is a 
statue depicting 
Baukman blowing his 
conch shell. He 
rallied Haitians to 
resist the French in 
the early 1800s. 

Ma\ IW.* Mcs,scni;er23 

without offering treatment to bruised, 
broken, and bleeding bodies. 

.And yet. Jacques spoke of faith and 
hope in God and in us. Was this the 
"road to Cal\ ar\'"? How can you and I 
ever iruh know the mind and the spirit 
of Christ until we ha\ e been imprisoned 
at least once — for our faith? 

.■\ civil ser\ ant walked into his office 
after the September 1 99 1 coup and met 
with a beating and a quick trip to prison. 
He w as accused of treason, but his 
accusers found no evidence. Meanwhile, 
his meager salary was cut in half, his 
colleagues jeered at him. and his work 
was reduced largely to nonsense. When 
he talked to us. he was hoping his 
October pav would come in January. 

A model teacher was beaten viciously 
in front of her class. One of her students 
fainted at the sight. RudeK her captors 
hauled her away, made her remove her 
shoes and her belt, and shoved her into a 
prison cell. The stench v\as so strong that 
she had to struggle to remain conscious. 

One young man was beaten and shot 
in the streets and left for dead. Taken to 
a hospital, he sunived. and it appeared 
that he would recover. The army or 
Tdnhiii Macoutes (the secret police) shot 
him to death right in the hospital. 

Meetings including more than three 
Haitians at a time are illegal. .Atrocities 
exceed the worst days of the Duvaliers 
(infamous father and son dictators of 
several years ago), say local citizens. 
Repeatedly, the army, the de facto 
govemment. and the Macoutes exercise 
random violence to intimidate the 
citizenry'. The embargo against Haiti is a 
mockery: Ships were docked by the score 
in the harbor. In the meantime, the 
Haitian refugee exit by boat has been 
largely stopped. If there was a will, the 
embargo also could be enforced. 

People wonder aloud about the 
intentions of the United Nations, the US. 
and the Organization of American 
States. Is Haiti simply being abandoned 
for plunder to those who benefit from 
such illicit dealings? 

One Haitian told us. ""Hell is not 
another place. I know where it is. I have 
been there. It's a Cap-Haitien prison!" 

24 .Messenger May 1993 

Most of the Bible's descriptions of hell 
fit some of the stories told us by the 
people who tr) to live there. 

Haiti, a mountainous country with 
magnificent scenery — yet scarred beyond 
human belief — is the poorest country in 
our hemisphere: It is 75 percent illiter- 
ate. 30 percent unemployed, and more 
than 50 percent undemourished. Its post- 
coup per capita annual income is 
estimated by some at $150 (US). Some 
suburbs of Port-au-Prince look like 
inhabited garbage dumps. 

This is Haiti, where on December 16. 
1990. a desert wanted to bloom! Jean 
Bertrand Aristide, a Catholic priest, was 
democratically elected by a 67-percent 
majority in the first free elections ever 
held in Haiti. Former US President 
Jimmy Carter, among 1.000 observers 
who approved this creative step in Haiti, 
said he witnessed joyous national elation 
like he rarelv had ever seen before. 


'ptimism and hope blossomed across 
the land upon Aristide's inauguration in 
January 1991. Initiatives in education, 
humanization of the army and govem- 
ment. and peasant developments mush- 
roomed across Haiti. Human dignity and 
pride led to amazing transformations of 
unkept towns and villages. Land began 
to burst forth with fresh crops. New 
building projects multiplied out of 

Was this the biblical prophecy finally 
being fulfilled also for Haiti? The masses 
hoped so, and churches were filled to 
overflowing. Haitians are by nature a 
long-suffering people who readily 
respond to the smallest symbols of love 
and hope. They sang and rejoiced like 
never before. 

In September 1991, the army toppled 
Aristide. For seven months the sun had 
shone. Darkness now descended over- 
night. The army, the Macoutes. and the 
bourgeois elite once again took over. 
Saddest of sadnesses, the conservative 
Christian churches and the Catholic 
hierarchy seem to have acted in collusion 
with the coup. TTie US also is highly 
suspected of tuming a blind eye to the 

coup for political gain — to maintain 
more control of the seas around Haiti. 
And many neighboring countries refuse 
to help enforce the embargo because the 
benefited economically from the chaos i 

'On the day that you stood aside, 
on the day that strangers carried 
off his wealth, 
and foreigners entered his gates 
and cast lots for Jerusalem, 
you too were like one of them' 
(Ohad. 1:11). 

'Woe to you who are laughing 

for you will mourn arid weep' 
(Luke 6:25b). 

We met a professional Haitian educa 
tor, a Haitian animator of the peasants 
Haitian health-care worker, priests, nui 
numerous other believers from many 
backgrounds and parts of the country 
(including expatriate workers), who sti 
believe. They believe in God. They 
believe in their dream for Haiti. They 
believe in the goodness of the rest of th 
world. the\ believe in our Christian 
Peacemaker Team of 16 people. They 
believe in you and in me. 

I came home with a slight "bug" froi 
Haiti. 1 went on extra medication for a 
month just in case it was malaria. But 
didn't miss an hour of work, nor a 
minute of Christmas and New Year's 
celebrations with family and friends. \ 
appetite is still too good for my waistli 

Occasionally, at night, I wake up to 
more than the fever "sweat and chills, 
fierce headaches, numbness in the join 
I had in Haiti my last day there. I wakt 
up and wonder what it is that you and 
must do besides pray for Haiti? Even 
besides going there with CPT? 

These nightmares from Haiti's 
"hell" refuse to go away. 


Bernie Wiebe. former editor of The MennoniKj 
leaches Conflict Resolution Studies ai Menno 
Simons College. Winnipeg. Manitoba. Wiebe is 
assistant moderator of the General Conference 
Mennomie Church. 


by Inez Long 

Two generations ago. Messenger 
published my article. "Unity, not 
Uniformity." The article addressed 
changes which I, a birthright Brethren, 
had experienced as I moved into eastern 
Pennsylvania from Brethren life and 
customs west of the Mississippi River, 
from a Brethren college campus in 
Indiana, and a parsonage in Ohio. The 
changes, all within intensive Brethren 
radition, focused not only on different 
customs, such as the garb, the prayer 
/eil, and patriarchal authority, but on 
ienominational geography and venerable 
listory. The changes moved me to 
;ncourage unity, not uniformity, in the 
;ongregation after World War II mobil- 
ty, increased education, marriage 
mtside Brethren circles, urban ways. 
ind rising expectations. 

During the period between 1950 and 
960. new church buildings sprang up in 
longregations large and small, rural and 
illage, city and metropolitan. Change 
vas visible. During this period, church 
nembership grew, not only in numbers 
ind stewardship, but also in attitude: 
Jrethren moved into the modem world, 
vhere they had found a niche in the 
vorkplace beyond the farm, on campus, 
nd in office. Change became increas- 
ingly dramatic in the 1970s during 
novements, pro and con, on conscien- 
ious objection, civil rights, and femi- 
lism. In the process, loyalty to one's 
ongregation was buried by many. 
lome Brethren accepted new ways of 
[linking, others hung onto old patterns. 
nd many more avoided controversy or 

mained silent. 

Meanwhile, within these dramatic 

orientations, academically minded 
rethren analyzed the condition of the 
hurch. They interested themselves in 
tieology and sociology, which presented 
erbal and intellectual complexities that 
ould be discussed only in professional 
rticles or seminars. During this time, 
ly husband and I. persisting in congre- 
ational work through two generations, 
stened, rarely attended seminars, and 
ever spoke out. We found that our 


sympathies had moved to the every- 
Sunday worshipers, weekday volunteers, 
and steady planners — people who tried 
desperately to know what was going on 
in circles beyond them. 

Presently the Church of the Brethren, 
like other denominations, is trying to 
include those people who feel separated, 
left behind, even twice-buried by 
changes in the "SOs and "60s, the "70s 
and "80s. All agree that change is 
coming faster. Yet they hope ardently to 
"keep up."" They fear that the train has 
been gone a long time and they are left 
standing alone. 

Inclusive language and proposals 
escape them. They try to accept what 

'They plod along, 

burdened with cargo 

they do not 

understand and 
requests for money 
they want to honor, 

vhile all the time 

they seek to trust 

I:.- , and leaders 

beyond them/ 

they do not understand from intellectu- 
als, officials, and multi-cultural advo- 
cates. Exclusion seems to be the lot of 
those left behind, yet they plod along, 
wondering where to catch up. They 
plod along, burdened with cargo they do 
not understand and requests for money 
they want to honor, while all the time 
they seek to trust ideas and leaders 
beyond them. 

Their predicament reminds me of the 
words of Jesus to the Jews of his time 
who were under Roman rule. They were 
compelled by Roman soldiers to carry 
heavy armor and gear because they were 
under Roman rule. They knew that 
power was on the side of a foreign 
invader. Jesus saw their plight. He 
knew the danger of resistance. He told 

the disciples. "If anyone forces you 
to go one mile, go also the second 
mile" (Matt. 5:41). 

Wisdom lay in this kind of submission 
by the lower class who. with neither 
naivete nor self-pity, knew that final 
power was on their side because they had 
the staying power to outlast foreign 
power. They would plod along after the 
arrogance of power had had its day. 

Just so, faithful church members who 
recognize they cannot understand the 
words, the programs, the requests of 
those in power will withstand . . . and 
with grace. Time is on the side of 
commonplace, everyday loyalty. 

On the other hand, Jesus told about 
those who choose to resist. If a church 
member measures his resources and 
decides to become an adversary, he is 
wise to judge first if he can win over 
those who come against him. Thus, in 
today's congregations, members are both 
acquiescent and adversarial, hoping that 
they will not be conquered or buried by 
the range of powers they perceive to be 
armed against the church faithful. 

As I recall the Church of the Brethren 
growing from uniformity into unity. I 
know that Brethren can establish a new 
generation with new ways and new 
attitudes after the 1970s and 1990s. Just 
as we unified despite our differences in 
the 1950s. '60s. and "70s in matters of 
tradition and local practices, we can now 
embrace a second generation of change. 
The period from the '70s to the present 
can bring an inclusive attitude into the 
last decade of his century. 

We will be able to welcome those with 
status and identity beyond our own kind, 
and erase from ourselves the stigma of 
exclusive attitudes and actions. Mean- 
while, as the faithful endure despite 
powers which they feel compelled to 
obey, they continue to ask the question 
"Why are those outside Brethren beliefs 
and practices included by church leaders 
who do not include me with the 
same generosity they give 
to outsiders?" 


Inez Lotii;. a freelance writer, is a wriiini^ 
instniclor al York Cflllei;e of Pennsylvania. 
York. Pa. 

Mav 1993 Messenger 25 

If you don't belong to 

a credit union, now's 


Today's economy is a 
challenge, and most of us need 
ever>' advantage we can get to 
make our money go further. 
Credit unions make a big differ- 
ence for more than 62 million 
members world-wide, offering 
lower rates on loans and higher 
rates on savings. 

As America's only not-for- 
profit, member-owned financial 
cooperatives, credit unions have 
earned their unique status by 
providing competitive products, 
unbiased information, and 
unmatched personal service. 

Find out for yourself. Turn 
over a new leaf and join 
Brethren Employees' Credit 
Union and learn why "members 
make the difference." 

Eligible persons: anyone who 
receives pay from any Church of 
the Brethren agency (employees of 
retirement homes, colleges, 
churches, General Board, etc. 
BECU members' immediate 
family are also eligible.). Contact 
us for more information. 

Brethren Employees' 

Credit Union 
1451 Dundee Avenue 
Elgin, Illinois 60120 
Phone: 708-742-5100 

Better rates. 

Better service. 

Better join! 


Not quite captured 

Eric Bishop's January article on the 
National Older Adult Conference was 
excellent, but it did not begin to capture 
the way my soul still sings in memory of 
the scenery thai, for me. created a 
mar\'elous backdrop for all the move- 
ment of the Spirit throughout the whole 

All elements of the program were 
uplifting and sent us home with much to 
think about. 

Olive Peters 
East Petersburg, Pa. 

A shrewdly chosen name 

Reading Lois Snyder's article "How 
Shall We Educate Our Children?" 
(March cover story) reminded me that 
many Brethren wish to "work for 
education and excellence for our children 
and youth." 

As we pursue this worthy goal, we 
need, however, to be careful in choosing 
organizations to join. 

Although Lois Snyder did not mention 
Citizens for Excellence in Education 
(CEE — a national organization of 
parents, educators, and citizens), many 
Brethren may encounter neighbors who 
belong to it. 

That group's name was shrewdly 
chosen. Who among us would no! wish 
to work to strengthen educational 
opportunities for all American youth? 
But there is a catch: The group's 
handbook states that the goal of CEE is 
"to take complete control of all local 
school boards (of the 15,700 school 
districts in America) ... in order to 

The (ipinidiis CApics.scd here are nal necessarily 
those of the magazine. Readers should receive them 
in the same spirit with which differing opinions are 
expressed in face-lo-faee conversations. 

Letters should he brief, concise, and respectful of 
the opinions of others. Preference is given to letters 
that respond directly to items read in the magazine. 

He are willing to withhold the name of a writer 
only when, in our editorial judgment, it is 
warranted. We will not consider any letter that 
comes to us unsigned. Whether or not we print the 
letter, the writer' s name is kept in strictest 

Address letters to Mrssenc;er Editor. I4SI 
DuiuleeAve.. Elgin. IL 60120. 

select . . . textbooks, . . . curriculum, . . . 
superintendents, and principals." 

Any time a group, religious or other- 
wise, seeks the power to determine what 
will be taught in America's public 
schools, all of us should be concerned. 
This group's agenda, rather than being 
educational, is political, couched in 
religious terminology. 

Our public schools need the publicity, 
concern, and exposure that the Snyder 
article provides. But they do not need the 
work of groups such as the CEE . . . 
regardless of how well intentioned their 
members may be. 

Name withheld hy rec/iies 

Brightening the corner 

I am dismayed by critics of Bethany 
Seminary's move such as Calvin Keelinj 
(see "Bethany Stuck Back in Comer," 
March, page 25). | 

What's the sense of remaining at such 
an expansive site as our Oak Brook, 
campus while student enrollment 
decreases, faculty and administration ar( 
cut to the bare bones, and our physical 
plant falls into disrepair? To stay at Oal 
Brook, given our situation, would be 
gross mismanagement and poor stewarc 

As for Bethany being "stuck back in i 
comer." it is obvious that Calvin Keeliri 
has not visited the Richmond. Ind.. site 
of the new Bethany Seminary building. 
During Annual Conference week there 
will be bus tours to the site provided. 
Sunday aftemoon, June 27, everyone at 
Conference is invited to the new Bethai 
ground-breaking at Richmond. 

Yes, it's sad to leave our beautiful O; 
Brook campus, but let's balance that 
sadness with anticipation of the excitin 
opportunities awaiting us on our new 
Richmond campus. 

Mark E. Sh 
Oak Brook, 

Spending a restless night 

For many years I had enjoyed being 
Brethren. Tonight, however, I am very 
disturbed, having read the February H 
Reader's Di};est article, "The Gospel 

26 Messenger May 1 993 

'According to Karl Marx." 

Should the Church of the Brethren 
Darticipate in the World Council of 
rhurches (WCC)? Has the WCC taken 
he wrong direction? 

Kalhryn L. Butterhaugh 
Centreville. Mich. 

Reader's Digest no Bible 

1 appreciated the March editorial 
ilefendina the World Council of 
rhurches (WCC) against the Reader's 
')igesr attack on it. 

Too many good people read Reader's 
')igest as if it were the Bible, not 
ecognizing the slant of certain articles 
n it. 

i I hope that Brethren who might have 
jaken Harriss" word as gospel will 
iecognize the MESSENGER editorial as 
leing nearer the truth. From that 
Iditorial and general secretary Don 
'/liller's article on the WCC (April, page 

Yes, it's an 80th birthday 
party for Ken Morse at the 


Thursday, June 24, 

1993, 5 p.m. 
Indianapolis, Ind. 

Come and enjoy the meal 
and fellowship, wish Ken a 
happy birthday, and hear 
him reminisce about his 
career as a w riter, poet, 
hymn-writer, and (of 
course) MESSENGER editor. 

And send Ken a birthday card on his 
May JOth birthday: 309 Hickory Lane. 
North Manchester. IN 46962. 





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22). a clear perspective on our WCC 
relationship emerges. 

People who still doubt might ask 
Pegg> Reiff Miller about the Church of 
the Brethren influence on a WCC 
worship gathering. The world needs the 
WCC and the WCC needs us. 

Esther E. Frcy 
Mount Morris. III. 

• I appreciated the February editorial 
and the April article supporting the 
World Council of Churches (WCC) in 
the face of the Reader's Digest attack. 

When Chung Hyun Kyung addressed 
the WCC assembly in Canberra, I had a 
good seat right in front of her. I re- 
marked to the person beside me that the 
men following her in the week would be 





We invite you to join thousands of Brethren 
by insuring your property in an association 
owned and operated for members of the 


Insure your property today in a way that allows your 
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hard put to offer as much inspiration as 
she did to the thousands who heard her. 

The February editorial is right. We 
never needed in the past to look under 
our bed for communists before kneeling 
for prayer. And we have nothing to fear 
from communism today; its last vestiges 
are going. 

As we work together under Jesus 
Christ, we can help Christ build the 
kingdom according to God's will. All 
nations stand under God's judgment. 
The closer we come to Christ, the closer 
we come to each other. 

E. Paul Weav( 
Everett. Pi\ 

Outraged at the moderator 

We suggest that Annual Conference 
moderator Chuck Boyer. who says that 
he is "ready to accept gay, lesbian, and 
bisexual people into positions of leader- 
ship in the church" (February, page 15) 
read 1 Corinthians 5:6-9, 12; 6:9-10; ar 
Romans 1:26-32. ! 

Mr. and Mrs. Chester Huh] 
Goshen. In\ 

• Before they are placed in responsibi 
positions in the church, homo.sexuals 
must repent and demonstrate that they 
are living the Christian life. To let 
everyone interpret the Bible as he sees I 
is very dangerous. We inust take the 
Bible literally. 

Mrs. Kenneth Glas 
Loiidonville. Ol 

• Regarding gays, lesbians, and 
bixesuals in positions of leadership in I 
church, we don't want our children, ou 
grandchildren, or those of our neighbo, 
to be taught by that kind of people. I 

Esther and Oliver Stii l> 
dishing. 01 Y 

• Moderator Charles Boyer should 
read Jude: 4,7, which says. "For there 
certain men crept in unawares, who w( 
before of old ordained to this condemn 
tion, ungodly men, turning the grace c 
our God into lasciviousness, and deny 
the only Lord God, and our Lord Jesuf 
Christ. . . . Even as Sodom and 

28 Messenger May 1993 


jomorrah. and the cities about them in 
ike manner, giving themselves over to 
omication, and going after strange 
llesh, are set forth for an example, 
uffering the vengeance of eternal fire" 

If brother Boyer, in his sermon at 
\nnual Conference, does not call sin 
sin," I intend to walk out. 

Ron Nicoclemns 
Osceola, hut. 

The Bible clearly states that the 
lomosexual lifestyle is sinful. The 
loderator is going against the official 
osition of the church that it established 
1 1983. 

Roherl and Wilnia Lvnuinslall 
Bradenlon. Flu. 

• Sodom and Gomorrah were de- 
troyed because of homosexuality (Gen. 
|9). Jesus Christ is alive, watching 
iverything we do and say. We should be 
Peking the mind of Christ, instead of 
Hf. ^ 

Robert Ma he 

Woodlawn. Va. 


' • 1 Corinthians 5 tells us what the 
jhurch is to do about sexual immorality, 
llomosexuality is sexual immorality. 
;rael was constantly warned not to mix 
ith the world around it. It did not listen 
]rid became a slave nation of the world. 
Ira W. Rohhins 
Nelson. Neh. 

• If our denomination continues to and if practicing gays, 
sbians, and bisexuals are given 
3sitions of leadership, I seriously doubt 
lat I can continue to pastor within or be 
filiated with the Church of the Breth- 

Allowing the Brethren/Mennonite 
ouncil for Lesbian and Gay Concerns 
/en to have a room at Annual Confer- 
ice is inappropriate. 

Charles L. Leatherman 
Harrisonhiirt'. Va. 

• For moderator Charles Boyer. where 
e the convictions and demands of the 
>spel of Jesus Christ? Are we willing to 

s^ Pontius' Puddle 

NOTICE Chill ih and dt stilt I iicwslellcis Ihal icpriiu "Pniiliii\' Puddle" fiimi 
Messenger must pay $5 i$IO if circulation is over .'^(li>) joi cat h use to Joel 
Kauffmann. Ill Carter Road. Goshen. IN 46526 



ro THE tHORtW 
A TlTWe '.". 


Take Hold of Your Future 

One Step at a Time. 

McPherson College 

McPherson, Kansas 67460 • (316) 241-0731 

"In addition to theatre, sports, music, and 
luorld travel. Penny has formed a lifelong 
base of Christian friends at McPherson 
College. She has grown intellectually and 
spiritually in the academic and very caring 
environment she found there." 

-Galen "63 and Karen Stoner Huffman "63 

Quinter Church of the Brethren 

Quinler, Kansas 

Scholarships/Grants: * 

Church of tlie Brethren Awards — Up to Sl.OOO per rear 
Brethren Volunteer Service Grants — Up to $500 per year 
Children of Ahimni Grants — Up to $500 per year 
Church-Matching Grants — Up to $500 per year 

Dependents of Persons in Church Professions — Up to $1,000 per year 

^ r,-, 1 want Id lakr ihc iic\l .sl('|) anil Imd cjut niiiir abiiul 
McPherson College. 

* .\u-anls are 
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that students remain 
eligible for tlie 
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i'.\\\i ami send I 

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call collect (316) 241-0731. 

McPherson College does not discriminate on the 

basis of race, religion, sex, color, national origin, or physical/emotional disability 

Mav \99} Messenger 29 


change for Christ's sake or merel> tor 
the sake of others? 

Jesus" message is still central for all 
believers: ""Go \oiir \\a\, and from now 
on do not sin again" (John 8:1 lb). 

Eaii Hammer 
Waynesboro. Va. 

• Moderator Charles Bover also serves 

From the 

Elgin Program Volunteer Office 

Program for Women 

— Lcvalion tlexible. 

— Half-time 

— National slalf lev el position 

Interpretation Assistant 

— Ekinbased 

— HaHtotull-lime 

— Wnting, editing, design 

MESSENGER Promotion 

— Location tlexible 
— One t'ounh time 

Kditor. Ministry & Ministry Training 

— Location tlexible 
— One fourth time 

For more information contact : 
Jon or Carol Hoke 
1 4? I Dundee Avenue 
Elgin. IL 60 1 20 

as a baseball umpire. As an umpire, is he 
free to deviate from the baseball rule 

William Wai(i;li 
Greeiishuri;. Pa. 

Read the whole article 

1 am sorry to hear that some Church of 
the Brethren members have been upset 
by the statement of moderator Chuck 
Boyer favoring gays, lesbians, and 
bisexuals in positions of leadership in the 
church (February, page 15). I hope they 
read the whole article, which accurately 
portrays the moderator as a most caring 
person with high ideals. 

Leona Ikciiherry 
La Verne. Calif. 

• 1 read MESSENGER cover-to-cover 
and reread many articles. The February 
profile of Chuck Boyer is one I will read 
many times. We are very proud of our 
moderator for all he is doing for our 
beloved Church of the Brethren. 

Claire Bowman 
La Verne. Calif. 

'No' vote discourages dialog 

1 was extremely disappointed that at last 
fall's meeting of the National Council of 
Churches (NCC) general board meeting, 
our general secretary, Donald Miller, anc 
delegate Richard Speicher voted to deny 
observer status in the NCC to the 
Metropolitan Community Church 
(MCC). (See February, page 10.) 

Observer status simply means that the 
MCC could participate in committees 
and programs, without having a vote. 
The vote against the Metropolitan 
Community Church certainly does not 
"encourage dialog," as our 1983 position 
paper, "Human Sexuality from a Chris- 
tian Perspective," calls for. 

On the other hand, I was gratified to 
learn that World Ministries executive 
Joan Deeter, as well as delegates Bettina 
Hamion, Marlys Harshberger, and Jane 
Shepard voted in favor of observer status 
for the MCC. 

Their support demonstrates at least an 
attempt at "dialog" with those of us who 
are gay and lesbian Brethren. 

Beverly Brtihaki 
Camden, Ohi 


SINGLES— Introduction services are not |ust lor "losers" 
anymore^ Just |oin. make new friends, maybe in an area you 
would like to visit, meet a mate, whatever. Twenty couples 
have found mates through Crossroads and they were 
ministers, nurses, teachers, vanous professions. Senior 
citizens and kids in their 20s— not a loser in the lot. Try this 
modern method approved by our church leaders. For infor- 
mation write Crossroads, Box 32, N, Tonawanda. 
NY 14120, 

TRAVEL— Join Wendell and Joan Bohrer on 1 6-day Bntish 
Isles and Ireland Tour. Aug. 2-17,1 993. Wnte lor brochure: 
Wendell and Joan Bohrer. 8520 Royal Meadow Dr., India- 
napolis, IN 46217. Tel, (317) 882-5067, 

TRAVEL— Join us in 1993 on one of these tours^une 1 0- 
21 : Amsterdam, Brussels, Paris, w,' Rhine River Cruise: July 
7-22: Nonivay. Sweden. Denmark, hosted by Harold 
Bojmbaugh, Juniata College: Sept, 16-Oct, 1: Germany, 
Austna, Switzerland: May 17-31: Juniata College Alumni 
Choir Concert tour to Germany. Austria. Italy. For detailed 
info, write to Gateway Travel Center, Inc. 606 Mifflin St,, 
Huntingdon, PA 16652. 

TRAVEL— A Brethren Heritage Tour is being offered by 
Harold Mohler and Herb Fisher from July 17-25, Tour bus 
onginates at Wichita , Kan , with pick-up stops in Springfield, 
Kansas City, and St, Louis. Mo, The tour will visit histoncal 
sites in Virginia, New Windsor, Md,, Germantown and 
Lancaster, Pa„ the new Bethany Seminary site in Indiana, 

30 Messenger May 1993 

the present site of Bethany, and the General Offices in Elgin, 
III, Low rates, fun. educational. Call or write Harold Mohler, 
1006 E Hale Lake Rd„ Warrensburg, MO 64093, (816) 747- 
3278, or Herb Fisher, R R 4, Box 286, Mountain Grove, MO 
65711, (417) 926-3216. Please reply by May 10. 

TRAVEL— Bridgewater College Presidents Tour— 1 3 days 
to Greece and the Greek Isles (Aug. 2-14, 1993). Includes 
7-day cruise and a visit to Istanbul ($2,985— NY to NY), 
Contact W.F. Geisert, Bridgewater College, Bridgewater, 
VA 2281 2 Phone (703) 828-2501 . Ext 300, or 828-6421 . 

INVITATION— In Atlanta, Ga, |0in Faithful Servant Church 
of the Brethren for 10 a.m. church school and 11 a.m. 
worship at Shoney's Inn at intersection of Indian Trail Rd. 
and 1-85 North, exit 38. Norcross, Contact pastor Don 
Jordan at (800) 782-9796, or Bob and Rose Garrison (404) 
979-7343, 2679 Sherman Oaks, Lilhonia, GA 30058, 

WANTED TO BUY-The New Church Hymnal (Brown) by 
Lexicon Music, Inc, 1976, Contact Myerstown Church of 
the Brethren, c/o Eriene Wagner, 1300 E. Kercher Ave,. 
Myerstown, PA 1 7067 or call (71 7) 866-21 1 7 (daytime), or 
(71 7) 866-2368 (evening). 

WANTED— The Bethany Seminary Construction Commit- 
tee offers the opportunity to contractors and skilled volun- 
teer craftspeople to participate in the construction of the new 
Bethany Seminary Center in Richmond, Ind, Interested 
persons respond by June 1 , 1993, to Ivan Patterson, 2451 

N Snyder Rd., Dayton, OH 45426, Phone (513) 837-23; 

RETIREMENT-Now that Bethany Theological Semini 
is locating in Richmond, Ind., in the fall of 1994, t 
Brethren's Home in Greenville, Ohio, will be the closi 
Brethren retirement community. We are only 25 miles NE I 
Richmond The Brethren's Home is a beautiful 42-a( | 
campus with walking trails, 2 picnic shelters, several pon^ 
and 3 holes of par 3 golf. We serve over 500 retirees 
various levels of care. Plans are to build 32 additio 
independent living cottage homes in the next several ye£ 
If you are looking for an excellent retirement community i 
one that is close to the new site of Bethany, then check 
out. Visit our booth at Annual Conference in Indianapolis I 
June! For information, contact Mike Leiter at (513) 5 
8000, or 750 Chestnut Street, Greenville, OH 45331 , , 

FOR SALE— Peter Nead: A limited number of copie; 
Theological Writings on Various Subjects by Peter Neai 
repnnt ol the 1866 edition, are available for $12 ea, p 
Contact Bill Kostlevy, 300 N, Picadone Park St., Lexing 
KY 40503 

FOR SALE— Pinecrest Centennial Booklet, This beau I 
four-color booklet is filled with pictures, listings of past I 
present board members and administrators, and an ai 
rale history depicting its 1 00 years of service. Copies ol ]: 
40-page centennial booklet may be purchased for $; 1/ 
contacting Pinecrest Manor, 441 S, Wesley. Mount Mc 
IL 61054, For mail orders, please add $1 for postage. . 

laws for comment 

.egarding that bird atop a cross in 
harles R. Simmons" poem (April, page 
5): Here at tine Arlington (Va.) Church 
f the Brethren, a large crow frequently 
arches atop the cross on our church 
Dire. I tell our people that the crow's cr>' 
5 it sits there is an invitation to the 

faithful — a "caw to worship." 

Kenneth L. Gihhie 
Arlington. \'u- 

The folly of political pacifism 

The February' editorial. "To the Shores of 
Mogadishu." shows the difficulty and 

folly of our political pacifism position. If 
"all war is sin." then God is a sinner: He 
vinmnanded war. as demonstrated in the 
Old Testament. Also Romans 13:4 says 
of civil government "the authority does 
not bear the sword in vain!" 

James M. Hite 
Pabnxni. Pa 


mville. Ati. N.E.: Howard & 

Elva Kaucher. Elwood & 

Louise Graby 
■avercreek.S-Ohio: Heaiher 

Detro, Christina Flaugher. 

Sarah Kinse!. Michael Nies. 

Diane Pilslick. Sarah Theisen 
liulder Hill ill.AVis: Anna & 

William Pierson. Gloria 

Kueker. Diane Lange. Lee &: 

Mildred Stow asser 
lambersburg. S. Pa.: Conrad. 

Donna & Tern Peachy, 

Chnstine Taylor, Jetfer\'& 

Debra Triile. Richard Wagner 
lampaign. ill. AV'is.: Margaret 

Woodworth, EulaliaCopeland 
jiiques. All. N'.E.: Robert & June 
j Binder. Amanda Brandt. Kurt 

Ebersole. Jama Martin, Duane 
I Shellenberger. Abb) White. 

Bnan Shelly. Mark & Renee 

Peters, Trudy Kniss 
klorus. S. Pa. :Larr\. Cindy, 

Michael & Monica Lehman. 

William & EdnaGouid. Lucille 

Decker. Carol Hanman 
rmantown Brick, Virlina: 

Garland & Myntle Anderson. 

Bevlah Spence. Barry Austin 
|een Hill, Virlina: Jonathan 

Rory. David Rose 

lOver. S. Pa.; Br> an Rager. Lisa 

Luckenbaugh. Ross Bair. Amy 

Livingston. Bnan Miller, 

Amanda Moms, Gabriel 

Plunken, Janelle & Jeremy 
J Zumbrum.BnanLandi 
lesChapeL Virhna: Austin 

mpeter. Atl. NE.; James 

iville. Shen.: Susan Nickel, 

Douglas & Linda Hardesty 
>ansport. S/C !nd.: Leona Holt, 

Dennis Miller, Tom Chambers 
^ig Green Valley. Mid- Atl.: 

Ann Breidenbaugh.Tami 

Barlow, Cinda Showalter. Ian 


nassas, Mid-All.: Steve & Mary 
■ Owen. Jonathan & Nancy 
j^ Parilak. Kevin & Bonnie 


Pherson. W Plains; Brad 

Elliott, Steve Homer, Roben & 

Mina Mae Sifrit. Ruth 

McSpadden. Marc Rittle. Yoko 

Middle Creek. Atl. NE : Cheryl & 

Daniel Miller. Michelle Leed 
Moler. Mid-Atl.; Ruth Ann Martz. 

Eddie & Alice Edmonds 
New Covenant. S. Ohio: Scott & 

Debbie DeMarco. Chad & 

Shane Finley. Stephanie 

Krznarich. Kevin & Christa 

Montgomerv . Mike & Suzanne 

Oak Grove. Virhna: Adele Hanks, 

Pine Glen. M. Pa.: Jodi Gumbert. 

Paincia Aurand 
Poplar Ridge. \. Ohio: Lori. Caleb 

& Zachary Finkenbiner 
Potsdam, S- Ohio: Carol Miller. 

Richard & Becky Jackson. 

Janet Back. Dan & Dixie 

Halderman, Betty & Marcy 

Hughes.Joy Myers. Phil & 

Cind\ Parke. Greg Fetters. 

Todd & Rita Reeder. Rachel & 

Rossvjlle. S/C !nd.: Jay & Laurel 

Mann, Kalhryn Hiatt, Mildred 


Steve. .Ann & Tessa Gaylor, 

Mark Wilson 
Sebring. All. S.E.: Lloyd & Mae 

Brunner. Annabel le Spencer, 

Margaret Wnght, Mary 

South Bay Community, Pac. 

S.W : Shin &. Soon Lee. 

Emily Smnh. Walter & Addie 

Bosley. Janel& David Ober 

South Waterloo. N. Plains: Jan 

Shnver. Jay & Rhonda Stidham 
Topeco. Virlina: Sarah Grim. 

Barbara Harris 
Waterford, Pac, S.W.: Daniel 

Bain. George & Lon Goss. 

Ted. Karen & Michelle Hopf, 

Colette Mink. Debbie Myers. 

Paddy & Sue McCabe. Sue 

Vacca. Ken Vamado, Nettie & 

Dons Mourer. Roben 

West Charleston, S. Ohio: Janet 

Funderburg. Benajmin Hunter. 

Colleen & Shannon Kam. 

Barbara, Ron & Ronnie Siney. 

Megan Weber 
Westminster. Mid-Atl.: Elizabeth 

Mclver. Melissa Robbins 
Woodbury. M. Pa : Jan & Kim 

Clark, Tammy Gates, Lonnie& 

Sue Kensinger. Carl & Nancy 

Ott. Angel Stigers 


George. Charles, ordained Nov, 14, 

1*^92.0311100 First, N.Ohio 
Hare. Barbara, ordainedjan. 16, 

1 993, Larchmom, Ore.AVash. 
Kaser, James, ordained Nov, !4. 

1992. Fairview. N.Ohio 
Mackim, Randall, licensed Nov. 

14. 1 992, Tnnily, N.Ohio 
McKellip, Roben, licensed Jan. 16, 

i9u.^,Salkum, Ore.AVash. 
Quintrell, Oregon. , ordained Oct. 

27. 1992, Meadow Mills, Shen. 
Rhoades. Donna, licensed Dec, 1 5, 

1992, Huntingdon Stone. M. 

Satterlee, David, licensed Dec. LS, 

1992, Huntingdon Stone. M. 



Abe. Stephen, from other 

denomination to Paradise. N. 

.Albright. James, from inienm to 

Huntington, S/C Ind. 
Burtz. Darw in, from LenaA'ellow 

Creek. Ill./Wis. to Eden. N 

Cain. Norman, from Williamsburg. 

M. Pa. to Salisbury Project. 

Healy. William, from Berkey . W\ 

Pa. to County Line. W. Pa. 
Johnson, Robert, from secular to 

Melrose. Shen. 
King. Russell, from other 

denomination to Paradise. N. 

Steele, Jay. from Woodworth, N, 

Ohio to Minneapolis area 

project. N. Plains 
Stevens, Glenn, from secular lo 

Elkhart Valley. N. Ind. 
Stoltzfus, Joyce, from secular to 

Glade Valley, Mid-.\il. 
Teal. Mark, from student lo Black 

River. N.Ohio 
Whelzel. Bobby, from secular to 

Front Royal. Shen. 


DeFelice. Flovd and Francis. 

Godfrey, Sterling and Katie. 

Hartzler. and Arlene. 

Hoffman. Elbert and Milda. 

Somerset. Pa.. 65 
Hollinger. Paul and Dons. Stuans 

Draft. Va.. 50 
McRay. Jack and Lila. Modesto. 

Calif.. 50 
Miller, Cecil and Orpha. 

Bridgewater. Va..50 
Miller. Ray and Virginia. Waterloo. 

low a. 50 
Pauley . On. ille and Elizabeth. 

Shaw ban. William and Cathenne. 

Shellabarger. Robert and Man, . 

Beavercreek, Ohio. 60 
Tracey . R ichard and Beit> . 




Baliey. Victor. 85. New Oxford. 

Pa, Feb. 9, 1993 
Beckner. Rebecca. S7, Boswell. 

Pa, Dec. 26, 1992 
Blough, Wesle\ , 72, Freeport, 

Mich..Jan.'26. 1993 
Brickett, Miriam, 86, Weslmin.ster, 

Md, Jan. 31.1993 
Bridenbecker. Florence. 79. 

Brunk, Hazel, 87, Grundy Center, 

Iowa, Jan, 11,1993 
Byers. Ada. 85. Roanoke, Va.,Feb 

Carmack. Betty. 69. 

Chambersburg. Pa,, Nov, 29. 

Clayton, Wilbur, 88. Glen ,Ami, 

Md.Sept. 12. 1992 
Conrad. Thomas. 36. Smithville. 

Coy. Norman. 86, Beavercreek, 

'ohio,June22, 1992 
Eby, John,68, Dallas Center. Iowa. 

' Feb. 14,1993 
Fahrney. Richard. 60. 

Chambersburg. Pa.. Nov. 16. 

Feldman. Edna. 89. Chambersburg. 

Pa.Jan. 25. 1993 
Finifrock.. Alice. 89, Sebring.Fla.. 

March 10. 1993 
Krey, Merle. 69. Chambersburg. 

Pa.Jan. 20. 1993 

Hefner. Hattie. 88. Moorefield. W. 

Va.,May9. 1992 
Heisey. Flonnne. 72. Denver, Pa.. 

Jan. 20, 1993 
Hinkle, Harold, 66, Moorefield, W 

Va.,Mayl6. 1992 
Johnson. Ruth, 78. Loganspon. 

Ind., Jan. 19. 1993" 
Kemper. Elva, 83, Westminster. 

Md .Dec.4, 1992 
Kline, Wilmer, 94, Bridgew ater, 

Va.,Feb. 15, 1993 " 
Lemon. Daisy. 9 1 , Bradford. Ohio. 

Dec. 2 1. 1992 
Lewis, Ray. 77. Lew iston. Minn.. 

Dec 20. 1992 
Luing. Mildred. SO. Worthinglon. 

.Minn, Feb. 19. 1993 
McDonald, OUie. 97, Nappanee, 

Ind, Feb. 10, 1993 
.Moats. Gladys. 8 1 . Grund> Center, 

Iowa. Feb, 9. 1993 
Myers, John. 85. Westminster. 

.Md..Nov.5. 1992 
Myers, Richard, 63, Greencastle. 

Pa, Nov. 18, 1992 
Neff, Weldon, 70, Moorefield. W. 

Va.. June 3. 1992 
Norrls, Ella. 86. Twin Falls, Idaho, 

Nov. 18.1992 
Ritchie, Helen. 82. Twin Falls. 

Idaho. Dec. 8. 1992 
Royer. Ennis. 80. Westminster. 

'Md. Dec. 9. 1992 
Rumburg. Huston. 84. Stuans 

Draft. Va. Jan. 18.1993 
Sackett. Bertha. 99. Westminster. 

Md.Jan- 14, 1993 
See, Bemice.65. Moorefield. W. 

Va,,MaylS. 1992 
Shaulis, William. 66. Sipesvi lie. 

Pa. Feb. 1.1993 
Sites, Wilham. 53, Moorefield, W. 

Va, Mar. 27, 1992 
Skipper, Genevie\e. 86, Baltimore, 

Md, Sept, 24, 1992 
Steiner, Grace. 84. Wooster. Ohio. 

Jan. 11.1993 
Teach. Charles. 79. Wooster, Ohio, 

Jan. 10. 1993 
Tooker, Lester, 84. Modesto. 

Calif. Feb. 13. 1993 
\\ erner. Maurice. 73. .Astoria, 111., 

Jan. 6. 1993 
Wingert. .Anna. 78. St. Thomas. 

Pa. Oct. 18.1992 
Wirt. Maude. 90. Lewiston. Minn.. 

Dec.4. 1992 
Mngling. George. 84. Westminster. 

Md..Jul\2b. 1992 
^'ounce. Clara. 89. Manchester. 

Ind., Jan, 30, 1993 

May 1993 Messenger 31 


Thanks for your check, but . 

After my daddy died, several years ago, I had 
occasion to look through a 50-year collection of 
financial records, mostly bundles of receipts of one 
kind or another. Dull reading that collection would 
have provided, had I not been a son with a keen 
interest in family history, and with an equally keen 
appreciation for his parents' struggle to make a 
li\ ing. That being the case, those receipts, with 
figures poignantly reflecting that struggle, provided 
information of absorbing interest. 

One faded scrap of paper so captured my interest 
and feeling that 1 preserved it in a special place 
among my family memorabilia. It was a 1942 
receipt, issued from Elgin, 111., for a contribution to 
the Brotherhood Fund of that day. The amount 
contributed is insignificant by current standards. I 
would toss it down as a tip for an average-priced 
restaurant meal today. But when I reflect on the 
circumstances of my family in 1942. I know it meant 
a major commitment by Daddy and Mother. At that 
time, our neck of the woods had not emerged from 
the Great Depression and we were living hand-to- 
mouth. And. in 1942. my previously unchurched 
family had been attending Jones Chapel Church of 
the Brethren for less than a year. 

At the March 1993 General Board meeting in 
Elgin, it was decided to hold the Board's 1994 
budget to S6. 349,000, calling for a balanced budget. 
That means a S390.000 reduction of Church of the 
Brethren programs next year. To put it another way. 
several things that folks in the pews have assumed 
just automatically get done are going to be elimi- 
nated, including some ministries dear to their hearts. 
You are going to leam at .'\nnual Conference what 
gets axed. (That's when the General Board meets 
next, and when it makes its fateful decisions on 
budget cuts.) .And a lot of you are going to be upset. 
We are going to hear a howl of pain in Indianapolis. 

You see. the General Board bases its next year's 
budget on the amount of dollars that Brethren 
contributed the year before. That is, the 1994 budget 
depends on what folks sent in for 1992. If giving is 
down, you just cut out enough program to account 
for the problem. 

That makes sense, if you want to make sure you 
stay out of financial trouble. On the other hand, there 
hovers the nagging suspicion that there is. in this 
approach, a built-in certainly that things can only 
spiral downward, that things can only get worse. 
Those who are made uneasy by this practice might 
ask. "Where is the 'leap of faith' that would set the 
sights higher, increase the budget, rather than 
decrease it. and issue a bolder challenge to those 

whose giving underwrites the denomination's 
ministries? Where, amid yearly budget cuts quietly 
based on lowered giving, may one expect a turn- 
around in giving? Where is the incentive?" One 
might liken it to a bunch of people quietly descend- 
ing in an elevator, unaware that they need to punch 
the "up" button if they want to ascend. 

What is ironic, here in 1993, is the fact that, 
actually. Brethren are giving more than before. 
Congregational giving, which represents 59.7 
percent of the General Board's budget (down from 
72.6 percent in 1980), was up 3.55 percent in 1992, 
and income from all sources was up 5.4 percent. So, 
what's the problem? 

The problem lies with "designated giving" — 
allowing Brethren to give gifts to designated areas of 
program, a departure from the earlier principle of a 
"unified budget" (all gifts going into one fund, then 
being proportioned out to the various ministries of 
the church, according to the General Board's sense 
of need). So, more gifts have been made to desig- 
nated areas such as the Emergency Disaster Fund 
(up 33 percent over 1991 ), the Global Food Crisis 
Fund, and the New Beginnings Fund. These gener- 
ous and worthy gifts have beggared the general 
programs, giving to which fell 1.4 percent from 
1991. On-going ministries of the church are going 
under the ax in June, while designated areas are 
flush with new money. I'm not knocking "designated 
giving," but something isn't working quite right 


-onventional wisdom has it that the money is out 
there. We wen' t in the poor house. The need, 
therefore, is twofold: Among the people in the pews 
must be a greater loyalty to a cause much broader 
than their congregational concerns and their favorite 
projects, and a willingness to give and to commit 
oneself that is represented, for me personally, by 
Daddy's yellowed receipt of 1942. And. from the 
General Board and its staff (which includes me), 
there must come a more effective inteipretation of 
denominational program and a more stirring 
challenge — one that makes a better connection for 
Brethren between what they give and what their 
giving achieves. 

Basing next year's General Board budget on last 
year's giving eventually will run us out of business 
unless each year's giving is the generous response to 
an appeal that makes the right connection. That 
appeal and that response are where the rubber hits 
the road.— K.T. 

32 Messenger May 1993 

lL@ir<dl^ wlh&oD i^M w® s®® ^@m Udmmgirf, 

We see you. Lord, in the eyes of the child above at a feeding program 

in Mogadishu. We sense your spirit at work in those whose gifts 

to the Global Food Crisis Fund have contributed $225,000 to feeding 

the hungry in Somalia. We hear your continuing call to give to 

"the least of these who are members of my family" (Matt. 25:40). 


Church of the Brethren General Board 1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, IL 60120-1694 

You c J )i )}i J k c a difference. 

Prep a r e y u ii r s c If 

Gather to I e a r n 

r e ct: I V e 






JUNE 22-27, 1993 


^POa^iMV^^"^ GOD'S ?LK\ 


Water ford: It doesn't 
look like a church! 




Vol. 14^, No. 6 June 1993 

When I arrived at Nigeria's Waka Teachers" College in 1960 as 
a rookie teacher, Ivan and Mary Eikenberry had only recently 
left there to serve with the Northern Education Advisory 
Committee (NEAC). There was still an aura remaining at Waka. 
The school w as. to a large extent, the creation of the 
Eikenberry s, and it was hard to shake the feeling that we were 
tampering with that creation whenever we 
introduced anything new. Ivan, the erstwhile 
Waka principal, loomed larger than life. 

Later I met him, learned to know him, and 
discovered that the figure who loomed so large 
was an ordinary human being . . . who accom- 
plished extraordinary things. He did have a way 
of getting things done and of commanding 
enormous respect from his fellow missionaries, 
ifl^ the European community, and the Nigerians. 

His accomplishments for which he (and Mary) will be 
remembered include not only the creation of Waka Schools, but 
work in primary education, the beginnings of teacher training at 
Garkida, and the 20-year stint with NEAC. in Kaduna, the 
northern capital. 

Once I was in the city of Kano. wanting something done 
(that I now have forgotten) that involved coping with bureau- 
cracy. Ivan happened to be in Kano and went with me to some 
offices to .see what influence he could bring to bear. It was 
marvelous to behold that influence. He would talk gently, 
persuasively with some Nigerian bureaucrat for a few minutes, 
then softly let it slip that he was Ivan Eikenberry. Instantly the 
bureaucrat would become the most accommodating soul one 
could imagine. My want was met, and I was awed by my fellow 
missionary's prestige and clout. 

After retiring from Nigeria, the Eikenberrys worked in 
stewardship service in the US, holding "Micah Mission" 
meetings in 95 locations across the denomination. Full retire- 
ment followed, and ill health dogged Ivan in his last years. He 
died in Trotwood, Ohio, April 14. at age 80. 

The traditional meeting with St. Peter is not hard to envi- 
sion: Just a friendly little chitchat, then the new arrival softly 
lets it slip that he is Ivan Eikenberry. There is a welcoming 
flutter, and, w ith alacrity, the good anil faithful ser\ant is 
motioned on through the gates. 

COMING NEXT MONTH: Highlights of the accomplishments 
of Church of the Brethren program for the past year. 


Kermon Thomasson 

Managing Editor 

Eric B. Bishop 

Editorial assistant 

Cheryl Cayford 

Production, Advertising 

Paul Stocksdale 


Norma Nieto, Martha Cupp 


Kenneth L, Gibble 


Dale E. Minnich 

District Messenger representatives: 

Allanlic Northeast. Ron Lut/. Atlantic 
Southeast. Ruby Raynier; Illinois/Wisci 
Gail Clark: Northern Indiana. Leona 
Holderread; Soulh/Central Indiana. Mai 
Miller; Michigan. Marie Willoughby; N 
Atlantic. Ann Fouls: Middle Pennsylva 
Ruth Fisher; Missouri/Arkansas. Mary 
McGowan; Northern Planis. Faith Stroi 
Northern Ohio, Sherry Sampson; Soull 
Ohio. Shirley Retry; OregonAVashingU 
Marguerite Shamberger; Pacific Souths 
Randy Miller; Southern Pennsylvania, 
Q. Gleini; Western Pennsyl\ ania. Jay C 
ncr; Shenandoah. Jerry Brunk; Southei 
Plains, Esther Slump: Virlina. David i 
Heme Webster; Western Plains. Dean 
Hummer; West Mar\a. Wmoina Spurg 

Messenger is the otTicial publication ol 

Church of the Brethren. Entered as sec 

class matter Aug. 20. 1 9 1 S, under Act 

Congress of Oct. 17. 1917. Filing date, 

~| I. 1984. Messenger i.s a 

il member of the Associated 

?^ Church Press and a subset 

to Religious News Servic 

Ecumenical Press Servi© 

_ Biblical quotations, unles! 

otherwise indicated, are from the New 

Revised Standard Version. 

Subscription rates: 512. .'iO individu 
rate. SlO-.'iO church group plan. $I0.5( *' 
subscriptions. Student rale I'yi an issic 
\ ou mo\ e. clip address label and send , 
new adilress to Messenger Subscriptio 
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at least five weeks for address change. 
Messenger is owned and published 
times a year by the General Services C 
mission. Church of the Brethren Genci 
Board. Second-class postage paid at E 
111., and at additional mailing office, Ji 
199.^. Copyright 199.^. Church of the ■ 
Brethren General Board. ISSN mltsA' 

POSTMASTER: Send address chai*!^ 
Messenger, 1451 Dundee Ave,. Elgin. K 


1 Touch 2 
ilose to Home 
ews 6 
'orldwide 9 
epping Stones 
ixed Reviews 
jtters 24 
pinions 27 
mtius' Puddle 
,irning Points 
Hitorial 32 



CJ'er. 1. 10-12: Abe Wiebe 

ll de front cover: Nguyen van Gia 


3 p: Una Yoder 

4 id's Photos 

51 ■Itom: Lancaster Newspapers. Inc. 
6|3, 2.1: Religious News Service 
8j ttom: Shawn Replogle 
9| ttom: Eric B. Bishop 
l' 8:Phylii.sCrane 


The church that 'gives 'em 
what they want' 10 

A "seeker-targeted" group is how Waterford Community 
church refers to itself. Frank Ramirez tells what this church 
in Northern Indiana District is doing differently. 

Become all things to all people 13 

David Valeta tells how congregations can reach out to the 
"missing generation" — the baby boomers. 

Hammering out love 16 

What happens when a group of youth pick up hammers 
instead of sun tan lotion for their summer vacation? Phyllis 
H. Crane reflects on a summer workcamp in Oklahoma. 

Madalyn, the FCC, and the TRUTH 20 

The rumor of Madalyn Murray 0"Hair and her petition has 
been around for a long time, but Doug Trouter dispels it and 
tells why people tend to believe such things. 

But they're terrorists! 22 

Jean Bucher Are tells how she came away from her trip to 
Jerusalem with a heavy heart and a new perspective on the 
Israeli/Palestinian issue. 

Cover story: They're worshiping In a different heat in Waterford 
Community church. Read our story on page 10 to find out what it takes to 
reach people for whom "churcii" is a totally new experience. 

June 1 W.I N4esscni>er 1 

Irish melodies gained a reputation along the 

Joyce Fry. who attends Now the dulcimer player 

Beacon Heights Church of with a love for Celtic music 

the Brethren, Fort Wayne. has come out with a CD, 

Ind., has been making music "Eventide," a collection of 

in the area for some time and Irish folk tunes plus two 

Joyce Fry makes Celtic music on her hammered dulcimer. 

In Touch" profiles Brethren we 
would like you lo meet. Send 
siory ideas and phnins (black 
and while, if possible) to ' In 
Touch." Messenger. 1451 
Dundee A\e.. El^in. IL 60120. 

Pushing peer mediation 

Kathleen GrifTin. a member 
of Bridgewater (Va.) Church 
of the Brethren, has been 
honored by the Community 
Mediation Center, 
Harrisonburg. Va.. for her 
work in starting peer 
mediation at area schools. 

In 1985. Kathleen learned 
about school mediation in 
other cities and decided to try 
to incorporate it into the 
center. Since then, staff, 
faculty, or students at more 
than 50 schools around the 
state have received training. 
"What started a little more 
than six years ago with one 
school has become an 
exciting program across the 

state," says the center's 
director. Margaret Foth. 

"I knew about successful 
mediation in other cities, 
including San Francisco and 
Boston," says Kathleen, "so 1 
got material from the 
National Association for 
Mediation in Education." 

Peer mediation was started 
with a pilot program at 
Bridgewater Elementary 
School. It was such a success 
that the program branched 
out from there. 

In peer mediation, students 
who have a peer conflict can 
go to trained mediators, 
students their own age or 
older, and the mediators, 
who work in pairs, handle 
the conflict in positive ways. 

original Joyce Fry numbers. 

"I take the basic, tradi- 
tional Irish melodies and add 
my own harmonies and intra- 
melodies," Joyce says. 

"I enjoy playing for myself, 
but I'm really playing for 
my listeners. I feel very 
connected to them. I feel I 
owe them something. I feel 
I'm doing this for them." 

A self-taught musician, 
Joyce picked up the ham- 
mered dulcimer while she 
and her husband. Randy, 
lived in West Virginia, and 
frequented gatherings there 
of traditional instrumen- 

Now, three children later, 
Joyce is happily hammering 
out Celtic music, which, she 
says, reminds her of "things 
very ancient." She explains: 
"I can close my eyes (while 
playing the dulcimer) and see 
our roots. I also see how 
those roots are connected 
through the cosmos to things 
worth preserving." 

"They listen to the students 
in conflict and help them 
give their story of whatever 
the conflict has been, and the 
students are able to express 
their feelings and know that 
someone is listening," 
explains Kathleen. 

"That helps discharge the 
anger and hurt, and they can 
then talk about different 
ways to solve the problem 
and come to an agreement 
that both sides think is fair." 

Besides the resolving of 
the immediate conflict, 
Kathleen points out, the 
skills the kids learn are also 
good for a lifetime. (For 
more on "peer mediation," 
see "Hearing Each Other," 
October 1992, page 4.) 


2 Messenger June 1993 

Kitchen talk 

After close to 40 years, a 
group of women at 
McPherson (Kan.) Church of 
the Brethren still hasn't 
decided what it enjoys doing 
most — cooking or chatting. 

The friends do a lot of 
both. Organized originally to 
cook for the men's 
Alexander Mack organiza- 
tion, the Banquet Commit- 
tee became a close-knit 
group of friends who, 
through the years, faced their 
joys, sorrows, and concerns 
together. And the original 
function has been expanded 
to other meal events. The 
friends even take on such 
things as wedding rehearsal 
dinners these days. 

Their fondest memory, the 
women say, is of a triumph 
they once snatched from the 
jaws of disaster. Shortly 
before a big dinner they 
discovered that the 14 

Be part of a miracle 

Judy Dotterer, a member of 
Union Bridge (Md.) Church 
of the Brethren, learned 
I about her own "miracle" 
through a nighttime call 
from her doctor. "Congratu- 
ilations, kid!" he said. 
."You've won the lottery!" 
] Judy, who desperately 
needed a new kidney and 
, pancreas, was being told that 
the hard-to-get organs were 
suddenly available, following 
a donor's death. The refer- 
lence to the lottery was not far 
bff the mark. The odds of 
j people needing organ tran- 
|3lants receiving them in time 
lire comparable to those of 
becoming a lottery winner. 
Health problems caused by 

Friends in the kitchen: Imo Jean Frantz, Claudia Law, 
Pearl Kelly, Phyllis Beam, Alice Weber, and Una Yoder. 

pumpkin pies they had 
prepared contained no sugar. 

Recalls Una Yoder, "We 
hurriedly scraped all the 
pumpkin out of the pie 
shells, added the sugar and 
some Cool Whip (for better 
texture), stirred them in, and 
refilled the shells. We spread 
whipped topping on, like 
meringue, to smooth things 

The conspirators knew 
they had gotten away with 

diabetes had troubled Judy 
since childhood. The organ 
transplants last September 

Judy Dotterer appeals for 
people to donate organs 

give her the opportunity to 
live a life complete with 
functioning kidneys and with 
a pancreas that produces the 
needed insulin. 
The donor's life and death 

their disaster cover-up when 
one of the guests came to the 
kitchen after dessert and 
asked for the recipe to give 
his wife. "He said it was the 
best pumpkin pie he'd ever 
eaten," laughs Una. 

Una acknowledges that 
"some of us are becoming 
somewhat elderly." But the 
joy of friendship in the 
kitchen isn't over yet. "We 
hope to continue the fun for 
more years." 

provided ongoing life for 
Judy and others who received 
organs from the same body. 
Which leads Judy to make 
this statement; "We can all 
be a part of this miracle by 
becoming organ donors. It's 
as easy as saying yes on your 
driver's license or by telling 
your family of your decision. 
Also, it is one of the most 
selfless acts of love one 
person can do for another." 
(For more information on 
becoming an organ donor, 
call TRIO— Transplant 
Recipients International 
Organization — at (412) f)H7- 

Informalion for litis story was 
provided hy Audrey Osborne, a 
mcnitier of Black Rock Cliurch (tf [lie 
Breihren. near Brodhecks. Pa. 

Names in the news 

Addiction pioneer Jim Renz, 
a member of Highland 
Avenue Church of the 
Brethren, Elgin, 111., received 
the Willis Reed Humanitar- 
ian Award from Elgin United 
Way for his 41 years of 
service to the community. 
Director Emeritus of Renz 
Addiction Counseling 
Center, he founded Illinois' 
first outpatient treatment 
center in 1961. 

• Dale Brown, professor 
of Christian theology at 
Bethany Theological 
Seminary, gave two lectures 

Dale Brown spoke in 
McPherson 's Religious 
Heritage lectureship. 

at McPherson College April 
15-1 6 — "Contributions of the 
Anabaptist Heritage" and 
"The Anabaptist Vision." 

• Karen S. Carter, a 
member of Daleville ( Va.) 
Church of the Brethren, 
served in Czech Republic 
from January to April this 
year, teaching German and 
English in Prague. She 
taught under the auspices of 
the Evangelical Church of 
Czech Brethren and the 
Church of the Brethren 
European program. 

June 1W3 Messenger 3 

Meeting the old way 

The Old German Baptist 
Brethren, who separated 
from the main body of 
Brethren in the early 1880s. 
hold their Annual Meeting 
over Pentecost, as the 
Church of the Brethren 
earlier did. This year's 
Meeting was held on the 
farm of Tom Flick, near 
Eldorado, Ohio, in Prices 
Creek District. 
As these photos from last 

year's Meeting show, the 
"Old Order" Annual Meeting 
is conducted in a manner 
reminiscent of Church of 
the Brethren Annual Meet- 
ings of earlier years. The 
meetings are held in tents, 
with participants staying in 
the homes of nearby Breth- 
ren. (Nowadays, motels also 
are utilized.) 

The last time the Church 
of the Brethren met in a tent 
was 1941, in La Verne, 

The Annual Meeting tents are set up on farmland purposely 
planted in grass the year before. Meals are served to all, 
providing traditional Dunkerfare. 

"Close to Home" highlights 
ne^s ofcon/iregaiions. districts, 
colleges, homes, and other local and 
regional life. Send story ideas and 
photos (black and while, if possible) 
to "Close to Home." Messenger, 
1451 Dundee Ave.. Elgin. IL 60120. 

Parting words 

When interim executive 
Clyde Carter turned over the 
reins to new Virlina District 

executive David Shumate the j 
first of the year, he offered 
some good advice to Virlina 
Brethren. Writing in the 
district newsletter. Head- 
liner. Clyde said, "As you see: 
things you would like to see 
David change, acknowledge, 
or learn, please tell him, so 
he at least has the option (to 
act on your suggestion). Tell 
him in person, please, before 
you tell anyone else. And 
perhaps there will be no need 
to tell anyone else. (Matt. 

Good advice, for Virlina 
Brethren, or Brethren of any 

Mission to Haiti 

Pastor Chester Fisher of 
Mount Hermon Church of 
the Brethren, near Bassett, 
Va.. who has worked 
previously in Haiti, returned 
there last fall and again in 
January, helping to construct 
a church building for the 
Haiti Mission Service 
Church in Dos Palais. 85 
miles from Port-au-Prince, 
the capital cit\ . 

Other Brethren workers 
accompanying Chester on thi 
trips were Ricky Randall, 
Taft Randall, Mike Wash- 
bum, Joe Vamer. and John 
Collins, from Mount 
Hermon; Dale Michael, fron 
Little River, near Goshen, 
Va.: Thomas Nelson and 
Clifton Wright, from 
Collinsville (Va.): and Mike 
Vamer and Emie Setliff, 
from New Hope (near 
Stuart, Va.). 

4 Messenger June 1993 

May we join you? 

In the poor Caimito area of 
San Juan. Puerto Rico's 
capital city, many family 
units have formed over the 
years without the benefit of 

Pastors Juan and Isabel 
Figueroa of Segunda Iglesia 
Cristo Misionera fellowship 
of the Church of the Brethren 
learned that Nereida 
Delgado, secretary of the 
community center affiliated 
with the fellowship, and her 
domestic partner" had not 

A night to remember 

You want to know how it 
feels to be homeless? Okay, 
ispend a freezing night 
jOutside, curled up in a 
cardboard box. 

That's what 17 teenagers 
from Conestoga Church of 
:he Brethren. Leola. Pa., did 
ind it really gave them an 
appreciation for the plight of 
he nation's homeless people. 
iFheir February night of 
ihivering in bone-chilling 
■old left an indelible 

The youth set up their 
nakeshift shelters in the 

Juan and Isabel Figueroa {center back) pose with six 
couples and their witnesses at the February wedding. 

been married. Conversations 
began about the uniting of 
several community families 
in marriage simultaneously. 

church parking lot. 
Throughout the evening, 
area residents came by to 
donate blankets, clothing. 
and food for the area's 
homeless. After their 
Saturday night experience, 
the youth were fed breakfast 
in the church. They spoke 
about their observations 
during the morning service. 

Said 17-year-old Andy 
Hershey. "Just being here 
made me realize how im- 
portant it is to think of 
others who aren't as fortu- 
nate as we are. I'm going to 
make sure that I never 
foroet them." 

■hivering Conestoga kids learn what the homeless feel like. 

Nereida recruited her niece 
and her sister to be part of 
the multiple marriage 
ceremony. Soon others heard 

Campus comments 

Manchester College's 

Koinonia Environmental and 
Retreat Center is this year's 
recipient of the Kosciusko 
County Environmental 
Enhancement Award. 
Koinonia is the college's 
100-acre rural and natural 
land area 12 miles north of 
the campus, in Kosciusko 

• The Bridgewater 
College Student Council on 
Religious Activities (SCRA) 
sponsored a CROP meal on 
April 15 and a lO-kilorheter 
CROP Walk April 18. At the 
CROP meal, non-students 
could buy meals in the 
college cafeteria that had 
been surrendered by students 
participating in the event. 
The $6 each non-student 
paid for a surrendered meal 
went to crop's hunger 
relief and education pro- 

• Twenty-eight of the 105 
students on last fall's dean's 
list at Manchester College 
were Church of the Brethren 
members. Brethren students 

about it and decided to join in 
as well. 

One of the attractions was 
having a female pastor help 
officiate in the ceremony, a 
historic first, so far as local 
memory could substantiate. 

On February 21. six 
couples were married. In the 
ceremony. Isabel instructed 
the women, while Juan 
instructed the men. It was a 
beautiful, moving service. 
And there is interest in 
carrying out another commu- 
nity wedding before too 
long. — Dale Minnich 

account for 1 7 percent of the 
Manchester student body. 

• For 1 1 Bridgewater 
College students, the 1993 
spring break was transformed 
into a service break. They 
spent a week helping 
Floridians rebuild the homes 
that were ravaged by Hurri- 
cane Andrew last summer. 
The students worked in a 
Miami suburb, in a project 
sponsored by the Church of 
the Brethren Disaster 

• Spring break at 
Elizabethtown College saw 
35 students head for Gould. 
Fla.. where they, like the 
Bridgewater students, joined 
the effort to rebuild the area 
wrecked last August by 
Hurricane Andrew. 

• Manchester College 
held a series of events and 
activities during Black 
History Month, beginning 
with a soul-food fest February 
I and concluding with a 
friendship family gathering 
February 28. The month's 
theme was "Affirming Our 
Humanity: Yesterday. Today, 
and Tomorrow." 

June IW3 Messenger 5 


Homosexuality is focus 
of Greenmount meeting 

About 500 Brethren from the southeast- 
em districts met at Greenmount Church 
of the Brethren, near Harrisonburg. Va., 
April 6, to discuss the issue of homosex- 
uality. The meeting's stated purpose was 
to hold an "open forum" and to hear pre- 
sentations on homosexuality as it relates 
to leadership in the denomination. 

The gathering, initiated by Green- 
mount pastor Charles Leatherman, had 
as its impetus the statement in the Feb- 

ruary Messenger (page 15) by Annual 
Conference moderator Charles Boyer, ' 
personally am ready to accept gay, les- 
bian, and bisexual people into positions 
of leadership in the church." 

Explaining his statement to the Greei 
mount gathering, Boyer cited the 1983 
Annual Conference paper, "Human Sex 
uality from a Christian Perspective," on 
celibacy as a lifestyle option for homo- 
sexuals: "Those (homosexuals) for who 
celibacy is a gift and a special calling a 
to be honored and supported." Boyer sa 
that in accepting gays, lesbians, and bi- 

High-ranking Salva- 
doran officers were 
named in 1991 as be- 
ing involved in the 
1989 assassinations of 
six Jesuit priests: Ra- 
fael Bustillo, then 
head of the Air Force, 
Rene Emilio Ponce, 
defense minister, Juan 
Zepeda, vice-defense 
minister, and Fran- 
cisco Fuentes, com- 
mander of the First 
Infantry Brigade. 

Because the ne\^s pa^es include ncAS from various 
Church of the Brethren ori^anizations and move- 
ments . the activities reported on may represent a 
variety of viev^points. These pages also report on 
other national and international news relevant to 
Brethren. Information in nevis articles does not 
necessarily represent the opinions ofMlisSENGRR or 
the Church of the Brethren. 

UN report vindicates church 
position on El Salvador 

A United Nations report blaming gov- 
ernment forces for an overwhelming 
majority of human rights abuses dur- 
ing El Salvador's civil war has been 
hailed by Yvonne Dilling, Latin 
America representative. 

The report could be Latin Ameri- 
ca's equivalent of the Nuremburg 
Trials if its recommendations are fol- 
lowed, she said. It names high mili- 
tary officials and related death squads 
responsible for killing thousands of 
civilians, including Archbishop Oscar 
Romero, four Catholic churchwomen, 
and six Jesuit priests, their house- 
keeper, and her daughter. 

The Brethren have been among re- 
ligious groups who have blamed the 
military for killings and human rights 
abuses in El Salvador, only to have 
claims dismissed by the Reagan and 
Bush administrations. The US gave El 

Salvador about $6 billion in military 
aid over 12 years, .sent military advis- 
ors, and brought Salvadoran military 
officers to the US for training. 

The report blames the rebel Fara- 
bundo Marti National Liberation 
Front for a considerably fewer number 
of abuses. The report is a vital step in 
the country's peace process. 

Dilling was in El Salvador visiting 
sister churches when the report was 
released. She was traveling with her 
parents and members of the Reba 
Place church in Evanston, 111. Salva- 
doran reaction was mixed, she said, 
and included gratitude for the report 
and dismay at the government re- 
sponse. If justice is not done, she said, 
the report could lead to more fighting. 

Salvadoran President Cristiani re- 
acted to the report by urging a general 
amnesty and pardon for all govern- 
ment employees named. He has since 
reluctantly accepted UN demands to 
remove 1 5 top Army chiefs from duty 
by June 30 including defense minister 
Rene Emilio Ponce, who was named 
in the report as having participated in 
the murders of the Jesuits. 

A second UN report issued in April 
says the human rights situation has 
improved since 1991 's peace accord, 
but killings continue. The second re- 
port blamed former members of the 
military and police forces for continu- ' 
ing the killing, but said their actions 
did not seem to be ordered by the 

6 Messenger June 1993 

exuals into positions of leadership, he 
ssumed they would be celibate. That, he 
leHeved. put his readiness for acceptance 
1 accord with the Conference paper. 

His explanation seemed to satisfy at 
;ast some critics. One said the Green- 
nount meeting might not have been 
ailed if the qualification about celibacy 
/ere in the statement in MESSENGER. 

After several presentations, including 
ne by Brethren Revival Fellowship 
;ader Harold Martin stating the BRF's 
tance against homosexual practices, the 
oor was opened for statements and 
uestions. About 25 people spoke before 
le end of the meeting. 

A fourth of the speakers called for ac- 
;ptance of homosexuals and dialog with 
Item. Robert Morris, on the pastoral 
laff of the Bridgewater ( Va.) church, 
ited the Peter and Cornelius story of 
(Cts 10 to suggest that biblical positions 
|in be altered by fresh insights. Kurt 
nyder. pastor of the Roann (Ind.) 
;iurch. reminded the gathering of Jesus" 
iimonition to his disciples in Luke 9:55, 

at he had "not come to destroy the lives 
i' human beings, but to save them." 
j Speakers calling for homosexuality (or 
iimosexual practices) to be considered 

1. cited references in Genesis. Judges. 

.'viticus. Romans, 1 Corinthians, and I 

mothy (all are di.scussed in the 1983 
rper). These speakers decried any ac- 
ims or statements that even suggested 
aceptance of homosexuals. "Sin is sin." 
ilclared L. Myers Mullins. pastor of the 
• imberland church near Clintwood. Va. 
'jiod's Word is true. We can't have our 
tj/n ideas." Insisting "there is no such 
(|ng as a 'homosexual Christian." "" Ru- 
1]; Smith, pastor of the French Broad 
dngregation. Dandridge. Tenn.. con- 
flnted Boyer with a call to resign. Boyer 
tswered that if proper procedures led to 
\ dismissal, he would accept it. but he 
i\i no intention to resign. 

At the end of the meeting, acting on a 
fiposal from BRF leader James Myer, a 
rjority of those still present (many had 
l\ because of the lateness of the hour). 
v|ed to pass to Standing Committee a 
S: ement adopted by Atlantic Northeast 
I| trict (see January, page 6): "In light 
oi he Scriptures and the 1983 and 1992 

BVS director in group 
called to White House 

Brethren Volunteer Service director 
Jan Schrock represented Anabaptist 
volunteer organizations at a meeting 
at the White House in April. 

Schrock and five others from the 
Council of Religious Volunteer 
Agencies met with Eli Segal, director 
of the Office of National Service, to 
discuss the Clinton administration"s 
plans for a national service program. 

actions of Annual Conference in regard 
to homosexuality, we . . . desire to sup- 
port Christ-centered ministry which 
seeks to"help people stop practicing 
homosexuality, and we will not support 
anything which promotes accepting the 
practice of homosexuality as a lifestyle 
that is approved by God." 

The gathering"s moderator. Harrison- 
burg attorney Phillip Stone, noted that "a 
substantial number"" of the people pres- 
ent voted against the proposal. He re- 
minded the gathering that it was not an 
official body and Standing Committee 
had no obligation to act on the proposal. 

Related issues were also dealt with in 
the meeting: Unhappiness was voiced 
concerning a letter general secretary 
Donald Miller and General Board chair- 
man David Wine sent to the governor of 
Colorado, supporting "the appeal of 
Amendment 2. which disallows civil 
rights discrimination on the basis of sex- 
ual orientation" (March, page 10). Miller 
cited the 1983 paper, which calls for "ad- 
vocating the right of homosexuals to 
jobs, housing, and legal justice."' Termin- 
ation of the Parish Ministries Commis- 
sion"s liaisonship with the Boy Scouts of 
America also was explained by Miller. 

The presence at the April Southeastern 
Regional Youth Conference of Manches- 
ter College campus minister Deanna 
Brown was protested. In a Brethren Life 
and Thoui^ht article (Winter 1991. page 
12). Brown alluded to a "wedding ser- 
vice"' she conducted for two women. 

"Everything went smoothly" at the 
regional youth conference, according to 

The council requested the meeting to 
lobby for religious volunteers receiv- 
ing the same student loan deferments 
or loan forgiveness that national 
service volunteers will receive once 
the program is in place. 

"We just don't want our programs 
to be hurt by national .service." 
Schrock said. 

She reported that Segal was most 
interested in what kinds of work reli- 
gious volunteers do. especially in the 
areas of mediation and reconciliation. 

youth ministries staff Chris Michael, but 
the attendance was down to 200-250, 
from an average of 300. 

Two events were offered as alterna- 
tives to the regional conference. District 
youth cabinet advisor Paul Dietz said the 
decision to offer an alternative in West 
Marva was the youth cabinet's, not the 
advisors" or the district"s. and that advis- 
ors did not discourage youth from attend- 
ing the regional conference. He said the 
cabinet did not intend to boycott the con- 
ference or attack Brown personally, but 
to make a statement about the issues. 
Sixty-five youth attended the event. 

The Briery Branch church in Shenan- 
doah sponsored an ecumenical alternate 
event that attracted 52 youth. Pastor C. 
Reynolds Simmons Jr. said the church 
decided to hold the event after receiving 
a letter from the Greenmount church 
about Brown's leadership at the regional 
conference. "I am not a rebel by nature."" 
he said, but added that he is "really con- 
cerned about the drift into social issues." 


National Observance of Children's Sab- 
baths. Oct. 16- 17 [contact Children's 
Defense Fund. 25 E St.. N.W.. Washing- 
ton. DC 20001]. 

1994 Nigeria Workcamp, in .Ahuja. Nige- 
ria's federal capital. Jan. 16-Feb. Id. 
1 994 [contact the .Jifnca and Middle East 
Office. Church of the Brethren General 
Board. 1451 Dundee Ave.. Elgin. IL 
60120; (800) 323-8039]. 

June 1993 Messenger 7 


Bethany borrows up to $4 
million from Benefit Trust 

Bethany Seminar.' will borrow up to $4 
million from the Brethren Benefit Trust 
to finance its move to Richmond. Ind. 
Bethany is affiliating with Earlham 
School of Religion and moving to Rich- 
mond by September 1994. The loan is 
secured by the school's 31 -acre campus 
in Oak Brook. 111. 

The Bethany and BBT boards ap- 
proved the loan in principle at their 
meetings in April and March. The mon- 
ey will come from the Retired Lives Re- 
serves of BBT"s Pension Plan, .^s plan 
members retire, their pension accumula- 
tions are added to the reserves and in- 
vested to fund annuities. Funds for the 
loan will come from these transfers and 
matured bonds due for reinvestment. The 
loan will be made in three notes within 
the next year, and is due in 1998. 

TTie loan replaces Bethany's other op- 
tion for financing the move, the sale of 
bonds on the Oak Brook property. 

The Bethany board received good news 
from a new engineering study of the Oak 
Brook campus showing less property in a 
flood plain than in previous studies. The 
property's wetlands are at its edges, 

Youth learn to worship, 
follow homeless Christ 

Sixty youth and advisors visited New 
York City and Washington, D.C., 
March 21-26 for the 1993 Christian 
Citizenship Seminar on urban justice 
in the '90s. The youth applied knowl- 
edge they gained during the week to 
challenge legislators to take an in- 
terest in the plight of the cities. 

Ministers and other church-related 
workers who face the lack of urban 
justice every day made presentations 
to the group. In New York, Phil Car- 
los Archbold challenged the youth to 
be willing to make a difference in the 
lives of those around them. Jean Sin- 
dab, of the National Council of 
Churches, informed participants 
about many hidden injustices taking 

making it easier for a buyer to plan dev- 
elopment. If a developer moves wetlands, 
they must be replaced by an area one and 
a half times the size. Bethany is working 
through the Charles H. Shaw Co. to put 
the property on the market. 

The board approved a 100-year lease 
of land on the Earlham campus and 
heard a report from Gerald Harley, of 
Harley-Hollmann Architects, who is de- 
signing Bethany's $2.4 million building 
in Richmond. The 25,000-square foot 
structure is organized into three "build- 
ings" joined by a lobby, Harley said. The 
three areas are for administration and 
offices, common space and classrooms, 
and a chapel. In the chapel, Harley is 
retuming to the "straightforward" style 
of old Brethren meetinghouses, he said. 

The board decided to construct the 
new building through an "invitation to 
bid — prices not to exceed" method ad- 
vi.sed by its Construction Committee, 
headed by Ivan Patterson. Construction 
will be supervised by a manager rather 
than a general contractor. 

Bethany's Development Office re- 
ported plans to ask Brethren for "bricks 
and mortar" gifts to help fund the build- 
ing. Development staff also reported 
plans for an alumni reunion April 10-12, 

Kristi Rittle, of the Highland Avenue 
congregation in Elgin, III., met with 
Illinois Senator Paul Simon during the 
1993 Christian Citizenship Seminar. 

place in the city. The group heard from 
Clark Bell, who has chosen to live on the 

1 994, to say good bye to the old campus. 

In other business, the Bethany board 

— learned the school may have a much 
smaller deficit this year than recently; 

— made it a priority to increase full- 
time faculty from five-and-a-half to six- 
and-a-half in 1994-95 or soon thereafter; 

— dealt with dissolution of the library 
jointly owned with Northern Baptist 
Seminary, agreeing to equally divide all 
but special Brethren or Baptist materials: 

— heard next year's enrollment is 
down 48 percent; and 

— talked about appropriate use of the 
seminary's stained glass windows. 

The SERRV program makes 
staff change in promotions 

Ginny Grossnickie has begun as pro- 
motions associate 

Ginnx Grossnickie 

for SERRV. She ( 
has worked there 1 
since 1968, previ-i' 
ously holding jobs 
in the Internation- 
al Gift Shop and i 
inanager of cus- 
tomer service. 

streets with the homeless, and in 
Washington from ministers Richard 
Kyerematen. John Steinbruck, H. 
Beecher Hicks, and Duane Ramsey 
about problems in their communities 
and how the churches have re- 
sponded. An evening was spent with 
four participants from Los Angeles 
who told of life during the riots there 
last year. 

The church is beginning to more 
intentionally examine its call to invest 
further in the cities, but there are 60 
young people who have taken the first 
step — they have learned to question. 
They have heard and responded to 
leaders like Steinbruck, who pointed 
out that we "worship and follow a 
homeless Christ" — who says, "Follow 
me. Drop your nets. We're going to 
travel light." — AUDREY OSBORNE 

8 Messenger June 1993 

jibble goes to UNESCO event 
}n religion, peace for WCC 

JNESCO is exploring becoming an in- 
ermediary in conflicts with a religious 
ilement, such as that in the former Yu- 
goslavia, according to staff for peace and 
ntemational affairs Lamar Gibble. 

Gibble represented the World Council 
)f Churches at a recent UNESCO confer- 
;nce on "The Role of Religion in the 
'romotion of a Culture of Peace." The 
neeting was a first event signaling 
JNESCO's interest in religion as a fac- 
er in armed conflicts around the world. 

The sad thing about religiosity is that it 
|eels often that it has a comer on truth, 
'nd then becomes a contributor to vio- 
lence," Gibble said. 
'. The meeting included participation 
rom every major world religion and re- 

ealed "a common commitment that 
'eligions bear a major responsibility for 

acification." he said. Though there 
perns to be a growing interest in 

peaceful resolution of conflict in the 
world's religions, "the search for a more 
just and peaceful international order re- 
mains as urgent as ever," Gibble said in 
the paper he presented to the meeting. 

Christian leaders protest 
end of hunger committee 

General Secretary Donald Miller has 
signed a letter protesting elimination of 
the House of Representative's Select 
Committee on Hunger. 

The letter, sent by 23 Christian lead- 
ers, urged Congress to reconsider the 
decision. The letter expressed solidarity 
with Congressman Tony Hall of Ohio in 
his 22-day fast as chairman of the com- 
mittee. He abandoned the fast after the 
agriculture secretary announced plans for 
a national conference and forums on 
hunger, and the World Bank said it will 
hold summits on the problem. 

\Vd\iie F. Geist'it 

William P Rohinson 

Presidents leave Bridgewater, 
Manchester Colleges 

Wayne F. Geisert plans to retire as 
president of Bridgewater (Va.) College 
between August and December. 1994. He 
will have served as Bridgewater's presi- 
dent for more than 30 years. 

Geisert began his presidency in 1964 
after serving as dean of McPherson 
(Kan.) College. He has served the long- 
est tenure of the school's six presidents. 

William P. Robinson resigns July 1 as 
president of Manchester College, North 
Manchester, Ind. He has served in the 
position since 1986, and leaves to be- 
come president of Whitworth College, 
Spokane, Wash. 

Manchester board of trustees chairman 
Ed Butterbaugh will serve as interim 
president beginning August 1. 

yuba Ulea was named general secretary of Ekklesiyar Yanuwa a 
geria (the Church of the Brethren in Nigeria) during its Majalisa (an- 
lal meeting) in April. Ulea has been a teacher at the Theological 
ollege of Northern Nigeria. 

South African churches called for prayers for peace after 
i assassination of anti-apartheid leader Chris Hani in April. Hani was 
,9 former head of armed struggle for the African National Congress 
iNC) and leader of the South African Communist Party (SACP). Arch- 
jshop Desmond Tutu, South African Council of Churches head Frank 
'jiikane, and other religious leaders urged calm and discipline in the 
'iike of the killing, but in a day of 84 memorial services and rallies, 
vience broke out at four or five. The violence prompted Tutu and 
iiiikane to join others in calling for an interim government with joint 
I'lCk and white control of security forces, and a date set soon for non- 
Dial elections. 

"We've lost a friend and colleague," said National Council of 
lurches head Joan Campbell upon receiving word of the death of 
f Tiworker organizer Cesar Chavez in April. Chavez "had a generous 
8 J gentle spirit and . . . was determined that farmworkers would have 
I lice," she said. 

The United Nations World Conference on Human Rights 

African National Congress 
and Soutti African Com- 
munist Party leader Ctiris 
Hani spoke at a funeral 
tfiat a delegation of Breth- 
ren attended during a visit 
to Soutti Africa last year. 

June 14-25 meeting will be 
the first high-level world 
meeting on human rights 
since 1968. The meeting will 
examine ways to ensure 
compliance with internation- 
al human rights standards. 

Zandra Wagoner, a Brethren member from Oak Brook, III., is 
one of only six North Americans invited to the World Council of 
Churches' Ecumenical Youth Gathering in Brazil July 10-26. 

Benjamin F. Chavis Jr., an ordained minister who headed the 
United Church of Christ's Commission for Racial Justice and is a vet- 
eran of the civil rights struggle, has been named head of the National 
Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). 

June 144.^ Messenger 9 

The church that 'gives 
'em what they want' 

Part plan and part accident, Waterford Community Church 
refers to itself as a 'seeker-targeted group — church-growth 
jargon that translates into 'Give 'em what they want.' 

by Frank Ramirez 

Whut uould make three Church of the 
Brethren pastors resign their positions 
simuhaneously — two of them to work in 
the free ministry* — in order to serve a 
church barely six months old? 

Maybe the leading of the Lord. 

We're talking about a church that 

doesn't look like a church. There's no 
offering, no sermon, no piano, and 
no organ. 

Waterford Community church, in 
Northern Indiana District, has been in 
existence a little over six months and it 
has grown from nothing to an average 
attendance of 134. A few weeks ago 
attendance there hit 171. 

And it's one of ours. This in an era 
when attendance in many of our 
churches is sharply declining. 

Part plan and part accident, the 
congregation refers to itself as a "seeker- 
targeted" group, church-growth jargon 
that translates into "Give 'em what 
they want." 

Seeker-targeting is more than a 

Little about Waterford resembles a traditional church or worship service. "It's a non-participation 

service," explains pastor Mike Overpeck. "The audience is not asked to stand or sing or give money 

or sign up for anything." The music is rock and roll, with guitars, synthesizers, and drums. 


10 Messenger June 1993 

After a circle prayer for Saturday evening's program cast, the show begins 
promptly at 6 p.m. Important elements of the program are skits and rock and roll 
music. Easter Saturday's skit centered on a student killed in a car accident. 
Michael DeBroka, Derek Cripe, and Dixie Elliot portrayed friends, and Ken 
Swank (with shovel) a cemetery worker. The evening's theme was "Looking for 
Love in an Empty Grave." Don Reynolds performs on the show's requisite 
synthesizer. Vocal numbers are rendered by Nancy Miller, Pam Kirkdorffer, Tara 
Overpeck, and Sue Juday, while Jim Lantz provides drum accompaniment. 

hristian version of the "smart bomb." It 
isumes that there are folks who have 
rown up with little or no contact with 
le church. There are innumerable 
lings we believers take for granted — 
ords, phrases, and practices that 
eekers" never heard of. In order to 
rget these individuals and to bring 
em into a relationship with God. whole 
•w methods are being explored. 
Mike Overpeck is now the pastor of 
aterford church. He also is pastor of 
iw Paris Church of the Brethren, but 
5 resignation already has been accepted 
that congregation. (New Paris helped 
onsor the birth of Waterford.) 
"What we do," notes Mike, "is try to 

June 1993 Messenger 11 

understand why people are not going to 
church, then design a sersice around 
(our findings). We find they're not 
comfortable singing. We provide the 
music for them. They're tired of people 
always asking for money. We don't ask. 
Everything is designed with the non- 
church person in mind. 

"Worship is Saturday night. It begins 
at 6 . . . and lasts 55 minutes. You can 
set your watch by it." 

Rather than meet in a church building. 
Waterford conducts services in an 
auditorium at Bethany Christian High 
School near Goshen, Ind. "It is a non- 
participation service. The audience is 
not asked to stand or sing or give money 
or sign up for anything. We draw 
heavily on providing full amenities — a 
lot of signs to get people where they have 
to go: greeters ready to visit or to leave 

"The music is all '60s and '70s-style 
rock and roll. We have a band with 
guitar, synthesizers, and drums." 

It's all part of being sensitive to the 
audience, explains Mike. "We listened to 
the radio stations in the area. The three 
most popular are oldies stations. We do 
oldies — sometimes with the words 
slightly altered. 

"We use what I call life-situation 
dramas. They're the same styles as 
"Saturday Night Live' (a popular, long- 
running television show), except we use 
a little good taste. A lot of humor, a lot 
of dialogs and monologues. All thematic, 
all rehearsed in advance. 

12 Messenger June 1993 

ministry team — 
Tim Bartholomew, 
Mike Overpeck, 
and Ken Swank — 
was to be commis- 
sioned after the 
June 12 program. 
Mike began the 
community church 
after being inspired 
by Willow Creek, a 
Chicago-area non- 

"Typically, we do not read directly 
from the Bible. We use another, creative 
approach to tell the same story. 

"We avoid the usual religious terms. 
'Righteous' is a big one. We shy away 
from it. We explain the terms rather than 
use them. It's a hard learning process for 
all of us. We're so comfortable with the 
language of our church. 

"At Waterford we don't assume that 
people know the Bible stories. If we're to 
use one, we tell it. We don't assume that 
people know about God. Jesus Christ, the 
Christmas story, or the Easter story." 

Mike is resigning his current position 
at New Paris Church of the Brethren 
with no guarantees for the security of his 
work at Waterford. "So far. we've been 
self-sufficient. There's a donation box 
outside the auditorium. The 30 members 
on our team are dividing their tithes 
between their current church and 

"In print, it is clear that we are 
affiliated with the Church of the Breth- 
ren. But the effort is ecumenical in 
scope. And we've found that denomina- 
tional names tend to stifle or limit the 
people who come." 

Ken Swank, who is resigning his 
position at Turkey Creek Church of the 
Brethren to enter the free ministry at 
Waterford, notes, "Our new church 
development office commissioned a 
$3,000 demographic study four years 
ago. It listed 12 hot spots in Northern 
Indiana District, and one of them was the 
comer of County Roads 40 and 15 in 

Elkhart County — Waterford." 

Originally Northern Indiana District 
considered starting a group of house 
churches that eventually would chain 
together to form one congregation. Terry 
Hattleld. district minister for Northern 
Indiana, explained, "It was both planned 
and unplanned. Waterford was one of the 
13 targeted locations for church planting. 
The serendipity of it all was the style of 
the church, which is seeker-driven. We 
need to be as innovative as the apostles 
going out to the marketplace, and that's 
what happened in this case." 

Paul Mundey, director of evangelism 
on the denomination's Parish Ministries 
staff, had a hand in the church's found- 
ing. He was visiting Mike Overpeck aftei 
a speaking engagement, and the topic 
turned to what the church of the '90s 
would look like. 

At Paul's invitation. Mike made a 
pilgrimage to experience Willow Creek, 
a non-denominational "mega-church" ir 
the northwestern Chicago suburbs. 
"What I saw changed my life," Mike 

"We were looking for innovative 
models of church development." said 
Paul. "For us, Waterford is a first. We 
have planted churches before, but 
never had a church grow with this kind 
of success." 

Working with Mike Overpeck, Ken 
Swank will be overseeing children and 
youth ministries at the church. "It has 
changed my whole way of looking at 
how to do church — thinking about what 
the people in everyday life are thinking 
about." Ken is planning to support his 
ministry through a sign business called 
"Signs and Wonders." 

Tim Bartholomew is the third membe 
of the pastoral team. He has resigned hi:' | 
pastoral position at Yellow Creek 
Church of the Brethren to take charge o < 
what is called "believers ministries." I 
After working in a construction job 
during the day to support his ministry, I 
will focus on the Wednesday evening 
services, which for the time being are 
taking place in a renovated garage neari 
Bethany Christian High School. "The 
(continued on page 14) 

Become all things to all people 

The Waterford model may not be what you are ready to try. But eveiy 
congregation needs to learn the dos and donts of reaching out to the 
young adults who are the missing generation of today's church. 

by David Valeta 

Young adults are the missing generation 
in the church today. Between 1946 and 
1964, 78 million Americans were bom. 
These people make up nearly one-third 
of the current US population, and make 
up the "baby boomer" generation. 
! Studies have indicated that nearly 30 
■ million of these baby boomers have had 
(little or no contact with the church. A 
'major reason why many churches are not 
growing is the absence of these young 
adults. In order to grow, churches must 
minister in specific ways to reach 
this generation. 

The apostle Paul tailored his presenta- 
(tion of the gospel message to the 
particular needs of those he was attempt- 
,]ing to reach: "To the weak, I became 
weak, that I might win the weak. I 
ihave become all things to all people, 
that I might by all means win some" ( 1 
'ZoT. 9:22). How can your congregation 
:reate a climate that reaches out to 
/oung adults? 

• Ask young adults in your area what 
hey want and what they need from the 
;hurch. Often we assume we know what 
hey want, and attempt programs that do 
lot fit the real needs of real people. 

• Be intentional about the ministry of 
jiospitality. Most churches just assume 
■hey are friendly, yet most visitors 
fidicate that they do not feel really 
/elcomed when they attend a church for 
le first time. Trained greeters, adequate 
arking, easy-to-read signs, and invita- 
ons to Sunday dinner are some ways to 
elp new people feel welcome. 

• Young adults are attracted to a 
i^urch that has creative, emotionally 
>;pressive worship. Pastors and worship 
:)mmittees need to design worship 
iperiences that include a variety of 
yles. Untraditional music (both songs 
id instruments), drama, and music 

interpreted by movement are elements to 
enhance worship. Sermons that are 
relevant to daily life also are important. 
Many young adults appreciate sermons 
that are biblically based, practical for 
daily living, and illustrated with the 
personal e.xperiences of the preacher. A 
helpful book in this area is The Missing 
Generation, by Robert L. Bast. 

• The church must strive for high 
quality in all that it does. This "TV 
generation" is conditioned to expect lots 
of choices (cable TV) and professional 
quality. One of the best investments a 
church can make to attract and keep 
young families is to provide a clean, up- 
to-date nursery. 

• Give young adults responsibility. 
Often, young adults are recruited to work 
with children or the youth group. The 
church needs young adults involved in 
all facets of congregational life. By 
intentionally sharing power and deci- 
sion-making with young adults, the 
church is helping to empower them to 
become a vital part of the congregation. 
Older adults can give the benefits of their 
wisdom and experience through a 
mentoring program, which can be a 
valuable relationship for both parties. 
Caution: Don't push newcomers into 
work assignments. Let them set the pace. 

• Provide opportunities for small- 
group experiences that help young adults 
build a sense of belonging. Educational 
groups such as classes and Bible studies; 
social groups such as dinner clubs, 
sports, and other special-interest activi- 
ties; and community service opportuni- 
ties such as working with a local food 
bank can provide a place for young 
adults to experience belonging. Also, 
provide family ministries. Provide child 
care for all church events. Programs for 
children and youth, "mother's day out" 
and "parents' night out" are attractive to 
young adults with families. 

• Take young adults' lifestyles into 
account. Young adults are busy. Often 
both the husband and the wife work 
outside the home. Structures, commit- 
tees, and programs need to be stream- 
lined. To achieve streamlining, some 
churches have combined most of their 
activities and meetings into one night. 

• Provide opportunities for spiritual 
growth. The reason the "New Age 
movement" and other forms of spiritual- 
ity appeal to many people is because 
they are interested in spiritual matters. 
Special events, retreats, and different 
types of small groups centered on 
spiritual growth are important avenues 
for reaching young adults. 

• Keep up with the changing times, 
not allowing tradition or habit to be the 
ultimate value in making decisions. Baby 
boomers distrust institutions that insist 
on doing things the way they have 
always been done. Institutions, including 
the church, need to be "user friendly." 

Two books that can help your church 
as you seek change are How To Reach 
Baby Boomers, by William Easum, 
and Ministry With Young Adults: The 
Search for Intimacy, a Brethren Press 

Change is not easy. In fact, it is hard 
work. We need to develop a "mission 
field mentality" in our work to reach 
baby boomers. When one goes on a 
mission, preparations are made. The 
people to be reached are studied, and a 
plan is devised and put into effect that 
will give the best chance of 
creating positive results. 



David Valeta is campus minister at McPhcrson 
College. He is (me iif four persons trained to 
present a vo»«,? adult ministry seminar at tlie 
district level for cnni;rei;ations. If you are 
interested in having a seminar presented in y/nir 
district, contact Chris Michael. 1451 Dundee .Ave.. 
Elgin. It 60120. Tel. (800) nj-S0S9. 

June 1993 Messen£er13 

A seven-step strategy 
for a seeker-driven church 

1 ) Bridge-building. Studies of new believers reveal that individuals must know 
an average of tlve believers before they trust Christ. Seekers need to see the 
Christian life lived out in people they know and trust. Every believer in a seeker- 
driven church must stay engaged in building friendships with unbelievers. 

2) Sharing a verbal witness. Every believer in a seeker-driven church needs 
to be trained to give a crisp, compelling verbal testimony to the life-changing 
power of Jesus Christ. As friendships are built with unbelievers, the opportunity 
to share that testimony may come in six minutes or six months. 

3) Providing a service for seekers. Church-growth experts agree that only 
about 10 percent of Christians have the gift of evangelism. Most Christians need 
help. A seeker-driven church provides this help by offering a weekly, contempo- 
rary service of music, drama, and technical production designed as a tool for 
believers to comfortably introduce their friends to the gospel message. 

4) Attending the service for believers. A seeker-driven church highly values 
the creative worship of God and the biblical exposition of his Word. A weekly 
service with these distinctives is the next step in the spiritual growth of the 
seeker who has trusted Christ. This service is imperative for those who are 
committed to becoming fully devoted followers of Jesus Christ. 

5) Participating in a small group. Believers in a seeker-driven church be- 
come involved in a small group that consists of six to eight people. These groups 
meet regularly for encouragement, accountability, discipleship, and support. 

6) Involved in ministry. All believers are uniquely gifted by God and will 
reach their potential only when they are joyfully using their God-given gifts. In a 
seeker-driven church, believers are encouraged to discover their spiritual gifts, 
develop them, and use them in some form of ministry. 

7) Stewardship. The goal of a seeker-driven church is to enable seekers to 
become fully devoted followers of Jesus Christ, understanding God's complete 
ownership of every aspect of their lives. The beginning again of the seven-step 
strategy is the result of bringing the seeker full circle into the vital life of the 
body of Christ. 

These steps are reproduced from a brochure produced by a seeker-driven project in Philadelphia, 
Pa. They are the essential elements of Willow Creek Community church. South Barrington, III., and its 
seeker-driven model. 

(continued front page 12) 
Wednesday evening services are as close 
to regular church as we get," noted Tim. 

Regarding the decision to avoid 
Sunday services, Tim commented, "First 
of all, around 15 percent of the popula- 
tion works on Sunday, making it 
impractical for those people to be at a 
Sunday morning service. But more 
importantly, we are looking for the 
unchurched. One of the requirements we 

14 Messenger June 1 993 

have for the membership is that every 
member develop relationships with 
unchurched people, go outside the usual 
circles where we find our Christian 
friends. We have to be free on Sunday 
mornings to find them. It could be at the 
golf course, you name it, all the places 
that are open on Sunday morning." 

Only recently has the church begun to 
advertise through regular channels. "At 
first we avoided newspaper ads because 

we weren't looking for people dis- 
gruntled with their old church," noted 
Mike. "We wanted people who had 
never heard of church. Instead, we 
depended on hand-delivered invitations 
that describe who we are, where and 
when we meet, and a little bit about us. 
We distribute about a hundred a week. 
Team members always have a handful to 
pass on." 

Although, Waterford was solely a local 
development at first, the denominational 
staff in Elgin, 111., began to take note of 
the church's success. Merle Crouse, 
director of church development, is 
especially excited. 

"We're very positive about what is 
happening at Waterford and appreciate 
the initiative the team of young pastors 
has taken in giving the model a try. 
We're hoping other new church sponsors 
will pick up on that model. It looks like 
there's some interest elsewhere. 

"TTie key philosophy that's different is 
that it's not for church people. It's for 
secular people who are seeking a 
meaningful relationship with God. We'n 
hopeful of having similar projects in 
Illinois and elsewhere by 1994. The 
problem is finding the talent necessary t( 
provide that kind of worship. Not just 
anybody is able to provide it." 

The staff at Waterford church recently 
attended a new church development 
retreat at New Windsor (Md.) Service 
Center, and was given half a day to pre- 
sent the seeker-targeted model. It also 
presented a video of a Watertord service) 

As a result, said Merle, "I'm hopeful 
that by the end of this year we'll have a 
design ready to go in 1994." 

All of the participants are aware that 
there are no guarantees — that anything 
could happen. All seem willing to risk 
job security for a chance to take part in 
something that could represent a new 
and wholly other method of evangelism. 

"It's got a long way to go," said Paul 
Mundey, "But it certainly has 
borne fruit already." 

Frank Ramirez is pastor of Elkhart Valley 
Church of the Brethren. Elkhart, hid. 


by Robin 
Wentworth App 

Stepping Slones is a column offering 
suggestions, perspectives, and 
opinions — snapshots of life — that ne 
hope are helpful to readers in their 
Christian journey . As the writer said 
in her first installment. "Remember, 
when it comes to managing life's 
difficulties, we don't need to walk on 
water. We just need to learn where 
the stepping stones are." 


I've been transcribing 
information from my old 
address book into a new 
one — a project that has 
generated a kaleidoscope of 
memories and emotions as I 
weed out the names. I smiled 
with fondness at the names 
of previous co-workers. I 
sighed in resignation at the 
names of probation kids I 
had supervised. I sniffled 
with nostalgic longing over 
the names of college and 
seminary friends. And then I 
shuddered, feeling a fresh 
wave of grief at the names 
connected with the App 
clan — the names that are no 
longer family to me. 

1 always had thought hell 
would freeze over before 1 
would ever wind up divorced. 
If someone had prophesied 
on July 16, 1977, that 14 
years later my pastor 
husband would walk away 
from the marriage and values 
he once held sacred I would 
not even have flinched. I 
would have laughed out loud, 
so sure, so secure, so elated 
were we that day. 

The twilight zone of 
divorce has been a grueling 
nightmare of disillusion- 
ment, depression, and 
despair for me. I lost sleep, I 
lost weight, I lost perspec- 
tive, 1 lost control, and I 
nearly lost my mind. But, 
praise God, I didn't lose 
friends, and, thanks to them, 
I didn't lose faith. I owe 
much to the Nappanee 
Church of the Brethren and 
my district pastor, Terry 

I've asked a thousand 
unanswered "whys" and 
have cried enough tears to 
fill a baptistry. During this 
"dark night," I picked up a 
little book with an irresistible 
title: Laid. Don't You Love 
Me Anymore? In it, Ruth 
Harms Calkin prays: "O 
God, teach me well . . . teach 
me well. It is dramatically 
important that the pain of 
this past year is not wasted. 
How tragic it would be to 
suffer so much and gain so 
little. . . . Teach me well, O 

What have I learned? A 
lot. But two elementary 
principles stand out: 1 ) 
Prayer has less to do with 
getting what we want out of 
God, and more to do with 
surrendering what we want 
to God. 2) The Christian life 
is not about finding "happi- 
ness," but about practicing 

For each name that did not 
get recorded in my new 
address book, I said a prayer 
that it would indeed be 
recorded in heaven, where 
there will be no more 
brokenness and no more 
good byes. While the project 
itself has been an emotional 
mix, the reason for it is pure 
joy, for the new book is 
filling up as I address 
wedding invitations. 

God has blessed me with a 
dream-come-true relation- 
ship in the form of a tall, 
blonde, blue-eyed German 
with a big heart, a sensitive 
spirit, and an uncompromis- 
ing faith. He is secure 

enough not to be intimidated 
by me, smart enough not to 
be manipulated by me. good- 
humored enough to joke 
about his role as a "pastor's 
spouse," and romantic 
enough to propose to me (on 
one knee, yet) in front of my 
congregation on Sunday 

So, not only will I have a 
new address book, I will have 
a new name and a whole new 
set of family and friends to 
record in it. Yet, even in the 
midst of my rejoicing, there 
is ongoing pain, for the 
fallout from divorce never 
ends. Divorce does not 
simply dissolve marriages, it 
destroys families. Just ask 
our six boys. 

My soon-to-be-husband 
and I both believe that God's 
first choice would have been 
to heal the marriages of our 
youth. The fact, however, 
that neither of us chose to 
default on those covenants 
helps lay the foundation of 
trust and respect for our new 

New address book, new 
name, new family, new 
home, new start. The amaz- 
ing part of God's amazing 
grace is that second choice 
does not have to mean 
second best, hut instead 
can mean 
second chance. 


Rohin Wentworth App was 
married to Hoist Gunther Mayer on 
May 1.1993. hy Terry Hatjicld. in 
the Nappanee Church of the Breth- 
ren. She is a therapist from Nap- 
panee, Ind. She currently is interim 
pastor of Pleasant Valley Church of 
the Brethren. Middleburw Ind. 

June 1993 Messenger 15 


. Hammering out love 

The ugly blisters healed, and the beautiful tans faded. The lasting 

mementos of our workcamp at Broken Bow were our hammers, used to 

^hammer out love' between us and our Choctaw brothers and sisters. 

by Phyllis H. Grain 

Do you recall writing the traditional 
"What I Did During My Summer 
Vacation" essay at the beginning of each 
new school year? Remember the drudg- 
ery of trying to 
make the annual 
family vacation to 
the mountains or the 
beach sound 
somewhat interest- 
ing? As a teacher. I 
often gave this 
assignment to my 
students in the fall. 1 
thought about the 
youth who shared in 
the Broken Bow 
workcamp experi- 
ence last summer 

and wondered if their essay would read 
something like this: 

In a rare moment of risk-taking in 
January 1992, a small group of youth 

16 Messenger June 1993 

and I from Mill Creek Church of the 
Brethren completed applications and 
mailed in our $50 "non-refundable" 
checks to participate in a youth 
workcamp during the summer. Joining 
40 other senior high youth and a few 

project took us to Broken Bow, Okla., in 

The chapel got new paint, a new roof, and a new room (left, being roofed). 

counselors from around the nation, we 
participated in one of seven national 
youth workcamps sponsored by the 
Church of the Brethren. Our mission 

July to work among the Choctaw Indians 
in one of the most economically de- 
pressed areas of the United States. 

Following a long and muggy 16-hour 
drive from Tryon, N.C., in a minivan 
stuffed with sleep- 
ing bags, electric 
fans, and youth, we 
began to see home- 
made posters on thei 
roadside pointing to 
the "Brethren 
workcamp" site. 
Our final turn off 
the Oklahoma back] 
roads brought us iw 
sight of a run-down 
church camp over- 
grown with weeds. 
As we crawled oi 
of the van and stretched, we were met b; 
a group of Brethren youth from Michi- 
gan who warned us not to walk in the 
tall grass. The caretaker, who was 

Alan Edwards (left) 
mixes cement for 
the foundation. 
Melissa Manseau 
(below, left) uses 
her Skilsaw to notch 
2-by-4sfor trusses. 
Shannon Randolph 
(below) applies a 
shovel to old 
shingles, prepara- 
tory to reroofing the 
Broken Bow 

fpposite, top: Amy Edwards hammers out love while hammer- 
iig down a subfloor at the Broken Bow church. Above: As 
i'ale Kreider supervises from above, the crew lifts trusses for 
we new fellowship room. 

owing the lawn, already had killed 
veral water moccasins that morning, 
le youth also informed us that the 
jiretaker had not expected us for another 
'eek and the camp was not clean. 
I watched as the three youth who had 
welled with me retreated to the van 
d snarled in my direction as they 
iwled into the backseat. One said 
mething like, "This was your hrii>ht 

idea. We hold you personally respon- 
sible." Another added, "Wake me up 
when this is over." 

I closed my eyes for a moment, but 
visions of the white sandy shores of 
Myrtle Beach, S.C. were too depressing. 
I thought of all the "normal" youth 
leaders in the Carolinas who take their 
kids to theme parks and beaches. 

The eternal optimist, 1 adopted a 

philosophy of "Fake it till you make it!" 
and prodded the kids out of the van to 
come along and check out their lodging. 
I remarked how "quaint" and "rustic" I 
found the surroundings. The youth, in 
their straight-shooting, honest way 
reminded me we were in the middle of 
nowhere, facing "primitive living 
conditions" at best. After tasting the 
sulphur-tainted water supply and 

June 1993 Messeneerl? 

carrying a mattress down to my place on 
the floor of the main lodge, I found it a 
bit more difficult to fake my smile. 

Following the initial shock of the 
li\ing conditions came the sweat and 
tears of the workcamp experience itself. 
Rising at 5:45 each morning, we began 
the day with a quick breakfast and 
devotions. We then drove from the 
campsite into Broken Bow, 45 minutes 
one way. Suffering the southeastern 
Oklahoma humidity and scorching 
temperature, we worked until 4 p.m. 
each day. At quitting time we loaded up 
the vans and headed into town to shower 
in the locker rooms of a high school gym 
before returning to camp. 

Our main project was to build a 20 by 
40-foot multi-purpose room onto a small 
Choctaw Presbyterian church. Divided 
into work teams, we also took on the 
projects of reroofing the existing 
sanctuary . painting the exterior of the 
church, building a ramp for the elderly 
and handicapped, cleaning the grounds, 
making a new church sign, and scraping 
and repainting the old fellowship 
building, to be used for storage. 

TTie evenings were filled with worship, 
play, and meals with our Native Ameri- 
can hosts. One evening, their youth 
council demonstrated and taught us some 
Choctaw dances. The "Walk Dance," a 
slow, mournful movement, honors the 
Choctaws who died in the 1830s on the 
journey from the East to Mississippi. 

1 8 Messenger June 1 993 

Exposed to the elements, a fourth of the 
Choctaw nation died. The Choctaws at 
Broken Bow also remember those lost as 
they were later driven away from 
Mississippi to Oklahoma. 

Always the last number of the evening, 
the "Walk Dance" is performed facing 
east in single file, talking one slow step 
at a time in cadence with the Choctaw 
chant "I'm going, I'm going, I'm going 
now." As we joined in the somber 
"Walk Dance" that Wednesday evening, 
and the southeastern sun set in the 
west, I thanked God I hadn't opted for 
Myrtle Beach. 


I oontime meals were a real treat as 
women from McGee Chapel church 
prepared feasts of chicken and dump- 
lings, pork and hominy, chili, fresh 
watermelon, and the likes each day. 
During lunchtimes we sat and talked 
with the adults of the congregation. A 
few of the older women did beadwork, 
almost a lost art among the Choctaw. 
They brought some beadwork to sell 
one day. The visiting Brethren youth 
enjoyed that shopping time more than a 
trip to a mall. 

During one lunch, I made friends with 
James John, a retired truckdriver. He 
told me his Choctaw name had been 
Ta-nup Stambee, which means "kills 
with a gun." The name had been "too 
heavy to carry," and he had changed it 

Acy McKinney, a 
Choctaw woman, 
demonstrated her 
skill in beadwork 
for the Brethren 
youth. Beadwork is 
almost a lost art 
among the Choctaw 

to James John during his young adult 
years. He had chosen two disciples' 
names, I noted. 

James told me his concern that the 
young Choctaws were not learning the 
Choctaw language, traditions, or crafts. 
He feared the Choctaw nation was losing 
touch with its heritage. I countered with 
similar concerns that we have in the 
foothills of the Blue Ridge mountains of 
the Carolinas. I told James that I had not 
learned to make bread, butter, and jams. 
Nor could I quilt as my grandmothers 
had done before me. We agreed that 
young and old are pretty much the same 
the world over. 

On Saturday, the youth said goodbye 
to their new friends and stood in awe at 
what they had accomplished in one 
week. We regretted that we had not 
completed our work on the new addition 

We had, however, helped prepare 
some of the Choctaw youth and adults, 
who had worked alongside us all week, 
to complete the project. Somehow, I felt 
it was better that way. 

It had been a different summer 
vacation. We returned home with blister 
and carpenter tans that would soon heal 
and fade. Our hammers, which had beer 
used to "hammer out love" between us 
Brethren and our Choctaw brothers and 
sisters, would be the lasting mementos o 
the Broken Bow experience. 

To Brethren youth and their leaders 
who have a choice this summer among i 
theme park, a beach retreat, or a work- 
camp, my prayer is that they will have 
the "courage to make a differ- 
ence" and choose a hammer. 


Phyllis H. Grain is a member of Mill Creek 
Church of the Brethren, near Tryon, N.C. She is 
conrdinator of instruction for a school district in 
Spartanhuri^. N.C. 

The prodigal 
son stays 

by Kenneth L. Gibble 

Mixed Reviews critiques hooks, films, 
and oilier products of the entertain- 
ment media that speak to Brethren 
living out their faith. The reviews are 
not to be taken as N4ESSENGER'i 
endorsement, necessarily. Rather, we 
present them as helpful information 
for readers who encounter the 
subjects they treat. 


"Come on. let's get outta 
here. This movie stinks." 
That was the terse review the 
man sitting in front of us at 
the movie theater gave to "A 
River Runs Through It." He 
and his female companion 
had seen only 45 minutes of 
this film, which one critic 
has described as "sprung 
from the pages of an old 
Saturday Evening Post." 

Maybe that was what made 
our fellow theater patron so 
unhappy. These days, 
moviegoers expect to see 
plenty of fast action, graphic 
violence, and steamy sex, 
with the faces of big-name 
stars lighting up the screen. 
"A River Runs Through It" 
is a welcome (welcome to 
me, anyway) departure from 
this formula. No famous 
actors here, although Robert 
Redford. who produced the 
movie, narrates the story. 
And. wonder of wonders, no 

The action (there is action, 
though it moves at an 
appropriately sedate pace) 
takes place in the early 
decades of this century. 
Norman and Paul are 
brothers in the Montana 
home of a Presbyterian 
minister and his wife. The 
early part of the movie tells 
about the youthful adventures 
of the boys and the love of 
fly-fishing they learn from 
their father. 

My own fishing experience 
as a boy was limited to a few 
unsuccessful outings on 
Little Chickies Creek, which 
ran behind our house, 
including one outing during 
which I accidentally fell into 
the water, a pre-baptismal 
immersion of considerable 
embarrassment. So, while the 
nuances of fly-fishing are 
beyond my grasp, that sport 
serves as a strong unifying 
theme in this movie. As time 
and circumstances pull 
Norman and Paul apart from 
each other and from their 
father, they still can come 
together on their fishing 
expeditions on Blackfoot 
River. The photography of 
the river scenes is reason 
enough to see this movie. 

There are humorous 
moments in the film, but the 
overall mood is somber. 
Despite the admiration the 
boys have for their parents, 
the religious faith that 
sustains the pastor and his 
wife does not get passed on 
to the boys. The river seems 
a more substantial reality for 
both sons than does the 
Christianity their father 
expounds from the pulpit. 

The story can be seen as a 
twist on the parable of the 
prodigal son. Paul, the 
younger of the sons, is the 
one who stays home but turns 
out to be the prodigal. The 
last part of the movie tells 

how he, his brother, and 
their parents handle the 
difficult events of the last 
summer they spend together 
as a family. 

I recommend "A River 
Runs Through It" especially 
for people who think movies 
these days are mostly trash. 
There is some strong 
language in the movie, not 
the kind one might expect to 
hear in a film about a 
minister's family (though 
I've heard rumors that even 
some minister's families. . .). 

For me, the most memo- 
rable scene comes early, 
when 6-year-old Paul refuses 
to eat his oatmeal. His father 
tells him that the meal- 
ending grace will not be said 
until the oatmeal is gone. 
The family leaves the room, 
while Paul and the bowl of 
untouched oatmeal remain 
at the table. Finally, after the 
clock on the wall has ticked 
away for a long time, the 
family returns to the table. 
They sit down quietly, and 
the father says one word. 
It's a word that prodigal 
sons and daughters every- 
where still need to hear. It's 
a word I will always associ- 
ate with "A River Runs 
Through It." 


Kenneth L. Gibble is co-pastor of 
Arlington (V'a.) Church of the 
Brethren, and promotion consultant 
for Messenger. 

June 1993 Messenger 19 


by Doug Trouten 

Have you heard the one about Madalyn 
Murray O'Hair trying to ban religious 
broadcasting? Millions have, and 
though there's no truth to the rumor, 
that hasn't kept protest from clogging up 
the Federal Communications 
Commission's (FCC) office. 

You've probably been exposed to this 
hoax through its most common form — a 
photocopied petition, warning that 
"Madalyn Murray O'Hair. an atheist, 
whose efforts successfully eliminated the 
use of Bible reading and prayer from all 
public schools, has been granted a 
federal hearing in Washington D.C. . . . 
The petition. RH 2493. would ultimately 
pave the w ay to stop the reading of the 
gosfiel on the airw aves of America. . . . 
Madalyn is also campaigning to 
remo\e all Christmas programs. Christ- 
mas songs, and Christmas carols from 
public schools." 

This often-photocopied form says that 
one million signed petitions are needed. 
and that "This should defeat Mrs. O'Hair 
and show that there are many Christians 
alive and well and concerned in our 
countrv." Readers are urged to sign and 
mail an attached form to the FCC and to 
make 10 copies of the flier to give to 
friends and relatives. 

TTie hoax has generated enough 
response that the FCC has "religious 
petitions" as one of the options you can 
select with your touch-tone phone when 
calling the agency's computerized 
switchboard. That triggers a recorded 
message declaring that the "rumors are 
absolutely false," and that "over the 
past 15 years this agency has received 
over 30 million pieces of mail on 
this subject." 

FCC spokeswoman Maureen Peratino 
says that despite repeated efforts to kill 

20 Messenger June 1 993 

the FCC, 
and the 



the rumor, it remains alive and well. Not 
only is there not a petition to ban 
religious broadcasting, but no petition 
would have a chance of succeeding, says 
Peratino. "There's nothing under the 
First Amendment or in the Communica- 
tions Act that would allow the Commis- 
sion to ban any particular type of 

The rumor won"! die 

Still, the mail is likely to continue, 
according to Jan Harold Brunvand. a 
professor of English at the University of 
Utah and a leading US folklorist. 
Brunvand. author of The Vanishing 
Hitchhiker and other collections of urban 
legends, says. "I don't think it's going to 
die out or ever be debunked successfully. 
No matter how hard we try to debunk it. 
there will be people who haven't seen it 
and will help spread the rumor the next 
time around. These things are photocop- 
ied and can lie around in somebody's 
drawer for years and then be brought out 
again and posted on a bulletin board. 
The fact that it has a coupon and address 
makes it seem real." 

Once upon a time, there really was an 
FCC petition #2493. Presented to the 
FCC in December 1974. the petition 
asked the FCC temporarily to freeze the 
awarding of TV and FM channels to 
religious and government institutions 
while it studied whether existing non- 
commercial stations were fulfilling their 
obligations to broadcast truly educational 
programming. The petition was denied 
nine months later. 

They're everywhere 

The FCC petition hoax is perhaps the 
best known of a number of rumors that 
have taken root in the Christian commu- 
nity. There are other Christian legends, 
none of which can be substantiated: 

• The president of Proctor and Gamble 
is falsely alleged to have appeared on 
Phil Donahue's talk show and admitted 
that his company gives its profits to the 
Church of Satan and that its familiar 
moon and star logo is a satanic symbol. 
Variations have had the president of 
McDonald's appearing on "The Tonight 
Show" and Liz Claiborne appearing on 
"Oprah" to make similar admissions 
about their corporate ties to satanism. 

• NASA scientists are reported to haw 
been puzzled while calculating the 
historical orbits of the planets because o 
a "missing day." In this legend their 
dilemma was resolved when a Christian 
member of the team showed them 
passages in the Bible where God 
stopped the sun for Joshua. The stop- 
pages, we're told, exactly equaled the 
unaccounted for missing time that had 
stumped the scientists. This rumor 
persists despite NASA's denials, and 
despite the scientific impossibility of a 
missing day — a finding that would 
presuppose a precisely known starting 
point for the universe. 

• The Christian version of the vanish 
ing hitchhiker story has a person, often 
pastor, stopping to pick up a hitchhikei | 
who delivers a prophetic warning (ofte: 
of Christ's imminent return), then 
vanishes. The hitchhiker is often 
assumed to be an angel or Jesus Christ: 
This story recently turned up in Austra 
and New Zealand. 

• Amsterdam and Brussels are popui 
locations for a rumored supercomputeil 
that the anti-Christ will use to usher in 

his one world government. The com- 
puter, said to be nicknamed "The Beast" 
by its operators, will contain information 
about every person on earth. Some 
versions of the story have 666 as the code 
Command that activates the computer's 
Dlan for world domination. 
! • Scientists in Russia are alleged to 
lave drilled a hole straight to hell. In 
ihis story, scientists on an oil drilling 
'jlatform in the North Sea, drilling the 
leepest hole ever, stopped when they 
leard human screams of anguish and 
imelled sulphur, leading them to 
'onclude that they had drilled right into 
jiell. This supermarket tabloid story was 
jeported as truth by the Trinity Broad- 

asting Network (TBN). A bogus 
iinglish-language translation of a non- 

xistent Norwegian newspaper account 
jif the incident was sent to TBN as a 
'oax by someone who wanted to see if 

ie network would bother to check its 

ources: TBN didn't check. 

Why do we believe? 

In September 1989, Bob Passantino 
elivered a paper at the Evangelical 
linistries to New Religions Conference 
ii Rockford, 111., that touched on the 
jhristian community's susceptibility to 
mciful stories such as the FCC petition 
Dax. Passantino listed several reasons 
paxes can take root: 

• They fit into our world view. The 
ct that something is possible doesn't 
ean that it is true, and the fact that 
limething exists doesn't mean that every 
port we receive of it must be true. 

• We accept what we're told. It's not 
at we don't want to be critical, but we 
m't always have time to check every- 
ing we're told. We forget that finding 
meone willing to tell us what to think 
out a certain situation is not the same 

as finding the right person to tell us what 
can be verified. 

• We base our knowledge on common 
sense. Often, common sense parallels the 
truth — that is, what we commonly think 
makes sense. It may even correspond to 
the truth, but common sense is not a 
trustworthy method to find the truth. 

• We place too much faith in "ex- 
perts." We seem to think that truth gets 
truer if someone important says it, even 
if that important person has no particular 
knowledge of that field. Believing an 
expert without appropriate authority and 

'As Christians, 

we ' re kind of taught 

that to use our minds 

is to be anti-spiritual, 

because we're not 
depending on faith . ' 

without corroborating evidence is not a 
trustworthy way to discern the truth. 

• We believe what makes us feel 

Larry Eskridge, a staff member of the 
Institute for the Study of American 
Evangelicals at Wheaton (111.) College, 
agrees with Passantino's analysis of why 
rumors such as the FCC petition hoax 
catch on. "With evangelicals, they're 
told to you by someone that you trust — a 
member of your church or a neighbor — 
and they tell you a story that sounds 
plausible, and you wouldn't think they're 
lying to you. They're probably not: 
they're just passing on what they've 
heard. The thing just gets passed on and 
on until it's accepted as fact." 

Though the Christian community has 
its share of rumors and hoaxes, it's not 

alone in falling for hoaxes. "It's not only 
modem Christianity. It's basically 
modem America in general," says 
Passantino. "We're not very critical." 
The Christian community may have 
some special susceptibility to rumors and 
hoaxes, Passantino adds. "As Christians, 
we're kind of taught that to use our 
minds is to be anti-spiritual, because 
we're not depending on faith — that it's 
not faith if you have a reason to believe 
something. I think we're susceptible in 
some ways, but I don't think we should 
be, as Christians. We should he the ones 
who aren't, because we worship a God 
who is truth. We should not fall for these 
things, but we should check these things 
out and know what's right and wrong." 

How do we know? 

Passantino offers several tips for 
identifying false legends, "Be extra 
cautious if the story fits any of the 
following characteristics," he wams. 

• There's no evidence to back it up. 
Sometimes there is no evidence because 
of the very nature of the story. That 
doesn't mean such a story can't be true; 
it just means that it's not a story that can 
be considered trustworthy research. At 
most it's an illustration or example. 

• It's so detailed or bizarre that we 
can't believe that someone could make 
it up. 

• Its strong commendation is that it 
ought to be true. Be careful that you are 
not persuaded to believe a particular 
story simply because you wish it to be 
true. This can be a strong temptation, hut 
don't give in to it. God won't excuse us 
for supporting made-up stories 
because they serve a u.seful 

Doiiii Trouli'ii IS cJilor of Eviini^t'tual Press 
News Service. 


June 1W3 ^1es^enaer 21 

But they're terrorists! 

by Jean Bucher Are 

"How are things over there?" our 
friend asked. 

We had just returned from our trip to 
Israel and were eager to talk. 

"The situation is critical." I answered. 
"The Palestinians are very discouraged." 

She must have been surprised by the 
empathy in my voice. 

"But they're terrorists!" she said 
quickly and with emotion. "They're the 
ones who hijacked the plane I" 

Her rapid response startled me. I 
didn't have a ready reply. I mumbled. 
"Well, we did meet many intelligent, 
peaceful, gentle Palestinians." But. 
somehow that wasn't enough. 

Now. the question haunts me. How can 
I help make a difference in the common 
attitude that many Americans share 
concerning the people called Palestin- 
ians? How can I help erase the labels that 
have been stamped on all the Palestin- 
ians because of the acts of a few? And. 
how can I explain that those infamous 
acts of violence most likely grew out of 
the frustrations of a nation unnoticed and 
not considered? 

.A peacemaking seminar that my 
husband and I attended enabled us to 
study the Israeli/Palestinian issue in the 
place where it is being acted out. We met 
with leaders of the three monotheistic 
faiths of the area — Judaism. Islam, and 
Christianity. We talked with many 
rabbis holding differing views. We met 
with a Muslim sheik. Episcopal and 
Catholic priests, and an Armenian 
patriarch. We visited a kibbutz and the 
homes of Israeli citizens, as well as 
offices, homes, and hospital rooms of 
Palestinians. We were given an audience 
with the consul general at the American 
consulate in West Jerusalem and with 
residents in Jabalia and Beach refugee 
camps in Gaza. 

We came away from those two intense 

22 Messenger June 1993 

weeks of visiting sites and of hearing 
three or four lectures a day with our 
heads swimming — swimming with 
theologies, philosophies, political 
ideologies, statistics, stories, and images 
of events, places, and people. 

We came away with heavy hearts and 
with the belief that peace is possible only 
if justice for the Palestinians comes first. 

We also came away with a clearer 
understanding of the people of the land, 
both the Israelis and the Palestinians. 

Most Americans hold Israelis in 
high esteem. We have seen them as 
industrious, courageous, intelligent 
immigrants who have worked hard to 
develop the land. 


he Israelis whom we met that July 
expressed a wide variety of religious 
dedication, traditions, lifestyles, and 
political views. We met with a religious 
Zionist who believes that Jewish people 
must inhabit every inch of Israel in order 
to purify the land. And, we met with 
leaders of the Israeli peace movement 
who are crying out to their government 
to withdraw from all occupied territory 
and to grant the Palestinians their own 
state. We saw Israeli children with 
knapsacks on their backs and we saw 
Israelis with guns — soldiers, settlers, and 
even a rabbi, all carrying guns. 

Israelis are not all the same. And 
neither are Palestinians. 

Shimira helps direct the Ahli Arab 
Hospital in Gaza. She spoke in a gentle 
voice as she explained the problems 
a hospital faces in the Occupied Terri- 
tor>' — too few supplies, too many 
obstacles and needs. Later she gave us a 
tour of the hospital and proudly intro- 
duced her staff to us. She smiled and 
spoke to each parent and child in the 
children's ward. She has served there, 
under difficult conditions, for 19 years. 

Mohammed greeted us with the 

traditional "You are welcome." and 
ushered us into his home. "No pictures 
outside, please." he asked. "The village 
people are frightened." 

After his children served coffee and 
tea. he talked to us about the problems 
his village faces. As a civil engineer, he 
understands the need for more water 
access and the threat that the encroach- 
ing Israeli settlements bring to the 
village's survival. Surrounded on three 
sides by new settlements, he and his 
neighbors are under pressure to leave. 

I told him that we wouldn't forget him 
and that we would tell his story. He 
thanked me. 

Father Elias Chacour is a Greek 
Catholic priest, founder of Prophet Elias 
School, and a respected author. He 
graciously invited us into his living room 
on a Sunday morning and sat to talk witf 
us for the hour before worship. 

He is a peaceful man. He talked to us 
of the longing for peace and for freedom 
for his people. He wondered why the 
world only notices the cries of the 
Palestinians when there is violence. 

We worshiped with him in a small 
temporary sanctuary surrounded by 
the men. women, and children of the 
village. The old woman next to me 
smiled and her eyes invited me to join 
her in communion. 

A serious young woman sat at the heai 
of the table in a small second-floor office 
in Ramallah. The room was hot and 
crowded. Eighteen of us sat shoulder 
to shoulder. 

She told us about the work of Al-Haq, 
a human rights organization for Palestir 
ian people. It was hard for her. She 
pau.sed at times to hold back tears. 

She explained in detail the project of 
family reunification that is so vital now. 
She seemed pleased when we asked for 
materials and offered to help. But, she 
didn't smile easily. 

Eight men joined us for a meeting in 

eit Sahour, the village where Palestin- 
ins are voicing a nonviolent protest 
gainst the occupation through withhold- 
ig taxes. They sat with us and told the 
cry of their village. Among the men 
ere a botanist, a pharmacist, a high 
I^hool principal, and a university 
ofessor. Most of them had been in 
ison, some tortured, all humiliated. 
iiJiWe listened to their words, spoken 

softly and articulately. As they talked, I 
looked out the window to a nearby hill 
that overlooks Beit Sahour and neighbor- 
ing Bethlehem. They told us that the 
land has been seized by the Israeli 
government, and the hill would soon 
become a new settlement. 

A teenage girl sat at a cloth-strewn 
table with a dozen other girls. Most were 
dressed in traditional Muslim fashion. 

She shyly nodded her head to me when 1 
motioned to my camera, and she tried 
out her English when I came closer. 
"What is your name?" she asked me. 

1 admired her needlework and 
complimented her. She smiled and 
showed me her best stitches. She is a 
student there at the family center run by 
the Near East Council of Churches in 
Gaza. She lives in a refugee camp. 

Haider Abdel-Shafi, chairman of the 
Red Crescent Society, met with us in 
Gaza. Earlier that spring, he had been in 
the delegation of Palestinians who met 
with then US Secretary of State James 
Baker. In a gentle and professional 
manner, he presented his position on the 
need for peace. 

"Our quest is a quest for peace," he 
said. "We Palestinians are most needful 
of peace." 

Later, as we said our farewells, he 
paused to thank us for caring enough to 
come to Gaza. "Our hope is in people 
such as you," he said. "Our hope is that 
the United States" conscience will 
become alive to the catastrophic dangers 
here." I thanked him and was pleased to 
shake his hand. 

When Americans are able to see both 
Israelis and Palestinians as peoples with 
legitimate fears, concerns, needs, 
strengths, and weaknesses, then we will 
be better able to offer sympathy and 
support to both. 

I fantasize about my earlier conversa- 
tion with my friend. I would repeat, "The 
situation is critical." Then 1 would add, 
"The Palestinians are afraid. They see 
what land they have left disappearing 
before their eyes. They want to stay in 
their homeland and they want to have 
the right to .self determination. They 
want to be free from occupation." 

"How can 1 help?" our friend 
would ask. 


Jean Bmher Are grew up in the Church of ihe 
Brethren. She lives in Lancaster. Pa. 

June 1993 Messenger 23 


I'm a youth advocate 

Occasionall\ 1 am disappointed by our 
youth, but I continue to be an ad\ ocate 
for them. They should be gi\ en a chance 
to show their witness. 

.At last year's .Annual Conference 1 
confronted some non-Brethren anti-Bible 
demonstrators outside the con\ention 
center. 1 w as overw helmed b\ their tricky 
questions, but two Noung Brethren men 
joined me who impressed me with their 
Bible knowledge and boldness in 
answering the demonstrators. 

Recently, while I was traveling with 
three of my students, one of them. non- 
Brethren, challenged our stance on 
capital punishment and our peace stance. 
Clearly she interpreted the Scriptures 
differently. Another student. Brethren, 
whom I had not considered a very active 
member, spoke up and demonstrated that 
she not only supported our stance on 
peace and nonviolence, but was strong in 
her beliefs. 

So 1 encourage congregations to 

actively involve their youth in the 
ministry of the whole church. 

June M. Wood 
Boones Mill. \'a. 

Take the next step 

1 commend general secretary Donald 
Miller and General Board chairman 
David Wine for the letter they sent the 
governor of Colorado about Amendment 
2. (See March, page 10.) 

Denominational leaders should take 
the next step — "walk the walk" as well as 
"talk the talk": Move the site of the 1994 
National Youth Conference (NYC) from 

It would demonstrate our commitment 
to the inclusivity of the body of Christ 
not only to Colorado, but also to church 
members, society, and. most importantly 
to our own gay, lesbian, and bisexual 
youth attending NYC. 

Let's not give them the message that 
their civil rights are not important. And 

SETMAMY '^t^^ 
i^E^IHART i . 

"We aie not just leading 
words in books; 

we are trying to live them 
out in our lives." 

—Tim Binkley, MDiv student 

Bethany Theological Seminary serves the ministry 
training need of the church with MDiv, MATh, and 
certificate programs. For information call us at 
(708) 620-2204. 

'^1 Bethany Theological Seminary 

,^ Graduate School of Theology of the Church of the Brethren 
V Bulterileld & Meyers Rds.. Oak Brook, IL 60521 

let's not pretend that such youth don't 
exist in the Church of the Brethren. 

Phyllis Bun 
Berkeley. Calif 

Upset by moderator's words 

1 can't understand how a law-breaker 
and biblically uneducated person ever goi 
to be Annual Conference moderator. (Set 
February, page 15. bottom of center 
column, for moderator Chuck Boxer's 
statement "I personally am ready to 
accept gay. lesbian, and bisexual people 
into positions of leadership in the 
church." which has generated the 
largest number of letters to the editor on 
a single subject since MESSENGER ran a 
photograph of Martin Luther King Jr. or, 
the cover of the April 25. 1968. issue 
and editorialized on his assassination. — 

I refer you to 1 Corinthians 6:9-10.13 
Homosexuals must repent of their 
sinful way before they even are taken 
into the church. The Holy Spirit will notj 
dwell in sinful people. j 

Clark S. Wisman Si) 
Grottoes. Vc, 

• The February article on moderator 
Chuck Boyer gives a good indication of 
where the Church of the Brethren is: No 
conviction except peace. 

1 Corinthians 6:9-10 says that homo- 
sexuals will not inherit the kingdom of 
God. But our leadership seems unable tc 
affirm this sinful choice of behavior 
strongly enough. 

Randy L. Schroi 
Westover. M 

• Chuck Boyer's statement has 
disqualified him for leadership in a bod; 
that takes the New Testament as its 

Ralph McFadden (April, page 27), 
Donald Miller, and David Wine (Marcl 
page 10) display ignorance and lack of ii 
discernment, misrepresenting Colorado): 
Amendment 2. | 

No wonder we are in such disarray. 
TTiese three are analogous to the false 
prophets of Ezekiel 13. , 

Brian D. Arhuci\ 
Goshen, I A 

24 Messenger June 1993 

Affirming the moderator 

Responding to the April letters by 
Kathleen D. Barkley and Leroy Benna, 
;o say that one who believes in giving 
3ne"s Christian love and support to gays 
;s "spiritually sick"" or a "servant of 
Satan'" is indeed cruel and judgmental. 

For those who use isolated scriptures 
bash gays. I point out that there also 
ire scriptures that condone slavery and 
reating women as chattel. 

I ask those who say that gays choose 
lomosexuality as a lifestyle, "When did 
•oil choose to be a heterosexual?"" 
[ Chuck Boyer is a gentle, devoted 
Christian who serves only the agenda 
;mbodied in Jesus' teachings. 

Chalk's W. Baker 
Modesto. Calif. 

• It concerns us that Kathleen D. 
iarkley and Leroy Benna (April letters) 
re possibly in positions to teach others 
vhat we consider to be the actual 
Opposite of Jesus' teachings. 
\ As followers of Jesus and as members 
In leadership positions) in Dundalk 
'hurch of the Brethren, we have "no 
feed but Christ," and we can find no 
caching from Jesus condemning 
omosexuals or homosexuality. What we 
p find is love, tenderness, and accep- 
'ince from Jesus, who expects no less 
cm us. 

' If we spend our time loving others, 
iiere is no time or need to condemn. 

Theresa Ruppert 

Barbara Peii/iell 

Bahimore. Mel. 

!• Homosexuality is not a choice. Do 

lose who condemn gays also condemn 
ople bom without arms, or with skin a 

fferent color from someone else? 
It is the hatred and abuse of a preju- 

,;ed society that causes some gays to 
come anti-social. 
■ Homosexual brothers and sisters in the 

I urch still love those who condemn 
;i;m and are still doing good things for 

' r congregations and communities, 

I spite the abuse directed at them. They 
; i; praying for those who condemn them 

Id who take away their privileges. 
i«t| Shirley D Hamilton 

'I Conifer. Colo. 

• God bless Chuck Boyer for his 
courage in supporting lesbians and gays 
in the church. We lesbians and gays 
always have been involved in the church, 
not only as members but in leadership uf 
all levels. We are finally identifying 
ourselves and are tired of hiding. 

The Church of the Brethren must 
stand up for what is justice and for what 
is right for all its members. Also, we 
must send a messaae to all that we are an 

Take Hold of Your Future 

iiuliisive church, not an exclusive one. 

Beverly Bruhaker 
Camden. Ohio 

• I agree with Chuck Boyer that 
Christians of homosexual orientation are 
a part of the body of Christ. The gifts of 
all our members are desperately needed 
in this time of global, national, commu- 
nity, familial, and personal chaos. 

.Someday we surely will be as mortified 

One Step at a Time. 

McPherson College 

McPherson, Kansas 67460 • (316) 241-0731 

Juhn HultT, Jr.. ajuiiior al McPIktswi ("ollt'g<- fnun Ovrrlirook. Kan., poses with his mother. Litida. atid father. 
John Hulee, Sr. 

"We have been rerv pleased with the .■staff, teachers, and every aspect of McPherson college. 
It is a great college for your student to attend. 

-John Sr. and Linda Hulce 
Washington Creek Church of the Brelhern. Lawerence KS 

Scholar.ships/Gran ts: * 

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Brethren Volunteer Service Grants — Up to $500 per year 

Children of Alumni Grants — Up to $500 per rear 

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Dependents of Persons in Church Professions — Up to $1,000 per year 

* Awards are 
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June 194.^ Messenaer 25 


over the vicious, wicked things we have 
said about our homosexual brothers and 
sisters as we now are about the ignorant, 
bigoted things we have said and written 
about people of African, Hispanic, and 
Jewish ancestn.. 

Sandra Eisenhisf Simmons 
Elizabelhkmn. Pa. 

• We appreciate Chuck Boyer's refusal 
to be "politically correct" by parroting a 
"fundamentalist" ideology of human 
sexuality. When somone "fag-bashes" 
another, we must speak up for those 
being abused. We hope and pray that our 
denomination learns that biblical justice 
applies to all people, not just a few. 

John Philip Carter 

Jean Keith 

Lowell Layman 

Chicai>o. III. 

• I know many homosexuals whom I 
consider to be my brothers and sisters in 
Christ. I have seen and felt their pain. I 
have felt their disappointment in me . . . 
as I try to be "right." 

Is some "sin" greater than other 
"sins"? As a heterosexual who is 120 
pounds overweight and who struggles 
with gluttony, does my sin disqualify me 
from ministry? Am I willing to seek 
forgiveness and to change? Not yet. 
So. where do we draw the lines? 

David McKellip 
Moreno \'alley. Calif. 

• Concerning the recent barrage of 
accusations against those who want to be 
open to gays and lesbians. I express my 
gratitude for the leadership of our 
moderator. Chuck Boyer, especially for 
his appreciation of diversity in the 
Church of the Brethren. 

Ingrid Rogers 
North Manchester. Ind. 

• To those who call for moderator 
Chuck Boyer to step down. I ask. "Are 
we not members of a denomination bom 
out of a deep conviction that there should 
be no force in religion, that we are called 
by Christ to live at peace with all people, 
that we find our unity not in monolithic 
doctrines but in Jesus Christ'^ Is that not 

26 Messenger June 1993 

the brotherhood and sisterhood to which 
we belong?" 

When some people told Jesus to 
silence his disciples, he identified the 
stones as witnesses. I. not as a stone, but 
as a brother in Christ to our moderator, 
cry out for ears that hear and eyes that 
see. No one is perfect but God alone. We 
are called to witness to God in Christ, 
not to claim the judgment that belongs to 
God alone. 

Our Conference theme calls us to be 
sisters and brothers to the world "Pro- 
claiming God's Peace." Can we also do 
that inside the church as, in our diver- 
sity, we seek the unity of Christ? 

Howard Miller 
Westminster. Md. 

• Is homosexuality a "sin"? What 
about pride, covetousness, lust, anger, 
gluttony, envy, and sloth? I have been 
guilty of all those at one time or another. 
Yet. I have never been refused member- 
ship in any church, nor prohibited from 
being as active as 1 care to be. 

""Do not judge, so that you may not be 
judged'" (Matt. 7:1 ) is a good scripture 
verse to consider. 

Moderator Chuck Boyer should be 
supported in his exhausting job, not 
castigated for accepting all of God's 
children. And as for ".serving Satan." no 
doubt Satan is delighted with bigotry in 
any form. 

Mildred E. Caffman 
Upland. Calif 

• As people criticize Chuck Boyer for 
his openness to gays, lesbians, and 
bisexuals. I am reminded to turn to 
Matthew 5:10-12. In fact, as I reread 
each of the Beatitudes. I can't think of 
anyone who fits them better than our 

Like other prophets, it is his faithful- 
ness and integrity that get him into 
trouble. But not all prophets have 
Chuck's quiet, gentle spirit. 

I hope that those who are upset with 
the moderator will follow Jesus' admoni- 
tion in Matthew 18 and speak to Chuck 
rather than about him. 

Boh Gross 
North Manchester. Ind. 

• I praise God for the leadership of 
Chuck Boyer. I admire his willingness to 
speak the truth. He is indeed a healer. 
Where are the others who will stand with 
him as he calls for the full empowerment 
of gays and lesbians? 

For all of us, not just gays and lesbi- 
ans. Chuck Boyer offers hope. 

Joseph S. Lefever 
Manheim, Pa. 

• Christ said nothing about homosexu- 
ality, but lots about justice. Formerly, we 
hotly debated the biblical "unnatural- 
ness" of ordaining women and carpeting 
our churches. 

We differ. But someday we will 
recognize that homosexuality simply 
exists and that our true discipleship is to 
love, care for, and accept God's diverse 

Brian Harlei 
State College, Pa 

Timely history lesson 

As Standing Committee prepares to 
consider considering a name-change for 
the denomination, we all might profit 
from this account of the 1904 Annual 
Meeting, in Carthage, Mo., from Earl 
Har\'ey's history. The Church of the 
Brethren in the Southern Missouri and 
Arkan.'ias District: 

"An item discussed with enthusiasm 
was the changing of the early name of 
our denomination. 'German Baptist 
Brethren,' to some other name. There 
was plenty of sentiment in favor of 
changing the name, but what the name 
should be was a very unsettled question. 
A minority did not favor a change. 
Brother Lewis W. Teeter, of Indiana, 
insisted on the name 'New Testament 
Church' as being appropriate. A lady 
speaker far back in the audience believe 
that whatever the name chosen, it shoul 
include the holy name Jesus called us — 
'Brethren.' After being carried on for a 
time, in 1908 the name chosen was 
'Church of the Brethren.' " 

That "lady speaker" obviously felt 
included in the name "Brethren." 

Dorothy Whitene\ 
Sarco.xie, M 

On Bible, budget, bigotry 

Galen L. Miller 

Let's love, not 
hurt each other 

Our deeply held beliefs and convictions 
are the engines that power our lives. 
Good or bad, politically correct or 
incorrect, they determine our attitudes 
and actions . . . and the nature of our 
Telationships. The mischief arises when 
we use those beliefs and convictions to 
hurt others. When that happens we 
Ibecome demonic. 
I Two cases in point are the 1978 

'lonestown mass suicide, and the 1993 


[Branch Davidian fire deaths in Waco, 
Texas. These are extreme cases, but 
jefore we write them off as aberrations 
Sr isolated instances, we should recall 
low often the institutional church, 
following its own beliefs and convic- 
'ions, has been hurtful to people. 

We don't need to list the offenses here. 
Church history books are full of them, 
iven our beloved Church of the Brethren 
las had a hand in hurting its own — and 
Jthers — all in the name of beliefs and 
onvictions. So it behooves us pots not to 
le calling the kettles black. 
, As my hair has gotten grayer, I have 
ecome more convinced than ever that 
Ve are witnessing the beginning of the 
nd of the Christian era. At long last, the 
istitutional church is beginning to 
|;alize that the dogmas, doctrines, 
• lommittees, buildings, theologies, and 
' 'ther bricks that have formed the 
Tucture of our traditional religious 
ystem are no longer relevant, if they 
Ver really were. 

' ImlJ III respect ami fellowship those in the 
'inch with whom we ai^ree or disagree is u 
nracterislic of the Church of the Brethren. It is to 
c continuation of this value, and to an open and 
ohini; forum, that "Opinions" are invited fro/n 

We do not acknowledge our receipt of obvious 
Opinions" pieces, and can print only a sampling 
what we receive. All "Opinions" are edited for 

At long last, the church seems to be on 
the verge of really understanding Jesus" 
statement that the world would recognize 
his followers by their love. In other 
words, "salvation" is not found in an 
"orthodoxy," but in the depth of our love 
for God and our sisters and brothers. 

Jesus did not come to start a new 
religion, but to reveal a way of life 
defined by agape, which is the essential 
nature of God. Unfortunately, he no 
sooner got out of sight than his disciples 
turned his revelation into a religion and 
robbed it of its life-giving power. 

Moving from the comfort of our 
current religious structures, however, to 
the freedom of life lived in agape is 
hard. We scarcely can imagine what our 
lives would be like without some of the 
structures we have leaned on for so long. 

But this life lived in agape is exactly 
what the writer of the Johannine litera- 
ture was talking about. Already, by the 
turn of the first century, he could see the 
church moving toward a religious 
institutionalism that Jesus had not 
intended. John was calling the church 
back to a focus on Jesus and his revela- 
tion of agape as the only way to real life. 


. s John intended to convey, Jesus is 
standing before us, forcing a decision 
upon us. We can either choose to follow 
Jesus and his gospel of agape, and so 
live, or we can remain entrenched where 
we are. turn away from Jesus and his 
revelation, and die. In John's tenns, we 
can choose light and life or darkness and 

1 hope we have the courage to choose 
the light. 1 wonder if we do. 

Seeing how we so easily mistreat one 
another. 1 wonder if we will choose the 
light. Judging already by the reaction to 
a statement by moderator Chuck Boyer 
in the February MESSENGER (page 15), in 
which he stated his readiness to accept 
gay, lesbian, and bisexual people into 
positions of leadership in the church. 1 
really do wonder. 

Let us pray that God will free us from 
the religious trappings that blind and 

cripple us, that we may be free to do 
what Jesus asked of us — to love one 
another the same way he loved us. 11 ^ 

Galen L Miller. Weniitchee. Wash., is a retired 
Church of the Brethren pastor and a former 
e\eciitivc of Oregon-Washington District. 

Cathy L. Neuhaiier 

Here's how to 
cook a frog 

How do you cook a frog without it being 
aware? Put it in lukewarm water; turn up 
the heat ever so slightly. The frog will be 
stewed alive and never know it. 

The Church of the Brethren is that 
frog. The lukewarm water is our compro- 
mising of the standards of God's word. 
The turning up of the heat is our 
increasing tolerance of ideologies that 
are inconsistent with God's truth. 

We say such things as "Ours is a 
loving God, accepting all of us. He 
would not send people to hell just 

because they ." You fill in the 

blank. Some would fill in the blank with 
" are homosexual, as long as they live a 
moral and upright, monogamous 
lifestyle ." Others might fill the blank 
with " choose to worship the Hindu god; 
after all, it's the same thing with another 
name. " 

Wrong! Wrong! Wrong! Whose 
opinions are these, anyway? They 
certainly are not the Word of God, and 
lii.s is the only truth or standard upon 
which all else must be judged. The Bible 
very clearly speaks of Satan and the 
wages of sin, and it is not some analogy. 
The Bible speaks of those things that are 
an abomination to the Lord. We pay 
attention, or else. 

Do not allow acceptance of any 
deviation from the truths of the Bible. 
Our holy Father is the same yesterday, 
today, and forever. 

The heat is slowly but surely being 
turned up. Will we allow the frog to be 
cooked? We must speak out now and be 
heard now. We must tell our leaders we 

June l^*)? ^1e^^en!;er27 


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will not tolerate those sins that the Lord 
did not tolerate. 

There is forgiveness for the repentant 
sinner. But the key word is repentant. No 
one comes to the Father but through 
Jesus. We have no other choice. The 
silent must speak out. The heat of 
destruction must be turned off. 


Cathy L. Neubauer, Winfield. Md.. is a member 
ofRcisrersrown-Evcrgrccn Church of the Brethren, 
Reisierstown. Md. 

Charles R. Kane 

Don't cut us 
from the budget 

The recent word of potential cutbacks in 
Church of the Brethren program because 
of budget problems (May, page 6. 32) 
leads me to write about the two most 
important things in my life — my work 
and my community. 

I graduated in 1991 from an 
Anabaptist college (Goshen), with a 
degree in anthropology and peace 
theology. I left college full of ideals to do 
the work of the kingdom in this world. I 
was about to apply for graduate school 
when I saw a flier about Brethren 
Volunteer Service (BVS) and applied. A: 
a young Christian with views differing 
from the mainstream church. I found 
again, as I had in college, that the 
Anabaptist tradition was my salvation. 

I went to Europe in BVS with a 
commitment to work for the church 
throughout my life. I have been here a 
year now. and my commitment has not 
been shaken; it is even more imbedded. . 
feel secure, knowing I am taken care of 
like the "lilies of the field." Being a 
volunteer with the church is the most 
significant thing in my life; it is a 
catalyst for all other aspects of my life. 

There are three parts of community foi 
me. One is my communion with others. 
Another is my communion with nature. . 
And the other is my communion with mi 

28 Messenger June 1993 

ideals. This last communion is commu- 
nity with Christianity, pacifism, and the 
hke. The church is intertwined with ail 
aspects of my community. 

But community is not happy faces 
shining all the time. Community is real 
questions and tough decisions. For the 
Anabaptist community, these questions 
and decisions also came in the form of 
persecution as our spiritual forebears 
tried to balance what theologian Donald 
B. Kraybill (Elizabethtown College 
professor) calls the "upside-down 
kingdom." Although we no longer are 
imprisoned for not supporting war, we 
still are dealing with the paradoxes of 
being "in this world, but not of it." 

The work our church is doing is 
extremely important. Among my college 

Study gmde 

Did you know that every month 
Messenger publishes a study 
guide to the magazine? It 
contains helpful questions to 
guide thinking and discussion, 
and suggestions on the guide's 

• Use it in Sunday school. 

• Use it in discussion groups. 

• Use it for your personal 
study of issues facing the 

• Use it as a bulletin board 
item to recruit new subscrib- 
ers to Messenger. 

Order your free mnnlhly single copy of 
Messenger Study Guide hy sending 
your name, address, and name of 
congregation to Messenger Study 
Guide. 1451 Dundee Ave.. Elgin. It 
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Messenger's arrival. 


classmates, one is working with children 
in Somalia, one is assistant editor of 
Gospel Herald, one is teaching homeless 
women in Atlanta, one is in seminary, 
and two are co-pastors of a congregation. 
All are full-time workers for the church. 

With limited options in the job world, 
if the program of the church is curtailed, 
what options would these and other 
young people have? What does an 
idealistic Christian just out of college, 
w ith loans to pay, do? Listen to the 


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June iqQ3 Messencei 29 

world, put money aw ay to pay off those 
loans while losing their youthful zeal for 
service? First and foremost, the church is 
an option for being separate from the 

The church should be expanding its 
ministr> . both in the US and around the 
world, not cutting back to save money 
because of worries about tomorrow. 

M\ work w ith B\'S is a stepping itone 
to greater work and leadership within the 
church as well as a confirming of my 
ideals of sen. ice. peace theology, and a 

praxis-oriented relationship with Jesus. I 
should hate for my project to be cut or 
for another person not to have the 
options the church has granted me. 

"For where your treasure is, there r7T~ 
your heart will be also" (Matt. 6:2 D. l*^' 

Charles R ( "Chuck" ) Kane is a BVSer sening 
wilh European Youth Forest Action, in the 
Netherlands. He got the attention of the interna- 
tional news media land the Brethren) when he 
confronted then L'S President George Bush at a 
press conference in Munich with questions about 
the environment (October 1992. page 7). 

Glaih.s E. Welch 

Let's speak out 
against bigotry 

Soon after the 1992 Rodney King trial 
and the riots that followed. I was sitting 
at the edge of a group of people who had 
met to discuss what we might do to pro- 

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This position is available beginning 

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Full-time position at McPherson. Kan., for an 
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INVITATION -Former BVSers interested in helping pro- 
mote BVS invited to attend free pre-conference workshop. 
Come, receive update on BVS in 90s. learn how to introduce 
others to this option for service. Come prepared to sing, 
brainstorm, reconnect, learn, and make new fnends. Work- 
shop June 22. 1:30-4:30 p.m. in Convention Center room 
#140. Indianapolis, Please call BVS Recruitment office at 
(800) 323-8039 for reservations. 

WELCOME TO ATLANTA— Looking for faithful Christians 
10 help spread Gods word in Atlanta. Faithful Servant 
Church of the Brethren entenng exciting phase in fellowship 

test that miscarriage of justice. A man 
standing near me suddenly began raving 
about blacks, saying there never was one 
who was worth anything, and they were 
to blame for it all. From blacks, he turn- 
ed to homosexuals: They were no good 
whatsoever. TTien he lit into Jews, with 
similar outrage and venting of spleen. 

When someone makes such outrageous 
statements, 1 usually walk away, having 
found that such people never listen if 1 
tr\ to remonstrate. But this time, 
something inside me said, "You have to 
speak up. You cannot let him get away 
with this." And 1 answered, "Yes, 1 will, 
but what on earth can 1 say?" 

I hadn't the foggiest idea what I could 
say that would get his attention and help 
me counteract his blasts. But, speak I 
must, so 1 opened my mouth and this is 
what came out: 

"I didn't choose my parents. Did you?" 

The man looked startled and shook his 

"So it is by accident of birth that I am 
white. (He was white too.) 1 didn't 
choose my gender either. By accident of 
birth, I am female. If I had been given a 
choice, 1 would have been a boy, because 


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in my day boys didn't have to do dishes. 
And I hated doing dishes." 

We both smiled. 

"And I didn't get to choose the color of 
my hair or eyes or my height, either. By 
accident of birth I have greenish eyes, 
dishwater blond hair . . . before it turned 
gray, and have always been short and 
often a bit on the heavy side. All this by 
accident of birth. If 1 had had a choice, I 
would have had black curly hair and 
brown eyes, and been tall and slender. 

"I didn't choose my ancestry. By 
accident of birth, 1 have German-Swiss 
ancestry. I get no credit or blame: it's 
Just another accident of birth. 

"And you mentioned gays and lesbi- 
ans," I went on. "You know, they are 
horn with that orientation, just as 1 was 
bom heterosexual. I am attracted to the 
opposite sex and they are are attracted to 
the same sex. It is something we are bon 
with, not something we leam after we 
are bom." 

By now the man was really looking 
closely at me and seemed to be listening. 

"So you know," 1 said, "since all these 
things that make us different from each 
other are accidents of birth, it seems to 
me that we all need to work together to 
make this the best possible world for all 
of us." 

I was finished. 

The man looked at me and said, "You 
really make me think!" 

1 breathed a "Thank you" to that inner 
voice that had given me the clue in 
my opening words. 

Gladys E. Welch, SO years old. is a MESSENGER 
reader from Arlington. Mass. "I am no longer neat 
a Church of the Brethren congregation." she write 
"bur I still hold firmly lo the Brethren belief in the 
worth of every person, whether or not we agree wii 
his lifestyle." 

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30 Messenger June 1993 


inlelope \ alley. S. Plains; Sarah 
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Dolezal.Darrel Holt.Christa 
Holt, Jean Holt. Ron Horn. 
Charles & Mary Kerfoot, Rick 
Kroll, Trenton Pryor. J. Russell 
Reim, Derek Thralls 

assett. Virlina: Richard & Ann 
Foster. Johnny & Glenda 
Inman. Dale & Angela Lee 
|:ear Creek, W, Marva: Joyce 
Lander, Laura Miller, Donna 
Schlosnagle, Naney Upole. 
Frank & Helen West. Bonnie, 
James. Jason, Wilbert& 
Wilbur Youkin 

ig Creek, S. Plains: James. Luann 
& Travis Bamet, LarissaFick 

jhhst Our Shepherd. S/C Ind.: 
Nathiin M. Can, Jams, Keith & 

j Ellen Spenney, Carlyle Skinner 

liques. All. N.E.: Robert & June 
Binder. Amanda Brandt, kurt 
Ebersole. Jama Martin, Duane 
Shellen-berger. Abby White. 
Trudy Kniss, MelissaBinder, 
Brian Shelly, Mark & Renee 

odorus,S, Pa.: Heather Clements, 
JillSweitzer. Lori VanOrder 

ast Cocalico. Ail. N.E.: Joe & 
Rity Aflague, Elmer & Robin 
Fisher, JeffClark,Sherrill 
Giagnocavo. Jason Good, 
David Harter. Michael, Lynne, 
Bonnie & Laura Keller. Mike 
& Michele Kunkle, Dolores 
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Anna & Karen Martin. Ellen 
Mellinger. Lori & Roxanne 
Musser. Nathan & Pamela 
Nussbaum. Bob & Carol Reed, 
Debbie Stoessel, Richard & 
Kitty Weiler, Heidi Wagner 

istwood. N. Ohio: Don & Debbie 
Brautigam. Mike Hammonds, 
Margaret Moore, Joann 
khart, N. Ind.: Joshua Simmons 

jllowship, Mid-All: Betty & 
Lynn Fouch, Raven Honsaker, 
Joshua Hutzler. Terry & Julie 

•St,York.S. Pa.: Marcus Carey, 
Angie Rutland, Al & Cindi 
Skopic , Megan Tracy 
eeport, Ili./Wis.: Spencer 

irden City, W. Plains: Todd 
Brooks. Lonnie Edwards. 
Melisa & Tyler Hawkms, 
Jessica Largent, Mildred Yost 
,J)shen City, N. Ind.: Ryan 
Bowers, Craig Byers, Eric 
Haney, Troy Igney. Toni 
Miller. Heather Thomas, Jeff 

Hagerstown,Mid-Atl.: Annette 
Canou, Harriet Hill, Andrew, 
Kaye & Karen Rhodes. Clifton 
& Doris Smith, Mary Snyder, 
James Spence 

Hanoverdale, All. N E.: Cindy & 
Joel Beach, Monika & Alex 

Hartville. N. Ohio: Daniel Wood 

La Verne. Pac, S.W.: Benton & 
Doris Rhoades, Emmell & 
Roberta Root 

McPberson. W. Plains: Erin & 
Janelle Flory. Aaron Godfrey. 
Dena, Elizabeth & Michael 
Law. Brian Vancil 

Meadow Branch. Mid. -All: Sarah 
Brunst. Elizabeth Dickenson, 
Tern Imler, Samanlha, Tamara 
& Wilbur Sionesifer 

Mohler, All. N.E.: Robert & Eva 
Bauman. Michael, Pamela & 
Hollie Bell, Fred & Mary Beth 
Crouse. Mar\' Cummings, 
Wendy Grumbling, Dennis 
Hartranfl. Donald & David 
Lambert, David, Carol & 
Donald Schaeffer 

Moorefield, W. Marva: Liilie 
Cook. Bradley & Shawn 
Filzwaler, Helen Heavner, 
Paula Johnson, Kelly Lave. 
OliverRiggleman, Vernon 
Sites, Bobby Smith. Bnan 

Norlh Liberty, N. Ind.: Darlene 
Crane, John Harness, Enid 
Liggett, Elizabeth Martin 

Palmyra, All, N.E.: Steve & Cindy 
Boriner, Jay & Evelyn Frantz, 
Robert & Robin Granzow, 
Carol Lenlz, K. Byron Light, 

Prairie City. N. Plains: Tony 
DeRaad, Jon Taylor, Aaron 

Reading. All, N.E.: Esther Fiscus. 

Rossville, S/C Ind.: Roger. 

Suzanne, Mall & Mark Budke, 
Jim & Tony Davis, Blaire 
Henley, Jeff & Jane Hughes, 
Kent. Kathy & Kerry Need. Jill 
& Brooke Thompson 

Saunders Grove, Virlina: Janet 
Maxwell. Norma Reynolds, 
Belinda Williams. Shannon & 
Brandon Waldon 

Syracuse, N. Ind: Karyl Hapner 

West Richmond, Vidina: Lisa 
Cox, Michael Dowdy. Bob & 
Pat Gangwer. Eden Glenn. 
Deborah & Michael Oskin. Ina 
& Click Smith. Barbara, 
George, Dan, Emily & Jacob 
Tulli, Jay. Roland & Virginia 

West Goshen, N. Ind.: Rebekah 
Arbuckle, David Bates, Andrea 
Whiriedge. David Yodcr 


Abe, Stephen E., ordination 

received Jan. 6, !993,Elkms. 

W. Marva 
Baldwin. Charles, relicensed Nov. 

2, 1 992, Elkhart City, N. Ind. 
Kunselman. Dorothy, ordained 

Nov. 21, 1992,6akdale,W.Pa. 
McClendon.Nancey Murphy. 

ordained Feb. 27. 199,1, 

Myers. Charles R.. licensed Jan. 6, 

1991, Goshen.N. Ind. 
Oessenich, Frank, ordained Apr. 2. 

1992, Alloona, M,Pa. 
Oke, Festus E., licensed Apr. 1 1 , 

1 992, N. Liberty, N, Ind. 
Quinn, Jack W., licensed Feb. 27, 

199.^ Live Oak, Pac. S.W. 
WiHoughby, Carolyn Sue, ordained 

Jan. :.< 1993, Manila. Mich, 


Fields, Sue Wagner, from Miami 

First. Atl, S.E.. lo Ivester. N. 

Fields. Damon Wagner, from 

Miami First, Atl. S.E.. to 

Ivester, N, Plain.s 
Hagenberger, Gene, from 

Roiinoke Ninth St.. Virlina. to 

Roaring Spring, M. Pa. 
Hess. John, from secular to 

Lifer. James, from Owl Creek. 

interim, lo Owl Creek, N. Ohio 
McKibben. Tammy, from secular 

lo Waynesboro, Shen- 
Thompson, Wendell, from Owi 

Creek, interim, to Owl Creek. 



Aukerman, Marshall and Elsie. 

Union City. Ind,, 75 
Chaney.Connelland Margaret. 

Eckert, Ed and Ruth, Dallasiown. 

Pa, 50 
Firestone. Roy and Mary Jane, 

Funkhouser, Cecil and Sylvia, 

Midland. Va.. 55 
Hayes, Floyd and Eva, Roann, Ind.. 

Hess, Esther and Charles. Goshen, 

Ind., 50 
Houston. Janis and Ruth, New 

Pans, Ind., 50 
Liggett. Earl and Juanita. North 

Liberty, Ind, .50 
Rilter. Harry and Leah, Akron. 

Ohio, 50 
Smith, W.H. (Bill) and Ava, 

StaufTer. John and Bessie, 

Trot wood. Ohio, 50 
Utz.Harley and Sylvia. Arcanum, 

Ohio. 75 


Bashur, Isaac, 95, La Verne, Calif., 

Jan. 14. 199.1 
Battin, Ann Margaret, K3, Han- 

ville, Ohio, Mar. 24, 1993 
Baughman, Sallie, 94, Everett. Pa,, 

Feb. 14. 1993 
Bieghler, Ronald, 54, Des Moines, 

Iovia,Aug. 16, 1992 
Brehm, Ruth Miller, 83, Arcadia, 

Ind, Mar. 19,1993 
Bridenbecker, Florence, 79, 

Scbring,Fla.,Mar.26. 1993 
Brubaker, Mary, 76. Bradford, 

Ohio,Mar. 26, 1993 
Brumbaugh. Raymond, 87, 

Hartville, Ohio, Feb. 12,1993 
Brunk, Mary, 72, Bridgewater, Va., 

Dec. 22, 1992 
Byers, Heidi, 3 1 , Westminster, 

Md.,Mar. 29, 1993 
Childers, Vernon, 74, Rocky 

Mount, Va,. Apr. 3, 1993 
Clapper. Thalia. 70. Oxford, Pa., 

Feb. 26, 1993 
Crabtree. Lillian. 77. Everett. Pa.. 

Mar. 14. 1992 
Douglas. Julie. 43. N. Manchester. 

Ind..Jan.,30, 1993 
Duncan, Kathryn. 79, York, Pa.. 

Feb. IS, 1993 
Eliason, Mildred, 84, Virden, 111.. 

Mar. 8. 1993 
Emmert. Bertha, 99, Des Moines, 

Iowa, Jan. 18.199,3" 
Finney. Helen. 73. Delphi. Ind., 

Mar. 14, 1993 
Flora. Opie. 75. La Verne, Calif., 

Mar. 26. 1993 
Flora, Irvin. 80, Medway, Ohio, 

Feb, 22, 1993 
Graybill,T,A.. 38, Roanoke, Va., 

bee. 25. 1992 
Harris, Clyde. 88. Denver. Colo.. 

Mar. 18, 1993 
Heiland, John, 75, Delphi, Ind., 

Apr. 22, 1991 
Hornbaker, Minnie, 100, 

Mercersburg, Pa., Aug,4, 1992 
Hyatt. Esta. Greenville. Ohio, 

Dec, 12. 1992 
.Jones, Myrtle Wirt, 75, Bassett. 

Va.. Feb. 4. 1993 
Keefer. Emma, 89, Mercersburg, 

Pa, J line 9. 1992 
Kenworthy, James, 7 1 , Delphi. 

lnd,.July28, 1992 
Kenworthy, Dorothea, 7 1, Delphi, 

Ind.,Jiine20, 1992 
Kessinger, Lois Phlcgar, 73, Green 

Hill. Va„ Dec. 11.1992 

King. Raymond. 92, North English, 

Iowa, Feb. 26, 1993 
Knaub, Curtis, 82, York, Pa., Feb, 

Leasure. Jane. 80, Mercersburg. 

Pa. Feb. 9. 1993 
Lefever. Donald. 70. Bumsville, 

Minn, Jan. 6, 1993 
Levenberger. Manon. 89. Lima. 

Ohio. Apr. 5, 1993 
Lippert. Betty, Greenville. Ohio. 

Sept. 9. 1992 
Mason. Edna, S3, Hamsonburg, 

Va..Mar. 15.1992 
Monn. Kenneth, 50, Waynesboro, 

Pa, Feb. 18.1992 
Moon. Edward. 63. Oakland. Md.. 

Mar, 9. 1993 
Mummert. Samuel, 7 1 , East 

Berlin, Pa., Feb, 27, 1993 
Nance. Ward, l03,Empona,Kan,, 

Feb. 27. 1993 
Newbury. Merry. 6 1 . Des Moines, 

Iowa, May 8, 1 992 
Parker, Hazel, Greenville, Ohio, 

Oct. 7, 1992 
Retry, Wilmer, 85, Akron, Ohio, 

Mar. 20, 1993 
Power. Florence, 85, Sigoumey. 

Iowa, Dec. 13. 1992 
Pulley. Clarence. 101. Wabash. 

Ind.. Mar. 19. 1993 
Royer. Harold. 64. Virden. 111.. 

Mar. 9. 1993 
,Schwenk. Howard. 69. Lebanon. 

Pa.,M;u^, 20, 1993 
Shaffer, Samuel Jr. ,67, York, Pa., 

Feb. 25, 1993 
Shouc, Louise, 89, Walkerion, Ind,, 

Feb, 11,1993 
Snader, Robert, 62, Waynesboro, 

Pa, Feb. 12. 1993 
Snelling. William. 84, Grants Pass, 

Ore,, Mar. 16. 1993 
Steele. Robert. 70. Woodburw Pa,. 

Feb. 22. 1993 
Stephenson . Carmen. Roanoke. 

Va..Sept, 17, 1992 
Sirietzel, Paul, 89, La Verne, 

Calir„Jan, 14, 1993 
Thomas, Herbert, 82, Warrens- 
burg, Mo.. Apr. 1. 1993 
Turner, Virginia, 85, Bridgew ater, 

Va.,Dec. 12. 1992 
Walker, Maude, 8 1 , Des Moines. 

Iowa, Nov. 23. 1992 
Wampler. David. 9 1 . Bridgew ater. 

Va..Feb. 6, 1993 
Wamsher, Herman, 78, Delphi, 

Ind, Oct. 30. 1992 
VVeimer. Oscar. 79. .Mexandna. 

Va.Mar. 29, 1993 
Weyant, E. Myrl. 90. Orbisonia. 

Pa. Feb. 16. 1993 
Wiggins. Leonard. 80, McPherson, 

Kan, Mar. 27. 1993 
Willard,Odell, 81, Bassett, Va,. 

Sept. 18,1992 
Zimmerman, Marie, 87, Flora, 

Ind, Mar, 13,1993 

June 1493 Messenger 31 

View from a foxhole 

I've noticed it already. Just say "Greenmount," and 
other Brethren know immediately what subject you 
are referring to. You don't have to be more specific. 
It's like saying "Waterloo." "Gettysburg." or 
"Nuremberg." The place name is shorthand for a 

So w hat happened at "Greenmount"? See page 6 
of this issue, in case )0U have been living under a 
rock the last couple of months. 

On April 6. Greenmount Church of the Brethren 
hosted a throng of 500 or so Brethren, meeting to 
discuss the issue of homosexuality. The meeting was 
triggered by .Annua! Conference moderator Chuck 
Boyer's statement in the February MESSENGER, on 
homosexuals in leadership. 

I was at "Greenmount." I made a point of arriving 
half an hour before the opening time, "to get a good 
seat." So had everyone else. I just barely managed to 
snatch the last folding chair in the back of the 
sanctuary. But, the further the meeting went, the 
more I came to appreciate my location. While all 
around me were people bristling with indignation 
and hostility, my location and relative anonymity 
were a far cry from the hot seats and exposure that 
moderator Boyer and general secretary Don Miller 
were enduring up in the chancel area. I was satisfied 
with my distant folding chair and my low-profile 
role as a mere reporter and ob.server. 

TTie report is on page 6. Here are my observations: 
It was apparent and imderstandahlc that, although 
the meeting's stated purpose was to hold an "open 
forum." the planners hadn't come with any notion of 
having their minds changed on the subject being 
aired. Although there just might have been someone 
at "Greenmount" whose mind was changed the 
teensy-weensiest bit. my hunch is that there was not. 
By and large, the people at "Greenmount" seemed 
roughly divisible into two groups — those who saw 
the meeting as a rally of Brethren opposed to any 
acceptance of homosexuals (clearly the vast major- 
ity) and those who had been cheered by or were 
supportive of the moderator's stance and came to 
counterbalance the majority group. 

TTie division into groups was demonstrated by the 
positions of those who spoke at the microphone 
during the second part of the meeting. From my 
notes. I calculated that about one-fourth of the 
speeches were generally sympathetic toward homo- 
sexuals. That left three-fourths that were generally 
unsympathetic. Note the word "generally." The 
reader, I hope, will understand that within these two 
divisions there was a broad spectrum of feelings 


Out of my "Greenmount" experience emerged a 
hope and a frustration. 

TTie hope is that from this meeting (and other 
occasions where opinions are aired on the controver- 
sial subject of homosexuality) there can be benefits 
of dialog realized — the lessening of tension, the 
heightening of understanding, and the approaching 
of unity. 

The 1983 Annual Conference paper on "Human 
Sexuality From a Christian Perspective" calls for 
"engaging in open, forthright conversations with 
homosexuals." At "Greenmount." while the conver- 
sations might have been a little bit more "open and 
forthright" if the Brethren/Mennonite Council for 
Lesbian and Gay Concerns had been invited to make 
a presentation, there still was opportunity for 
something approximating dialog. The 1983 paper 
goes on to say. "When we stop alienating one 
another and. instead, venture toward understanding, 
some fears disappear and interpersonal relationships 
become more honest." 

That's the hope. The frustration, felt anew at 
"Greenmount." is that those on the two sides of the 
homosexual issue are so polarized that true, reconcil- 
ing dialog is very hard to achieve. At "Greenmount," 
I felt like a war correspondent crouched in a foxhole, 
while shells were being lobbed back and forth over 
my head. When will the shelling stop? Where is the 
medium that can bring the two sides together? When 
will we admit that using scripture (interpreted 
differently by the two sides) as ammunition in such a 
debate serves no good purpose — certainly not the 
purpose of achieving understanding? 


had the impulse to jump up and say. "Hey! You 
all aren't even arguing about the same thing! At 
least you aren't speaking from any agreed upon One side seems to think that every last gay 
in the world, by choice, is wildly indulging in 
outlandish sexual behavior. The other side seems to 
think we should just give a blanket endorsement of 
gays and raise no questions (or otherwise be catego- 
rized as a bunch of homophobes). Can't we just talk 
(not accuse) for a while, until it boils down to talking 
about the same thing . . . whatever that is?" 

But, discretion seeming to be the better part of 
valor at the moment, I remained crouched in my 
foxhole. I came away from "Greenmount" harboring 
my small hope. As for my frustration, it just grew 
larger. — K.T. 

32 Messenger June 1993 


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Messenger 6/' 

Atrttmer-eity church 
~ that stayed put 



I was a member of the committee that (with the help of an 
outside design consuhant) came up with the present Church of 
the Brethren logo. We have had several good laughs as 
\arious denominational agencies have worked it into their 
letterheads and new sletter banners. One district newsletter had 
the logo upside down. Another one had it on its side. A 

congregation, on its letterhead stationery, had 
the logo on its side aiuJ mirror-reverse. 
Even Brethren Press has had its problems. 
There was considerable chagrin registered 
w hen a stock of Brethren Press envelopes 
came from the printer with the logo on its 

Some Brethren sa\ the\' can't see all the 
symbols we claim are in the logo. Recently 
two visiting Brethren couples from Mary land 
stopped b\ my office on their tour of our building, to ha\e me 
explain the logo to them. I reminded them that we had intention- 
all\' made the logo somev\hat abstract and were delighted that 
some Brethren see one thing and some see another. The cross is 
quite ob\ ious. But w hat about those wavy lines in the lower right 
quadrant? Some people see them as a wave, and it connotes for 
them new life in Christ, "born of water and the Spirit" (John 
3:3). Or thes ma\ be the waters of justice (Amos 5:24). or they 
may be other water images. Some see them not as water, but a 
towel draped over the edge of a foot tub. The partial circle may 
suggest the globe, the circle of unity, or the outline of a chalice 
or cup. 

My visitors were surprised that they had so many options. 
Since I was working on this month's cluster of articles on urban 
ministr)'. and had "urban" and "rural" on my mind, I jokingly 
told my visitors that the straight lines intersecting in the cross 
were the intersection of two city streets, and the wavy lines were 
a rural road. 

They looked a little doubtful about that one, and 1 saw it was 
time to stop. So I didn't tell them that someone once said the 
wavy lines looked to him like "the forked tongue with which 
'Elgin" speaks." Now that was carrying it too far. 


Kermon Thomasson 

Managing Editor 

Eric B. Bishop 

Editorial assistant 

Cheryl Cayford 

Production, Advertising 

Paul Stocksdale 


Norma Nieto. Martha Cupp 


Kenneth L Gibble 


Dale E. Minnich 

District Messenger representatives: 

Allanlic Northeast. Ron Lut/. Atlantic 
Southeast, Ruhy Raymcr; lllinoisAV'isci 
Gail Clark; Northern Indiana. Leona 
Holderread: Soulh/Central Indiana. Ma' 
Miller: Michigan. Mane Willoughbv: ^ 
Atlantic, Ann Fouls; Missouri/Arkansa: 
Mary McGowan; Norlhem Plains. Fail! 
Strom; Norlhem Ohio. Sherry Sampsoi 
Southern Ohio. Shirle\ Pelr\ ; Oregon/ 
Washington. Marguerite Shamberger; 
Pacific Southwest. Randy Miller; Midd 
Pennsylvania, Rulh Fisher; Southern 
Pennsylvania, Elmer Q. Gleim; Wester 
Pennsylvania. Jay Chnstner: Shenando 
Jerrs Brunk; Southern Plains. Esthe 
Virltna, David & Heme Webster; West 
Plains. Dean Hummer; West Mar\a. 
Winoma Spurgcon, 

Messenger is ihe official publication O' 
Church of the Brethren. Entered as sec 
class matter Aug. 20. 1918, under Act 
Congress of Oct. 17. 1917. Filing dalCi 
^ ^^ I 1 . 1 984. Messenger is a 
|A member of the Associate* 
|/^' Church Press and a subsci 
jrj lo Religious News Servici 

COMING NEXT MONTH: A summary of the U)y3 Annual 
Conference, in Indianapolis. 

Ecumenical Press Service. 

Biblical quotations, unles: 
otherwise indicated, are from ihc New 
Revised Standard Version. 

Subscription rales: S12.Ji() individi 
rate. SIO. 50 church group plan. SIO.5^ 
subscriptions. Student rate l^*i an issi 
you move, clip address label and send 
new address to Messenger Subscriplic 
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-at least five weeks for address change: 
Messenger is owned and published 
times a year by Ihe General Sen ices 
mission. Church of the Brethren Genei 
Board. Second-class postage paid at E; 
III., and at addilional mailing office. J, 
,1993. Copyright 199.1. Church of ihej 
Brethren General Board. ISSN 0026-t 
POSTMASTER: Send address chaj 
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Touch 2 
'lose to Home 4 
Jjws 6 
iorldwide 9 
Ijepping Stones 10 
letters 27 
Imtius' Puddle 28 
1 cm the 

General Secretary 
'irning Points 31 
Witorial 32 


Cper, 22, 24-25: Bob Balsbaugh 

li'at Wnght 

2|ohn Detwiler 

3,ip right: Jane Heisey 

3')ttom: John Edwards 

S'.awrence Rupley 

6[ilenn Mitchell 


)lp: New Windsor Sei^'ice Center 

3|)ttom right: Brethren Volunteer 


1 120 right. 2 1 , 26: San Jose Chamber 

jf Commerce 
, 2lop: Ester Parada 
i Norman Arnold 

The children count 1 1 

When disaster strikes, it often is the smallest of victims who 
are forgotten. Elizabeth Cutting tells how Cooperative 
Disaster Child Care meets the need. 

Preach the Word 1 3 

Ray Hileman says people are hungry for good Bible sermons, 
and gives eight principles for expository preaching. 

Drawn together in love 16 

The church is moving decisively toward achieving the Goals 
for the "90s, says general secretary Donald E. Miller. 

Korea: We're on our way 17 

A key task in Korea is introducing the Church of the 
Brethren to the people and the church leaders. David Radcliff 
reports on Dan Kim's mission successes and challenges. 

The calling of the cities 19 

The Brethren have had city churches since 1817. Eric B. 
Bishop looks at the direction of the current urban ministry 
program. Cheryl Cayford's sidebars provide a sampling of 
urban church stories. 

Harrisburg First: Hummel Street is its home 22 

The real challenge for this urban congregation is being both 
an evangelism and service people among the crime, inad- 
equate housing, and poverty of the city. Don Fitzkee tells how 
this church has survived and thrived. 

Cover story: Brethren are 
learning to live in the cit}'. us 
our cluster of articles on 
urban ministries attests. 
Harrisburg (Pa.) First 
Church of the Brethren, 
depicted on the cover, has 
food for the needy as one of 
its programs. Left: To 
demonstrate a Brethren 
"Loving Presence" in Los 
Angeles. Imperial Heights 
members Maree Harris and 
Ramona Thompson-Faison 
pick up trash along a city 
street. (Articles begin on 
page 19.} 

July 1993 Messenger 1 



She's moving again 

It may be premature to write 
a "Where Are They Now?" 
piece on Phyllis Carter. Just 
a year ago she had high 
visibility as moderator of 

Phyllis Carter relaxes 

in her gazebo, waiting 

for customers seeking 

"A Quiet Place." 

"In Touch" profiles Brethren we 
would like you to meet. Send 
story ideas and photos I black 
and while, if possible) lo "In 
Touch." Messenger. 1451 
Dundee Ave.. Elgin. IL 60120. 

Annual Conference. At that 
time she also was pastor of 
Goshen (Ind.) City Church of 
the Brethren, one of the 
largest congregations in the 

Names in the news 

• Melanie May, a former 
executive on the Church of 
the Brethren General Board 

All that is in the past. The 
loss of her voice through 
fatigue, after her term as 
moderator, led to Phyllis' 
early retirement from the 
pastorate, as well. 

But, being a pilgrim 
person, she's moving again, 
meeting a new challenge. 
She is introducing Protes- 
tants to the age-old traditions 
of Catholic monastics. She is 
teaching people with 
crowded schedules to carve 
out space for themselves . . . 
and God. In her Goshen 
home, she has opened a 
retreat center called "A Quiet 

The same intensity that 
Phyllis brought to her 
ministry colors her approach 
to her prayer life, she works 
hard at what she calls "the 
spiritual disciplines." She 
defines them as "making 
space for God." These 
disciplines include prayer, 
fasting, solitude, worship, 
and scripture study. 

"I started retreating and 
living the disciplined life 
about 1 8 years ago," Phyllis 
says. "It's kept my pastoral 
life active and fruitful." 

Always there was the 
dream to establish her own 
retreat center, and now 
Phyllis has taken the first 
step. "We have established a 
quiet spot here. We receive 
people from 9-to-4 for day- 
long retreats. We've got a 
gazebo, a deck, and a 
hammock in the yard. We 

Rochester (N.Y.) Divinity 
School's Program in the 
Study of Women and Gender 
in Church and Society. She 
formerly taught at Bethany 

staff, is now dean of Colgate Theological Seminary, in 

just started with where we 
are and what we have." 

At first Phyllis was 
frustrated, being unable to 
have overnight retreats. 
"Then I discovered that there 
are groups of people who 
cannot get away for a week 
or even a day or two. A day- 
long retreat fits well into 
their schedule." 

A "directed retreat" 
depends on people's needs. 
"I usually start with a 
scripture for the 'retreatant' 
to work with for a couple of 
hours. Then we come back 
together and talk about what 
God is saying, what he is 
doing in the person's life 
right now. 

"Communion is offered at 
some point in the day. There 
is much quiet. It's built 
around the contemplative 

Phyllis' voice is coming 
back. While she was making 
her decision to retire, a 
colleague said to her, "Don't 
you think it's strange that a 
person who is a 'contempla- 
tive' is having voice trouble? 
Don't you get it?" 

That was the word of 
affirmation that Phyllis 
needed. "My voice just gets 
stronger," she declares. 

So does her confidence 
that starting a retreat center 
was the right idea. — Frank 

Frank Ramirez is pastor of 
Elkhart Valley Church of the 
Brethren, in Elkhart, Ind. 

Oak Brook, 111. 

• Paul Troder, a member 
of Lick Creek Church of the 
Brethren, Bryan, Ohio, has 
been named Manufacturer of 
the Year by National 

2 Messenger July 1993 

Electrical Manufacturers' 
Representative Association 
(NEMRA). He is owner and 
operator of Allied Moulded 
Products. Inc. 

• Donald B. Kraybill. 
director of Elizabethtown 
College's Young Center for 

Don Kraybill 

the Study of Anabaptist and 
Pietist Groups, is editor of a 
new book on reliaious 

Married 75 years 

Statistics seem to work 
against it. While more people 
are living longer, half of the 
marriages in the United 
IStates end in divorce. So it 
will continue to be unusual 
for a couple to celebrate a 
75th wedding anniversary. 

Beating the odds, Sylvia 
uid Harley Utz, members of 
aPitsburg Church of the 
Brethren, in Arcanum, Ohio, 
■cached that milestone on 
lune 15. 

They have been members 
it Pitsburg since their teen 
/ears, and after a career that 
lOok them to other places. 
ihey have spent their 
retirement years back where 
t all started. 

Living by good Brethren 
mnciples, coupled with 

freedom. The Amish and the 
State, published by Johns 
Hopkins University Press. 

• Miller Davis, director of 
center operations at New 
Windsor (Md.) Service 
Center, is chairman of Heifer 
Project International's board 
of directors. 

• Gloria Baker, a former 
member of New Enterprise 
(Pa.) Church of the Brethren, 
has written a book for church 
organists. Organ Registra- 
tions/or Sacred Sounds for 
all Seasons. It was published 
by Houston Publishing Inc., 
Lebanon, Ind. 

• Chicago's Bethany 
Hospital has awarded its Dr. 
J. Robert Thompson Award 
to Brethren philanthropists 
William and Miriam Cable. 
members of Rock Run 
Church of the Brethren, near 
Goshen, Ind. 

perhaps a bit of luck, seems 
to account for the good life 
Sylvia and Harley have lived. 
At Pitsburg. they have been 
active in many church roles. 
Even now, Harley, although 

Sylvia and Harley Utz 

blind the past 15 years, 
regularly reads two books a 
week on tape. He estimates 
that he has read 1 ,600 books 
this way. He contributes 
reviews to the congregation's 

Farmer Jan Lisieki (left) and Enos Heisey (right) discuss 
agricultural techniques appropriate for Polish farms. 

Planting in Poland 

It's exciting to play a part in 
historic changes. Enos 
Heisey admits that. But he 
doesn't let the excitement get 
in the way of working 
patiently at practical things. 

Enos and his wife. Jane. 
members of Spring Creek 
Church of the Brethren, in 
Hershey, Pa., spent a month 
last fall giving technical 
assistance to farmers in 
Poland. The project was 
carried out through Volun- 
teers in Overseas Coopera- 
tive Assistance (VOCA). a 
Washington-based, nonprofit 
organization that has given 
technical assistance to needy 
countries for 22 years. 

Inadequate marketing 
systems are at the root of 
Polish farmers' problems. 
Enos points out. For years 
the communist government 
told the farmers what to do. 
Llnder the new. democratic 
government. Polish farmers 
are slow to take the initiative 
to help themselves. Enos and 
his group hope to help them 
successfully shift to a free- 
market economy. 

"Some of the older farmers 
just shook their heads." Enos 
says. "It's very difficult to 
change after years of giving 
no consideration to quality, 
sanitation, or the environ- 

Enos recommended to 
Polish farmers that they enter 
farmer-owned and farmer- 
operated cooperatives. He 
believes such things will 
come . . . eventually. 

One reason that Enos takes 
a realistic view of things is 
that he has done a lot of 
viewing in his time. From 
1967 to 1988, he and Jane 
led 12 People-to-People 
agricultural tours that took 
them to 52 countries. 

Speaking about being in 
Poland in a time of change. 
Enos reflects his patience. 
"It gives you a feeling of 
accomplishment, even 
though you don't see those 
accomplishments right at the 
moment. I know, however, 
that we were planting the 
seeds that will grow and 
one day bring about the 
necessary changes." 


Florence Mover Bollinger. 

96. died May 2. in Green- 
ville. Ohio. She and her 
husband. Amsey, sened as 
missionaries in India, 1930- 
1961: 1966-1967. Previously 
they served as missionaries at 
the Church of the Brethren 
Industrial School, in Greene 
County. Va. (See December 
1992, page 25) 

Julv 1993 Messenger 3 

Taking in the sights 

In April, 39 junior high 
youth from Middle Pennsyl- 
vania District made a 3-day 
visit to Washington, D.C. 
TTiere they spent one day on 
work assignments — in soup 

Kids in the supermarl(et Campus comments 

Middle Pennsylvania 

youth clearly were 

typical tourists for 

part of their visit to 

Washington, D.C. 

"Close to Home" hifihli^bts 
news of congregations, districts, 
colleges, homes, and other local and 
regional life. Send story ideas and 
photos (black and white, if possible) 
to "Close to Home." Messfnger. 
1451 Dundee Ave.. Elgin. IL 60120. 

tvitchens and food pantries. 
Tours on the other days 
included the Washington 
Office of the Church of the 
Brethren and the US Capitol. 

Jesus on parade 

Each July, Sabetha, Kan., 
holds its annual Rodeo 
Parade. The 1992 theme was 
"Ropin' the Wind," taken 
from the popular Garth 
Brooks country music song. 
Sabetha's Trinity Church 
of the Brethren used Mat- 
thew 8:27 as inspiration for 
its float depicting Jesus 
calming the tempest. Later, 

The Sunday school children 
of Woodberry Church of the 
Brethren, in Baltimore, Md., 
decided that this time 
around, they wanted not only 
to help decide how to spend 
their accumulated collection 
money, but to be involved in 
the spending itself. 

Divided into teams, the 
children went to a supermar- 
ket to buy food for the poor. 
Within each team, one child 
totaled the purchases, one 
pushed the cart, and the 
others searched for the best 

Other, adult shoppers, 
attracted by the activity, 
sometimes offered advice or 
helped reach items on the top 
shelves. Meanwhile the 
children evangelically 
explained their purpose. 

Within an hour the 
children left the store with 19 
bags of groceries, having 
spent all their $200. 
Woodberry adults added 
more items, and 34 bags 
eventually went to the food 
bank operated by the area 
churches. The children are 
now busily raising more 
money ... for another fun 
trip to the supermarket. 

Elizabethtown College has 

published a booklet titled The\ 
Brethren Heritage of 
Elizabethtown College. The 
1 2-page work will be 
"helpful in understanding 
better the historical and 
spiritual roots from which 
Elizabethtown College has 
sprung," according to 
President Gerhard Spiegler. 
• Bridgewater College's 
Environmental Awareness 
Week, April 19-24, featured 
an Information Fair and two 
community service projects. 
Also, Lester Brown, founder 
and president of Worldwatch 
Institute, an environmental 
research and analysis 
organization, lectured during 
the week. The Information 
Fair featured booths from 16 
organizations related to 
environmental concerns. In 
the service projects, one 
group of students and other 
volunteers helped clean up a 
segment of North River, 
while another group worked 
with the town of 
Bridgewater's beautification 
program. While adults 
worked on those projects, 
children met on campus to 
meet visiting Smokey Bear 

Trinity took its creation to 
Morrill, Kan., for the annual 

Morrill Daze, where it took \ 
first-place prize. 

4 Messenger July 1993 

and to receive pine seedlings 
for planting. 

• Andy Murray, director of 
the Baker Institute for Peace 
and Conflict Studies at 
Juniata College (see May, 
page 9) was commencement 
speaker at Manchester 
College, May 23. 

• Cecil Murray, of First 

I African Methodist Episcopal 
■ church of Los Angeles, spoke 

at the University of La 
' Verne's baccalaureate May 

30. His sermon was titled 

"Give "Em Heaven." 

• A $100,000 endowed 
lecture series has been 
created at Elizabethtown 
College in honor of Donald 
and Hedda Dumbaugh, 
scholars and interpreters of 

I the history of Brethren and 

' other Anabaptist and Pietist 
groups. The Dumbaughs 
have retired from the college 
staff and now live in 
Huntingdon, Pa., but 
continue their association 
with Elizabethtown. 

« • Prvoslav Davinic, 

1 director of the United 
Nations Office for Disarma- 
ment Affairs, spoke at 
Juniata College's com- 
mencement. May 9. He was 

:instrumental in the UN and 
Juniata establishing a 
series of annual seminars on 

larms control and disarma- 
ment (see May, page 9). 

• The 20th annual Breth- 
ren Bible Institute will be 
held July 26-30, at 
Elizabethtown College, 
sponsored by Brethren 
Revival Fellowship. 

• Two student publications 
of Bridgewater College 
have received top awards 
from the American Scholas- 
tic Press Association. The 
Talon (newspaper) and 
Ripples (yearbook) both have 


Atlantic Northeast volunteers reroofthe COBYS center. 

A roof for the boys 

Putting on new roofs seems 
to have become for Brethren 
the modem-day version of 
the traditional Dunker barn- 
raising. On May 1, 35 
volunteers from Florin, 
East Fairview, White 
Oak, Conewago, Middle 
Creek, and Chiques — 

Pennsylvania congregations 
in Atlantic Northeast 

District— reroofed COBYS 
Family Services Group 
Home for teenage boys at 
Manheim, Pa. 

COBYS is a service of the 
district, with programs in 
foster care, group home care, 
counseling, and family life 

taken ASPA awards for 
several consecutive years. 

• Manchester College and 
Manchester Church of the 
Brethren will hold their 
annual Church as Peace- 
maker conference October 

1 1. Singer and musician Ken 
Medema and Sojourners 
magazine editor Jim Wallis 
will be featured, under the 
theme "Let Justice Roll." 
Call (219) 982-7523 for 

• Bridgewater College's 
Forum for Religious Studies 
will hold a conference, 
"Anabaptism: Its Heritage 
and Prospects for the 2 1 st 
Century," September 29- 
October 2. For information. 

call Robbie Miller, (703) 

Let's celebrate 

Union Center Church of the 
Brethren, Nappanee, Ind., 
dedicated new facilities May 
2, with former pastor Herb 
Fisher and current pastor 
Charles Stouder as speakers. 
The additions include a new 
sanctuary, offices, class- 
rooms, restrooms, and 
elevator. The old sanctuary is 
now the fellowship hall. 

• Dundalk Church of the 
Brethren, Baltimore, Md., 
celebrates its 50th anniver- 

sary September 11-12. 

• Huntington (Ind.) City 
Church of the Brethren 
kicked off its centennial year 
June 20, with a family 
reunion/homecoming. The 
year will climax with a June 
1994 celebration. 

• Gratis (Ohio) Church of 
the Brethren has marked the 
1 60th anniversary of the 
dedication of its present 
meetinghouse. The building 
predates the founding of the 
congregation, which dates 
from 1912. 

• Roanoke (Va.) First 
Church of the Brethren 
celebrated its 100th anniver- 
sary May 23 with a program 
at its old meetinghouse (now 
Loudon Avenue Christian 
Church). Further celebrating 
is planned for October 16-17. 

• Waterford (Calif.) 
Church of the Brethren 
marked its 75th anniversary 
May 23. 

• Santa Ana (Calif.) 
Church of the Brethren will 
celebrate its 90th anniversary 
October 24. 

• The snowstorm of the 
century postponed 
Greencastle (Pa.) Church of 
the Brethren's celebration 
from March 14 to March 28. 
On that day the congregation 
celebrated the completion of 
a remodeling program that 
included enlarging the 
narthex and installing an 
elevator. Also on that day, 
Lucretia Ritchey was 
installed as pastor. 

• Blue Ridge Chapel 
Church of the Brethren, near 
Waynesboro. Va., held a 
mortgage-burning May 16 to 
celebrate liquidation of a 
$155,000 debt and additions 
to the church, including an 
enlarged sanctuary, new 
offices, and new classrooms. 

July 1993 Messenger 5 

Letter of resources, action 
ideas on Sudan distributed 

Calling tor advocacy for the people of 
Sudan, a letter sent to Brethren congre- 
gational leaders in May is designed to 
help Brethren raise awareness about the 
suffering in the African country. 

The letter was jointly signed by Africa 
and Middle East representative Mervin 
Keeney, Washington representative Tim 
McElwee, and peace consultant David 
Radcliff. "Our presence in Sudan extends 

Sudanese women greeted a 

Brethren peace delegation 

that visited eastern Africa 

in January. The women 

held crosses, proclaiming 

their Christian beliefs. 

Because the news pages include news from various 
Church of the Brethren organizalinns and move- 
ments, the activities reported on ma\ represent a 
variety of viewpoints These pages also report on 
other national and international news relevant to 
Brethren Information in news articles does not 
necessarily represent the opinions of Messenger or 
the Church of the Brethren 

back to 1980," they wrote, "and today we 
have Brethren staff involved in strategic 

"Brethren have responded generously 
over the past 18 month.s — (giving) al- 
most $7()(),()()() — in support of work in 
Sudan and Somalia," the letter contin- 
ued. "Now we appeal for your help in 
turning US and international attention 
toward Sudan to advocate nonviolent 
resolution of the civil war and humani- 
tarian crisis there." 

The letter also describes action steps 
Brethren individuals and congregations 
can take, and resources that can be used. 
These include writing letters to the 
editors of local newspapers, writing 

letters to Con-gress and the President, 
viewing videos on Sudan, and studying 
the General Board's March 1993 
"Resolution on the Conflict and Huma 
tarian Crisis in Sudan." 

Each of the resources is available fro 
the General Board's Africa and Middl 
East office. The first of the videos, "Si 
taining Hope," was produced by the Ni 
Sudan Council of Churches, of which 
Brethren field staff Roger Schrock is e 
ecutive secretary. The video tells the o 
gin and work of the NSCC, and can be 
rented or purchased from Brethren Pn 

The second video is a May telecast c 
the MacNeill/Lehrer Report. It consist 
of personal testimony from panel merr 
bers who have each traveled to Sudan. 
Loan copies of this video are available! 
free. Contact the Africa and Middle E 
Office, 1451 Dundee Ave., Elgin, IL 
60120: (800) 323-8039. 

Evangelicals affirm 'vision 
statement of needs' 

Several proposals from the Brethren 
Evangelical Ministry Training Comm 
tee (BEMTC) were affirmed May 6 at 
New Fairview church, near York. Pa. 
About 70 evangelical Brethren, district 
and denominational leaders, and repr 
sentatives from non-Brethren instituti 
attended the all-day meeting — the thi 
of its kind. 

Concerned Brethren first met in Mi 
1991 to discuss the "lack of evangelic 
training" in the Church of the Brethn 
Those at a 1992 meeting sanctioned t 
BEMTC to bring proposals in 1993. 

In the lone motion of the day, the 
group affirmed the committee's three 
pronged "vision statement of needs,"' 
which will draw on existing program 
and institutions to provide training fc 
evangelical Brethren in evangelism a 
church growth, leadership and churc 
organization, and spiritual formation iil 
church renewal. 

For youth and young adults seekin; 
discipleship training, the group affin I 
programs such as Youth With A Mis n 
( YWAM), and two Mennonite progr [s 

6 .Messenger July 1993 

Church aid supports victimized women 

The Church of the Brethren has given $10,000 to aid rape 
victims in the former Yugoslavia. Part of the grant. $2,000, 
was given by the Global Women's Project. The remainder is 
from the Emergency Disaster Fund. The money will aid a 
World Council of Churches "Solidarity with Women" proj- 
ect, in which a team of women in Zagreb are assisting rape 
victims. About 20,000 to 50,000 women have been raped. 

An ecumenical women's team from the WCC last Decem- 
ber validated stories of rape on all sides of the conflict, but 
said there were disproportionately high numbers of rapes of 
Bosnian Muslim women as part of Serbian ethnic cleansing. 

The Church of the Brethren Washington Office also has 
joined other religious groups calling for Congress to con- 
demn mass rapes of women in Bosnia. Another group of 
religious organizations, led by the Union of American He- 
brew Congregations, has begun a campaign to make rape a 
war crime when used by an aggressor as policy. 

A woman and two of her grandchildren are among Mus- 
lim refugees in a makeshift camp near Zagreb, Croatia. 

odeled after YWAM — Youth Evange- 
.m Service (YES), and Summer Train- 
g Action Team (STAT). 
I Two options at the non-degree leader- 
ip training level were recommended: 
.; School of Witness, a Mennonite pro- 
am that combines three months of in- 
isive classroom study with an intem- 
;ip in a church; and the Albright Insti- 
' e, an emerging program to be offered 
I Evangelical School of Theology 
ijST), in Myerstown, Pa. 
!At the graduate level, EST was given 
l;h profile as an evangelical option. 
Ijdents could take all their courses from 
1|T, or work in cooperation with the 
!jsquehanna Valley Satellite of Bethany 
',eological Seminary, which will open 
i Elizabethtown, Pa., this fall. Repre- 
ijitatives from the Bethany Satellite, 
1 T, and Ashland (Ohio) Theological 
i minary all expressed interest in coop- 
£ ting with evangelical Brethren. 
i n addition, the group voiced general 
iDroval of a proposal to explore the cre- 
^Jn of a foundation, modeled after the 
f nnonite Christian Leadership Foun- 
c.ion, (MCLF), whose members envi- 
.sjn and support leadership training and 
Tjewal in the Mennonite Church. 
, I luch of the afternoon's discussion 

focused on the degree to which the 
BEMTC's vision could be carried out 
within Brethren institutions such as 
Bethany Seminary, and the General 
Board's center for evangelism. 

Earl Stovall, an evangelical Bethany 
student, pointed out a new mood of open- 
ness to evangelicals. "If we haven't been 
satisfied by the slant (at Bethany), then 
let's be a part of it and try to direct it." 

BEMTC member Thom Keller coun- 
tered, "To think that Bethany is going to 
change (adequately) within five years 
would be naive." He urged working with 
other institutions until Bethany changed. 

BEMTC member Bob Kettering noted, 
"1 think we're of one vision, but there's a 
division in the group about how to 
accomplish the vision." He believes 
exploring options with districts and 
Brethren edu-cational institutions needs 
to be the com-mittee's next step. 

District executives Allen Hansell and 
Warren Eshbach asked how the group 
would relate to district ministry commis- 
sions, which determine the educational 
tracks that qualify candidates for 
licensing and ordination. Committee 
members said they intend to address such 
questions as they flesh out the 
vision. -Don Fitzkee 


Training opportunities in evangelism are 

offered by Beihany Seminary and the Gen- 
eral Board's new .Andrew Center: a grad- 
uate-level course in conjunction with the 
Evangelism Leaders Academy July 1 2- 15 at 
Taylor University. Upland. Ind.; and the 
Wieand evangelism lectures with George G. 
Hunter III. November 1 1 - 1 2 at Bethany 
[contact the Registrar. Bethany Seminary. 
I8W600 Butterfield Rd., Oak Brook. IL 
60521; (708) 620-2200). 

New Windsor Service Center 50th Anni- 
versary, a year of celebration beginning 
October 1 6 during General Board meetings 
in New Windsor, Md., and ending with an 
event September 11,1 994. On September 
6. 1 944. the Brethren Service Commit tee 
purchased the 26 acres of land from Blue 
Ridge College that has become a center for 
service to the world. .A detailed calendar of 
celebration events was to be available at 
Annual Conference. 

National Junior High Sunday in the Church 
of the Brethren. November 7, is an oppor- 
tunity for congregations to include junior 
high youth in leading worship on the theme, 
"Building Bridges" (Eph. 2: 1 3-22). 
Resources will be available by early 
September [contact the Youth Ministry 
Office. 1451 Dundee Ave.. Elgin, IL 
60120; (800)323-8039]. 

July 1993 Messenger 7 


Brethren books translated, 
used around the world 

Books published by Brethren Press or 
written b> Brethren authors are being 
translated and used in Japanese, Ko- 
rean. Spanish, and Hausa. 

Brethren Press editor Julie Garber 
reports that a book by Gordon Ben- 
nett, The New Abolitionists, is being 
translated into Japanese by a publish- 
er in Japan. Mennonites in Colombia 
are translating another Brethren Press 
book. The Fullness of Christ, by John 
Howard Yoder, into Spanish. 

"The Koreans are interested in hav- 
ing these books available," Garber 
said, mentioning several books that 
General Board staff are working on 
translating and publishing in Korean: 
To Follow in Jesus' Steps, by C. 
Wayne Zunkel; Heritage and Prom- 
ise. b\ Emmert Bittinger; Texts in 
Transit, by Gray don Snyder and Ken- 
neth Shaffer; and The Church of the 
Brethren: Yesterday and Today, 
edited by Donald Dumbaugh. 

One book by Church of the Breth- 
ren general secretary' Donald Miller — 
Contemporary Approaches to Chris- 
tian Education — is in use in Korea 
already, and his book on Theological 
Approaches to Christian Education is 
being translated. 

Recent People of the Covenant 
Bible studies also have been translated 
into Spanish by the Christian Church 

Disaster aid given to Cuba, 
Florida, Oklahoma, Ecuador 

The Church of the Brethren Emergency 
Disaster Fund has provided two major 
grants following storms in Cuba and 

A grant of $50,000 has been given in 
response to a severe storm that hit Cuba 
in iMarch. The storm affected ISO.fXK) 
people and caused flooding, damaged 
homes, and destroyed crops. TTie entire 
supply of antibiotics, vaccines, and other 
medicines, as well as blood bank and 
laboratory facilities, were destroyed at 
Havana's Maternity Hospital. The Breth- 

8 Messenger July 1 993 

(Disciples of Christ), a cooperating 
denomination in the program. A 
forthcoming Covenant study is written 
by Marcos Inhauser. a Brazilian guest 
scholar at Bethany Seminary, and will 
be published in Spanish and English. 

Church staff also have formed a 
Spanish publishing committee and are 
considering publishing a pastor's 
manual in Spanish. The Spanish man- 
ual may be done in conjunction with 
other churches of the Anabaptist tra- 
dition. The Spanish publishing com- 
mittee has several other projects under 
consideration at this time. 

The popularity of Galen Hackman's 
two-volume work on the histoiy and 
theology of the Church of the Breth- 
ren, in use by Ekklesiyar Yanuwa a 
Nigeria (EYN — the Church of the 
Brethren in Nigeria) in English and 
Hausa, illustrates the need for Breth- 
ren materials in other languages for 
use around the world, Garber said. 

"The problems of publishing in an- 
other language are many," she added. 
For example. Spanish is difficult be- 
cause many Spanish-speaking coun- 
tries have different usages and 
dialects. "We're interested in accuracy 
of translation, and concerned about 
treaty regulations governing the pro- 
duction and sales of our books abroad, 
and control of copyright. But we're 
willing to work on these obstacles in 
order to share Brethren faith and life 
with anyone who is eager to hear it." 

ren money will help supply medicine, 
powdered milk, and flour, and provide 
recovery assistance to the Eglesia Pen- 
tecostal de Cuba, a sister church. 

The sum of $20,000 has been given for 
recovery in northwest Florida, where 
storms and tornados devastated the 
coastline in March. The grant supports a 
Brethren disaster recovery project in 
Horseshoe Beach and responds to a 
Church World Service appeal. 

Two smaller grants also have been 
given recently: $5,000 responds to needs 
in Oklahoma following tornadoes and 
flooding, and $2,000 has been given fol- 
lowing mud slides in Ecuador. 

The Andrew Center opening 
announced at Conference 

Plans were announced at Annual Con-i 
ference for the opening of the Andrew 
Center, an evangelism resource center 
for individuals and congregations. Thai 
center is sponsored by the General 
Board's Evangelism Ministries office. 

"The center is rooted in biblical 
imagery that links evangelism and dis- 
cipleship together," said Paul Mundey, 
staff for evangelism. "Its namesake, 
Andrew, brings his brother Simon to 
Christ, the Gospel of John records, in t 
context of Jesus' call to discipleship 
(John 1:35-50)." 

While the official opening date will h 
in early 1994. the center will begin 
distributing information and packets thi 

. THE 


The packets will contain further det< 
on the center, a listing of promotional 
meetings with Don Miller scheduled ft 
the fall, and a copy of Steve Clapp's 
book. Plain Talk About Church Growt. 

The Andrew Center is designed to 
work at church expansion through fou 
basic functions: consulting, networkin 
resourcing, and training. 

Consulting assistance will be offeree 
in a number of areas including congre 
tional revitalization, faith sharing, smi 
groups, spiritual gift discovery, and 
strategic planning. 

Regional roundtables. district/judica 
tory sharing events, support retreats fc 
pastors, a leadership exchange newslei 
ter, and gatherings for persons with th 
gift of evangelism will provide networ 
ing possibilities for both congregation 
and individuals. 

TTie center advertises a "smorgasbo 
of programs and resources that may bi 
accessed through a catalogue, or a re- 
source switchboard. 

Training services provided by the d 
ter will include symposiums, ministry 
workbench events, and workshops. 

iting differences with the Church of the Brethren peace posi- 
)n, general secretary Donald Miller has declined to sign a National 
3uncil of Churches statement on the former Yugoslavia because it 
ipports US military action in the area. 

The letter was signed by 18 US church leaders. The paper sup- 
irts US efforts to set goals for direct involvement, but also expresses 
)preciation for the United Nations' efforts to negotiate a peaceful 
ittiement. The statement opposes the use of military air strikes, but 
liys that "the commitment by the United States of a significant con- 
igent of peace-keeping forces to the (United Nations) effort would 
eatly strengthen the hand of the negotiators." 
' Miller did sign a statement calling for calm and reason in the wake 
the World Trade Center bombing. The statement refers to "the 
firmation that every individual is presumed innocent until proven 
iiilty .... An entire ethnic or religious group cannot be held respon- 
,3le for the otherwise unrelated acts of individual group members." 

I Lani Havens, unit director and associate general secretary for 
^lurch World Service and Witness, an agency of the National Council 
) Churches, announced in May that she would not seek renewal of 
'ir contract in September. Havens said her decision was based on a 
:k of organizational clarity for Church World Service in the current 
/ocess of transformation" as the Council faces the need to down- 
':e. CWS works with partners in more than 70 countries around the 
:)rld in relief, mission, development, and refugee assistance. 

A delegation of 10 Cuban Protestant leaders visited 

s US in May . The trip was sponsored by Pastors for Peace, IFCO, 
id the National Council of Churches. "In the past few years, the only 
dge between North American and Cuba has been through the 

A young Indone- 
sian dancer was 
among entertain- 
ers at the New 
Windsor (Md.) Ser- 
vice Center's Inter- 
national Festival 
May 8. This year 
the annual event 
drew 3,000-4,000 
people, who en- 
joyed food, crafts, 
and entertainment 
from around the 
world. The event 
raised awareness 
of global assis- 
tance programs at 
the center. 

churches," said Clara Rodes Gonzales, a member of the delegation 
and co-pastor of Ebenezer Baptist Church in Havana. "We have come 
here on a Christian mission to you for compassion, understanding, 
and faith from the Christian church in Cuba." 

The group is asking for assistance from US churches in ending 
the economic blockade against Cuba. "We've had to deal with it and 
this has affected our relationship with the capitalist countries, but 
we've learned to live with it. With the fall of socialism, we feel the 
blockade more now, and feel it is unjust," Gonzales said. 

nneys take executive 
ssition in Indiana 

jnald and Harriet Finney will begin 
Iptember 1 as co-e.xecutives for South/ 
■ntral Indiana District. Ronald Finney 
|S served Northern Indiana District as 
iSociate executive since 1983. and 
irriet Finney has served as pastor of 
^i Plymouth (Ind.) Church of the 

Ronald and Harriet Finne\ 

Brethren Volunteer Service (BVS) Unit 206 held orientation in La Feria. Texas. 

April I8-lVIay 8. Members are (front row) Ulrich Meltzer; (second row) Jay Dell. 
Timothy Strycker. June Bayard. Thomas Cunningham. David High: (third row) Kelly 
Poff. Patricia Pyle, Heather Rischar. Deanna McCrary. Tammy Krause Riddle (orienta- 
tion coordinator). Barbara Sayler (orientation assistant), Pascal Centner; (fourth row) 
Annette Hyder, Clare Crawford, Angela Hardy. 

July 1993 Messengers 

by Robin 
Wentworth Mayer 

Stepping Stones is a column offering 
suggestions, perspectives, and 
opinions—snapshots of life — that we 
hope are helpful to readers in their 
Christian journey. As the writer said 
in her first installment. "Remember, 
when it comes to managing life's 
difficulties, we don't need to walk on 
water. We just need to learn where 
the stepping stones are." 


I have just returned from a 
honeymoon on the Gulf 
Coast. And, typical tourists, 
my honey and I combed the 
beach daily for shells. 

I had not realized before 
that the vast majority of 
shells washed up on the 
beach are already broken. So 
what started out as "Let's 
take something home to the 
kids" evolved into a quest for 

We didn't want just any 
shells; we were looking for 
big, clean, beautiful shells 
like those sold in souvenir 
shops. So we found ourselves 
bending, crawling, digging, 
and diving — anything to find 
the perfect shell, the Holy 
Grail, the pearl of great 

We ended up with aching 
backs, broken fingernails, 
skinned knees, and sun- 
burned shoulders, but not one 
perfect shell of any size. 

Something more important 
happened during the process, 
though. Sifting through the 
sands forced me to notice the 
less-than-perfect shells. 
Imperfections ceased to be a 
point of disqualification as 
I felt myself increasingly 
drawn toward the broken 
shells that were colorful and 

TTiose are the very same 
qualities that attract me to 
people. Shells are not 
geological accidents, but 
rather they are the remains of 
what once were living 
beings. Consequently, their 
brokenness stands as a 
tangible testimony giving 

clues to their history. Like 

The rich, true, colors spoke 
to me of life more abundant 
(John 10:10). The irresistible 
iridescence reminded me of 
the light of the knowledge of 
the glory of God in the face 
of Jesus Christ (2 Cor. 4:6). 
And the contrast between 
the outer, mud-colored 
roughness and the inner, 
mother-of-pearl smoothness 
underscored the eternal 
tragedy of judging another by 
outward appearance, for the 
Lord looks on the heart 
(1 Sam. 16:7). 

Once I discarded perfec- 
tion as a criterion for 
acceptance, 1 began to see all 
kinds of beauty in broken 
shells. So with even greater 
ambition than I had had in 
scrounging for perfect shells, 
I began adopting broken 
shells — big broken shells, 
little broken shells, many 
broken shells. In my transi- 
tion of perception, the 
brokenness came to add to, 
rather than detract from, 
the value of the shells. Like 

The dilemma we faced 
upon returning from our 
honeymoon with bags full of 
memories was figuring out 
what to do with them. So, 
like good tourists, we bought 
one of those "designer" lamp 
kits with a clear glass base. 
The white sands of St. 
Andrews State Park cushion 
the bottom, and the rest is 
filled with broken shells from 
the beaches of Panama City. 
I doubt that you will ever see 

one featured in Better Homes 
and Gardens, but we like it. 
The colors coordinate with 
our house decor, and the 
shapes add definition and 

But something even more 
important happened as we 
filled up the body of the lamp 
with the shells. 

When the shells are 
nestled together in a group, 
you no longer can tell that 
they are broken. They fit up 
against each other like 
interlocking pieces of a 
jigsaw puzzle. This one's 
jagged edge is covered by 
that one's scalloped edge. 
The hole in one shell is filled 
by a glint of color from the 
one behind it. Two missing 
pieces, side by side, graft 
together into one coordinat- 
ing whole. 

So when we look at our 
lamp, instead of seeing a jar 
full of broken shells, we see a 
colorful, cooperating collage 
of a complete community. 
Like people. 

If I had insisted upon 
perfection, I would have 
come away from the seashore 
empty. Instead, I have a 
visible symbol of an invisible 
grace, a vivid image of 
how broken people come 
together enhancing each 
other's strengths and 
compensating for each 
other's weaknesses to 
provide light to a 
hurting world. 

Robin Wentworth Mayer is a 
therapist from Nappanee. Ind. She is 
pastor of Pleasant Valley Church of 
the Brethren, Middleburv, Ind. 


10 Messenger July 1993 

lurricane Andrew swept viciously 
id relentlessly across the southern tip of 
orida last summer. The devastation 
as widespread and terrible. For too 
any people, it was overwhelming, 
lere was an immeasurable impact on 
ousands of people, not the least of 

horn were the children. 

* * * 

He was about six years old, and he had 
St finished painting a picture. 
"Tell me about it," 1 said. 
"TTiat's my house." 
"And that's the window of your 

|"'What"s this, a tree?" I asked as I 
nnted to a brown object resembling the 
ape of a tree. 
"That's the hurricane." 
""Did it break your house?" 

"That's good." 

* * * 

"Would you like me to read you The 
It in the HatT I asked the four-year- 

'd girl. 
"Yes," she said as she snuggled onto 

;y lap. 

I began. "The sun did not shine." 
She interrupted me. 

'That's the house. That's the children. 
'lat's the tree. And the wind blew it all 
-ay, " this last with emphasis. 

He was four years old and he was 
irified because his mother had just left 

II alone. It was only for the time it 
\)uld take to speak to disaster officials 
iout hurricane relief. It was a safe place 
I be. a big room, with lots of interesting 
I ngs to do, and kind, big people for 

1 e and protection. But he had just lived 
I ough Hurricane Andrew and he was 
I rified by the thought of losing his 

rheda sat by the door, holding him 
Mile he cried. All the efforts she made 
I entice him into playing only resulted 
i louder crying. He would not go away 
1 m the door. After about 10 minutes of 
I i, with no predetermined results in 

mind, I took the bubble bottle and pulled 
up a chair nearby, just close enough for 
the bubbles I blew to come into his line 
of vision. He saw the first ones and 
stopped crying. Then, with Theda's 
encouragement, he began trying to pop 
them. Soon he was off her lap, chasing 
them. After some minutes of this, he 
found his way to the Play-Doh table, 
where he happily spent most of the four 
hours that he waited for his mother to 
return. He occasionally tried other 
activities, but always came back to the 
Play-Doh. From time to time, he asked 
about his mother and was satisfied with 
the answer "She's coming back as soon 

as she's finished talking to the people." 

* * * 

He was seven, playing quietly with the 
Play-Doh across the table from me. 
Suddenly he hit himself on the side of 
the head. 

"Why did you do that?" I asked him. 

"Because I have a headache." 

"Does hitting your head make it feel 


"How long have you had it?" 

"Since the hurricane." 

1 left him and spoke to our leader for 
the day, who then spoke to the Red Cross 
mental health nurse. The nurse came and 
talked to him for a long time about the 
hurricane, then asked him to bring his 
mother to meet her when she came back 
for him. When the mother came back she 
did go with her son to talk to the nurse. 

These are only four of dozens of stories 
that anyone among us Cooperative 
Disaster Child Caregivers could tell. 
More than 100 of these volunteers cared 
for some 5,200 young victims of Hurri- 
cane Andrew. It was for the children 
suffering the effects of such a major 
disaster that 1 was in Florida's southern 
Dade County for 12 days. It is for those 
who will suffer from future disasters that 
I will not hesitate to go back. I am not 
alone in this desire. 

So often the children are lost in the 
aftermath of a disaster such as a hurri- 




by Elizabeth Cutting 

cane or tornado. The grown-ups are 
themselves traumatized. In dealing with 
their own losses and grief, in meeting the 
barest physical needs of the family, and 
in the resultant emotional vulnerability, 
they often are not able to meet the 
emotional needs of their children. Adults 
tend to minimize their children's losses 
in light of the bigger ones of the house- 

It is easy to understand parents whose 
house has just blown away taking lightly 
the child who says what three brothers 
told me: "We had Ninja Turtle posters. 
Michaelangelo and Donatelo and 
Leonardo and Rafael just flew away. 
They were very sad." Of course the house 
is more important than the posters, but 
the feelings of the child are important, 
and need to be understood. If they are 

July 1993 Messenger 11 

For one lonely, hurting child, Theda Stunlz, a Brethren caregiver from Scottsdale, 
Ariz., provided the cuddling needed to deal with hurricane stress. One little boy 
kept hitting his head, saying he had a headache ever since the storm. Other 
children found pleasant distractions in chasing bubbles blown by Elizabeth Cutting. 

ignored or ridiculed, the healing is 
longer in coming. 

This is not to say that the parents don't 
care and do not try to help their children, 
but the many post-disaster tasks to meet 
basic needs are overwhelming and have 
to be undertaken when the victims are 
already emotionally and physically 
bruised. The child who has an objective, 
loving person to whom it is possible to 
talk freely is fortunate. That is why we 
were in Miami. 

Children have many different ways of 
reacting to disaster. Some become afraid 
to be alone. Mothers told us about 
children who wouldn't sleep in their own 
room, or couldn't bear to be out of their 
parents' sight. 

Some children revert to younger child 
behavior. We had a nine-year-old boy 
who messed in his pants. We kept 
changing babies' diapers that didn't need 

1 2 Messenger July 1993 

changing until we realized, as the boy 
was leaving, who really needed to be 

Some children become angry. We had 
a three-year-old girl who was so angry 
that she grabbed other little children 
around the neck, knocked over furniture, 
looked around for destructive things to 
do (and did them) until all at once she 
began to cry. The nearest worker picked 
up the distraught child and cuddled her 
until her mother came. 

Some children become silent. I shall 
never forget two sisters, one about six, 
the other seven, who came into the room, 
played with first one thing and then 
another, and caused absolutely no 
trouble. But they spoke not one word for 
the entire two hours they were there. 

Some children, such as the boy with a 
headache, have symptoms of illness. 

Some children wonder anxiously if the 

disaster will recur. Whenever it thun- 
dered, and it did almost every day, the 
children were instantly attentive. "Is it i 
hurricane?" someone would ask. 

Cooperative Disaster Child Care is a 
World Ministries program of the Churc 
of the Brethren. It began in 1979 after 
disaster relief director Jan Thompson, 
working at a Red Cross site following a 
disaster, observed the angry, frightened 
boys and girls waiting in long lines witl 
their parents, who were applying for 
disaster assistance and paying no 
attention to their children. 

The child care centers, operated in 
cooperation with Red Cross and/or 
FEMA (Federal Emergency Manageme 
Agency) centers, provide a place for 
children to play, free from long lines ar 
sweltering heat. They make available 
caring adults, who are there to comfort 
the children, to encourage them to 
express their feelings about the disaster 
and to help the parents understand thei 
children's hurt. Caregivers are present 
for reassurance during the temporary 
absence of parents. 

The centers provide a place for the 
children to eat. Meals are missed when 
people wait in lines or spend hours witl 
agency personnel. The nutritious snack 
that the centers provide are furnished b 
the food industry and distributed by the 
Red Cross. 

The centers have a place to sleep. 
Many of the children are exhausted. 
They aren't sleeping well because they 
aren't in familiar situations, or there ai 
too many people in a room, or even a 
bed, or they have to get up early to go 
with their parents on the quest for help 
which can take not just hours, but days 

The Church of the Brethren is the 
parent organization, but Cooperative 
Disaster Child Care is supported in oni 
way or another by 12 other denomina- 
tions or organizations. Like other 
programs such as Heifer Project, whati 
began as a Brethren program proved ii 
worth and expanded into the ecumenic 
world. Like Jesus in a crowd of needy 
adults, the Brethren reached out and 
took the children in their arms. 


Elizahelh Cullini' is a freelance writer from 
Tucson, Ariz. 


Preach the Word 

Do you ever find yourself hungry for some good 'Bible 

preaching,' something to really ponder, something to really 

help you along life's way? If your pastor is going to 'preach 

the word/ these eight principles need to be applied. 

y Ray Hileman 

ve Urkel, the super-nerdy character 
I the TV sitcom. "Family Matters." 
I allenged an obnoxious jock on one 
lisode to a "battle of the wits." Then he 
Mckiy reneged, explaming to the jock. 
'.fter all. you are unarmed!" 

The church is becoming increasingly 
'narmed" for its ministry and its 
Sirituai warfare. Biblical knowledge, 
isn in elementar>' things, is on the 
line. Bob Kettering, associate executive 
( Atlantic Northeast District of the 
( urch of the Brethren, gave statistics at 
1' Evangelical Leader's Breakfast at 
It year's Annual Conference that 
S)uld alarm us all. He said that more 
t,n ha\f of church-goini; people cannot 
I ne all four Gospel writers, quote all 

n Commandments, or say who 
[•ached the Sermon on the Mount. In 
i age where the dominant world view is 
It of secularism, we cannot afford to 
!id flavorless salt and dim light out into 
S culture. We must be able to proclaim 
li gospel intelligently and convincingly 
lithe 21st century. 
ijfVhile it is certainly true that the 
I mate goal of biblical knowledge is 

tidience and love for God, there must 
t be knowledge, lest we try to minister 
j he world with our feet in midair. 
' er all, we need to know whom and 

what to obey if we are truly to obey and 
serve God. 

Christian education, small-group 
ministry, and discipling classes are all 
fronts upon which we can fight this 
battle. But central to this renewal of 
biblical thinking in a secular world has 
to be a renaissance of solid biblical 
exposition in our pulpits. 

In Nehemiah 8. the people of Israel 
gathered in the square of Jerusalem 
following the rebuilding of the city walls 
in an astounding 52 days under Nehe- 
miah's leadership. It was time to hear 
the Torah again and to renew the cove- 
nant with the Lord. Ezra the scribe and a 
number of Levites "read from the book, 
from the law of God. with interpretation. 
They gave the sense, so that the people 
understood the reading" (Neh. 8:8). 

Xn Ecclesiastes 12, the preacher speaks 
of giving the people knowledge, making 
the presentation interesting by being 
well-organized, thoughtful, and plain. 
Then he speaks of application, using 
words as goads or as firmly fixed nails. 
The meaning seems clear: Instruct. 
Don't be boring. Speak plainly. And 
drive the truth home. (Eccl. 12:9-11) 
Paul's last charge to Timothy as he 
passed on the torch of ministry was 
"proclaim the message." Timothy was to 

do this with passion, courage, and 
patience. And teaching was to accom- 
pany the preaching. (2 Tim. 4:1-2) 

Good biblical exposition that feeds, 
challenges, and equips the saints 
depends on eight principles. 

Expository preaching must be 
submissive to God's word. 

We have the task of interpreting the 
Bible, but, at the same time, we seek to 
interpret the Bible so that it may, in turn, 
interpret us — transforming, judging, and 
correcting us. Away with the arrogance 
of seeking to explain away passages 
that make us uncomfortable. The Bible 
is not a wax nose, to be conformed to 
our preferences. Let God speak through 
the Word. 

At the 1986 Congress on Biblical 
Exposition, in Anaheim. Calif., John 
R.W. Stott said. "We need today the 
same determination to stick to the Word 
of God. and the same renunciation of 
human speculations. But mind you. if we 
are honest with one another, we rather 
like to ventilate our own opinions, 
especially if they are rather clever and 
rather trendy and maybe rather original. 
But the pulpit is no place for exhibition- 
ism. Our calling is to say what God has 
said, not what we might prefer to say and 
not what our people might like us to say. 
The very first ingredient in the biblical 

July 1993 Messenger 13 

expositor's humility is a resolve to stick 
to the Bible." This call is especially for 
the sisters and brothers who preach. 

Expository preaching must stem 
from the chosen text. 

Maybe you do not feel the frustration that 
1 do at times when 1 hear a text read in 
worship, and there follows an address or 
a speech that barely relates to the text . . . 
if it does at all. Walter Kaiser of Trinity 
Evangelical Divinity School, defines 
expository preaching as "that method 
which springs from the text itself, in 
which both the form and the content of 
the message are suggested by the 
passage." I often preach through books 
of the Bible. This method is a great help 
in avoiding the common pitfalls of proof- 
texting and riding hobbyhorses and 
soapboxes. TTie lectionary also can be 
used expositorily to great effect. 

A few years ago, I preached through 
the book of 1 Corinthians over the course 
of 18 months, with breaks in between to 
address other topics. During that time, I 
could not avoid difficult subjects such as 
church discipline, going to court, 
marriage and divorce, singleness, 
communion, prayer coverings, women in 
ministry, and speaking in tongues. But it 
was a growth experience both for myself 
and for the congregation. Our calling is 
to preach and teach "the whole purpose 
of God"(Acts 20:27). including the 77.2 
percent of the Bible we know as the Old 

Expository preaching must teach. 

Preaching and teaching go together. The 
early church "did not cease to teach and 
proclaim Jesus as the Messiah"(Acts 
5:42). Paul instructed Timothy to give 
himself to the "public reading of scrip- 
ture, to exhorting, to teaching" (1 Tim. 

14 Messenger July 1993 

People desei^e better 

than to be given 

'Saturday night 

specials by 

preachers who use 

Matthew 10:19-20 as 

an excuse to 'shoot 

from the lip' as they 

stand in the pulpit 

totally unprepared. 

4:13), and he speaks of the elders "who 
labor in preaching and teaching" ( 1 Tim. 
5:17). His charge to Timothy to "pro- 
claim the message" includes the idea of 
"careful instruction" (2 Tim. 4:2). 

Teaching is not relegated to Sunday 
school. Many congregations have 
significant numbers of people who do not 
attend Sunday school or additional 
weekly Bible studies. They have chosen, 
for now, to live on a meager diet. 
Preachers must not exacerbate the 
problem by giving spiritually shallow 
sermons. Some provision of biblical, 
historical, and cultural information, 
some discussion of theological and 
philosophical issues will not hurt anyone 
if presented in an interesting style. Jesus 
wants his lambs to be fed and his sheep 
to be tended. (John 21:15-17) 

Expository preaching must 
accurately interpret the text. 

Some people are turned off by an over 
emphasis on the preacher's education 
and degrees. But the solution is not to go 

to the other extreme. There is no room 
for laziness in the study or in the pulpii 
Preachers must manage their time and 
schedules, make a financial investmeni 
in resource books, and take the hours ' 
needed to do solid exegesis. People 
deserve better than to be given "Saturd. 
night specials" by preachers who use ' 
Matthew 10:19-20 as an excuse to "she 
from the lip" as they stand in the pulpi 
totally unprepared. The Holy Spirit is 
just as present in the planning of one'sl 
preaching calendar, in the note-taking,; 
in the cross-referencing, and formulati! 
of the sermon as it is in the delivery of 
the sermon. In fact, the Spirit will be 
more powerfully with you in the delive 
if you have first allowed it to walk witf 
you through the other steps. 

Expository preaching must intere 

Care should be taken to grab the listen 
ers' attention with the introduction. Till 
any number of means may be used to ' 
sustain interest — drama, visual aids, 
sermon outlines, dialog, and more. As 
long as preachers are true to the text a 
are helping people to apply the text, th 
can be creative and flexible in how the 
present it. Some of the greatest sermor 
are remembered for a recurring phrase 
word that has found a way into our 
minds and hearts. J.B. Phillips, a 
translator of the New Testament, said, 
"If words are to enter men's hearts am 
bear fruit, they must be the right word 
shaped to pass defenses and explode 
silently and effectually within the min 
After our moderator's address at the 
1992 Annual Conference, my 13-year- 
old son complained, "Gee, Dad, all 
she kept saying was 'we're moving 
again! We're pilgrim people.'" 
I replied, "But, if you are ever asked 
what her main point was, you'll 

know the answer, won't you?" 

Expository preaching must 
encourage and exhort. 

' Both ideas are present in the word 
parakaleo — comfort and challenge. A 
I steady diet of one or the other will not 
help the flock. They need dessert, but 
they also need vegetables, even "bitter 
I herbs." Still, sensitivity and timing are 
'essential. Yes. preachers challenge with 
calls to commitment, to courage, to 
iwork. But. they also need to remind 
ipeople of the joy of their salvation and of 
Christ's comforting presence. As Haddon 
jRobinson says. "There is a way of 
,exhorting God's people in which you end 
|Up scolding them. Sometime in your 
exhortation, for God's sake and for their 
sake, catch them doing something right 
Irather than always telling them what 
jthey are doing wrong. Sometimes give 
them a sense of awe rather than a sense 
of ought." Joseph Parker, a Congrega- 
itionalist preacher of the 19th century, 
said. "Preach to suffering people, and 
jyou will never lack for a congregation. 
iFhere is a broken heart for every pew." 

Expository preaching must be 
applied to people's lives. 

\ verse-by-verse explanation of a 
'massage is not what 1 have in mind. The 
ask is to bridge the gap between what 
, he text meant when it was written and 
vhat it means for us now. Eloquence in 
elling the story won't cut it unless 
, people are told what to do with what 
, hey've heard. Not generally, but 
. pecifically. Howard Hendricks has said 
a preachers. "How can you tell when 
ou've arrived when you never know 
I'here you are going? So this is why you 
o to church and you watch the pastor 
ircle the field, looking for a runway! 

How can you tell 

when you've arrived 

when you never know 

where you are going? 

So this is why 

you go to church 

and you watch the 

pastor circle 
the field, looking 
for the runway! 

This is why they often finish the message 
with. "May the Lord bless this truth to 
your hearts!" Which, being interpreted, 
means, T don't have a due as to what 
this means.'" People need goals and 
manageable objectives. The application 
will depend on the theme of the message. 
The response may be humble worship, 
confession and repentance, trusting faith, 
determination to obey, or compassionate 
service to a hurting world. 

Expository preaching 
must call for decision. 

More than once, people have told me 
they were ready to respond to a message, 
but they were given no opportunity. 
Appropriate response vehicles would 
certainly include, but not be limited to. 
an altar call for rededication or an 
opportunity for a public declaration of 
faith to Christ. It might be a hymn of 
worship, an offering, a special time of 
prayer. We need not be locked into the 
"hymn sandwich" method (hymn, 
sandwich, hymn), which characterizes 

free-church liturgy. But let us not leave 
them dangling. Give opportunity for 
response. Preaching is designed to call 
forth decision. As on the day of Pente- 
cost, people are seeking to know. What 
shall we do (Acts 2:37)? 

Expository preaching involves balance, 
passion, labor, integrity, and faithful- 
ness. This is not an easy task, but it is the 
primary task. Preachers unleash other 
persons in the church to share the load of 
visitation, counseling, and administra- 
tion if these things are eating into their 
time of sermon preparation. Preachers 
should devote themselves, as the apostles 
did, to prayer and to serving the Word 
(Acts 6:3-4). 

At the same Congress on Biblical 
Exposition to which 1 referred earlier. 
Chuck Swindoll said these potent words, 
reminding us once more of the problem 
we face today in the church, and of an 
important part of the solution: "Most 
people do not know their Bibles. Many 
people in my church will not have a 
Bible open between the time 1 spoke to 
them last and the next time I speak to 
them. 1 don't like that. 1 don't encourage 
that. I don't believe in that. But that's 
true. More than you would believe are 
not in the Scriptures. We become, for 
them, a voice in the wilderness . . . they 
are in the fog of moral disarray and 
neutrality, and they stumble into a place 
of worship to hear a clear word from 
God, an absolute statement of truth they 
will not hear from any other source." 

Plan carefully what you will say. Say it 
well. Say it with passion. Drive it home. 
May God use the pulpit of our beloved 
church for the transformation of 
His people. 


Ray Hilcnuin is pastor of the Ashland lOhio). 
Dickey Church of the Brcihrcn 

July 1^93 Me.ssencer 15 

Drawn together in love 

'The extent to which we face the challenges of our time is 

measured by the extent to which we are filled with courage. 

The degree of diversity we tolerate is measured by the degree 

to which we are drawn together in love J 

by Donald E. Miller 

The apostle Paul prayed for the early 
church at Colossae and Laodicea and 
"the many who have not seen (his) face, 
that the> might be tilled with courage 
and drawn together in love through the 
knowledge of the myster\' of God 
revealed in Jesus Christ. That 
prayer for the many who had 
not seen the apostle's face is as 
fitting for us today as it was in 
the tlrst century. 

TTie extent to which we face 
the challenges of our time is 
measured by the extent to 
which we are filled with 
courage. The degree of diver- 
sity we tolerate is measured by 
the degree to which we are 
drawn together in love. As in 
Paul's day. the courage and 
love come through the knowl- 
edge of the mystery of God 
revealed in Jesus Christ as the 
source of our life as a people. 

The report of the Church of 
the Brethren General Board 
that appears as an insert in this 
.Messenger points to the ways 
that courage and love are evident in our 
midst through the spirit of Christ. The 
church is moving decisively in the 
direction set by the Goals for the 'QOs. As 
adopted by the 1988 Annual Conference, 
the goals are: spiritual renewal and 
ministry, family and youth, evangelism 
and witness, scripture and heritage, 
service and peace. TTie goals were 
created by the people of our congrega- 
tions as they responded to the question, 
"Where is the Spirit leading the Church 
of the Brethren in the 1990s?" 

Central to the Goals for the '90s is the 
call for evangelism. Nearly everyone in 
the church is awakening to the realiza- 
tion that the gospel impels us to be 

16 Messenger July 1993 

evangelistic. Our natural reluctance, 
reinforced by the New Testament 
teaching about love and humility, tends 
to restrain us. But the spirit of Christ will 
not let us go. We must be filled with 
courage as well as drawn together in 
love; we must share our faith in Christ 
with others. 

While Dan Kim (left) and Don Miller (center) were 

introducing the Church of the Brethren in Kwangju, South 

Korea, the general secretary presented copies of books he 

has authored to professor Young-Tae Kim. 

The Passing on the Promise program 
in evangelism had been used by many 
congregations across the church. On the 
average, worship attendance in these 
congregations has increased by 10 
percent. Encouraged by this effort, we 
now are creating a center for evangelism 
that will offer resources and other 
assistance to congregations that want 
to grow. 

The center has gathered groups of 
pastors to consider the disciplines of 
spiritual renewal and to hear one 
another's accounts of congregational 
growth. The call for evangelism is taking 
shape. I believe our ventures in evange- 
lism will draw us together in love and fill 

us anew with courage. 

The Goals for the '90s call for a new 
sense of mission. David Radcliff and 1 
visited Korea this spring. We spent 10 
days with Dan Kim, who has returned to 
his native Korea to help us establish the 
Church of the Brethren there. We met 
pastors from many different denomina- 
tions. Most showed a keen 
interest in the Church of the 
Brethren, especially our 
understanding of God's call to 
be peacemakers. 

We learned to take off our 
shoes as we entered homes and 
churches. We were delighted 
by the Korean staple food, 
kimchi. We were impressed to 
find that Christians often have 
all-night prayer meetings. We 
met a young militarv' man in ai 
bus station, who, after an I 

hour's conversation about the f 
Church of the Brethren, 
declared that he wanted to joir 
There is a new sense of I 
mission arising in the Church 
of the Brethren. It is found in j 
Brazil and the Dominican I 
Republic as well as in Korea. 1' 
is akin to the remarkable spirit of 
mission alive in EYN (Church of the 
Brethren in Nigeria), where membershi; 
last year grew by an astounding 18 
percent. , 

The Goals for the ■90s are taking ij 
shape in many specific activities beyonc| 
what 1 have just mentioned. You can 
get glimpses of them in the General 
Board report. 

The apostle Paul's prayer to the early 
church reaches out to us to be "filled wi 
courage" and "drawn together in love." 
Look and see prayer being 
answered in our midst. 

Donald E Miller is general secretary of the 
Church of the Brethren. 




Church of the Brethren General Board 1993 Annual Report 


Courage, unity, love: essentials in the work of ministry 

In writing to the 

^ ^^ ^^ early churches, 

I the apostle Paul 

expressed the longing that Chris- 
tians "be filled witli courage" 
and "drawn together in love" 
(Col. 2:2 TEVX These same 
qualities, boldness and unity, are 
no less crucial for the Church of 
the Brethren and its Goals for 
the '90s than for the Colossian 
church to whom Paul wrote. 

New heart, new spirit 

The prophet Ezekiel, clipboard 
in hand, appeared at tlie 1992 
Annual Conference to reiterate 
the message of "a new heart and 
a new spirit" for God's people. 
His word of hope was directed to 
those not on spiritual mountain- 
tops but in the trenches of life. 
Ezekiel, who was played by 
Andrew Wright, was supported 
in the Richmond presentation by 
a cast of 30. The group re- 
counted stories of God's re- 
newing and empowering work 
through the church today. 

Transforming lives 

A foremost tool of transfor- 
mation is People of the Cove- 
nant. Eor 30 weeks a year this 
program enlists 300 small 
groups in Bible study, personal 
sharing, and prayer. The fall of 
1993 marks 10 years for People 
of the Covenant groups. The 

program now engages 
2,500 Brethren 
and 8.000 mem- 
bers of the 
Christian Church 
(Disciples of Christ). 

In addition, 13 
Bible study units in 
the Covenant series 
have been published by 
Brethren Press for the 
general religious trade. 
I'our new Covenant studies 
were produced in 1992. 

Ezekiel comes to Richmond: 
hope for those in the trenches 

Phil Grout 

Covenant staff Suzanne Martin (Dis- 
ciples) and June Gibble (Brethren) 

The life of the Spirit 

In a further quest for spiritual 
renewal. General Board Chair- 
man David Wine and General 
Secretary Donald Miller invited 
the church at large to join in 
spiritual disciplines. Bible 
reading, and common prayer. 

The 1993 publication of the 
manual For All Wio Minister en- 
riches worship planning. The 
manual augments Hymnal: A 
Worship Book, which has had a 
phenomenal reception. 

The newsletter Agenda lifts up 
local, national, and global prayer 
concerns. The worship resource 
Living Waters and the Living 
Word Bulletins similarly assist in 
nurturing devotional life. 

Calling and training 

While the ministry training 
programs TRIM and EFSM en- 
roll an all-time high of 60 
students, calling and equipping a 
sufficient number of pastors 
remains a major challenge. 

The newly formed Bethany 
Academy for Ministry Training is 
expanding the network of cer- 
tificate programs and of con- 
tinuing education opportunities. 


Redeeming relationships in the household of God 


The Goals for 
the '90s urge 
youth and 

young adults to become active in 
the church's life and witness. 

Junior high ministry 

For junior highs, 1992 saw the 
launching of the quarterly news- 
sheet Ideas; sponsoring of a 
workshop for 130 adult leaders; 
and planning of the first junior 
high workcamps. 

Senior high ministry 

For senior highs, the Christian 
Citizenship Seminar helped 80 
participants examine the quin- 
centenary from the vantage point 
of Native Americans. The 
Youth Peace Travel Team 
visited 6 youth camps; a national 
Youth Peace Camp was con- 
vened at Shepherd's Spring in 
Maryland; over 200 youth par- 
ticipated in workcamps 

fercnt locations; the Youth to 
Youth program was extended to 
3 new districts; and youth theme 
materials and devotional booklets 
were created and distributed. 

Young adult ministry 

For young adults, activities 
included seminars on Young 
Adult Ministry in five districts 
and at the Evangelism Acade- 
mies; the annual Thanksgiving 
weekend conference at Camp 
Swatara in Pennsylvania; and 
circulation of the newsletter 
Bridge to 2,500 yoimg adults. 

Family life ministry 

With/flm//v redefined to 
include single parents and 
blended families as well as the 
nuclear family, a volunteer staff 
team relaunched a family minis- 
try program that included pub- 


While the big event for Brethren 
youth is next summer's National 
Youth Conference in Colorado, this 
year's event of note is the Ecu- 
menical Global Gathering of Youth 
and Students (EGGYS) in Brazil in 
July. Zandra Wagoner, 1993 
Bethany Seminary graduate, is one 
of six US delegates. 

The cover of this report is the 
symbol for EGGYS. Designed by 
Liliana Gutierrez of Ecuador, the art 
is used with permission of the World 
Council of Churches. 

lishing resources, leading wor- 
ship, identifying needs, and 
working with congregations and 
districts. New staff will 
strengthen the network of leaders 
on marriage and family issues. 

Peace travel Team 1992 

(from left): Darin 

Keith Bowman. 

Chris Forney, 

Erin Kremer. 




A nezo center for evangelism; new points of mission at home and abroad 

WtK jKl^m '^^^ Brethren 

^^^Z calling is to wit- 
^*^^ I ness in vsord 
and deed, to seek persons who do 
not know Christ, and to be in 
world mission "in Christ's way." 

The Andrew Center 

To assist in these tasks the 
Genera] Board is establishing the 
Andrew Center, offering consult- 
ing, networking, resourcing, and 
training in evangelism and 
congregational growth. 

Further, the center enables 
outreach efforts aimed at "telling 
the Good News with such 
intentionaJity that people make a 
life-changing connection with 
Jesus Christ in a Church of the 
Brethren context, and re- 
main there to carry on this new 
way of life in vital community." 

Study and training 

Evangelism Academies con- 
tinue to grow; last year's regis- 

tration at six locations totaled 
1,500 p;irticipiuus. The ChristiaJi 
Church (DLsciples of Christ) has 
signed on as a full partner, as had 
the General Conference Menno- 
nile Church, tlic Mennonite 
Church, and the Brethren Church 
(Ashland, Ohio) earlier. 

Nine years of Passing On the 
Promise experiences in congre- 
gations are summed up in 
Promising Results, a new book by 
Steve Clapp. Four titles have 
been published by Brethren Press 
in the Evangelism Study Series. 

'Seeker' ministry 

For Brethren, one of the newest 
approaches to church develop- 
ment is being used by the 
Waterford Community Church 
near Goshen, Ind. The effort, 
served by the pastoral team of 
Mike Overpeck, Tim Bartholo- 
mew, and Ken Swank, and backed 
by the Northern Indiana District 
and the General Board, appeals 

Cheri Rieman 

especially to families and in- 
dividuals unfamiliar with the 
language and traditions of the 

Using carefully crafted con- 
temporary media in worship, the 
Waterford model strives to reach 
both "seekers" and "believers" 
through an environment that is 
affirming and non-threatening. 
Within six months the attendance 
at Waterford 's Saturday evening 
service averaged 137. 

Other US projects 

Ten other new church projects 
were launched in 1992 — in Ar- 
kansas, Colorado, Delaware, 
Florida, New York, Pennsylvania, 
and Puerto Rico. Of the 30 
projecLs begun this decade, 13 are 
predominantly Anglo, 10 His- 
panic, 5 Korean, 1 African Ameri- 
can, and I Haitian. 

One of the most enthusiastic 
groups is the Miami Haitian 
Fellowship, where new members 
are baptized in the Atlantic 
Ocean by Pastor Ludovic St. 
Fleur. For Haitians who took 

Waterford "seeker" model: An 
environment friendly to the unchurched 

Abe Wiebe 

Dawning of a new life: Members of the Haitian Fellowship in Miatni are baptized in llw Atlantic Ocean 

Joan Deeter 

great risks in crossing these 
same Atlantic waters, baptism 
indeed signifies new life, new 
birth, new beginnings. 

Still another distinct model of 
church development is Faith 
Community Church, formed at 
Brethren Village retirement 
home in Southern Pennsylvania. 
The church has 129 members. 


Early this year 6 of the 32 
members of Brazil's new Igreja 
da Irmandade (Tanker) were 
anointed as ministry candidates. 
The group will study through the 
TRaining in Ministry program. 

The church is looking for land 
on which to build a meeting- 
house. A joint Bethany Semi- 
nary and Manchester College 
study group visited the new 
church in January. 

Dominican Republic 

In the second assembly of 
Iglesia de los Hemianos in Janu- 
ary, three new congregations 

were recognized, 105 baptisms 
were reported from last year, and 
245 persons were listed as pre- 
paring for baptism this year. 
Fausto Carrasco, Guiilermo En- 
camacion, Estella Homing, and 
Jorge Rivera worked in a training 
program for 8 licensed ministers. 

Korean ministries 

As field director of overseas 
Korean Ministries, Dan Kim in 
his opening months in Seoul 
introduced tJie Church of the 
Brethren in Korea and identified 
potential coworkers. 

Joon Su Gang, Granada Hills, 
Calif, was named consultant for 
stateside Korean ministries. 


Remarkable gains in member- 
ship continue in Ekklesiyar 
Yan'uwa a Nigeria, the Church 
of the Brethren in Nigeria, which 
added 13,000 new members last 
year, up 18 percent. Thirty-four 
new congregations were recog- 
nized, bringing the EYN total to 
215. New work was extended to 
the southern port city of Lagos. 
In another way the past year 
has been a difficult one for EYN, 
through the death of two general 
secretaries and one other promi- 
nent leader in car accidents. 

Partners elsewhere 

Brethren join in witness with 
denominations and conciliar agen- 
cies in Asia, the Caribbean, Latin 
and Central America, Europe, the 
Middle East, South Africa, Cuba, 
El Salvador, Nicaragua, India, 
Sudan, and the USA. 

Mission in the land wltere rice reigns: 
Dan Kim ponders the possibilities 

David Radcliff 


Searching the scriptures and letting the scriptures search us 


WtK^I^M Through the 
^ ^^^J ^ Goals for the 
^^^^ I '905. Brethren 
''diligently and prayerfully" 
aspire to search the scriptures 
and to let "the scriptures search 
our lives." They seek further 
"to celebrate Brethren identity 
as informed by the scriptures." 

Jubilee: God's Good News 

Under major development is a 
totally new children's curricu- 
lum, "Jubilee: God's Good 
News." To be introduced in the 
fall of 1994, the curriculum has 
enlisted 37 writers. Partners 
with the Brethren are four 

Mennonite-related bodies and 
Friends United Meeting. 

Other curricula 

The 1993 Vacation Venture 
Series on "The Bible: God's 
Call to Love" offers a wide 
array of vacation school materi- 
als for six age levels. 

"Journey in Jesus' Way," a 
13-part, 4-videocassette series by 
David Sollenberger, surveys ba- 
sic Brethren beliefs and practices. 

Newly redesigned, A Guide for 
Biblical Studies treats the Inter- 
national Lessons/L'niform Series 
from a Brethren perspective. 

Heritage resources 

Whaiza Wissohickonl is a 
heritage curriculum written by 
Linda Logan for children. 

"LitUeMiddleTall" is a 
video version of the children's 
classics written by Dorothy 
Brandt Davis on Brethren 
heroes. Narrated by Ed 
Asner and produced by 
David Sollenberger, the 
video is a 1993 finalist 
in Telly Awards 
The Middle Man. a pic- 
ture book on John Kline, 
was reprinted by Brethren 
Press for release with the 
above video. 

Also available are Middle 
Man T-shirts with the leg- 
end, "God loves everyone." 

Vacalion Ventures: six levels focused 
on ' The Bible: God s Call to Love 

Photo Source 






"Puerto Rico: The First Fifty 
Years" is a video account of 
Brethren ministries in Puerto 
Rico. Print pieces recounting the 
Brethren story in Puerto Rico are 
Un Canto al Seflor en la Isla del 
Encanto by Olga Serrano, pub- 
lished in Spanish, and Light of 
the Spirit by Mary Sue Rosen- 

An overview of contemporan,' 
Brethren outreach is presented in 
the video "Spirit of God 
Moving," created for Brethren 
Vision for the '90s. 

In Nigeria, Galen Hackman's 
two Theological Education by 
Extension courses on Brethren 
history and beliefs have been 
translated into Hausa. The work 
has been enthusiastically received 
by EYN churches. 

For Sudan, Lester and Esther 
Boleyn and Sudanese linguists 
continue to translate the Old 
Testament into Nuer. 


Augmenting the Hymnal pro- 
duct resources and in matching 
design are two Bibles with de- 
nominational imprint: a pew 
Bible and a pocket-sized leather 
Bible, both in NRSV. 


Proclaiming and living out the gospel of peace 

Mi^y flii^ Drought, hurri- 
^*^^HC canes, and civil 

^*^^ I wars triggered 
acts of Brethren compassion 
throughout 1992. Service and 
peace were priority concerns on 
the denominational agenda. 

Brethren Volunteer Service 

Ninety-eight persons entered 
Brethren Volunteer Service 
I through orientations held in five 
' states. Currently 151 volunteers 

Trees for Life 

Tom Benevento with pal in Guatemala: 
one of 20 nations where BVSers sene 

serve in 20 countries, in projects 
centered on peace and reconcili- 
ation and in environmental, 
social, and church-related tasks. 

Disaster responses 

Following Hurricane Andrew 
in August 1992, almost 700 
volunteers have engaged in re- 
construction in Florida and 

Louisiana through the Brethren 
Disaster Response Program. 
Disaster volunteers also served 
last year in eight other states. 
Cooperative Disaster Child 
Care trained 165 volunteers from 
15 denominations and assisted 
9,100 children at 10 sites. 

Horn of Africa 

Through the General Board 
program. Emergency Disaster 
Fund, and Global Food Crisis 
Fund, Brethren have contributed 
more than $680,000 to work in 
Sudan and Somalia in the past 18 
months. In Sudan, Brethren par- 
ticipated not only in relief and 
reconciliation efforts but lent 
support to indigenous churches, 
which in the face of violence are 
growing at a rapid pace. 

Phil and Louise Rieman have 
joined in hunger and develop- 
ment work in Sudan. 

In March 1993 the General 
Board voted a resolution plead- 
ing with authorities in Sudan to 
end the civil conflict and honor 
human rights. 

Special assistance areas 

An unusually large number 
of refugees — 1,816 — was placed 
through the Church of the 
Brethren Refugee Resettlement 
Program in 1992. 

SERRV, which channels in- 
come to 20,000 impoverished 
artisans in 40 countries, 
achieved $4.7 million in sales 
last year, a new high. 

Center operations at New 
Windsor, Md., packed 68 con- 
tainer loads of food for Russia. 

Educational activities 

On Earth Peace sponsored 14 
academies enrolling 350 youth 
and adults. It also conducted 
several workshops on the 
Ministry of Reconciliation. 

Recognizing 10 years of the 
China/Brethren Service Agricul- 
tural Exchange, the Chinese 
Ministry of Agriculture awarded 
Lamar Gibble a gold medal for 
international cooperation in 

The Native American Justice 
Study Committee framed a reso- 
lution on Native Americans for 
action by the General Board and 
Annual Conference. 

Somalian mother and child symbolize 
humanitarian emergencies in Africa 

Andrew Holbrooke 


After an exceptional year, wliat of the future''. 


PV^V^HH^ As the preced- 
^^2^^* i"c pages re- 

1 veal, 1992 was 

a time of solid advance for tlie 
Goals for the '90s. In the act of 
bearing common witness to 
Jesus Christ, Brethren were 
"filled with courage" and 
"drawn together in love." 

An excellent year 

By many measures, and es- 
pecially in giving to the wider 
work of the church, the past year 
was exceptional. Individual 


David Radchff 

Mark of a giving church: BVSer Noelle 
Dutabaum anointed for senice 

giving more than doubled as the 
Brethren Vision for the '90s 
campaign gained momentum. 
Total congregational gifts were 
up, as were bequests, deferred 
gifts, and endowment giving. 




Congregauons $4,501,340 $4,613,720 







Deferred Gifts 









•includes earnir 


on earlier gifts 

All told. 1992 giving for 
General Board ministries totaled 
over $8.3 million, the best year 
ever and ahead of the year before 
hy ahtiut $1.5 million. 

Pinch points 

There is, however, a problem 
that emerges out of the data in 
Tables A and B. While designa- 
ted gifts are up for the Emergen- 
cy Disaster Fund. Global Food 
Crisis Fund, and Brethren Vision 
for the '90s, the support of the 
general programs sustained by 
unrestricted giving of congrega- 
lions and individuals is down. 
Though the decline is modest, it 
represents a persistent trend. 

This decline, when placed be- 
side funds for pay increases to 
employees (averaging about 2 
percent for 1994) and otlier ad- 
justments, points to the need of 
trimming ongoing program costs 
next year by $390,000. 

The situation illustrates how 
crucial unrestricted congregation- 
al giving (Table B) is in carrying 
forth the mission of the church. 





Congregauons $3,702,210 $3,651,590 

Individuals 323,690 308,600 

Bequests 700,000 700,000 

Deferred Gifts 171,010 153,980 

Endowment* 440.930 396,100 

Totals $5,337,840 $5,210,270 

**excluding gifts to Brethren Vision for the '90s 

A growing edge 

The good news to report is 
that the church is responding 
vigorously to mission priorities 
set forth by Annual Conference 
in the Goals for the '90s. In 
1993, $675,000 of Brethren 
Vision for the '90s designated 
funds are helping move priority 
programs forward. Many of the 
program developments chronicled 
in this report are part of these 
growth areas. 

Among other denominations, 
the picture today is generally one 
of serious cutbacks in program. 
As Brethren, we have our pinch 
points, but these are offset by 
important growing edges. 

Because of your prayerful and 
faithful support, the Church of 
the Brethren General Board looks 
to future ministry with con- 
fidence and hope. 

Church of the Brethren General Board 
1451 Dundee Ave, Elgin, IL 60120 

We're on our way 

l)y David Radcliff 


!ollowing the custom, we were sitting on 
le floor as we awaited our lunch in a 
;staurant in Kwangju, South Korea. We 
nticipated a meal of typical Korean 
i3ods — dried fish, spicy hot kimchi 
labbage, edible grasses, paper-thin 
jjaweed wrappers, perhaps barbecued eel 
jr beef, and, of course, the complement 
'f nearly every Korean meal — rice. This 
ileal, however, had yet another Korean 
wist. My mouth dropped open as the 
laitress placed on the table a plate of 
pmething that was long, thin, white . . . 
lid moving\ 

What to do? General secretary Don 
ililler scooped up one of the "things" 
ith his chopsticks and put it in his 
outh. 1 watched. 

"Did you chew it, Don?" I asked. 
!"Yes," Don replied. "I wanted to 
ake it clear who was eating whom!" 
Welcome to Church of the Brethren 
lission in Korea. 

Our denomination's program in Korea 
showing movemenl also, albeit at a 
iasured pace. Field director Dan Kim 
' 5 been in the country since September 

1992. During the 10 months since then, 
he has undertaken several primary tasks. 

An important step has been to secure 
the permission of the Korean government 
for the establishment of our denomina- 

Dan also has spent many hours finding 
the right location for his combination 
residence and office. After renting a room 
in a Presbyterian building in Seoul for 
several months, he recently has relocated 
to an apartment in the capital. 

Ihe recruitment of leadership will be a 
vital component of the mission. Dan has 
worked hard to make contacts with people 
who may have an affinity for the Church 
of the Brethren. One person who has 
shown great interest in the denomination 
has been Won-Kyoung Jo (see December 
1991, page 12), whose brother Shin II Jo 
is pastor of Philadelphia (Pa.) First 
Korean Church of the Brethren. Jo not 
only pastors a congregation in the city of 
Taegu, but also coordinates a social 
service center called Agape House. 
During a recent visit to Bethany Seminary 
and the denominational offices, he 

reiterated his concern that the Brethren 
recruit committed, well-trained, "sharp" 
leaders for the emerging church. He 
encouraged us not to rush the process of 
leadership selection and training. 

Another key task has been to continue 
introducing the Church of the Brethren 
to the Korean people and to the Korean 
church leaders. The majority of Koreans 
are not familiar with the Brethren. Many 
people who hear the name associate it 
with another group already in Korea that 
is considered to be a heretical Christian 

Several strategies have been developed 
to provide information about the denomi- 
nation. Dan himself has met with 
numerous church leaders, has given 
away dozens of copies of the Korean 
translation of Wayne ZunkeTs To Follow 
ill Jesus' Steps, and has created a 
Brethren tract to pass out at public 

This past April, general secretary 
Donald Miller visited Korea for 10 days. 
One central purpose of the visit was to 
have Don visit with church leaders in 
various regions, both to introduce the 
denomination and to listen to recommen- 

Julv 1W3 Mevsens;er 17 

dations regarding our program. Dan Kim 
also arranged for Don to lecture on his 
Christian education writings at a Seoul 
seminary and to lead a nearby pastors 
Bible study group. Don's visit did much 
to enhance Korean understanding of and 
appreciation for the Church of the 

Something we experienced again 
during our April visit was the reluctance 

18 Messenger July 1993 

Don Miller met with 
many denominational 
leaders in Korea to 
discern the best course for 
the Brethren mission. 
Some leaders were 
hesitant to endorse 
the Brethren entry. Don 's 
wife, Phyllis, readily 
made friends among her 
Korean hosts. 

of other denominational 
leaders to endorse our 
mission effort. "TTiere 
already are too many 
flowers in the garden," 
said one leader in a 
meeting in Seoul. Indeed, 
one quarter of the popula- 
tion of South Korea is 
already Christian, and 
there are literally hundreds 
of denominations, many of 
which are small splinter groups. 

Part of our response to such criticism is 
to continue to make contact with leaders 
of existing denominations. One leader 
remarked, "Other churches come to 
Korea from America and never bother to 
talk with the churches already here. We 
appreciate that you have made it a point 
to talk with us." 
Another part of our response is to 

remind ourselves that our intention is to 
establish a distinctively Brethren church 
in Korea. We continue to hear that we 
bring unique beliefs and perspectives to 
Korea. Our commitment to expressing 
faith in daily life, our peace witness, our 
emphasis on service, our view of the 
pastor as a servant of the congregation, 
and our firm biblical basis — these are a 
sampling of the attributes some Koreans 
find attractive. 

There are several interesting options 
currently presenting themselves to our 
denomination. One is the possibility of a 
relationship with a junior/senior high 
school in the southwestern section of the 
country. Another involves some level of i 
cooperation with a newly-formed 
denomination that shares many of our 
perspectives on Christian faith and life. 
We have learned to know several gifted 
pastors who have shown an affinity for 
the Brethren and may be interested in 
working with us. Ecumenical contacts 
encourage us to develop a peace center a 
part of our witness in Korea. 

Three years ago. Annual Conference 
"sent" us to Korea. We are indeed there, 
although our work still is in an early 
stage. Finding the appropriate way to 
"birth" the Brethren witness in a land 
such as Korea is a difficult and often 
frustrating process. It is made especially 
challenging given the modest budget wi 
which we have to work — less than what 
many congregations have at their 

Yet. we are not without hope. This 
hope was symbolized in a conversation 
we struck up in a bus station with a 
young soldier home on leave. As we 
talked, he told me about his life as a 
militar)' recruit. 1 told him about the 
Church of the Brethren, including our 
peace heritage. "That sounds like a 
church I'd like to join," he said as we 
ended our conversation. Dan, always 
prepared, gave him a copy of a Brethrei 
booklet as we parted. 

There is a place for us in Korea. Joir 
us in a prayer for patience, diligence, i 
discernment as together we seek 
to find it. 

David Radcliff is director of Korean ministrie 
on the General Board staff. 


The calling of the cities 

The Church of the Brethren has had churches 

in the city since 1817. But, in 1993, we still 

don't have our urban ministries act together. 

by Eric B. Bishop 

Los Angeles, Harrisburg, New York. 
iManassas, Olympia, Chicago, Detroit, 
and Jacksonville have at least one 
thing in common — they are all cities 
:where the Church of the Brethren has 
urban ministries. 

The call for the Church of the Breth- 
ren to become active in urban ministries 
:ame in 1991 when the General 
Board passed a statement on urban 

"The cities, as well as the churches 
A'ithin them, are under siege." the 
statement says. "People need to be 
leard, current ministries need to be 
iiffirmed and strengthened, and strong 
lenominational solidarity expressed 
vith the Brethren in violent urban 

"We do have churches in urban areas 

1ind they have been ministering in those 

reas," said Donald Miller, general 

ecretary. "They've stayed in there (the 

ities) and we need to let them show us 

• jt'hat we need to do." 

The first urban Brethren congregation 
I/as established in 1817 when the 
iiermantown (Pa.) congregation built a 
leetinghouse in Philadelphia and 
rganized a congregation there. In early 
[ears Brethren, with their rural ties, 

loked upon moving into cities as 

mission work, not as church-planting. 
"We've been slow (to move into the 
city)," said Miller. "Partly because we 

were rural and it seems alien to us." 

It was the late 1800s before two more 
urban missions were begun — in Chicago 
and Brooklyn. According to the Brethren 

A B VSer begins a soup 
kitchen on the Hill 

About 175 people a day eat lunch at 
Washington D.C.'s only soup kitchen on 
Capitol Hill — at the Washington City 
Church of the Brethren. 

The 1 1 -year-old project offers a variety 
of services to the homeless and those 
who just need an extra meal. Lunch is 
served weekdays. A medical clinic is 
available, as is legal aid, a representative 
of the Veteran's Administration, and a 
social worker. The soup kitchen gives 
mail service to those without addresses. 
Some clothing is handy for emergencies. 

Brethren Volunteer Service (BVS) 
worker Rick Davis began the soup 
kitchen when he was assigned to the 
church's day-care center. When Davis 
expressed interest in offering lunch to 
street people, pastor Duane Ramsey 
introduced him to "street guys" he knew. 

Davis started to offer breakfast and lunch 
to about 15-20 people, and the church 
also became a place for the homeless to 
rest during the day. 

Now the kitchen, a $60-70,000 a year 
operation, is a cooperative effort also 
supported by local businesses and 
congregations, schools, and community 
members. It benefits from donated food 
and volunteer work. For example, a dairy 
fanner from the Grossnickle Church of 
the Brethren donates meat. Giant and 
Safeway supermarkets give food. People 
from other parts of the country volunteer 
at the kitchen while in Washington to 
"do work on the Hill," Ramsey said. 

Dorothy Jackson is the program's 
administrator, and two BVSers, currently 
Marilee Warren and Sharon Snyder, 
work on the staff. — Cheryl Cayford 

July 199.^ Messenger 19 

Encyclopedia, "the strategy for Church of 
the Brethren city missions, until 1890, 
had been one of conserving Brethren who 
moved to the city, rather than one of 
evangehzing the non-Brethren of the 
city. The call to keep cil\ Brethren within 
the fold v\ as very strong before World 
War I." 

Participants in an urban consultation 
this May developed four priorities of 
urban ministries for the church. They 
include training urban pastors and 
leadership, assessing and inventorying 
local needs in the urban setting, develop- 

< ■■ >• ^*ir^f ^>^> 

ing new churches and evangelism in 
urban centers, and developing an urban 

"One approach we've used is to go to 
the .scene of an old urban church and start 

A church faciUtates 
community change 

Members of First Central Church of the 
Brethren, in Kansas City, Kan., were 
guessing that the church neighborhood 
needed an after-school program for 
children. After the church took the lead 
by funding a study of the neighborhood, 
other community organizations have 
begun working on a solution. 

Two summers ago. First Central church 
provided work space and a base for 
Kansas City Community College 
sociology professor Steve Collins and 16 
students to do door-to-door canvassing of 
over 600 homes. Questions they asked 
neighborhood people concerned such 
things as the need for child care, the 
number and ages of children in the house, 
the number of parents present, and 
income levels. 

Pastor Connie Burkholder said Collins 
"did a super job of putting together a 
written report" that gave a good repre- 
sentation of families in the neighborhood 
and confirmed church members' suspi- 
cions of a pressing need to help latch-key 
children. About one-third of the 
neighborhood's school-age children are 

classified as latch-key. Low income, 
single-parent families were most in need 
of a latch-key program. 

Collins presented the study results to 
the church, which included resource 
needs and financial estimates for a latch- 
key program using licensed teachers. But 
the church did not have enough money to 
take up the work. 

After Collins made his results public 
through newspaper and television 
reports, the school district, the YMCA, 
and other community agencies joined 
together to address the problem. A latch- 
key or after-school program might be in 
place by this fall, Burkholder said. 

Meanwhile the congregation has been 
active in other ways in the community. 
Outreach includes Friday night movies, 
cookouts, ice cream socials, and festive 
joint services with other churches. 
Several churches are looking at a 
cooperative ministry. 

"It feels like we have some momen- 
tum," Burkholder said. "It feels like 
something new is happening 
here." — CHERYL Cayford 



a new ministry, and we've had some 
success with that model," said Merle 
Crouse, who maintained the urban 
ministries portfolio from 1991 through 
1992. "One of our problems is that, 
while need is there, we don't have 
enough ethnic minority leadership." 

The urban ministries portfolio, which 
currently is vacant, has had four staff 
members since 1969. Tom Wilson, who 
held the position from 1969 to 1981, 
made awareness-raising the program 
emphasis. Rene Calderon emphasized 
intercultural communication and 
appreciation during his tenure, 1982- 
1984. Awareness-raising was also the 
program emphasis for Chris Michael, 

"Cities are places of unity and diver- 
sity, and that embodies the universality 
of the human community," said Glenn 
Timmons, executive for Parish Minis- 
tries Commission. "The role of denomi 
nations at this point is to support 
congregational life, and it does take a 
great deal of courage, determination, 
and sacrifice. 

"When Jesus set out to do his work, 
his mandate, 'The Spirit of the Lord is 
upon me, he has anointed me to 
bring good news to the poor. He has sen 
me to proclaim release to the captives j 
and recovery of sight to the blind, to let 
the oppressed go free, to proclaim the 
year of the Lord's favor' (Luke 4:18-19} 
had a lot to do with urban ministry," 
said Timmons. | i 

Strengthening an urban ministries 
program means in part planting churchij j 
in urban areas. Such new beginnings j i 
carry several variables that have to be I 
considered, including cultural and socic 
economic differences. 

20 Messenger July 1993 


"In all cases (rural, urban, suburban), 
the target always is those who lack in 
their own lives a life-changing connec- 
tion to Jesus Christ." said Paul Munde\ . 
staff for evangelism. '"We"ve had the 
commitment for years to work in 
'partnering' any new thrust into the cities. 
We've been having the conversation for 
decades, and it's embarrassing because 
we have not been able to crack the code 
of the city." 

Another area the church must deal with 
is the increasing incidence of urban 

"Social reconciliation and relationship 
ibuilding will be appropriate (in the 
Icities)." said David Radcliff. peace 
consultant. "I don't see how you can live 
in peace and not have economic develop- 
'ment and empowerment." 

"What we need to do more of is peace 
imediation. and apply it to community 
and even family conflicts," said 
rimmons. "As a denomination, our 
ptrength has been the peace stance, but 
A^e've applied it basically to war." 
Many of the concerns for urban 
\merican cross the boundaries of cities, 
:ounties. and church commissions just as 
hey cross the boundaries of race, culture. 
:ind socio-economic status. 
I "The physical, emotional, and eco- 
Jiomic needs are cared for better in 
'lifferent settings," said Mundey. "It 
ippears that one person may be more 
leedy than the other, but they both have 
leep spiritual needs." 
' Brethren Volunteer Service has 
lolunteers placed at 21 urban sites and 
urrently has 48 volunteers serving in 
irban areas across the country. The 
olunteers work in such settings as soup 
itchens and food banks, homeless 
, |lielters, refugees centers, and domestic 
jiolence shelters. 
"Other denominations look to us for 
•adership in the use of volunteers in 
rban settings," said Miller. "Especially 
1 assistance with education, welfare, and 
laybe even points of violence." 
Youth and young adult ministries holds 
orkcamps in such urban areas as 

Philadelphia, Baltimore, Miami. Denver, 
and Chicago. Christian Citizenship 
Seminar is also an urban event. The 

annual trip gathers youth in New York 
City and Washington. D.C. 
"It really does help to have young 
(continued on page 26) 

Not the 'white church,' 
but the Brethren church 

Miami (Fla.) First Church of the Brethren 
has taken "a step of faith" in choosing to 
stay in its present location and calling a 
black pastor, said Renee Davis, chair- 
woman of the board. Travis Fisher, of 
Providence. R.I.. begins as pastor later 
this year. 

Miami First is struggling along with 
about 30 members in an all-black area 
that boasts several large black churches. 
The multi-ethnic Brethren, most of whom 
live outside the area, have been perceived 
as "the white church" because they have 
had white leadership. Davis said. 

"We don't want to be known as the 
white church." she said. "We want to be 
the Brethren church." 

The church lost a lot of members last 
year, some as a result of Hurricane 
Andrew, but decided not to take up the 
option of relocating. The decision was 
made on the advice of the district New 
Church Development Committee, and 
was also a consequence of involvement in 
Education for Urban Ministry. EFUM 
"really worked" when through its church 
self-examination segment, it helped 
Miami First decide to stay, Davis said. 

Hurricane Andrew and the subsequent 
rebuilding of homes has been a major 
focus for the church, Davis said. Sue and 
Damon Wagner Fields, who were pastors 
when the hurricane hit, coordinated a 
community shelter during the storm. Only 
a few days later, Miami First church was 
housing up to 50 workers from Coopera- 
tive Disaster Child Care and Brethren 
disaster services. 

Church families housed disaster 
workers, and Wayne Sutton, a county 
systems analyst, provided up-to-date 
maps to Brethren workers and the Red 
Cross to help them find their way through 
neighborhoods that the storm had 
destroyed past recognition. School 
teachers Karen Sutton and Rick Davis 
organized church members to provide 
evening meals for the volunteers while 
schools were closed. 

Church members are still helping 
Brethren volunteers, who continue work 
in an area south of the church. Volunteers 
no longer live at the church, but it has 
managed some finances for them and 
given other services. The church has 
received donations to help storm victims, 
and works with the Brethren disaster 
team to find appropriate recipients. 
Recently the Brethren were able to give 
$1,000 worth of major kitchen appli- 
ances to a woman with a disabled 
adult son. 

Disaster volunteers also have supported 
the church. When volunteers worship 
with Miami First, they double attendance, 
Davis said appreciatively. 

"It's been a long road back," Davis 
said. The destruction caused by Hurricane 
Andrew has shifted the whole population 
of the Miami area. People have moved 
from the hard-hit south to the north. In 
parts of the county, there still are tent 
cities. But despite it all. "the city is 
recovering," Davis said. And Miami First 
is taking its own steps to 
recovery. — Cheryl Ca'itord 

July IV93 Messenger 21 

Harrisburg First 

Hummel Street is its home 

Crime, inadequate housing, and poverty are visible 

fi'om the doorsteps of Harrisburg First Church of the Brethren. 

'It's not hard to see what your vision for urban ministry is J 

says pastor Nancy Heishman. 'Just walk through the neighborhood.' 

by Don Fitzkee 

At Harrisburg First church, clearing up a 
severe case of double vision has been one 
key to successful urban ministry. 

As the South Allison Hill neighbor- 
hood of Pennsylvania's capital changed 
during the 1950s, and Harrisburg First 
members began moving to the suburbs, 
the congregation struggled to discern 
whether the church should stay on 
Hummel Street or move out with many 
of its members. 

"The members eventually came to the 
realization that they were of two vi- 
sions," says pastor Irv Heishman. The 
solution was to go with both. 

Those members with the siihurhan 
vision started Ridgeway Community 
church on Harrisburg's East Shore and 
have seen their church grow into a 
strong, stable congregation. Those with 
an urban vision stayed put and under- 
scored their commitment to the city by 
adding a substantial Christian education 
wing to the church building. 

As a result, says Irv, "the people who 
stayed really had a commitment to stay, 
and that's been the salvation of the 
church." Nancy Heishman, who co- 
pastors with Irv, agrees; "You have to 
really have a vision for urban ministry to 
come into this kind of church. You have 
to really want to be here." 

Harrisburg First doesn't view the city 
through rose-colored glasses. Crime, 

22 Messenger July 1993 

inadequate housing, and poverty are 
visible from the church's doorsteps. 
While the congregation worships, church 
volunteers keep an eye on cars in the 
parking lot. But in urban problems the 
church with clear vision sees ministry 
opportunities. "It's not hard to see what 
your vision for urban ministry is," says 
Nancy. "Just walk through the neighbor- 

First church has identified its vision 
with a one-sentence statement: "We are 
called to build a Christ-centered multi- 
cultural community in the inner city, 
sharing the love, healing, peace, and 
justice of Christ." 


mile that may sound like a tall order 
for a congregation with a weekly 
attendance of 150, the Harrisburg 
Brethren receive plenty of help from 
other Church of the Brethren congrega- 
tions outside the city. 

"Urban ministry really is a bigger 
project than just one congregation," says 
Irv. "Sometimes we get more credit here 
than we deserve." Atlantic Northeast 
District's associate executive, Bob 
Kettering, agrees that partnership has 
been a second key to the effectiveness of 
the Harrisburg First's ministries. "One of 
its strengths," says Bob. "is its 
'partnering' with other churches." 

The Brethren Housing Association 
(BHA) is one example of the creative 

ministry that grows out of partnership. 
The Hanoverdale Church of the Breth- 
ren, located about 10 miles from Harris- 
burg First, was looking for some involve 
ment in urban ministry. It called on Bob 
to help it set up a partnership with 
Brooklyn (N.Y.) First church, but Bob 
challenged Hanoverdale to look closer tc 
home for meaningful urban involvement 

The witness commissions of the two 
churches began joint meetings, and the 
first major ministry to grow out of the 
partnership was BHA, which has 
provided short-term transitional housing 
(up to one year) to 26 families since 
1988. A total of six Brethren congrega 
tions have become partners in this 
project, providing board members, 
volunteers to renovate housing and assis 
tenants with social services, and finan- 
cial support. Other churches also have 
sent volunteers and financial contribu- 

Initially boosted by a $20,000 start-up 
grant from the General Board's Global 
Food Crisis Fund, BHA's annual budge 
is pushing the $100,000 mark, with 
income from individuals, churches, 
district sources, and other grants. The 
organization has hired its first full-time 
executive director, John Nantz. 

The success of the program isn't just 
reflected in statistics and dollar figures. 
The first family to have lived in BHA 
housing later joined First church. Othei 
have reordered their lives and gone on 


)ecome homeowners. 

Partnership between Hanoverdale and 
^ar^isburg doesn't end with BHA. Last 
/ear, Hanoverdale hosted a weekly 
/enture Club for about 25 kids, mostly 
rom Harrisburg First. Harrisburg kids 
ilso attend summer day camp at 
ianoverdale. The two churches have 
leld joint love feasts, and their youth 
;roups take turns planning Easter 
iunrise service and serving a breakfast 
|fterward. Hanoverdale members 
olunteer in other programs at First 
hurch, as well. 

' Hanoverdale pastor Ron Ludwick 
xplains, "We were looking to do things 
[lat would be mutually beneficial." As 
le sees it, that's exactly what has 
appened. "I have heard Harrisburg 

people say that it is encouraging to 
realize that they are not alone." 
Hanoverdale members, he says, have 
found an outlet for meaningful ministry 
that has broadened their worldview. 

Bob Kettering agrees. "Partnerships 
have been a real key, not only bringing 
encouragement to Harrisburg, but in 
giving a sense of mission to some of the 
other churches." 

Not all of First church's partners are 
other Church of the Brethren congrega- 
tions. A church with a long ecumenical 
heritage. First church cooperates with 
other churches in the neighborhood in an 
annual week-long Vacation Bible School 
for up to 100 children. 

"Sometimes," says Irv, "our church is 
just a catalyst for getting things started. 

and then people from the neighborhood 
and other churches come in." The 
church's food distribution program is a 
good example. Each Friday, about 180 
low-income families receive a bag of 
groceries to supplement their food 
budget. First church gets food through 
the South Central Pennsylvania Food 
Bank, and volunteers from the church 
and community give it to those who meet 
the income criterion. 

For the past nine years, Harrisburg 
First's community minister, Gerald 
Rhoades, has been a key leader in the 
Allison Hill community. "I see myself as 
a chaplain to the neighborhood," says 
Gerald. Part of his work has been the 
organization of Block Clubs for five 
blocks right around the church. Gerald 

Rafael Rivas heads Harrisburg First's ministry to community Hispanics. Joining the staff 
in 1992, he quickly built up a counseling ministry and started a Spanish-language service. 

July 1493 Messenger 23 

selects a chairperson for each block and 
organizes joint monthly meetings. The 
groups tackle community problems such 
as crime, drugs, and uncleanliness. Since 
it began in the mid-1980s, the program 
has received four city and state crime 
prevention awards. 

Other community programs include an 
after-school children's club for about a 
dozen or so elementary kids and a 
Wednesday night tutoring program. A 
dozen tutors from the church and 
community provide weekly tutoring for 
15 kids. Friday night is game night for 
junior highs at the church. 

Joyce .-Mbin. who serves as children's 
director for the church's Sunday school 
program, points out that over the years 
the community programs for kids have 
funneled lots of neighborhood children 
into the Sunday school program. 

Twenty-nine-year-old Kim Joseph 
once was one of those kids. She grew up 
near the church and came into the 
church through the after-school club for 
the kids. ""That was a place where my 
grandmother would let me go," Kim 
recalls with a smile. She later attended 
Sunday school, accepted Christ, and 
joined the church. 

"The church has helped me consider- 
ably." says Kim. "It showed me that I 
didn't always have to be out with the 
ruffians. I could have fun in different 
ways. I learned that I didn't have to be 
like everybody else in the neighbor- 

Today Kim is an active member of the 
church's Growth Task Committee. This 
fall she will coordinate child care when 
First church hosts the Atlantic Northeast 
District Conference. She sees community 
outreach and "people in the church who 
are more than willing to bend over 
backward to help you" as the strengths of 
the church. 

The church's worship, she says, is a 
weakness. "It's basically kind of boring, 
not all that upbeat." She would like to 
experience worship that is more attrac- 
tive to city f)eople, whose music is "loud 
and fast." 

South Allison Hill is an ethnically 
diverse neighborhood, with whites, 
blacks, Hispanics, and southeast Asians 

24 Messenger July 1993 

living side-by-side. The congregation is 
mostly white. "First church is a mix of a 
neighborhood church and a regional 
church," explains Gerald. Many long- 
time members commute from the suburbs 
or higher income areas of the city. 

Dealing with diversity in worship is 
one of the biggest challenges facing First 
church, says Nancy. "It's very difficult to 
please everyone in one service. It's like 
trying to stretch a rubber band in all 
these different directions to please 

Gerald agrees: "That's been a 
struggle — whether we should change o 
present worship to include everybody o 
whether we should have ethnic serviceS| 
TTie congregation has moved toward | 
multiple services, with the addition of m 
Spanish-language service last fall. The 
are now exploring the idea of a Saturdi, 
night service that would be less tradi- 
tional and more informal, to meet the 
needs of worshipers such as Kim Josep 

Rafael Rivas heads the Spanish- 
language service. Rafael joined the 

Opposite page: Com- 
munity activities have 
funneled lots of chil- 
dren into Harrisburg 
First's Sunday school 
program. Members of 
the church 's pastoral 
team are In' and 
Nancy Heishman, co- 
pastors; Rafael Rivas, 
Hispanic ministries; 
and Gerald Rhoades, 
community ministries. 

Left: Each week First 
church distributes food 
to about 180 
needy families. 

Below: Rafael Rivas 
teaches a Spanish- 
language Sunday 
school class. 

( urch staff in January 1992 as a 
■ilunteer missioner (see August/Septem- 
1 • 1992, page 4). He quickly built up a 
Cinseling ministry and then started a 
Danish-language service. About a dozen 
fljple attend the service each week, 
a i once a month the entire church 
\jrships together. "We're all one 
f!iily," Rafael explains. "We have 
5'inish services because we like to hear 
c own tongue." 

[■Joemi Cruz, a social worker from a 
'1| il Hispanic ministry, assists Rafael 

and directs a support group at the church 
for family members of people with AIDS. 
The church also offers Danzante, a 
Hispanic cultural program, run by a 
member of the community. 

In addition to the Hispanic ministry. 
First church for the past seven years or 
so has opened its doors Sunday after- 
noons to an independent Khmer (a 
Cambodian ethnic group) fellowship. 

While Harrisburg First has a long 
tradition of community ministry. Irv and 
Nancy, during their five-year pastorate. 

have also raised the profile of spiritual 
nurture and evangelism. 

Irv and Nancy arrived at Harrisburg 
about the same time as Passing on the 
Promise, the multi-denominational three- 
year evangelism program created by the 
Church of the Brethren. Nancy recalls 
that when she and Irv arrived, "the 
church had been known for wonderful 
community ministry, but it hadn't 
resulted in bringing people into the 
church. We've really tried to bring those 
together more." 

In preparation for its 100th anniver- 
sary in 1996, the church has set a five- 
year goal of welcoming 100 new mem- 
bers, an average of 20 a year. Last year 
First church added 19 new members, and 
showed signs of reversing the numerical 
decline that has accompanied the aging 
of the congregation. 

"Since Passing on the Promise, we've 
become more intentional about inviting 
people into the church." says Gerald. 
"Irv and Nancy have helped us to realize 
we have to have the spiritual base." 

Joyce Albin agrees that "the spiritual 
life has become a bigger emphasis since 
Irv and Nancy have been here." 

Bob Kettering attributes much of 
Harrisburg's success to a strong leader- 
ship team that's "always on the cutting 

"They have an exciting pastoral team 
there," says Bob, "people with a vision 
and a real passion for urban ministry. I 
think Irv and Nancy and Gerald do not 
view themselves as caretakers, but as 

But Irv and Nancy are quick to 
recognize the importance of an active 
laity with a long-term commitment to 
urban ministry. "We're doing so much 
for our size," says Nancy. "I'm always 
amazed at that. They work hard." 

"The real challenge," says Irv, "is to 
be both evangelism and service people. 
There's a sense in which our ministry 
really isn't complete if we 
don't have both." 


Don Filzkee is a freelance writer, from 
Elizabethtown, Pa. A member of the General Board, 
he is a licensed minister in Chiqiies Church of the 
Brethren. Manheim. Pa. He sened as an editorial 
assistant with Messenger. 1986-1988. 

July ■''''S Messenger 25 

I continued from page 21) 
people who will be coming into leader- 
ship be of)en to the city." said Chiis 
Michael, staff for youth and young adult 

ministries. "This country is moving 
toward urbanization, but we're very slow 
(to respond) because of fear and mistrust. 
"1 really do want the youth ministry in 
our denomination to prepare our young 

Imperial Heights looks 
for the positive side 

The Imperial Heights Church of the 
Brethren is typically Brethren, according 
to Belita Mitchell, despite the fact that its 
membership is from an ethnicity still 
sparse in the denomination. 

With typical Brethren timidity and 
closedness, "we've kind of had our heads 
in the sand too." said Mitchell, who 
chairs the church board. The church is 
"not always fully aware of changes" 
going on around it. 

But since last year's riots in Los 
.Angeles, the congregation has been 
working with other Los Angeles and 
district Brethren to raise consciousness 
and foster unity. 

"When I think about it, a chill still 
settles over me," said Mitchell, remem- 
bering the hysteria that overtook Los 
Angeles. The church was a few miles 
away from the center of the riots, but a 
nearby building was gutted, and National 
Guardsmen were stationed across the 
street. People close to the congregation 
were among the innocent who lost their 
lives — a handyman who had worked for 
the church, and the father of the child of 
a young woman who occasionally 
worshiped with the congregation. 

As a result of such terrible events, 
Mitchell said, "you always look for the 
positive in any situation." Imperial 
Heights has been looking for the positive 
by taking part in district unity services 
that combine black, Korean. Hispanic, 
and Anglo Brethren. On Sunday, May 
23. the congregation joined a Korean 
church. Central Evangelical Church of 
the Brethren, in a pre-Conference unity 

service. The church also is sharing facili- 
ties with a fledgling Hispanic group. 

The church has been involved in 
community work for some time. Two 
times a month the church feeds homeless 
people in a nearby park. Every fourth 
Sunday a special offering is lifted for 
community needs. 

The church supports its youth. 
Imperial Heights hosted an On Earth 
Peace Academy for youth in May, an 
Imperial Heights member is on the 
National Youth Cabinet, and with Bella 
Vista Church of the Brethren, a Hispanic 
congregation in Los Angeles, the church 
sent youth to this year's Christian 
Citizenship Seminar, an event sponsored 
by the Church of the Brethren Washing- 
ton Office. 

Imperial Heights also holds a youth 
service every fourth Sunday that attracts 
a larger attendance than usual, perhaps 
because it is more spirited, Mitchell said. 
A youth choir is a springboard for other 
activities, such as roundtable conversa- 
tions on how to deal with life from a 
Christian perspective. 

"In an urban setting, where the 
emphasis is on being part of a gang or 
your 'set," there's a lot of pressure on the 
young people to do almost anything other 
than be in church," Mitchell said. 
Imperial Heights is doing as much as it 
can to encourage its young people to stay 
in church. And it has had success, with 
far fewer "fatalities"— youth who have 
"checked out" of the community — than 
in the community at large. — CHERYL 

people to live in an increasingly urban- 
ized world," Michael said. 

"The glaring issues that will need to be 
dealt with are racism, the gap between thi 
20 percent at the top of the economic 
ladder and the poor, the whole violence 
issue, crime, and the feminization of 
poverty (single heads of households 
being women) — these issues will take us 
into the 21st century," said Timmons. 

An important first step to being a 
peacemaker in an urban setting "is to be 
there, know the people, and also be 
known by the people," said Radcliff. "So 
that when you speak, you do so with 
integrity. Your peacemaking role grows 
out of that." 

Brethren are struggling to define 
"urban." TTie melding of inner-cities and 
suburban communities increasingly 
makes it difficult to determine when 
you've moved from one to another. Ther 
is a tendency for people to move from an 
inner area of a city to the outskirts, yet 
continue to worship at the same church. 
Harrisburg First Church is a good 
example and demonstrates that the 
problem can be solved (see story on pag 
22). The problem this creates becomes 
one of a church in a community with nc 
connection to that community. 

"How do we make connections with 
the community and revitalize a church 
with a drive-in constituency?" asked 
Timmons. "I would like to see a congre- 
gation face that issue early on, when the 
is an abundant amount of strength and 

"If we don't address that issue early 
enough in the life of the congregation, v 
operate out of a survival mentality inste 
of a service mentality," he said. 

"We have to ground all this work in a 
deep sense of our spirituality which 
comes out of faith," said Timmons. 
"Whatever we're going to do has to hav | 
some moral center. | j 

"Then I saw a new heaven and a new 1 1 
earth: for the first heaven and the first ' j 
earth had passed away, and the sea was 1 1 
no more. And I saw the holy city, the ni| i 
Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven i ( 
from God. prepared as a 
bride adorned for her husband" 
(Rev. 21:1-2). 

26 Messenger July 1993 

! Ill LI 

How about 'Servant Church? 

If we must consider a new name for the 
denomination, a word to identify us and 
to describe the theological aspirations of 
our forebears and our present manner of 
operation on the world scene is "servant." 

The name "Servant Church" is both an 
identifying theological statement and a 
worthy model for followers of Jesus, the 
servant Lord, to hold before them. It 
needs no adjective, hyphenated auxiliary, 
or prepositional phrase to embellish or 
restrict it. It is a simple statement of 

Through all our history we have 
sought to "wash the feet of the world" as 
servants. Why not make it our name — 
Servant Church? 

Ethel Sheify Harris 
Jennings, La. 

Agreeing with Boyer 

The angry, fear-filled letters about 1993 
(Annual Conference moderator Chuck 
iBoyer's readiness to accept gay, lesbian, 
ind bisexual people into positions of 
leadership in the church remind me of 
letters written to the Camp Bethel youth 
tamp director in 1939 in response to a 
"colored man" being in a camp leadership 

One letter read, "To say we are 
i;hocked fails to express our feeling. I 
hink our people, in trying to be 
iroadminded, are losing all sense of 
ieason and propriety. We are not ready 
'et to have our children taught by 
olored folks, and we certainly have to 
'iroiest with all the power we can." 

/k npinions expressed here are not necessarily 
U'.\(' of the magazine. Readers should receive them 
I the same spirit with which differing opinions are 
\prcssed in face-to-face conversations. 
Letters should he brief, concise, and respectful of 
w opinions of others. Preference is given lo letters 
Ual respond directly to items read in the magazine. 
' We are willing to withhold the name of a writer 
■ilx when, in our editorial judgment, it is 
ui ranted. We will not consider any letter that 
'iiies to us unsigned. Wliether or not we print tlic 
tier, the writer's name is liepl in strictest 

< Address letters lo Messenger Editor. 1451 
\undee Ave, Elgin. IL 60120. 

It scares me that a vocal conservative 
minority often carries so much power in 
the church. It also angers me because 
that minority's judgmental comments 
encourage and perpetuate fear and 
ignorance, which, in turn, support 
continued violence and injustice toward 
gays and lesbians. 

TTiose sentiments voiced against 
"colored people" in 1939 are comparable 
to current reactions against gays and 
lesbians. Will we give equal rights to all 
or, instead, make judgments about who is 
deserving? Let"s look at our Brethren 
tenets and live up to our own stated 

Joel MiFitddeii 
Oak Park. III. 

• The 1993 Conference theme is 
"Proclaiming God's Peace." I ask a 
question of those who dismiss all the 
evidence of Christ's spirit at work in 
Chuck Boyer because they disagree with 
his position on acceptance of gays and 
lesbians: How can we "proclaim God's 
peace" as a denomination when we still 
don't realize that God's peace and grace 
are not bestowed according to gender, 
race, or sexual orientation? 

Sylvia Eagan 
Portland, Ore. 

• People who are gay and lesbian are 
being called into service for the kingdom 
of heaven. Those who oppose their being 
called and call those who accept them 
"servants of Satan" are like the scribes 
who called Jesus "possessed" for doing 
good works (Mark 3:22-30). 

Naming as evil that which is called 
forth by God slanders the Holy Spirit. 
Let us be wary and learn from our past: 
We no longer quote scripture to keep 
women from God's call, nor to keep 
African Americans enslaved by whiles or 
segregated from them in our churches. 

Rather than repeat our errors, let us 
receive the living God's continued 

Alan Tripp 
Madison. Wis. 

• Twenty years ago. Chuck Boyer 
welcomed me into my new husband's 

faith community, the Church of the 
Brethren. His caring support over the 
years and over the miles has been 
constant. This dear brother has a gentle 
peace that we would do well to emulate. 

We sought the will of God as we called 
him to the moderatorship at the Portland 
Conference. Have we forgotten that? 

Leslie Yockey-Seese 
Sprin^ield. Ore. 

• The 1934 Annual Conference stated 
that all war, and all preparation for war, 
is sin. This statement still stands. 

Even soi we embrace our sisters and 
brothers in the military and extend to 
them full membership in the church. 
This is as it should be, for we are all 
God's children, no one less sinful than 
another. It is all right for followers of 
Christ to have fundamental disagree- 
ments, even about very important things 
such as war. 

Why do we not extend the same basic 
human and Christian courtesy to sisters 
and brothers who are lesbian or gay? 
Why do we so vehemently persecute our 
heterosexual sisters and brothers who 
stand beside them? 

Could it be that violence has become 
acceptable (under certain special 
circumstances, of course), but we still 
hate and fear homosexual people? 

1 hope everyone will join me in 
repenting of this hypocrisy and in 
accepting gay and lesbian brothers and 
sisters as part of the body of Christ. 

Lee Krcihenl'iiihl 
Elgin. III. 

• 1 am appalled by the apparent lack of 
Christ-like love and by the mean-spirited 
attitudes of the letter-writers denouncing 
Chuck Boyer and gays and lesbians. 
These are members of the church I grew 
up in? 

1 also am amazed by the level of 
ignorance exhibited: Jesus said ahso- 
liitely mnhing about homosexuality. 

It was commendable of the moderator 
to state his personal readiness to accept 
gays, lesbians, and bisexuals into 
positions of church leadership. But let 
me remind everyone that gays, lesbians, 
and bisexuals always have been and 

Julv 149,^ Messen2er27 


Pontius' Puddle 

NOTICE: Church and district newsletters that reprint "Pontius' Puddle" from 
Messenger must pay $5 ($10 if circulation is over 500) for each use to Joel 
Kauffmann. Ill Carter Road. Goshen. l\' 4652f^ 



1 PoP-'-, 






We invite you to join thousands of Brethren 
by insuring your property in an association 
owned and operated for members of the 


Insure your property today in a way that allows your 
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in their time of loss and need. Special funds and 
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always will be in positions of leadership, 
whether or not others are aware of them. 

From time to time, I have thought 
about leaving the Church of the Brethren 
because of the intolerance, lack of 
compassion, and outright hatred shown 
by my "Christian" brothers and sisters. 
As supposed followers of Christ, I should 
think we would want to make the Church 
of the Brethren a place where all are 

Jim Vaughr 
Arlington. Va 

• A few of us might know one person 
whom we believe to have been corrupted 
by a homosexual. Every one of us knows 
dozens of people who have been led 
astray morally by the inappropriate 
practice of heterosexuality, far too often 
by our professional, very Christian, and 
even ordained leadership. 

1 don't read Revelation on violence, 
nor Paul on haircuts. I don't read Psalm ! 
137 on how to treat children, nor i 

Leviticus on what to eat or how to bathe.! 
As a life-long Brethren, 1 read and seek ■ 
to follow Jesus. 'j 

Jesus /5 the New and Old Testaments. !l 

Alan Kieffabe 

Denton, Mi 

• I weighed too much when I was 
Annual Conference moderator in 1983 
still do. The sin involved is gluttony, the 
one that theologians throughout history 
have listed as fourth of the seven capital 

Some people scolded me during my 
year as moderator for pointing to 
scriptures. But no one wrote me letters 
about gluttony or questioned my fitness 
to be moderator. Some people could 
have, because Brethren are not of one 
mind about gluttony ... or abortion, 
divorce, baptism, divided chancels, 
hymnals, military service, or homosexui 
ality. Or about Robert' s Rules of Order.: 
for that matter. 

Our 1993 moderator is open, intelli- 
gent, compassionate, gentle, peace- 
loving, biblical, seeking to grow in 
Christ Jesus, and committed to his 

Perhaps one reason why Brethren wi 

28 Messenger July 1 993 


kind to me when they disagreed with me 
or did not mention my obvious sin of 
gluttony was because they heeded the 
scriptures about judging — about specks 
and logs. 

Paul W. Hoffman 
McPherson. Kan. 

• I found moderator Chuck Boyers's 
statement about acceptance of homosexu- 
■als compassionate and inclusive. I am 
jdisturbed by the "us" and "them" 
!:ategories most people seem to have 
]adopted for dealing with church mem- 
bers who don't fit into their neat little 
pious boxes. 

I Since when is it wrong to be compas- 
!;ionate toward those who differ from 
I'us"? Are caring and redemptive love no 
'onger in fashion for Brethren? 

Must we be like the Pharisees of Jesus' 
lay, the super pious religious leaders 
i^'ho often were the object of Jesus' scorn 
jecause they were so sure they were right 
iind that publicans and sinners were so 
Ivrong? Jesus upheld those who needed 
ove and care — the very people who 
suffered from the judgmental attitudes of 
hose who were so pious and so "reli- 

Dean L. Frantz 
Fori Wayne. Ind. 

Disagreeing with Boyer 

, am disappointed by moderator Chuck 
Joyer's readiness to accept gays, 
'esbians, and bisexuals in positions of 
hurch leadership. I am more disap- 
I'ointed by his admission that some of his 
lonvictions "are out in front of present 
lenominational positions." 

I I This implies that the rest of the 

■ 'enomination eventually will follow in 
ne direction of his convictions. 
Some of us still interpret the Bible as 
ondemning homosexuality. I suppose 
1 ye must be inferior Christians who 
aven't "seen the light," but that's the 
'ay my Bible still reads. 

George A. Bowers 
Edinbwg. Va. 

• In many scripture passages, the Bible 
I quite clear that homosexual acts are 

nful. Just as we would not accept a 

Holy boldness 

Recently, I asked a group of Brethren couples to name the characteristics of 
"holy boldness." We agreed that God gives us a spirit of boldness rather than 
timidity, but that Brethren are inclined to be timid rather than bold. 

Here are some of the characteristics that they mentioned — prayer, willingness 
to risk, commitment, nonconformity, interruption of the ordinary, confidence in 
God, acceptance of responsibility, leading of the Holy Spirit, support from a few, 
resistance from many, "a fool for Christ," willing to speak up, and a struggle to 
know what is right. 

Annual Conference is a time when we expect Brethren to engage in holy 
boldness. Indeed, we believe that we are closer to the spirit and mind of Christ 
when we are together at Annual Conference than when we are not together. 
Conference can ask us, however, not only what is different, but what may turn 
out to be nearly impossible. 

During the six years I have been general secretary, Conference has added 
many new directions to the program of the General Board. The Goals for the 
'90s, adopted in 1988, provided the major setting of directions. They are bold 
directions, and indeed, in following those directions, the General Board has 
gotten several new programs underway (see page 16 and insert). 

The General Board struggles, however, to achieve what Annual Conference 
has called for. Individual giving to Brethren Vision for the '90s has added $3 
million to what the congregations regularly give for the years 1991-1995, and we 
anticipate still more gifts. Yet congregational giving is down 1 1 percent from 
last year. 

We are in the odd situation of having the highest giving ever to the General 
Board, but needing to cut back ongoing programs. Individual giving is often 
designated for disaster or hunger. V.'e should be celebrating the high level of 
giving, but we grieve that we can hardly achieve the expectations set by Annual 

The mood of recent Annual Conferences has been to make specific require- 
ments designed to overcome General Board reluctance. In fact, the General 
Board is responsive to the Annual Conference and is responsible in carrying out 
new directives within the limited resources available. Annual Conference polity 
gives to Annual Conference the role of setting directions, and to the General 
Board the role of developing specific programs. When Annual Conference goes 
beyond its self-imposed polity limits to give specific directives to the General 
Board, the process breaks down. This is true especially when congregations find 
themselves unable to give financial support to new initiatives from Conference. 

There are many wonderful things happening in the church just now. The Goals 
for the '90s are starting to take shape. A sense of spiritual renewal has moved the 
church. At the same time, we are threatened by issues about which Brethren have 
strong disagreements. Here boldness can turn to divisiveness. Holy boldness 
springs from the spirit of the living Christ. If Annual Conference can express the 
boldness of Christ without becoming divisive and without forgetting its own 
polity, and if our people will support the directions set by Conference, I believe 
God will greatly bless our witness in this decade. -DONALD E. MILLER 

Donald E. Miller is general secretary of the Church of the Brethren 

church leader who continually commits 
adultery, we should not allow people who 
engage in homosexual acts to hold 
positions of leadership in the church. 

We Brethren rarely take a strong stand 
on anythiiii; anymore. We miLst take a 
stand on homosexuality. If our grand- 
children look back and see that we 

Julv IW3 Messenaer29 



conformed to worldly and sinful ways, 
they will see the end of the church that 
used to change the world. 

Aimee Phillippi 
Harrisonburg. Va. 

• I was astonished, amazed, perplexed. 
upset, and very angry upon reading about 
the moderator's readiness to accept 
homosexuals. .\m I so out of touch with 
our denomination? Surely this is not the 
Church of the Brethren I have served for 
over 64 years as a member, with my 
presence, prayers, time, talents, and 
liberal financial contributions. 

I cannot accept the idea of our Church 
of the Brethren leaders and members 
knowingly continuing in sin. I know it is 
possible for homosexuals to suppress 
their abnormal tendencies and be fruitful 
servants of our Savior. I also know that if 
they do not forsake their sin they will 
endeavor with all their being to change 
people with God-given sexual tendencies 
into perverts like themselves. 

From the 

Office of Human Resources 

Director of Personnel at New 
VVIndsorlMd.l Service Center 

Full-limc position for an individual with a 

comprehensise background and experience in 

human resource management. 

— Recruitment 

— Working with state & federal laws 

— Benefits/salar>' administration 

—Employee training 

This position is available beginning 

August 1. 1993. 

Western Plains District Executive 

Full-time position at McPherson. Kan., for an 
individual with executive and pastoral ministry 
experience. Strong administrative and 
interpersonal communication skills needed 
with expertise in conflict management/ 

This position is available on or before 
January 3. 1994. 

For prompt consideration call Barbara 
Greenwald at (800) 323-80.39 

TRAVEL— Manchester College Alumni Association tour to 
Israel and Rome. 11 days. October 8-18. 1993. Write for 
colorful brochure and itinerary: Carl 8. Cawood, Box 175. 
Manchester College. North Manchester, IN 46962. Tel. 
(219) 982-5223. 

Faithful Sen/ant Church in Allanla. Ga. will not meet over the 
summer. There will be no Sunday school or worship services 
from 5/24/93 thru 9/5/93. Sunday worship and congrega- 

Homosexuals are children of God and 
are loved by God. It is their sinful ways 
that are an abomination to God. If 
homosexuals are right before God, then 
are the rest of us immoral and wrong? 

Mearle G. Gordon 
Harrisonhiirg, Va. 

• God gave us limits and laws to abide 
by. All the Annual Conference papers in 
the world aren't worth the paper they are 
written on if they try to make God's 
Word — the Holy Bible — a "secondary 

Instead of promoting homosexuality. 
Christians (Brethren) should help 
homosexuals get out of their sinful 
lifestyles. Jesus told the woman caught in 
adultery, "Go your way, and from now 
on do not sin again" (John 8:11). 

Values, morality, what is true, what is 
right and wrong — all are in your Bible. If 
you can't understand it, pray for enlight- 
enment. All issues have a black or white 

Read Matthew 18:6-7 and see what 
Jesus says about leading children down 
the wrong path. 

Murcia Press 
Quinler. Kan. 

• If gay, lesbian, or bisexual persons, 
or any persons for that matter, have not 
given their sinful nature to the Lord and 
been sanctified, then they cannot be 
counted as a redeemed child of God, and 
thus they mock the name of Jesus Christ. 

We Brethren say that the New Testa- 
ment is our creed. Well, the New 
Testament book of 1 Corinthians plainly 
says, "Or do you not know that the 
unrighteous shall not inherit the king- 
dom of God? Do not be deceived; neither 
fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, 
nor effeminate, nor homosexuals, nor 

thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor 
revilers, nor swindlers, shall inherit the 
kingdom of God" (1 Cor. 6:9-10,NAS). 

I ask, is Chuck Boyer ready to have 
such persons as leaders in our church? 

Wendell H. Tobias 
Goshen, Indj 

• Chuck Boyer still openly says that he? 
is right on the gay and lesbian contro- 
versy (May, page 15). He still openly 
defies God's Word and the grass-roots 

When is Messenger going to become 
a paper that lifts up God's Word instead 
of leaning toward every kind of liberal- 
ism in our world today? When are we 
going to get the gay and lesbian agenda 
out of the Church of the Brethren, 
including the "drop-in center" at Annual 

Along with Charles Leatherman (May,« 
page 29) 1 will not serve as a pastor in 
the Church of the Brethren unless there 
is repentance and confession on the part 
of those who are trying to destroy our 

Arnold Leii 
Stanley. Wis 

Don't bop that bat 

What a grisly story of killing a bat was it 
the May "Stepping Stones" column. It 
demonstrated lack of appreciation of 
wildlife and its relationship to people. 
We were offended. 

Keep handy a phone number for a 
local wildlife rescue group, for emergen- 
cies such as the columnist had. 

We hope that Messenger will help 
educate its readers about acting hu- 
manely and responsibly toward wildlife 
and the environment. 

James and Vera Ellwoo. 
Kansas City, Kai 


tional meeting planned lor Sept, 12, 1993, to discuss future 
of the church. Please pray for the church. Direct comments 
or questions to Chris and Debbie Eberly (404) 499-7197 

WANTED— 16 copies ol Kingdom Songs of the 1920's. 
Contact Lloyd Noll, 579 Perry Street, Tallmadge, OH 44278, 

FOR SALE— First published history ol the Brownsville 
Church of the Brethren of Mid. Atlantic District, "The Church 

in the Valley" by Rev, H, Austin Cooper, Covers period i 
1731-1993, Contains into, on first Brethren migration in' 
area ol Antietam, Sharpsburg (Md), and Harpers Fer 
(W.Va..); and role of church during Revolutionary and Ci' 
Wars. Some genealogical into, on Youkins, Rudolph Brow 
Carter, Yourtee, Castle, Fouch, other families and settler 
Cost $30, includes mailing. Send orders to: Bool< Comm< 
tee. Brownsville Church ol the Brethren, 191 1 Rohrersvili 
Rd,, Brownsville, MD 21715 

30 Messenger July 1993 



ig Creek, S. Plains: James & 
Leann Bamett. Travis Beason. 
Larissa Pick, David Gaut, 
Lawerence & Pat Harmon, 
Ronnie Hickman, Craig & 
Kathy Miller. Jan 

jfTalo Valley, S. Pa.: Daniel Fox. 

, Gary & Pam Kline, Josh 
Richard, Wade Styers 

ish Creek. Mid-All.: Shirley 

1 Burall.Jonathon Burke. Frank 
Esworthy, Art & Diana Frank, 

, Robin & Mark Krantz, Dawn 
Moberiy. Cliff & Susan 

j Smyers. Ralph Stream, Cheryl 

\ Tressler. Joy Wilson 

[aysburg. M. Pa. : Vera & Wendy 

i Brown, Bradley Deffibaugh, 

d David Kane, Lisa Karacz, 
Stephanie Mobley. Travis 
Petterson, Sally Walter 

limmunion Fellowship, N. Ind: 
Tracy Buller, Tom Chenier. 
Paul Householder, Kirsien 
Oleen, Naomi Wahmhoff, 
Angle Wenger 

.:ndalk, Mid-Atl.: Peggy Byard, 
William »& Nancy Droilinger, 
Isabel Myers. Bruce Stevens, 
Eve Taylor 
en, Virlina: Gavin Bradshaw 
Barton, HeatherCicero, 
Christina Coble, Mitchell 
Kopp, Amy Luckenbill. Robert 
Miller. Marcia Mummau. Ann. 
Connne & David Royer, Scih 
Shaffer, Kurt Sollenberger 
Jrsole. S. Ohio: Manhew & 
Jonathon Bowman, Amy 
Riegel, Julie Szucs, Tom & 
Rebecca Weimer 
stCentral, W. Plains: Tom 
Champion, Carrie McGee 
(Creek, Shen.: Nancy 
Campbell. Sharon Matthias. 
Lee Richman. Sara & Roger 
Riggleman, Amy & Randy 
Stalbird, Crystal & Tonya 
Stroop, Amy Will 
:rnsey, S/C Ind.: Ronald 

tz, Atl-N.E.: Brian, Rebecca, 
Jim & Jean Bednar, Kelly 
Bomberger. Sarah Eshelman, 
Richard& Nancy Frush, Andy 
Gamer, Mike & Sharron 
Garrett, Tammy Geib, Frank & 
Jean Havemann, Steve Keim, 
Kyle Martin. Nicole Oetama. 
Steve & Shirley de Perrot, John 
& Jennifer Rohrbach, Shirley 
ARyan Mann. Becky 

lor, Mid-Atl.: Vincent Smith 
ksTield, N. Ohio: Anise Meeks. 
Delbert Stoner 

rion,N. Ohio: Aaron Ballinger. 
Michelle Bauer, Arthur Beery. 

nffDelores Johnson 

;l(iroeviMe.W. Pa.: Albert 

. 'I Augustine, Graydon Brewer. 
;' Danielle Ritchey, Cindy Sieck 

■V nt Pleasant, N, Ohio: Andrew 
iJoeniichuk, Benjamin Draher. 
inan & Debrah Greco. Duncan 
landall, Kenneth. Eileen & 

Rachel Rummel. Aaron Ulm 

Moxham, W. Pa.: Shirley Bennett. 
AnnaChristian. John, Matthew 
& Mary Cobaugh. Norma Jones 

Myerstown, Mid-Atl.: Daniel & 
Katie Auman, Kyle Derr, Julie 
Dosch, Jill & Martin Fidler. 
Andrew Heisey, Lonna Lackey, 
Christine Saul, Grace Stautfer 

Nappanee, N. Ind: Kelly Kuhn, 
Minam Mast, Steven Stouder, 
Ralph & Karen Troute, Sharon 
Tusing, Kristy Yoder 

New Carlisle, S. Ohio: John Lane, 
Adam Lemmer, Douglas 
Mosier, Adam Schock, 
Kimberly, Ingrid, Lucas & 
Nicholas Studebaker 

Northview. S/C Ind: Marvin & 
Nancy Gwin. Lone Tacacs 

Osceola, Mo./Ark.: Marcia 

Peace, N. Plains: Herb Anderson, 
Bob & Arlene Conaway, Oscar 
Keash, Rose Nuzum, Zack 

Peru, S/C Ind.: Margaret & Bill 
Calfee, Paul Duncan. Becky. 
Nancy & Dawn Newman, 
Lucille Roby. Margaret Slarkey 

South Waterloo. N Plains: Slalon 
Atwood, KalieGreiman, 
Brandon Lichty, Ben & Cyndi 
Miller, Nicole Tyler 

206th BVS 
Orientation Unit 

(Orientation completed 

Mays, 199?) 
Bayard,June. Huntington Station, 

N. Y . , to Lybrook Community 

Crawford, Clare. Malveme, N. Y., 

to Casa de Proyecto Libertad. 

Harlingen, Texas 
Cunningham, Thomas, Huntington 

Station. N.Y.,toLybrook 

Community Ministries, Cuba, 


COBYS Family Services, 

Leola, Pa. 
Gentner, Pascal. Neuwied- 1 . 

Germany, to Tn City Homeless 

Coalition. Fremont, Calif. 
Hardy, Angela, Bethany, Okla., to 

Casa de Proyecto Libertad, 

Harlingen. Texas 
High, David, Elizabethtown, Pa., to 

PLASE. Baltimore, Md. 
Hyder, Annette, Amherst. Mass.. to 

Catholic Worker House. San 

Antonio, Texas 
McCrary, Deanna, Elgin, III., to 

Camp Eder, Fairfield. Pa. 
Meltzer, Ulnch, Halle/Saale, 

Germany. toTTie Palms, 

Foff, Kelly. Lewisburg, Pa., to 

Comite de Apoyo, Edinburg, 

Pyle. Patricia. Washington, D.C.. to 

High Desert Research Farm, 

Rischar, Heather, Quincy, III., to 

Community of Hospitality/Cafe 

Strycker,Timothy, Goshen, Ind.. 

Camp Blue Diamond, 

Petersburg, Pa. 


Fervida. Heath, licensed Jan. 26, 

1993. Union Center. N. Ind. 
Groth, Harold, licensed Apr. 3, 

1 993. Independence. W. Plains 
Ober-Miller. Janet, ordained Feb. 

27. 1993. South Bay. Pac.SW. 
Ober-Miller, David, ordained Feb. 

27. 1 993, South Bay, Pac. S.W. 
Reneker. Robert, licensed Jan. 26. 

1 993, North Winona. N. Ind. 
Ritchie. Amy Gall, ordained Aug. 

I. 1 992. Florence, N. Ind. 
Tracy,John,licensedApr, 3. 1993. 

Eden Valley, N. Plains 
Wetmore. Karen Ann, licensed 

Feb.27. I993,Glendale, 

Pac. S.W. 


Arbuckle, Bnan. West Goshen, N. 

Ind.. from youth pastor to 

Bartholomew, Tim, from Yellow 

Creek. N. Ind., to Waterford 

Community. N. Ind., special 

Bloom, Robert, from Purchase 

Line. W. Pa, to Mounl Joy. 

Bowman. Harold, from Stone. 

Clark, Wanda, from secular to Pipe 

Creek, Mid-Atl. 
Clark. Terry, Pipe Creek. Mid-Atl., 

from mtenm to full-time 
Cunningham. Mark. Lampeter, 

Atl. N.E.from secular to assoc. 
Daggett. Kevin, from Daleville, 

Virlina. to Mill Creek, S.E. 
Deardorff. Timothy, Mexico, S/C 

Ind.. fromass't. lofulLtime 
Diaz, Manuel, from Locust Grove, 

W.Pa. to Lake Charles. 

S, Plains 
Hochstetler. Clair, from other 

denomination to Skyndge, 

Johnson, Dan. from secular to 

Lehman. Randall, from semi- 
retirement to Chippewa. N. 

Ohio, mtenm 
Mayer, Robin, Pleasant Valley. N. 

Ind, from inienm to full-time 
Mason, Steven, from Mount 

Pleasant, Shen., to Flat Rock/ 

Stony Creek, Shen. 
Matteson. Russell, from seminary 

lo Fremont, Fellowship in 

Christ, Pac. S.W. 
Matteson, Erin, from seminary to 

Fremont, Fellowship in Christ. 

Miller, David, from Springfield 

Atl. N.E.. to Albright. M. Pa. 
Nees.Opal Pence, from Roaring 

Spring, M. Pa., to Marion. 

S/C Ind. 
Overpeck, Michael, from New 

Pans, N.Ind.toWatertord 

Community. N, Ind. 
Quesenberry, James, from secular 

to Fremont, Virlina 
Swank. Kenneth, from Turkey 

Creek. N. Ind., to Waterford 

Community, N. Ind., youth 


Bishop, Milton and Gareldine, 

Peru. Ind., 60 
Cochran, Grayson and Elsie. 

Boonsboro, Md.. 50 
Dearing. Oliver and Ellen. New 

Lebanon. Ind.. 65 
Debolt, Erma and Chris, 

Fisher, Gene and June. Warsaw . 

Ind. 55 
Fulton, Richard and Floy. Warsaw . 

Ind., 50 
Helser. Raymond and Everil. 

Warsaw, ind., 65 
Hykes.Charles and Louise. 

Hagerstown, Md., 50 
Kennedy, Vincent and Pauline, 

Mansfield. Ohio, 50 
Kitchen. Willis and Betty, 

Lehman. Harvey and Ruth. 

Mcpherson. Kan. , 65 
Long, Lawrence and Hazel, 

Lowe, Glen and Virgina, Bunker 

Hill. Ind. 50 
Marker, Richard and Julia, Nonh 

Canton, Ohio, 50 


Bailey. Ruth. 76. New Freedom, 

Pa, Apr. 7. 1943 
Ballinger, Wildia, 95, Manon, 

Ohio, Mar, 27, 1993 
Beahm, Cora. 92. Nokesville, Va., 

Mar. 3. 1993 
Blair. Ellon. 63. Uniontown, Ohio. 

Jan. 10, 1993 
Bonney. James, 57, Richmond. 

Ind., Jan. 2 1. 1993 
Boska, Mike, 77, Mansfield, Ohio. 

Oct. 20. 1992 
Brammell, Freda, 82,Topeka. 

Kan .Apr. 12. 1993 
Brookman, Marquis, 83. 

Baltimore, Md. Sept. 2. 1992 
Bush, Floyd, 85, Martinsburg, Pa.. 

Mar. 4, 1993 
Chalfant, Carl. 85. Warsaw. Ind,, 

Jan, 29. 1993 
Cockreli, Bessie, Cushing. Okla.. 

Mar 31,1993 
Coleman, Mildred. 79, Windber, 

Pa.. Jan. 16,1993 
Cooper. Jerome. 69. Baltimore. 

Md.,Dec.20, 1993 
Croushorn, Lyia. 84, Nokesville. 

Va.,Feb. 8. 1993 
Cullers. George, 82, Moorefield, 

W.Va..Jan.9, 1993 
Duvall. Robert, Cockeysville. Md.. 

Nov.. 1992 

Ohio.Apr. 14. 1993 
Emig. Ellen. 97, New Oxford, Pa.. 

Mar. 18.1993 
Flakerly, Russell. 72, Kansas City, 

Kan. .Apr,6, 1993 
Gallagher, Hazel. 78. Uniontown. 

Pa.. Mar. 3 1. 1993 
Gardner, Frances, 88. Annvillc, 

Pa.. Feb. 11.1993 
Gauby. Rene. 93, Washington, 

Kan, .Apr.2, 1993 
Gay, Nathan, 78, Marion. Ohio. 

Mar. 3 1,1993 
Gift, Charles, 77. Wavnesboro. Pa.. 

Apr. 7. 1993 
Gordon, Clara, 83. Monroeville. 

Pa.. Apr, 26, 1993 
(JrilTith, Willis. 7 1 . Fnedens. Pa.. 

Feb. 26, 1993 
Griffith. Daniel. 4 1 , Newark. Del,. 

Apr. 23, 1993 
Harshbarger, Roberi.72. 

McVeytown. Pa.. May 2. 1 993 
Heasley. Ralph. 84. Sebring. Fla . 

Apr. 22, 1993 
Heisler. Esther. 85, North 

Manchester. Ind.. Apr. 8. 1993 
Heisler. Judy. 49, Cando.N.D.. 

Apr. 15. 1993 
Helsel. Elsie. 69. Maninsburg, Pa,, 

Mar. 9. 1993 
Heminger, Evelyn, 63, Wakarusa. 

lnd.,Mar.21, 1993 
Henderson. Richard. SO. Stanley. 

Wis.. Feb. 18. 1993 
Hummel, Paula, 46. Dayton. Ohio, 

Jan. 12.1993 
Huston. Barbara. 89. Sterling. Va.. 

Oct. 11,1992 
Kehr. Iva, 83, York, Pa., Apr, 1 1 , 

Keith, Josephine. 83, Martinsburg, 

Pa..M;ir.30. 1993 
Kennedy, Florence, Curry VI lie, Pa,. 

Apr. 16. 1993 
Kipp. Ruth, 78. NeffsviUe, Pa., 

Dec. 22. 1992 
Kreider,Thelma.82. New Paris, 

Ind, Feb, II. 1993 
Laken,Wilnia, 80. Cando.N.D. 

Jan, 14,1993 
Loucks. John,98, Wakarusa. Ind,, 

Apr, 5. 1993 
Lynch, Charles, Lewistown.Pa,. 

Apr. 9, 1993 
Miley, Janet, 6 1 . Moorefield, 

W.Va., Oct. 11,1992 
Montgomery. Floyd. 52. Union- 
town, Ohio. Apr. 10,1993 
Myers. Melvin,66. York.Pa.,Mar. 

Naff, Ernest, 62. Rocky Mount. 

Va., Apr. 22, 1993 
Nash, Clara. 95. Williamsburg. Pa.. 

Apr, 26. 1993 
Pepple. Esther. 77. New Pans, Ind., 

Apr. 28. 1993 
Pittman, Merle, 50, Shippensburg, 

Pa.. Sept. 12.1992 
Powell. Ruby . 8 1 . Warsaw. Ind.. 

Feb, 26. 1993 
Price. Richard. 79. Nonh Canton. 

Ohio, Apr. 27. 1993 
Rice. Ruth, 78, Baltimore. Md.. 

Nov.. 1992 
Scott. Lucille. 86, Beach Grove, 

Ind.,Apr. 10, 1993 

Mar. 26, 1993 
Shiflett, Cecil, 73. Baltimore. Md., 

Jan. 22. 1993 
Showalter. John. 90, Palmyra, Pa., 

Feb. 19.1993 
Smeltzer, Clyde, 79, Goshen. Ind., 

Apr. 25. 1993 
Smith. Clarence, 83. Waikersville. 

Md.Apr. 16.1993 
Snader. Carol. 38. Vienna, Va., 

Apr. 7. 1993 
Sterling. lona. 76. Mansfield. Ohio. 

Oct, 9. 1992 
Weaver, Freda, 94, Windber. Pa. , 

Mar. 28. 1993 
Wentling, Robert, SO. Palmyra. Pa.. 

Jan. 30. 1993 

July 1993 Messenger 31 

Power, that wonder-working power 

Sorting through many leads for urban ministry 
stories to include in this month's cluster of articles 
on the subject put me in mind of an early experience 
1 had in that tleld. I had a Brethren Volunteer 
Ser\'ice assignment in the Church of the Brethren 
General Offices, right here in Elgin, where, decades 
later, the saga of "Kemion Thomasson: The Prairie 
Years" is still playing itself out. I had such a cushy 
job, behind a desk, that I even received extra BVS 
allowance — to cover my dry-cleaning bill. 

Then one Saturday, I was invited to accompany a 
carload of young people in to Chicago's West Side 
black ghetto for a day of "urban ministry." Images of 
that day's experience are deeply etched in my 
memor\'. We were rehabilitating an upstairs apart- 
ment. My first assignment that morning was to clean 
up an enclosed back porch. Instead of the expected 
broom. I was handed a shovel. As I wielded it, I not 
only reflected on this item of "appropriate technol- 
ogy" for my task, but began what has been, so far, a 
life-long study of cultural, economic, and social 
differences among God's people.